Miyazaki Prefecture

Last updated
Miyazaki Prefecture

宮崎県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 宮崎県
   Rōmaji Miyazaki-ken
Flag of Miyazaki Prefecture.svg
Flag
Symbol of Miyazaki Prefecture.svg
Symbol
Map of Japan with highlight on 45 Miyazaki prefecture.svg
CountryFlag of Japan.svg  Japan
Region Kyushu
Island Kyushu
Capital Miyazaki (city)
Subdivisions Districts: 6, Municipalities: 26
Government
   Governor Shunji Kōno
Area
  Total7,735.32 km2 (2,986.62 sq mi)
Area rank 14th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
  Total1,073,054
  Rank 36th
  Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-45
Website www.pref.miyazaki.lg.jp
Symbols
BirdIjima copper pheasant (Phasianus soemmerringii ijimae)
FlowerHamayu (Crinum asiaticum var. japonicum)
TreePhoenix palm (Phoenix canariensis)

Miyazaki Prefecture (宮崎県, Miyazaki-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. [1] Miyazaki Prefecture has a population of 1,073,054 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 7,735 km2 (2,986 sq mi). Miyazaki Prefecture borders Ōita Prefecture to the north, Kumamoto Prefecture to the northwest, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the southwest.

Contents

Miyazaki is the capital and largest city of Miyazaki Prefecture, with other major cities including Miyakonojō, Nobeoka, and Hyūga. Miyazaki Prefecture is located in southeastern Kyūshū on Japan's Pacific coast, with its coastline extending from Nobeoka near the entrance to the Bungo Channel to Shibushi Bay in Kushima.

History

Historically, after the Meiji Restoration, Hyūga Province was renamed Miyazaki Prefecture. [2]

In Japan, Miyazaki Prefecture was first created in 1873 when Mimitsu Prefecture was merged with parts of Miyakonojō Prefecture. The first Miyazaki existed only until 1876 when it was merged (back) into Kagoshima Prefecture. Under public pressure and demands in the prefectural assembly of Kagoshima, Miyazaki became finally independent from Kagoshima in 1883. [3]

Geography

Miyazaki Prefecture is on the eastern coast of the island of Kyushu, surrounded by the Pacific Ocean to the south and east, Ōita Prefecture to the north, and Kumamoto and Kagoshima prefectures to the west. It is one of only two locations on Earth where the fungus Chorioactis geaster is found. [4] Miyazaki is the home of the hyuganatsu fruit.

As of 31 March 2019, 12% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Kirishima-Kinkōwan National Park; Kyūshū Chūō Sanchi, Nichinan Kaigan, Nippō Kaigan, and Sobo-Katamuki Quasi-National Parks; and Mochio-Sekinoo, Osuzu, Saitobaru-Sugiyasukyō, Sobo Katamuki, Wanitsuka, and Yatake Kōgen Prefectural Natural Parks. [5] [6]

Oyodo River in Miyazaki City Ooyodogawa River.jpg
Ōyodo River in Miyazaki City
Cape Toi, habitat of Cycas revoluta (Sotetsu) Toimisaki Sotetu Kuma Miyazaki.JPG
Cape Toi, habitat of Cycas revoluta (Sotetsu)
Takachiho Valley Takachihokyo 20170219-2.jpg
Takachiho Valley

Cities

Map of Miyazaki Prefecture
City Town Village Map of Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Map of Miyazaki Prefecture
     City     Town     Village

Nine cities are in Miyazaki Prefecture:

Districts

These are the towns and villages of each district:

Mergers

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Miyazaki.

Football (soccer)

Basketball (Bj League)

Press Media

Newspaper

The Miyazaki Nichi-Nichi Shimbun is a local newspaper covering the entire area of Miyazaki Prefecture.

The Yomiuri / Asahi / Daily newspapers handle the Miyazaki edition, and the Nishi-Nippon Shimbun handles articles in the prefecture within Minami Kyushu Wide (two prefectures in Miyazaki and Kagoshima). The Minami Nihon Shimbun is a local newspaper in Kagoshima Prefecture, but it is also sold in the western part of the prefecture (prefectures). The Nishi Nihon Shimbun ended its publication in both Miyazaki and Kagoshima prefectures on March 31, 2018 (the same applies to West Japan Sports).

Telecast

TV station Status

In this prefecture, even after many broadcasting stations (Heisei New Station) opened in other prefectures and the number of channels increased, private broadcasting as the target area of broadcasting is the Fuji TV series main TV Miyazaki (UMK) and TBS series There are only two stations of Miyazaki Broadcasting (MRT). In the 1990s, a third commercial TV station was scheduled to be created, but it has been abandoned, and there are no plans or plans for the opening of a new station (see details in the separate section).

There are other prefectures (Fukui Prefecture and Yamanashi Prefecture) where there are only two commercial broadcasters, but these prefectures are areas where broadcast stations in the neighboring prefectures can watch by means of public hearing facilities, cable TV (CATV) or direct reception outside the area. Is the majority. On the other hand, in this prefecture, as will be described later, the penetration rate of cable TV is low for the number of private broadcasters, and the reception outside the area is also limited to Kagoshima Prefecture in parts of Ebino City, Miyakonojo City, Kushima City, Mimata Town There is a relative disparity in information in Japan because the broadcast area is limited to the broadcast area where Kumamoto Prefecture is the broadcast area in some areas such as Gokase-cho. It is said that.

Until the opening of NHK Miyazaki Broadcasting Station in July 1960, the Kagoshima Station was received in Miyazaki City, and before the Kagoshima Station was opened, the Hiroshima Station was received using ionospheric reflection, as well as Gokase Town and Shiiba Village. Then Kumamoto station was watched. See Gokase Relay Station for the situation in Gokase Town.

On the other hand, as described above, there are only two channels that can be directly viewed in Miyazaki Prefecture as described above (this is not the case if you can watch stations in neighboring prefectures). There are also locations that receive broadcasts from neighboring prefectures (mainly Kagoshima and Kumamoto Prefectures) that perform full networks of the ANN (TV Asahi) series and NNS / NNN (Nippon TV) series, which are sub-affiliated sub-series. (Refer to the separate section for details.)

Proposed TV Station

In 1990, the third private broadcasting station was assigned (Miyazaki 21ch), and about 400 licenses were filed. Among them, NTV had a plan to set up a broadcasting station with Okinawa (see Southwest Broadcasting for Okinawa), but it was necessary to inject funds into satellite broadcasting due to the effects of the recession after the collapse of the bubble economy and satellite broadcasting.

By April 1993, “The program will be provided free of charge, but it will not support the opening of the station and will not be given any compensation for the network” (meaning that you have to search for sponsors yourself), and will advance to Miyazaki as a key station. Abandoned. For this reason, there was a plan to use TV Asahi as a key station later, but the TV Asahi side showed disappointment, thus the idea of setting up the third station was on the reef and on September 6, 2000. The radio wave assignment has been canceled. The land reserved for the new Miyazaki station later became a parking lot.

Former Governor Hideo Higashikokubaru also posted an extension of the TV station in the manifesto, but this was not necessarily a terrestrial commercial release, but also an image of Internet TV. On the other hand, the Institute for Manifest Research at Waseda University has judged this manifest as a C evaluation (minimum of the three stages of A, B, and C), which is “substantially delayed or policy change".

Miyazaki Method

The Miyazaki system for TV transmitters means that the local government that is the beneficiary bears a part of the installation cost of the relay station.

As a private broadcasting station, the coverage rate in the prefecture is almost 100% just by setting up a plan station, so the installation of a relay station in a mountainous area was not expected to be cost-effective. This was the direction of installation due to the fact that the local government in the Irago district (current Misato-cho, Togo-cho, Hyuga-shi, Morozuka-mura, Shiiba-mura) applied to the broadcasting station for a part of the installation cost in 1973. . As a result, relay stations were set up in Irago, Hinata Saigo, Togo (1973), Kita Morozuka, Minami Morozuka, Shiiba (1974). Since then, this method has basically been adopted for relay stations installed in Miyazaki Prefecture.

Radio

In Miyazaki City, there was a community FM station, Miyazaki City FM (City FM77), which was closed on October 31, 2005.

Transportation

Rail

Bus

Airport

Miyazaki Airport Miyazaki Airport Feb 2008.jpg
Miyazaki Airport

See also

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Miyazaki prefecture" at Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 651 , p. 651, at Google Books.
  2. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780 , p. 780, at Google Books.
  3. Prefectural government of Miyazaki (2013): 宮崎県 置県130年 (Miyazaki-ken chiken 130-nen, "Miyazaki Prefecture – 130 years [since/after] the establishment of the prefecture"), retrieved September 1, 2020.
  4. Nagao H, Kurogi S, Kiyota E, Sasatomi K (2009). "Kumanasamuha geaster sp. nov., an anamorph of Chorioactis geaster from Japan". Mycologia. 101 (6): 871–877. doi:10.3852/08-121. PMID   19927753. S2CID   27704164.
  5. 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture](PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. 31 March 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  6. 宮崎の国定公園・県立自然公園 [Quasi-National and Prefectural Natural Parks of Miyazaki] (in Japanese). Miyazaki Prefecture. Retrieved 12 August 2019.

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Hyūga Province Former province of Japan

Hyūga Province was an old province of Japan on the east coast of Kyūshū, corresponding to the modern Miyazaki Prefecture. It was sometimes called Nisshū (日州) or Kōshū (向州). Hyūga bordered on Bungo, Higo, Ōsumi, and Satsuma Province.

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Miyakonojō City in Kyushu, Japan

Miyakonojō is a city in Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1924. As of June 1, 2019, the city has an estimated population of 161,137, with 70,549 households and a population density of 247 per km2. The total area is 653.36 km2 making it the largest city in the prefecture in terms of area.

Nobeoka Station Railway station in Nobeoka, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Nobeoka Station is a railway station on the Nippō Main Line in Nobeoka, Miyazaki, Japan, operated by Kyushu Railway Company.

Minami-Nobeoka Station Railway station in Nobeoka, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Minami-Nobeoka Station is a railway station in Nobeoka, Miyazaki, Japan. It is operated by of JR Kyushu and is on the Nippō Main Line.

Nichinan Station Railway station in Nichinan, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Nichinan Station is a train station in Nichinan, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by of JR Kyushu and is on the Nichinan Line.

Kushima Station Railway station in Kushima, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Kushima Station is a train station in Kushima, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by of JR Kyushu and is on the Nichinan Line.

Kitagō Station Railway station in Nichinan, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Kitagō Station is a train station in Nichinan, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by of JR Kyushu and is on the Nichinan Line.

Nangō Station Railway station in Nichinan, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Nangō Station is a train station in Nichinan, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by of JR Kyushu and is on the Nichinan Line.

Hyūga-Sumiyoshi Station Railway station in Miyazaki, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Hyūga-Sumiyoshi Station is a railway station in Miyazaki City, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by of JR Kyushu and is on the Nippō Main Line.

Ōdōtsu Station Railway station in Nichinan, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Ōdōtsu Station is a train station in Nichinan, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by JR Kyushu and is on the Nichinan Line.

Hyūga-Ōtsuka Station Railway station in Kushima, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Hyūga-Ōtsuka Station is a train station in Kushima, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by of JR Kyushu and is on the Nichinan Line.

Hyūga-Kitakata Station Railway station in Kushima, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Hyūga-Kitakata Station is a train station in Kushima, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by of JR Kyushu and is on the Nichinan Line.

Fukushima-Imamachi Station Railway station in Kushima, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Fukushima-Imamachi Station is a train station in Kushima, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. It is operated by of JR Kyushu and is on the Nichinan Line.

Totoro Station Railway station in Nobeoka, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Totoro Station is a railway station in Nobeoka, Miyazaki, Japan. It is operated by of JR Kyushu and is on the Nippō Main Line.

Hyūga-Nagai Station Railway station in Nobeoka, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Hyūga-Nagai Station is a railway station in Nobeoka, Miyazaki, Japan. It is operated by of JR Kyushu and is on the Nippō Main Line.

This is an outline of the history of Miyazaki Prefecture.

References

Video Footage

The following travel- and tourism-related videos were shot and provided by video artist egawauemon.

Coordinates: 32°1′N131°21′E / 32.017°N 131.350°E / 32.017; 131.350