List of regions of Japan

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Map of the regions of Japan. From northeast to southwest: Hokkaido (red), Tohoku (yellow), Kanto (green), Chubu (cyan), Kansai (violet), Chugoku (orange), Shikoku (purple), and Kyushu & Okinawa (grey). Regions and Prefectures of Japan no labels.svg
Map of the regions of Japan. From northeast to southwest: Hokkaidō (red), Tōhoku (yellow), Kantō (green), Chūbu (cyan), Kansai (violet), Chūgoku (orange), Shikoku (purple), and Kyūshū & Okinawa (grey).

Japan is divided into eight regions. They are not official administrative units, though they have been used by government officials for statistical and other purposes since 1905. They are widely used in, for example, maps, geography textbooks, and weather reports, and many businesses and institutions use their home regions in their names, for example Kinki Nippon Railway, Chūgoku Bank, and Tōhoku University.

Contents

Each region contains one or more of the country's 47 prefectures. Of the four main islands of Japan, Hokkaidō, Shikoku, and Kyūshū make up one region each, the latter also containing the Satsunan Islands, while the largest island Honshū is divided into five regions. Okinawa Prefecture is usually included in Kyūshū, but is sometimes treated as its own ninth region. [1] [2] [3]

Japan has eight High Courts, but their jurisdictions do not correspond to the eight regions (see Judicial system of Japan for details).

Table

RegionOther namesPopulationArea in km2 [4] Prefectures contained
Hokkaidō Northern Sea Circuit5.4 million [5] 83,000 Hokkaidō
Tōhoku Northeast, Ōu Region and Northeast Japan8.9 million [6] 67,000 Akita, Aomori, Fukushima, Iwate, Miyagi, Yamagata
Kantō N/A43.3 million [7] 32,000 Chiba, Gunma, Ibaraki, Kanagawa, Saitama, Tochigi, Tōkyō
Chūbu Central Region and Japan.21.4 million [8] 67,000 Aichi, Fukui, Gifu, Ishikawa, Nagano,
Niigata, Shizuoka, Toyama, Yamanashi
Kansai Kinki Region22.5 million [9] 33,000 Hyōgo, Kyōto, Mie, Nara, Ōsaka, Shiga, Wakayama
Chūgoku lit. Middle Country7.3 million [10] 32,000 Hiroshima, Okayama, Shimane, Tottori, Yamaguchi
Shikoku lit. Four Provinces3.8 million [11] 19,000 Ehime, Kagawa, Kōchi, Tokushima
Kyūshū & Okinawa

*(A prefecture)

lit. Nine Provinces14.3 million [12] 44,000 Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Kumamoto,
Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Ōita, Okinawa, Saga

Regions and islands

This is a list of Japan's major islands, traditional regions, and subregions, going from northeast to southwest. [13] [14] The eight traditional regions are marked in bold.

Other regional divisions

In many contexts in Japan (government, media markets, sports, regional business or trade union confederations), regions are used that deviate from the above-mentioned common geographical 8-region division that is sometimes referred to as "the" regions of Japan in the English Wikipedia and some other English-language publications. Examples of regional divisions of Japan as used by various institutions are:

National Police Agency regional supervisory offices [15]
RegionPrefectures
Hokkaidō (separate liaison office with the National Police Agency)
TōhokuAomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Yamagata, Fukushima
Tokyo (separate liaison office with the National Police Agency)
KantōIbaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa, Niigata, Yamanashi, Shizuoka
ChūbuToyama, Ishikawa, Fukui, Gifu, Aichi, Mie
KinkiShiga, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyōgo, Nara, Wakayama
ChūgokuTottori, Shimane, Okayama, Hiroshima, Yamaguchi
ShikokuTokushima, Kagawa, Ehime, Kōchi
KyūshūFukuoka, Saga, Nagasaki, Kumamoto, Ōita, Miyazaki, Kagoshima, Okinawa
NHK broadcasting regions [16]
RegionPrefectures
HokkaidōHokkaidō
TōhokuAomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Yamagata, Fukushima
Kantō-Kōshin'etsuIbaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Nagano, Niigata, Yamanashi
Tōkai-HokurikuToyama, Ishikawa, Fukui, Shizuoka, Gifu, Aichi, Mie
KinkiShiga, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyōgo, Nara, Wakayama
ChūgokuTottori, Shimane, Okayama, Hiroshima, Yamaguchi
ShikokuTokushima, Kagawa, Ehime, Kōchi
KyūshūFukuoka, Saga, Nagasaki, Kumamoto, Ōita, Miyazaki, Kagoshima, Okinawa
MLIT regional development offices [17]
RegionPrefectures (Nagano is split)
Hokkaidō (originally had a separate, cabinet-level development agency, now a separate MLIT department)
TōhokuAomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Yamagata, Fukushima
KantōIbaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Yamanashi, Nagano (northern part)
HokurikuNiigata, Toyama, Ishikawa
ChūbuNagano (southern part), Gifu, Shizuoka, Aichi, Mie
KinkiShiga, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyōgo, Nara, Wakayama, Fukui
ChūgokuTottori, Shimane, Okayama, Hiroshima, Yamaguchi
ShikokuTokushima, Kagawa, Ehime, Kōchi
KyūshūFukuoka, Saga, Nagasaki, Kumamoto, Ōita, Miyazaki, Kagoshima
Okinawa (originally had a separate, cabinet-level development agency, now a department in the Cabinet Office)
JMA weather forecast regions [18]
RegionPrefectures
HokkaidōHokkaidō
TōhokuAomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Yamagata, Fukushima
Kantō-KōshinIbaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Yamanashi, Nagano
HokurikuNiigata, Toyama, Ishikawa, Fukui
TōkaiGifu, Shizuoka, Aichi, Mie
KinkiShiga, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyōgo, Nara, Wakayama
ChūgokuTottori, Shimane, Okayama, Hiroshima
ShikokuTokushima, Kagawa, Ehime, Kōchi
Northern KyūshūYamaguchi, Fukuoka, Saga, Nagasaki, Kumamoto, Ōita
Southern Kyūshū-AmamiMiyazaki, Kagoshima
OkinawaOkinawa
Regional proportional representation constituencies for the lower house of the Japanese parliament Japanese House of Representatives Proportional Representation Blocks.svg
Regional proportional representation constituencies for the lower house of the Japanese parliament
Proportional constituencies ("blocks") for elections to the House of Representatives
ConstituencyPrefectures
HokkaidōHokkaidō
TōhokuAomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Yamagata, Fukushima
Northern KantōIbaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama
TokyoTokyo
Southern KantōChiba, Kanagawa, Yamanashi
Hokuriku-Shin'etsuNiigata, Nagano, Toyama, Ishikawa, Fukui
TōkaiGifu, Shizuoka, Aichi, Mie
KinkiShiga, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyōgo, Nara, Wakayama
ChūgokuTottori, Shimane, Okayama, Hiroshima, Yamaguchi
ShikokuTokushima, Kagawa, Ehime, Kōchi
KyūshūFukuoka, Saga, Nagasaki, Kumamoto, Ōita, Miyazaki, Kagoshima, Okinawa
High Court jurisdictions
High courtPrefectures
Sapporo Hokkaidō
Sendai Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Yamagata, Fukushima
Tokyo Tokyo, Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa, Niigata, Yamanashi, Nagano, Shizuoka
Nagoya Aichi, Mie, Gifu, Ishikawa, Fukui, Toyama
Osaka Shiga, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyōgo, Nara, Wakayama
Hiroshima Tottori, Shimane, Okayama, Hiroshima, Yamaguchi
Takamatsu Tokushima, Kagawa, Ehime, Kōchi
Fukuoka Fukuoka, Saga, Nagasaki, Kumamoto, Ōita, Miyazaki, Kagoshima, Okinawa
Regional qualifiers for the "spring Kōshien"
(Japanese High School Baseball Invitational Tournament)
RegionPrefectures
HokkaidōHokkaidō
TōhokuAomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Yamagata, Fukushima
KantōIbaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa, Yamanashi
TokyoTokyo
TōkaiGifu, Shizuoka, Aichi, Mie
Hoku-Shin'etsuNiigata, Nagano, Toyama, Ishikawa, Fukui
KinkiShiga, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyōgo, Nara, Wakayama
ChūgokuTottori, Shimane, Okayama, Hiroshima, Yamaguchi
ShikokuTokushima, Kagawa, Ehime, Kōchi
KyūshūFukuoka, Saga, Nagasaki, Kumamoto, Ōita, Miyazaki, Kagoshima, Okinawa
Football regions of Japan Japanese football regions colored.png
Football regions of Japan
Regional football/soccer leagues
RegionPrefectures
HokkaidōHokkaidō
TōhokuNorth: Aomori, Iwate, Akita
South: Miyagi, Yamagata, Fukushima
KantōIbaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Yamanashi
TōkaiGifu, Shizuoka, Aichi, Mie
Hoku-Shin'etsuNiigata, Toyama, Ishikawa, Fukui, Nagano
KansaiShiga, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyōgo, Nara, Wakayama
ChūgokuTottori, Shimane, Okayama, Hiroshima, Yamaguchi
ShikokuTokushima, Kagawa, Ehime, Kōchi
KyūshūFukuoka, Saga, Nagasaki, Kumamoto, Ōita, Miyazaki, Kagoshima, Okinawa
Regions used in the Bank of Japan regional economical report ("Sakura report") [19]
RegionPrefectures
HokkaidōHokkaidō
TōhokuAomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Yamagata, Fukushima
HokurikuToyama, Ishikawa, Fukui
Kantō-Kōshin'etsuIbaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Tokyo, Kanagawa, Niigata, Yamanashi, Nagano
TōkaiGifu, Shizuoka, Aichi, Mie
KinkiShiga, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyōgo, Nara, Wakayama
ChūgokuTottori, Shimane, Okayama, Hiroshima, Yamaguchi
ShikokuTokushima, Kagawa, Ehime, Kōchi
Kyūshū-OkinawaFukuoka, Saga, Nagasaki, Kumamoto, Ōita, Miyazaki, Kagoshima, Okinawa

See also

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References

  1. "Regions". Archived from the original on 2020-07-27. Retrieved 2021-02-14.
  2. Regions of Japan
  3. A Guide to the Regions of Japan
  4. Japan's Regional Megamarkets - Semantic Scholar (PDF)
  5. What special characteristics does Hokkaido have? from Kids Web Japan
  6. What special characteristics does the Tohoku region have? from Kids Web Japan
  7. What special characteristics does the Kanto region have? from Kids Web Japan
  8. What special characteristics does the Chubu region have? from Kids Web Japan
  9. What special characteristics does the Kinki region have? from Kids Web Japan
  10. What special characteristics does the Chugoku region have? from Kids Web Japan
  11. What special characteristics does the Shikoku region have? from Kids Web Japan
  12. What special characteristics does the Kyushu-Okinawa region have? from Kids Web Japan
  13. Regions of Japan on japan-guide.com
  14. Regions of Japan on web-japan.org
  15. NPA: 管区警察局の活動, retrieved September 24, 2021.
  16. NHK: 全国のNHK Archived 2022-06-13 at the Wayback Machine , retrieved September 24, 2021.
  17. MLIT: 地方整備局, retrieved September 24, 2021.
  18. JMA: 天気予報等で用いる用語>地域名, retrieved September 24, 2021.
  19. BoJ: 地域経済報告 ── さくらレポート ── (2021年7月), the definition of regions is in the table of contents before p. 1 (Summary in English translation, the definition of regions is in the appendix), retrieved September 24, 2021.

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