Navy blue

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Navy blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #000080
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 0, 128)
CMYK H (c, m, y, k)(100, 100, 0, 50)
HSV (h, s, v)(240°, 100%, 50%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(13, 52, 266°)
Source HTML/CSS [1]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Navy blue is a very dark shade of the color blue.

French sailor in dark blue uniform French sailor, 1880s.jpg
French sailor in dark blue uniform

Navy blue got its name from the dark blue (contrasted with naval white) worn by officers in the Royal Navy since 1748 and subsequently adopted by other navies around the world. When this color name, taken from the usual color of the uniforms of sailors, originally came into use in the early 19th century, it was initially called marine blue, but the name of the color soon changed to navy blue. [2]

Contents

An early use of navy blue as a color name in English was in 1840 [3] though the Oxford English Dictionary has a citation from 1813.

Variations

Indigo dye

Indigo dye
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #091F92
sRGB B (r, g, b)(9, 31, 146)
HSV (h, s, v)(230°, 94%, 57%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(20, 70, 264°)
SourceGallego and Sanz [4]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Indigo dye is the color that is called Añil (the Spanish word for "indigo dye") in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colorations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a color dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Indigo dye is the basis for all the historical navy blue colors, since in the 18th, 19th, and early 20th century, almost all navy uniforms were made by dyeing them with various shades of indigo dye.

Navy blue (Crayola)
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #0066CC
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 102, 204)
HSV (h, s, v)(210°, 100%, 80%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(44, 93, 255°)
Source Crayola
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The Crayola color named "navy blue" is not as dark a shade as the standard navy blue shown above.

This tone of navy blue was formulated as a Crayola color in 1958.

Peacoat

Peacoat
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #2B2E43
sRGB B (r, g, b)(43, 46, 67)
HSV (h, s, v)(232°, 36%, 26%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(20, 15, 262°)
Source Pantone TCX
ISCC–NBS descriptor Dark purplish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

The source of this color is the "Pantone Textile Cotton eXtended (TCX)" color list, color #19-3920 TCX—Peacoat.

Purple navy

Purple navy
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #4E5180
sRGB B (r, g, b)(78, 81, 128)
HSV (h, s, v)(236°, 39%, 50%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(36, 38, 264°)
Source ISCC-NBS
ISCC–NBS descriptor Moderate purplish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Purple navy is a color that has been used by some navies. "Purple navy" in this color terminology usage is regarded as a shade of indigo, a color which can be regarded as a tone of purple when using the common English definition of purple, i.e., a color between blue and red.

The first recorded use of purple navy as a color name in English was in 1926. [5]

The source of this color is Dictionary of Color Names (1955). [6]

Persian indigo

Persian indigo
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #32127A
sRGB B (r, g, b)(50, 18, 122)
HSV (h, s, v)(258°, 85%, 48%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(18, 56, 272°)
Source /Maerz and Paul [7]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Vivid purplish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Another name for this color (seldom used nowadays) is regimental, because in the 19th century it was commonly used by many nations for navy uniforms.

The first recorded use of regimental (the original name for the color now called Persian indigo) as a color name in English was in 1912. [8]

Space cadet

Space cadet
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #1D2951
sRGB B (r, g, b)(29, 41, 81)
HSV (h, s, v)(226°, 64%, 32%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(18, 29, 259°)
Source Resene
ISCC–NBS descriptor Dark blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Space cadet is one of the colors on the Resene Color List, [9] a color list widely popular in Australia and New Zealand. The color was formulated in 2007.

This color is apparently a formulation of an impression of the color that cadets in space navy training would wear.

In culture

Computers

Navy Blue (HTML)
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Color coordinates
Hex triplet #000080
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 0, 128)
HSV (h, s, v)(240°, 100%, 50%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(13, 52, 266°)
Source
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Military

Music

Sports

Navy blue is used by numerous professional and collegiate sports teams:

See also

Related Research Articles

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of red</span> Varieties of the color red

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of pink</span> Varieties of the color pink

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of purple</span> Variations of the color purple

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References

  1. "CSS Color Module Level 3". w3.org. 19 June 2018.
  2. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930 McGraw-Hill Page 168 Discussion of color navy blue
  3. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 103; Color Sample of Navy blue: Page 131 Plate 40 Color Sample E11
  4. Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN   84-89840-31-8
  5. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 202; Color Sample of Purple Navy: Page 115 Plate 46 Color Sample F12
  6. Foster, John C. "Retsof online version of ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Colo(u)r Names – Oa through Oz". Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  7. The color displayed in the color box above matches the color called regimental in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the color regimental is displayed on page 117, Plate 47, Color Sample C10.
  8. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203 (it is also stated under the entry on Persian Blue on page 201 that the color on Plate 47 Color Sample C10 (regimental) is a [darker] tone of Persian blue.); color sample of Regimental: Page 117 Plate 47 Color Sample C10
  9. Resene Color List
  10. "Canadian Forces Dress Instructions" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2009.
  11. "Diane Renay". Archived from the original on 4 April 2007. Retrieved 30 October 2016.