|Subdivisions||Districts: 5, Municipalities: 35|
|• Governor||Heita Kawakatsu|
|• Total||7,777.42 km2 (3,002.88 sq mi)|
(December 1, 2019)
|• Density||470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-22|
|Bird||Japanese paradise flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrocaudata)|
|Tree||Sweet osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans var. aurantiacus)|
Shizuoka Prefecture (静岡県, Shizuoka-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu. Shizuoka Prefecture has a population of 3,637,998 (1 December 2019) and has a geographic area of 7,777.42 km² (3,002.88 sq mi). Shizuoka Prefecture borders Kanagawa Prefecture to the east, Yamanashi Prefecture to the northeast, Nagano Prefecture to the north, and Aichi Prefecture to the west.
Shizuoka is the capital and Hamamatsu is the largest city in Shizuoka Prefecture, with other major cities including Fuji, Numazu, and Iwata.Shizuoka Prefecture is located on Japan's Pacific Ocean coast and features Suruga Bay formed by the Izu Peninsula, and Lake Hamana which is considered to be one of Japan's largest lakes. Mount Fuji, the tallest volcano in Japan and cultural icon of the country, is partially located in Shizuoka Prefecture on the border with Yamanashi Prefecture. Shizuoka Prefecture has a significant motoring heritage as the founding location of Honda, Suzuki, and Yamaha, and is home to the Fuji International Speedway.
Shizuoka Prefecture was established from the former Tōtōmi, Suruga and Izu provinces.
The area was the home of the first Tokugawa shōgun .[ citation needed ] Tokugawa Ieyasu held the region until he conquered the lands of the Hōjō clan in the Kantō region and placed land under the stewardship of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. After becoming shōgun, Tokugawa took the land back for his family and put the area around modern-day Shizuoka city under the direct supervision of the shogunate. With the creation of Shizuoka han in 1868, it once again became the residence of the Tokugawa family.
Shizuoka Prefecture is an elongated region following the coast of the Pacific Ocean at the Suruga Bay. In the west, the prefecture extends deep into the Japan Alps. In the east, it becomes a narrower coast bounded in the north by Mount Fuji, until it comes to the Izu Peninsula, a popular resort area pointing south into the Pacific.[ citation needed ]
As of 1 April 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Fuji-Hakone-Izu and Minami Alps National Parks; Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Park; and four Prefectural Natural Parks.
Throughout history, a disastrous earthquake called the Tokai earthquake has hit Shizuoka every 100 to 150 years. On Tuesday, March 15, 2011, Shizuoka Prefecture was hit with a magnitude 6.2 earthquake approximately 42 km (26 mi) NNE of Shizuoka City.
Twenty-three cities are located in Shizuoka:
These are the towns in each district:
|Term of office||Political Party|
|1||Takeji Kobayashi (小林武治)|
|23 April, 1947||22 April, 1951||Independent|
|2||Toshio Saito (斎藤寿夫)|
|1 May, 1951||8 January, 1967|| Liberal Party (1951-1959)|
Liberal Democratic Party (1959-1967)
|3||Yutaro Takeyama (竹山祐太郎)|
|31 January, 1967||24 June, 1974||LDP|
|4||Keizaburo Yamamoto (山本敬三郎)|
|10 June, 1974||6 July, 1986||LDP|
|5||Shigeyoshi Saito (斉藤滋与史)|
|7 July, 1986||23 June, 1993||LDP|
|6|| Yoshinobu Ishikawa (石川嘉延)|
(born in 1940)
|3 August, 1993||17 June, 2009||Independent|
|7|| Heita Kawakatsu (川勝平太)|
(born in 1948)
|7 July, 2009||Incumbent||Independent|
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(October 2015)
The sports teams listed below are based in Shizuoka.
The Tōkai region is a subregion of the Chūbu region and Kansai region in Japan that runs along the Pacific Ocean. The name comes from the Tōkaidō, one of the Edo Five Routes. Because Tōkai is a sub-region and is not officially classified, there is some disagreement about where exactly the region begins and ends, however Japanese maps widely conclude that the region includes Shizuoka, Aichi, Gifu and Mie prefectures.
The Tōkaidō Main Line is a major Japanese railway line of the Japan Railways Group network, connecting Tokyo and Kōbe stations. It is 515.4 km (320.3 mi) long, not counting its many freight feeder lines around the major cities. The high-speed Tōkaidō Shinkansen largely parallels the line.
Numazu is a city located in eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2019, the city had an estimated population of 189,486 in 91,986 households, and a population density of 1,014 persons per km². The total area of the city is 186.96 square kilometres (72.19 sq mi).
Mishima is a city located in eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 July 2019, the city had an estimated population of 109,803 in 49,323 households, and a population density of 1800 persons per km². The total area of the city is 62.02 square kilometres (23.95 sq mi).
Fujinomiya is a city located in central Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 July 2019, the city had an estimated population of 132,507 in 56,655 households ,and a population density of 340 persons per km². The total area of the city is 388.99 square kilometres (150.19 sq mi).
Fuji is a city in eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2019, the city had an estimated population of 245,015 in 106,087 households, and a population density of 1,000 persons per km². The total area of the city is 244.95 square kilometers (94.58 sq mi). Fuji is the third largest city in terms of population in Shizuoka Prefecture, trailing Hamamatsu and Shizuoka.
Susono is a city located in eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2019, the city had an estimated population of 36,865 in 21,719 households, and a population density of 370 persons per km². The total area of the city is 138.12 square kilometres (53.33 sq mi).
Tōtōmi Province was a province of Japan in the area of Japan that is today western Shizuoka Prefecture. Tōtōmi bordered on Mikawa, Suruga and Shinano Provinces. Its abbreviated form name was Enshū (遠州). The origin of its name is the old name of Lake Hamana.
Suruga Province was an old province in the area that is today the central part of Shizuoka Prefecture. Suruga bordered on Izu, Kai, Sagami, Shinano, and Tōtōmi provinces; and was bordered by the Pacific Ocean through Suruga Bay to the south. Its abbreviated form name was Sunshū (駿州).
The Izu peninsula is a large mountainous peninsula with deeply indented coasts to the west of Tokyo on the Pacific coast of the island of Honshū, Japan. Formerly the eponymous Izu Province, Izu peninsula is now a part of Shizuoka Prefecture. The peninsula has an area of 1,421.24 km² and its estimated population in 2005 was 473,942 people. The populated areas primarily lie on the north and east.
Kannami is a town located in Tagata District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2019, the town had an estimated population of 37,782 in 16,401 households and a population density of 580 persons per km². The total area of the town was 65.16 square kilometres (25.16 sq mi).
Shimizu is a town in Suntō District of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2019, the town had an estimated population of 32,453 in 14058 households, and a population density of 3,700 persons per km2. The total area of the town was 8.81 square kilometres (3.40 sq mi).
Nagaizumi is a town located in Suntō District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2019, the town had an estimated population of 43,568 in 18154 households and a population density of 1,600 persons per km². The total area of the town was 26.63 square kilometres (10.28 sq mi).
Izu is a city located in central Izu Peninsula in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the city had an estimated population of 30,678 in 13,390 households, and a population density of 84 persons per km2. The total area of the city was 363.97 square kilometres (140.53 sq mi).
Izunokuni is a city located in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 10 July 2019, the city had an estimated population of 48,579 in 21,257 households and a population density of 506 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 94.62 square kilometres (36.53 sq mi).
Shizuoka is the capital city of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, and the prefecture's second-largest city in both population and area. It has been populated since prehistoric times. As of 1 December 2019, the city had an estimated population of 690,881 in 106,087 households, and a population density of 489 persons per km².
The 53 Stations of the Tōkaidō are the rest areas along the Tōkaidō, which was a coastal route that ran from Nihonbashi in Edo to Sanjō Ōhashi in Kyoto.
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