| Administrative divisions|
Japan is divided into eight regions . They are not official administrative units, though they have been used by government officials for statistical and other purposes since 1905. They are widely used in, for example, maps, geography textbooks, and weather reports, and many businesses and institutions use their home regions in their names, for example Kinki Nippon Railway, List of u Bank, and Tōhoku University.
Each region contains one or more of the country's 47 prefectures. Of the four main islands of Japan, Hokkaidō, Shikoku, and Kyūshū make up one region each, the latter also containing the Ryukyu Islands, while the largest island Honshū is divided into five regions. Okinawa Prefecture is usually included in Kyūshū, but is sometimes treated as its own ninth region.
Japan has eight High Courts, but their jurisdictions do not correspond to the eight regions (see Judicial system of Japan for details).
|Region||Population||Area in km²||Prefectures contained|
|Tōhoku||8.9 million||67,000||Akita, Aomori, Fukushima, Iwate, Miyagi, Yamagata|
|Kantō||43.3 million||32,000||Chiba, Gunma, Ibaraki, Kanagawa, Saitama, Tochigi, Tōkyō|
|Chūbu||21.4 million||67,000|| Aichi, Fukui, Gifu, Ishikawa, Nagano,|
Niigata, Shizuoka, Toyama, Yamanashi
|Kansai (also known as Kinki)||22.5 million||33,000||Hyōgo, Kyōto, Mie, Nara, Ōsaka, Shiga, Wakayama|
|Chūgoku||7.3 million||32,000||Hiroshima, Okayama, Shimane, Tottori, Yamaguchi|
|Shikoku||3.8 million||19,000||Ehime, Kagawa, Kōchi, Tokushima|
|Kyūshū||14.5 million||44,000|| Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Kumamoto,|
Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Ōita, Okinawa, Saga
This is a list of Japan's major islands, traditional regions, and subregions, going from northeast to southwest.The eight traditional regions are marked in bold.
Japan is an island country comprising a stratovolcanic archipelago over 3,000 km (1,900 mi) along East Asia's Pacific coast. It consists of 6,852 islands. The 5 main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku and Okinawa. There are 6,847 remote islands. The Ryukyu Islands and Nanpō Islands are south and east of the main islands.
Honshu, historically called Hondo, is the largest and most populous main island of Japan. It is located south of Hokkaidō across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku across the Inland Sea, and northeast of Kyūshū across the Kanmon Straits. The island separates the Sea of Japan, which lies to its north and west, from the North Pacific Ocean to the south and east. It is the 7th largest island in the world, and the 2nd most populous after the Indonesian island of Java.
The Chūbu region, Central region, or Central Japan is a region in the middle of Honshū, Japan's main island. In a wide, classical definition, it encompasses nine prefectures (ken): Aichi, Fukui, Gifu, Ishikawa, Nagano, Niigata, Shizuoka, Toyama, and Yamanashi.
The dialects of the Japanese language fall into two primary clades: Eastern and Western, with the dialects of Kyūshū and Hachijō-jima often distinguished as additional branches, the latter being perhaps the most divergent of all. The Ryukyuan languages of Okinawa Prefecture and the southern islands of Kagoshima Prefecture form a separate branch of the Japonic family, and are not Japanese dialects, although they are sometimes referred to as such.
Mainland Japan is a term to distinguish the area of Japan from its outlying territories. It was an official term in the pre-war period, distinguishing Japan and the colonies in the Far East. After the end of World War II, the term became uncommon, but still is used as an unofficial term to distinguish the area of Japan from the Ryukyu Islands or Hokkaidō.
Japan has three levels of government: national, prefectural, and municipal. The nation is divided into 47 prefectures. Each prefecture consists of numerous municipalities, with 1,719 in total. There are four types of municipalities in Japan: cities, towns, villages and special wards. In Japanese, this system is known as shikuchōson (市区町村), where each kanji in the word represents one of the four types of municipalities. Some designated cities also have further administrative subdivisions, also known as wards. But, unlike the Special wards of Tokyo, these wards are not municipalities.
The Japanese archipelago is a group of 6,852 islands that form the country of Japan as well as the Russian island of Sakhalin. It extends over 3,000 km (1,900 mi) from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northwest to the East China and Philippine Seas in the southwest along the Pacific Ocean coast of the Eurasian continent, and consists of four island arcs from north to south: the Sakhalin Island Arc, the Northeastern and Southwestern Japan Arcs, and the Ryukyu Island Arc. The Kuril Island Arc, the Daitō Islands, and the Nanpō Islands are not parts of the archipelago.
The National Police Agency is an agency administered by the National Public Safety Commission of the Cabinet Office of the Cabinet of Japan, and is the central agency of the Japanese police system, and the central coordinating agency of law enforcement in situations of national emergency in Japan.
The National High School Baseball Invitational Tournament of Japan, commonly known as "Spring Kōshien" or "Senbatsu" (センバツ), is an annual high school baseball tournament.
A Roadside Station is a government-designated rest area found along roads and highways in Japan.
JR Bus collectively refers to the bus operations of Japan Railways Group companies in Japan. JR Bus is operated by eight regional companies, each owned by a JR railway company. JR Bus companies provide regional, long distance, and chartered bus services.
The list of Japanese municipal flags lists the flags of municipalities of Japan. Most municipalities of Japan have unique flags. Like prefectural flags, most of them are with a bicolor geometric highly stylized symbol (mon), often incorporating characters from Japanese writing system.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Japan:
The Japan Institute of Architects is a voluntary organization for architects in Japan, and an affiliated organization of the Union Internationale des Architectes (UIA). The institution was founded in May 1987 and includes round about 4,100 members today.
The District Meteorological Observatory, abbreviated to DMO, is a type of JMA weather stations and a part of its local offices. There are five District Meteorological Observatories in Japan. They're responsible for regional observation of the atmosphere, earthquakes, volcanos and gathering up data on them in order to announcing information to the public that provides against various natural disasters. They also supervise Local Meteorological Observatories and other weather stations within each district area.
The 32nd annual Japanese Regional Football League Competition took place from 22 November 2008 to 30 November 2008. It took place across the prefectures of Fukuoka, Kōchi, Tottori and Okinawa. It is the tournament which decided promotion to the Japan Football League for the 2009 season. As three teams were promoted from the Japan Football League to J. League Division 2, the top three teams in this competition were promoted: Machida Zelvia, V-Varen Nagasaki and Honda Lock.
Nishiyamato Gakuen Junior High School and High School is a private junior and senior high school for boarding and day students in grades 7–12. It is a co-educational college preparatory school, with approximately 1,600 students. The school consists of a junior high school and a senior high school, both located in Kawai, Kitakatsuragi District, Nara Prefecture, Japan, 26 kilometres southeast of Osaka.
Media related to Regions of Japan at Wikimedia Commons