Shades of violet

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Violet
 
Color icon violet v2.svg
Spectral coordinates
Wavelength 380–450 nm
Frequency 800–715 THz
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #7F00FF
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(127, 0, 255)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(50, 100, 0, 0)
HSV     (h, s, v)(270°, 100%, 100%)
Source99Colors [1]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
The color violet is named for the violet flower. Dog Violet flower (16181835536).jpg
The color violet is named for the violet flower.

There are numerous variations of the color violet, a sampling of which are shown below.

Violet (color) color

Violet is the color at the end of the visible spectrum of light between blue and the invisible ultraviolet. Violet color has a dominant wavelength of approximately 380–450 nanometers. Light with a shorter wavelength than violet but longer than X-rays and gamma rays is called ultraviolet. In the color wheel historically used by painters, it is located between blue and purple. On the screens of computer monitors and television sets, a color which looks similar to violet is made, with the RGB color model, by mixing red and blue light, with the blue twice as bright as the red. This is not true violet, for it does not match the color of a single wavelength shorter than that of blue light.

Contents

Variations of the color violet

Variations of spectral violet

Although pure spectrum violet is outside the color gamut of the RGB color space, the three colors displayed below are rough approximations of the range of colors of actual spectral violet, although the accuracy of the approximation can vary depending on the individual's color vision, and on the color rendition of one's computer monitor.

RGB color space any additive color space based on an RGB color model

An RGB color space is any additive color space based on the RGB color model. A particular RGB color space is defined by the three chromaticities of the red, green, and blue additive primaries, and can produce any chromaticity that is the triangle defined by those primary colors. The complete specification of an RGB color space also requires a white point chromaticity and a gamma correction curve. As of 2007, sRGB is by far the most commonly used RGB color space.

Color wheel violet

Violet (color wheel)
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #7F00FF
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(127, 0, 255)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(50, 100, 0, 0)
HSV     (h, s, v)(270°, 100%, 100 [2] %)
Source HTML Color Chart @270 [ failed verification ] [3]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The tertiary color on the HSV color wheel (also known as the RGB color wheel) precisely halfway between blue and magenta is called color wheel violet. This tone of violet—an approximation of the color violet at about 417 nanometers as plotted on the CIE chromaticity diagram—is shown at right. This tone of violet is actually somewhat toward indigo assuming indigo is accepted as a separate spectrum color, usually quoted as having a range of from about 420 to 450 nanometers. [4] Another name for this color is near violet.

Tertiary color color made by mixing either one primary color with one secondary color

A tertiary color or intermediate color is a color made by mixing full saturation of one primary color with half saturation of another primary color and none of a third primary color, in a color space such as RGB, CMYK or RYB (traditional).

Color wheel abstract illustrative organization of color hues

A color wheel or color circle is an abstract illustrative organization of color hues around a circle, which shows the relationships between primary colors, secondary colors, tertiary colors etc.

Electric violet

Electric Violet
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #8F00FF
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(143, 0, 255)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(44, 100, 0, 0)
HSV     (h, s, v)(274°, 100%, 100 [5] %)
Source HTML Color Chart @274 [ failed verification ]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color at right, electric violet, is the closest approximation to middle spectrum violet that can be made on a computer screen, given the limitations of the sRGB color gamut. It is an approximation of the color violet at about 400 nanometers as plotted on the CIE chromaticity diagram, in the middle of the violet range of from 420 nanometers to 380 nanometers, assuming indigo as a separate spectrum color from 450 to 420 nanometers. [4] Other names for this color are middle violet or simply violet.

sRGB standard RGB color space

sRGB is an RGB color space that HP and Microsoft created cooperatively in 1996 to use on monitors, printers, and the Internet. It was subsequently standardized by the IEC as IEC 61966-2-1:1999. It is often the "default" color space for images that contain no color space information, especially if the images' pixels are stored in 8-bit integers per color channel.

Vivid violet

Vivid Violet
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #9F00FF
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(159, 0, 255)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(38, 100, 0, 0)
HSV     (h, s, v)(277°, 100%, 100 [6] %)
Source HTML Color Chart @277 [ failed verification ]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color vivid violet, a color approximately equivalent to the violet seen at the extreme edge of human visual perception.[ citation needed ] When plotted on the CIE chromaticity diagram, it can be seen that this is a hue corresponding to that of a visual stimulus of approximately 380 nm on the spectrum. Thus another name for this color is extreme violet.

Hue Property of a color indicating balance of color perceived by the normal human eye

Hue is one of the main properties of a color, defined technically, as "the degree to which a stimulus can be described as similar to or different from stimuli that are described as red, green, blue, and yellow",. Hue can typically be represented quantitatively by a single number, often corresponding to an angular position around a central or neutral point or axis on a colorspace coordinate diagram or color wheel, or by its dominant wavelength or that of its complementary color. The other color appearance parameters are colorfulness, saturation, lightness, and brightness.

Computer web color violets

Violet (web color)
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #EE82EE
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(238, 130, 238)
HSV     (h, s, v)(300°, 45%, 93 [7] %)
Source X11 [8]
X11 color names [9]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Web color "violet"

The so-called web color "violet" is in actuality not really a tint of violet, a spectral color, but is a non-spectral color. The web color violet is actually a rather pale tint of magenta because it has equal amounts of red and blue (the definition of magenta for computer display), and some of the green primary mixed in, unlike most other variants of violet that are closer to blue. This same color appears as "violet" in the X11 color names.

Magenta color visible between red and purple; subtractive (CMY) primary color

Magenta is a color that is variously defined as purplish-red, reddish-purple or mauvish-crimson. On color wheels of the RGB (additive) and CMY (subtractive) color models, it is located midway between red and blue. It is one of the four colors of ink used in color printing by an inkjet printer, along with yellow, black, and cyan, to make all the other colors. The tone of magenta used in printing is called "printer's magenta".

In computing, on the X Window System, X11 color names are represented in a simple text file, which maps certain strings to RGB color values. It was traditionally shipped with every X11 installation, hence the name, and is usually located in <X11root>/lib/X11/rgb.txt. The web colors list is descended from it but differs for certain color names.

Dark Violet
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #9400D3
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(148, 0, 211)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(29, 100, 0, 17)
HSV     (h, s, v)(282°, 100%, 83 [10] %)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Pigment violet (web color dark violet)

The color box at right displays the web color dark violet which is equivalent to pigment violet, i.e., the color violet as it would typically be reproduced by artist's paints, colored pencils, or crayons as opposed to the brighter "electric" violet above that it is possible to reproduce on a computer screen.[ citation needed ]

Compare the subtractive colors to the additive colors in the two primary color charts in the article on primary colors to see the distinction between electric colors as reproducible from light on a computer screen (additive colors) and the pigment colors reproducible with pigments (subtractive colors); the additive colors are a lot brighter because they are produced from light instead of pigment. [ citation needed ]

Pigment violet (web color dark violet) represents the way the color violet was always reproduced in pigments, paints, or colored pencils in the 1950s. By the 1970s, because of the advent of psychedelic art, artists became used to brighter pigments, and pigments called "Violet" that are the pigment equivalent of the electric violet reproduced in the section above became available in artists pigments and colored pencils. [ citation needed ] (When approximating electric violet in artists pigments, a bit of white pigment is added to pigment violet.[ citation needed ])

Additional variations of violet

Mauve

Mauve (Mallow)
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #E0B0FF
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(224, 176, 255)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(12, 31, 0, 0)
HSV     (h, s, v)(276°, 31%, 100 [11] %)
SourceMaerz and Paul [12]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Mauve (from the French form of Malva "mallow") is a color that is named after the mallow flower. Another name for the color is mallow [13] with the first recorded use of mallow as a color name in English in 1611. [14]

Mallow (mauve) flowers Flower, Common mallow - Flickr - nekonomania.jpg
Mallow (mauve) flowers

Since the color mauve has a hue code of 276, it may be regarded as a pale tone of violet.

Lavender

Lavender
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #B57EDC
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(181, 126, 220)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(18, 43, 0, 14)
HSV     (h, s, v)(275°, 43%, 86 [15] %)
SourceMaerz and Paul [16]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color lavender. This color may also be called lavender (floral) or floral lavender to distinguish it from the web color lavender. It is the color of the central part of the lavender flower.

The first recorded use of the word lavender as a color term in English was in 1705. [17]

Lavender flowers Topped lavender02.jpg
Lavender flowers

Since the color lavender has a hue code of 275, it may be regarded as a light tone of violet.

Wisteria

Displayed at right is the color wisteria.

It represents the color of wisteria blooms. A crayon of this color and name was formulated by Crayola in 1993.

Wisteria floribunda Wisteria in April.jpg
Wisteria floribunda
Wisteria
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #C9A0DC
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(201, 160, 220)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(16, 40, 0, 0)
HSV     (h, s, v)(281°, 27%, 86%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

French violet

French Violet
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #8806CE
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(136, 6, 206)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(34, 97, 0, 19)
HSV     (h, s, v)(279°, 97%, 81%)
Source Pourpre.com [ failed verification ]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

At right is displayed the color French violet, which is the tone of violet that is called violet in the Pourpre.com color list, a color list widely popular in France.

African violet

African Violet
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #B284BE
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(178, 132, 190)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(6, 31, 0, 26)
HSV     (h, s, v)(288°, 31%, 75 [18] %)
Source Pantone TPX [19]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color African violet is displayed at right.

African violets Purple African Violet Top.JPG
African violets

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" color list, color #16-3250 TPX—African Violet. [20]

Ultra Violet (Pantone)

Ultra Violet
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #645394
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(100, 83, 148)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(32, 43, 0, 42)
HSV     (h, s, v)(256°, 44%, 58 [21] %)
Source Pantone TPX [22]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color Ultra Violet is displayed at right.

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" color list, color #18-3838 TPX—Ultra Violet. [23]

Ultra Violet was named as Pantone's Color of the Year for 2018. [24]

Chinese violet

Chinese Violet
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #856088
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(133, 96, 136)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(2, 29, 0, 47)
HSV     (h, s, v)(296°, 29%, 53 [25] %)
Source Pantone TPX [26]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color Chinese violet is displayed at right.

The first recorded use of Chinese violet as a color name in English was in 1912. [27]

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" color list, color #18-3418 TPX—Chinese Violet. [28]

Grape

Grape
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #6F2DA8
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(111, 45, 168)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(34, 73, 0, 34)
HSV     (h, s, v)(272°, 73%, 65%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Grape is a color that is a representation of the color of grapes.

Fresh purple grapes Fresh purple grapes.jpg
Fresh purple grapes

In 1994, "grape" was formulated as one of the Crayola Magic Scent crayon colors.

Spanish violet

Violet (G&S)
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #4C2882
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(76, 40, 130)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(90, 100, 0, 0)
HSV     (h, s, v)(264°, 69%, 51%)
SourceGallego and Sanz [29]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Spanish violet is the color that is called Violeta (the Spanish word for "violet") in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Japanese violet

Violet (JTC)
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #5B3256
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(91, 50, 86)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(0, 45, 6, 64)
HSV     (h, s, v)(307°, 45%, 36 [30] %)
Source JTC
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color Japanese violet is shown at right.

This is the color that is called violet in the Japanese traditional colors, a group of colors in use since beginning in 660 CE in the form of various dyes that are used in designing kimonos. [31] [32]

The name of this color in Japanese is sumire-iro, which means violet color.

English violet

English Violet
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #563C5C
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(86, 60, 92)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(7, 35, 0, 64)
HSV     (h, s, v)(289°, 35%, 36%)
Source ISCC-NBS
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color English violet is displayed at right.

The first recorded use of English violet as a color name in English was in 1928. [33]

Russian violet

Russian Violet
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #32174D
sRGB B  (r,  g,  b)(50, 23, 77)
CMYK H  (c, m, y, k)(35, 70, 0, 70)
HSV     (h, s, v)(270°, 70%, 30%)
Source ISCC-NBS
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color Russian violet is displayed at right.

The first recorded use of Russian violet as a color name in English was in 1926. [34]

Violet in human culture

Wrapping the spectrum into a color wheel

If the visible spectrum is wrapped to form a color wheel, violet (additive secondary) appears midway between blue and magenta:

Linear visible spectrum.svg
Visible spectrum wrapped to join violet and blue in an additive mixture of violet Blended colour wheel.svg
Visible spectrum wrapped to join violet and blue in an additive mixture of violet

See also

Related Research Articles

Fuchsia (color) Color

Fuchsia is a vivid purplish red color, named after the color of the flower of the fuchsia plant, which took its name from the 16th century German botanist Leonhart Fuchs.

Lavender (color) color shade of violet

Lavender is a light purple. It applies particularly to the color of the flower of the same name. The web color called lavender is displayed at right—it matches the color of the very palest part of the lavender flower; however, the more saturated color shown below as floral lavender more closely matches the average color of the lavender flower as shown in the picture and is the tone of lavender historically and traditionally considered lavender by the average person as opposed to those who are web site designers. The color lavender might be described as a medium purple or a light pinkish purple. The term lavender may be used in general to apply to a wide range of pale, light or greyish purples but only on the pink side. Lilac is pale purple on the blue side. In paints, the colour lavender is made by mixing purple and white paint.

Lemon or lemon-color is a pale yellow color, the color of the lemon fruit.

Orchid (color) color

Orchid is a bright rich purple color that is a representation of the color of the flower of some members of the plant family orchidaceae.

Red-violet color

Red-violet is a rich color of high medium saturation about 3/4 of the way between red and magenta, closer to magenta than to red. It is classified in color theory as one of the purple colors—a non-spectral color between red and violet that is a deep version of a color on the line of purples on the CIE chromaticity diagram. Both its saturation and brightness falling short of 100%, red-violet is not a pure chroma. There is a color of similar hue that, however, comes close to being a pure chroma: process magenta. The pure chroma color composed of equal parts of magenta and red is called rose.

Carmine (color) color

Carmine is the general term for some deep red colours that are very slightly purplish but are generally slightly closer to red than the colour crimson is. Some rubies are coloured the colour shown below as rich carmine. The deep dark red color shown at right as carmine is the colour of the raw unprocessed pigment, but lighter, richer, or brighter colours are produced when the raw pigment is processed, some of which are shown below.

Baby blue is a pale tint of azure, one of the pastel colors.

Taupe is a dark brown color between brown and gray. The word derives from the French noun taupe meaning "mole". The name originally referred only to the average color of the French mole, but beginning in the 1940s, its usage expanded to encompass a wider range of shades.

Rose (color) color halfway between red and magenta on the HSV color wheel

Rose is the color halfway between red and magenta on the HSV color wheel, also known as the RGB color wheel, on which it is at hue angle of 330 degrees.

Shades of orange Varieties of the color orange

In optics, orange has a wavelength between approximately 585 and 620 nm and a hue of 30° in HSV color space. In the RGB color space it is a secondary color numerically halfway between gamma-compressed red and yellow, as can be seen in the RGB color wheel. The complementary color of orange is azure. Orange pigments are largely in the ochre or cadmium families, and absorb mostly blue light.

Spring bud is the color that used to be called spring green before the X11 web color spring green was formulated in 1987 when the X11 colors were first promulgated. This color is now called spring bud to avoid confusion with the web color.

Shades of red Colors that are variations of red

Varieties of the color red may differ in hue, chroma or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a red or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

Shades of pink Varieties of the color pink

The color pink has notable tints and shades. These various colors are shown below.

Shades of magenta

The color magenta has notable tints and shades. These various colors are shown below.

Tuscan red is a shade of red that was used on the passenger cars of the Pennsylvania Railroad, as well as on the PRR TrucTrailers. It also was used extensively by the New South Wales Government Railways in Australia, in a similar fashion to the PRR. The Canadian Pacific Railway used it historically and painted its luxury revival cars in this color. It is also a Prismacolor colored pencil.

Shades of yellow

Varieties of the color yellow may differ in hue, chroma or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a yellow or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

Shades of blue Variety of the color blue

Varieties of the color blue may differ in hue, chroma, or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a blue or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

Shades of purple Variations of the color purple

There are numerous variations of the color purple, a sampling of which are shown below.

Shades of black Colours that differ only slightly from pure black

Shades of black are colors that differ only slightly from pure black. These colors have a low lightness. From photometric point of view, a color which differs slightly from black always has low relative luminance. Variations of black include what are commonly termed off-black colors, which may be considered part of a neutral color scheme, usually in interior design as a part of a background for brighter colors. Black and dark gray colors are powerful accent colors that suggest weight, dignity, formality, and solemnity.

Shades of azure

Azure is a variation of blue that is often described as the color of the sky on a clear day.

References

  1. "Color Violet" . Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  2. Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter - toolstudio". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  3. In the HSV color space, mapped by the sRGB color rendition system, the color violet (color wheel) is defined as the color with a hue of 270 degrees, which is the color exactly half way between blue and magenta on the RGB color wheel.
  4. 1 2 Rosen, Joe (20 November 2017). "Encyclopedia of Physics". Infobase Publishing. Retrieved 20 November 2017 via Google Books.
  5. Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter - toolstudio". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  6. Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter - toolstudio". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  7. Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter - toolstudio". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  8. W3C TR CSS3 Color Module, SVG color keywords. W3C. (May 2003). Retrieved on 30 January 2008.
  9. "X11 rgb.txt". Archived from the original on 2015-11-07.
  10. Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter - toolstudio". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  11. Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter - toolstudio". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  12. The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called mauve in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color "mallow" is displayed on Page 125, Plate 51, Color Sample I3 Note: It is stated in A Dictionary of Color that mallow and mauve are two different names used in English to refer to exactly the same color--the name mallow came into use in 1611 and mauve came into use as its synonym in 1856--see under the entry for each name on page 198 in the Index. See also discussion of the color Mallow (Mauve) on page 166.
  13. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 198
  14. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 198; Color Sample of Mallow: Page 125 Plate 51 Color Sample I3
  15. Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter - toolstudio". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  16. The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called lavender in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color lavender is displayed on page 109, Plate 43, Color Sample C5.
  17. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930 McGraw-Hill Page 197
  18. Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter - toolstudio". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  19. Type the words "African Violet" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  20. Pantone TPX Pantone Color Finder
  21. Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter - toolstudio". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  22. Type the words "Ultra Violet" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  23. Pantone TPX Pantone Color Finder Type the words "Ultra Violet" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear
  24. "Pantone Color of the Year 2018 | Ultra Violet 18-3838". Pantone. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
  25. Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter - toolstudio". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  26. Type the words "Chinese Violet" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear.
  27. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 192; Color Sample of Chinese Violet: Page 107 Plate 42 Color Sample I7
  28. Pantone TPX Pantone Color Finder Type the words "Chinese Violet" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the color will appear
  29. Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN   84-89840-31-8
  30. Forret, Peter. "RGB Color converter - toolstudio". Web.forret.com. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  31. Nagasaki, Seiki. Nihon no dentoshoku : sono shikimei to shikicho, Seigensha, 2001. ISBN   4-916094-53-0
  32. Nihon Shikisai Gakkai. Shinpen shikisai kagaku handobukku, Tokyo Daigaku Shuppankai, 1985. ISBN   4-13-061000-7
  33. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 194; Color Sample of English Violet: Page 111 Plate 44 Color Sample K9
  34. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 194; Color Sample of Russian Violet: Page 111 Plate 44 Color Sample K11