1986 FIFA World Cup

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1986 FIFA World Cup
Copa Mundial de Fútbol México '86
1986 FIFA World Cup.svg
1986 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host countryMexico
Dates31 May – 29 June (30 days)
Teams24 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)12 (in 11 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Argentina.svg  Argentina (2nd title)
Runners-upFlag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Third placeFlag of France.svg  France
Fourth placeFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Tournament statistics
Matches played52
Goals scored132 (2.54 per match)
Attendance2,394,031 (46,039 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of England.svg Gary Lineker (6 goals)
Best player(s) Flag of Argentina.svg Diego Maradona
Best young player Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Enzo Scifo
Fair play awardFlag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
1982
1990

The 1986 FIFA World Cup, the 13th FIFA World Cup, was held in Mexico from 31 May to 29 June 1986. The tournament was the second to feature a 24-team format. With European nations not allowed to host after the previous World Cup in Spain, Colombia had been originally chosen to host the competition by FIFA but, largely due to economic reasons, was not able to do so and officially resigned in 1982. Mexico was selected as the new host in May 1983, thus becoming the first country to host the World Cup more than once. This was the third FIFA World Cup tournament in succession that was hosted by a Spanish-speaking country, after Argentina 1978, and Spain 1982.

FIFA World Cup association football competition for mens national teams

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.

Mexico country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Contents

It was won by Argentina (their second title, after winning in 1978). Argentina was captained by the 25-year old Diego Maradona, who played a large part in his team's success. Maradona scored the "Hand of God" goal, as well as another voted "Goal of the Century", in the same quarter-final against England. These were two of the five goals that Maradona scored during the tournament, and he also created another five for his teammates. [1] Argentina beat West Germany 3–2 in the final at Mexico City's Estadio Azteca. Total attendance was 2,394,031, an average per match of 46,039. [2] Canada, Denmark and Iraq made their first appearances at the final stage.

Argentina national football team Mens national association football team representing Argentina

The Argentina national football team represents Argentina in football and is controlled by the Argentine Football Association (AFA), the governing body for football in Argentina. Argentina's home stadium is Estadio Monumental Antonio Vespucio Liberti in Buenos Aires.

1978 FIFA World Cup 1978 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1978 FIFA World Cup, the 11th staging of the FIFA World Cup, quadrennial international football world championship tournament, was held in Argentina between 1 and 25 June.

Diego Maradona Argentine association football player

Diego Armando Maradona is an Argentine retired professional footballer and current manager of Mexican second division club Dorados. Many in the sport, including football writers, players, and fans, regard him as greatest football player of all time. He was joint FIFA Player of the 20th Century with Pelé. Maradona's vision, passing, ball control and dribbling skills was combined with his small stature, giving him a low center of gravity which allowed him to maneuver better than most other football players; he would often dribble past multiple opposing players on a run. His presence and leadership on the field had a great effect on his team's general performance, while he would often be singled out by the opposition. A precocious talent, Maradona was given the nickname "El Pibe de Oro", a name that stuck with him throughout his career.

The format of the competition changed from 1982. The final pair of matches in each group started at the same time [3] and the second round was played on a knock-out basis rather than groups. The 24 teams qualified were divided into six groups of four (A to F). The top two teams and the four best third-place finishers from the six groups advanced to the knockout round of 16 teams. Italy were the defending champions, but were eliminated by France in the Round of 16.

1982 FIFA World Cup 1982 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1982 FIFA World Cup was the 12th FIFA World Cup, played in Spain between 13 June and 11 July 1982. The tournament was won by Italy, who defeated West Germany 3–1 in the final match, held in the Spanish capital of Madrid. It was Italy's third World Cup win, but their first since 1938. The defending champions, Argentina, were eliminated in the second group round. Algeria, Cameroon, Honduras, Kuwait and New Zealand made their first appearances in the finals.

Italy national football team mens national association football team representing Italy

The Italy national football team has officially represented Italy in association football since their first match in 1910. The squad is under the global jurisdiction of FIFA and is governed in Europe by UEFA—the latter of which was co-founded by the Italian team's supervising body, the Italian Football Federation (FIGC). Italy's home matches are played at various stadiums throughout Italy, and their primary training ground is located at the FIGC headquarters in Coverciano, Florence.

France national football team mens national association football team representing France

The France national football team represents France in international football and is controlled by the French Football Federation, also known as FFF, or in French: Fédération française de football. The team's colours are blue, white and red, and the coq gaulois its symbol. France are colloquially known as Les Bleus. The French side are the reigning World Cup holders, having won the 2018 FIFA World Cup on 15 July 2018.

The 1986 World Cup saw the appearance of an audience phenomenon dubbed the Mexican wave, which was popularised worldwide after featuring during the tournament. [4] [5] [6]

Host selection

Pique, the official mascot of the 1986 FIFA World Cup 1986 FIFA World Cup official Mascot.png
Pique, the official mascot of the 1986 FIFA World Cup

Colombia was originally chosen as hosts by FIFA in June 1974. However, the Colombian authorities eventually declared on 5 November 1982 that they could not afford to host the World Cup under the terms that FIFA demanded because of economic concerns. [7] Mexico was selected on 20 May 1983 as the replacement hosts, beating the bids of Canada and the United States (who eventually hosted the 1994 World Cup), and thereby became the first nation to host two World Cups. This second World Cup in Mexico came 16 years after the first one in 1970. A severe earthquake in September 1985, eight months before the tournament, cast doubt over Mexico's ability to organize the event, but the stadia were not affected and it was decided to go ahead with the preparations.

Colombia Country in South America

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America. Colombia shares a border to the northwest with Panama, to the east with Venezuela and Brazil and to the south with Ecuador and Peru. It shares its maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic. Colombia is a unitary, constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments, with the capital in Bogota.

1994 FIFA World Cup 1994 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1994 FIFA World Cup was the 15th FIFA World Cup, held in nine cities across the United States from 17 June to 17 July 1994. The United States was chosen as the host by FIFA on 4 July 1988. Despite the host nation's lack of football tradition, the tournament was the most financially successful in World Cup history; aided by the high-capacity stadia in the United States, it broke the World Cup average attendance record with more than 69,000 spectators per game, a mark that still stands. The total attendance of nearly 3.6 million for the final tournament remains the highest in World Cup history, despite the expansion of the competition from 24 to 32 teams, which was first introduced at the 1998 World Cup and is the current format.

1970 FIFA World Cup 1970 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1970 FIFA World Cup was the ninth FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football championship for men's national teams. Held from 31 May to 21 June in Mexico, it was the first World Cup tournament staged in North America, and the first held outside Europe and South America. Teams representing 75 nations from all six populated continents entered the competition, and its qualification rounds began in May 1968. Fourteen teams qualified from this process to join host nation Mexico and defending champions England in the 16-team final tournament. El Salvador, Israel and Morocco made their first appearances at the final stage.

As 1986 had been declared the International Year of Peace by the United Nations, the advertising boards of all the stadia displayed the FIFA and United Nations logos along with the legend "Football for Peace – Peace Year".

United Nations Intergovernmental organization

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.

For the design of the logo an unofficial motto was adopted: "El Mundo Unido por Un Balón" ("The World United by a Ball").

Mascot

The official mascot of the 1986 World Cup was Pique, a jalapeño pepper, characteristic of Mexican cuisine, with a moustache, a Colimote sombrero, and Mexican football team colours. Its name comes from picante, Spanish for spicy, and was also a pun on the "PK" abbreviation of the football term penalty kick.

The character caused a degree of controversy within Mexico for its ethnic stereotypes. [8]

Qualification

Three teams qualified for the World Cup for the first time: Canada, Denmark and Iraq. Canada clinched its spot after winning the final match against Honduras 2–1 in St. John's, Newfoundland. Iraq played all their home matches on neutral ground because of the Iran–Iraq War. South Korea qualified for the first time since 1954, Paraguay for the first time since 1958, Portugal for the first time since 1966 and Bulgaria and Uruguay for the first time since 1974. As of 2018, this was the last time that Hungary, Canada, Iraq and Northern Ireland qualified for the finals. In addition, this was the last time that the United States did not qualify for the finals until the 2018 tournament.

List of qualified teams

The following 24 teams qualified for the final tournament.

Venues

Eleven cities hosted the tournament. The Azteca Stadium in Mexico City, the largest stadium used for the tournament, hosted nine matches (including the final), more than any other stadium used. Mexico City hosted 13 total matches; the Olimpico Universitario Stadium hosted four matches (if the Mexico City suburban town Nezahualcoyotl's 3 matches are included, this brings the total up to 16 matches; nearly a third of all matches in this tournament). Guadalajara, Mexico's second largest city hosted 10 total matches (the Jalisco Stadium hosted seven matches, the Tres de Marzo Stadium in Zapopan hosted three), Monterrey hosted 8 matches (The Tecnologico Stadium and the Universitario Stadium in San Nicolas de los Garza hosted four matches each), and the Cuauhtémoc Stadium in Puebla hosted 5 matches.

The hot, humid and rainy summer weather in Mexico varied from humid desert locations like Monterrey to tropical locations such as Guadalajara; but perhaps the greatest hardship the players had to contend with was the high altitude of the Mexican locations. With the exception of the 93-104 °F (34-40 °C) temperatures of Monterrey (still 2,000 feet above sea level), all of the stadia were located in cities that varied anywhere from Guadalajara being 5,138 feet (1,566 m) above sea level to Toluca being 8,730 feet (2,660 m) above sea level, making conditions very difficult for the players running around in these stadia- but the higher the cities, the less intense the heat. Mexico City, the location of the final match and the location where the most matches were played was 7,380 feet (2,250 m) above sea level and the weather there was not as hot as in other cities used in this World Cup.

Mexico City Guadalajara Puebla
Estadio Azteca Estadio Olímpico Universitario Estadio Jalisco Estadio Cuauhtémoc
Capacity: 114,600Capacity: 72,212Capacity: 66,193Capacity: 46,416
Estadio Azteca1706p2.jpg Estadio Olimpico Universitario 2.jpeg Estadio jalisco.jpg Estadio Cuauhtemoc, Puebla.jpg
San Nicolás de los Garza
Mexico States blank map.svg
Black pog.svg
2
Red pog.svg
9
Red pog.svg
7
Black pog.svg
1
Black pog.svg
6
Red pog.svg
8
Black pog.svg
3
Red pog.svg
5
Red pog.svg
4
Black pog.svg
11
Red pog.svg
10

1. Mexico City, 2. Guadalajara, 3. Puebla, 4. San Nicolás de los Garza,
5. Querétaro, 6. Monterrey, 7. León, 8. Nezahualcóyotl, 9. Irapuato,
10. Zapopan, 11. Toluca.

Querétaro
Estadio Universitario Estadio La Corregidora
Capacity: 43,780Capacity: 38,576
Estadio Universitario Concachampions.jpg Estadio la Corregidora.JPG
Nezahualcoyotl Monterrey
Estadio Neza 86 Estadio Tecnológico
Capacity: 34,536Capacity: 33,805
EntranceEstadioNeza86.JPG ITESM Estadio Tecnologico.jpg
Toluca Irapuato León Zapopan
Estadio Nemesio Díez Estadio Sergio León Chávez Estadio Nou Camp Estadio Tres de Marzo
Capacity: 32,612Capacity: 31,336Capacity: 30,531Capacity: 30,015
B4GameTolChivas.JPG Estadio SLC Irapuato.jpg EstadioLeon.jpg Tecos stadium.jpg

All of these venues except Monterrey were located in central Mexico, as this tournament was organized with the then-standard way of keeping teams playing in locations in close proximity to each other. Group A only played at the Olimpico and in Puebla (except for the Bulgaria-Italy opening tournament match, which was played in the Azteca), Group B only played at the Azteca and in Toluca (hosts Mexico were part of this group; they played all their group stage matches at the Azteca), Group C played in León and Irapuato, Group D only played in Guadalajara (including the Guadalajara area town of Zapopan; the last match of this group was played in Monterrey), Group E exclusively played in Querétaro and Nezahualcóyotl, and Group F played in the northern city of Monterrey (including the Monterrey area town of San Nicolas de los Garza; the last match of this group was played in Guadalajara). All of the venues listed hosted knockout round matches except the ones in Nezahualcoyotl, Irapuato, Zapopan, Toluca and the Estadio Tecnologico in Monterrey.

StadiumMatchesTeams hosted in the first round
Estadio AztecaOpening match, Group B,
R2, QF, SF, Final
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Estadio Olímpico UniversitarioGroup A, R2Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina , Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria , Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea
Estadio JaliscoGroup D, R2, QF, SFFlag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
Estadio CuauhtémocGroup A, R2, QF,
Third-place match
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Estadio UniversitarioGroup F, R2, QFFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Estadio La CorregidoraGroup E, R2Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Estadio TecnológicoGroup FFlag of England.svg  England , Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal *, Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco *
Estadio Nou CampGroup C, R2Flag of France.svg  France
Estadio Neza 86Group EFlag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay , Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark , Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland
Estadio Sergio León ChávezGroup CFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union , Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary , Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Estadio Tres de MarzoGroup DFlag of Spain.svg  Spain *, Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland , Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria *
Estadio Nemesio DíezGroup BFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium , Flag of Paraguay (1954-1988).svg  Paraguay , Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg  Iraq

Match officials

Squads

For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1986 FIFA World Cup squads .

Seeding

Pot 1Pot 2Pot 3Pot 4

Summary

Map of results
Champion
Runner-up
Third place
Fourth place
Quarter-finals
Round of 16
Group stage 1986 world cup.png
Map of results

First round

The first round of the finals began in Group A, where Italy were held 1–1 by Bulgaria. Meanwhile, Argentina beat South Korea 3–1, with Diego Maradona playing a major part. Italy and Argentina drew 1–1, Maradona and Alessandro Altobelli scoring. South Korea and Bulgaria also drew 1–1 in a downpour. The final set of matches saw Argentina beating Bulgaria 2–0, and Italy narrowly defeating South Korea 3–2.

In Group B Mexico beat Belgium 2–1, and despite being held 1–1 by Paraguay, they won the group after a further win over Iraq, 1–0. Paraguay and Belgium also progressed after both beating Iraq and drawing with each other.

Group C pitted a strong Soviet Union side against the reigning European champions France. They drew with each other 1–1, with a goal scored by Vasyl Rats. France beat Canada 1–0 and finished in 2nd place in the group after beating Hungary, 3–0. Hungary had earlier lost 6–0 against the Soviet Union, which won the group due to goal difference.

Group D saw Brazil start against Spain, winning 1–0 after the referee failed to validate a legal goal scored by Míchel. Northern Ireland began their campaign with a draw against Algeria. Northern Ireland were then narrowly beaten by Spain before losing to Brazil 3–0 in their final match. This match saw a goal from Josimar on his debut and was also the final time Pat Jennings played for Northern Ireland. Spain qualified along with Brazil after defeating Algeria 3–0.

Denmark stormed through Group E, dubbed the group of death, with a 100 per cent record. They beat Scotland 1–0 in their first game, then hammered Uruguay 6–1, with Preben Elkjær Larsen hitting a hat-trick. Denmark beat one of the favourites to win the tournament, West Germany, 2–0 thanks to a Jesper Olsen penalty and a goal from John Eriksen. After losing to Denmark, Scotland took the lead against West Germany thanks to a Gordon Strachan goal, but the West Germans fought back to win 2–1. After a violent 0–0 draw against Uruguay, the Scots were eliminated from the tournament. During that game José Batista of Uruguay was sent off after less than one minute of play for a foul on Strachan, a World Cup record that still stands. West Germany went through to the second round despite a loss against Denmark.

Morocco topped Group F after holding both Poland and England to goalless draws, and beating Portugal 3–1. By doing so, they became the first African team, and only the second nation from outside Europe and the Americas (after North Korea in 1966), to reach the second round. England lost 1–0 to Portugal, followed by a 0–0 draw against Morocco in which they lost captain Bryan Robson to injury (for the remainder of the tournament) and vice-captain Ray Wilkins to a red card (he was never to be selected for England again, even after having served his obligatory one-match ban). In their last first-round game, with the captaincy taken over by Peter Shilton in goal, a first-half Gary Lineker hat-trick helped the reshaped side beat Poland 3–0 – although losing yet another player to a ban for the next round, Terry Fenwick receiving his second booking of the tournament. Poland had previously beaten Portugal, and in the end the Portuguese were the only team from Group F to be eliminated in the first round. Portugal, making their first appearance in 20 years, went on strike (in the Saltillo Affair) during the competition. Players refused to train between their first and second games (against England and Poland) and were eliminated after a loss to Morocco in the final group match.

Second round and quarter-finals

Belgium beat the Soviet Union 4–3, despite a hat-trick by the Soviets' Igor Belanov. The game was level at 2–2 after 90 minutes, and in extra time Stephane Demol and Nico Claesen put Belgium 4–2 up. Belanov scored from the penalty spot with nine minutes remaining, but neither he nor any of his teammates could find a fourth goal for the Soviet Union. At the Olympic University Stadium in Mexico City, the European champions France ended Italy's reign as world champions with a 2–0 victory thanks to goals from Michel Platini and Yannick Stopyra. In the rematch of the 1930 FIFA World Cup Final, Argentina just edged out South American champions Uruguay in Puebla thanks to a 42nd-minute strike from Pedro Pasculli. The all-South American affair had a Diego Maradona's goal disallowed.

In Querétaro, Denmark were eliminated as they went from a 1–0 lead to a 5–1 battering against Spain; key player Frank Arnesen was suspended for the game after being sent off against West Germany in their last group match, for taking a swipe at German playmaker Lothar Matthäus. The Danes scored first, with a Jesper Olsen penalty, but they were then taken apart by a devastating performance from Butragueño of Spain, who scored four of his team's five goals. At the Azteca Stadium in Mexico City, England progressed to the quarter-finals comfortably when they saw off Paraguay 3–0, while Brazil brushed aside Poland 4–0. West Germany had a much harder time getting past Morocco, for whom goalkeeper Badou Zaki had an outstanding game. Morocco held out until the 87th minute, when Lothar Matthäus scored the only goal of the match with a free kick. Mexico won 2–0 against Bulgaria with an outstanding scissor-kick goal by Manuel Negrete which is honored by a remembrance plaque at the Azteca.

In the quarter-finals, France faced three-time world champion Brazil in Guadalajara. Brazil were well on top in the early stages, and Careca put them one up after 18 minutes. Five minutes before half-time, France drew level when Michel Platini scored his 41st goal after converting a cross from Dominique Rocheteau. Brazil had a chance to regain the lead in the second half when Branco was fouled by French keeper Joël Bats in the penalty area. Zico got up to take the kick, but Bats saved Zico's penalty.

The match went to extra time, and France finished slightly the stronger of the two sides. No more goals were scored, and so it was time for a penalty shoot-out. Socrates, who had earlier missed an open goal and headed an easy chance straight into the French keeper's arms, failed with the first kick for Brazil. The next six penalties were all converted, and then Platini fired over the bar. Brazil were back on level terms – but not for long. Julio Cesar struck the post with his penalty, and Luis Fernández then scored to put France through 4–3 on penalties.

Two other quarter-finals were also decided on penalties. Jan Ceulemans put Belgium ahead against Spain in the 35th minute, but Spanish substitute Señor equalised with five minutes to go. No more goals were scored in extra time, and Belgium won the shoot-out 5–4. West Germany and Mexico drew 0–0 after extra time, and the West Germans eliminated the hosts 4–1 on penalties. As a curiosity, the German goalkeeper Harald Schumacher jumped to the right in the three Mexican penalties (stopping two of them).

The quarter-final between Argentina and England at the Azteca featured two very different goals in the second half by Diego Maradona: the first was scored illegally, as he punched the ball into the goal past England goalkeeper Peter Shilton. The referee did not see the handball and the goal was given as valid. After the game, Maradona claimed the goal was scored "A bit with the head of Maradona and another bit with the hand of God"; it became known as the "Hand of God" goal. For his second goal, voted "Goal of the Century" in 2002 on the FIFA website, Maradona dribbled half the length of the field past five English players before scoring. With 20 minutes to go, the introduction of John Barnes as a substitute changed the tide of play in England's favour, as he pinged cross after cross into the Argentine penalty area: with 9 minutes to go, Lineker got on the end of one and scored, then almost repeated the dose six minutes later but was just unable to reach the ball thanks to a timely block by Olarticoechea: 2–1 to Argentina was the final score. In Argentina, the game was seen as revenge for the Falklands War. [9]

Semi-finals, third-place match, and final

In the first semi-final match, Andreas Brehme put West Germany 1–0 ahead against France in the ninth minute in Guadalajara, but the outcome remained in doubt until two minutes from time when Rudi Völler made it 2–0, and West Germany were in the final for the second World Cup in succession. In the second semi-final match, Maradona struck twice in the second half as Argentina beat Belgium 2–0 at the Azteca. France went on to defeat Belgium in the third-place match, 4–2.

So it was to be the South American Argentina vs the European West Germany at the final at the Azteca, the second time this massive stadium would host a World Cup Final (the first in 1970). Jose Brown put Argentina one up midway through the first half of the final, and when Jorge Valdano scored a second for the South Americans in the 55th minute, Argentina looked to be strolling to victory. West Germany then staged a spirited comeback. Karl-Heinz Rummenigge pulled one back in the 74th minute, and six minutes later Rudi Völler hit the equaliser. With seven minutes remaining, a pass from Maradona gave Jorge Burruchaga the chance to score the winner for Argentina. Eight years on from their home triumph, Argentina regained the world title and 30 million people in Argentina celebrated in the streets after the final victory. Maradona was the Golden Ball winner as the best player of the tournament, while Gary Lineker of England won the Golden Boot as the leading scorer of the World Cup with six goals.

Results

All times are Central Standard Time (UTC−6)

Group stage

Key to colours in group tables
Group winners, runners-up, and best four third-placed teams advance to the Round of 16

Group A

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 321062+45Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 312054+14
3Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria 30212422
4Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea 30124731
Source: FIFA

,

South Korea made their first appearance since 1954. They managed to score their first goal (against Argentina) and their first draw (against Bulgaria).

31 May 1986
Bulgaria  Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg 1–1 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Estadio Azteca, Mexico City
2 June 1986
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 3–1 Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea Estadio Olímpico Universitario, Mexico City
5 June 1986
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 1–1 Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Estadio Cuauhtémoc, Puebla
South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg 1–1 Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria Estadio Olímpico Universitario, Mexico City
10 June 1986
South Korea  Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg 2–3 Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Estadio Cuauhtémoc, Puebla
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 2–0 Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria Estadio Olímpico Universitario, Mexico City

Group B

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico (H)321042+25Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Paraguay (1954-1988).svg  Paraguay 312043+14
3Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 31115503
4Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg  Iraq 30031430
Source: FIFA
(H) Host.
3 June 1986
Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 1–2 Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Estadio Azteca, Mexico City
4 June 1986
Paraguay  Flag of Paraguay (1954-1988).svg 1–0 Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg  Iraq Estadio Nemesio Díez, Toluca
7 June 1986
Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 1–1 Flag of Paraguay (1954-1988).svg  Paraguay Estadio Azteca, Mexico City
8 June 1986
Iraq  Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg 1–2 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Estadio Nemesio Díez, Toluca
11 June 1986
Paraguay  Flag of Paraguay (1954-1988).svg 2–2 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Estadio Nemesio Díez, Toluca
Iraq  Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg 0–1 Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Estadio Azteca, Mexico City

Group C

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 321091+85Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of France.svg  France 321051+45
3Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 31022972
4Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 30030550
Source: FIFA
1 June 1986
Canada  Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg 0–1 Flag of France.svg  France Estadio Nou Camp, León
2 June 1986
Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 6–0 Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Estadio Sergio León Chavez, Irapuato
5 June 1986
France  Flag of France.svg 1–1 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Estadio Nou Camp, León
6 June 1986
Hungary  Flag of Hungary.svg 2–0 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Estadio Sergio León Chavez, Irapuato
9 June 1986
Hungary  Flag of Hungary.svg 0–3 Flag of France.svg  France Estadio Nou Camp, León
Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 2–0 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Estadio Sergio León Chavez, Irapuato

Group D

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 330050+56Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 320152+34
3Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland 30122641
4Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 30121541
Source: FIFA
1 June 1986
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 0–1 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil Estadio Jalisco, Guadalajara
3 June 1986
Algeria  Flag of Algeria.svg 1–1 Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland Estadio Tres de Marzo, Zapopan
6 June 1986
Brazil  Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg 1–0 Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria Estadio Jalisco, Guadalajara
7 June 1986
Northern Ireland  Ulster Banner.svg 1–2 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Estadio Tres de Marzo, Zapopan
12 June 1986
Northern Ireland  Ulster Banner.svg 0–3 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil Estadio Jalisco, Guadalajara
Algeria  Flag of Algeria.svg 0–3 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Estadio Tecnológico, Monterrey

Group E

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 330091+86Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 31113413
3Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 30212752
4Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 30121321
Source: FIFA
4 June 1986
Uruguay  Flag of Uruguay.svg 1–1 Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany Estadio La Corregidora, Querétaro
Scotland  Flag of Scotland.svg 0–1 Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Estadio Neza 86, Nezahualcóyotl
8 June 1986
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 2–1 Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Estadio La Corregidora, Querétaro
Denmark  Flag of Denmark.svg 6–1 Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Estadio Neza 86, Nezahualcóyotl
13 June 1986
Denmark  Flag of Denmark.svg 2–0 Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany Estadio La Corregidora, Querétaro
Scotland  Flag of Scotland.svg 0–0 Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Estadio Neza 86, Nezahualcóyotl

Group F

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 312031+24Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of England.svg  England 311131+23
3Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 31111323
4Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 31022422
Source: FIFA
2 June 1986
Morocco  Flag of Morocco.svg 0–0 Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Estadio Universitario, San Nicolás de los Garza
3 June 1986
Portugal  Flag of Portugal.svg 1–0 Flag of England.svg  England Estadio Tecnológico, Monterrey
6 June 1986
England  Flag of England.svg 0–0 Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Estadio Tecnológico, Monterrey
7 June 1986
Poland  Flag of Poland.svg 1–0 Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Estadio Universitario, San Nicolás de los Garza
11 June 1986
England  Flag of England.svg 3–0 Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Estadio Universitario, San Nicolás de los Garza
Portugal  Flag of Portugal.svg 1–3 Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Estadio Tres de Marzo, Zapopan

Ranking of third-placed teams

PosGrpTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1 B Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 31115503Advance to knockout stage
2 F Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 31111323
3 A Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria 30212422
4 E Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 30212752
5 C Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 31022972
6 D Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland 30122641
Source: FIFA

Starting with the 1994 World Cup, teams were awarded three points for a win rather than two, to encourage more offensive tactics. Had those rules been in place, Hungary would have finished ahead of Bulgaria for the 15th seed, and Uruguay would have been eliminated. The top four teams qualified for the knockout stage.

Knockout stage

Belgium finished in 4th place, their best finish in the World Cup until 2018, where they finished third. Argentina beat West Germany for the first time and won their second World Cup.

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
16 June – Puebla
 
 
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 1
 
22 June – Mexico City (Azteca)
 
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 0
 
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 2
 
18 June – Mexico City (Azteca)
 
Flag of England.svg  England 1
 
Flag of England.svg  England 3
 
25 June – Mexico City (Azteca)
 
Flag of Paraguay (1954-1988).svg  Paraguay 0
 
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 2
 
18 June – Querétaro
 
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 0
 
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 1
 
22 June – Puebla
 
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 5
 
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1 (4)
 
15 June – León
 
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium (pen.)1 (5)
 
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 3
 
29 June – Mexico City (Azteca)
 
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium (aet)4
 
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 3
 
16 June – Guadalajara
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 2
 
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 4
 
21 June – Guadalajara
 
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 0
 
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 1 (3)
 
17 June – Mexico City (Olímpico)
 
Flag of France.svg  France (pen.)1 (4)
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 0
 
25 June – Guadalajara
 
Flag of France.svg  France 2
 
Flag of France.svg  France 0
 
17 June – San Nicolás de los Garza
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 2Third place
 
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 0
 
21 June – San Nicolás de los Garza28 June – Puebla
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 1
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany (pen.)0 (4)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 2
 
15 June – Mexico City (Azteca)
 
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 0 (1) Flag of France.svg  France (aet)4
 
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 2
 
 
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria 0
 

Round of 16

Mexico  Flag of Mexico.svg 2–0 Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria
Negrete Soccerball shade.svg 34'
Servín Soccerball shade.svg 61'
Report
Attendance: 114,580

Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 3–4 (a.e.t.)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Belanov Soccerball shade.svg 27', 70', 111' (pen.) Report Scifo Soccerball shade.svg 56'
Ceulemans Soccerball shade.svg 77'
Demol Soccerball shade.svg 102'
Claesen Soccerball shade.svg 110'
Attendance: 32,277

Brazil  Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg 4–0 Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Sócrates Soccerball shade.svg 30' (pen.)
Josimar Soccerball shade.svg 55'
Edinho Soccerball shade.svg 79'
Careca Soccerball shade.svg 83' (pen.)
Report
Attendance: 45,000

Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 1–0 Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay
Pasculli Soccerball shade.svg 42' Report
Attendance: 26,000
Referee: Luigi Agnolin (Italy)

Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 0–2 Flag of France.svg  France
Report Platini Soccerball shade.svg 15'
Stopyra Soccerball shade.svg 57'


England  Flag of England.svg 3–0 Flag of Paraguay (1954-1988).svg  Paraguay
Lineker Soccerball shade.svg 31', 73'
Beardsley Soccerball shade.svg 56'
Report
Attendance: 98,728

Denmark  Flag of Denmark.svg 1–5 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
J. Olsen Soccerball shade.svg 33' (pen.) Report Butragueño Soccerball shade.svg 43', 56', 80', 88' (pen.)
Goikoetxea Soccerball shade.svg 68' (pen.)

Quarter-finals



Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 2–1 Flag of England.svg  England
Maradona Soccerball shade.svg 51', 55' Report Lineker Soccerball shade.svg 81'
Attendance: 114,580


Semi-finals

France  Flag of France.svg 0–2 Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Report Brehme Soccerball shade.svg 9'
Völler Soccerball shade.svg 89'
Attendance: 45,000
Referee: Luigi Agnolin (Italy)

Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 2–0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Maradona Soccerball shade.svg 51', 63' Report

Third place play-off

Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 2–4 (a.e.t.)Flag of France.svg  France
Ceulemans Soccerball shade.svg 11'
Claesen Soccerball shade.svg 73'
Report Ferreri Soccerball shade.svg 27'
Papin Soccerball shade.svg 43'
Genghini Soccerball shade.svg 104'
Amoros Soccerball shade.svg 111' (pen.)
Attendance: 21,000

Final

Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 3–2 Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Brown Soccerball shade.svg 23'
Valdano Soccerball shade.svg 55'
Burruchaga Soccerball shade.svg 83'
Report Rummenigge Soccerball shade.svg 74'
Völler Soccerball shade.svg 80'
Attendance: 114,600

Awards

Source: [10]

Golden Boot Golden Ball Best Young Player FIFA Fair Play Trophy
Flag of England.svg Gary Lineker Flag of Argentina.svg Diego Maradona Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Enzo Scifo Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil

Goalscorers

Gary Lineker received the Golden Boot for scoring six goals. In total, 132 goals were scored by 82 players, with two of them credited as own goals.

6 goals [11]
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Red cards

Eight players received a red card during the tournament:

FIFA retrospective ranking

In 1986, FIFA published a report that ranked all teams in each World Cup up to and including 1986, based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition. [19] [20] The rankings for the 1986 tournament were as follows:

RTeamGPWDLGFGAGDPts.
1Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina A 7610145+913
2Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany E 732287+18
3Flag of France.svg  France C 7421126+610
4Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium B 72231215−36
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil D 5410101+99
6Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico B 532062+48
7Flag of Spain.svg  Spain D 5311114+77
8Flag of England.svg  England F 521273+45
Eliminated in the round of 16
9Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark E 4301106+46
10Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union C 4211125+75
11Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco F 412132+14
12Flag of Italy.svg  Italy A 412156−14
13Flag of Paraguay (1954-1988).svg  Paraguay B 412146−24
14Flag of Poland.svg  Poland F 411217−63
15Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria A 402226−42
16Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay E 402228−62
Eliminated in the group stage
17Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal F 310224−22
18Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary C 310229−72
19Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland E 301213−21
20Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea A 301247−31
21Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland D 301226−41
22Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria D 301215−41
23Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg  Iraq B 300314−30
24Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada C 300305−50

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