List of airline holding companies

Last updated

This is a list of airline holding companies, that either own more than one airline or are the parent company of a single airline.

Contents

A company or firm in which the holding company owns a significant portion of voting shares, usually 20–50% or a "minority of share ownership", is known as an associate company. A company in which the holding company owns more than 50% voting shares or a "majority of share ownership" is known as a subsidiary. The holding company thus can also be referred to as the parent company at that stage.

To create the world's largest carrier, American Airlines and US Airways merged on 9 December 2013, with the frequent flier programs combined on 7 January 2014, [1] and the airline codeshare beginning February 2014 using the American flight number. [2]

Africa

EgyptAir Holding Company
EgyptAirEgyptAir CargoEgyptAir Express
Ethiopian Airlines Group
Ethiopian AirlinesMalawi Airlines (49%) [3] ASKY (40%) [4]
Kenya Airways Holding Company [5]
Majority holdings:
Kenya AirwaysJambojetKenya Airways CargoKencargo Airlines International
Minority holdings:
Precision Air - 41.23% shareholding
South African Airline Holdings Limited
South African AirwaysSouth African ExpressMango

Asia; Central, Far East, South, and Southwest

Air China Group
Majority holdings:
Air ChinaAir China CargoAir MacauAmecoTibet AirlinesDalian AirlinesShandong AirlinesShenzhen Airlines
Minority holdings (by Air China):
Cathay Pacific (30%)
ANA Holdings
Majority holdings:
Air Japan
Air Nippon
All Nippon Airways
Peach
Vanilla Air
Minority holdings:
Philippine Airlines (9.5%)
China Airlines Group
China AirlinesMandarin AirlinesTigerair Taiwan
China Southern Air Holding
China Southern AirlinesChongqing AirlinesXiamenAirSichuan Airlines
Decor Aviation
Air Pegasus
The Emirates Group
EmiratesEmirates SkyCargo • Emirates Executive• FlyDubai
Etihad Airways
Majority holdings:
Etihad Airways (100%)
Minority holdings:
Alitalia (49%) • Air Serbia (49%) • Air Seychelles (40%) • Virgin Australia (24%)
Evergreen Group
Eva AirUni Air
Hanjin Group
Korean AirJin Air
HNA Group
Air Chang'anChina Xinhua AirlinesHainan AirlinesShanxi AirlinesBeijing Capital AirlinesFuzhou AirlinesGrand China AirGX AirlinesHong Kong AirlinesLucky AirTianjin AirlinesUrumqi AirWest AirSuparna AirlinesAfrica World AirlinesAzul Brazilian AirlinesComairMyCargo AirlinesVirgin Australia
InterGlobe Enterprises
IndiGo
Jagson Group
Jagson Airlines
Japan Airlines Corporation
Japan AirlinesJ-AirJapan Air Commuter
Kumho Asiana Group
Asiana AirlinesAir Busan (49%) • Air Seoul
LEPL Group
Air Costa
NANSHAN Group
Qingdao AirlinesVirgin Australia
Air India Limited
Air IndiaAir India ExpressAir India Regional
Qatar Airways Group
Majority holdings:
Qatar Airways • Qatar Airways Cargo
Minority holdings:
IAG (Aer LingusBritish AirwaysIberia Airlines) (21%) • Cathay Pacific (10%) • LATAM (10%) • China Southern Airlines (5%)
Swire Pacific
Tata Sons
Vistara (51%)
AirAsia India (49%)
Wadia Group
GoAir

Australasia, and Southeast Asia

AirAsia Group [6]

Coming soon:

Garuda Indonesia Group
Garuda IndonesiaCitilink
Lion Air Group
Lion AirBatik AirWings AirMalindo AirThai Lion Air
Sriwijaya Air Group
Sriwijaya AirNAM Air
PAL Holdings
Philippine AirlinesPAL Express
Malaysia Aviation Group [8]
Qantas Group [9]
Singapore Airlines [10]

Coming soon: Scoot Indosin

Vietnam Airlines [11]
Virgin Australia Holdings
CPAir Holdings [12]

Europe

Air France-KLM [13]
Air Greenland
Minority holdings:
Norlandair (25%)
Deutsche Post World Net
Aero Express Del EcuadorDHL Aero ExpresoDHL Air UKDHL de GuatemalaEuropean Air TransportSNAS/DHL
Fastjet
Fastjet TanzaniaFastjet Zimbabwe
Icelandair Group
Bluebird CargoIcelandairLoftleiðir IcelandicSmartLynx Airlines
International Airlines Group [14]
Lufthansa Group
Majority holdings:
Air DolomitiAustrian AirlinesBrussels AirlinesEurowingsLufthansa Airlines, Lufthansa Cargo, Lufthansa CityLineSwiss International Air LinesEdelweiss AirSunExpress (50% with Turkish Airlines)
Ryanair Holdings
RyanairRyanair UKRyanair SunLaudamotion
SAS Group
Majority holdings:
Scandinavian Airlines
Minority holdings:
Air Greenland (37.5%)
Smartwings
Czech Airlines (98%) • SmartwingsSmartwings HungarySmartwings PolandSmartwings Slovakia
TAP Group
PortugáliaPGA ExpressTAP Portugal
TUI Group, TUI Travel
TUI fly Netherlands - TUI fly Deutschland - Corsair International - TUI fly Belgium - TUI Airways - TUIfly Nordic
Turkish Airlines
Air Albania (49.1%) • AnadoluJetSunExpress (50% with Lufthansa)
Virgin Group
Majority holdings:

Virgin Atlantic (51%)

Minority holdings:
AirAsia X (20%) • Virgin Australia Holdings (8%)

North America

ACE Aviation Holdings
Majority holdings:
Air Canada
Air Transport Services Group
ABX AirAir Transport InternationalCapital Cargo International Airlines
Alaska Air Group
Alaska AirlinesHorizon AirVirgin America
American Airlines Group
Majority holdings:
American AirlinesEnvoy AirPiedmont AirlinesPSA Airlines
Minority holdings:
Mesa Air Group (10%) • Mesa AirlinesChina Southern Airlines (2.76%) [15]
Atlas Air Worldwide Holdings
Majority holdings:
Atlas Air (100%) • Polar Air Cargo (51%)
Minority holdings:
Global Supply Systems (49%)
Grupo Aeromexico
AeroMéxicoAeroMéxico Connect
Copa Holdings
AeroRepúblicaCopa Airlines
Delta Air Lines
Delta Air LinesEndeavor Air
Minority holdings:
Air France–KLM (9%) • China Eastern Airlines Corp. (3.6%) • Grupo Aeromexico (36.20%) • Korean Air (4.3%) [16] LATAM Airlines Group (20%) [17] Virgin Atlantic (49%)
Hawaiian Holdings
Hawaiian Airlines • 'Ohana by Hawaiian
Hoth
Era Alaska - Era AviationEra Alaska - Frontier AlaskaArctic Circle Air
Indigo Partners
Frontier Airlines
MatlinPatterson Global Advisors
Majority holdings:
Major former airline holdings:
Arrow AirGlobal Aero Logistics ATA AirlinesGlobal Aviation Holdings North American AirlinesGlobal Aviation Holdings World Airways
Minority former airline holdings:
VarigVarigLogistica
Pacific Air Holdings
Pacific WingsGeorgiaSkiesKentuckySkiesNew Mexico AirlinesTennesseeSkies
Republic Airways Holdings
Republic Airlines
Former airline holdings:
Chautauqua Airlines  : • Frontier Airlines  : • Midwest AirlinesShuttle America
Saltchuk Resources
Aloha Air CargoNorthern Air Cargo
SkyWest, Inc.
SkyWest Airlines
Southwest Airlines Co
Southwest Airlines
Trans States Holdings
GoJet Airlines
United Airlines Holdings
United Airlines
WestJet
WestJetWestJet EncoreWestJet destinations

South and Central America

Synergy Aerospace Corp. [18]
Majority holdings:
• (66%) AviancaTaca Holding S.A. - Avianca S.A.TACA International Airlines S.A.
• (100%) Avianca S.A. - SAM S.A.Tampa CargoVarigLogOceanAirVIP S.A.AeroGalCapital AirlinesHelicol S.A.TurbServ
Kingsland Holding
Minority holdings:
• (34%) AviancaTaca Holding S.A. - Avianca S.A.TACA International Airlines S.A. Volaris (25%)
• (100%) TACA International Airlines S.A. - TACA RegionalLACSAAeroman
LATAM Airlines Group
Majority holdings:
LAN ArgentinaLAN CargoLAN ChileLAN EcuadorLAN ExpressLAN PerúLAN Colombia
ABSA Cargo AirlineLANCOMasAirTAM Linhas Aéreas S.ATAM AirlinesTAM Paraguay

Notes

  1. "American Airlines & US Airways integration begins today". Travel Codex. 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2019-05-05.
  2. Edward Russell (9 December 2013). "American and US Airways close merger". flightglobal.
  3. "Ethiopian Airlines buys 49pc Stake in Air Malawi airlines partner". The Herald. 17 July 2013. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  4. Monks, Kieron (31 August 2017). "Ethiopian Airlines plot takeover of Nigeria's flagship fleet". CNN. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  5. Kenya Airways 2013 Annual Report
  6. AirAsia Group (2020-03-31). "Corporate Structure" . Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  7. AirAsia X (2019-03-31). "Corporate Structure" . Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  8. Malaysia Aviation Group. "Who we are and what we do" . Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  9. Qantas Group. "Subsidiary companies" . Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  10. Singapore Airlines (2019-06-28), Annual Report FY2018/19 (PDF), retrieved 2020-05-01
  11. Vietnam Airlines, Annual Report 2018 (PDF)
  12. Cebu Pacific (2016-06-30). "Shareholdings Structure" . Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  13. Air France-KLM Group, Universal Registration Document 2019 (PDF)
  14. International Airlines Group, Annual Report and Accounts 2019 (PDF)
  15. "China Southern eyes world domination and puts Oneworld plans aside". South China Morning Post. 2019-06-23. Retrieved 2019-06-28.
  16. Horton, Will. "Delta Invests In Korean Air To Defend Their JV And The Cho Dynasty". Forbes. Retrieved 2019-06-28.
  17. "AVIAN: Stock Quote - Aerovias del Continente Americano SA". Bloomberg. Retrieved 5 November 2014.

Related Research Articles

Avianca S.A. is a Colombian airline. It has been the flag carrier of Colombia since 5 December 1919, when it was initially registered under the name SCADTA. It is headquartered in Bogotá, D.C. with its main hub at El Dorado International Airport. Avianca is the flagship of a group of eight Latin American airlines, whose operations are combined to function as one airline using a codesharing system. Avianca is the largest airline in Colombia and second largest in Latin America, after LATAM of Chile. Avianca and its subsidiaries have the most extensive network of destinations in Latin America. Prior to the merger with TACA in 2010, it was wholly owned by Synergy Group S.A., a South American holding company established by Germán Efromovich and specialising in air transport. It is listed on the Colombia Stock Exchange.

Cargo airline

Cargo airlines are airlines mainly dedicated to the transport of cargo by air. Some cargo airlines are divisions or subsidiaries of larger passenger airlines. In 2018, airline cargo traffic represented 262,333 million tonne-kilometres with a 49.3% load factor: 52.1% for dedicated cargo operations, and 47.9% within mixed operations.

Airline alliance Cooperation agreement between two or more airlines

An airline alliance is an aviation industry arrangement between two or more airlines agreeing to cooperate on a substantial level. Alliances may provide marketing branding to facilitate travelers making inter-airline codeshare connections within countries. This branding may involve unified aircraft liveries of member aircraft.

Swiss International Air Lines AG, commonly referred to as Swiss or Swiss Air Lines, is the flag carrier of Switzerland, operating scheduled services in Europe and to North America, South America, Africa and Asia. Zurich Airport serves as its sole hub and Geneva Airport as a focus city. The airline was formed following the bankruptcy in 2002 of Swissair, Switzerland's then flag carrier. The new airline was built around what had been Swissair's regional subsidiary, Crossair. Swiss retains Crossair's IATA code LX. It assumed Swissair's old ICAO code of SWR, to maintain international traffic rights. It is a member of Star Alliance and a subsidiary of the Lufthansa Group. Its headquarters are at EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg near Basel, Switzerland, and an office at Zurich Airport in Kloten, Switzerland. The company's registered office is in Basel.

Air France–KLM S.A., also known as Air France–KLM Group, is a Franco-Dutch airline holding company incorporated under French law with its headquarters at Charles de Gaulle Airport in Tremblay-en-France, near Paris. The group has offices in Montreuil, Seine-Saint-Denis, Paris, and in Amstelveen, Netherlands. Air France–KLM is the result of the merger in 2004 between Air France and KLM. Both Air France and KLM are members of the SkyTeam airline alliance. The company's namesake airlines rely on two major hubs, Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol respectively. Air France–KLM Airlines transported 87.3 million passengers in 2014.

Combi aircraft

Combi aircraft in commercial aviation are aircraft that can be used to carry either passengers as an airliner, or cargo as a freighter, and may have a partition in the aircraft cabin to allow both uses at the same time in a mixed passenger/freight combination. The name combi comes from the word combination, and is derived from the famous Volkswagen Type 2 van, often called the "Kombi" van, specifically the Kombinationskraftwagen variant, with side windows and removable rear seats, which both a passenger and a cargo vehicle combined.

Synergy Group Corp. is a South American conglomerate created and owned by Germán Efromovich, an entrepreneur holding multiple citizenship of Brazil, Colombia and Poland. The group is headquartered in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It operates several airlines in South America, among which are Avianca Holdings, with a 66.66% stake, and is active in the exploration of oil and natural gas throughout the region. Additionally, it operates hydroelectric power plants, participates in the construction of telecommunications infrastructure, shipbuilding and technical inspections, radiochemistry, radiopharmaceuticals, agriculture and hospitality.

Aviapartner, whose origins date back to 1949 under the name of Herfurth Air Services to become 'Belgavia' in the late 1960s, is a Belgian company that provides aircraft ground handling services at 37 airports in Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and The Netherlands. Among the airports served are Amsterdam, Brussels, Milan, Düsseldorf, Rome, Nice, Toulouse and Málaga.

Inflight magazine

An inflight magazine is a free magazine distributed via the seats of an airplane by an airline company or in an airport lounge.

Avianca Ecuador S.A. is an airline based in Quito, Ecuador. It operates passenger and cargo flights within Ecuador, between the mainland and the Galápagos Islands, and between Ecuador and Colombia. It is one of the seven nationally branded airlines in the Avianca Holdings group of Latin American airlines.

Airlines for Europe

Airlines for Europe (A4E) is the largest EU airline association, representing 70% of European air traffic.

References