Lebanon national football team

Last updated

Contents

Lebanon
Nickname(s) رجال الأرز
(The Cedars)
Association Lebanese Football Association
(الاتحاد اللبناني لكرة القدم)
Confederation AFC (Asia)
Sub-confederation WAFF (West Asia)
Head coach Ivan Hašek
Captain Hassan Maatouk
Most caps Hassan Maatouk (95)
Top scorer Hassan Maatouk (21)
Home stadium Camille Chamoun Sports City Stadium
FIFA code LBN
Kit left arm lebanon2019h.png
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body lebanon2019h.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm lebanon2019h.png
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts whitebottom.png
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
First colours
Kit left arm lebanon2019a.png
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body lebanon2019a.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm lebanon2019a.png
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts lebanon2019a.png
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 98 Decrease2.svg 5 (12 August 2021) [1]
Highest77 (September 2018)
Lowest178 (April – May 2011)
First international
Palestine-Mandate-Ensign-1927-1948.svg  Mandatory Palestine 5–1 Lebanon  Lebanese French flag.svg
(Tel Aviv, Mandatory Palestine; 27 April 1940)
Biggest win
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon 8–1 Pakistan  Flag of Pakistan.svg
(Bangkok, Thailand; 26 May 2001)
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon 7–0 Laos  Flag of Laos.svg
(Sidon, Lebanon; 12 November 2015)
Biggest defeat
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR 6–0 Lebanon  Flag of Lebanon.svg
(Chongqing, China; 3 July 2004)
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon 0–6 Kuwait  Flag of Kuwait.svg
(Beirut, Lebanon; 2 July 2011)
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 6–0 Lebanon  Flag of Lebanon.svg
(Goyang, South Korea; 2 September 2011)
AFC Asian Cup
Appearances3 (first in 2000 )
Best resultGroup stage (2000, 2019)
FIFA Arab Cup
Appearances9 (first in 1963 )
Best resultThird place (1963)
WAFF Championship
Appearances7 (first in 2000 )
Best resultGroup stage (7 times)
Website the-lfa.com (in Arabic)

The Lebanon national football team, [lower-alpha 1] controlled by the Lebanese Football Association (LFA), have represented Lebanon in association football since their inception in 1933. The squad is governed by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) continentally, and FIFA worldwide. While Lebanon have yet to qualify for the FIFA World Cup, they have qualified three times to the AFC Asian Cup: they first participated in 2000, when they hosted the event. Lebanon's main venue is the Camille Chamoun Sports City Stadium in Beirut; however they also play in other locations such as the Saida Municipal Stadium in Sidon.

In 1935, Lebanon played their first match against the Romanian side CA Timișoara (TAC), but it was not ratified by FIFA. Lebanon played their first FIFA-recognised game in 1940 against Mandatory Palestine. During their 2014 qualification campaign for the World Cup, Lebanon reached the final qualifying round for the first time thanks to a 2–1 victory against South Korea at home in 2011, but failed to qualify for the 2014 World Cup finishing bottom of their group. At the 2019 Asian Cup, Lebanon were close to qualifying to the knock-out stages for the first time. However, they lost a tiebreaker to Vietnam in the third-place ranking on the fair play rule and were knocked out of the competition at the group stage. Lebanon also compete in the Arab Cup, the WAFF Championship, and the Pan Arab Games. As hosts, they have finished third—once at the Arab Cup and twice at the Pan Arab Games.

Inspired by their national symbol, the Lebanese team is known as "the Cedars" (Arabic : رجال الأرز) by fans and media. Their home kit is primarily red and their away kit white, a reference to their national flag. After a steady decline in their FIFA ranking from 1998 to 2016, Lebanon jumped 66 places (from 147th in 2016 to 81st in 2018) and reached their highest rank to date—77th—in September 2018. This came after a 16-game unbeaten streak, from 24 March 2016 to 11 October 2018, during which Lebanon won eight games and drew seven.

History

1933–1957: The beginning

Lebanon was one of the first nations in the Middle East to establish an administrative body for association football. [lower-alpha 2] [2] On 22 March 1933, representatives of 13 football clubs gathered in the Minet El Hosn district in Beirut to form the Lebanese Football Association (LFA). [3] [4] The LFA was first headed by Hussein Sejaan, [5] and joined FIFA in 1936. [4] [6]

On 3 February 1934, 22 players from Beirut were called-up to a training camp by the LFA in view of a friendly game against the Romanian side CA Timișoara (TAC); the players were divided into two teams, and played against each other at the American University of Beirut's (AUB) field. [7] The match against TAC, scheduled to be played on 18 February, was cancelled due to financial disagreements between the LFA and the AUB, who organized the encounter. [8] The Beirut select team eventually played against TAC on 21 November 1935 at AUB's field, [9] losing 3–0. [10] Beirut XI played their first game against Syria's Damascus  XI in 1939 at the Habib Abou Chahla Stadium; the match ended in a 5–4 loss. [11] The two teams played 16 unofficial games until 1963, winning seven, drawing two, and losing seven. [11]

Lebanese forward Camille Cordahi during the 1940 match against Mandatory Palestine Camille Cordahi v Mandatory Palestine, 1940.jpg
Lebanese forward Camille Cordahi during the 1940 match against Mandatory Palestine

The national team's first official FIFA game was a 5–1 loss to Mandatory Palestine on 27 April 1940. [12] Camille Cordahi, assisted by Muhieddine Jaroudi, scored for Lebanon in the second half, becoming his team's first official international scorer. [13] Lebanon played their first official game against Syria on 19 April 1942; coached by Abed Traboulsi, Lebanon lost 2–1 in Beirut. [14] In 1947 Lebanon played two more friendlies against Syria: a 4–1 defeat in Beirut on 4 May, [15] and a 1–0 defeat in Aleppo on 18 May. [16]

During the early-1950s, Lebanon were coached by Vinzenz Dittrich and Ljubiša Broćić. [17] [18] The side played four official games between 1953 and 1956, most notably hosting Hungary in 1956. [12] Lebanon lost the match 4–1, with Hungary's Ferenc Puskás scoring two goals. [11] The team also played unofficial games against top-level European clubs such as Dynamo Moscow, Leipzig, and Spartak Trnava in 1957. [11] Lebanon played Energia Flacăra Ploiești the same year in the opening game of the Sports City Stadium. [19] The match ended 1–0 for Lebanon thanks to a Joseph Abou Murad goal. [19]

1957–1989: Early history

From 19 to 27 October 1957 Lebanon hosted the second edition of the Pan Arab Games, and were drawn with Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Jordan in the group stages. [20] After two 1–1 draws against Saudi Arabia and Syria, Lebanon defeated Jordan 6–3 in their first official international win thanks to two braces by Joseph Abou Murad and Mardik Tchaparian, and one goal each by Robert Chehade and Levon Altounian; this placed them first in their group. [20] In the semifinals, Lebanon lost 4–2 to Tunisia. [20] They finished in third place, however, since Morocco withdrew from the third-place match. [20]

Joseph Nalbandian was appointed coach of the national team in 1958. [21] He was one of Lebanon's most successful coaches, winning nine of 26 official matches during his 11-year tenure. [12] Under Nalbadian, Lebanon hosted the 1959 Mediterranean Games and were grouped with Italy B and Turkey B. [lower-alpha 3] [22] They finished last in the group, after four losses to the two European teams. [22]

Lebanon at the 1966 Arab Cup Lebanon national football team 1966.jpg
Lebanon at the 1966 Arab Cup

Lebanon hosted the inaugural edition of the Arab Cup in 1963, and were grouped with Tunisia, Syria, Kuwait, and Jordan. [23] They won their first match against Kuwait 6–0, thanks to a hat-trick by Tchaparian. [24] This six-goal win tied Lebanon's biggest win to date, a 7–1 victory against Saudi Arabia in 1961. [25] After another win (against Jordan) and two losses (to Syria and Tunisia), Lebanon finished third in the tournament. [23] In the 1966 edition, Lebanon were drawn with Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, and Bahrain in Group A. [26] After three wins and a draw, they qualified to the semi-finals against Syria, where they lost 1–0. [26] In the third-place match, Lebanon lost 6–1 to Libya, finishing the competition in fourth place. [26] Lebanon had also played at the 1964 Tripoli Fair Tournament; in a group with Libya, Sudan, Morocco, and Malta, they finished in first place with seven points. [27]

Having joined the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) in 1964, [4] [6] Lebanon's first Asian Cup qualifying campaign was in 1971, coached by Joseph Abou Murad. [21] In the first round they lost to hosts Kuwait 1–0, but defeated neighbours Syria 3–2 to qualify for the next round. [28] In a decisive semi-final match against Iraq, Lebanon lost 4–1 and were eliminated. [28] Due to the country's civil war, Lebanon only played nine games between 1975 and 1990. [25] They appeared in the 1980 AFC Asian Cup qualifiers held in Abu Dhabi; with one win, one draw, and one defeat, Lebanon came third in their group and were eliminated. [29] Lebanon also initially took part in the 1986 FIFA World Cup qualifiers; however, after playing four matches, Lebanon withdrew and their results were annulled. [30] In the 1988 Arab Cup, Lebanon were drawn with Egypt, Iraq, Tunisia, and the Saudi Arabia Olympic team. [31] They finished third in their group, with one win, two draws, and one defeat. [31]

1993–2004: Post-Civil War

Camille Chamoun Sports City Stadium in 1982; it was destroyed during the Lebanese Civil War. Devastated Stadium - 13371618444.jpg
Camille Chamoun Sports City Stadium in 1982; it was destroyed during the Lebanese Civil War.

In 1993 Lebanon played their first qualification campaign after the civil war, in the 1994 FIFA World Cup qualifiers, with Adnan Al Sharqi as their coach. [32] Their gap of 57 years between the date of FIFA affiliation (1936) and their first full World Cup qualifying campaign (1993) was the highest to date; it was surpassed by the Philippines three years later with a gap of 68 years. [33] After two wins, two losses, and four draws, Lebanon finished third in their group and were eliminated. [34] Under Terry Yorath, the team's first foreign manager since the war, Lebanon began their first post-war campaign to qualify for the 1996 AFC Asian Cup. [35] Despite winning twice against Turkmenistan and losing only once (at home, against Kuwait), Lebanon were eliminated from the competition with a one-point difference with Kuwait (the group leader). [35]

Yorath helped Lebanon gain 10 places in the FIFA World Ranking thanks to a 3–3 draw against the Czech Republic and a 1–0 win against Jordan, both friendlies played in February 1997. [36] Thanks to their performances, Lebanon were awarded the Asian Team of the Month award in February. [36] Lebanon were drawn in a group which included Kuwait and Singapore in the 1998 FIFA World Cup qualifiers, played between April and June 1997. [37] Led by Yorath, the Cedars were eliminated with only four points. [37] Despite the team's elimination, the Welsh manager was one of the team's most successful managers, winning 13 of 31 official matches during his two-year tenure. [25]

Lebanon hosted the 2000 AFC Asian Cup, despite FIFA's concerns about stadium conditions. [38] Under Croatian coach Josip Skoblar, [39] Lebanon, captained by Jamal Taha, [40] drew into Group A with Iran, Iraq, and Thailand. [41] Out of the 23 called-up players for the tournament, five were Brazilians with Lebanese ancestry. [42]

Lebanon played their first Asian Cup game against Iran on 12 October 2000 at the Camille Chamoun Sports City Stadium with 52,418 spectators. [41] Trailing by one goal at half time, Lebanon conceded three further goals in the second half to end their first group stage match in a 4–0 defeat. [41] In the second match, against Iraq, two goals in the first 22 minutes gave the opposing team a comfortable lead. [41] However, an Abbas Chahrour long-distance volley in the 28th minute, [43] Lebanon's first goal in the competition, [44] and a goal by Moussa Hojeij in the 76th minute gave Lebanon their first point of the competition. [41] Lebanon played Thailand in the final group stage match. [41] With the opposing team gaining the lead in the 58th minute, Luís Fernandes equalised for Lebanon to end the match 1–1. [41] The draw was not enough as they finished last in the group, with only two points. [41]

Managed by Theo Bücker, Lebanon drew with Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Thailand in the first round of the 2002 World Cup qualifications. [45] The team, with good offense from Roda Antar, Haitham Zein, Vartan Ghazarian, and Gilberto dos Santos, finished second in their group with 26 goals in six games (the most in their group). [45]

Under Richard Tardy, [46] Lebanon drew into Group D of the 2004 AFC Asian Cup qualifiers. [47] Before the match away to North Korea, the Lebanese team were reportedly ill-treated; hotel conditions were poor, and their training field contained goats and sheep. [48] Lebanon finished third in their group, with four points. [47] For the second round of the qualifiers for the 2006 World Cup, Lebanon were grouped with South Korea, Vietnam, and the Maldives. [49] Under Mahmoud Hamoud, they finished second in their group and were eliminated. [49]

2006–2014: Failed qualifications and match fixing

Lebanon drew into Group D for the 2007 AFC Asian Cup qualifying campaign with Australia, Bahrain, and Kuwait, played in 2006. [50] The scheduled meeting between Australia and Lebanon made Buddy Farah, an Australian player of Lebanese descent, declare his return to the Lebanese national side. [51] Before Lebanon's match with Bahrain on 16 August, it was announced on 1 August that the Asian Football Confederation had accepted a withdrawal request from the Lebanon Football Association due to the 2006 Lebanon War, which forced several players to leave their homes to avoid the war. [52] In 2007 Lebanon was seeded in the first round of the qualifiers for the 2010 World Cup, where they faced India to qualify directly for the third round of the qualifiers. [53] Lebanon won 6–3 on aggregate and advanced to the third round, with two goals by Mohammed Ghaddar in the second match. [53] Lebanon, grouped with Saudi Arabia, Singapore, and Uzbekistan, finished last with no points. [54]

In April 2008, Lebanon and the Maldives (the two lowest-ranked teams in Asia) [lower-alpha 4] [55] played home-and-away matches in the preliminary round of the 2011 Asian Cup; the winner would proceed to the next round. [58] [59] A 4–0 home win and a 2–1 victory in the away match advanced Lebanon to the qualifying round. [58] [59] Between 2009 and 2010, they drew into Group D with China, Syria, and Vietnam, finishing last. [60] Emile Rustom, re-appointed as head coach in November 2008, led Lebanon into the second round of the 2014 World Cup qualifiers. [61] They faced Bangladesh, winning 4–0 in Beirut on 23 July 2011, and losing 2–0 in Dhaka five days later. [62] Lebanon advanced to the third round, where they were grouped with South Korea, Kuwait, and the United Arab Emirates. [63] Rustom resigned less than a week later, citing internal administrative problems. [64] [65]

On 4 August 2011, Theo Bücker was reappointed as Lebanon's head coach. [66] The former national team manager took the reins nine years after leaving that position. Lebanon began the third round losing 6–0 away to South Korea. In the second match, they came back from one goal down to defeat the United Arab Emirates 3–1 at home. [67] [68] The team then drew 2–2 to Kuwait in Beirut on 11 October. [69] For the first time since 2005, when the LFA barred fans from the stadiums due to behavioural issues, spectators (32,000) were allowed at the Camille Chamoun Sports City Stadium. [70] Bad fan behaviour (mainly fireworks-related) was again a problem against Kuwait, forcing referee Masaaki Toma to stop the game several times. [71] A month later, Lebanon defeated Kuwait 1–0 in Kuwait City; [72] it was Kuwait's first home loss to Lebanon. [73] On 15 November, Lebanon hosted South Korea at Beirut's Camille Chamoun Sports City Stadium before over 40,000 spectators. [74] Ali Al Saadi gave Lebanon the lead after four minutes, however South Korea tied the score with a penalty kick. Lebanon regained the lead in the 30th minute through an Abbas Ali Atwi penalty; the match finished in a 2–1 victory. Lebanon's first-ever win against South Korea qualified them for the fourth (and final) round of the World Cup qualifiers for the first time. [75]

Abbas Ali Atwi (second from right) was Lebanon's captain against Iran at the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualifiers. Iran v Lebanon, 11 June 2013 34.jpg
Abbas Ali Atwi (second from right) was Lebanon's captain against Iran at the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualifiers.

In 2012 Lebanon drew into Group A of the fourth round, with South Korea, Uzbekistan, Iran, and Qatar. [76] In Lebanon's fourth game, on 11 September against Iran, a first-half Roda Antar goal gave Lebanon the lead through a header. [77] They held onto the lead and won 1–0; the three points were crucial to stay in contention for a spot at the 2014 FIFA World Cup. [77] On 26 February 2013, team members Ramez Dayoub and Mahmoud El Ali were involved in the 2013 Lebanese match-fixing scandal; they were accused of illegal betting on several matches involving Lebanese teams (including the national team), in addition to manipulating results. [78] The players were fined $15,000 and banned from the Lebanon Football Association for life. [79] Lebanon's 1–0 defeat to Qatar was part of the scandal, with defender Dayoub purposely passing the ball to the Qatari striker, who netted the only goal of the game. [80] The Lebanese team then lost to Uzbekistan 1–0 on the road. [81] In the following match they hosted South Korea in Beirut and led 1–0, until South Korea scored the equaliser in the 97th minute, eliminating Lebanon. [82]

In 2013 the team drew into group B with Iran, Thailand and Kuwait for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup qualifications. [83] After losing 5–0 to Iran, and winning 5–2 against Thailand, Giuseppe Giannini replaced Theo Bücker as head coach. [84] During Giannini's first game, on match day three, Mohammad Ghaddar scored the equaliser against Kuwait in Beirut to earn a point for Lebanon. [85] Lebanon ended the qualifications in third place in their group, with two wins, two draws, and two losses. [83] Lebanon and China were tied on points in the ranking of third-places teams; China had a better goal difference, however, and went on to play in the final tournament. [83]

After the country's failed attempt to qualify for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup in Australia, the Lebanese Football Association decided to reform the national team in 2014 by modeling it on the Belgium national team (particularly Belgium's performance in the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil). [86] Inviting new players from nations with a large Lebanese community (such as the United States, Germany, Denmark, and Norway) would, it was hoped, bring about a rebirth of Lebanese football. [86] On 8 September 2014, Lebanon played an unofficial FIFA match against the Brazilian Olympic team in Doha for the first time; the match ended in a 2–2 draw. Hassan Maatouk scored a goal which would have given Lebanon a 3–1 lead, but the goal was incorrectly ruled offside; Brazil's equalising goal was erroneously ruled onside. [87] [88] The match excited the Lebanese people, despite poor refereeing. [87] After Lebanon's 5–0 away loss to Qatar a month later, [89] Giuseppe Giannini was fired. [90]

2015–present: Recent history

Radulovic coached Lebanon between 2015 and 2019. Miodrag Radulovic Lebanon, 2019 AFC Asian Cup.jpg
Radulović coached Lebanon between 2015 and 2019.

Miodrag Radulović was appointed the team's new coach in 2015, [91] and led Lebanon in the 2018 World Cup qualifications, played between June 2015 and March 2016. [92] The team were drawn in a group that included Asia's runners-up South Korea, Kuwait, Myanmar, and Laos, [93] the second time Lebanon faced South Korea and Kuwait in World Cup qualifiers. Lebanon finished second in the group and, although they were eliminated from the World Cup, they qualified to the 2019 Asian Cup qualification third round, played between March 2017 and March 2018. [94]

The Asian Cup draw put Lebanon in Group B, with North Korea, Hong Kong, and Malaysia. [95] With five wins and a draw, Lebanon topped the group and qualified for the cup for the first time (after qualifying as host in 2000, the country's only previous participation). [96] Hassan Maatouk (who succeeded Roda Antar as captain in 2016) [97] was key to Lebanon's success, scoring five goals in six games. [98] Although Radulović failed to qualify the team for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, he helped Lebanon reach their first-ever AFC Asian Cup through qualification in 2019; [lower-alpha 5] [94] he was the first Montenegrin manager to help a team qualify for a major tournament. Radulović managed a 16-game unbeaten streak (from 24 March 2016 to 11 October 2018), [99] [100] winning eight and drawing eight. [25] In September 2018, Lebanon achieved their best-ever FIFA ranking (77th). [101]

Lebanon during the 2019 AFC Asian Cup group stage match against Saudi Arabia Lebanon vs Saudi Arabi 20191201 08.jpg
Lebanon during the 2019 AFC Asian Cup group stage match against Saudi Arabia

Lebanon relied on their diaspora abroad for the 2019 Asian Cup, with nine of their 23 called-up players being born outside of Lebanon. [42] They started the campaign on 9 January 2019, with a 2–0 loss against Qatar. [102] In the 37th minute, Ali Hamam scored a goal for Lebanon from a corner, only for it to be controversially disallowed for a foul. [103] [104] Two goals by Qatar in the second half secured all three points for the opposing team. [105] Three days later, Lebanon played their second match of the tournament against Saudi Arabia. [106] Two goals without reply brought Lebanon their second defeat of the tournament. [106]

In the final group stage game against North Korea, played on 17 January, Lebanon needed to win by four goals to pass to the knock-out stages. [107] The encounter ended in a 4–1 win, thanks to a brace by Hilal El-Helwe, which gave Lebanon their first ever Asian Cup win. [107] However, they lost out to Vietnam in the third-place ranking on the fair play rule. [107] Because they had received seven yellow cards against five by Vietnam, they were knocked out of the competition. [107]

Liviu Ciobotariu was appointed for the joint qualifications for the 2022 World Cup and the 2023 Asian Cup. [108] His first games took place at the 2019 WAFF Championship, where Lebanon were drawn with hosts Iraq, Syria, Palestine, and Yemen. [109] Lebanon finished fourth in their group with four points, after a win, a draw, and two defeats. [109]

For the second round of qualification for the 2022 World Cup, Lebanon were drawn with South Korea, for the third time in a row, [63] [93] North Korea, who Lebanon had faced in both the qualifications and final stage of the 2019 Asian Cup, [95] [107] Turkmenistan and Sri Lanka. [110] Lebanon played five matches (two wins, two draws, and one defeat) between September and November 2019, [111] before the remaining games were postponed on 9 March 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Asia. [112] [113]

Former national team captain Jamal Taha was appointed head coach on 17 June 2020. [114] North Korea withdrew from the World Cup qualifiers in May 2021, and their previous results were voided; this highly benefited Lebanon, as they had only gained one point in two games against them. [115] Lebanon headed into their last three games in June 2021, against Sri Lanka, Turkmenistan and South Korea, needing six points to qualify to the third and final round without having to rely on other results. [116]

Following a slim 3–2 win over Sri Lanka, [117] Lebanon lost a 2–1 lead against Turkmenistan in the final five minutes, losing 3–2. [118] Away to South Korea, Lebanon took the lead in the first half, before the home side overturned the result in the second half, winning 2–1. [119] Despite not getting the six points required, other results went in Lebanon's favour and they finished among the best runners-up, qualifying to the 2023 Asian Cup for the third time, and the final round of the 2022 World Cup for the second time. [120]

Kits

Camille Cordahi v Mandatory Palestine, 1940 (crop).jpg
Joseph Abou Murad Lebanon, 1966 (colour).jpg
Felix Michel Melki 20191201.jpg
Lebanon's kit in 1940, 1966, and 2019, respectively

The national team traditionally wear red as their primary colour and white as their secondary colour. [2] [121] The choices originate from the national flag of Lebanon (red, white, and green); green is typically reserved for the goalkeeper. [122] At home, Lebanon usually wear a red shirt, shorts, and socks, with white details; [106] the away kit is a white outfit with red details. [105]

During their first unofficial match in 1935, Lebanon wore white shirts with the Lebanese cedar and the association's name on the chest, black shorts, and white socks; the goalkeeper wore a black shirt and white trousers. [123] In 1940, on the occasion of their first FIFA-sanctioned game against Mandatory Palestine, Lebanon wore a white kit with a black collar, along with black shorts and striped socks. [124] During the 1960s, Lebanon wore a red shirt with a white horizontal band in the center, which included a green cedar tree in the middle; the shorts were white, and the socks were red-and-white-striped. [125]

In the 2000 AFC Asian Cup, Lebanon wore a red Adidas shirt with white details on the sides and a white collar, white shorts, and red socks. [126] In the 2019 campaign, Lebanon wore a red kit (manufactured by Capelli Sport) with white details and a white collar. [106] The Lebanese cedar, the country's national symbol, is present under the team logo in a darker shade of red. [127] Since 2015 the team kit has been manufactured by Capelli Sport, [128] a sports brand founded by Lebanese-born entrepreneur George Altirs. [129] Previous manufacturers include Diadora and Adidas. [130] [131]

Lebanon is known as "the Cedars" (Arabic : رجال الأرز) by fans and the media, since the cedar tree is the country's national symbol. [132] [133] [134]

Home stadium

The Camille Chamoun Sports City Stadium during the Beirut derby in 2018 Camille Chamoun Sports City Stadium 2018 - Beirut derby (Nejmeh fans).png
The Camille Chamoun Sports City Stadium during the Beirut derby in 2018

The Lebanese national team play their home games in various stadiums throughout the country. The team's main venue is the Camille Chamoun Sports City Stadium. Built in 1957 during the presidency of Camille Chamoun, it is the country's largest stadium with 49,500 seats. [135] Its inaugural game was in 1957, when the national team played Energia Flacara Ploiesti and won 1–0 thanks to a Joseph Abou Murad goal. [19] It was the main stadium used to host the 2000 Asian Cup held in Lebanon; six matches were played in the stadium including the opening match and the final. [136] [137] In 2011 the stadium hosted the famed 2–1 victory against South Korea in the 2014 World Cup qualification, sending Lebanon to the final round of qualification for the first time. [74] Over 40,000 spectators were present to watch the match. [74]

The national team, however, also play in other stadiums such as the Saida Municipal Stadium located in Sidon. Built over the sea, the stadium holds 22,600 people, [138] and was one of the venues to host the 2000 Asian Cup. [139] Other stadiums in which the national team play include the Tripoli Municipal Stadium and the Beirut Municipal Stadium. [140] [141]

Players

Current squad

The following 23 players were called up for the 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification match against South Korea on 7 September 2021. [142]

Information correct as of 7 September 2021, after the match against South Korea [143]
No.Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClub
11 GK Hadi Mortada (1999-08-01) 1 August 1999 (age 22)00 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ansar
211 GK Mostafa Matar (1995-09-10) 10 September 1995 (age 25)60 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ahed
231 GK Ali Sabeh (1994-06-24) 24 June 1994 (age 27)10 Flag of Lebanon.svg Nejmeh

22 DF Kassem El Zein (1990-12-02) 2 December 1990 (age 30)240 Flag of Lebanon.svg Nejmeh
32 DF Houssein Mortada (2000-09-14) 14 September 2000 (age 20)00 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ahed
42 DF Abbas Assi (1995-07-09) 9 July 1995 (age 26)40 Flag of Lebanon.svg Shabab Sahel
62 DF Joan Oumari (1988-08-19) 19 August 1988 (age 33)304 Flag of Japan.svg FC Tokyo
122 DF Robert Alexander Melki (1992-11-14) 14 November 1992 (age 28)150 Flag of Qatar.svg Al-Shahania
172 DF Mohamed Zein Tahan (1988-04-20) 20 April 1988 (age 33)361 Flag of Lebanon.svg Safa

53 MF Hasan Srour (2001-12-18) 18 December 2001 (age 19)00 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ahed
83 MF Hassan "Moni" Chaito (1989-03-20) 20 March 1989 (age 32)636 Flag of Lebanon.svg Nejmeh
103 MF Mahdi Zein (2000-05-23) 23 May 2000 (age 21)00 Flag of Lebanon.svg Nejmeh
133 MF George Felix Melki (1994-07-23) 23 July 1994 (age 27)181 Flag of Sweden.svg AFC Eskilstuna
143 MF Nader Matar (1992-05-12) 12 May 1992 (age 29)452 Flag of Qatar.svg Muaither
153 MF Walid Shour (1996-06-10) 10 June 1996 (age 25)20 Flag of Lebanon.svg Shabab Sahel
183 MF Majed Osman (1994-06-09) 9 June 1994 (age 27)30 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ansar
223 MF Youssef Barakat (1998-05-09) 9 May 1998 (age 23)00 Flag of Lebanon.svg Shabab Sahel

74 FW Hassan Maatouk (Captain) (1987-08-10) 10 August 1987 (age 34)9521 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ansar
94 FW Hilal El-Helwe (1994-11-24) 24 November 1994 (age 26)339 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ahed
114 FW Soony Saad (1992-08-17) 17 August 1992 (age 29)205 Flag of Jordan.svg Al-Wehdat
164 FW Omar Chaaban Bugiel (1994-01-02) 2 January 1994 (age 27)91 Flag of England.svg Sutton United
194 FW Hady Ghandour (2000-01-27) 27 January 2000 (age 21)10 Flag of England.svg Charlton Athletic
204 FW Rabih Ataya (1989-07-16) 16 July 1989 (age 32)425 Flag of Malaysia.svg Kedah

Recent call-ups

The following footballers were part of a national selection in the past 12 months, but are not part of the current squad.

Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClubLatest call-up
GK Ali Daher (1996-11-26) 26 November 1996 (age 24)20 Flag of Lebanon.svg Shabab Sahel v. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates , 2 September 2021 PRE
GK Mehdi Khalil (1991-09-19) 19 September 1991 (age 29)470 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ahed v. Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti , 23 June 2021

DF Nour Mansour (1989-10-22) 22 October 1989 (age 31)582 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ahed v. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates , 2 September 2021 PRE
DF Hussein Zein (1995-01-27) 27 January 1995 (age 26)110 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ahed v. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates , 2 September 2021 PRE
DF Mohammad El Hayek (2000-02-19) 19 February 2000 (age 21)00 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ahed v. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates , 2 September 2021 PRE
DF Hassan "Shibriko" Chaitou (1991-06-16) 16 June 1991 (age 30)130 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ansar v. Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti , 23 June 2021
DF Maher Sabra (1992-01-14) 14 January 1992 (age 29)90 Flag of Lebanon.svg Nejmeh v. Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti , 23 June 2021
DF Abdallah Aich (1995-10-05) 5 October 1995 (age 25)20 Flag of Lebanon.svg Nejmeh v. Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti , 23 June 2021
DF Nassar Nassar (1992-01-01) 1 January 1992 (age 29)130 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ansar v. Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait , 29 March 2021
DF Nader Marrouch (1996-04-07) 7 April 1996 (age 25)00 Flag of Lebanon.svg Akhaa Ahli Aley v. Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait , 29 March 2021

MF Mohamad Haidar (1989-11-08) 8 November 1989 (age 31)724 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ahed v. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates , 2 September 2021
MF Bassel Jradi (1993-07-06) 6 July 1993 (age 28)121 Flag of Cyprus.svg Apollon Limassol v. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates , 2 September 2021
MF Hussein Monzer (1997-03-20) 20 March 1997 (age 24)120 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ahed v. Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti , 23 June 2021
MF Mouhammed-Ali Dhaini (1994-03-01) 1 March 1994 (age 27)50 Flag of Sweden.svg Trelleborg v. Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti , 23 June 2021
MF Haidar Khriess (1996-01-01) 1 January 1996 (age 25)00 Flag of Lebanon.svg Safa v. Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti , 23 June 2021
MF Ahmad Jalloul (1992-01-23) 23 January 1992 (age 29)140 Flag of Lebanon.svg Safa v. Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain , 13 November 2020
MF Khaled Mohssen (1998-01-10) 10 January 1998 (age 23)10 Free agent v. Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain , 13 November 2020
MF Houssein Rizk (1997-01-01) 1 January 1997 (age 24)10 Flag of Lebanon.svg Shabab Sahel v. Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain , 13 November 2020

FW Karim Darwich (1998-11-02) 2 November 1998 (age 22)30 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ansar v. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates , 2 September 2021 PRE
FW Zein Farran (1997-07-21) 21 July 1997 (age 24)00 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ahed v. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates , 2 September 2021 PRE
FW Mohamad Kdouh (1997-07-10) 10 July 1997 (age 24)144 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ahed v. Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates , 2 September 2021 PRE
FW Ahmad Hijazi (1994-08-22) 22 August 1994 (age 27)20 Flag of Lebanon.svg Ansar v. Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti , 23 June 2021
FW Hassan Mehanna (1997-01-29) 29 January 1997 (age 24)00 Flag of Lebanon.svg Safa v. Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti , 23 June 2021

PREPreliminary squad / standby

Competitive record

Overview
Event1st place2nd place3rd place4th place
World Cup 0000
Asian Cup 0000
Summer Olympics 0000
Arab Cup 0012
WAFF Championship 0000
Pan Arab Games 0021
Asian Games 0000
Mediterranean Games 0010

FIFA World Cup

Lebanon's match against Iran at the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualifiers Iran v Lebanon, 11 June 2013 05.jpg
Lebanon's match against Iran at the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualifiers

Although the Lebanese Football Association was formed in 1933, [3] [4] Lebanon's first qualification campaign for the FIFA World Cup took place in the 1986 edition. [30] However, after playing four matches, Lebanon withdrew due to the ongoing civil war, and their results were subsequently annulled. [30] The country's first full qualification campaign came two editions later, in 1994, where they finished third in their group with two wins, four draws, and two losses. [34] Ever since, Lebanon have participated in every iteration of the World Cup qualifiers.

The closest Lebanon got to qualifying to the World Cup was during the 2014 campaign. After beating Bangladesh 4–2 on aggregate in the second round, [62] Lebanon qualified to the third round, where they were drawn with South Korea, Kuwait, and the United Arab Emirates. [63] The team beat South Korea in a historical 2–1 win at home, coming second in their group and qualifying to the fourth (and final) round for the first time. [75] In the final round, Lebanon were grouped with Iran, South Korea, Uzbekistan, and Qatar. [83] With only one win and two draws in eight games, Lebanon finished last in Group A and were eliminated. [82]

Lebanon's FIFA World Cup recordQualification record
Host nation(s)
and year
RoundPosPldWDLGFGASquadOutcomePldWDLGFGARef
Flag of Uruguay.svg 1930 Did not participateDid not participate
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg 1934
Flag of France.svg 1938
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg 1950
Flag of Switzerland.svg 1954
Flag of Sweden.svg 1958
Flag of Chile.svg 1962
Flag of England.svg 1966
Flag of Mexico.svg 1970
Flag of Germany.svg 1974
Flag of Argentina.svg 1978
Flag of Spain.svg 1982
Flag of Mexico.svg 1986 WithdrewWithdrew [30]
Flag of Italy.svg 1990 Did not participateDid not participate
Flag of the United States.svg 1994 Did not qualify3rd of 5824289 [34]
Flag of France.svg 1998 2nd of 3411247 [37]
Flag of South Korea.svg Flag of Japan.svg 2002 2nd of 46411265 [45]
Flag of Germany.svg 2006 2nd of 46321115 [49]
Flag of South Africa.svg 2010 First round win, 4th of 48116917 [144]
Flag of Brazil.svg 2014 Second round win, 2nd of 4, 5th of 5135261622 [145]
Flag of Russia.svg 2018 2nd of 58323126 [146]
Flag of Qatar.svg 2022 To be determinedOngoing
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Flag of Mexico.svg Flag of the United States.svg 2026 To be determinedTo be determined
TotalBest: N/A0/21000000Total531913218671
 Champions    Runners-up    Third place    Fourth placeHome venue

AFC Asian Cup

Lebanon's match against Qatar at the 2019 AFC Asian Cup Qatar v Lebanon, 9 January 2019.jpg
Lebanon's match against Qatar at the 2019 AFC Asian Cup

Lebanon's first qualification campaign for the AFC Asian Cup came at the 1972 edition; drawn in Group B of the Western Zone, Lebanon came second thanks to a 3–2 victory over neighbors Syria and advanced to the next stage. [28] In the decisive semi-final match against Iraq, Lebanon lost 4–1 and were knocked-out. [28] Lebanon won a consolatory third-place match against Jordan. [28]

The 2000 edition was Lebanon's first participation in the finals, when the country hosted the event. [38] Following a 4–0 defeat to Iran in the competition's opening match, [41] Lebanon came from behind to draw 2–2 against Iraq; [41] Abbas Chahrour became Lebanon's first goalscorer in the competition. [41] Lebanon drew once again, 1–1 against Thailand, and were eliminated, finishing last in the group. [41]

After finishing the 2019 third round of qualification unbeaten, Lebanon qualified to the Asian Cup for the first time in their history. [96] In the finals, Lebanon lost the first group stage match 2–0 to eventual champions Qatar, [105] before losing once again by the same score to Saudi Arabia. [106] In the final match of the group, Lebanon needed a win by four goals or more against North Korea to qualify to the knock-out stage. [107] Despite conceding an early free-kick goal, Lebanon went on to win the match 4–1 thanks to a brace by Hilal El-Helwe. [107] However, they lost out to Vietnam in the third-place ranking due to having received more yellow cards, and were knocked out of the competition. [107]

Lebanon's AFC Asian Cup recordQualification record
Host nation(s)
and year
RoundPosPldWDLGFGASquadOutcomePldWDLGFGARef
Flag of Hong Kong 1876.svg 1956 Did not participateDid not participate
Flag of South Korea.svg 1960
Flag of Israel.svg 1964
State Flag of Iran (1964).svg 1968
Flag of Thailand.svg 1972 Did not qualify2nd of 3, semi-final loss310247 [28]
State Flag of Iran (1964).svg 1976 WithdrewWithdrew [147]
Flag of Kuwait.svg 1980 Did not qualify3rd of 4311121 [29]
Flag of Singapore.svg 1984 WithdrewWithdrew [148]
Flag of Qatar.svg 1988 Did not participateDid not participate
Flag of Japan.svg 1992
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg 1996 Did not qualify2nd of 3421176 [35]
Flag of Lebanon.svg 2000 Group stage10th of 12302137 Squad Qualified as hosts [41]
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 2004 Did not qualify3rd of 4611428 [47]
Flag of Indonesia.svg Flag of Malaysia.svg Flag of Thailand.svg Flag of Vietnam.svg 2007 WithdrewWithdrew [50]
Flag of Qatar.svg 2011 Did not qualifyPreliminary round win, 4th of 48215814 [57]
Flag of Australia (converted).svg 2015 3rd of 462221214 [149]
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg 2019 Group stage17th of 24310245 Squad 2nd of 5, 1st of 4148332610 [150]
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 2023 Qualified2nd of 56312118
TotalBest: group stage3/186123712Total502010207268
 Champions    Runners-up    Third place/semi-finalists  Home venue

Summer Olympic Games

Lebanon's senior team have never qualified to the Summer Olympics final tournament; their first qualification campaign was for Rome 1960. [151] After losing the first two group stage games against Iraq, Lebanon withdrew and the two remaining matches were awarded to their opponent Turkey. [151] Lebanon participated in two more qualifications, in 1968 and 1972, failing to qualify to the final tournament on both occasions. [152] [153]

Lebanon's Summer Olympic Games recordQualification record
Host nation,
city and year
RoundPosPldWDLGFGASquadOutcomePldWDLGFGARef
Flag of France.svg Paris 1900 Did not participateDid not participate
Flag of the United States.svg St. Louis 1904
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London 1908
Flag of Sweden.svg Stockholm 1912
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Antwerp 1920
Flag of France.svg Paris 1924
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam 1928
Flag of Germany (1935-1945).svg Berlin 1936
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London 1948
Flag of Finland.svg Helsinki 1952
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Melbourne 1956
Flag of Italy.svg Rome 1960 Withdrew3rd of 34004015 [151]
Flag of Japan.svg Tokyo 1964 Withdrew [154]
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico City 1968 Did not qualify3rd of 65212189 [152]
Flag of Germany.svg Munich 1972 First round loss310223 [153]
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Montreal 1976 WithdrewWithdrew [155]
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Moscow 1980 Did not participateDid not participate
Flag of the United States.svg Los Angeles 1984 WithdrewWithdrew [156]
Flag of South Korea.svg Seoul 1988 Did not participateDid not participate
1992–present
See Lebanon national under-23 football team See Lebanon national under-23 football team [157]
TotalBest: N/A0/19Total123182027
 Gold    Silver    Bronze  Home venue

FIFA Arab Cup

Lebanon at the 1963 Arab Cup Lebanon national football team 1963.png
Lebanon at the 1963 Arab Cup

Lebanon have taken part in all iterations of the Arab Cup, except the 1985 and 1992 editions. They hosted the inaugural edition in 1963, in a group containing Tunisia, Syria, Kuwait, and Jordan. [23] After beating Kuwait 6–0 through a hat-trick by Mardik Tchaparian, [24] Lebanon lost 3–2 to Syria, before winning 5–0 against Jordan. [23] In a decisive match against Tunisia, Muhieddine Itani scored an own goal, and Lebanon lost 1–0, finishing third. [23]

Lebanon finished in fourth place in the subsequent two editions (1964 and 1966); ever since, they have failed to go past the group stage. [158] [26]

Lebanon's FIFA Arab Cup recordQualification record
Host nation(s)
and year
RoundPosPldWDLGFGASquadOutcomePldWDLGFGARef
Flag of Lebanon.svg 1963 Third place3rd of 54202134 Squad Qualified as invitees [23]
Flag of Kuwait.svg 1964 Fourth place4th of 5411245 Squad Qualified as invitees [158]
Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg 1966 4th of 963121110 Squad Qualified as invitees [26]
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 1985 Did not participateWithdrew
Flag of Jordan.svg 1988 Group stage6th of 10412124 Squad 2nd of 3201112 [31]
Flag of Syria.svg 1992 Did not participateNo qualifying tournament
Flag of Qatar.svg 1998 Group stage9th of 12201114 Squad 3rd of 4310234 [159]
Flag of Kuwait.svg 2002 8th of 10411257 Squad Qualified as invitees [160]
2009 Cancelled2nd of 4312040 [161]
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 2012 Group stage10th of 10301214 Squad Qualified as invitees [162]
Flag of Qatar.svg 2021 QualifiedWin110010
TotalBest: third place8/102787123738Total933396
 Champions    Runners-up    Third place    Fourth placeHome venue

WAFF Championship

Bar the 2008 and 2010 editions, Lebanon have participated in every WAFF Championship; however, they have failed to qualify past the group stage on all occasions. Their first participation in the WAFF Championship was in 2000, at the inaugural edition. [163] Drawn with Iraq, hosts Jordan, and Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon finished third in their group with one win, one draw, and one loss. [163]

Lebanon's WAFF Championship record
Host nation(s)
and year
RoundPosPldWDLGFGASquadRef
Flag of Jordan.svg 2000 Group stage5th of 8311132 Squad [163]
Flag of Syria.svg 2002 5th of 6200203 Squad [164]
Flag of Iran.svg 2004 6th of 6200217 Squad [165]
Flag of Jordan.svg 2007 6th of 6200204 Squad [166]
Flag of Iran.svg 2008 Did not participate
Flag of Jordan.svg 2010
Flag of Kuwait.svg 2012 Group stage9th of 12310223 Squad [167]
Flag of Qatar.svg 2014 8th of 9201102 Squad [168]
Flag of Iraq.svg 2019 7th of 9411234 Squad [169]
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg 2023 To be determined Squad
TotalBest: group stage8/10183312925
 Champions    Runners-up    Third place/semi-finalists  Home venue

Pan Arab Games

After participating in the inaugural edition of the Pan Arab Games, at Alexandria 1953, [170] Lebanon hosted the 1957 edition. [20] Topping a group containing Syria, Saudi Arabia, and Jordan, Lebanon reached the semi-finals where they lost 4–2 to Tunisia. [20] Due to Morocco withdrawing from the third-place match, Lebanon finished the tournament in third place. [20] Lebanon also came third in 1997, once again as hosts. [171] With two draws and a win, Lebanon came second in their group and qualified to the semi-finals, which they lost after extra time to Syria. [171] Lebanon finished in third place after beating Kuwait 3–1. [171]

Lebanon's Pan Arab Games record
Host nation,
city and year
RoundPosPldWDLGFGASquadRef
Flag of Egypt (1952-1958).svg Alexandria 1953 Group stage5th of 6311114 Squad [170]
Flag of Lebanon.svg Beirut 1957 Third place3rd of 85221106 Squad [20]
Flag of Morocco.svg Casablanca 1961 Fourth place4th of 65203139 Squad [172]
Flag of the United Arab Republic.svg Cairo 1965 Group stage7th of 10411247 Squad [173]
Flag of Syria (1972-1980).svg Damascus 1976 Did not participate
Flag of Morocco.svg Rabat 1985
Flag of Syria.svg Aleppo 1992
Flag of Lebanon.svg Beirut 1997 Third place3rd of 8522197 Squad [171]
Flag of Jordan.svg Amman 1999 Second stage5th of 11521269 Squad [174]
Flag of Egypt.svg Cairo 2007 Did not participate
Flag of Qatar.svg Doha 2011
Flag of Iraq.svg Baghdad 2021 To be determined
Flag of Lebanon.svg Beirut 2025
TotalBest: third place6/1127107104342
 Champions    Runners-up    Third place    Fourth placeHome venue

Asian Games

The Lebanon national senior team only participated once at the Asian Games, at Bangkok 1998. Thanks to a 5–1 win against Cambodia, Lebanon qualified past the preliminary round and were drawn with Qatar, Thailand, and Kazakhstan in the second round. [175] Following two 1–0 defeats, respectively to Qatar and Thailand, Lebanon won 3–0 against Kazakhstan in their final encounter of the group stage. [175] However, the three points weren't enough to qualify Lebanon to the knockout round. [175]

Lebanon's Asian Games record
Host nation,
city and year
RoundPosPldWDLGFGASquadRef
Flag of India.svg New Delhi 1951 Did not participate
Flag of the Philippines.svg Manila 1954
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg Tokyo 1958
Flag of Indonesia.svg Jakarta 1962
Flag of Thailand.svg Bangkok 1966
Flag of Thailand.svg Bangkok 1970
State Flag of Iran (1964).svg Tehran 1974
Flag of Thailand.svg Bangkok 1978
Flag of India.svg New Delhi 1982
Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg Seoul 1986
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Beijing 1990
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg Hiroshima 1994
Flag of Thailand.svg Bangkok 1998 Group stage12th of 23520397 Squad [175]
2002–present
See Lebanon national under-23 football team
TotalBest: group stage1/13520397
 Gold    Silver    BronzeHome venue

Mediterranean Games

Lebanon's first participation at the Mediterranean Games was in 1959, when they hosted the event. [22] They lost both legs against Italy B and Turkey B, finishing last with no points. [22] Lebanon's senior team participated two more times, in 1963 and 1987, failing to qualify past the group stage on both occasions. [176] [177]

Lebanon's Mediterranean Games record
Host nation,
city and year
RoundPosPldWDLGFGASquadRef
Flag of Egypt (1922-1958).svg Alexandria 1951 Did not participate
Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg Barcelona 1955
Flag of Lebanon.svg Beirut 1959 Third place3rd of 3400412 Squad [22]
Flag of Italy.svg Naples 1963 Group stage7th of 9410327 Squad [176]
Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunis 1967 Did not participate
Flag of Turkey.svg İzmir 1971
Flag of Algeria.svg Algiers 1975
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Split 1979
Flag of Morocco.svg Casablanca 1983
Flag of Syria.svg Latakia 1987 Group stage6th of 8301217 Squad [177]
1991–present
See Lebanon national under-20 football team
TotalBest: third place3/1011119416
 Gold    Silver    BronzeHome venue

Other tournaments

Lebanon won their first tournament – albeit unofficial – at the 1964 Tripoli Fair Tournament; with three wins and one draw, Lebanon finished first in a group containing Libya, Morocco, Sudan, and Malta. [27] In 1998 Lebanon participated at the Friendship Tournament in the United Arab Emirates where, with two draws and a defeat, they finished in third place out of four. [178] Lebanon also finished in third place at the 2009 King's Cup in Thailand where, after losing to the hosts in the semi-finals, they won against North Korea in the third-place match. [179]

TournamentRoundRef
Flag of Libya (1951-1969).svg 1964 Tripoli Fair Tournament Champions [27]
Flag of Syria (1972-1980).svg 1974 Kuneitra Cup Group stage [180]
Flag of South Korea.svg 1975 President's Cup Group stage [181]
Flag of South Korea (1949-1984).svg 1978 President's Cup Group stage [182]
Flag of Kuwait.svg 1989 Peace and Friendship Cup Group stage [183]
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg 1998 Friendship Tournament Third place [178]
Flag of Thailand.svg 2009 King's Cup Third place [179]
Flag of India.svg 2009 Nehru Cup Group stage [184]
 Champions    Runners-up    Third place

Records and fixtures

Lebanon's highest winning margin is seven goals, which has been achieved on two occasions: against Pakistan in 2001 (8–1) and against Laos in 2015 (7–0). Their longest winning streak is six wins, and their unbeaten record is 16 consecutive official matches. [99]

The entire match record can be examined on the following articles:

Upcoming fixtures are listed on the 2020–present results page.

See also

Notes and references

Notes

  1. Arabic: المنتخب اللبناني لكرة القدم
    French: Équipe du Liban de football
  2. The FA's of Iran, Egypt, Turkey, and Israel are older. [2]
  3. Both Italian and Turkish sides were made up of amateur players. [22]
  4. Turkmenistan, Myanmar, and North Korea, respectively the lowest, third-lowest, and fourth-lowest-ranked teams in Asia, [55] did not take part in the preliminary round on account of having participated in the 2008 and 2010 AFC Challenge Cup, which acted as qualifying tournaments to the 2011 AFC Asian Cup. [56] Only the Maldives and Lebanon, respectively the second-lowest and fifth-lowest ranked teams, were involved in the preliminary round. [57]
  5. Lebanon's first participation was in the 2000 edition, which they hosted.

Related Research Articles

Football in Lebanon Overview of football in Lebanon

Football is the most popular sport in Lebanon. It was introduced to Lebanon in the late-19th century, becoming particularly popular among teachers and students Christian schools. The Lebanese Football Association (LFA) was formed in 1933 as one of the earliest administrative bodies for association football in the Middle East. The Lebanon national team made its unofficial debut in 1935 against Romanian club CA Timișoara (T.A.C.), while their first official FIFA game was in 1940 against Mandatory Palestine.

South Korea national football team Mens national association team

The South Korea national football team represents South Korea in men's international football and is governed by the Korea Football Association. South Korea has developed and emerged as a major football power in Asia since the 1980s and is historically the most successful Asian football team, having participated in nine consecutive and ten overall FIFA World Cup tournaments, the most for any Asian country. Despite initially going through five World Cup tournaments without winning a match, South Korea became the only Asian team to reach the semi-final stages when they co-hosted the 2002 tournament with Japan. South Korea also won two AFC Asian Cup titles, and finished as runners-up on four occasions. Furthermore, the team won three gold medals and three silver medals at the senior Asian Games. The team is commonly nicknamed the "Reds" by both fans and the media due to the color of their primary kit. The national team's supporting group is officially referred to as the Red Devils.

The Saudi Arabia national football team represents Saudi Arabia in men's international football and The team's colours are green and white. Saudi Arabia are known as Al-Suqour and Al-Akhdhar, The team represents both FIFA and Asian Football Confederation (AFC).

Iraq national football team

The Iraq national football team represents Iraq in international football and is controlled by the Iraq Football Association (IFA), the governing body for football in Iraq. Most of Iraq's home matches are played at the Basra International Stadium.

Kuwait national football team

The Kuwait national football team is the national team of Kuwait and is controlled by the Kuwait Football Association. Kuwait made one World Cup finals appearance, in 1982, managing one point in the group stages. In the Asian Cup, Kuwait reached the final in 1976 and won the tournament in 1980.

The United Arab Emirates national football team represents United Arab Emirates in international association football and serves under the auspices of the country's Football Association.

Indonesia national football team National association football team

The Indonesia national football team represents Indonesia in international football and is controlled by the Football Association of Indonesia (PSSI). This was the first Asian team to participate in the FIFA World Cup, particularly the 1938 edition of the tournament, after its opponent, Japan, withdrew from the qualification heats. The 6–0 loss to eventual finalists Hungary in the first round of the tournament in Reims remains the nation's only appearance in the World Cup. Thus, Indonesia holds the World Cup record as the team with the fewest matches played (1) and one of the teams with the fewest goals scored (0).

Jordan national football team

The Jordan national football team represents Jordan in international football and is controlled by the Jordan Football Association. Jordan have never qualified for the World Cup finals but have appeared four times in the Asian Cup and reached its quarter-final stage in the 2004 and 2011 editions.

Bahrain national football team

The Bahrain national football team represents Bahrain in international football and is controlled by the Bahrain Football Association, which was founded in 1951 and joined FIFA in 1966. They have never reached the World Cup, but have twice come within one match of doing so. Bahrain won the FIFA's most improved team award in 2004, and finished fourth in the 2004 Asian Cup, beating Uzbekistan in the quarter-finals but losing to Japan in the semi-finals 4–3. Bahrain then lost to Iran in the third-place match, thus finishing in fourth place overall. Bahrain had a golden year in 2019, winning both the WAFF Championship and the Arabian Gulf Cup for the first time, under the stewardship of Hélio Sousa.

The Qatar national football team represents Qatar in international football, and is controlled by the Qatar Football Association and AFC.

The Syria national football team represents Syria in association football and is controlled by the Syrian Arab Federation for Football, the governing body for football in Syria. Syria has never qualified for the World Cup finals but did reach the fourth qualification round in 2018. The team is currently banned by FIFA from playing at home, as they have not hosted a game since December 2010.

Yemen national football team National association football team

The Yemen national football team, is the national team of Yemen and is controlled by the Yemen Football Association.

Palestine national football team National association football team of Palestine

The Palestine national football team, controlled by the Palestinian Football Association, represents Palestine in association football. The squad is governed by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) continentally, and FIFA worldwide. While Palestine is yet to qualify for the World Cup, they have participated twice in the Asian Cup: in 2015, after winning the 2014 AFC Challenge Cup, and 2019, their first time through regular qualification. They failed to get past the group stages on both occasions. Palestine's main venue is the Faisal Al-Husseini International Stadium in Al-Ram, however they have been forced to play in neutral stadiums for home matches in numerous occasions due to political issues.

Al Ahed FC Lebanese association football club

Al Ahed Football Club is a football club based in Ouzai, a district in Beirut, Lebanon, that competes in the Lebanese Premier League, the top flight of Lebanese football. The club was founded in 1964 as Al Ahed Al Jadeed, starting in the Third Division, before they first reached the Lebanese Premier League for the first time in 1996.

Roda Antar Lebanese football player and manager

Roda Abdelhassan Antar is a Lebanese professional football manager and former player. Formerly captain of Lebanon, Antar scored 20 goals for his country as a midfielder.

The India national under-23 football team represents India in international under-23 football and is controlled by the All India Football Federation (AIFF). A member of the Asian Football Confederation (AFC), the team is eligible to compete in the Summer Olympic Games, the AFC U-23 Asian Cup, and the Asian Games, subject to qualification.

Hassan Maatouk Lebanese footballer

Hassan Ali Maatouk is a Lebanese professional footballer who plays as a forward for Lebanese Premier League club Ansar and captains the Lebanon national team. Known for his pace and technical skills, Maatouk is Lebanon's all-time top goalscorer and most-capped player; he became a key part of the national team as their captain since 2016.

Lebanon at the AFC Asian Cup

Lebanon have participated twice at the AFC Asian Cup: in 2000, when Lebanon hosted the tournament after healing from the Lebanese Civil War, and in 2019.

This article lists various team and individual football records in relation to the Lebanon national football team. The page currently shows the records as of 15 October 2019.

References

  1. "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 12 August 2021. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 Henshaw 1979, p. 420.
  3. 1 2 Hawi, Grace (25 June 2009). الإعلام الرياضي في لبنان بين شباك السياسة والإهمال [Sports media in Lebanon between politics and neglect]. الأخبار (in Arabic). Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  4. 1 2 3 4 لمحة عن الإتحاد [About the Federation]. الاتحاد اللبناني لكرة القدم (in Arabic). Archived from the original on 27 December 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  5. Sakr 1995, p. 17.
  6. 1 2 تاريخ تاسيس الاتحاد اللبناني لكرة القدم؟ [The date of the establishment of the Lebanese Football Federation?]. Elsport News (in Arabic). 2 March 2013. Archived from the original on 5 April 2019. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  7. Frem, Joseph (7 February 1934). "A propos de la Sélection de l'Equipe de Beyrouth". L'Orient .
  8. Frem, Joseph (15 February 1934). "A la F.L.F.A.". L'Orient .
  9. "All-Beirut vs TAC" (PDF). Al-Kulliyah Review. 3 (4). American University of Beirut. 30 November 1935. p. 317.
  10. النهضة تهزم التاك والتاك يهزم منتخب بيروت[Nahda defeats TAC and TAC defeats the Beirut select team]. An-Nahar . 23 November 1935.
  11. 1 2 3 4 Mubarak, Hassanin; Morrison, Neil. "Lebanon – International Results – Early History". RSSSF . Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  12. 1 2 3 "World Football Elo Ratings: Lebanon". Elo Ratings. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  13. "Lebanon outclassed by Palestine selected". The Palestine Post . 30 April 1940. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  14. Khadra, A. (21 April 1942). "La Vie Sportive". Le Jour (in French).
  15. "Plus homogène et plus rapide que l'équipe libanaise. L'équipe syrienne gagne par 4 buts a 1" [More consistent and faster than the Lebanese team. The Syrian team wins by 4 goals to 1]. Le Jour (in French). 6 May 1947.
  16. "Foot-ball: Le match-revanche Liban-Syrie. L'équipe syrienne gagne par 1 but a 0". Le Jour (in French). 20 May 1947.
  17. "Vinzenz Dittrich". RapidArchiv. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  18. Rota, Davide. "Yugoslav Players and Coaches in Italy". RSSSF . Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  19. 1 2 3 "Our History". Camille Chamoun Sports City. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  20. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Hashim, Refel; Mubarak, Hassanin. "2nd Pan Arab Games, 1957 (Beirut, Lebanon)". RSSSF . Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  21. 1 2 "Asian Coaches Year: Lebanon". AFC Asian Cup . 22 July 2012. Archived from the original on 22 July 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  22. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Jönsson, Mikael; Garin, Erik. "Mediterranean Games 1959 (Beirut, Lebanon)". RSSSF . Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  23. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Morrison, Niel. "Arab Cup 1963 Details". RSSSF . Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  24. 1 2 "Inauguration officielle, hier, de la première "Coupe Arabe"". L'Orient (in French). 1 April 1963.
  25. 1 2 3 4 "Live Scores – Lebanon – Matches". FIFA . Archived from the original on 17 December 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  26. 1 2 3 4 5 Abboud, John; Nygård, Jostein; Qayed, Mohammed. "Arab Cup 1966". RSSSF . Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  27. 1 2 3 "FIFA Official Bulletin No. 42". 1964.
  28. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Panahi, Majeed; Veroeveren, Pieter. "Asian Nations Cup 1972". RSSSF . Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  29. 1 2 Morrison, Neil; Jovanovic, Bojan; Panahi, Majeed; Veroeveren, Pieter. "Asian Nations Cup 1980". RSSSF . Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  30. 1 2 3 4 "World Cup 1986 qualifications". RSSSF . Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  31. 1 2 3 Abboud, John; Nygård, Jostein; Qayed, Mohammed. "Arab Cup 1988". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  32. Olenev, Maxim. "Lebanon National Team Coaches (since 1993)". RSSSF . Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  33. "Statistical Kit: Preliminary Draw for the 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil" (PDF). FIFA.com . 28 June 2011. p. 6. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  34. 1 2 3 "World Cup 1994 qualifications". RSSSF . Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  35. 1 2 3 Stokkermans, Karel. "Asian Nations Cup 1996". RSSSF . Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  36. 1 2 "Thai hero Piyapong takes award". The AFC . February 1997. Archived from the original on 8 July 1997. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  37. 1 2 3 Stokkermans, Karel; Jarreta, Sergio Henrique. "World Cup 1998 Qualifying". RSSSF . Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  38. 1 2 "Lebanon's Asian odyssey". The Guardian . 15 October 2000. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  39. Courtney, Barrie. "International Matches 2000 – Asia". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  40. Khaled, Nasser (22 December 2018). جمال طه: حظوظ لبنان وافرة لتخطي دور المجموعات بكأس آسيا [Jamal Taha: Lebanon has ample chances to overcome the group stage in the Asian Cup]. Kooora. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  41. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Stokkermans, Karel. "Asian Nations Cup 2000". RSSSF . Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  42. 1 2 McIntyre, Scott (17 January 2019). "How diaspora footballers came together under the Lebanese flag". TRT World . Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  43. "Bracket Challenge – Quarter-finals: Abbas Chahrour (LBN) vs Ali Daei (IRN)". The AFC . 6 September 2020. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  44. "Bracket Challenge – Final: Abbas Chahrour (LBN) v Widodo Putra (IDN)". The AFC . 21 September 2020. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  45. 1 2 3 Stokkermans, Karel. "World Cup 2002 Qualifying". RSSSF . Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  46. De Cotta, Ian (21 July 2015). "Wanted: Thinking footballers for the Lions". TODAYOnline . Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  47. 1 2 3 Burkert, Sturmius; Cowlam, Glenn; Díaz Rubio, Julián; Hashim, Refel; Lee, Seungsoo; Naveed, Malik Riaz Hai; Saaid, Hamdan. "Asian Nations Cup 2004". RSSSF . Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  48. "Buddy makes name for himself in Lebanon". The Sydney Morning Herald . 31 October 2003. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  49. 1 2 3 Stokkermans, Karel; Aarhus, Lars; Goloboy, Jim; et al. "World Cup 2006 Qualifying". RSSSF . Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  50. 1 2 Zlotkowski, Andre; Naveed, Malik Riaz Hai. "Asian Nations Cup 2007". RSSSF . Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  51. "Buddy hopes we can be friends". The Sydney Morning Herald . 6 January 2006. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  52. "Lebanon withdraw from Asian Cup". BBC News . 1 August 2006. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  53. 1 2 "Lebanon advance to Round 3". FIFA . 31 October 2007. Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  54. "2010 WC Qualification Asia – 3rd Round". Soccerway. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  55. 1 2 "Australia, Japan top seeds for 2011 Asian Cup draw". Times of Malta . 7 December 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  56. "AFC Asian Cup 2011 and AFC Challenge Cup 2008: AFC announces seedings and revised qualification process". The AFC . 19 December 2007. Archived from the original on 23 December 2007. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  57. 1 2 King, Ian; Di Maggio, Roberto. "Asian Nations Cup 2011". RSSSF . Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  58. 1 2 "Maldives 1–2 Lebanon". The AFC . 23 April 2008. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  59. 1 2 "Lebanon make winning leap". FIFA . FIFA. 22 May 2008. Archived from the original on 6 September 2011. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
  60. "2011 Asian Cup Qualification". Soccerway. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  61. الاتحاد اللبناني يعين أميل رستم مديرا فنيا لمنتخب كرة القدم [The Lebanese Federation appoints Emile Rustom as technical director of the football team]. Radiosawa. 5 November 2008. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  62. 1 2 "2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil™: Bangladesh – Lebanon". FIFA . 28 July 2011. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  63. 1 2 3 "2014 WC Qualification Asia – 3rd Round". Soccerway. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  64. "Lebanon's national football team coach Rustom resigns". The Daily Star Lebanon . 3 August 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  65. Laurie, Kenny (6 August 2011). "A new coach and a new philosophy". The Daily Star Lebanon . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  66. بوكير مدربا لمنتخب لبنان. Eurosport Arabia . 4 August 2011. Archived from the original on 10 December 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  67. Al Gizouli, Hisham (7 September 2011). "UAE's World Cup hopes in tatters". Khaleej Times . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  68. "Lebanon vs. UAE". Soccerway. 6 September 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  69. "Lebanon 2–2 Kuwait". The AFC . 11 October 2011. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  70. Neumann, Jeff (1 March 2012). "Sectarian Violence Makes Getting in to Lebanese Soccer Games a Real Bitch". Vice Media . Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  71. Laurie, Kenny (11 October 2011). "Lebanon draws 2–2 with Kuwait in World Cup qualifier". The Daily Star Lebanon . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  72. "Kuwait 0–1 Lebanon". live-result. 11 November 2011. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  73. "World Football Elo Ratings – Kuwait". eloratings.net. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  74. 1 2 3 Al Masri, O. (16 September 2012). "Lebanon and their march to Brazil 2014". Sportskeeda . Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  75. 1 2 Zahed, Sami (25 December 2011). "Lebanon Beats South Korea and Writes History During 2014 World Cup Qualification". Bleacher Report . Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  76. "2014 WC Qualification Asia – 4th Round". Soccerway. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  77. 1 2 "Lebanon vs. Iran". Soccerway. 11 September 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  78. Crossman, Steve (8 March 2013). "Lebanon head coach reveals anger over match fixing". BBC Sport . Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  79. "Lebanon National Football team players Mahmoud al-Ali, Ramez Dyoub banned for life, fined USD 15,000 for manipulating results". LBCI Lebanon . 26 February 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  80. Crossman, Steve (8 March 2013). "BBC Sport - Lebanon head coach reveals anger over match fixing". BBC News . Archived from the original on 11 March 2013. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
  81. "Uzbekistan vs. Lebanon". ESPN.com . 26 March 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  82. 1 2 "South Korea rallies late to draw Lebanon". Sportsnet . 4 June 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  83. 1 2 3 4 "2015 Asian Cup Qualification". Soccerway. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  84. Barclay, Simon (21 March 2015). The AFC Asian Cup 2015. Lulu.com. p. 44. ISBN   978-1-326-17085-1.
  85. "Lebanon vs. Kuwait". Soccerway. 15 October 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  86. 1 2 Bhunia, Ayan (24 January 2018). "What India can learn from the Lebanese football team". Sportskeeda . Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  87. 1 2 Saad, Abdelkader (9 September 2014). منتخب لبنان يُحرج البرازيليين: ألمانيا ليست أفضل منّا [The Lebanese national team embarrasses the Brazilians: Germany is no better than us]. Al Akhbar Lebanon (in Arabic). Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  88. لبنان يعادل البرازيل 2–2 [Lebanon draw 2–2 against Brazil]. Janoubia (in Arabic). 9 September 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  89. "Qatar vs. Lebanon". Soccerway. 9 October 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  90. "Qatar appoint Uruguayan Carreno as new head coach". Ahram Online. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
  91. "Radulovic to lead Lebanon's qualification charge". The AFC . 8 May 2015. Archived from the original on 30 August 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  92. Lomas, Mark (22 August 2018). "Lebanon coach Miodrag Radulovic ready to take the Cedars to new heights". Arab News . Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  93. 1 2 "2018 WC Qualification Asia – 2nd Round". Soccerway. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  94. 1 2 Windon, Jacob (2 September 2018). "How Lebanon qualified for the 2019 AFC Asian Cup". Socceroos . Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  95. 1 2 "2019 Asian Cup Qualification". Soccerway. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  96. 1 2 "Radulovic's Lebanon continue to climb". FIFA . 14 December 2017. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  97. Williams, Paul (11 November 2017). ""Focus on the future" Maatouk tells team". Arab News . Retrieved 8 October 2018.
  98. Mamrud, Roberto (16 January 2020). "Hassan Ali Maatouk – Goals in International Matches". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  99. 1 2 "Kuwait edge win over Lebanon to break record unbeaten run". MenaFN. 10 November 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  100. Hill, Simon (19 November 2018). "Australia vs Lebanon international friendly preview, teams, Simon Hill analysis". Fox Sports . Retrieved 17 December 2018.
  101. "France, Belgium share first-ever joint FIFA ranking". Daily Trust . 20 September 2018. Archived from the original on 3 May 2019. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  102. "Qatar vs. Lebanon". Soccerway. 9 January 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  103. Levy, Uri (10 January 2019). "Asian Cup 2019: Qatar routs Lebanon in dramatic debut". The New Arab . Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  104. Hùng, Minh (10 January 2019). "Qatar nhọc nhằn đánh bại Lebanon ngày ra quân" [Qatar struggled to defeat Lebanon on the first matchday]. Thể thao 247 (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  105. 1 2 3 "Group E: Qatar 2–0 Lebanon". The AFC . 9 January 2019. Archived from the original on 4 May 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  106. 1 2 3 4 5 "Group E: Lebanon 0–2 Saudi Arabia". The AFC . 12 January 2019. Archived from the original on 3 May 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  107. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Group E: Lebanon 4–1 DPR Korea". The AFC . Archived from the original on 3 May 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  108. الروماني تشوبوتاريو سيتولى تدريب منتخب لبنان (رسمي) [The Romanian Ciobotariu will take over the Lebanese national team (official)]. France 24 (in Arabic). 3 June 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2019.
  109. 1 2 "AsiaCell WAFF Championship 2019 Iraq – Results, fixtures, tables and stats". Global Sports Archive. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  110. "North and South Korea to Meet in 2022 World Cup Qualifiers". The New York Times . 17 July 2019. Archived from the original on 17 July 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  111. "Fifa World Cup 2022 – Fixtures and Standings". The AFC . Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  112. "Update on upcoming FIFA World Cup qualifiers in Asia". FIFA . 9 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  113. "Update on upcoming FIFA World Cup qualifiers". The AFC . 9 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  114. Mahfoud, Maroun (17 June 2020). "Official: Jamal Taha is the new coach for the Lebanese national team". FA Lebanon. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  115. إلغاء نتائج كوريا الشمالية.. فرص لبنان بالتأهل تتضاعف [Cancellation of North Korea results.. Lebanon's chances of qualifying double]. Lebanon FG (in Arabic). 27 May 2021. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  116. التصفيات المونديالية: كيف يتأهّل منتخب لبنان رسمياً؟ [World Cup Qualifiers: How will Lebanon qualify officially?]. Lebanon FG. 29 May 2021. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  117. "Asian Qualifiers – Group H: Lebanon beat Sri Lanka to boost hopes". The AFC . 5 June 2021. Retrieved 15 June 2021.
  118. "Asian Qualifiers – Group H: Turkmenistan dent Lebanon's hopes with late win". The AFC . 9 June 2021. Retrieved 15 June 2021.
  119. Yoo, Jee-ho (13 June 2021). "S. Korea beat Lebanon to wrap up undefeated run in 2nd round in World Cup qualifying". Yonhap News Agency . Retrieved 15 June 2021.
  120. Abou Diab, Rami (15 June 2021). "Historic day for Lebanon". FA Lebanon. Retrieved 15 June 2021.
  121. "Lebanon Team Profile". Global Sports Archive. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  122. خاص- مهدي خليل: قدمنا مباريات جيدة واكتسبنا خبرة كبيرة [Special- Mehdi Khalil: We played good games and gained a lot of experience]. Elsport News (in Arabic). 23 November 2018. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  123. Sakr 1995, p. 24.
  124. Goldberg, Asher (15 March 2012). נבחרת לבנון בתל-אביב [Lebanon team in Tel Aviv]. Israel Football Association (in Hebrew). Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  125. "joseph abou mrad". abdogedeon.com. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  126. "Lebanon's National Soccer team Asia Cup 2000". UPI.com . Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  127. "LEBANON NATIONAL TEAM". CAPELLI SPORT. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  128. "Dr. George Altirs, Chair of USEK Board of Trustees". Holy Spirit University of Kaslik . Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  129. "Capelli Sport – Teams, Kit Designs, Teamwear & History | Small Brands Case Study". Footy Headlines. 10 February 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  130. "Oumari relishing shot at redemption". FIFA . 7 September 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  131. Jabra, James (27 February 2013). "Match-fixing scandal shames Lebanese football". The Daily Star Lebanon . Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  132. "رجال الأرز قادمون".. قلوبنا مع "الأبطال"! ["The Cedars are coming"... our hearts are with "the heroes"!]. Mustaqbal Web (in Arabic). 9 January 2019. Archived from the original on 12 January 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  133. Kundu, Abhishek (12 December 2018). "AFC Asian Cup 2019: Official slogans for all the teams announced". Sportskeeda . Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  134. "Cedars close to qualifying unbeaten for Asian Cup". The Daily Star Lebanon . 27 March 2018. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  135. "About CCSC". Camille Chamoun Sports City. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  136. "Libanon – Iran 0:4 (Asian Cup 2000 Libanon, Gruppe A)". weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  137. "Japan – Saudi-Arabien 1:0 (Asian Cup 2000 Libanon, Finale)". weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  138. "Saida International Stadium". StadiumDB.com. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  139. Strack-Zimmermann, Benjamin. "Saida International Stadium". National Football Teams. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  140. Strack-Zimmermann, Benjamin. "Tripoli Municipal Stadium". National Football Teams. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  141. Strack-Zimmermann, Benjamin. "Beirut Municipal Stadium". National Football Teams. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  142. Lebanese Football Association [@thelfadotcom] (2 September 2021). تشكيلة منتخبنا الوطني أمام شقيقه الإماراتي في الدور النهائي من #التصفيات_الآسيوية. [Our national team squad against the United Arab Emirates in the final round of the #AsianQualifiers.] (Tweet) via Twitter.
  143. "Lebanon Current Squad". FA Lebanon. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  144. King, Ian; Lugo, Erik Francisco; Stokkermans, Karel; Zlotkowski, Andre. "World Cup 2010 Qualifying". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  145. Stokkermans, Stokkermans; Andrés, Juan Pablo; Lugo, Erik Francisco. "World Cup 2014 Qualifying". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  146. King, Ian; Stokkermans, Karel. "World Cup 2018 Qualifying". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  147. Jovanovic, Bojan; Panahi, Majeed; Zarei, Asghar; Veroeveren, Pieter. "Asian Nations Cup 1976". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  148. Morrison, Neil; Panahi, Majeed; Veroeveren, Pieter. "Asian Nations Cup 1984". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  149. Di Maggio, Roberto; Zlotkowski, Andre. "Asian Nations Cup 2015". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  150. Di Maggio, Roberto; Stokkermans, Karel. "Asian Nations Cup 2019". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  151. 1 2 3 Morrison, Niel; Gerrard, Russel. "Games of the XVII. Olympiad – Football Qualifying Tournament". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  152. 1 2 Goihman, Miron. "Games of the XIX. Olympiad – Football Qualifying Tournament". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  153. 1 2 Morrison, Neil. "Games of the XX. Olympiad – Football Qualifying Tournament". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  154. Jönsson, Mikael. "Games of the XVIII. Olympiad – Football Qualifying Tournament". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  155. Elbech, Søren. "Games of the XXI. Olympiad – Football Qualifying Tournament". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  156. Morrison, Neil; Stokkermans, Karel; Gerrard, Russell; Jönsson, Mikael. "Games of the XXIII. Olympiad – Football Qualifying Tournament". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  157. Aarhus, Lars. "Football Tournament of the Olympic Games – Overview". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  158. 1 2 Abboud, John; Nygård, Jostein; Qayed, Mohammed. "Arab Cup 1964". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  159. Chbaro, Mohamed S. "Arab Cup 1998 Details". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  160. Chbaro, Mohamed S.; Qayed, Mohammed. "Arab Cup 2002 Details". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  161. Abboud, John; Nygård, Jostein; Qayed, Mohammed. "Arab Cup 2009". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  162. Abboud, John; Nygård, Jostein; Qayed, Mohammed. "Arab Cup 2012". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  163. 1 2 3 Niqui, Milad; Morrison, Neil. "West Asian Championship [Malek Hussein Cup] (Jordan) 2000". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  164. Courtney, Barrie. "West Asian Championship (Syria) 2002". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  165. Stokkermans, Karel. "West Asian Championship (Iran) 2004". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  166. Stokkermans, Karel. "West Asian Championship (Jordan) 2007". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  167. Courtney, Barrie. "West Asian Championship (Kuwait) 2012". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  168. Morrison, Neil. "West Asian Championship (Qatar) 2014". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  169. Di Maggio, Roberto. "West Asian Championship (Iraq) 2019". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  170. 1 2 Abul-Oyoun, Khaled; Morrison, Niel; Cruickshank, Mark; Hashim, Refel; Mubarak, Hassanin. "1st Pan Arab Games, 1953 (Alexandria, Egypt)". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  171. 1 2 3 4 Qayed, Mohammed. "8th Pan Arab Games, 1997 (Lebanon)". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  172. Jönsson, Mikael. "3rd Pan Arab Games, 1961 (Casablanca, Morocco)". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  173. Mubarak, Hassanin; Hashim, Refel. "4th Pan Arab Games, 1965 (Cairo, Egypt)". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  174. Qayed, Mohammed. "9th Pan Arab Games, 1999 (Jordan)". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  175. 1 2 3 4 Stokkermans, Karel. "Asian Games 1998". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  176. 1 2 Abbink, Dinant; Garin, Erik; Jönsson, Mikael. "Mediterranean Games 1963 (Napoli, Italy)". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  177. 1 2 Abbink, Dinant; Morrison, Neil. "Mediterranean Games 1987 (Syria)". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  178. 1 2 Morrison, Neil; Jovanovic, Bojan. "Friendship Tournament 1998 (UAE)". RSSSF . Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  179. 1 2 King, Ian. "King's Cup 2009". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  180. Cruickshank, Mark; Garin, Erik. "Kuneitra Cup 1974 (Syria)". RSSSF . Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  181. Morrison, Neil. "President Park's Cup 1975 (South Korea)". RSSSF . Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  182. Morrison, Neil. "President Park's Cup 1975 (South Korea)". RSSSF . Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  183. Jovanovic, Bojan. "Islamic Friendship and Peace Festival (Kuwait) 1989". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  184. Chaudhuri, Arunava. "ONGC Nehru Cup 2009". RSSSF . Retrieved 23 March 2020.

Bibliography