2002 FIFA World Cup

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2002 FIFA World Cup
2002 FIFA 월드컵 한국/일본
2002 FIFA Woldeu Keop Hanguk/Ilbon
2002 FIFAワールドカップ 韓国/日本
2002 FIFA Waarudo Kappu Kankoku/Nippon
2002 FIFA World Cup.svg
2002 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host countriesSouth Korea
Japan
Dates31 May – 30 June
Teams32 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)20 (in 20 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil (5th title)
Runners-upFlag of Germany.svg  Germany
Third placeFlag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Fourth placeFlag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea
Tournament statistics
Matches played64
Goals scored161 (2.52 per match)
Attendance2,705,197 (42,269 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo (8 goals)
Best player(s) Flag of Germany.svg Oliver Kahn
Best young player Flag of the United States.svg Landon Donovan
Best goalkeeper Flag of Germany.svg Oliver Kahn
Fair play awardFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
1998
2006

The 2002 FIFA World Cup was the 17th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial world championship for men's national football teams organized by FIFA. It was held from 31 May to 30 June 2002 at sites in South Korea and Japan, with its final match hosted by Japan at International Stadium in Yokohama.

FIFA World Cup association football competition for mens national teams

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

South Korea Republic in East Asia

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia under Gwanggaeto the Great. Its capital, Seoul, is a major global city and half of South Korea's 51 million people live in the Seoul Capital Area, the fourth largest metropolitan economy in the world.

Contents

A field of 32 teams qualified for this World Cup, which was the first to be held in Asia, the first to be held outside of the Americas or Europe, as well as the first to be jointly-hosted by more than one nation. China, Ecuador, Senegal and Slovenia made their World Cup debuts.

Asia Earths largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres

Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Europe and Africa. Asia covers an area of 44,579,000 square kilometres (17,212,000 sq mi), about 30% of Earth's total land area and 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area. The continent, which has long been home to the majority of the human population, was the site of many of the first civilizations. Asia is notable for not only its overall large size and population, but also dense and large settlements, as well as vast barely populated regions. Its 4.5 billion people constitute roughly 60% of the world's population.

China national football team mens national association football team representing the Peoples Republic of China

The Chinese national football team, recognized as China PR by FIFA, is the national association football team of the People's Republic of China and is governed by the Chinese Football Association. The team is colloquially referred to as "Team China", the "National Team" or "Guózú".

Ecuador national football team mens national association football team representing Ecuador

The Ecuador national football team represents Ecuador in international football competitions and is controlled by the Ecuadorian Football Federation. They play official home matches at Estadio Olímpico Atahualpa in Quito.

The tournament had several upsets and surprise results, which included the defending champions France being eliminated in the group stage after earning a single point and second favourites Argentina also being eliminated in the group stage. South Korea managed to reach the semi-finals, beating Spain, Italy and Portugal en route. However, the most potent team at the tournament, Brazil, prevailed, winning the final against Germany 2–0, making them the first and only country to have won the World Cup five times. [1] The victory qualified Brazil for the 2003 and subsequently 2005 FIFA Confederations Cups, its fourth and fifth Confederations Cup appearance in a row. In the third place play-off match against South Korea, Turkey won 3–2, taking third place in only their second ever FIFA World Cup. [2]

France national football team mens national association football team representing France

The France national football team represents France in international football and is controlled by the French Football Federation, also known as FFF, or in French: Fédération française de football. The team's colours are blue, white and red, and the coq gaulois its symbol. France are colloquially known as Les Bleus. The French side are the reigning World Cup holders, having won the 2018 FIFA World Cup on 15 July 2018.

Argentina national football team Mens national association football team representing Argentina

The Argentina national football team represents Argentina in football. Argentina's home stadium is Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti in Buenos Aires.

South Korea national football team mens national association football team representing South Korea

The Korea Republic national football team represents South Korea in international association football and is organised by the Korea Football Association.

The 2002 World Cup was also the last one to use the golden goal rule.

The golden goal or golden point is a rule used in association football, bandy, lacrosse, field hockey, ice hockey, floorball and korfball to decide the winner of a match in which scores are equal at the end of normal time. It is a type of sudden death. Under this rule, the game will end when a goal or point is scored; the team that scores that goal or point during extra time will be the winner. Introduced formally in 1992, though with some history before that, the rule ceased to apply to most FIFA-authorized football games in 2004. The similar silver goal supplemented the golden goal between 2002 and 2004.

Host selection

South Korea and Japan were selected as hosts by FIFA on 31 May 1996. Initially, South Korea, Japan and Mexico presented three rival bids. South Korea's entry into the race was seen by some as a response to the bid of political and sporting rival Japan. [3] FIFA leaders were split on who to favor as host as politics within the world governing body held sway. [4] With Mexico regarded as a long shot, the battle to host the tournament came down to Japan and South Korea. The two Asian rivals went on a massive and expensive PR blitz around the world, prompting Sultan Ahmad Shah, the head of the Asian Football Confederation, to step in. [5] FIFA boss Joao Havelange had long backed the Japanese bid, [6] but his rival in FIFA, UEFA chief Lennart Johansson, sought to undermine Havelange's plans. [4] UEFA and the AFC viewed cohosting between the two Asian rivals as the best option. [4] Japan was finally faced with a choice of having no World Cup or half a World Cup and they reluctantly chose to go along with co-hosting. [4] South Korea and Japan were chosen unanimously as co-hosts in preference to Mexico. [7] This was the first World Cup to be hosted by more than one country, the second being the 2026 World Cup, which will be hosted by the United States, Mexico and Canada. The general secretary of South Korea's bidding committee, Song Young-shik, stated that FIFA was interested in staging some matches in North Korea in order to aid Korean reunification, but it was ruled out. [8]

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the tenth most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah is the fifth and former modern Sultan of Pahang, and also served as the seventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia from 26 April 1979 to 25 April 1984. His abdication as Sultan was decided by the Royal Council at an extraordinary meeting on 11 January 2019. A special amendment was passed on the state constitution that gave the body more power for this decision, citing the Sultan's incapability to rule due to his failing health. The abdication came into effect on the midnight of 15 January, paving the way to his son, Abdullah to succeed him as Sultan the following day, and subsequently be elected as the next Yang di-Pertuan Agong later the same month.

Asian Football Confederation governing body of association football in Asia

The Asian Football Confederation (AFC) is the governing body of association football in Asia and Australia. It has 47 member countries, mostly located on the Asian and Australian continent, but excludes the transcontinental countries with territory in both Europe and Asia – Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey – which are instead members of UEFA. Three other states located geographically along the western fringe of Asia – Cyprus, Armenia and Israel – are also UEFA members. On the other hand, Australia, formerly in the OFC, joined the Asian Football Confederation in 2006, and the Oceanian island of Guam, a territory of the United States, is also a member of AFC, in addition to Northern Mariana Islands, one of the Two Commonwealths of the United States. Hong Kong and Macau, although not independent countries, are also members of the AFC.

At the time the decision was made, Japan had never qualified for a World Cup finals (although the Japanese did subsequently qualify for the 1998 competition). The only other countries to have been awarded a World Cup without previously having competed in a final tournament are Italy in 1934 and Qatar in 2022 (Uruguay hosted the first World Cup in 1930 so there was no prior tournament; they were defending Olympic champions from 1928).

The unusual choice of host proved an issue for football fans in Europe, used to watching international matches on or close to their time zone. [9] With games taking place in the European morning, some schools and businesses chose to open late on match days or set up communal watching events before the start of work. [10] [11]

Qualification

199 teams attempted to qualify for the 2002 World Cup. The qualification process began with the preliminary draw held in Tokyo on 7 December 1999. Defending champions France and co-hosts South Korea and Japan qualified automatically and did not have to play any qualification matches. This was the final World Cup in which the defending champions qualified automatically. [12]

14 places were contested by UEFA teams (Europe), five by CAF teams (Africa), four by CONMEBOL teams (South America), four by AFC teams (Asia) and three by CONCACAF teams (North and Central America and the Caribbean). The remaining two places were decided by playoffs between AFC and UEFA and between CONMEBOL and OFC (Oceania). Four nations qualified for the finals for the first time: China, Ecuador, Senegal and Slovenia. As of 2018, this was the last time the Republic of Ireland, Turkey and China qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals, as well as the last time Australia and Switzerland failed to qualify.

Turkey qualified for the first time since 1954, Poland and Portugal both qualified for the first time since 1986 and Costa Rica and Uruguay qualified for the first time since 1990. Sweden, Russia and the Republic of Ireland also returned after missing the 1998 World Cup. 1998 semi-finalists the Netherlands, three-time participants in the 1990s Romania, Colombia and Norway, and Bulgaria and Morocco, who had participated in the previous two finals tournaments, failed to qualify, while South Korea set a record by appearing in a fifth successive finals tournament, the first nation from outside Europe or the Americas to achieve this feat.

All seven previous World Cup-winning nations (Argentina, Brazil, England, France, Germany, Italy and Uruguay) qualified, which broke the record of most previous champions at a tournament before the record was broken again in 2014. The highest ranked team not to qualify was Colombia (ranked 4th), while the lowest ranked team that did qualify was China PR (ranked 50th).

List of qualified teams

The following 32 teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings, [13] qualified for the final tournament:

Venues

South Korea and Japan each provided 10 venues, the vast majority of them newly built for the tournament. Groups A–D played all their matches in South Korea and Groups E–H played all their matches in Japan. [14] The stadiums in Daegu, Suwon, Yokohama and Saitama all hosted 4 matches each, while the other 16 stadiums hosted 3 matches each. Notably, no matches were played in Tokyo, making it the second (after Bonn in 1974) capital of a host country not to have a World Cup venue (although there were matches played in cities close to or part of the Tokyo metropolitan area).

Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea
Daegu Seoul Busan Incheon Ulsan
Daegu World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 68,014 [15]
Group/Third place
Seoul World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 63,961 [16]
Group/Knock-out
Busan Asiad Stadium
Capacity: 55,982 [17]
Group
Incheon Munhak Stadium
Capacity: 52,179 [18]
Group
Ulsan Munsu Football Stadium
Capacity: 43,550 [19]
Group/Knock-out
Daegu.Stadium.original.2167.jpg seoulweoldeukeobgyeonggijang.jpg BusanAsiadStadium.jpg Munhak Stadium Corner.jpg Munsu 20121110 204310 5.jpg
Suwon Gwangju Jeonju Seogwipo Daejeon
Suwon World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 43,188 [20]
Group/Knock-out
Gwangju World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 42,880 [21]
Group/Knock-out
Jeonju World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 42,391 [22]
Group/Knock-out
Jeju World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 42,256 [23]
Group/Knock-out
Daejeon World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 40,407 [24]
Group/Knock-out
Suwon left.JPG Gwangju World Cup Stadium.jpg Jeonju World Cup Stadium 2016.jpg Jeju World Cup Stadium, Jeju Island.jpg Daejeon World Cup Stadium.JPG

South Korea

Japan

Flag of Japan.svg Japan
Yokohama Saitama Shizuoka Osaka Rifu
International Stadium Yokohama
Capacity: 72,327 [25]
Group/Final
Saitama Stadium 2002
Capacity: 63,000 [26]
Group/Knock-out
Shizuoka "Ecopa" Stadium
Capacity: 50,600 [27]
Group/Knock-out
Nagai Stadium
Capacity: 50,000 [28]
Group/Knock-out
Miyagi Stadium
Capacity: 49,000 [29]
Group/Knock-out
NISSANSTADIUM20080608.JPG Saitamastadium0417.jpg Ecopa030304.jpg Nagai stadium20040717.jpg MiyagiStadiumTrackField.jpg
Ōita Niigata Kashima Kobe Sapporo
Ōita Stadium Dagger-14-plain.png
Capacity: 43,000 [30]
Group/Knock-out
Niigata Stadium
Capacity: 42,300 [31]
Group/Knock-out
Kashima Soccer Stadium
Capacity: 42,000 [32]
Group
Kobe Wing Stadium
Capacity: 42,000 [33]
Group/Knock-out
Sapporo Dome Dagger-14-plain.png
Capacity: 42,000 [34]
Group
Ooita Stadium20090514.jpg Bigswan080628.JPG Kashima Stadium 1.JPG Inside View of Kobe Wing Stadium.jpg Sapporodome201108171.JPG

Match officials

There was much controversy over the refereeing in the tournament. Questionable decisions in the match between Italy and South Korea resulted in 400,000 complaints, and featured in ESPN's 10 most fabled World Cup controversies. [35] The match between Spain and South Korea featured two controversially disallowed Spanish goals, which Iván Helguera referred to as "a robbery" and led to Spanish press brandishing the officials "thieves of dreams", though FIFA dismissed the incident as human error. [36]

Squads

This was the first World Cup that featured squads of 23 players, an increase from 22 previously. Of the 23 players, 3 must be goalkeepers.

Seeds

The eight seeded teams for the 2002 tournament were announced on 28 November 2001. The seeds comprised Pot A in the draw. Pot B contained the remaining 11 European sides; Pot C contained five unseeded qualifiers from CONMEBOL and AFC. Pot D contained unseeded sides from the CONCACAF region and Africa. [37] This was the last FIFA World Cup with the defending champion in Group A. Since 2006, the Host nation has been in Group A.

Pot APot BPot CPot D

Before the draw, it was arranged that the last three teams in Pot B would be drawn into four groups which did not already contain two European teams and one would be left without a second European team. This was ultimately Group C. No group could contain more than two European teams, no unseeded South American team could be drawn with Brazil or Argentina and no unseeded Asian team could be drawn with South Korea or Japan.

France, as holders were automatically placed in Group A, South Korea were placed in Group D and Japan were placed in Group H. One of the two South American seeds (Brazil and Argentina) had to play in a group played in South Korea and the other had to play in a group played in Japan. In Pot C, China had to play in South Korea (either group A, B or C) which meant that the other Asian team in Pot C (Saudi Arabia) had to play in Japan (either group E, F or G). In Pot D, two or three African teams and one or two CONCACAF teams had to play in either South Korea or Japan.

On 1 December 2001, the draw was held and the group assignments and order of fixtures were determined. Group F was considered the group of death, as it brought together Argentina, England, Nigeria and Sweden.

Results

Group stage

All times are Korea Standard Time and Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)

Champion
Runner-up
Third place
Fourth place
Quarter-finals
Round of 16
Group stage 2002 world cup.png

Groups A, B, C, D based in South Korea. Groups E, F, G, H based in Japan.

In the following tables:

Ato, Kaz and Nik were the 2002 World Cup mascots. Koreajapan2002mascots.png
Ato, Kaz and Nik were the 2002 World Cup mascots.

The teams in the group play were ranked upon

In the original version of the rules for the final tournament, the ranking criteria were in a different order, with head-to-head results taking precedence over total goal difference. The rules were changed to the above in advance of the tournament, but older versions were still available on the FIFA and UEFA websites, causing some confusion among those trying to identify the correct criteria. [38]

Group A

Group A involved the defending champions France, along with Senegal, Uruguay and Denmark. The World Cup started with a 1–0 defeat of France, playing without the injured Zinedine Zidane, by tournament newcomers Senegal in the tournament's opening match held in Seoul, South Korea. [39] On the next day, two goals by Jon Dahl Tomasson gave the Danes a 2–1 victory over Uruguay in Ulsan.

In the second set of Group A matches, France were held to a 0–0 draw in Busan by Uruguay after star striker Thierry Henry was sent off, while in Daegu, Denmark and Senegal drew 1–1. [40]

A 2–0 defeat by Denmark in their last group game in Incheon sealed France's elimination from the World Cup. [41]

France went out of the Cup without even managing to score a goal and earned the unwanted record of the worst World Cup performance by World Cup holders (in 1934 Uruguay refused to defend the title). [42]

Senegal drew with Uruguay to clinch their place in the second round, despite Uruguay coming back from 3–0 down to draw 3–3, in their last group game in Suwon. The South Americans couldn't find the fourth goal that would have kept them in the Cup and thus were out of the tournament. [43] At the end, Denmark won Group A with 7 points, followed by Senegal with 5 points. Uruguay were eliminated with 2 points and holders France with 1 point.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 321052+37Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 312054+15
3Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 30214512
4Flag of France.svg  France 30120331
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
31 May 2002
France  Flag of France.svg 0–1 Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal Seoul World Cup Stadium, Seoul
1 June 2002
Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg 1–2 Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Munsu Cup Stadium, Ulsan
6 June 2002
Denmark  Flag of Denmark.svg 1–1 Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal Daegu World Cup Stadium, Daegu
France  Flag of France.svg 0–0 Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Asiad Main Stadium, Busan
11 June 2002
Denmark  Flag of Denmark.svg 2–0 Flag of France.svg  France Incheon Munhak Stadium, Incheon
Senegal  Flag of Senegal.svg 3–3 Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Suwon World Cup Stadium, Suwon

Group B

Spain in Group B became one of only two teams to pick up maximum points, seeing off both Slovenia and Paraguay (In Gwangju and Jeonju respectively) 3–1 before defeating South Africa 3–2 in Daejeon. [44]

Paraguay advanced over a late goal, winning 3–1 over newcomer Slovenia in Seogwipo to tie with South Africa on goal difference (they were already tied with four points, having drawn 2–2 in their opening game against each other in Busan). As a result, Paraguay advanced to the second round on the goals scored tiebreaker, scoring six goals compared to South Africa's five. [45]

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 330094+59Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay 31116604
3Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 31115504
4Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 30032750
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
2 June 2002
Paraguay  Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg 2–2 Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Asiad Main Stadium, Busan
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 3–1 Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Gwangju World Cup Stadium, Gwangju
7 June 2002
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 3–1 Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay Jeonju World Cup Stadium, Jeonju
8 June 2002
South Africa  Flag of South Africa.svg 1–0 Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Daegu World Cup Stadium, Daegu
12 June 2002
South Africa  Flag of South Africa.svg 2–3 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Daejeon World Cup Stadium, Daejeon
Slovenia  Flag of Slovenia.svg 1–3 Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay Jeju World Cup Stadium, Seogwipo

Group C

Group C saw Brazil become the other team to win all three of their Group matches, defeating Turkey 2–1 in Ulsan, China 4–0 in Seogwipo and Costa Rica 5–2 in Suwon. [46] [47] Turkey also advanced to the next round, defeating Costa Rica on goal difference after both teams were tied with 4 points each. [48] China, coached by Bora Milutinović (the fifth national team he coached in five consecutive World Cups), failed to get a point or even score a goal. [49]

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3300113+89Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 311153+24
3Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 31115614
4Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR 30030990
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
3 June 2002
Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 2–1 Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Munsu Cup Stadium, Ulsan
4 June 2002
China PR  Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 0–2 Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Gwangju World Cup Stadium, Gwangju
8 June 2002
Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 4–0 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR Jeju World Cup Stadium, Seogwipo
9 June 2002
Costa Rica  Flag of Costa Rica.svg 1–1 Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Incheon Munhak Stadium, Incheon
13 June 2002
Costa Rica  Flag of Costa Rica.svg 2–5 Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Suwon World Cup Stadium, Suwon
Turkey  Flag of Turkey.svg 3–0 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR Seoul World Cup Stadium, Seoul

Group D

Group D saw co-host South Korea, Poland, United States and Portugal square off against each other. South Korea and Poland started group play in Busan, where South Korea earned their first ever World Cup victory, defeating Poland 2–0. United States shocked group favorites Portugal the next day, defeating them 3–2 in Suwon. South Korea and United States then faced off in Daegu, where excellent goalkeeping by Brad Friedel and Lee Woon-jae resulted in a 1–1 draw, while a hat-trick by Pauleta gave the Portuguese a comfortable 4–0 win against Poland in Jeonju. In the final group games held in Incheon (Portugal-South Korea) and Daejeon (Poland-United States), South Korea eliminated Portugal thanks to a 70th-minute goal by Park Ji-sung, finishing the game 1–0, while Poland defeated United States 3–1. As a result, South Korea won their first ever group stage and advanced for the first time with seven points, while United States followed with four points. Portugal and Poland were eliminated with three points each in third and fourth places respectively.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea (H)321041+37Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg  United States 31115614
3Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 310264+23
4Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 31023743
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
(H) Host.
4 June 2002
South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg 2–0 Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Asiad Main Stadium, Busan
5 June 2002
United States  Flag of the United States.svg 3–2 Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Suwon World Cup Stadium, Suwon
10 June 2002
South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg 1–1 Flag of the United States.svg  United States Daegu World Cup Stadium, Daegu
Portugal  Flag of Portugal.svg 4–0 Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Jeonju World Cup Stadium, Jeonju
14 June 2002
Portugal  Flag of Portugal.svg 0–1 Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea Incheon Munhak Stadium, Incheon
Poland  Flag of Poland.svg 3–1 Flag of the United States.svg  United States Daejeon World Cup Stadium, Daejeon

Group E

Group E saw Germany play against Saudi Arabia, the Republic of Ireland and Cameroon. Ireland and Cameroon started group play in Niigata in a 1–1 draw, while Germany thrashed Saudi Arabia 8–0 in Sapporo. In Ibaraki, Germany held a 1–0 lead over the Republic of Ireland thanks to a 19th-minute goal by Miroslav Klose, only to draw 1–1 due to a sensational 92nd-minute equaliser by Robbie Keane. Saudi Arabia bowed out of the tournament with a 1–0 defeat against Cameroon in Saitama, thanks to a second-half goal by Samuel Eto'o. In the final matches of Group E, Germany sent Cameroon out of the tournament, winning 0–2 in Shizuoka with goals by Marco Bode and Miroslav Klose, while Ireland defeated Saudi Arabia 3–0 in Yokohama with goals by Robbie Keane, Gary Breen and Damien Duff. Germany advanced with seven points and Ireland followed along with five points, while Cameroon was eliminated with four points. Saudi Arabia was eliminated without a single point or goal, having conceded 12 goals, finishing dead last in the tournament.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 3210111+107Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland 312052+35
3Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 31112314
4Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 3003012120
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
1 June 2002
Republic of Ireland  Flag of Ireland.svg 1–1 Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon Niigata Stadium, Niigata
Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 8–0 Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia Sapporo Dome, Sapporo
5 June 2002
Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 1–1 Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland Kashima Soccer Stadium, Ibaraki
6 June 2002
Cameroon  Flag of Cameroon.svg 1–0 Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia Saitama Stadium 2002, Saitama
11 June 2002
Cameroon  Flag of Cameroon.svg 0–2 Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Shizuoka Stadium, Shizuoka
Saudi Arabia  Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 0–3 Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland International Stadium Yokohama, Yokohama

Group F

Group F was nicknamed the "group of death", featuring Argentina, Nigeria, England and Sweden. Argentina won their opening game in Ibaraki 1–0 against Nigeria thanks to a second-half goal by Gabriel Batistuta, while in Saitama England and Sweden drew 1–1 thanks to goals by Sol Campbell and Niclas Alexandersson. Sweden and Nigeria faced off in Kobe, where two goals by Henrik Larsson eliminated Nigeria 2–1. Meanwhile, in Sapporo, England won 1–0 over Argentina, thanks to a David Beckham penalty kick. In the final matches of Group F, England and Nigeria drew 0–0 in Osaka, while Sweden and Argentina drew 1–1 in Miyagi. Sweden and England advanced from Group F, first and second respectively with five points each, at the expense of Argentina's four points, while Nigeria finished last with one point.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 312043+15Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of England.svg  England 312021+15
3Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 31112204
4Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 30121321
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
2 June 2002
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 1–0 Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Kashima Soccer Stadium, Ibaraki
England  Flag of England.svg 1–1 Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Saitama Stadium 2002, Saitama
7 June 2002
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 2–1 Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Kobe Wing Stadium, Kobe
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 0–1 Flag of England.svg  England Sapporo Dome, Sapporo
12 June 2002
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 1–1 Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Miyagi Stadium, Miyagi
Nigeria  Flag of Nigeria.svg 0–0 Flag of England.svg  England Nagai Stadium, Osaka

Group G

Group G saw Italy, Ecuador, Croatia and Mexico play against each other. Niigata saw the start of the group games, with Mexico winning 1–0 over Croatia, thanks to a penalty converted by Cuauhtémoc Blanco. Later that night in Sapporo, Italy defeated newcomers Ecuador 2–0 with ease, having both goals scored by Christian Vieri. Italy and Croatia faced off a few days later in Ibaraki, where Croatia pulled a 2–1 upset victory over Italy. The next day in Miyagi saw Mexico earn a vital victory over Ecuador 2–1. In the final matches of Group G, Mexico and Italy drew 1–1 in Ōita, while Ecuador achieved their first ever World Cup victory 1–0 over Croatia in Yokohama. Mexico won Group G with seven points, while Italy survived with four points. Croatia and Ecuador were eliminated with three points in third and fourth places respectively, with the former failing to repeat its surprise performance from 1998 despite their victory against Italy.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 321042+27Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 311143+14
3Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 31022313
4Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 31022423
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
3 June 2002
Croatia  Flag of Croatia.svg 0–1 Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Niigata Stadium, Niigata
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 2–0 Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador Sapporo Dome, Sapporo
8 June 2002
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 1–2 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Kashima Soccer Stadium, Ibaraki
9 June 2002
Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 2–1 Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador Miyagi Stadium, Miyagi
13 June 2002
Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 1–1 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Ōita Stadium, Ōita
Ecuador  Flag of Ecuador.svg 1–0 Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia International Stadium Yokohama, Yokohama

Group H

Group H saw co-hosts Japan square off against Belgium, Russia and Tunisia. Japan earned their first World Cup points in a spectacular 2–2 draw against Belgium in Saitama, while Russia defeated Tunisia in Kobe, 2–0. Japan would get their first ever World Cup victory a few days later in Yokohama, defeating Russia 1–0, thanks to a second-half goal by Junichi Inamoto, while Belgium and Tunisia drew 1–1 in Ōita. In the final matches of Group H, Japan defeated Tunisia with ease, winning 0–2 in Osaka, while Belgium survived against Russia in Shizuoka, winning 3–2. Japan won Group H with seven points, while Belgium advanced with five points. Russia was eliminated with three points and Tunisia was eliminated with one point.

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Japan.svg  Japan (H)321052+37Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 312065+15
3Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 31024403
4Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 30121541
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
(H) Host.
4 June 2002
Japan  Flag of Japan.svg 2–2 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Saitama Stadium 2002, Saitama
5 June 2002
Russia  Flag of Russia.svg 2–0 Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Kobe Wing Stadium, Kobe
9 June 2002
Japan  Flag of Japan.svg 1–0 Flag of Russia.svg  Russia International Stadium Yokohama, Yokohama
10 June 2002
Tunisia  Flag of Tunisia.svg 1–1 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Ōita Stadium, Ōita
14 June 2002
Tunisia  Flag of Tunisia.svg 0–2 Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Nagai Stadium, Osaka
Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 3–2 Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Shizuoka Stadium, Shizuoka

Knockout stage

South Koreans watching their country playing in a knock out game on the big screens in Seoul Plaza Seoul Plaza 2002 FIFA World Cup.jpg
South Koreans watching their country playing in a knock out game on the big screens in Seoul Plaza

For the second round, quarter-finals and semi-finals, the qualifiers from Groups A, C, F and H played their games in Japan while the qualifiers from Groups B, D, E and G played their games in South Korea. Daegu, South Korea, hosted the third-place match while Yokohama, Japan, hosted the final.

Round of 16 and quarter-finals

In the second round, Germany beat Paraguay 1–0 with a late goal by Oliver Neuville in Seogwipo. England defeated Denmark in Niigata 3–0, with all goals occurring in the first half of the game. Sweden and Senegal faced off in Ōita and finished 1–1 in regular time and it took a golden goal from Henri Camara in extra time to settle the game for Senegal 2–1. Spain and Ireland played in Suwon, where Spain led most of the match 1–0 until a late penalty kick scored by Robbie Keane made the match go 1–1 sending it to extra time, where Spain outlasted Ireland 3–2 in a penalty shoot-out. The United States beat CONCACAF rivals Mexico 2–0 in Jeonju, thanks to the goals of Brian McBride and Landon Donovan. Brazil defeated Belgium 2–0 in Kobe, with an amazing volley by Rivaldo and a splendid counter-attack goal by Ronaldo. Turkey ended co-hosts Japan's run with a 1–0 win in Miyagi, thanks to a Ümit Davala goal in the 12th minute. The other co-hosts, South Korea, defeated Italy 2–1 in extra time in Daejeon with a goal by Ahn Jung-hwan in the 117th minute, after a match filled with many controversial referring decisions. [50] South Korea's win ensured that, for the very first time in the Cup's history, teams from each of Europe, North America, South America, Africa and Asia reached the quarter-finals of the same tournament.

In the quarter-finals, England and Brazil squared off in Shizuoka, where Ronaldinho scored a free-kick goal over England's David Seaman early in the second half as Brazil won 2–1. The United States lost to Germany 1–0 in Ulsan by a Michael Ballack goal in the 39th minute, but controversy surrounded the game when United States demanded the referee give a penalty for a goal-line handball by Torsten Frings in the 49th minute, but the referee did not award the penalty. South Korea got another win in Gwangju in a controversial manner, beating Spain 5–3 on penalties after a 0–0 draw in which the Spaniards twice thought they had scored while onside; however, the efforts were disallowed by the referee with controversial decisions. [51] [52] The hosts became the first team in the Asian Football Confederation to reach the semi-finals of the World Cup, eclipsing the record of their North Korean counterparts who reached the quarter-finals in 1966. They also became the first World Cup semi-final team not from UEFA or CONMEBOL since the United States did it in 1930. Turkey defeated Senegal 1–0 in Osaka, with a golden goal scored by İlhan Mansız in the 93rd minute.

Semi-finals, third-place match and final

The semi-finals saw two 1–0 games; The first semi-final, held in Seoul saw a Michael Ballack goal good enough for Germany to defeat South Korea. However, Ballack had already received a yellow card during the match before, which forced him to miss the final based on accumulated yellow cards. [53] The next day in Saitama saw Ronaldo score a goal early in the second half, scoring his sixth of the competition for Brazil, who beat Turkey in a replay of their Group C encounter. [54] [55]

In the third-place match in Daegu, Turkey beat the South Koreans 3–2, their first goal coming from Hakan Şükür straight from the opening kick-off (even though South Korea kicked off) in 10.8 seconds, the fastest ever goal in World Cup history.

In the final match held in Yokohama, Japan, two goals from Ronaldo secured the World Cup for Brazil as they claimed victory over Germany. Ronaldo scored twice in the second half and, after the game, won the Golden Shoe award for the tournament's leading scorer with eight goals. This was the fifth time Brazil had won the World Cup, cementing their status as the most successful national team in the history of the competition. Brazil became the only team since Argentina in 1986 to win the trophy without needing to win a penalty shoot-out at some stage during the knockout phase and the total number of penalty shoot-outs (2) was the lowest since the four-round knockout format was introduced in 1986. Brazil also became the first team to win every match at a World Cup Finals since 1970 and set a new record for highest aggregate goal difference (+14) for a World Cup winner. Brazil's captain Cafu, who became the first player to appear in three successive World Cup finals, accepted the trophy on behalf of the team.

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
15 June – Seogwipo
 
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1
 
21 June – Ulsan
 
Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay 0
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1
 
17 June – Jeonju
 
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 0
 
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 0
 
25 June – Seoul
 
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1
 
16 June – Suwon
 
Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea 0
 
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain (pen.)1 (3)
 
22 June – Gwangju
 
Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland 1 (2)
 
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 0 (3)
 
18 June – Daejeon
 
Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea (pen.)0 (5)
 
Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea (asdet)2
 
30 June – Yokohama
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1
 
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 0
 
15 June – Niigata
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2
 
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 0
 
21 June – Shizuoka
 
Flag of England.svg  England 3
 
Flag of England.svg  England 1
 
17 June – Kobe
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 2
 
26 June – Saitama
 
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 0
 
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1
 
16 June – Ōita
 
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 0 Third place
 
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1
 
22 June – Osaka 29 June – Daegu
 
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal (asdet)2
 
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 0Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea 2
 
18 June – Miyagi
 
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey (asdet)1Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 3
 
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 0
 
 
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 1
 

Round of 16

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 1–0 Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay
Neuville Soccerball shade.svg 88' Report
Denmark  Flag of Denmark.svg 0–3 Flag of England.svg  England
Report Ferdinand Soccerball shade.svg 5'
Owen Soccerball shade.svg 22'
Heskey Soccerball shade.svg 44'
Attendance: 40,582
Referee: Markus Merk (Germany)
Sweden  Flag of Sweden.svg 1–2 (a.e.t.)Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal
Larsson Soccerball shade.svg 11' Report H. Camara Soccerball shade.svg 37', Soccerball shade gold.svg 104'
Attendance: 39,747
Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 0–2 Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Report McBride Soccerball shade.svg 8'
Donovan Soccerball shade.svg 65'
Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 2–0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Rivaldo Soccerball shade.svg 67'
Ronaldo Soccerball shade.svg 87'
Report
Attendance: 40,440
Japan  Flag of Japan.svg 0–1 Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Report Ümit D. Soccerball shade.svg 12'
Attendance: 45,666
South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg 2–1 (a.e.t.)Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Seol Ki-hyeon Soccerball shade.svg 88'
Ahn Jung-hwan Soccerball shade gold.svg 117'
Report Vieri Soccerball shade.svg 18'
Attendance: 38,588

Quarter-finals

England  Flag of England.svg 1–2 Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Owen Soccerball shade.svg 23' Report Rivaldo Soccerball shade.svg 45+2'
Ronaldinho Soccerball shade.svg 50'
Attendance: 47,436
Referee: Felipe Ramos (Mexico)
Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 1–0 Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ballack Soccerball shade.svg 39' Report
Attendance: 37,337
Senegal  Flag of Senegal.svg 0–1 (a.e.t.)Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Report İlhan Soccerball shade gold.svg 94'
Attendance: 44,233

Semi-finals

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 1–0 Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea
Ballack Soccerball shade.svg 75' Report
Attendance: 65,256
Brazil  Flag of Brazil.svg 1–0 Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Ronaldo Soccerball shade.svg 49' Report

Third place play-off

South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg 2–3 Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Lee Eul-yong Soccerball shade.svg 9'
Song Chong-gug Soccerball shade.svg 90+3'
Report Hakan Ş. Soccerball shade.svg 1'
İlhan Soccerball shade.svg 13', 32'
Attendance: 63,483
Referee: Saad Mane (Kuwait)

Final

Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 0–2 Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Report Ronaldo Soccerball shade.svg 67', 79'

Statistics

Goalscorers

Ronaldo won the Golden Shoe after scoring eight goals. In total, 161 goals were scored by 109 players, with three of them credited as own goals. Two of those own goals were in the same match, marking the first time in FIFA World Cup history that own goals had been scored by both teams in the same match.

Disciplinary statistics

Awards

Golden Boot [57] Golden Ball [57] Yashin Award [57] Best Young Player [57] FIFA Fair Play Trophy [57] Most Entertaining Team [57]
Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo Flag of Germany.svg Oliver Kahn 1 Flag of Germany.svg Oliver Kahn Flag of the United States.svg Landon Donovan Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea

1 Oliver Kahn is the only goalkeeper to have won the Golden Ball in FIFA World Cup history. [58]

All-star team

GoalkeepersDefendersMidfieldersForwards

Flag of Germany.svg Oliver Kahn
Flag of Turkey.svg Rüştü Reçber

Flag of England.svg Sol Campbell
Flag of Spain.svg Fernando Hierro
Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg Hong Myung-bo
Flag of Turkey.svg Alpay Özalan
Flag of Brazil.svg Roberto Carlos

Flag of Germany.svg Michael Ballack
Flag of the United States.svg Claudio Reyna
Flag of Brazil.svg Rivaldo
Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldinho
Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg Yoo Sang-chul

Flag of Senegal.svg El Hadji Diouf
Flag of Germany.svg Miroslav Klose
Flag of Brazil.svg Ronaldo
Flag of Turkey.svg Hasan Şaş

Source: USA Today, 29 June 2002

Final standings

After the tournament, FIFA published a ranking of all teams that competed in the 2002 World Cup finals based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition. [59]

RTeamGPWDLGFGAGDPts.
1Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil C 7700184+1421
2Flag of Germany.svg  Germany E 7511143+1116
3Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey C 7412106+413
4Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea D 732286+211
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5Flag of Spain.svg  Spain B 5320105+511
6Flag of England.svg  England F 522163+38
7Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal A 522176+18
8Flag of the United States.svg  United States D 52127707
Eliminated in the round of 16
9Flag of Japan.svg  Japan H 421153+27
10Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark A 42115507
11Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico G 42114407
12Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland E 413063+36
13Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden F 41215505
14Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium H 412167−15
15Flag of Italy.svg  Italy G 41125504
16Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay B 411267−14
Eliminated in the group stage
17Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa B 31115504
18Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina F 31112204
19Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica C 311156−14
20Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon E 311123−14
21Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal D 310264+23
22Flag of Russia.svg  Russia H 31024403
23Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia G 310223−13
24Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador G 310224−23
25Flag of Poland.svg  Poland D 310237−43
26Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay A 302145−12
27Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria F 301213−21
28Flag of France.svg  France A 301203−31
29Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia H 301215−41
30Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia B 300327−50
31Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China PR C 300309−90
32Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia E 3003012−120

Sponsorship

The sponsors of the 2002 FIFA World Cup are divided into two categories: FIFA World Cup Sponsors and Japan and South Korea Supporters. [60] [61]

Ticket sales problem

The original domestic ticket allocation had fully sold out and the organising committee completed sales of tickets returned from the international allocation by the end of April. However, it was obvious at the opening matches that there were a significant number of empty seats. [78] It was gradually revealed that the World Cup Ticketing Bureau (WCTB) still had unsold tickets in its possession. After FIFA agreed to sell this inventory, JAWOC undertook sales over telephone and WCTB handled the internet sales. [79] For the second round Japan vs. Turkey match in Miyagi in particular, although it was reported by both parties that all tickets had been sold, some 700 seats remained empty.

Controversies

The tournament was criticized for many poor and questionable refereeing decisions. South Korea in particular faced scrutiny and allegations of corruption due to the favorable decisions they received in their controversial victories over Italy in the Round of 16 and over Spain in the Quarterfinals. [80] [50] [52]

Cultural event

In Search of Fresh Air. Banner by Ray L. Burggraf. "In Search of Fresh Air", by Ray L. Burggraf.jpg
In Search of Fresh Air. Banner by Ray L. Burggraf.

The official FIFA cultural event of the 2002 World Cup was a flag festival called Poetry of the Winds. [81] Held in Nanjicheon Park, an area of the World Cup Park close to the stadium, [82] [83] Poetry of the Winds was exhibited from 29 May to 25 June in order to wish success upon the World Cup and promote a festive atmosphere. During the flag art festival, hand-painted flags from global artists were displayed as a greeting to international guests in a manner that was designed to promote harmony (2002 Flag Art Festival Executive Committee). [81]

See also

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