Korean Air

Last updated

Korean Air
Daehan Hanggong
KoreanAir logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded1962; 57 years ago
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer program SKYPASS
Alliance SkyTeam
Subsidiaries Jin Air
Fleet size179
Destinations150 [1]
Company sloganExcellence in Flight
Parent company Hanjin Group
Traded as KRX: 003490
Headquarters Gonghang-dong, Gangseo-gu, Seoul, South Korea
Key people
Revenue Increase2.svg US$ 13.24 billion (2014) [2]
Operating income Increase2.svg US$ (25) million (2014) [2]
Net income Increase2.svg US$ (233) million (2014) [2]
Total assets Increase2.svg US$ 17.6 billion (2014) [2]
Total equity Increase2.svg US$ 21.6 billion (2014) [2]
Website koreanair.com
Korean name
Revised Romanization Daehan Hanggong
McCune–Reischauer Taehan Hanggong

Korean Air Lines Co., Ltd. (Hangul : 대한항공; RR : Daehan Hanggong), operating as Korean Air, is the largest airline and flag carrier of South Korea based on fleet size, international destinations and international flights. The airline's global headquarters are located in Seoul, South Korea. Korean Air was founded as Korean National Airlines in 1946. After several years of service and expansion, the airline was fully privatized in 1969.

Hangul Native alphabet of the Korean language

The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by King Sejong the Great. It may also be written as Hangeul following the standard Romanization.

Revised Romanization of Korean Korean language romanization system

The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea proclaimed by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism to replace the older McCune–Reischauer system. The new system eliminates diacritics and apostrophes in favor of digraphs.

Airline company that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight

An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight. Airlines utilize aircraft to supply these services and may form partnerships or alliances with other airlines for codeshare agreements. Generally, airline companies are recognized with an air operating certificate or license issued by a governmental aviation body.


Korean Air's international passenger division and related subsidiary cargo division together serve 127 cities in 44 countries, while its domestic division serves 12 destinations. It is among the top 20 airlines in the world in terms of passengers carried and is also the top-ranked international cargo airline. Incheon International Airport serves as Korean Air's international hub. Korean Air also maintains a satellite headquarters campus at Incheon. The majority of Korean Air's pilots, ground staff, and flight attendants are based in Seoul.

Incheon International Airport International airport in South Korea

Incheon International Airport (IIA) is the largest airport in South Korea, the primary airport serving the Seoul Capital Area, and one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. Since 2005, it has been rated the best airport worldwide by Airports Council International every year. It is also rated as the world's cleanest airport and the world's best international transit airport by Skytrax.

Korean Air is the parent company of Jin Air and is a founding member of the SkyTeam airline alliance. It was voted Asia's best airline by Business Traveler readers in 2012. [3]

Jin Air Co. Ltd is a South Korean low-cost airline. As of April 2018 it operates flights to six domestic cities and 26 international destinations. It launched its first long haul route, between Incheon and Honolulu, in December 2015. It has operated cargo services since November 2013.

SkyTeam global airline alliance

SkyTeam is an airline alliance. Founded in June 2000, SkyTeam was the last of the three major airline alliances to be formed, the first two being Star Alliance and Oneworld. As of January 2019, SkyTeam consists of 19 carriers from five continents and operates with the slogan "Caring more about you". It also operates a cargo alliance named SkyTeam Cargo, which partners ten carriers, all of them SkyTeam members. Its centralised management team, SkyTeam Central, is based at the World Trade Center Schiphol Airport on the grounds of Amsterdam Airport Schiphol in Haarlemmermeer, Netherlands.


A Korean National Airlines Douglas DC-4 at Oakland in 1953 Douglas DC-4-1009 Korean National Airlines HL-108.jpg
A Korean National Airlines Douglas DC-4 at Oakland in 1953
KAL introduction of the Boeing 747 for its international Pacific routes in 1973. Korean Airlines Introduction of Boeing 747 for Pacific Route 1973.jpg
KAL introduction of the Boeing 747 for its international Pacific routes in 1973.


Korean Air was founded by the South Korean government in 1962 as Korean Air Lines to replace Korean National Airlines, which was founded in 1946. On March 1, 1969, the Hanjin Transport Group took control of the airline. Long-haul freight operations were introduced on April 26, 1971, followed by passenger services to Los Angeles International Airport on April 19, 1972. [4]

South Korea Republic in East Asia

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying to the east of the Asian mainland. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. South Korea lies in the north temperate zone and has a predominantly mountainous terrain. It comprises an estimated 51.4 million residents distributed over 100,363 km2 (38,750 sq mi). Its capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of around 10 million.

Korean National Airlines

Korean National Airlines (KNA) was the first air carrier in Korea. Established in 1946 and incorporated in 1948 in South Korea, and its first official passenger flight was from Seoul to Pusan on October 30, 1948. The carrier was an international carrier – though it was privately owned by its Founding Chairman, Captain Shin Yong-Wook (신용욱). It operated under the brand name Koreanair.

Los Angeles International Airport airport serving the Greater Los Angeles Area

Los Angeles International Airport, locally referred to as LAX, is the primary international airport serving Los Angeles, California.

International flights to Hong Kong, Taiwan and Los Angeles were flown with Boeing 707s until the introduction of the Boeing 747 in 1973. In 1973, the airline introduced Boeing 747s on its Pacific routes and started a European service to Paris, France using the 707 and then McDonnell Douglas DC-10. In 1975, the airline became one of the earliest Asian airlines to operate Airbus aircraft with the purchase of three Airbus A300s, which were put into immediate service on Asian routes. [5] Since South Korean aircraft were prohibited from flying in the airspace of North Korea and the Soviet Union at the time, the European routes had to be designed eastbound from South Korea, such as Gimpo-Anchorage-Paris.

Boeing 707 Narrow-body jet airliner family

The Boeing 707 is an American mid-sized, long-range, narrow-body, four-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from 1958 to 1979. Versions of the aircraft have a capacity from 140 to 219 passengers and a range of 2,500 to 5,750 nautical miles.

Boeing 747 American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, first wide-body aircraft to be produced

The Boeing 747 is an American wide-body commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft. The first wide-body airplane produced, it was the first plane dubbed a "Jumbo Jet". Its distinctive hump upper deck along the forward part of the aircraft has made it one of the most recognizable aircraft. Manufactured by Boeing's Commercial Airplane unit in the United States, the 747 was originally planned to have 150 percent greater capacity than the Boeing 707, a common large commercial aircraft of the 1960s. First flown commercially in 1970, the 747 held the passenger capacity record for 37 years.

McDonnell Douglas DC-10 Wide-body tri-jet airliner

The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is an American three-engine wide-body jet airliner manufactured by McDonnell Douglas. It has two turbofan engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. The DC-10 was intended as a successor to the company's DC-8 for medium- to long range flights, using a larger capacity wide-body layout with seating up to 380 and more powerful engines. Lockheed also saw this niche as an ideal place to reenter the commercial airliner market with their very similar L-1011 TriStar. Although the L-1011 was more technologically advanced, the DC-10 would go on to outsell the L-1011 by a significant margin due to the DC-10's lower price and earlier entry into the market.

Change to 'Korean Air'

A blue-top, silver and redesigned livery with a new corporate "Korean Air" logo featuring a stylized Taegeuk design was introduced on March 1, 1984, and the airline's name changed to Korean Air from Korean Air Lines. This livery was introduced on its Fokker F28 Fellowships and Boeing 747-300s. It was designed in cooperation between Korean Air and Boeing. In the 1990s, Korean Air became the first airline to use the new McDonnell Douglas MD-11 to supplement its new fleet of Boeing 747-400 aircraft; however, the MD-11 did not meet the airline's performance requirements and they were eventually converted to freighters. Some older 747 aircraft were also converted for freight service.

Livery uniforms worn by servants or other classes of people

A livery is a uniform, insignia or symbol adorning, in a non-military context, a person, an object or a vehicle that denotes a relationship between the wearer of the livery and an individual or corporate body. Often, elements of the heraldry relating to the individual or corporate body feature in the livery. Alternatively, some kind of a personal emblem or badge, or a distinctive colour, is featured.


Taegeuk is the Korean form of the Chinese term Taiji, meaning "supreme ultimate". The symbol was chosen for the design of the national flag in the 1880s, known as taegeukgi. The Taegeuk is commonly associated with Korean tradition and represents balance in the universe: the red half represents positive cosmic forces, and the blue half represents the opposing negative cosmic forces. It is used in Korean Shamanism, Confucianism, Daoism and Buddhism.

Fokker F28 Fellowship Short range jet airliner produced 1967-1987

The Fokker F28 Fellowship is a short range jet airliner designed and built by Dutch aircraft manufacturer Fokker.

Korean Air Lines Boeing 747SP at EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg in 1985. Korean Air Boeing 747SP at Basle - January 1985.jpg
Korean Air Lines Boeing 747SP at EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg in 1985.
Korean Air takes delivery of its first Airbus A380 at Toulouse-Blagnac Airport, France, May 25, 2011. KoreanAirA380delivery.jpg
Korean Air takes delivery of its first Airbus A380 at Toulouse–Blagnac Airport, France, May 25, 2011.

Further expansion and founding of Jin Air

In the 1980s, Korean Air's head office was in the KAL Building on Namdaemunno, Jung-gu, Seoul. [6]

On June 5, 2007, Korean Air said that it would create a new low-cost carrier called Jin Air in Korea to compete with Korea's KTX high-speed railway network system, which offered cheaper fares and less stringent security procedures compared to air travel. Jin Air started its scheduled passenger service from Seoul to Jeju on July 17, 2008. Korean Air announced that some of its 737s and A300s would be given to Jin Air.

By 2009, Korean Air's image had become more prestigious, differing from the airline's late-1990s image, which had been tarnished by several fatal accidents. [7]

In mid-2010, a co-marketing deal with games company Blizzard Entertainment sent a 747-400 and a 737-900 taking to the skies wrapped in StarCraft II branding. In August 2010, Korean Air announced heavy second-quarter losses despite record high revenue. [8] In August 2010, Hanjin Group, the parent of Korean, opened a new cargo terminal at Navoi in Uzbekistan, which will become a cargo hub with regular Incheon-Navoi-Milan flights. [9]

Korean Air owns five hotels: two KAL hotels on Jeju island, the Hyatt in Incheon; Waikiki Resort in Hawaii, and a hotel/office building called the Wilshire Grand Tower which is being redeveloped. This building in downtown Los Angeles will house the largest InterContinental Hotel in the Americas in what will be the tallest building in Los Angeles. [10]

In 2013, Korean Air acquired a 44% stake in Czech Airlines. [11] It sold the stake in October 2017.

Corporate affairs and identity

One of the airline's offices, the KAL Building in Seoul Korean Air Headquarters in Seoul.jpg
One of the airline's offices, the KAL Building in Seoul

Korean Air's headquarters, the Korean Air Operations Center (대한항공 빌딩 [12] ), is located in Gonghang-dong, Gangseo-gu in Seoul. Korean Air also has offices at Gimpo International Airport in Seoul. Korean Air's other hubs are at Jeju International Airport, Jeju and Gimhae International Airport, Busan. [4] The maintenance facilities are located in Gimhae International Airport.

The airline had approximately 20,540 employees as of December 2014. [13]


Korean Air serves 123 international destinations in 50 countries on 5 continents, excluding codeshares. The airline’s international hub is Incheon International Airport. The airline also flies 13 domestic destinations within South Korea. KAL operates between Incheon and 22 cities in mainland China, and along with Asiana Airlines, it is one of the two largest foreign airlines to operate into the People's Republic of China. [14]

Codeshare agreements

Korean Air has codeshare agreements with the following airlines: [15] [16]

Interline agreements

Korean Air has interline agreements with the following airlines:

Korean Air is also an airline partner of Skywards, the frequent-flyer program for Emirates. Skywards members can earn miles for flying Korean Air and can redeem miles for free flights.


Current fleet

Korean Air Airbus A330-200 Korean Air Airbus A330-200, HL7538@ZRH,14.04.2007-459av - Flickr - Aero Icarus.jpg
Korean Air Airbus A330-200
Korean Air Boeing 777-200ER Korean Air Boeing 777-200ER HL7526 SVO 2011-6-17.png
Korean Air Boeing 777-200ER
Korean Air Boeing 787-9 Korean Air Lines, Boeing 787-9, HL8082 (36198855742).jpg
Korean Air Boeing 787-9
Korean Air Boeing 747-8I Boeing 747-8I, Korean.jpg
Korean Air Boeing 747-8I
Korean Air Airbus A380 Korean Air Airbus A380-861; HL7611@LAX;11.10.2011 623br (6643811363).jpg
Korean Air Airbus A380

As of April 2019, the Korean Air fleet consists of the following aircraft: [23] [24] [25] [26]

Korean Air Fleet
AircraftIn serviceOrdersPassengersNotes
Airbus A220-300 1025102127Order with 10 options and 10 purchase rights [27]
Delivered from December 2017. [28] [26]
Airbus A321neo 30TBAOrder with 20 options. [29]
Airbus A330-200 8624188218
Airbus A330-300 21618248272
Airbus A380-800 101294301407
Boeing 737-800 912126138
Boeing 737-900 168180188
Boeing 737-900ER 612147159
Boeing 737 MAX 8 30824108140Order with 20 options. [30]
Currently being reconsidered after the crash of ET302 and the ban from Korean airspace of the type.
Boeing 747-400 21245308365
Boeing 747-8I 10648314368
Boeing 777-200ER 148
Boeing 777-300 4635297338
Boeing 777-300ER 246842227277
Boeing 787-9 10618245269Order with 10 options. [31]
Order was converted from 787-8. [32] [33]
Korean Air Cargo fleet
Boeing 747-400ERF 4Cargo
Boeing 747-8F 7Cargo
Boeing 777F 12Cargo
Korean Air Business Jet fleet [34] [35]
Boeing BBJ1 216 - 26
Bombardier Global Express XRS 213
Gulfstream G650ER 1 [36] 13
Sikorsky S-76+ 15 - 6
Korean Air Air Ambulance fleet
Eurocopter EC135 55

Retired fleet

Airbus A300-600R HL7290 A300B4-622R Korean Air NRT 21MAY03 (8422304061).jpg
Airbus A300-600R
Boeing 707-320C Boeing 707-338C, Korean Air Lines Cargo AN0813292.jpg
Boeing 707-320C
Boeing 747SP Korean Air Lines Boeing 747SP Marmet-1.jpg
Boeing 747SP

Korean Air has operated the following aircraft: [37]

Korean Air retired fleet
Airbus A300B4-2C 819751997
Airbus A300B4-200F 219862000
Airbus A300-600R 3019872012
Airbus A300-600RF 220152015Converted from Airbus A300-600R.
Boeing 707-320B UnknownUnknownUnknownOne was attacked in Soviet Union airspace as Korean Air Lines Flight 902
Boeing 707-320C UnknownUnknownUnknownOne was destroyed by a bomb over the Andaman Sea as Korean Air Flight 858
Boeing 720 UnknownUnknownUnknown
Boeing 727-100 UnknownUnknownUnknown
Boeing 727-200 UnknownUnknownUnknown
Boeing 747-200B 1019781998One aircraft was shot down in Soviet Union airspace as Korean Air Flight 007
One crashed as Korean Air Lines Flight 015
Boeing 747-200C 219742000
Boeing 747-200F 819782006One crashed as Korean Air Cargo Flight 8509
Boeing 747-200SF 219912002
Boeing 747-300 219842006One crashed as Korean Air Flight 801
Boeing 747-300M 119882001
Boeing 747-300SF 120012006
Boeing 747-400BCF 920072014
Boeing 747-400F 1019962018
Boeing 747-400M 119902010
Boeing 747SP 219811998
Boeing 777-200ER 420052016Transferred to subsidiary Jin Air
CASA C-212 UnknownUnknownUnknown
Douglas DC-3 UnknownUnknownUnknown
Douglas DC-4 219621967
Douglas DC-8-60 619721976
Fairchild-Hiller FH-227 UnknownUnknownUnknown
Fokker F27-200 UnknownUnknownUnknown
Fokker F27-500 UnknownUnknownUnknown
Fokker F28-4000 UnknownUnknownUnknown
Fokker 100 1219922004
Lockheed L-749A Constellation UnknownUnknownUnknown
McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 UnknownUnknownUnknown
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 519751996One crashed as Korean Air Flight 803
McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30CF 119781983
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 519911995
McDonnell Douglas MD-11F 519952005One crashed as Korean Air Cargo Flight 6316
McDonnell Douglas MD-82 919932001
McDonnell Douglas MD-83 719942001
NAMC YS-11A-200 UnknownUnknownUnknown

Fleet plans

At the Association of Asia Pacific Airlines Assembly in 2018, Korean Air announced that it was considering a new large widebody aircraft order. Types under consideration for replacement of older widebody aircraft in the fleet include the Boeing 777X and Airbus A350 XWB. [38]

Aircraft interiors

Korean Air Airbus A380-800 Business Class cabin Airbus A380-861, Korean Air AN2067289.jpg
Korean Air Airbus A380-800 Business Class cabin
Korean Air Airbus A380-800 Economy Class cabin Airbus A380-861, Korean Air AN1960985.jpg
Korean Air Airbus A380-800 Economy Class cabin

Korean Air offers four types of first class, three types of business (Prestige) class, and two types of economy class.

Prestige Class

Prestige Class seats include "Prestige Sleeper" seats on all Boeing 777-300ERs and Airbus A380s, as well as 777-200ER aircraft that feature "Kosmo Suites" seats; "Prestige Plus" seats on most of the Boeing 777-200ER fleet, most of the Boeing 747-400 fleet, and one Boeing 777-300; and "old Prestige Class" seats. "Prestige Sleeper" seats recline to 180 degrees, while "Prestige Plus" seats recline up to 172 degrees. "Old Prestige Class" seats recline up to only 138 degrees, although these seats are being phased out except for on Boeing 737 aircraft.

Economy Class

Economy Class seats recline up to 121 degrees. A new type of seat called "New Economy Class" is being installed on all Boeing 777-300ER and Boeing 777-200ER aircraft with Kosmo Suites, all Boeing 777-300 aircraft, some Airbus A330-300 aircraft, some Airbus A330-200 aircraft, the Airbus A380 aircraft (factory-installed), and brand new Boeing 747-8i aircraft.

The "Kosmo Suites" seats and the "Prestige Sleeper" seats were first introduced in the Boeing 777-300ERs in May 2009. [39] Both seats could stretch to 180 degrees, and became more private than seats before.

The Korean Air Airbus A380-800 aircraft also feature an inflight bar called the Celestial Bar in partnership with Absolut Vodka, featuring a range of Absolut cocktails, along with an integrated lounge space. [40] It is located on the upper deck Business Class cabin, and is accessible only to First and Prestige class passengers.

On the lower deck of the A380, there is a Lancôme-designed duty-free shop located in the rear of the cabin that is available to all passengers. [41]

Loyalty program

SKYPASS is the frequent-flyer program of Korean Air. "SKYPASS" also refers to the blue card which Korean Air frequent-flyers are given. The motto of SKYPASS is "Beyond your Imagination". The program's elite levels are comparable to those of other airlines' frequent-flyer programs, requiring members to fly 30,000 miles per two-year cycle (initial entry into this level requires 50,000 miles). Qualification for the highest level is based on lifetime flight miles, requiring a customer to fly 1 million miles for Million Miler, which is the highest elite status; or 500,000 miles for Morning Calm Premium, which comes second. Both membership levels are eligible for SkyTeam Elite Plus privileges. Membership in these levels are granted for life.

Aerospace research and manufacturing

Korean Air is also involved in aerospace research and manufacturing. The division, known as the Korean Air Aerospace Division (KAL-ASD), has manufactured licensed versions of the MD Helicopters MD 500 and Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters, as well as the Northrop F-5E/F Tiger II fighter aircraft, [42] the aft fuselage and wings for the KF-16 fighter aircraft manufactured by Korean Aerospace Industries and parts for various commercial aircraft including the Boeing 737, Boeing 747, Boeing 777 and Boeing 787 Dreamliner; and the Airbus A330 and Airbus A380. [43] In 1991 the division designed and flew the Korean Air Chang-Gong 91 light aircraft. KAA also provides aircraft maintenance support for the United States Department of Defense in Asia and maintains a research division with focuses on launch vehicles, satellites, commercial aircraft, military aircraft, helicopters and simulation systems. [44]

In October 2012, a development deal between Bombardier Aerospace and a government-led South Korean consortium was announced, aiming to develop a 90-seat turboprop regional airliner, targeting a 2019 launch date. The consortium would include Korea Aerospace Industries and Korean Air Lines. [45]

Incidents and accidents

Korean Air has a poor safety record and was once regarded[ according to whom? ] as one of the world's most dangerous airlines. [46] [47] Between 1970 and 1999, many fatal incidents occurred, during which time 16 aircraft were written off in serious incidents and accidents with the loss of 700 lives. Two Korean Air aircraft were shot down by the Soviet Union, one operating as Korean Air Lines Flight 902 and the other as Korean Air Lines Flight 007. Korean Air's deadliest incident was Flight 007 which was shot down by the Soviet Union on September 1, 1983. All 269 people on board were killed, including a sitting U.S. Congressman, Larry McDonald. The last fatal passenger accident was the Korean Air Flight 801 crash in 1997, which killed 228 people. The last crew fatalities were in the crash of Korean Air Cargo Flight 8509 in December 1999. [48]


Chaebol and nepotism

Korean Air has been cited as one of the examples of the South Korean "chaebol" system, wherein corporate conglomerates, established with government support, overreach diverse branches of industry. For much of the time between the foundation of Korean Air as Korean National Airlines in 1946 and the foundation of Asiana Airlines in 1988, Korean Air was the only airline operating in South Korea. The process of privatization of Korean National Airlines in 1969 was supported by Park Chung-hee, the South Korean military general-president who seized power of the country through a military coup d'état; and the monopoly of the airline was secured for two decades. After widening the Jaebeol branches, the subsidiary corporations of Korean Air include marine and overland transportation businesses, hotels and real estate among others; and the previous branches included heavy industry, passenger transportation, construction and a stockbroking business. The nature of the South Korean chaebeol system involves nepotism. A series of incidents involving Korean Air in 2000s have "revealed an ugly side of the culture within chaebeols, South Korean’s giant family-run conglomerates". [49]

Nut-rage incident

Cho Hyun-Ah, also known as "Heather Cho", is the daughter of then-chairman Cho Yang-ho. She resigned from some of her duties in late 2014 after she ordered a Korean Air jet to return to the gate to allow a flight attendant to be removed from the aircraft. The attendant had served Cho nuts in a bag instead of on a plate. As a result of further fallout, Cho Hyun-Ah was later arrested by Korean authorities for violating South Korea's aviation safety laws. [50]

See also

Related Research Articles

Delta Air Lines, Inc., typically referred to as simply Delta, is a major American airline, with its headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia. The airline, along with its subsidiaries and regional affiliates, operates over 5,400 flights daily and serves an extensive domestic and international network that includes 304 destinations in 52 countries on six continents, as of October 2018. Delta is a founding member of the SkyTeam airline alliance. Regional service is operated under the brand name Delta Connection. One of the five remaining legacy carriers, Delta is the sixth-oldest operating airline by foundation date, and the oldest airline still operating in the United States. Among predecessors of today's Delta Air Lines, Western Airlines and Northwest Airlines began flying passengers in 1926 and 1927, respectively.

Saudia, also known as Saudi Arabian Airlines, is the national carrier airline of Saudi Arabia, based in Jeddah. The airline's main operational base is at King Abdulaziz International Airport in Jeddah, King Khalid International Airport in Riyadh and King Fahd International Airport in Dammam are secondary hubs. The airline is the third largest in the Middle East in terms of revenue, behind Emirates and Qatar Airways. It operates domestic and international scheduled flights to over 85 destinations in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, Europe and North America. Domestic and international charter flights are operated, mostly during the Ramadan and the Hajj season. Saudia is a member of the Arab Air Carriers Organization and joined the SkyTeam airline alliance on 29 May 2012.

China Airlines (CAL) is the national carrier of Taiwan and its largest airline. It is headquartered in Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport and operates over 1400 flights weekly to 102 cities across Asia, Europe, North America and Oceania. Carrying over 19 million passengers and 5700 tons of cargo in 2017, the carrier was the 33rd and 10th largest airline in the world in terms of passenger revenue per kilometer (RPK) and freight RPK, respectively. China Airlines has three airline subsidiaries: China Airlines Cargo, a member of Skyteam Cargo, operates a fleet of freighter aircraft and manages its parent airline's cargo-hold capacity; Mandarin Airlines operates flights to domestic and low-demand regional destinations; Tigerair Taiwan is a low-cost carrier established by China Airlines and Singaporean airline group Tigerair Holdings, but is now wholly owned by China Airlines Group.

Air Canada is the flag carrier and the largest airline of Canada by fleet size and passengers carried. The airline, founded in 1937, provides scheduled and charter air transport for passengers and cargo to 207 destinations worldwide. It is a founding member of the Star Alliance. Air Canada's corporate headquarters are in Montreal, Quebec, while its largest hub is at Toronto Pearson International Airport. The airline's regional service is Air Canada Express.

Singapore Airlines the flag carrier airline of Singapore

Singapore Airlines Limited (SIA) is the flag carrier airline of Singapore with its hub at Singapore Changi Airport. The airline uses the Singapore Girl as its central figure in corporate branding. It is ranked as the world's best airline, since 2018, while winning the top spot in three other categories in the same year including "Best First Class", "Best First Class Airline Seat", and "Best Airline in Asia". In 2018, The airline was placed 18th on the top 50 most admired companies worldwide, first in Asia and the only airline on the list.

Swiss International Air Lines AG, commonly referred to as Swiss, is the national airline of Switzerland, operating scheduled services in Europe and to North America, South America, Africa and Asia. Zurich Airport is its hub, Geneva Airport is a focus city. The airline was formed following the bankruptcy in 2002 of Swissair, Switzerland's then flag carrier. The new airline was built around what had been Swissair's regional subsidiary, Crossair. Swiss retains Crossair's IATA code LX. It assumed Swissair's old ICAO code of SWR, to maintain international traffic rights. It is a member of Star Alliance and a subsidiary of the Lufthansa Group. Its headquarters are at EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg near Basel, Switzerland, and an office at Zurich Airport in Kloten, Switzerland. The company's registered office is in Basel.

Airbus A380 Wide-body double deck aircraft

The Airbus A380 is the world's largest passenger airliner, a wide-body aircraft manufactured by Airbus. Airbus studies started in 1988 and the project was announced in 1990 to challenge the dominance of the Boeing 747 in the long haul market. The A3XX project was presented in 1994; Airbus launched the €9.5 billion ($10.7 billion) A380 programme on 19 December 2000. The first prototype was unveiled in Toulouse on 18 January 2005, with its first flight on 27 April 2005. It obtained its EASA and FAA type certificates on 12 December 2006. Difficulties in electrical wiring caused a two-year delay and the development cost ballooned to €18 billion.

Wide-body aircraft twin-aisle jet airliner classification

A wide-body aircraft, also known as a twin-aisle aircraft, is a jet airliner with a fuselage wide enough to accommodate two passenger aisles with seven or more seats abreast. The typical fuselage diameter is 5 to 6 m. In the typical wide-body economy cabin, passengers are seated seven to ten abreast, allowing a total capacity of 200 to 850 passengers. The largest wide-body aircraft are over 6 m (20 ft) wide, and can accommodate up to eleven passengers abreast in high-density configurations.

Air China flag carrier of the Peoples Republic of China

Air China Limited is the flag carrier and one of the major airlines of the People's Republic of China, with its headquarters in Shunyi District, Beijing. Air China's flight operations are based at Beijing Capital International Airport. In 2017, the airline carried 102 million domestic and international passengers with an average load factor of 81%.

Thai Airways International Public Company Limited, trading as THAI is the flag carrier airline of Thailand. Formed in 1988, the airline has its corporate headquarters in Vibhavadi Rangsit Road, Chatuchak District, Bangkok, and primarily operates from Suvarnabhumi Airport. THAI is a founding member of the Star Alliance. The airline is the second-largest shareholder of the low-cost carrier Nok Air with a 21.80 per cent stake, and it launched a regional carrier under the name Thai Smile in the middle of 2012 using new Airbus A320 aircraft.

Asiana Airlines Inc. is one of South Korea's two major airlines, along with Korean Air. Asiana has its headquarters in Asiana Town building in Seoul. The airline has its domestic hub at Gimpo International Airport and its international hub at Incheon International Airport.

EVA Air Corporation, of which "EVA" stands for Evergreen Airways, is a Taiwanese international airline based at Taoyuan International Airport near Taipei, Taiwan, operating passenger and dedicated cargo services to over 40 international destinations in Asia, Australia, Europe, and North America. EVA Air is largely privately owned and flies a fully international route network. It is a 5-star airline, rated by Skytrax. It is the second largest Taiwanese airline. EVA Air is headquartered in Luzhu, Taoyuan City, Taiwan.

Boeing 747-400 Wide-body airliner, improved production series of the 747

The Boeing 747-400 is an American wide-body jet airliner developed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. Derived from the earlier versions of the Boeing 747, the 747-400 retains the four-engine wide-body layout of its predecessors, whilst incorporating numerous technological and structural changes to produce a more efficient airframe. Its most distinguishing features versus preceding 747 models are 6-foot (1.8 m) winglets mounted on 6-foot (1.8 m) wing tip extensions, which are found on all 747-400s except for Japanese domestic market versions. It is the best-selling model of the Boeing 747 family of jet airliners.

The Singapore Airlines passenger fleet consists of wide-body aircraft from five aircraft families: the Airbus A330, Airbus A350, Airbus A380, Boeing 777 and Boeing 787. The airline also operates Boeing 747-400 cargo aircraft. As of 31 March 2019, there were 124 passenger aircraft and seven freighters registered in the Singapore Airlines fleet.

Emirates SkyCargo is a cargo airline based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. As of 2019, it is the second largest cargo airline worldwide in terms of the total freight tonne-kilometres flown and the largest in terms of international freight tonne-kilometres flown.

Boeing 747-8 Wide-body airliner, current production series of the 747

The Boeing 747-8 is a wide-body jet airliner developed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. It was officially announced in 2005. The 747-8 is the third generation of the 747, with a lengthened fuselage, redesigned wings, new engines, and improved efficiency. The 747-8 is the largest 747 version, the largest commercial aircraft built in the United States, and the longest operational passenger aircraft in the world.

Air transports for heads of state and government are, in many countries, provided by the air force in specially equipped airliners or business jets. One such aircraft in particular has become part of popular culture: Air Force One, used by the President of the United States and operated by the United States Air Force.

The Emirates fleet is composed of two wide-bodied aircraft families, the Airbus A380 and Boeing 777. The airline also has Airbus A330neo, A350 and Boeing 777X aircraft on order.

Four-engined jet aircraft

A four-engined jet, sometimes called a quadjet, is a jet aircraft powered by four engines. The presence of four engines offers increased power and redundancy, allowing such aircraft to be used as airliners, freighters and military aircraft. Many of the first purpose-built jet airliners had four engines, among which stands the De Havilland Comet, the world's first commercial jetliner. In the decades following their introduction, their use has gradually declined due to a variety of factors, including the approval of twin-engine jets to fly further from diversion airports and an increased emphasis on fuel efficiency.

First class (aviation) commercial passenger travel service level in aviation

First class is a travel class on some passenger airliners intended to be more luxurious than business class, premium economy, and economy class. On a passenger jetliner, first class usually refers to a limited number of seats or cabins toward the front of the aircraft which have more space, comfort, service, and privacy. In general, first class is the highest class offered, although some airlines have branded their new products as above first class. Propeller airliners often had first class in the rear, away from the noise of the rotating propeller, while first class on jet aircraft is normally positioned near the front of the aircraft, normally in front of the business class section, or on the top deck for aircraft such as the Boeing 747 and Airbus A380.


  1. "Airline Insight: Korean Air". blueswandaily.com. November 14, 2018. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 "korean air lines co ltd (003490:Korea SE)". businessweek.com. Retrieved September 1, 2014.[ permanent dead link ]
  3. Tatiana Rokou (December 13, 2012). "Seoul voted "Best International Meetings Destination" for 2012". Archived from the original on January 22, 2013.
  4. 1 2 "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International . April 3, 2007. p. 102.
  5. "Korean Air Lines Co., Ltd. History Archived May 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine ". International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 27. St. James Press, 1999.
  6. "World Airline Directory." Flight International . May 16, 1981. 1444.
  7. Yu, Roger (August 26, 2009). "Korean Air upgrades service, image". USA Today . Retrieved September 16, 2009.
  8. "Korean Air slides to second quarter loss but touts 'record high' revenue". ATW Online. August 16, 2010. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
  9. "Navoi Cargo Terminal opens in Uzbekistan; Korean Air to expand cargo network". ATW Online. August 16, 2010. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
  10. Vincent, Roger (September 23, 2014) "Hotel under construction in downtown L.A. will be an InterContinental" Los Angeles Times
  11. Hovet, Jason; Hepher, Tim (April 10, 2013). "Korean Air finalises investment in loss-making Czech Airlines". Reuters . Retrieved August 4, 2015.
  12. "일반현황 / 기업개요". Korean Air. Retrieved September 9, 2010. "주소: 서울 특별시 강서구 공항동 1370번지 대현항공 빌딩"
  13. "Who We Are - Korean Air". www.koreanair.com. Retrieved June 14, 2016.
  14. "Why Nearly Half of Asiana Passengers Were Chinese." The Wall Street Journal . July 7, 2013. Retrieved on July 19, 2013.
  15. "Korean Air codeshare partners". Korean Air. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  16. "Profile Korean Air". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on October 29, 2016. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
  17. "Korean Air / Aurora begins codeshare partnership from July 2018". Routesonline. July 12, 2018.
  18. "Delta and Korean Air to expand partnership". Delta Air Lines. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
  19. Hawaiian Airlines (March 22, 2011). "Hawaiian Airlines, Korean Air Team Up On Frequent Flyer Benefits". Hawaiian Airlines. Retrieved April 25, 2017.
  20. "Korean Air expands LATAM codeshare to Brasil in Nov 2018". Routesonline. November 29, 2018.
  21. "Korean Air signs interline deal with Flybe". Breaking Travel News. 23 March 2019.
  22. "JetBlue and Korean Air Announce New Interline Agreement to Connect Customers Between Asia and North America". PR Newswire. 28 February 2012.
  23. "Korean Air Lines Fleet Details and History". planespotters.net. December 30, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
  24. "Korean Air fleet and seat maps". Korean Air. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
  25. "Business Jet Services". Korean Air. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  26. 1 2 "Program Status Report - C Series aircraft" (PDF). Bombardier Aerospace. March 31, 2018. Retrieved May 31, 2018.
  27. "Korean Air becomes the third operator of the Bombardier CS300". World Airline News. December 22, 2017.
  28. "Korean Air set for maiden CS300, to begin ops in early 1Q18".
  29. "Korean Air finalises order for 30 A321neo" (Press release). Airbus. November 6, 2015.
  30. "Boeing, Korean Air Announce Airline's Intent to Purchase 30 737 MAXs" (Press release). Boeing. June 16, 2015.
  31. "Korean Air Joins Boeing 787 Family with up to 20-Airplane Order". Boeing. April 11, 2005.
  32. "Boeing Delivers Korean Air's First 787-9 Dreamliner". February 22, 2017. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
  33. Ghim-Lay Yeo. "Korean Air converts 10 787-8s to -9s". Singapore: Flight International . Archived from the original on March 21, 2011. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  34. "Korean Air business jet fleets". Korean Air.
  35. Greg Waldron (October 18, 2016). "Korean Air expands business jet charter unit". FlightGlobal.
  36. "Korean Air adds maiden Gulfstream G650ER". Ch-Aviation. August 3, 2016.
  37. "Korean Air Lines Fleet Details and History". planespotters.net. June 26, 2018.
  38. "Korean Air Mulling 'Large' Widebody Jet Order for Expansion". Bloomberg. 19 October 2018.
  39. "Korean Air introduces premium seats" (in Korean).
  40. "Absolut Celestial Bar on Korean Air A380 aircraft". Contrast Magazine. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  41. "Lancome Opening Duty-Free Shops on Korean Air's A380 Airplanes". Racked.com. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  42. "Korean Air Aerospace Division (KAA)". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
  43. Carrier moonlights in aerospace. Los Angeles Times. (February 18, 2007).
  44. Korean Air Aerospace Division Official Website Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine . Kal-asd.com.
  45. Choi, Kyong-Ae (October 8, 2012). "South Korea Consortium in Talks With Bombardier About Developing Passenger Plane". Wall Street Journal . Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  46. See Malcolm Gladwell, Outliers (2008), pp. 177–223 for a discussion of this turnaround in airline safety. Gladwell notes (p. 180) that the hull-loss rate for the airline was 4.79 per million departures, a full 17 times greater than United Airlines which at the same time had a loss rate of just 0.27 per million departures.
  47. Stanley, Bruce (2006-01-09). "Korean Air Bucks Tradition To Fix Problems". www.wsj.com. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  48. Kirk, Don (March 26, 2002). "New Standards Mean Korean Air Is Coming Off Many 'Shun' Lists". The New York Times . Retrieved September 23, 2009.
  49. Pasick, Adam (December 9, 2014). "Nepotism in a Nutshell". The Atlantic . Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  50. "Ex-Korean Air Executive Arrested Over 'Nut Rage' Incident". NPR.org. December 30, 2014. Retrieved April 24, 2015.