Sky blue

Last updated

Sky blue
 
Shades of light blue.png
Common connotations
boys, daylight, water, air, paleness
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #87CEEB
sRGB B (r, g, b)(135, 206, 235)
HSV (h, s, v)(197°, 43%, 92%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(79, 46, 223°)
Source X11 color names
ISCC–NBS descriptor Very light greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Sky blue is a colour that resembles that of an unclouded sky around noon (azure) reflecting off a metallic surface. The entry for "sky-blue" in Murray's New English Dictionary (1919) reports a first sighting of the term in the article on "silver" in Ephraim Chambers's Cyclopaedia of 1728. However, many writers had used the term "sky blue" to name a colour before Chambers. For example, we find "sky blue" in A Collection of Voyages and Travels (London: Awnsham and John Churchill, 1704), vol. 2, p. 322, where John Nieuhoff describes certain flowers: "they are of a lovely sky blue colour, and yellow in the middle". The sense of this colour may have been first used in 1585 in a book by Nicolas de Nicolay where he stated "the tulbant [turban] of the merchant must be skie coloured". [1]

Contents

Bright blue sky with clouds Clouds Blue Sky 001.jpg
Bright blue sky with clouds

Displayed at right is the web colour sky blue.

Variations

Celeste

Celeste
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #B2FFFF
sRGB B (r, g, b)(178, 255, 255)
HSV (h, s, v)(180°, 30%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(95, 38, 192°)
SourceS.Fantetti e C.Petracchi (2001).
Il dizionario dei colori:
nomi e valori in quadricromia
.
Zanichelli. ISBN   8808079953.
ISCC–NBS descriptor Very light bluish green
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Celeste (Spanish:  [θeˈleste, se-], Italian:  [tʃeˈlɛste] , English: /sɪˈlɛst/ ) is the colloquial name for the pale turquoise blue colour. In Spanish and Italian, as the name indicates (celestial), it is an attempt to reproduce the colour of clear skies. In English, this colour may also be referred to as Italian sky blue. The Japanese equivalent is known as sora iro or mizuiro, referring to the colour of the sky or its reflection on the sea. [2]

Bleu celeste ("sky blue") is a rarely occurring tincture in heraldry (not being one of the seven main colours or metals or the three "staynard colours"). This tincture is sometimes also called ciel or simply celeste. It is depicted in a lighter shade than the range of shades of the more traditional tincture azure, which is the standard blue used in heraldry. [3]

Gradations

The Italian Wikipedia cites Il dizionario dei colori: nomi e valori in quadricromia by S.Fantetti and C.Petracchi and describes multiple variants of Celeste as shown below, plus details as defined in the infobox above. [4]

colournameCMYKRGBHEX
 celeste (sky blue, heavenly blue)030000000000178255255B2FFFF
 celeste polvere powdery010000000000230255255E6FFFF
 celeste pallido (pale)016000003000204255255CCFFFF
 celeste velato Veiler overcast020010010000204230230CCE6E6
 celeste opaco opaque05002002000012820420480CCCC

Light sky blue

Light sky blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #87CEFA
sRGB B (r, g, b)(135, 206, 250)
HSV (h, s, v)(203°, 46%, 98%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(80, 55, 233°)
Source X11 color names
ISCC–NBS descriptor Brilliant greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the web colour light sky blue. It is close in shade to baby blue.

Medium sky blue

Medium sky blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #80DAEB
sRGB B (r, g, b)(128, 218, 235)
HSV (h, s, v)(190°, 46%, 92%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(82, 46, 210°)
Source Crayola
ISCC–NBS descriptor Very light greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the colour medium sky blue. This is the colour that is called sky blue in Crayola crayons. This colour was formulated by Crayola in 1958.

"Sky blue" appears in the 32, 48, 64, 96 and 120 packs of crayons.

Vivid sky blue

Vivid sky blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #00CCFF
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 204, 255)
HSV (h, s, v)(192°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(76, 78, 226°)
SourceCrayola C.P.
ISCC–NBS descriptor Brilliant greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the colour vivid sky blue.

Deep sky blue

Deep sky blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #00BFFF
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 191, 255)
HSV (h, s, v)(195°, 100%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(73, 83, 234°)
Source X11
ISCC–NBS descriptor Brilliant greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Deep sky blue is an azure-cyan colour associated with deep shade of sky blue.

Deep sky blue is a web colour.

This is the colour on the colour wheel (RGB/HSV colour wheel) halfway between azure and cyan. [5]

The colour name deep sky blue came into use with the promulgation of the X11 color names in 1987.

The normalized colour coordinates for deep sky blue are identical to Capri, which first came into use as a colour name in English in 1920. [6]

Deep sky blue waters of the Blue Grotto in Capri, namesake of the original (and ongoing) name for this colour. Blue Grotto, Capri, Italy.jpg
Deep sky blue waters of the Blue Grotto in Capri, namesake of the original (and ongoing) name for this colour.

French sky blue

French sky blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #77B5FE
sRGB B (r, g, b)(119, 181, 254)
HSV (h, s, v)(212°, 53%, 100%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(72, 74, 247°)
Source Pourpre.com
ISCC–NBS descriptor Brilliant blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

At right is displayed the colour French sky blue, which is the tone of sky blue that is called sky blue (bleu ciel) in the Pourpre.com colour list, a colour list widely popular in France.

Spanish sky blue

Spanish sky blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #00AAE4
sRGB B (r, g, b)(0, 170, 228)
HSV (h, s, v)(195°, 100%, 89%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(65, 75, 234°)
SourceGallego and Sanz [7]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Brilliant greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Spanish sky blue is the colour that is called celeste (the Spanish word for "sky blue") in the Guía de coloraciones (Guide to colourations) by Rosa Gallego and Juan Carlos Sanz, a colour dictionary published in 2005 that is widely popular in the Hispanophone realm.

Dark sky blue

Dark sky blue
 
Gtk-dialog-info.svg    Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #8CBED6
sRGB B (r, g, b)(140, 190, 214)
HSV (h, s, v)(199°, 35%, 84%)
CIELChuv (L, C, h)(74, 36, 225°)
Source Pantone TPX [8]
ISCC–NBS descriptor Light greenish blue
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the colour dark sky blue.

This is the colour called sky blue in Pantone.

The source of this colour is the "Pantone Textile Paper eXtended (TPX)" colour list, color #14-4318 TPX—Sky Blue. [9]

In culture

Sports

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bleu celeste</span> Tincture

Bleu celeste is a rarely occurring and non-standard tincture in heraldry. This tincture is sometimes also called ciel or simply celeste. It is depicted in a lighter shade than the range of shades of the more traditional tincture azure, which is the standard blue used in heraldry.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Navy blue</span> Blueish shade of the color black which almost appears as black

Navy blue is a very dark shade of the color blue.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Azure (color)</span> Bright, cyan-blue colour

Azure is the color between cyan and blue on the spectrum of visible light. It is often described as the color of the sky on a clear day.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fuchsia (color)</span> Color

Fuchsia is a vivid pinkish-purplish-red color, named after the color of the flower of the fuchsia plant, which was named by a French botanist, Charles Plumier, after the 16th-century German botanist Leonhart Fuchs.

Cerulean, also spelled caerulean, is a shade of blue ranging between azure and a darker sky blue.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Viridian</span> Shade of bluish green

Viridian is a blue-green pigment, a hydrated chromium(III) oxide, of medium saturation and relatively dark in value. It is composed of a majority of green, followed by blue. Specifically, it is a shade of spring green, which places the color between green and teal on the color wheel, or, in paint, a tertiary blue–green color. Viridian takes its name from the Latin viridis, meaning "green". The first recorded use of viridian as a color name in English was in the 1860s.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Red-violet</span> Overview of color term

Red-violet refers to a rich color of high medium saturation about 3/4 of the way between red and magenta, closer to magenta than to red. In American English, this color term is sometimes used in color theory as one of the purple colors—a non-spectral color between red and violet that is a deep version of a color on the line of purples on the CIE chromaticity diagram.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carmine (color)</span>

Carmine color is the general term for some deep red colors that are very slightly purplish but are generally slightly closer to red than the color crimson is. Some rubies are colored the color shown below as rich carmine. The deep dark red color shown at right as carmine is the color of the raw unprocessed pigment, but lighter, richer, or brighter colors are produced when the raw pigment is processed, some of which are shown below.

Baby blue is a tint of azure, one of the pastel colors.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Spring green</span> Color

Spring green is a color that was traditionally considered to be on the yellow side of green, but in modern computer systems based on the RGB color model is halfway between cyan and green on the color wheel.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Light blue</span>

The first recorded use of "light blue" as a color term in English is in the year 1915.

In heraldry, azure is the tincture with the colour blue, and belongs to the class of tinctures called "colours". In engraving, it is sometimes depicted as a region of horizontal lines or else is marked with either az. or b. as an abbreviation.
The term azure shares origin with the Spanish word "azul", which refers to the same color, deriving from hispanic Arabic lazawárd the name of the deep blue stone now called lapis lazuli. The word was adopted into Old French by the 12th century, after which the word passed into use in the blazon of coats of arms.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of orange</span> Varieties of the color orange

In optics, orange has a wavelength between approximately 585 and 620 nm and a hue of 30° in HSV color space. In the RGB color space it is a secondary color numerically halfway between gamma-compressed red and yellow, as can be seen in the RGB color wheel. The complementary color of orange is azure. Orange pigments are largely in the ochre or cadmium families, and absorb mostly blue light.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Air Force blue</span> Shades of the colour azure

Air Force blue colours are a variety of colours that are mostly various tones of the colour azure, the purest tones of which are identified as being the colour of the sky on a clear day.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of red</span> Colors that are variations of red

Varieties of the color red may differ in hue, chroma or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a red or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of pink</span> Varieties of the color pink

Pink colors are usually light or desaturated shades of reds, roses, and magentas which are created on computer and television screens using the RGB color model and in printing with the CMYK color model. As such, it is an arbitrary classification of color.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of blue</span> Variety of the color blue

Varieties of the color blue may differ in hue, chroma, or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a blue or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these colors is shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of cyan</span> Varieties of the color cyan

The color cyan, a greenish-blue, has notable tints and shades. It is one of the subtractive primary colors along with magenta, and yellow.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of violet</span> Varieties of the color violet

Violet is a color term derived from the flower of the same name. There are numerous variations of the color violet, a sampling of which are shown below.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shades of azure</span> Color

Azure is a variation of blue that is often described as the color of the sky on a clear day.

References

  1. Cited as 1585 in Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 204; Color Sample of Sky Blue: Page 89 Plate 33 Color Sample E6; the quote is from the English translation of Nicolay's Navigations, peregrinations...faicts en la Turcquie (1577).
  2. Japanese colours
  3. Scott-Giles, C. W. (1958). Boutell's Heraldry (rev. ed.). London & New York: Frederick Warne & Co.
  4. S.Fantetti e C.Petracchi (2001). Il dizionario dei colori: nomi e valori in quadricromia. Zanichelli. ISBN   8808079953.
  5. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Color Sample of Capri: Page 93 Plate 35 Color Sample L7; The color Capri is shown as lying halfway between Cyan and Azure.
  6. Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 191
  7. Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guía de coloraciones (Gallego, Rosa; Sanz, Juan Carlos (2005). Guide to Colorations) Madrid: H. Blume. ISBN   84-89840-31-8
  8. Type the words "Sky Blue" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the colour will appear.
  9. Pantone TPX Pantone Color Finder—Type the words "Sky Blue" into the indicated window on the Pantone Color Finder and the colour will appear:
  10. "Manchester City". Historical Kits. Retrieved 19 November 2020.