Shizuoka Prefecture

Last updated
Shizuoka Prefecture

静岡県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 静岡県
   Rōmaji Shizuoka-ken
Flag of Shizuoka Prefecture.svg
Flag
Emblem of Shizuoka Prefecture.svg
Symbol
Map of Japan with highlight on 22 Shizuoka prefecture.svg
Coordinates: 34°55′N138°19′E / 34.917°N 138.317°E / 34.917; 138.317 Coordinates: 34°55′N138°19′E / 34.917°N 138.317°E / 34.917; 138.317
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Island Honshu
Capital Shizuoka
Largest city Hamamatsu
Subdivisions Districts: 5, Municipalities: 35
Government
   Governor Heita Kawakatsu
Area
  Total7,777.42 km2 (3,002.88 sq mi)
Area rank 13th
Population
 (December 1, 2019)
  Total3,637,998
  Rank 10th
  Density470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-22
Website www.pref.shizuoka.jp/a_foreign/english
Symbols
Bird Japanese paradise flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrocaudata)
Flower Azalea (Rhododenron)
Tree Sweet osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans var. aurantiacus)

Shizuoka Prefecture (静岡県, Shizuoka-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu. [1] Shizuoka Prefecture has a population of 3,637,998 (1 December 2019) and has a geographic area of 7,777.42 km² (3,002.88 sq mi). Shizuoka Prefecture borders Kanagawa Prefecture to the east, Yamanashi Prefecture to the northeast, Nagano Prefecture to the north, and Aichi Prefecture to the west.

Contents

Shizuoka is the capital and Hamamatsu is the largest city in Shizuoka Prefecture, with other major cities including Fuji, Numazu, and Iwata. [2] Shizuoka Prefecture is located on Japan's Pacific Ocean coast and features Suruga Bay formed by the Izu Peninsula, and Lake Hamana which is considered to be one of Japan's largest lakes. Mount Fuji, the tallest volcano in Japan and cultural icon of the country, is partially located in Shizuoka Prefecture on the border with Yamanashi Prefecture. Shizuoka Prefecture has a significant motoring heritage as the founding location of Honda, Suzuki, and Yamaha, and is home to the Fuji International Speedway.

View of Mt. Fuji from Fujinomiya Mt fuji with a duck.JPG
View of Mt. Fuji from Fujinomiya

History

Shizuoka Prefecture was established from the former Tōtōmi, Suruga and Izu provinces. [3]

The area was the home of the first Tokugawa shōgun .[ citation needed ] Tokugawa Ieyasu held the region until he conquered the lands of the Hōjō clan in the Kantō region and placed land under the stewardship of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. After becoming shōgun, Tokugawa took the land back for his family and put the area around modern-day Shizuoka city under the direct supervision of the shogunate. With the creation of Shizuoka han in 1868, it once again became the residence of the Tokugawa family.

Geography

Map of Shizuoka Prefecture
Government Ordinance Designated City City Town Map of Shizuoka Prefecture Ja.svg
Map of Shizuoka Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City     City     Town

Shizuoka Prefecture is an elongated region following the coast of the Pacific Ocean at the Suruga Bay. In the west, the prefecture extends deep into the Japan Alps. In the east, it becomes a narrower coast bounded in the north by Mount Fuji, until it comes to the Izu Peninsula, a popular resort area pointing south into the Pacific.[ citation needed ]

As of 1 April 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Fuji-Hakone-Izu and Minami Alps National Parks; Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Park; and four Prefectural Natural Parks. [4]

Tokai earthquakes

Throughout history, a disastrous earthquake called the Tokai earthquake has hit Shizuoka every 100 to 150 years. On Tuesday, March 15, 2011, Shizuoka Prefecture was hit with a magnitude 6.2 earthquake approximately 42 km (26 mi) NNE of Shizuoka City.

Cities

Shizuoka City Nihondaira from shizuoka plain.JPG
Shizuoka City
Hamamatsu City Hamamatsu City - panoramio (1).jpg
Hamamatsu City
Numazu and Mount Fuji Numazu and Mount Fuji.jpg
Numazu and Mount Fuji
Fujinomiya Fujinomiya 20120909.jpg
Fujinomiya
Atami Re Hai sanbichi(Re Hai munraitobichi)Hai Shui Yu Chang  - panoramio.jpg
Atami

Twenty-three cities are located in Shizuoka:

Towns

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers

List of governor of Shizuoka (since 1947)

#Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of officePolitical Party
1Takeji Kobayashi (小林武治)
(1899-1988)
23 April, 194722 April, 1951Independent
2Toshio Saito (斎藤寿夫)
(1908-1999)
1 May, 19518 January, 1967 Liberal Party (1951-1959)
Liberal Democratic Party (1959-1967)
3Yutaro Takeyama (竹山祐太郎)
(1901-1982)
31 January, 196724 June, 1974 LDP
4Keizaburo Yamamoto (山本敬三郎)
(1913-2006)
10 June, 19746 July, 1986LDP
5Shigeyoshi Saito (斉藤滋与史)
(1918-2018)
7 July, 198623 June, 1993LDP
6 Yoshinobu Ishikawa (石川嘉延)
(born in 1940)
3 August, 199317 June, 2009Independent
7 Heita Kawakatsu (川勝平太)
(born in 1948)
7 July, 2009IncumbentIndependent

Transportation

Rail

Roads

Expressways

Toll roads

  • Shizuoka East-West Road
  • Shizuoka South-North Road
  • West Fuji Road (not a toll road anymore as of 2012)
  • Fujinomiya Road

National highways

Airports

Shizuoka Airport Fujisan-Shizuoka airport,Makinohara-city,Japan.jpg
Shizuoka Airport

Ports

Education

Universities

National universities

Public universities

Private universities

Senior high schools

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Shizuoka.

Basketball

Motorsport

Rugby

Football

Volleyball

Tourism

Museums

Theme parks

Festivals and events

A kite festival in Hamamatsu, May 2013 Hamamatsu festival 3.JPG
A kite festival in Hamamatsu, May 2013

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shizuoka-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 876 , p. 876, at Google Books; "Chūbu" in p. 126 , p. 126, at Google Books
  2. Nussbaum, "Shizuoka" at p. 876 , p. 876, at Google Books.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780 , p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  5. "About Air Park Japan Air Self-Defense Force Hamamatsu Public Information Building - Shizuoka Travel Guide | Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
  6. "About Shimizu Sushi Museum - Shizuoka Travel Guide | Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved 2017-11-17.

Related Research Articles

Tōkai region subregion in Japan

The Tōkai region is a subregion of the Chūbu region and Kansai region in Japan that runs along the Pacific Ocean. The name comes from the Tōkaidō, one of the Edo Five Routes. Because Tōkai is a sub-region and is not officially classified, there is some disagreement about where exactly the region begins and ends, however Japanese maps widely conclude that the region includes Shizuoka, Aichi, Gifu and Mie prefectures.

Tōkaidō Main Line railway line in Japan

The Tōkaidō Main Line is a major Japanese railway line of the Japan Railways Group network, connecting Tokyo and Kōbe stations. It is 515.4 km (320.3 mi) long, not counting its many freight feeder lines around the major cities. The high-speed Tōkaidō Shinkansen largely parallels the line.

Numazu Special city in Chūbu, Japan

Numazu is a city located in eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2019, the city had an estimated population of 189,486 in 91,986 households, and a population density of 1,014 persons per km². The total area of the city is 186.96 square kilometres (72.19 sq mi).

Mishima, Shizuoka City in Chūbu, Japan

Mishima is a city located in eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 July 2019, the city had an estimated population of 109,803 in 49,323 households, and a population density of 1800 persons per km². The total area of the city is 62.02 square kilometres (23.95 sq mi).

Fujinomiya, Shizuoka City in Chūbu, Japan

Fujinomiya is a city located in central Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 July 2019, the city had an estimated population of 132,507 in 56,655 households ,and a population density of 340 persons per km². The total area of the city is 388.99 square kilometres (150.19 sq mi).

Fuji, Shizuoka Special city in Chūbu, Japan

Fuji is a city in eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2019, the city had an estimated population of 245,015 in 106,087 households, and a population density of 1,000 persons per km². The total area of the city is 244.95 square kilometers (94.58 sq mi). Fuji is the third largest city in terms of population in Shizuoka Prefecture, trailing Hamamatsu and Shizuoka.

Susono, Shizuoka City in Chūbu, Japan

Susono is a city located in eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2019, the city had an estimated population of 36,865 in 21,719 households, and a population density of 370 persons per km². The total area of the city is 138.12 square kilometres (53.33 sq mi).

Tōtōmi Province Former province of Japan

Tōtōmi Province was a province of Japan in the area of Japan that is today western Shizuoka Prefecture. Tōtōmi bordered on Mikawa, Suruga and Shinano Provinces. Its abbreviated form name was Enshū (遠州). The origin of its name is the old name of Lake Hamana.

Suruga Province Former province of Japan

Suruga Province was an old province in the area that is today the central part of Shizuoka Prefecture. Suruga bordered on Izu, Kai, Sagami, Shinano, and Tōtōmi provinces; and was bordered by the Pacific Ocean through Suruga Bay to the south. Its abbreviated form name was Sunshū (駿州).

Izu Peninsula peninsula

The Izu peninsula is a large mountainous peninsula with deeply indented coasts to the west of Tokyo on the Pacific coast of the island of Honshū, Japan. Formerly the eponymous Izu Province, Izu peninsula is now a part of Shizuoka Prefecture. The peninsula has an area of 1,421.24 km² and its estimated population in 2005 was 473,942 people. The populated areas primarily lie on the north and east.

Kannami Town in Japan

Kannami is a town located in Tagata District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2019, the town had an estimated population of 37,782 in 16,401 households and a population density of 580 persons per km². The total area of the town was 65.16 square kilometres (25.16 sq mi).

Shimizu, Shizuoka Town in Japan

Shimizu is a town in Suntō District of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2019, the town had an estimated population of 32,453 in 14058 households, and a population density of 3,700 persons per km2. The total area of the town was 8.81 square kilometres (3.40 sq mi).

Nagaizumi Town in Japan

Nagaizumi is a town located in Suntō District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2019, the town had an estimated population of 43,568 in 18154 households and a population density of 1,600 persons per km². The total area of the town was 26.63 square kilometres (10.28 sq mi).

Izu, Shizuoka City in Chūbu, Japan

Izu is a city located in central Izu Peninsula in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the city had an estimated population of 30,678 in 13,390 households, and a population density of 84 persons per km2. The total area of the city was 363.97 square kilometres (140.53 sq mi).

Izunokuni City in Chūbu, Japan

Izunokuni is a city located in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 10 July 2019, the city had an estimated population of 48,579 in 21,257 households and a population density of 506 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 94.62 square kilometres (36.53 sq mi).

Shizuoka (city) Designated city in Chūbu, Japan

Shizuoka is the capital city of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, and the prefecture's second-largest city in both population and area. It has been populated since prehistoric times. As of 1 December 2019, the city had an estimated population of 690,881 in 106,087 households, and a population density of 489 persons per km².

53 Stations of the Tōkaidō Wikimedia list article

The 53 Stations of the Tōkaidō are the rest areas along the Tōkaidō, which was a coastal route that ran from Nihonbashi in Edo to Sanjō Ōhashi in Kyoto.

References