1994 FIFA World Cup qualification

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1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
Tournament details
Dates21 March 1992 – 17 November 1993
Teams147 (from 6 confederations)
Tournament statistics
Matches played497
Goals scored1,446 (2.91 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Japan.svg Kazuyoshi Miura (13 goals)
1990
1998

The 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification was a series of tournaments organised by the six FIFA confederations. The 1994 FIFA World Cup featured 24 teams with one place reserved for the host nation, United States, and one place for the defending champions, Germany. The remaining 22 places were determined by a qualification process, in which 147 teams, from the six FIFA confederations, competed. Most of the successful teams were determined within these confederations, with a limited number of inter-confederation play-offs occurring at the end of the process.

Contents

Thirteen teams withdrew: Liechtenstein, Cuba, Gambia, Burkina Faso, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Uganda, Myanmar and Western Samoa, and three team were excluded: Yugoslavia and Libya due to UN sanctions, and Chile for the El Maracanazo cheating incident during 1990 qualification.

A total of 130 teams played at least one qualifying match. A total of 497 qualifying matches were played, and 1446 goals were scored (an average of 2.91 per match). [1]

The first qualification match, between Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, was played on 21 March 1992, and the Puerto Rican forward Marcos Lugris scored the first goal in qualification. [2] Qualification ended on 17 November 1993, when European qualification ended and the OFC–CONMEBOL play-off match was played. Eighteen of FIFA's twenty-four top-ranked countries eventually qualified. [3]

Qualified teams

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Country qualified for World Cup
Country failed to qualify
Country did not enter World Cup
Country not a FIFA member 1994 world cup qualification.png
  Country qualified for World Cup
  Country failed to qualify
  Country did not enter World Cup
  Country not a FIFA member

[4] [5]

TeamMethod of

qualification

Date of

qualification

Finals

appearance

Consecutive

appearances

Previous best

performance

FIFA Ranking [lower-alpha 1]
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Hosts4 July 19885th2Third place (1930)27
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Defending champions8 July 199013th [lower-alpha 2] 11Winners (1954, 1974, 1990) [lower-alpha 3] 3
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico CONCACAF Final Round Winners9 May 199310th1 (Last: 1986)Quarter-finals (1970, 1986)17
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece UEFA Group 5 Winners23 May 19931st132
Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Russia UEFA Group 5 Runners-up2 June 19938th [lower-alpha 4] 4Fourth place (1966)14
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia CONMEBOL Group A Winners5 September 19933rd2Round of 16 (1990)21
Flag of Bolivia (state).svg  Bolivia CONMEBOL Group B Runners-up19 September 19933rd1 (Last: 1950)Group stage (1930, 1950)59
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil CONMEBOL Group B Winners19 September 199315th15Winners (1958, 1962, 1970)4
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria CAF Final Round Group A Winners8 October 19931st116
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon CAF Final Round Group C Winners10 October 19933rd2Quarter-finals (1990)24
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco CAF Final Round Group B Winners10 October 19933rd1 (Last: 1986)Round of 16 (1986)30
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway UEFA Group 2 Winners13 October 19932nd1 (Last: 1938)Round of 16 (1938)5
Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea AFC Final Round Runners-up28 October 19934th3Group stage (1954, 1986, 1990)39
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia AFC Final Round Winners28 October 19931st138
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden UEFA Group 6 Winners10 November 19939th2Runners-up (1958)11
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium UEFA Group 4 Runners-up17 November 19939th4Fourth place (1986)22
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria UEFA Group 6 Runners-up17 November 19936th1 (Last: 1986)Round of 16 (1986)23
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy UEFA Group 1 Winners17 November 199313th9Winners (1934, 1938, 1982)1
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands UEFA Group 2 Runners-up17 November 19936th2Runners-up (1974, 1978)2
Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland UEFA Group 3 Runners-up17 November 19932nd2Quarter finals (1990)13
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania UEFA Group 4 Winners17 November 19936th2Round of 16 (1934, 1938, 1990)12
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain UEFA Group 3 Winners17 November 19939th5Fourth place (1950)7
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland UEFA Group 1 Runners-up17 November 19937th1 (Last: 1966)Quarter-finals (1934, 1938, 1954)9
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Inter-confederation play-off Winners17 November 199311th6Winners (1978, 1986)9
  1. The rankings are shown as of 19 November 1993. These are the rankings used for the final draw. [6]
  2. This is the 3rd appearance of Germany at the FIFA World Cup. However FIFA considers West Germany's results as Germany's.
  3. Germany's best result is third place in 1934. However FIFA considers West Germany's results as Germany's.
  4. This is the 1st appearance of Russia at the FIFA World Cup. However FIFA considers Russia as the successor team of the USSR.

6 of the 24 teams subsequently failed to qualify for the 1998 finals: Bolivia, Greece, Ireland, Russia, Sweden and Switzerland.

Qualification process

Madison Square Garden in New York City hosted the qualification draw Madisonsquaregarden.jpg
Madison Square Garden in New York City hosted the qualification draw

The draw was made in New York on 8 December 1991 at Madison Square Garden. [7]

For the first time, three teams qualified from the African zone, because of its performance in the previous tournament. The 24 spots available in the 1994 World Cup were distributed among the continental zones as follows:

UEFA, AFC and CAF have a guaranteed number of places, whereas the number of qualifiers from other confederations is dependent on play-offs between OFC's first-placed team and CONCACAF's second-placed team and the winner of this fixture against CONMEBOL's fourth-placed team.

After the first round of 1994 FIFA World Cup finals, the percentage of teams from each confederation that passed through to the round of 16 was as follows: [8]

Summary of qualification

FIFAmembers.png
ConfederationTeams startedTeams that secured qualificationTeams that were eliminatedTotal places in finalsQualifying start dateQualifying end date
AFC 2922728 April 199328 October 1993
CAF 4033739 October 199210 October 1993
CONCACAF 22+11+1211+121 March 199215 August 1993
CONMEBOL 945418 July 199317 November 1993
OFC 70707 June 199217 November 1993
UEFA [lower-alpha 1] 38+112+12612+122 April 199217 November 1993
Total145+222+212322+221 March 199217 November 1993
  1. Israel did not become a full member of UEFA until 1994, but competed in European qualification in the run-up to membership.

Tiebreakers

For FIFA World Cup qualifying stages using a league format, the method used for separating teams level on points is the same for all Confederations. If teams are even on points at the end of group play, the tied teams will be ranked by:

  1. goal difference in all group matches
  2. greater number of goals scored in all group matches

For FIFA World Cup qualifying stages using a home-and-away knockout format, the team that has the higher aggregate score over the two legs progresses to the next round. In the event that aggregate scores finish level, the away goals rule is applied, i.e. the team that scored more goals away from home over the two legs progresses. If away goals are also equal, then thirty minutes of extra time are played, divided into two fifteen-minutes halves. The away goals rule is again applied after extra time, i.e. if there are goals scored during extra time and the aggregate score is still level, the visiting team qualifies by virtue of more away goals scored. If no goals are scored during extra time, the tie is decided by penalty shoot-out.

Confederation qualification

AFC

Qualification for AFC teams consisted of two rounds. Round one saw the teams divided into 6 groups, each team playing the others in their group twice. The winner of each group then went into a final group where they played each other once.

The qualification process began with 29 national teams vying for two spots. Saudi Arabia and Korea Republic qualified. [1]

Legend
Countries that directly qualified for the 1994 World Cup

Final positions (Final Round)

RankTeamPldPts
1Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 57
2Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea 56
3Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan 56
4Flag of Iraq (1991-2004).svg  Iraq 55
5Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 54
6Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea 52

CAF

Qualification for CAF teams also consisted of two rounds. Round one saw the teams divided into 9 groups, each team playing the others in their group twice. The winners of these groups then went into three final groups where they played each other twice.

The qualification process began with 40 national teams vying for three spots. Nigeria, Morocco and Cameroon qualified. [1]

Legend
Countries that directly qualified for the 1994 World Cup

Final positions (Final Round)

Group A
TeamPldPts
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 45
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast 45
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 42
Group B
TeamPldPts
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 46
Flag of Zambia (1964-1996).svg  Zambia 45
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 41
Group C
TeamPldPts
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 46
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 44
Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea 42

CONCACAF

There were three rounds of play for CONCACAF teams. Mexico and Canada received byes and advanced to the second round directly. The remaining teams were divided into Caribbean and Central American zones. In the Caribbean zone, 14 teams played in knockout matches on a home-and-away basis to determine three winners advancing to the second round. In the Central American zone, the six teams were paired up to play knockout matches on a home-and-away basis. The winners advanced to the second round.

In the second round, the eight teams were divided into two groups of four teams each. They played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winners and runners-up advanced to the final round.

In the final round, the four teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winner qualified. The runner-up advanced to the CONCACAF–OFC intercontinental play-off. Mexico took the guaranteed spot and Canada qualified for the play-off. [1]

Legend
Countries that directly qualified for the 1994 World Cup
Countries that advanced to the CONCACAF–OFC play-off

Final positions (Final Round)

RankTeamPldPts
1Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 610
2Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 67
3Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 64
4Flag of Honduras (darker variant).svg  Honduras 63

CONMEBOL

Nine CONMEBOL teams entered the competition (Chile was banned by FIFA due to the 1989 Maracanazo incident). The nine teams were divided into two groups. The teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. Group A had one guaranteed place and one play-off spot, while Group B had two spots for the finals. Colombia, Brazil and Bolivia qualified automatically and Argentina qualified for the play-off. [1]

Legend
Countries that directly qualified for the 1994 World Cup
Countries that advanced to the CONCACAF/OFC–CONMEBOL play-off

Final positions (Group Stage)

Group A
TeamPldPts
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 610
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 67
Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay 66
Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 61
Group B
TeamPldPts
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 812
Flag of Bolivia (state).svg  Bolivia 811
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 810
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 85
Flag of Venezuela (1930-1954).svg  Venezuela 82

OFC

Qualification for OFC teams consisted of two rounds. Seven teams entered initially and were divided into two groups, but Western Samoa withdrew. The two group winners then played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The winner advanced to the CONCACAF–OFC intercontinental play-off. Australia won the tie and advanced. [1]

Second Round

Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
New Zealand  Flag of New Zealand.svg0–4Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 0–1 0–3

UEFA

38 were initially involved in UEFA qualifying, but Liechtenstein withdrew and Yugoslavia was suspended.

The thirty-six teams were divided into six groups: one group of five teams, four groups of six teams each, and one group of seven teams. The teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winners and runners-up qualified.

Italy, Switzerland, Norway, Netherlands, Spain, Ireland, Romania, Belgium, Greece, Russia, Sweden, and Bulgaria all qualified. [1]

Legend
Countries that directly qualified for the 1994 World Cup

Final positions (Group Stage)

Group 1 Group 2 Group 3
PosTeamPldPts
1Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1016
2Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 1015
3Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 1014
4Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 1011
5Flag of Malta.svg  Malta 103
6Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia 101
Source: [ citation needed ]
PosTeamPldPts
1Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 1016
2Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1015
3Flag of England.svg  England 1013
4Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 108
5Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 107
6Flag of San Marino (1862-2011).svg  San Marino 101
Source: [ citation needed ]
PosTeamPldPts
1Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1219
2Flag of Ireland.svg  Republic of Ireland 1218
3Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 1218
4Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland 1213
5Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 127
6Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 125
7Flag of Albania.svg  Albania 124
Source: [ citation needed ]
Group 4 Group 5 Group 6
PosTeamPldPts
1Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 1015
2Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 1015
3Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Representation of Czechs and Slovaks 1013
4Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales 1012
5Flag of Cyprus (1960-2006).svg  Cyprus 105
6Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands 100
Source: [ citation needed ]
PosTeamPldPts
1Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 814
2Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Russia 812
3Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland 88
4Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 85
5Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg 81
Source: [ citation needed ]
PosTeamPldPts
1Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1015
2Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 1014
3Flag of France.svg  France 1013
4Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 108
5Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 105
6Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 105
Source: [ citation needed ]

Inter-confederation play-offs

For the first time ever, there were two rounds of play in the inter-confederation play-offs. The teams from CONCACAF and OFC first played each other on a home-and-away basis. The winner then played against the team from CONMEBOL on a home-and-away basis. The winner qualified.

CONCACAF v OFC

Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
Canada  Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg3–3 (1–4 p)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 2–1 1–2 (a.e.t.)

OFC v CONMEBOL

Team 1 Agg. Team 21st leg2nd leg
Australia  Flag of Australia (converted).svg1–2Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 1–1 0–1

Top goalscorers

13 goals
9 goals
8 goals

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References

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