India national football team

Last updated

India
The new crest of India national football teams.png
Nickname(s) The Blue Tigers
Association All India Football Federation
Confederation AFC (Asia)
Sub-confederation SAFF (South Asia)
Head coach Igor Štimac [1]
Captain Sunil Chhetri
Most caps Sunil Chhetri (115) [2]
Top scorer Sunil Chhetri (72) [2]
Home stadium Various
FIFA code IND
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body india21h.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks orangetop.png
Kit socks long.svg
First colours
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body india21a.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks orangetop.png
Kit socks long.svg
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 104 Steady2.svg(18 February 2021) [3]
Highest94 [4] (February 1996)
Lowest173 [5] (March 2015)
First international
Pre-independence:
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 5–3 India  British Raj Red Ensign.svg [6]
(Sydney, Australia; 3 September 1938)
Post-independence:
Flag of India.svg  India 1–2 France  Flag of France.svg [7]
(London, England; 31 July 1948)
Biggest win
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 1–7 India  Flag of India.svg
(Sydney, Australia; 12 December 1956) [8]
Flag of India.svg  India 6–0 Cambodia  Flag of Cambodia.svg
(New Delhi, India; 17 August 2007) [9]
Biggest defeat
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 11–1 India  Flag of India.svg
(Moscow, Soviet Union; 16 September 1955) [10]
World Cup
Appearances1 (first in 1950 )
Best resultQualified, (1950) (withdrew)
Summer Olympics
Appearances4 (first in 1948 )
Best resultSemi-finals, (1956)
Asian Cup
Appearances4 (first in 1964 )
Best resultRunners-up, (1964)
Asian Games
Appearances11 (first in 1951 )
Best resultChampions, (1951, 1962)
SAFF Championship
Appearances12 (first in 1993 )
Best resultChampions, (1993, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2009, 2011, 2015)
Website the-aiff.com (in English)

The India national football team represents India in international football and is controlled by the All India Football Federation (AIFF). The squad is under the global jurisdiction of FIFA and governed in Asia by the AFC. The AIFF is one of the founding members of the South Asian Football Federation (SAFF) and the squad is also a part of the regional federation.

Contents

The team, which was once considered one of the best teams in Asia, had its golden era during the 1950s and early 1960s. [11] During this period, under the coaching of Syed Abdul Rahim, India won gold during the 1951 and 1962 Asian Games, while finishing fourth at the 1956 Summer Olympics. India has never participated in the FIFA World Cup, although they did qualify by default for the 1950 World Cup after all other nations in their qualification group withdrew. However, India withdrew prior to the beginning of the tournament due to absence of their football boots. The team has also appeared four times in the AFC Asian Cup, Asia's top football championship and finished as runners-up in 1964. India also participates in the SAFF Championship, the top regional football competition in South Asia. They have won the tournament seven times since it began in 1993 and by doing so became the most successful team in the region.

In the 21st century, besides the SAFF Championship triumphs, under the guidance of Bob Houghton, India also won the 2008 AFC Challenge Cup. The Challenge Cup victory allowed India to once again qualify for the Asian Cup after 27 years.

History

Early years (1938–1940s)

India side that participated in the 1948 Summer Olympics match against France India national team at Olympics 1948.jpg
India side that participated in the 1948 Summer Olympics match against France

Football teams consisting of entirely Indian players started to tour Australia, Japan, Indonesia, and Thailand during the late 1930s. After the success of several Indian football clubs abroad, the All India Football Federation (AIFF) was formed in 1937. The national team played their first match as an independent nation in 1948 in the first round of the 1948 Summer Olympics against France. Using mainly barefooted players, India were defeated 2–1 in London. [12]

Golden years (1950s–1960s)

In 1950, India managed to qualify for the 1950 FIFA World Cup, which was scheduled to take place in Brazil. This was due to the withdrawal of all their opponents during qualifying round from the travel costs, lack of practice time, and valuing the Olympics more than the World Cup. [13]

Despite the reason given out by the AIFF, many historians and pundits believe India withdrew from the World Cup due to FIFA imposing a rule banning players from playing barefoot. [14] [15] However, according to the then captain of India, Sailen Manna, the story of the team not being allowed to play due to wanting to play barefoot was not true [16] and was just an excuse to cover up the real reasons the AIFF decided not to travel to Brazil. [13] Since then, India has not come close to qualifying for another World Cup. [17]

Despite not participating in the World Cup in 1950, the following years until 1964 are usually considered to be the "golden era" of Indian football. India, coached by Hyderabad City Police head coach Syed Abdul Rahim, became one of the best teams in Asia. [18] In March 1951, Rahim led India to their first ever triumph during the 1951 Asian Games. Hosted in India, the team defeated Iran 1–0 in the gold medal match to gain their first trophy. [19] Sahu Mewalal scored the winning goal for India in that match. [19] The next year India went back to the Olympics but were once again defeated in the first round, this time by Yugoslavia and by a heavy score of 10–1. [20] Upon returning to India, the AIFF made it mandatory for footballers to wear boots. [12] After taking the defeat in Finland, India participated in various minor tournaments, such as the Colombo Cup, which they won four times from 1952 to 1955. [21]

In 1954, India returned to the Asian Games as defending champions in Manila. Despite their achievement three years prior, India was unable to go past the group stage as the team finished second in Group C during the tournament, two points behind Indonesia. [22] Two years later, during the 1956 Summer Olympics, India went on to achieve the team's greatest result in a competitive tournament. The team finished in fourth place during the Summer Olympics football tournament, losing the bronze-medal match to Bulgaria 3–0. [23] The tournament is also known for Neville D'Souza's hat-trick against Australia in the quarterfinals. D'Souza's hat-trick was the first scored by an Asian in Olympic history. [23]

After their good performance during the Summer Olympics, India participated in the 1958 Asian Games in Tokyo. The team once again finished fourth, losing the bronze-medal match to Indonesia 4–1. [24] The next year the team traveled to Malaysia where they took part in the Merdeka Cup and finished as the tournament runners-up. [25]

India began the 1960s with the 1960 AFC Asian Cup qualifiers. Despite the qualifiers for the West Zone being held in Kochi, India finished last in their qualification group and thus missed out the tournament. [26] Despite the set-back, India went on to win the gold medal during the Asian Games for the second time in 1962. The team defeated South Korea 2–1 to win their second major championship. [27]

Two years later, following their Asian Games triumph, India participated in the 1964 AFC Asian Cup after all the other teams in their qualification group withdrew. Despite their automatic entry into the continental tournament, India managed to finish as the runners-up during the tournament, losing out to the hosts, Israel, by two points. This remains India's best performance in the AFC Asian Cup. [28]

Decline (1970s–2000)

India returned to the Asian Games in 1966. Despite their performance two years prior during the AFC Asian Cup, India could not go beyond the group stage as the team finished third, behind Japan and Iran. [29] Four years later, during the 1970 Asian Games, India came back and took third place during the tournament. The team defeated Japan 1–0 during the bronze-medal match. [30]

In 1974, India's performance in the Asian Games once again sharply declined as they finished the 1974 edition in last place in their group, losing all three matches, scoring two, and conceding 14 goals in the first round. [31] India then showed steady improvement during the 1978 tournament, finishing second in their group of three. The team were then knocked-out in the next round, finishing last in their group with three defeats from three matches. [32] The 1982 tournament proved to be better for India as the side managed to qualify for the quarter-finals before losing to Saudi Arabia 1–0. [33]

In 1984, India managed to qualify for the AFC Asian Cup for the first time since their second place triumph in 1964. During the 1984 tournament, India finished in last place in their five team group in the first round. [34] India's only non-defeat during the tournament came against Iran, a 0–0 draw. [34]

Despite India's decline from a major football power in Asia, the team still managed to assert its dominance as the top team in South Asia. India managed to win the football competition of the South Asian Games in 1985 and then again won the gold medal in 1987. [35] The team then began the 1990s by winning the inaugural SAFF Championship in 1993. [36] The team ended the 20th century by winning the SAFF Championship again in 1997 and 1999. [36]

Resurgence (2001–2011)

Sunil Chhetri celebrating after scoring during the 2008 AFC Challenge Cup Sunil Chhetri (2008 AFC Challenge Cup).jpg
Sunil Chhetri celebrating after scoring during the 2008 AFC Challenge Cup

India's first competitive matches of the 21st century were the 2002 FIFA World Cup first round qualifiers. India took a very bright start, defeating the United Arab Emirates 1–0, drawing Yemen 1–1, as well as two victories over Brunei, including a 5–0 victory in Bangalore. However, they finished a point away from qualification for the next round. [37] In 2003, India took part in the 2003 SAFF Championship. The team qualified for the semi-finals but fell to Bangladesh 2–1. [38]

Later in 2003, India participated in the Afro-Asian Games being held in Hyderabad. Under the coaching of Stephen Constantine, India managed to make it to the final of the tournament after defeating Zimbabwe, a team ranked 85 places above India in the FIFA rankings at the time, 5–3. [39] Despite the major victory, during the gold-medal match India were defeated 1–0 by Uzbekistan U21. [40] Because of this achievement, Constantine was voted as the Asian Football Confederation's Manager of the Month for October 2003. The tournament result also gave India more recognition around the country and around the world. [39]

India celebrating after winning the 2008 AFC Challenge Cup TeamInd.jpg
India celebrating after winning the 2008 AFC Challenge Cup

Constantine was replaced by Syed Nayeemuddin in 2005 but the Indian head coach only lasted for a little over a year as India suffered many heavy defeats during the 2007 AFC Asian Cup qualifiers. [41] During this time India were defeated 6–0 by Japan, 3–0 by Saudi Arabia and Yemen respectively at home, and 7–1 away in Jeddah. [42] Former Malmö and China coach Bob Houghton was brought in as head coach in May 2006. [43]

Under Houghton, India witnessed massive improvement in their football standing. In August 2007, Houghton won the country the restarted Nehru Cup after India defeated Syria 1–0 in the final. [44] Pappachen Pradeep scored the winning goal for India that match. The next year, Houghton led India during the 2008 AFC Challenge Cup, which was hosted in Hyderabad and Delhi. During the tournament, India breezed through the group stage before defeating Myanmar in the semi-finals. In the final against Tajikistan, India, through a Sunil Chhetri hat-trick, won the match 4–1. The victory not only earned India the championship but it also allowed India to qualify for the 2011 AFC Asian Cup, the nation's first Asian Cup appearance in 27 years. [45] In order to prepare for the Asian Cup, Houghton had the team stay together as a squad for eight months from June 2010 till the start of the tournament, meaning the players would not play for their clubs. [46]

India were drawn into Group C for the Asian Cup with Australia, South Korea, and Bahrain. [47] Even though they stayed together as a team for eight months, India lost all three of their matches during the Asian Cup, including a 4–0 defeat to Australia. [48] Despite the results, India were praised by fans and pundits for their valiant efforts during the tournament. [48]

2011–present

After participating the 2011 AFC Asian Cup, India's campaign to qualify for the 2015 Asian Cup began in February 2011 with the AFC Challenge Cup qualifiers. Bob Houghton decided to change the makeup of the India squad, replacing many of the older players from the Asian Cup with some young players from the AIFF development side in the I-League, Indian Arrows. [49] Even with a young side, India managed to qualify for the AFC Challenge Cup. [50] Despite qualifying for the AFC Challenge Cup, the AIFF decided to terminate the contract of Bob Houghton as he was charged with racial abuse towards referee [51] [52] which ultimately resulted him resigning as the head coach of India. [53] [54]

After having Dempo coach Armando Colaco as interim head coach, the AIFF signed Savio Medeira as head coach in October 2011. [55] Medeira led India to another SAFF Championship victory, but also to their worst performance in the AFC Challenge Cup in March 2012. The team lost all three of their group matches, unable to score a single goal during the tournament. [56] After the tournament, Medeira was replaced as head coach by Dutchman, Wim Koevermans. [57] Koevermans' first job as head coach was the 2012 Nehru Cup. India won their third successive Nehru Cup, defeating Cameroon's B side on penalties. [58]

In March 2013, India failed to qualify for the 2014 AFC Challenge Cup and thus also failed to qualify for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup. [59] The team also failed to retain the SAFF Championship, losing 2–0 to Afghanistan in the 2013 final. [60] After more bad results in friendlies, Koevermans resigned as head coach in October 2014. [61]

By March 2015, after not playing any matches, India reached their lowest FIFA ranking position of 173. [62] A couple months prior, Stephen Constantine was re-hired as the head coach after first leading India more than a decade before. [63] Constantine's first major assignment back as the India head coach were the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifiers. After making it through the first round of qualifiers, India crashed out during the second round, losing seven of their eight matches and thus, once again, failed to qualify for the World Cup. [64]

India playing XI against Thailand at 2019 AFC Asian Cup India NT at 2019 AFC Asian Cup.jpg
India playing XI against Thailand at 2019 AFC Asian Cup

Despite failure to qualify for the World Cup, India managed to reach the third round of 2019 AFC Asian Cup qualifiers after defeating Laos in the play-off round on aggregate 7–1. [65] On 11 October 2017, India secured qualification for the 2019 AFC Asian Cup after a 4–1 victory over Macau. [66]

Though defeated at 2018 SAFF Championship final by 1–2 to Maldives in September 2018, [67] India regained the momentum with some friendlies against China, Jordan and Oman as they began the 2019 AFC Asian Cup with a 4–1 victory against Thailand; this was their biggest ever win at the Asia Cup, and their first in 55 years. [68] [69] Nevertheless, they lost both of their next two group matches against UAE and Bahrain by 0−2 and 0−1 respectively [70] [71] and finished at the bottom of the group, thus failed to move to knock out stage. [72] Stephen Constantine immediately resigned from his position as head coach following the failure to progress further in the tournament. [73]

On 15 May 2019, the AIFF announced former Croatian player Igor Štimac as the team's head coach after the departure of Stephen Constantine. [74] His first major campaign with India was 2022 World Cup qualification, with a 1–2 home loss to Oman. [75] But in the second match they earned a respectable point after managing a goalless draw against the 2019 Asian Champion and 2022 FIFA World Cup host Qatar. [76] However in the third match, the home leg against Bangladesh, they only managed a 1−1 draw. [77] A similar result was repeated in the away leg against Afghanistan. [78] In the next match, the away leg against Oman, India lost by a solitary goal. [79]

Kit and colours

India national team jerseys with different shades of blue used in different occasions. India NT Jersey Blue shades.jpg
India national team jerseys with different shades of blue used in different occasions.

The success of the India cricket team and field hockey teams in blue jerseys made the colour more prominent. The football team, however, has used some sort of shade of blue for decades. [80]

At the turn of the 21st century, India wore a sky blue shirt with black shorts and sky blue socks as their kit. [80] In 2002, the All India Football Federation signed a deal with German manufacturer Adidas to produce the India kit. [81] The first kit made by Adidas was all-white. [81] After four years with Adidas, the AIFF signed an agreement for seven years with American company Nike on 27 February 2006. [82] Nike's first kits for India were in darker blue while the away kit was changed from white to orange. [83] For the 2011 AFC Asian Cup, in which India were participating, Nike designed India's kit using the same template it used for other national teams such as Brazil. [84] In January 2013. it was announced that the AIFF's deal with Nike was extended for an extra five years.[ citation needed ] In September 2017, prior to the India U17 side's participation in the FIFA U-17 World Cup, Nike unveiled an all sky blue kit for the India senior and youth teams. [85] A year later, on 17 December 2018, it was announced that Indian manufacturer SIX5SIX would replace Nike as India's kit maker. [86] In becoming India's new kit makers, Six5Six also became the first manufacturer to pay for the rights to produce India kits, after both Nike and Adidas didn't pay. [86] Six5Six unveiled their first jerseys for the team before the 2019 AFC Asian Cup, [87] from which the home colour had a similar sky blue shade and the away colour was changed to white from orange. Both jerseys had a unique design embellished on the sleeves representing tiger stripes to pay homage to the Indian football fans, who affectionately calls the team "Blue Tigers". [88]

Home stadiums

Salt lake Stadium, Kolkata.jpg
IndiavsSyria Nehru Cup-2007.jpg

Numerous venues around India have hosted home matches for the national team. There is no specific home ground for the India national team. India matches have been played at stadiums such as the Salt Lake Stadium in Kolkata, the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Delhi, the Fatorda Stadium in Margao, the Sree Kanteerava Stadium in Bangalore, the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Kochi, the Mumbai Football Arena in Mumbai, the Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium in Guwahati and the EKA Arena in Ahmedabad. [89] [90] [91] [92] [93]

In recent times, competitions like 2011 SAFF Championship and 2012 Nehru Cup were held at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Delhi, the 2015 SAFF Championship at Trivandrum International Stadium, 2017 Hero Tri-Nation Series & 2018 Intercontinental Cup at Mumbai Football Arena and 2019 Intercontinental Cup at the EKA Arena. Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium, Sree Kanteerava Stadium and Fatorda stadium have seen AFC Asian Cup and FIFA World Cup qualifiers. [94] [95] [96] [97] [98] [99] [100]

Supporters

Blue Pilgrims, 2018, displaying tri-colour and their banners Blue Pilgrims at Mumbai 2018 to support India national football team.jpg
Blue Pilgrims, 2018, displaying tri-colour and their banners

Till the 21st century, the Indian football fans were mostly scattered, being widely based in West Bengal, North-East India, Goa and Kerala. [101] [102] [103] [104] [105] Other than matches in Asian Games, Nehru Cup or SAFF Championship, [106] [107] [108] the crowd showed up in small numbers when the team played as the fans were not organised under any single banner as happens in Europe or South America. Fans of different clubs used to support the team in their respective local venues but were not grouped together to support a single cause, that of the national team, until 2017 when "Blue Pilgrims" was established as the first organised fan club for the national team. [109] [110] [111] [112]

The Blue Pilgrims formed with a motive to support the national team and the U-17 team during the historic 2017 U17 World Cup, [113] India's first ever FIFA competition participation. Started with 300 odd fans, [114] [113] now they are in thousands as a unification of fans from different regions with different allegiances came together for just one cause, the Blue Tigers. [109] [110] They call themselves the devotees of the Blue Tigers, [110] [111] and their motto is to support India national football teams of all gender and age, wherever they play [109] [110] and for such dedication they are called as the 12th man of the team. [114] [113]

The 3D Blue Tiger tifo displayed by Blue Pilgrims in June 2018 BlueTiger tifo BluePilgrims 2018.jpg
The 3D Blue Tiger tifo displayed by Blue Pilgrims in June 2018

The Blue Pilgrims's most common chants are: "Oh India!", "In Unity we stand", "Oh India we stand for you!", "Vande Mataram". [115] [116] Their sports anthems are "Oh when the blues go marching in, I wanna be in that number!" and "Hum honge kaamyab" (We shall overcome). [114] Since its formation, the Blue Pilgrims use to celebrate after every match with Viking clap with the national team members. [117] [118] Fans of the India national team display the country's tricolour National flag and also wear blue jerseys in solidarity with the team. They used to display their banner Blue Pilgrims along with "Inquilab-e-Indian football" (Revolution of Indian football) [109] [110] [119] and often shout their common slogan, We love you, wherever you go, we follow!". [115] On 2 June 2018, the then captain Sunil Chhetri posted a video on social media. In his video he urged the fans to come out at Mumbai to support the team after a poor crowd appearance of only 2569 at a match against Chinese Taipei in the 2018 Intercontinental Cup. India achieved a massive victory in that match, winning by 5−0 with Chhetri scoring a hat-trick, but there were very few people present to celebrate. [120] [121] Responding to the captain's call, the Blue Pilgrims and football supporters made sure that the stadiums were full during the next few matches. [121] [122] In the final of that tournament, the Blue Pilgrims displayed a 30 ft (9.1 m) tall 3D tifo of a Blue Tiger, the first ever in the team's history. [117] [123] [124]

Head coaches

Since India's independence, there have been twenty-nine different head coaches for the national team, out of which eleven foreign. The most successful head coach for India was Syed Abdul Rahim, who led India to gold in both the 1951 and 1962 Asian Games while also achieving a fourth-place finish during the 1956 Summer Olympics. The most successful foreign head coaches for India were Bob Houghton and Stephen Constantine; both of them helped the team to qualify for AFC Asian Cup. With Houghton in charge from 2006 to 2011, [125] India won the Nehru Cup twice and the AFC Challenge Cup in 2008 which allowed India to participate in their first AFC Asian Cup for 27 years. [125] Since Houghton resigned as India team Head coach in 2011, the Indian national team's FIFA ranking touched its lowest at 173 in the team history in March 2015, [126] [127] but Constantine, who was appointed for the second time as the head coach of India, [128] [129] revived the Indian team from its meagre condition. Under him, the team remained unbeaten for two years from June 2016 to March 2018 winning 11 matches and drawn 2 matches, [130] [131] which helped them to qualify for 2019 AFC Asian Cup after 8 years since Houghton left. [132] He also helped the team to reach a better FIFA ranking of 96 in July 2017, which was the best in last 21 years. [126] [127]

Syed Abdul Rahim, the most successful Indian coach for the national team Syed Abdul Rahim, India Football Coach.jpg
Syed Abdul Rahim, the most successful Indian coach for the national team
Stephen Constantine, one of the most successful foreign coaches for the national team (2015-2019) Iran vs. India - 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification, Stephen Constantine.jpg
Stephen Constantine, one of the most successful foreign coaches for the national team (2015-2019)
List of head coaches of India

Current technical staff

NameRole
Flag of Croatia.svg Igor Stimac Head Coach
Flag of India.svg Shanmugam Venkatesh Assistant Coach
Flag of Croatia.svg Luka RadmanFitness Coach
Flag of Croatia.svg Tomislav RogicGoalkeeping Coach
Flag of Romania.svg Doru Issac Technical Director

Players

Current squad

The following 23 players were named in the final squad for the 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification match against Oman on 19 November 2019. [188]
Caps and goals are correct as of 19 November 2019 after the match against Oman.

No.Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClub
11 GK Gurpreet Singh Sandhu (1992-02-03) 3 February 1992 (age 29)380 Flag of India.svg Bengaluru
131 GK Dheeraj Singh Moirangthem (2000-07-04) 4 July 2000 (age 20)00 Flag of India.svg Goa
231 GK Amrinder Singh (1993-05-27) 27 May 1993 (age 27)50 Flag of India.svg Mumbai City

22 DF Rahul Bheke (1990-12-06) 6 December 1990 (age 30)90 Flag of India.svg Bengaluru
32 DF Sarthak Golui (1997-11-03) 3 November 1997 (age 23)40 Flag of India.svg East Bengal
42 DF Narender Gahlot (2001-04-24) 24 April 2001 (age 19)31 Flag of India.svg Jamshedpur
52 DF Nishu Kumar (1997-11-05) 5 November 1997 (age 23)21 Flag of India.svg Kerala Blasters
62 DF Adil Khan (1988-07-07) 7 July 1988 (age 32)111 Flag of India.svg Goa
202 DF Pritam Kotal (1993-09-08) 8 September 1993 (age 27)360 Flag of India.svg ATK Mohun Bagan
222 DF Anas Edathodika (1987-02-15) 15 February 1987 (age 34)210 Flag of India.svg Unattached, ATK ("Former club")

73 MF Anirudh Thapa (1998-01-15) 15 January 1998 (age 23)242 Flag of India.svg Chennaiyin
83 MF Sahal Abdul Samad (1997-04-01) 1 April 1997 (age 23)90 Flag of India.svg Kerala Blasters
103 MF Brandon Fernandes (1994-09-20) 20 September 1994 (age 26)70 Flag of India.svg Goa
143 MF Lallianzuala Chhangte (1997-06-08) 8 June 1997 (age 23)114 Flag of India.svg Chennaiyin
153 MF Udanta Singh (1996-06-14) 14 June 1996 (age 24)271 Flag of India.svg Bengaluru
173 MF Mandar Rao Dessai (1992-03-18) 18 March 1992 (age 28)50 Flag of India.svg Mumbai City
183 MF Ashique Kuruniyan (1997-06-17) 17 June 1997 (age 23)161 Flag of India.svg Bengaluru
193 MF Vinit Rai (1997-10-11) 11 October 1997 (age 23)110 Flag of India.svg Odisha
213 MF Pronay Halder (1993-02-25) 25 February 1993 (age 28)201 Flag of India.svg ATK Mohun Bagan

94 FW Manvir Singh (1995-11-07) 7 November 1995 (age 25)143 Flag of India.svg ATK Mohun Bagan
114 FW Sunil Chhetri (Captain) (1984-08-03) 3 August 1984 (age 36)11572 Flag of India.svg Bengaluru
124 FW Farukh Choudhary (1996-11-08) 8 November 1996 (age 24)100 Flag of India.svg Jamshedpur
164 FW Seiminlen Doungel (1994-01-03) 3 January 1994 (age 27)31 Flag of India.svg Jamshedpur

Recent call-ups

The following footballers were part of a national selection in the past 12 months, but are not part of the current squad.

Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClubLatest call-up
GK Kamaljit Singh (1995-12-28) 28 December 1995 (age 25)00 Flag of India.svg Odisha 2022 FIFA WC qualifier squad, October 2019

DF Subhasish Bose (1995-08-18) 18 August 1995 (age 25)180 Flag of India.svg ATK Mohun Bagan v. Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan , 14 November 2019
DF Sandesh Jhingan (1993-07-21) 21 July 1993 (age 27)364 Flag of India.svg ATK Mohun Bagan v. Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar , 10 September 2019 INJ
DF Jerry Lalrinzuala (1998-07-30) 30 July 1998 (age 22)90 Flag of India.svg Chennaiyin v. Flag of Syria.svg  Syria , 16 July 2019

MF Raynier Fernandes (1996-02-22) 22 February 1996 (age 25)30 Flag of India.svg Mumbai City v. Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh , 15 October 2019
MF Nikhil Poojari (1995-09-03) 3 September 1995 (age 25)81 Flag of India.svg Hyderabad v. Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar , 10 September 2019
MF Rowllin Borges (1992-06-05) 5 June 1992 (age 28)332 Flag of India.svg Mumbai City v. Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar , 10 September 2019 INJ
MF Amarjit Singh Kiyam (2001-01-06) 6 January 2001 (age 20)50 Flag of India.svg Jamshedpur v. Flag of Syria.svg  Syria , 16 July 2019 INJ

FW Balwant Singh (1986-12-15) 15 December 1986 (age 34)113 Flag of India.svg East Bengal 2022 FIFA WC qualifier squad, October 2019
FW Jobby Justin (1993-11-10) 10 November 1993 (age 27)30 Flag of India.svg ATK Mohun Bagan v. Flag of Syria.svg  Syria , 16 July 2019

PRE = Preliminary squad
INJ = Injured

Notable

Postal stamp issued in 1998, to honour Gostha Pal Gostha Pal 1998 stamp of India.jpg
Postal stamp issued in 1998, to honour Gostha Pal

During the early 20th century, India produced one of the best footballers from Asia at that time, Gostha Pal. Pal began playing professional football at the age of 16 in 1911, becoming India's first captain, and was considered one of the best defenders India had ever produced. He was also the first footballer to be awarded Padma Shree in the year 1962, [189] and in 1998, the Government of India introduced a postal stamp in his honour. [190] [191] In the later 1930s, players like R. Lumsden, Noor Mohammed, T. Rahim, K. Prosad, A. Nandi under the leadership of Karuna Bhattacharya played for India who scored a total of 56 goals in 17 matches during the 1938 Australia tour out of which 5 matches were against Australia, where Lumsden scored the first international hat-trick for India. [192] [193]

Postal stamp issued in 2018, to honour Talimeren Ao Talimeren Ao 2018 stamp of India.jpg
Postal stamp issued in 2018, to honour Talimeren Ao

India's first captain after the country gained independence was Talimeren Ao. At a very young age, using footballs made out of rags, Ao gradually improved his skills as a defensive midfielder. He was given the responsibility of leading the team at the 1948 Olympics, India's first major tournament [194] [195] and also was the flag bearer of Indian contingents in London. [196] Also during this era, India produced Sailen Manna, one of the country's best defenders. [197] He was given the India captaincy in 1951 during the Asian Games, led the team to the Gold Medal, India's first major internationally honour, [197] and also captained the team during the 1952 Olympics and 1954 Asian Games. [197] In 1953, England Football Association rated Manna among "10 Best Skippers of the World" in its yearbook, [198] the Government of India awarded him Padma Shri in 1971 [189] and AIFF honoured him as "AIFF Player-of-the-Millennium" in 2000. [197]

During India's golden era between the 1950s and early 60s, the country produced coveted strikers such as Sheoo Mewalal, Neville D'Souza, Chuni Goswami and Tulsidas Balaram. Mewalal was India's starting striker during the 1948 Olympics, 1952 Olympics and 1951 Asian games where he ended as the tournament top goalscorer with four goals. [199] [200] Mewalal was the first Indian player to score a hat-trick since the country gained independence when he scored it against Burma during the 1952 Colombo Cup. [201] D'Souza meanwhile became the first Asian player to score a hat-trick at the Olympic Games, [202] scoring a hat-trick against Australia during the 1956 Olympics. [203] D'Souza also tied for top goalscorer in that edition of the Olympics, which helped India reach the semi-finals. [204] Goswami represented India at the 1958 Asian Games and the 1960 Olympics, and captained the side during the 1962 Asian Games and the 1964 Asian Cup. [205] He was bestowed with Padma Shri by the Government of India and AFC honoured him as "Best Striker of Asia" in 1962. [206]

P. K. Banerjee, a winger who represented India at the 1956 Olympics and later captained the side during the 1960 Olympics, was named as the best "Indian player of the 20th Century". [207] Peter Thangaraj was the starting goalkeeper for India during the later stage of India's golden era, being named as best "Indian keeper of the 20th Century" by IFFHS. [207] P. K. Banerjee was honoured with Padma Shri by Government of India in 1990, and in 2004 FIFA bestowed him with "FIFA Centennial Order of Merit" Award, the highest honour awarded by FIFA. [208] [209]

From the 1970s to the 2000s, India saw a decline in their results. Despite the lack of tournament victories, the country managed to produce players like Syed Nayeemuddin who led India to bronze at the 1970 Asian Games. [210] During the 1990s, I. M. Vijayan, India's best player at the time, was capped 66 times for India while scoring 29 goals and captaining the team several times. [211]

In 1995, Bhaichung Bhutia debuted for India. With Bhutia, India qualified for the AFC Asian Cup after a drought of 27 years. [212] He was the captain of the team for over ten years. [213] [214] [215] Considered one of the greatest footballers of India, he is the second-most-capped player of India with 82 caps and scored 27 times for India. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 2008 [189] and IFFHS listed him among the legendary players of football in 2016. [216] Under Bhutia's captaincy Sunil Chhetri debuted for India who is now the only footballer in India's history to have played 100 international matches and is the all-time highest goal-scorer of India. [217] [218] Chhetri has led the national team to many victories, most importantly qualifying for the AFC Asian Cup and under his leadership the team achieved its highest FIFA ranking of 96 after twentyone years. [126] [127] His goal-scoring ability and skills made him the only Indian striker to score three hat-tricks for India. [219] [220] [221]

Results and fixtures

The following is a list of match results in the last 12 months, as well as any future matches that have been scheduled.

2019

14 November 2019 (2019-11-14) 2022 AFC WC Q Afghanistan  Flag of Afghanistan.svg1−1Flag of India.svg  India Dushanbe, Tajikistan
19:30 IST Nazary Soccerball shade.svg 45+1' FIFA AIFF Doungel Soccerball shade.svg 90+3'Stadium: Central Republican Stadium
Attendance: 8,100
Referee: Yu Ming-hsun (Chinese Taipei)
19 November 2019 (2019-11-19) 2022 AFC WC Q Oman  Flag of Oman.svg1–0Flag of India.svg  India Muscat, Oman
20:30 IST Al-Ghassani Soccerball shade.svg 33' FIFA AIFF Stadium: Sultan Qaboos Sports Complex
Attendance: 24,250
Referee: Nivon Robesh Gamini (Sri Lanka)

2021

25 March 2021 (2021-03-25) Friendly Oman  Flag of Oman.svgvFlag of India.svg  India Dubai, United Arab Emirates
29 March 2021 (2021-03-29) Friendly United Arab Emirates  Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svgvFlag of India.svg  India Dubai, United Arab Emirates
3 June 2021 (2021-06-03) 2022 AFC WC Q India  Flag of India.svgvFlag of Qatar.svg  Qatar Bhubaneswar, India
19:30 IST FIFA Stadium: Kalinga Stadium
7 June 2021 (2021-06-07) 2022 AFC WC Q Bangladesh  Flag of Bangladesh.svgvFlag of India.svg  India Dhaka, Bangladesh
FIFA Stadium: Bangabandhu National Stadium
15 June 2021 (2021-06-15) 2022 AFC WC Q India  Flag of India.svgvFlag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan Kolkata, India
FIFA Stadium: Salt Lake Stadium

Competitive record

FIFA World Cup

India has never played in finals of a FIFA World Cup. [222] Though after gaining independence in 1947, India managed to qualify for the World Cup held in 1950. This was due to Myanmar, Indonesia, and the Philippines withdrawing from qualification. [222] However, prior to the start of the tournament, India themselves withdrew due to the expenses required in getting the team to Brazil. [222] Other reasons cited for why India withdrew include FIFA not allowing Indian players to play in the tournament barefoot and the All India Football Federation not considering the World Cup an important tournament compared to the Olympics. [222]

After withdrawing from the 1950 FIFA World Cup, India did not enter the qualifying rounds of the tournament between 1954 and 1982. [223] Since the 1986 qualifiers, with the exception of the 1990 edition of the tournament, the team started to participate in qualifiers but has yet to qualify for the tournament again. [223]

AFC Asian Cup

India has qualified for the AFC Asian Cup four times. The team played their first Asian Cup in 1964. The team managed to qualify following other nations' refusal to play against India due to political reasons. [224] [225] India managed to finish the tournament as runners-up to hosts Israel, with Inder Singh finishing as joint top-scorer. [225] Since then India has failed to progress beyond the first round of the Asian Cup with their participation at the 1984 [226] and 2011 Asian Cups, [227] and most recently the 2019 Asian Cup. [72]

Summer Olympics

Talimeren Ao, leading India out at Cricklefield Stadium to play against France India vs france 31st july 1948 team arriving.jpg
Talimeren Ao, leading India out at Cricklefield Stadium to play against France

India competed in four straight Olympic football tournaments between 1948 and 1960. Their sole 1948 Olympics match against France was also India's first ever international match since the country gained independence in 1947. [12] During the match, a majority of the Indian side played barefoot. [12] The match ended in a 2–1 defeat, with Sarangapani Raman scoring the lone goal for India. [12] India then returned to the Olympics four years later where they took on Yugoslavia in the preliminary rounds. The team suffered a 10–1 defeat, India's largest margin of defeat, and were knocked out. [228]

Four years later, during the 1956 Olympics, India managed to reach the semi-finals and finish fourth. After India's first round opponents, Hungary, withdrew from the tournament, the team played against hosts Australia in the quarter-finals. A Neville D'Souza hat-trick, the first by an Asian footballer in the Olympics, helped India win 4–2. [229] However, in the semi-finals, India once again suffered defeat against Yugoslavia, going down 4–1. In the bronze medal match, India were defeated 3–0 by Bulgaria. [229]

In 1960, India competed in Group D with Hungary, France and Peru. India ended the group in last place, drawing once. [230] India have since failed to qualify for another Olympic games.

Asian Games

India competed in eleven Asian Games starting from 1951 to 1998 except the 1990 and 1994 editions. [231] In 1951 Asiad India won their first match against Indonesia in the first round and then defeated Japan in semi-final and went on to win against Iran in the final infront of the home crowd. The achievement of the Indian team was a special one as they became the first ever Asian Games gold medalists and also the first ever Asian champions. [232] Though the next two tournaments proved less successful for the team, but they bounced back by winning the gold at the 1962 Asian games by defeating the Asian Cup winners South Korea in the final to win their second continental title. The team failed to defend their title in 1966 and went on to claim the bronze medal in 1970. [233] This was the last time India ever finished on the medal podium, the next years proved to be hard for the Indian team to regain their dominance as the side went through a sharp decline. [234] After two disappointing editions in 1974 and 1978, India performed much better in the 1982 Asiad, which they hosted for the second time by reaching the quarter-finals but lost to Saudi Arabia. Due to the Poor performance in 1986 Asian Games the authorities decided not to send the team for the upcoming games. [235] The team made their return in 1998.

SAFF Championship

India has played in all twelve editions of the SAFF Championship and has been the most successful team in the competition winning an overall seven titles. [236] The team played in knockout stage of every tournament except in 1993 where the tournament was in a league format. [237] The team also boasts a prestigious record of claiming medal at every championships played so far. India has played in the final of every championship except the 2003 tournament where they claimed bronze medal for the first time. [238] India also boasts several records such as the team has scored the most goals, conceded least amount of goals, registered most number of wins, least number of draws and least number of defeats than any other team in the competition's history. [239]

AFC Challenge Cup

India has participated in AFC Challenge Cup four time [240] .The tournament was originally created for countries categorized as emerging association, though India was invited to take part by AFC along with other developing association countries. [241] The team won the 2008 AFC Challenge Cup and qualified to the Asian Cup after 27 years. [242] [243]

South Asian Games

India has participated in every editions of every edition of senior football competition at the South Asian Games except in 1984.They are one of the most successful team in the history of the competition. [244] The team emerged as champions at the 1985, 1987 and 1995.They also took home silver in 1993 and bronze medals in 1989 and 1995. [245]

See also

Related Research Articles

All India Football Federation Governing body of Association football in India

The All India Football Federation, simply known as the AIFF, is the governing body of association football in India. Formed in 1937, the federation was one of the founding members of the Asian Football Confederation, the overseer of football in Asia.

Sunil Chhetri Indian footballer

Sunil Chhetri is an Indian professional footballer who plays as a striker or winger and captains both the Indian Super League side Bengaluru FC and the Indian national football team. Popularly known as Captain Fantastic, having scored the second highest number of goals in international matches among active male players after Cristiano Ronaldo and 6th on the all time list, he is both the most-capped player and all-time top goalscorer for the Indian national team, with 72 goals in 115 appearances. Sunil Chhetri was named an 'Asian Icon' by AFC on his 34th birthday.

India womens national football team

The India women's national football team is controlled by the All India Football Federation and represents India in women's international football competitions. The women's team resumed playing on 7 September 2012 after nearly a year-long hiatus. Under the global jurisdiction of FIFA and governed in Asia by the AFC, the team is also part of the South Asian Football Federation. The team was one of the best teams in Asia in the mid 70s to early 80s, when they became runners-up at 1979 and 1983 AFC Women's Asian Cup. Presently, the Indian team has won all the SAFF Women's Championship that they have participated in since 2010.

2009 SAFF Championship

The 2009 South Asian Football Federation Championship was hosted by Bangladesh from 4 to 13 December 2009. Bangladesh was awarded to host the tournament after the withdrawal of original hosts India.

The India national under-23 football team represents India in international under-23 football and is controlled by the All India Football Federation (AIFF). Currently a member of the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) the team can compete in three competitions: the Olympic Games, the AFC U-23 Championship, and the Asian Games.

The India national under-17 football team represents India in international football at the under-17 level. Controlled by the All India Football Federation, the governing body for football in India, the team is part of the Asian Football Confederation and the South Asian Football Federation.

The India national Under-20 football team, also known as India Under-20s or India U20(s), represents India at all under-20 football tournaments. They act as the main feeder team for the India national under-23 football team and the senior India national football team.

The India women's national under-20 football team represents India in international women's under-20 football in the AFC U-19 Women's Championship and the FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup. It is controlled by the AIFF.

The history of the India national football team dates back to the 1920s. They have never played in the World Cup although they qualified in 1950. They have had no entries in the tournament from 1950 onwards. India have never won the final of the Asian Championship but managed their best ever finish by making it to the final in the 1964 AFC Asian Cup. They have only made three appearances since then.

Yumnam Kamala Devi is an Indian professional footballer who plays as a midfielder and an occasional striker for the Indian team. She plays for Gokulam Kerala FC in Indian Women's League.

Ngangom Bala Devi is an Indian woman football player. She plays for her home state Manipur and the Indian women's national team. She also plays for the KRYPHSA FC in the Indian Women's League (IWL).

Lallianzuala Chhangte is an Indian professional footballer who plays as a winger for the India national football team and Chennaiyin FC in the Indian Super League.

The Indian women's national under-17 football team represents India in international women's under-17 football. The team is controlled by the governing body for football in India, the All India Football Federation (AIFF). The team and federation is currently a member of the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) and the regional South Asian Football Federation (SAFF).

India national football team at the Olympics History of India mens national football team at the Olympics.

Football was first introduced as an Olympic sports at the Summer Olympic Games held in France in 1900. It was played by only three club teams from three nations as an exhibition sport and played again at the 1904 Games. National sides played for the first time at the 1908 Summer Olympics. India did not send a football side to the Olympics until the 1948 Games; it participated in the next three Games. An Indian team last participated in the 1960 Games. India's best appearance was at the 1956 Summer Olympics where its team reached the semi-finals. Beginning with the 1992 Summer Olympics, the rules were changed so that only under-23 national teams are allowed to compete in the Games. India's U-23 national team has yet to qualify for the Olympic football competition.

Blue Pilgrims Organised group of football fans who supports India national men and women teams.

Blue Pilgrims is an organised group of football fans who support the India national football men's team, women's team, and all the other age–group national teams at almost every home and away game. Founded in 2017 before the commencement of the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup, which was held in India, the group based their name on the nickname of the national team, the "Blue Tigers". They consider travelling with the national teams to wherever the teams play as their pilgrimage. They often display flags, banners, and tifos in support of the national team.

India national football team results (1948–1959)

Results of India national football team from 1960-1969.

India national football team results (2010-2019)

Results of India national football team from 2010-2019.

References

  1. 1 2 "AIFF APPOINTS IGOR STIMAC AS NEW MEN'S SENIOR NATIONAL TEAM COACH". the-aiff.com. AIFF. Archived from the original on 18 May 2019. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  2. 1 2 Dey, Subrata. "India – Record international players". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  3. "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 18 February 2021. Retrieved 18 February 2021.
  4. "India jump four spots to enter top 150 of FIFA men's rankings". Scroll. TheField Scroll. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  5. "India slip to 172 in latest FIFA rankings". The Indian Express. 3 March 2017. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  6. "India football team tour of Australia 1938" . Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  7. "India's first ever match as independent nation" . Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  8. "India's Melbourne magic" . Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  9. "India 6-0 win over Cambodia" . Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  10. "Soviet Union 11:1 India". eu-football.info. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  11. "Golden years of Indian football" . Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 "Triumphs and Disasters: The Story of Indian Football, 1889--2000" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 August 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  13. 1 2 Kapadia, Novy (2 July 2013). "The 1950 FIFA World Cup: A missed opportunity for India". SportsKeeda. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  14. Lisi (2007), p. 49
  15. "1950 FIFA World Cup Brazil – Overview". FIFA. Archived from the original on 18 March 2012.
  16. "The Indian National Football Team". twelfthman blog. 25 November 2019. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  17. "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Web.archive.org. 14 June 2010. Archived from the original on 14 June 2010. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  18. Article written by Somnath Sengupta (26 December 2010). "Legends of Indian Football: Rahim Saab". Thehardtackle.com. Archived from the original on 15 June 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  19. 1 2 Ghoshal, Amoy. "Indian football team at the Asian Games: 1951 New Delhi". SportsKeeda. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  20. Arunava Chaudhuri. "The Indian Senior Team at the 1952 Helsinki Olympics". Indianfootball.de. Archived from the original on 3 December 2018. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  21. "Colombo Cup". IndianFootball.De. Archived from the original on 16 April 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  22. "Asian Games 1954". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 20 April 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  23. 1 2 "Melbourne, 1956". FIFA. Archived from the original on 22 January 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
  24. Arunava Chaudhuri. "The Indian Senior Team at the 1958 Tokyo Asian Games". Indianfootball.de. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  25. Arunava Chaudhuri. "The Indian Senior Team at the 1959 Merdeka Cup". Indianfootball.de. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  26. Arunava Chaudhuri. "The Indian Senior Team at the 1960 Seoul Asia Cup Qualifiers". Indianfootball.de. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  27. Arunava Chaudhuri. "The Indian Senior Team at the 1962 D'Jakarta Asian Games". Indianfootball.de. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  28. Arunava Chaudhuri. "The Indian Senior Team at the 1964 Tel Aviv Asia Cup". Indianfootball.de. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  29. Arunava Chaudhuri. "The Indian Senior Team at the 1966 Bangkok Asian Games". Indianfootball.de. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  30. Arunava Chaudhuri. "The Indian Senior Team at the 1970 Bangkok Asian Games". Indianfootball.de. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  31. "Asian Games 1974". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 22 September 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  32. "Asian Games 1978". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  33. "Asian Games 1982". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  34. 1 2 Arunava Chaudhuri. "The Indian Senior Team at the 1984 Singapore Asia Cup". Indianfootball.de. Archived from the original on 2 October 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  35. "South Asian Games". IndianFootball.De. Archived from the original on 21 October 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  36. 1 2 "SAFF CHAMPIONSHIP: REMEMBERING INDIA'S SAFF TITLE TRIUMPHS". The Hard Tackle. 27 August 2013. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  37. "World Cup qualifying". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 16 January 2009. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  38. "SAFF 2003". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 24 March 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  39. 1 2 "Constantine's rising stock". IndianFootball.De. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  40. "Uzbekistan win football gold". Rediff. 23 October 2003. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  41. "National football team's coach sacked". Hindustan Times. 9 March 2006. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  42. "AFC Asian Cup 2007". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  43. "Bob Houghton is India's football coach". Rediff. 28 May 2006. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  44. "Nehru Cup 2007". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 22 May 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  45. "India win AFC Challenge Cup". Rediff.com. 13 August 2008. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  46. Rizvi, Ahmed (7 July 2009). "Houghton prepares in earnest". The National. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  47. "AFC Asian Cup 2011: Group C preview". The World Game. 9 November 2012. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  48. 1 2 "INDIA IN AFC ASIAN CUP 2011: PERFORMANCE REVIEW". The Hard Tackle. 20 January 2011. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  49. Sengupta, Rahul (17 February 2011). "AIFF Announces New Look Indian Squad for the AFC Challenge Cup Qualifiers". Goal.com. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  50. Deb, Debapriya (27 March 2011). "2012 AFC Challenge Cup Qualifiers: team India performance report card – Part 1". The Hard Tackle. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  51. "Houghton's tenure as Indian football coach over: sources". The Times of India. 21 April 2011. Archived from the original on 14 October 2018. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  52. Nelson, Dean (24 February 2011). "India to sack British football manager Bob Houghton over racism allegations". The Telegraph . Archived from the original on 15 March 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  53. "Coach Bob Houghton resigns after bitter stand-off with AIFF". The Indian Express. 23 September 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  54. "Football coach Bob Houghton resigns after bitter stand-off with AIFF". ITGD Bureau. India Today. 23 April 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  55. "Indian Coach Profile – Savio Medeira". WIFA. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  56. De Sousa, Jonathan (15 March 2012). "Indian football: AFC Challenge Cup 2012 Review – A look at the blue tigers". The Hard Tackle. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  57. Ayush Srivastava (15 June 2012). "Wim Koevermans named as new India senior team coach". Goal.com. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  58. "India beat Cameroon to win third successive Nehru Cup title". India Today. 2 September 2012. Archived from the original on 3 February 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  59. "India Lose To Myanmar in AFC Challenge Cup Qualifiers". NDTV Sports. 7 March 2013. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  60. Noronha, Anselm (11 September 2013). "Afghanistan are the SAFF Championship 2013 champions, beat India 2-0". Goal.com. Archived from the original on 22 January 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  61. "Indian football team goes down to Palestine; coach Koevermans resigns". Rediff. 7 October 2014. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
  62. "India slip to 172 in latest FIFA rankings". Indian Express. 5 November 2015. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
  63. "Stephen Constantine appointed Indian men's football head coach". Indian Express. 16 January 2015. Archived from the original on 23 July 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
  64. Sequiera, Sean (5 September 2016). "2018 World Cup qualification was never possible for India: Stephen Constantine". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
  65. "India thrashes Laos". The Hindu. 7 June 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  66. "India qualify for AFC Asian Cup 2019". Goal.com. 11 October 2017. Archived from the original on 23 October 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  67. "SAFF Cup 2018: Youthfull India to face Maldives". Sportskeeda. 9 September 2018. Archived from the original on 7 January 2019. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  68. "Group A: Thailand 1-4 India". The AFC.com. 6 January 2019. Archived from the original on 6 January 2019. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  69. "AFC Asian Cup 2019: Thailand 1-4 India, Player Ratings". FOX Sports Asia. 6 January 2019. Archived from the original on 7 January 2019. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  70. "UAE Steal India'S Thunder". the-aiff.com. AIFF. 10 January 2019. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  71. "AFC Asian Cup UAE 2019, India vs Bahrain". the-afc.com. AFC. Archived from the original on 18 January 2019. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  72. 1 2 Ishfaq Ahmed, Shiddant Aney, Vaibhav Raghunandan (14 January 2019). "India Lose to Bahrain, Crash Out of AFC Asian Cup - Highlights and Analysis". newsclick.in. Archived from the original on 15 January 2019. Retrieved 14 January 2019.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  73. "Breaking: Indian head coach Stephen Constantine resigns after AFC Asian Cup exit". FOX Sports Asia. 15 January 2019. Archived from the original on 15 January 2019. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  74. "AIFF appoint's Igor Štimac as men's team head coach". AIFF. 15 May 2019. Archived from the original on 22 November 2019. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  75. "Late Oman comeback sinks India". AIFF. 5 September 2019. Archived from the original on 22 November 2019. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  76. "India holds Asian champion Qatar to goalless draw". AIFF. 11 September 2019. Archived from the original on 22 November 2019. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  77. "India, Bangladesh play out a draw out in World Cup qualifier". AIFF. 15 October 2019. Archived from the original on 22 November 2019. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  78. "Super sub Doungel helps Blue Tigers earns a point in Dushanbe". AIFF. 14 November 2019. Archived from the original on 22 November 2019. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  79. "India go down by a solitary goal in Muscat". AIFF. Archived from the original on 22 November 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  80. 1 2 Bharali, Abhijit (16 September 2018). "The evolution of the Indian football team jersey over the years". SportsKeeda. Archived from the original on 20 October 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  81. 1 2 "The evolution of the Indian football team jersey over the years". SportsKeeda. Archived from the original on 8 September 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  82. "Nike to sponsor Indian football team". Hindustan Times. 27 February 2006. Archived from the original on 8 September 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  83. "The evolution of the Indian football team jersey over the years". SportsKeeda. Archived from the original on 20 October 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  84. Sengupta, Rahul (6 September 2010). "Indian National Team: Nike India Introduces 2010 National Team Kit For The Indian Football Team". Goal.com. Archived from the original on 14 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  85. "India's New Football Kit Sets Blue Tigers Up to Create History". Nike. 7 September 2017. Archived from the original on 23 October 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  86. 1 2 Laghate, Gaurav (17 December 2018). "Six5Six to replace Nike as Indian football's kit sponsor". Economic Times. Archived from the original on 20 December 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  87. "NEW YEAR, NEW KIT FOR INDIAN FOOTBALL". the-aiff.com. AIFF. Archived from the original on 20 December 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  88. "AFC Asian Cup 2019: India national team kit and price revealed". foxsportsasia.com. Fox Sports. Archived from the original on 20 December 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  89. "2011 SAFF Championship Stadium Guide: New Delhi – Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium". goal.com. goal.com India. Archived from the original on 15 September 2018. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  90. "Sunil Chhetri strikes brace as India beat Malaysia 3-2 in international friendly". Jagran Post. Archived from the original on 15 September 2018. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  91. "India vs Nepal at Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium, Guwahati". fifa.com. FIFA. Archived from the original on 17 October 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  92. "India vs Iran at Sree Kranteerava Stadium". fifa.com. FIFA. Archived from the original on 15 September 2018. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  93. "FIVE-STAR INDIA EASE PAST CHINESE TAIPEI". the-aiff.com. AIFF. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 16 September 2018.
  94. "India at the SAFF Cup". wifa.in. WIFA. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  95. "India win 2012 Nehru Cup". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. TOI. Archived from the original on 4 March 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  96. "India wins 2015 SAFF Cup: Who said what". sportskeeda.com. Sportskeeda. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  97. "INDIA ARE HERO TRI-NATION FOOTBALL SERIES 2017 CHAMPIONS". the-aiff.com. AIFF. Archived from the original on 2 September 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  98. "OUR PRIMARY TARGET IS TO WIN THE TOURNAMENT: CONSTANTINE". the-aiff.com. AIFF. Archived from the original on 6 February 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  99. "AFC ASIAN CUP UAE 2019". the-afc.com. AFC. Archived from the original on 22 March 2018. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  100. "The experienced duo of Sunil Chhetri and Clifford Miranda were on target as India beat Nepal 2-0 in a comfortable win". goal.com. GOAL. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  101. "Can Indian football make it to the top league?". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 5 July 2018. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  102. "Fifa World Cup 2018: Which Indian state watches football extravaganza the most?". IB Times. Archived from the original on 14 January 2019. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  103. "World Cup 2018: Sorry, Bengalis. You are not India's greatest football fans". Daily O. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  104. "Bend it like Bengal: Every four years, the cup comes home". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  105. "Kolkata reinstated as the 'Mecca of Indian football'". goal.com. GOAL. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  106. "India win Nehru Cup for the thrd time". the-aiff.com. AIFF. Archived from the original on 4 January 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  107. Basu, Jaydeep (27 August 2007). "Bhaichung leads dazzling display - Nehru Cup - India demolish Kyrgyzstan 3-0 to make final for first time". Telegraph India. Archived from the original on 14 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  108. "SAFF Cup: India beat Afghanistan 2-1 in final to lift title for seventh time". Indian Express. 3 January 2016. Archived from the original on 14 December 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  109. 1 2 3 4 "About Us-Introduction to BluePilgrims". bluepilgrims.com. Blue Pilgrims. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  110. 1 2 3 4 5 "Indian national football teams to have dedicated fan base named 'Blue Pilgrims". www.sportskeeda.com. 3 October 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  111. 1 2 "Blue Tigers find support in Blue Pilgrims". the-aiff.com. AIFF. 2 October 2017. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  112. "Blue Pilgrims are delighted to announce further collaborations for the game vs Bangladesh in VYBK". Blue Pilgrims. Twitter. 22 September 2019. Archived from the original on 22 September 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  113. 1 2 3 "Blue Pilgrims right behind Men in Blues". Asian Age. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  114. 1 2 3 "Blue Pilgrims, the 12th man of Indian football". redbull.com. 29 November 2017. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  115. 1 2 "List of Blue Pilgrims chants (with lyrics) Part 1". Indian football Ultras. YouTube. 25 September 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  116. "List of Blue Pilgrims chants (with lyrics) Part 2". Indian football Ultras. YouTube. 25 September 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  117. 1 2 "Intercontinental Cup 2018: 5 Things India gained from the Intercontinental Cup". sportskeeda.com. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  118. "Watch: Sunil Chhetri leads incredible Viking clap with Indian fans post Thailand AFC Asian Cup win". Fox Sports Asia. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  119. "Inquilab-e-Indian football". Blue Pilgrims. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  120. "Sunil Chhetri's plea to Indian fans marked as Golden Tweet by Twitter India". indiatoday.in. India Today. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  121. 1 2 "Chhetri called and the Indian football fans answered". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  122. "After Sunil Chhetri's plea, tickets for India game sold out". The Hindu. 4 June 2018. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  123. "Blue Pilgrims plans 3D tifo display for Chhetri and co". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 14 July 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  124. "From a handful to plenty". Deccan Chronicles. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  125. 1 2 Nandi, Dhirtiman (23 August 2015). "Performance of Foreign Coaches in Indian National Football Team". IndianFootballNetwork. Archived from the original on 23 June 2016. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  126. 1 2 3 "How India rose from a historical low". scroll.in. The Scroll. Archived from the original on 26 December 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  127. 1 2 3 "FIFA ranking: Indian football team up to 96, achieve best position in 21 years". hindustantimes.com. HindustanTimes. Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  128. 1 2 3 Kunti, Samindra. "Meet the man responsible for kickstarting a new era in Indian football—again". qz.com. Quartz India. Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  129. "Interview with Stephen Constantine". scroll.in. Scroll. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  130. "Indian football team maintain unbeaten streak in International football". sportskeeda.com. Sportskeeda. Archived from the original on 26 June 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  131. "Asian Cup Qualifiers: India's 12-match unbeaten streak ends". Business Standard. Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  132. "India lose 1-2 to Kyrgyzstan, 13-match unbeaten run ends". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. TOI. Archived from the original on 28 March 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  133. 1 2 3 Sharma, Bhargab. "Remembering Rahim Saab, the man who put India on the world football map". catchnews.com. Catchnews. Archived from the original on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  134. "1953 Rangoon quadrangular cup". indiafootball.de. indiafootball.de. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  135. Ghosal, Amoy. "Indian football team at the Asian Games: 1954 Manila". sportskeeda.com. Sportskeeda. Archived from the original on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  136. Chaudhuri, Arunava. "1955 Dhaka quadrangular". indianfootball.de. indiafootball.de. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  137. "The senior National Team at 1958 Asian Games". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  138. "The senior National Team at 1961 Madeka". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  139. "The senior National Team at 1964 olympic qualifiers". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  140. "The senior National Team at 1964 Asian Cup". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  141. "The senior National Team at 1965 Madeka". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  142. "The senior National Team at 1958 Asian Games". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  143. "The senior National Team at 1966 Maderka". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  144. "The senior National Team at 1968 Asian CUPQ". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  145. "The senior National Team at 1968 maderka". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  146. "The senior National Team at 1969 maderka". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  147. "The senior National Team at 1970 maderka". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  148. "The senior National Team at 1972 maderka". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  149. "The senior National Team at 1974 AG". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  150. 1 2 3 "Know your Indian Football Heroes: PK Banerjee". sportskeeda.com. Sportskeeda. Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  151. "The senior National Team at 1976 Jasson". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  152. "The senior National Team at 1977 kingscup". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  153. "The senior National Team at 1977 Prescup". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  154. "The senior National Team at 1978 AG". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  155. "The senior National Team at 1980 OLY Q". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  156. "1982 Maderka Result". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  157. "1982 Asian games result". indiafootball.de. IndiaFootball. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  158. "Coach Bob Bootland dies". The Indian Express. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  159. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  160. "MAGPIES TURN TO KINNEAR". FOOTBALL365. Archived from the original on 29 September 2008. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  161. "A Bible for soccer lovers". tribuneindia.com. TheTribune. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  162. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  163. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  164. 1 2 3 "The Agony of Syed Nayeemuddin". sportskeeda.com. Sportskeeda. Archived from the original on 13 October 2018. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  165. "The Indian Senior Team at 1987 Nehru Cup". indianfootball.de. IndianFootball. Archived from the original on 29 January 2015. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  166. "The Indian Senior team at 1989 Nehru Cup". indianfootball.de. IndianFootball. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 12 October 2018.