2002 FIFA World Cup

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2002 FIFA World Cup
2002 FIFA 월드컵 한국/일본
2002 FIFA Woldeu Keop Hanguk/Ilbon
2002 FIFAワールドカップ 韓国/日本
2002 FIFA Waarudo Kappu Kankoku/Nippon
2002 FIFA World Cup.svg
The official emblem
Tournament details
Host countriesSouth Korea
Japan
Dates31 May – 30 June
Teams32 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)20 (in 20 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil (5th title)
Runners-upFlag of Germany.svg  Germany
Third placeFlag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Fourth placeFlag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea
Tournament statistics
Matches played64
Goals scored161 (2.52 per match)
Attendance2,705,198 (42,269 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo (8 goals)
Best player(s) Flag of Germany.svg Oliver Kahn
Best young player Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg Landon Donovan
Best goalkeeper Flag of Germany.svg Oliver Kahn
Fair play awardFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
1998
2006

The 2002 FIFA World Cup was the 17th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial world championship for men's national football teams organized by FIFA. It was held from 31 May to 30 June 2002 at sites in South Korea and Japan, with its final match hosted by Japan at International Stadium in Yokohama.

Contents

A field of 32 teams qualified for this World Cup, which was the first to be held in Asia, the first to be held outside of the Americas or Europe, as well as the first to be jointly-hosted by more than one nation. China, Ecuador, Senegal and Slovenia made their World Cup debuts.

The tournament had several upsets and surprise results, which included the defending champions France being eliminated in the group stage after earning a single point and second favourites Argentina also being eliminated in the group stage. South Korea controversially managed to reach the semi-finals, beating Portugal, Italy and Spain en route, thus becoming the first and only team from outside Europe and the Americas to reach the last four of a World Cup. However, the most potent team at the tournament, Brazil, prevailed, winning the final against Germany 2–0, making them the first and only country to have won the World Cup five times. [1] The victory qualified Brazil for the 2003 and subsequently 2005 FIFA Confederations Cups, its fourth and fifth Confederations Cup appearance in a row. In the third place play-off match against South Korea, Turkey won 3–2, taking third place in only their second ever FIFA World Cup, and scored the fastest goal in the FIFA World Cup history (10.8 seconds after kick-off). [2]

The 2002 World Cup was also the last one to use the golden goal rule.

Host selection

Korean Air Boeing 747 adorned with 2002 World Cup livery marking South Korea as co-hosts Boeing 747-4B5, Korean Air AN0241562.jpg
Korean Air Boeing 747 adorned with 2002 World Cup livery marking South Korea as co-hosts
Japanese 10,000 yen coin for the 2002 FIFA World Cup FIFA2002-10000yen.jpg
Japanese 10,000 yen coin for the 2002 FIFA World Cup

South Korea and Japan were selected as hosts by FIFA on 31 May 1996. Initially, South Korea, Japan and Mexico presented three rival bids. South Korea's entry into the race was seen by some as a response to the bid of political and sporting rival Japan. [3] FIFA leaders were split on whom to favor as host as politics within the world governing body held sway. [4] With Mexico regarded as a long shot, the battle to host the tournament came down to Japan and South Korea. The two Asian rivals went on a massive and expensive PR blitz around the world, prompting Sultan Ahmad Shah, the head of the Asian Football Confederation, to step in. [3] FIFA boss João Havelange had long backed the Japanese bid, [4] but his rival in FIFA, UEFA chief Lennart Johansson, sought to undermine Havelange's plans. [4] UEFA and the AFC viewed co-hosting between the two Asian rivals as the best option. [4] Japan and South Korea were finally faced with a choice of having no World Cup or a shared World Cup and they reluctantly chose to go along with co-hosting. [4] South Korea and Japan were chosen unanimously as co-hosts in preference to Mexico. [5] This was the first World Cup to be hosted by more than one country, the second being the 2026 World Cup, which will be hosted by the United States, Mexico and Canada. This is also the first ever World Cup to be hosted in Asia, the other being the upcoming 2022 FIFA World Cup twenty years later. The general secretary of South Korea's bidding committee, Song Young-shik, stated that FIFA was interested in staging some matches in North Korea in order to aid Korean reunification, but it was ruled out. [6]

At the time the decision was made, Japan had never qualified for a World Cup finals (although the Japanese did subsequently qualify for the 1998 competition). The only other countries to have been awarded a World Cup without previously having competed in a final tournament are Italy in 1934 and Qatar in 2022 (Uruguay hosted the first World Cup in 1930 so there was no prior tournament; they were defending Olympic champions from 1928).

The unusual choice of host proved an issue for football fans in Europe, used to watching international matches on or close to their time zone. [7] With games taking place in the European morning, some schools and businesses chose to open late on match days or set up communal watching events before the start of work. [8] [9]

Qualification

199 teams attempted to qualify for the 2002 World Cup. The qualification process began with the preliminary draw held in Tokyo on 7 December 1999. Defending champions France and co-hosts South Korea and Japan qualified automatically and did not have to play any qualification matches. This was the final World Cup in which the defending champions qualified automatically. [10]

14 places were contested by UEFA teams (Europe), five by CAF teams (Africa), four by CONMEBOL teams (South America), four by AFC teams (Asia) and three by CONCACAF teams (North and Central America and the Caribbean). The remaining two places were decided by playoffs between AFC and UEFA and between CONMEBOL and OFC (Oceania). Four nations qualified for the finals for the first time: China, Ecuador, Senegal and Slovenia. As of 2018, this was the last time the Republic of Ireland, Turkey and China qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals, as well as the last time Australia and Switzerland failed to qualify.

Turkey qualified for the first time since 1954, Poland and Portugal both qualified for the first time since 1986 and Costa Rica and Uruguay qualified for the first time since 1990. Sweden, Russia and the Republic of Ireland also returned after missing the 1998 World Cup. 1998 semi-finalists the Netherlands, three-time participants in the 1990s Romania and Colombia, and Bulgaria, Morocco and Norway, who had participated in the previous two finals tournaments, alongside Iran which participated in the latest edition, failed to qualify, while South Korea set a record by appearing in a fifth successive finals tournament, the first nation from outside Europe or the Americas to achieve this feat.

All seven previous World Cup-winning nations (Argentina, Brazil, England, France, Germany, Italy, and Uruguay) qualified, which broke the record of most previous champions at a tournament before the record was broken again in 2014. The highest ranked team not to qualify for the finals was Colombia (ranked 4th), while the lowest ranked team that did qualify was China PR (ranked 50th).

List of qualified teams

The following 32 teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings, [11] qualified for the final tournament:

Venues

South Korea and Japan each provided 10 venues, the vast majority of them newly built for the tournament. Groups A–D played all their matches in South Korea and Groups E–H played all their matches in Japan. [12] The stadiums in Daegu, Suwon, Yokohama and Saitama all hosted 4 matches each, while the other 16 stadiums hosted 3 matches each. Notably, no matches were played in Tokyo, making it the first capital of a host country not to have a World Cup venue. [lower-alpha 1]

Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea
Daegu Seoul Busan Incheon Ulsan
Daegu World Cup Stadium Seoul World Cup Stadium Busan Asiad Stadium Incheon World Cup Stadium Ulsan Munsu Football Stadium
Capacity: 68,014 [13] Capacity: 63,961 [14] Capacity: 55,982 [15] Capacity: 52,179 [16] Capacity: 43,550 [17]
Daegu.Stadium.original.2167.jpg seoulweoldeukeobgyeonggijang.jpg BusanAsiadStadium.jpg 2014 Asian Games 4.jpg Munsu 20121110 204310 5.jpg
Suwon Gwangju Jeonju Seogwipo Daejeon
Suwon World Cup Stadium Gwangju World Cup Stadium Jeonju World Cup Stadium Jeju World Cup Stadium Daejeon World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 43,188 [18] Capacity: 42,880 [19] Capacity: 42,391 [20] Capacity: 42,256 [21] Capacity: 40,407 [22]
Suwon right.JPG Gwangju World Cup Stadium.jpg Jeonju World Cup Stadium 2016.jpg Jeju World Cup Stadium, Jeju Island.jpg Daejeon World Cup Stadium.JPG

South Korea

Japan

Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Yokohama Saitama Shizuoka Osaka Miyagi
International Stadium Yokohama Saitama Stadium Shizuoka Stadium ECOPA Nagai Stadium Miyagi Stadium
Capacity: 72,327 [23] Capacity: 63,000 [24] Capacity: 50,600 [25] Capacity: 50,000 [26] Capacity: 49,000 [27]
Nissan International Stadium Yokohama.jpg Saitama Stadium 200113b11.jpg Ecopa030304.jpg Nagai Stadium 20120608 1.jpg MiyagiStadiumTrackField.jpg
Ōita Niigata Kashima Kobe Sapporo
Ōita Stadium Dagger-14-plain.png Niigata Stadium Kashima Stadium Kobe Wing Stadium Sapporo Dome Dagger-14-plain.png
Capacity: 43,000 [28] Capacity: 42,300 [29] Capacity: 42,000 [30] Capacity: 42,000 [31] Capacity: 42,000 [32]
Ooita Stadium20090514.jpg Niigata-Stadium20130911-04.JPG Kashima Stadium 3.JPG Inside View of Kobe Wing Stadium.jpg Sapporo Dome 001.jpeg

Match officials

There was much controversy over the refereeing in the tournament. Questionable decisions in the match between Italy and South Korea resulted in 400,000 complaints, and featured in ESPN's 10 most fabled World Cup controversies. [33] The match between Spain and South Korea featured two controversially disallowed Spanish goals, which Iván Helguera referred to as "a robbery" and led to Spanish press brandishing the officials "thieves of dreams", though FIFA dismissed the incident as human error. [34]

Squads

This was the first World Cup that featured squads of 23 players, an increase from 22 previously. Of the 23 players, 3 must be goalkeepers.

Draw

The eight seeded teams for the 2002 tournament were announced on 28 November 2001. The seeds comprised Pot A in the draw. Pot B contained the remaining 11 European sides; Pot C contained five unseeded qualifiers from CONMEBOL and AFC. Pot D contained unseeded sides from the CONCACAF region and Africa. [35] This was the last FIFA World Cup with the defending champion in Group A. Since 2006, the host nation has automatically drawn to Group A.

Pot APot BPot CPot D

Before the draw, it was arranged that the last three teams in Pot B would be drawn into four groups which did not already contain two European teams and one would be left without a second European team. This was ultimately Group C. No group could contain more than two European teams, no unseeded South American team could be drawn with Brazil or Argentina and no unseeded Asian team could be drawn with South Korea or Japan.

France, as defending champions, were automatically placed in Group A, South Korea were placed in Group D and Japan were placed in Group H. One of the two South American seeds (Brazil and Argentina) had to play in a group played in South Korea and the other had to play in a group played in Japan. In Pot C, China had to play in South Korea (either group A, B or C) which meant that the other Asian team in Pot C (Saudi Arabia) had to play in Japan (either group E, F or G). In Pot D, two or three African teams and one or two CONCACAF teams had to play in either South Korea or Japan.

On 1 December 2001, the draw was held and the group assignments and order of fixtures were determined. Group F was considered the group of death, as it brought together Argentina, England, Nigeria and Sweden.

Group stage

All times are Korea Standard Time and Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)

Champion
Runner-up
Third place
Fourth place
Quarter-finals
Round of 16
Group stage 2002 world cup.png

Groups A, B, C and D based in South Korea. Groups E, F, G and H based in Japan.

In the following tables:

Ato, Kaz and Nik were the 2002 World Cup mascots. Koreajapan2002mascots.png
Ato, Kaz and Nik were the 2002 World Cup mascots.

The teams in the group play were ranked upon

In the original version of the rules for the final tournament, the ranking criteria were in a different order, with head-to-head results taking precedence over total goal difference. The rules were changed to the above in advance of the tournament, but older versions were still available on the FIFA and UEFA websites, causing some confusion among those trying to identify the correct criteria. [36]

Group A

Group A involved the defending champions France, along with Senegal, Uruguay and Denmark. The World Cup started with a 1–0 defeat of France, playing without the injured Zinedine Zidane, by tournament newcomers Senegal in the tournament's opening match held in Seoul, South Korea. [37] On the next day, two goals by Jon Dahl Tomasson gave the Danes a 2–1 victory over Uruguay in Ulsan.

In the second set of Group A matches, France were held to a 0–0 draw in Busan by Uruguay after star striker Thierry Henry was sent off, while in Daegu, Denmark and Senegal drew 1–1. [38]

A 2–0 defeat by Denmark in their last group game in Incheon sealed France's elimination from the World Cup. [39]

France went out of the Cup without even managing to score a goal and earned the unwanted record of the worst World Cup performance by World Cup holders other than Uruguay in 1934, who refused to defend their title. [40]

Senegal drew with Uruguay to clinch their place in the second round, despite Uruguay coming back from 3–0 down to draw 3–3, in their last group game in Suwon. The South Americans could not find the fourth goal that would have kept them in the Cup and thus were out of the tournament. [41] At the end, Denmark won Group A with 7 points, followed by Senegal with 5 points. Uruguay were eliminated with 2 points and holders France with 1 point.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 321052+37Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 312054+15
3Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 30214512
4Flag of France.svg  France 30120331
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
31 May 2002
France  Flag of France.svg 0–1 Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal Seoul World Cup Stadium, Seoul
1 June 2002
Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg 1–2 Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Munsu Cup Stadium, Ulsan
6 June 2002
Denmark  Flag of Denmark.svg 1–1 Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal Daegu World Cup Stadium, Daegu
France  Flag of France.svg 0–0 Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Asiad Main Stadium, Busan
11 June 2002
Denmark  Flag of Denmark.svg 2–0 Flag of France.svg  France Incheon Munhak Stadium, Incheon
Senegal  Flag of Senegal.svg 3–3 Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Suwon World Cup Stadium, Suwon

Group B

Spain in Group B became one of only two teams to pick up maximum points, seeing off both Slovenia and Paraguay (in Gwangju and Jeonju respectively) 3–1 before defeating South Africa 3–2 in Daejeon. [42]

Paraguay advanced over a late goal, winning 3–1 over newcomer Slovenia in Seogwipo to tie with South Africa on goal difference (they were already tied with four points, having drawn 2–2 in their opening game against each other in Busan). As a result, Paraguay advanced to the second round on the goals scored tiebreaker, scoring six goals compared to South Africa's five. [43]

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 330094+59Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay 31116604
3Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 31115504
4Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 30032750
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
2 June 2002
Paraguay  Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg 2–2 Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Asiad Main Stadium, Busan
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 3–1 Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Gwangju World Cup Stadium, Gwangju
7 June 2002
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 3–1 Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay Jeonju World Cup Stadium, Jeonju
8 June 2002
South Africa  Flag of South Africa.svg 1–0 Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Daegu World Cup Stadium, Daegu
12 June 2002
South Africa  Flag of South Africa.svg 2–3 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Daejeon World Cup Stadium, Daejeon
Slovenia  Flag of Slovenia.svg 1–3 Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay Jeju World Cup Stadium, Seogwipo

Group C

Group C saw Brazil become the other team to win all three of their Group matches, defeating Turkey 2–1 in Ulsan, China 4–0 in Seogwipo and Costa Rica 5–2 in Suwon. [44] [45] Turkey also advanced to the next round, defeating Costa Rica on goal difference after both teams were tied with 4 points each. [46] China, coached by Bora Milutinović (the fifth national team he coached in five consecutive World Cups), finished bottom of the group with no goals and no points. [47]

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3300113+89Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 311153+24
3Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 31115614
4Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR 30030990
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
3 June 2002
Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 2–1 Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Munsu Cup Stadium, Ulsan
4 June 2002
China PR  Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 0–2 Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Gwangju World Cup Stadium, Gwangju
8 June 2002
Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 4–0 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR Jeju World Cup Stadium, Seogwipo
9 June 2002
Costa Rica  Flag of Costa Rica.svg 1–1 Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Incheon Munhak Stadium, Incheon
13 June 2002
Costa Rica  Flag of Costa Rica.svg 2–5 Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Suwon World Cup Stadium, Suwon
Turkey  Flag of Turkey.svg 3–0 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR Seoul World Cup Stadium, Seoul

Group D

Group D saw co-host South Korea, Poland, United States, and Portugal square off against each other. South Korea and Poland started group play in Busan, where South Korea earned their first ever World Cup victory, defeating Poland 2–0. United States shocked group favorites Portugal in Suwon the next day, defeating them 3–2 after a Beto goal and an own goal from Jeff Agoos did not fully claw back the American lead from goals by John O'Brien and Brian McBride along with a Jorge Costa own goal. South Korea and United States then faced off in Daegu, where excellent goalkeeping by Brad Friedel and Lee Woon-jae resulted in a 1–1 draw, while a hat-trick by Pauleta gave the Portuguese a comfortable 4–0 win against Poland in Jeonju. In the final round of group games, South Korea eliminated Portugal in Incheon thanks to a 70th-minute goal by Park Ji-sung, finishing the game 1–0 victors, while Poland defeated the United States 3–1 in Daejeon to gain a consolation victory. South Korea topped the group and advanced beyond the first round for the first time ever with seven points, while the United States placed second with four points. Portugal and Poland were eliminated with three points each in third and fourth places respectively.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea (H)321041+37Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg  United States 31115614
3Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 310264+23
4Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 31023743
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
(H) Host
4 June 2002
South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg 2–0 Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Asiad Main Stadium, Busan
5 June 2002
United States  Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg 3–2 Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Suwon World Cup Stadium, Suwon
10 June 2002
South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg 1–1 Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg  United States Daegu World Cup Stadium, Daegu
Portugal  Flag of Portugal.svg 4–0 Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Jeonju World Cup Stadium, Jeonju
14 June 2002
Portugal  Flag of Portugal.svg 0–1 Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea Incheon Munhak Stadium, Incheon
Poland  Flag of Poland.svg 3–1 Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg  United States Daejeon World Cup Stadium, Daejeon

Group E

Group E saw Germany play against Saudi Arabia, the Republic of Ireland and Cameroon. Ireland and Cameroon started group play in Niigata in a 1–1 draw, while Germany thrashed Saudi Arabia 8–0 in Sapporo. In Ibaraki, Germany held a 1–0 lead over the Republic of Ireland thanks to a 19th-minute goal by Miroslav Klose, only to draw 1–1 due to a sensational 92nd-minute equaliser by Robbie Keane. Saudi Arabia bowed out of the tournament with a 1–0 defeat against Cameroon in Saitama, thanks to a second-half goal by Samuel Eto'o. In the final matches of Group E, Germany sent Cameroon out of the tournament, winning 0–2 in Shizuoka with goals by Marco Bode and Miroslav Klose, while Ireland defeated Saudi Arabia 3–0 in Yokohama with goals by Robbie Keane, Gary Breen and Damien Duff. The Germany-Cameroon match was notable for producing a total of 16 yellow cards, including one yellow-red card for each team. Together with 2006's round of 16 match between Portugal and the Netherlands, it holds the record for most yellow cards in a World Cup match. Germany advanced with seven points and Ireland followed along with five points, while Cameroon was eliminated with four points. Saudi Arabia produced the poorest performance of all the teams at the tournament, being eliminated without a single point or goal and conceding 12 goals.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 3210111+107Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland 312052+35
3Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 31112314
4Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 3003012120
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
1 June 2002
Republic of Ireland  Flag of Ireland.svg 1–1 Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon Niigata Stadium, Niigata
Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 8–0 Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia Sapporo Dome, Sapporo
5 June 2002
Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 1–1 Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland Kashima Soccer Stadium, Ibaraki
6 June 2002
Cameroon  Flag of Cameroon.svg 1–0 Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia Saitama Stadium 2002, Saitama
11 June 2002
Cameroon  Flag of Cameroon.svg 0–2 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Shizuoka Stadium, Shizuoka
Saudi Arabia  Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 0–3 Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland International Stadium Yokohama, Yokohama

Group F

Group F was nicknamed the "group of death", featuring Argentina, Nigeria, England and Sweden. Argentina won their opening game in Ibaraki 1–0 against Nigeria thanks to a second-half goal by Gabriel Batistuta, while in Saitama England and Sweden drew 1–1 thanks to goals by Sol Campbell and Niclas Alexandersson. Sweden and Nigeria faced off in Kobe, where two goals by Henrik Larsson eliminated Nigeria 2–1. Meanwhile, in Sapporo, England won 1–0 over Argentina for their first World Cup win against their South American rival since 1966, thanks to a penalty from captain David Beckham – who had been sent off when Argentina had beaten England in the round of 16 four years earlier in Saint-Étienne. In the final matches of Group F, England and Nigeria drew 0–0 in Osaka, while Sweden and Argentina drew 1–1 in Miyagi. Sweden and England advanced from Group F, first and second respectively with five points each, at the expense of Argentina's four points, while Nigeria finished last with one point. This was the first time since 1962 that Argentina had failed to advance to the second round.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 312043+15Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of England.svg  England 312021+15
3Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 31112204
4Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 30121321
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
2 June 2002
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 1–0 Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Kashima Soccer Stadium, Ibaraki
England  Flag of England.svg 1–1 Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Saitama Stadium 2002, Saitama
7 June 2002
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 2–1 Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Kobe Wing Stadium, Kobe
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 0–1 Flag of England.svg  England Sapporo Dome, Sapporo
12 June 2002
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 1–1 Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Miyagi Stadium, Miyagi
Nigeria  Flag of Nigeria.svg 0–0 Flag of England.svg  England Nagai Stadium, Osaka

Group G

Group G saw Italy, Ecuador, Croatia and Mexico play against each other. Niigata saw the start of the group games, with Mexico winning 1–0 over Croatia, thanks to a penalty converted by Cuauhtémoc Blanco. Later that night in Sapporo, Italy defeated newcomers Ecuador 2–0 with ease, having both goals scored by Christian Vieri. Italy and Croatia faced off a few days later in Ibaraki, where Croatia pulled off a surprise 2–1 victory. The next day saw Mexico earn a vital 2–1 victory over Ecuador in Miyagi. In the final matches of Group G, Mexico and Italy drew 1–1 in Ōita, while Ecuador achieved their first ever World Cup victory, defeating Croatia 1–0 in Yokohama. Mexico won Group G with seven points, while Italy survived with four points. Croatia and Ecuador were eliminated with three points in third and fourth places respectively, with the former failing to repeat their surprise performance from 1998 despite their victory against Italy.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 321042+27Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 311143+14
3Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 31022313
4Flag of Ecuador (1900-2009).svg  Ecuador 31022423
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
3 June 2002
Croatia  Flag of Croatia.svg 0–1 Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Niigata Stadium, Niigata
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 2–0 Flag of Ecuador (1900-2009).svg  Ecuador Sapporo Dome, Sapporo
8 June 2002
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 1–2 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Kashima Soccer Stadium, Ibaraki
9 June 2002
Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 2–1 Flag of Ecuador (1900-2009).svg  Ecuador Miyagi Stadium, Miyagi
13 June 2002
Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 1–1 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Ōita Stadium, Ōita
Ecuador  Flag of Ecuador (1900-2009).svg 1–0 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia International Stadium Yokohama, Yokohama

Group H

Group H saw co-hosts Japan square off against Belgium, Russia and Tunisia. Japan earned their first World Cup points in a 2–2 draw against Belgium in Saitama, while Russia earned a 2–0 victory over Tunisia in Kobe. Japan would get their first ever World Cup victory a few days later in Yokohama, defeating Russia 1–0 through a second-half goal by Junichi Inamoto, while Belgium and Tunisia drew 1–1 in Ōita. In the final matches of Group H, Japan defeated Tunisia, winning 0–2 in Osaka, while Belgium survived against Russia in Shizuoka, winning 3–2. Japan won Group H with seven points, while Belgium advanced with five points. Russia was eliminated with three points and Tunisia was eliminated with one point.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Japan.svg  Japan (H)321052+37Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 312065+15
3Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 31024403
4Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 30121541
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
(H) Host
4 June 2002
Japan  Flag of Japan.svg 2–2 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Saitama Stadium 2002, Saitama
5 June 2002
Russia  Flag of Russia.svg 2–0 Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Kobe Wing Stadium, Kobe
9 June 2002
Japan  Flag of Japan.svg 1–0 Flag of Russia.svg  Russia International Stadium Yokohama, Yokohama
10 June 2002
Tunisia  Flag of Tunisia.svg 1–1 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Ōita Stadium, Ōita
14 June 2002
Tunisia  Flag of Tunisia.svg 0–2 Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Nagai Stadium, Osaka
Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 3–2 Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Shizuoka Stadium, Shizuoka

Knockout stage

South Koreans watching their country playing in a knock out game on the big screens in Seoul Plaza Seoul Plaza 2002 FIFA World Cup.jpg
South Koreans watching their country playing in a knock out game on the big screens in Seoul Plaza

For the second round, quarter-finals and semi-finals, the qualifiers from Groups A, C, F and H played their games in Japan while the qualifiers from Groups B, D, E and G played their games in South Korea. Daegu, South Korea, hosted the third-place match while Yokohama, Japan, hosted the final.

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
15 June – Seogwipo
 
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1
 
21 June – Ulsan
 
Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay 0
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1
 
17 June – Jeonju
 
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0
 
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 0
 
25 June – Seoul
 
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1
 
16 June – Suwon
 
Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea 0
 
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain (p)1 (3)
 
22 June – Gwangju
 
Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland 1 (2)
 
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 0 (3)
 
18 June – Daejeon
 
Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea (p)0 (5)
 
Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea (a.s.d.e.t.)2
 
30 June – Yokohama
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 0
 
15 June – Niigata
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2
 
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 0
 
21 June – Shizuoka
 
Flag of England.svg  England 3
 
Flag of England.svg  England 1
 
17 June – Kobe
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2
 
26 June – Saitama
 
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 0
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1
 
16 June – Ōita
 
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 0 Third place
 
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1
 
22 June – Osaka 29 June – Daegu
 
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal (a.s.d.e.t.)2
 
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 0Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea 2
 
18 June – Miyagi
 
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey (a.s.d.e.t.)1Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 3
 
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 0
 
 
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 1
 

Round of 16

In the round of 16, Germany beat Paraguay 1–0 with a late goal by Oliver Neuville in Seogwipo. England defeated Denmark in Niigata 3–0, with all goals occurring in the first half of the game. Sweden and Senegal faced off in Ōita and finished 1–1 in regular time and it took a golden goal from Henri Camara in extra time to settle the game for Senegal 2–1. Spain and Ireland played in Suwon, where Spain led most of the match 1–0 until a late penalty kick scored by Robbie Keane made the match go to extra time, where Spain emerged victorious in a penalty shoot-out. The United States beat CONCACAF rivals Mexico 2–0 in Jeonju with Brian McBride and Landon Donovan scoring the goals. Brazil defeated Belgium 2–0 in Kobe, with an amazing volley by Rivaldo and a splendid counter-attack goal by Ronaldo. Turkey ended co-hosts Japan's run with a 1–0 win in Miyagi, thanks to a Ümit Davala goal in the 12th minute. The other co-hosts, South Korea, defeated Italy 2–1 in extra time in Daejeon with a goal by Ahn Jung-hwan in the 117th minute. [48] South Korea's win ensured that, for the very first time in the Cup's history, teams from five continents – Europe, North America, South America, Africa and Asia – reached the quarter-finals of the same tournament.

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg1–0Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay
Neuville Soccerball shade.svg 88' Report

Denmark  Flag of Denmark.svg0–3Flag of England.svg  England
Report Ferdinand Soccerball shade.svg 5'
Owen Soccerball shade.svg 22'
Heskey Soccerball shade.svg 44'
Big Swan Stadium, Niigata
Attendance: 40,582
Referee: Markus Merk (Germany)

Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg1–2 (a.e.t.)Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal
Larsson Soccerball shade.svg 11' Report Camara Soccerball shade.svg 37', Soccerball shade gold.svg 104'
Big Eye Stadium, Ōita
Attendance: 39,747
Referee: Ubaldo Aquino (Paraguay)


Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg0–2Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Report McBride Soccerball shade.svg 8'
Donovan Soccerball shade.svg 65'

Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg2–0Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Rivaldo Soccerball shade.svg 67'
Ronaldo Soccerball shade.svg 87'
Report
Kobe Wing Stadium, Kobe
Attendance: 40,440
Referee: Peter Prendergast (Jamaica)

Japan  Flag of Japan.svg0–1Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Report Ümit Davala Soccerball shade.svg 12'
Miyagi Stadium, Rifu
Attendance: 45,666
Referee: Pierluigi Collina (Italy)

South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg2–1 (a.e.t.)Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Seol Ki-Hyeon Soccerball shade.svg 88'
Ahn Jung-Hwan Soccerball shade gold.svg 117'
Report Vieri Soccerball shade.svg 18'
Daejeon World Cup Stadium, Daejeon
Attendance: 38,588
Referee: Byron Moreno (Ecuador)

Quarter-finals

In the quarter-finals, England and Brazil squared off in Shizuoka, where Ronaldinho scored a free-kick goal over England's David Seaman early in the second half as Brazil won 2–1. [49] The United States lost to Germany 1–0 in Ulsan by a Michael Ballack goal in the 39th minute, but controversy surrounded the game when United States demanded the referee give a penalty for a goal-line handball by Torsten Frings in the 49th minute, but the referee did not award the penalty. South Korea got another success in Gwangju in a controversial manner, overcoming Spain 5–3 on penalties after a 0–0 draw in which the Spaniards twice thought they had scored while onside; however, the efforts were disallowed by the referee with controversial decisions. [50] [51] The hosts became the first team in the Asian Football Confederation to reach the semi-finals of the World Cup, eclipsing the record of their North Korean counterparts who reached the quarter-finals in 1966. They also became the first World Cup semi-final team not from UEFA or CONMEBOL since the United States did it in the first World Cup in 1930. Turkey defeated Senegal 1–0 in Osaka, with a golden goal scored by İlhan Mansız in the 93rd minute.

England  Flag of England.svg1–2Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Owen Soccerball shade.svg 23' Report Rivaldo Soccerball shade.svg 45+2'
Ronaldinho Soccerball shade.svg 50'
Stadium Ecopa, Shizuoka
Attendance: 47,436
Referee: Felipe Ramos (Mexico)

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg1–0Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ballack Soccerball shade.svg 39' Report
Munsu Cup Stadium, Ulsan
Attendance: 37,337
Referee: Hugh Dallas (Scotland)


Senegal  Flag of Senegal.svg0–1 (a.e.t.)Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Report İlhan Soccerball shade gold.svg 94'
Nagai Stadium, Osaka
Attendance: 44,233
Referee: Óscar Ruiz (Colombia)

Semi-finals

The semi-finals saw 1-0 games; the first semi-final, played in Seoul, saw Michael Ballack's goal suffice for Germany to eliminate South Korea. However, Ballack had already received a yellow card during the match before, which forced him to miss the final based on accumulated yellow cards. [52] The next day in Saitama saw Ronaldo score a goal early in the second half, his sixth of the competition for Brazil, to defeat Turkey in a replay of their Group C encounter. [53] [54]

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg1–0Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea
Ballack Soccerball shade.svg 75' Report
Seoul World Cup Stadium, Seoul
Attendance: 65,256
Referee: Urs Meier (Switzerland)

Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg1–0Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Ronaldo Soccerball shade.svg 49' Report
Saitama Stadium, Saitama
Attendance: 61,058
Referee: Kim Milton Nielsen (Denmark)

Third place play-off

In the third-place match in Daegu, Turkey beat the South Koreans 3–2, their first goal coming from Hakan Şükür straight from the opening kick-off (even though South Korea kicked off) in 10.8 seconds, the fastest ever goal in World Cup history. [55]

South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg2–3Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Lee Eul-yong Soccerball shade.svg 9'
Song Chong-gug Soccerball shade.svg 90+3'
Report Şükür Soccerball shade.svg 1'
İlhan Soccerball shade.svg 13', 32'
Daegu World Cup Stadium, Daegu
Attendance: 63,483
Referee: Saad Mane (Kuwait)

Final

In the final match held in Yokohama, Japan, two goals from Ronaldo secured the World Cup for Brazil as they claimed victory over Germany. [56] Ronaldo scored twice in the second half and, after the game, won the Golden Shoe award for the tournament's leading scorer with eight goals. [57] This was the fifth time Brazil had won the World Cup, cementing their status as the most successful national team in the history of the competition. Brazil became the only team since Argentina in 1986 to win the trophy without needing to win a penalty shoot-out at some stage during the knockout phase and the total number of penalty shoot-outs (2) was the lowest since the four-round knockout format was introduced in 1986. Brazil also became the first team to win every match at a World Cup since 1970 and set a new record for highest aggregate goal difference (+14) for a World Cup winner. Brazil's captain Cafu, who became the first player to appear in three successive World Cup finals, accepted the trophy on behalf of the team.

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg0–2Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Report Ronaldo Soccerball shade.svg 67', 79'

Statistics

Goalscorers

Ronaldo won the Golden Shoe after scoring eight goals. In total, 161 goals were scored by 109 players, with three of them credited as own goals. Two of those own goals were in the same match, marking the first time in FIFA World Cup history that own goals had been scored by both teams in the same match.

Disciplinary statistics

Awards

Golden Boot [60] Golden Ball [60] Yashin Award [60] Best Young Player [60] FIFA Fair Play Trophy [60] Most Entertaining Team [60]
Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo Flag of Germany.svg Oliver Kahn 1 Flag of Germany.svg Oliver Kahn Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg Landon Donovan Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea

1 Oliver Kahn is the only goalkeeper to have won the Golden Ball in FIFA World Cup history. [61]

All-star team

GoalkeepersDefendersMidfieldersForwards

Flag of Germany.svg Oliver Kahn
Flag of Turkey.svg Rüştü Reçber

Flag of England.svg Sol Campbell
Flag of Spain.svg Fernando Hierro
Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg Hong Myung-bo
Flag of Turkey.svg Alpay Özalan
Flag of Brazil.svg Roberto Carlos

Flag of Germany.svg Michael Ballack
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg Claudio Reyna
Flag of Brazil.svg Rivaldo
Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldinho
Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg Yoo Sang-chul

Flag of Senegal.svg El Hadji Diouf
Flag of Germany.svg Miroslav Klose
Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo
Flag of Turkey.svg Hasan Şaş

Source: USA Today, 29 June 2002

Final standings

After the tournament, FIFA published a ranking of all teams that competed in the 2002 World Cup finals based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition. [62]

PosGrpTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsResult
1 C Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 7700184+14211st
2 E Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 7511143+11162nd
3 C Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 7412106+4133rd
4 D Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea 732286+2114th
5 B Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 5320105+511Eliminated in the quarter-finals
6 F Flag of England.svg  England 522163+38
7 A Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 522176+18
8 D Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg  United States 52127707
9 H Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 421153+27Eliminated in the round of 16
10 A Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 42115507
11 G Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 42114407
12 E Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland 413063+36
13 F Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 41215505
14 H Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 41216715
15 G Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 41125504
16 B Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay 41126714
17 B Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 31115504Eliminated in the group stage
18 F Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 31112204
19 C Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 31115614
20 E Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 31112314
21 D Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 310264+23
22 H Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 31024403
23 G Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 31022313
24 G Flag of Ecuador (1900-2009).svg  Ecuador 31022423
25 D Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 31023743
26 A Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 30214512
27 F Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 30121321
28 A Flag of France.svg  France 30120331
29 H Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 30121541
30 B Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 30032750
31 C Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR 30030990
32 E Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 3003012120
Source: [ citation needed ]

Sponsorship

The sponsors of the 2002 FIFA World Cup are divided into two categories: FIFA World Cup Sponsors and South Korea and Japan Supporters. [63] [64]

Ticket sales problem

The original domestic ticket allocation had fully sold out and the organising committee completed sales of tickets returned from the international allocation by the end of April. However, it was obvious at the opening matches that there were a significant number of empty seats. [80] It was gradually revealed that the World Cup Ticketing Bureau (WCTB) still had unsold tickets in its possession. After FIFA agreed to sell this inventory, JAWOC undertook sales over telephone and WCTB handled the internet sales. [81] For the second round Japan vs. Turkey match in Miyagi in particular, although it was reported by both parties that all tickets had been sold, some 700 seats remained empty.

Controversies

The tournament was criticized for many poor and questionable refereeing decisions. [82] South Korea in particular faced scrutiny and allegations of corruption due to the favorable decisions they received in their controversial victories over Portugal in the Group Stages, Italy in the Round of 16 and over Spain in the quarter-finals. [83] [48] [51]

Cultural event

In Search of Fresh Air. Banner by Ray L. Burggraf. "In Search of Fresh Air", by Ray L. Burggraf.jpg
In Search of Fresh Air. Banner by Ray L. Burggraf.

The official FIFA cultural event of the 2002 World Cup was a flag festival called Poetry of the Winds. [84] Held in Nanjicheon Park, an area of the World Cup Park close to the stadium, [85] [86] Poetry of the Winds was exhibited from 29 May to 25 June in order to wish success upon the World Cup and promote a festive atmosphere. During the flag art festival, hand-painted flags from global artists were displayed as a greeting to international guests in a manner that was designed to promote harmony (2002 Flag Art Festival Executive Committee). [84]

Aftermath and legacy

The tournament had a major economic impact on both South Korea and Japan, generating an estimated US$1.3 billion in revenue. [87] Spending from World Cup tourists in South Korea created US$307 million in direct income and US$713 million in valued added. [87] Japan spent an estimated US$5.6 billion on preparations for the event, which had a US$24.8 billion impact on the Japanese economy and accounted for 0.6% of their GDP in 2002. [88]

See also

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