Italy national football team

Last updated

Italy
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Nickname(s) Gli Azzurri (The Blues)
La Nazionale (The National Team)
Association Italian Football Federation
(Federazione Italiana Giuoco Calcio – FIGC)
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Head coach Roberto Mancini
Captain Giorgio Chiellini
Most caps Gianluigi Buffon (176)
Top scorer Luigi Riva (35)
Home stadiumVarious
FIFA code ITA
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First colours
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Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 17 Increase2.svg 1 (4 April 2019) [1]
Highest1 (November 1993,February 2007,April–June 2007,September 2007)
Lowest21 (August 2018)
Elo ranking
Current 14 Decrease2.svg 2 (27 March 2019) [2]
Highest1 (June 1934 – March 1940,December 1940 – November 1945,July–August 2006)
Lowest21 (November 1959)
First international
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy 6–2 France  Flag of France (1794-1815, 1830-1958).svg
(Milan, Italy; 15 May 1910)
Biggest win
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 9–0 United States  Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg
(Brentford, England; 2 August 1948)
Biggest defeat
Flag of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946).svg  Hungary 7–1 Italy  Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg
(Budapest, Hungary; 6 April 1924)
World Cup
Appearances18 (first in 1934 )
Best resultChampions (1934, 1938, 1982, 2006)
European Championship
Appearances9 (first in 1968 )
Best resultChampions (1968)
Confederations Cup
Appearances2 (first in 2009 )
Best resultThird place (2013)

The Italy national football team (Italian : Nazionale di calcio dell'Italia) has officially represented Italy in association football since their first match in 1910. The squad is under the global jurisdiction of FIFA and is governed in Europe by UEFA—the latter of which was co-founded by the Italian team's supervising body, the Italian Football Federation (FIGC). Italy's home matches are played at various stadiums throughout Italy, and their primary training ground is located at the FIGC headquarters in Coverciano, Florence.

Italian language Romance language

Italian is a Romance language of the Indo-European language family. Italian, together with Sardinian, is by most measures the closest language to Vulgar Latin of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy, Switzerland, San Marino and Vatican City. It has an official minority status in western Istria. It formerly had official status in Albania, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro (Kotor) and Greece, and is generally understood in Corsica and Savoie. It also used to be an official language in the former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa, where it plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia. In spite of not existing any Italian community in their respective national territories and of not being spoken at any level, Italian is included de jure, but not de facto, between the recognized minority languages of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Romania. Many speakers of Italian are native bilinguals of both standardized Italian and other regional languages.

Italy republic in Southern Europe

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Contents

Italy is one of the most successful national teams in the history of the World Cup, having won four titles (1934, 1938, 1982, 2006) and appearing in two other finals (1970, 1994), reaching a third place (1990) and a fourth place (1978). In 1938, they became the first team to defend their World Cup title, and due to the outbreak of World War II, retained the title for a further 12 years. Italy had also previously won two Central European International Cups (1927–30, 1933–35). Between its first two World Cup victories, Italy won the Olympic football tournament (1936). After the majority of the team was killed in a plane crash in 1949, the team did not advance past the group stage of the following two World Cup tournaments, and also failed to qualify for the 1958 edition—failure to qualify for the World Cup would not happen again until the 2018 edition. Italy returned to form by 1968, winning a European Championship (1968), and after a period of alternating unsuccessful qualification rounds in Europe, later appeared in two other finals (2000, 2012). Italy's highest finish at the FIFA Confederations Cup was in 2013, where the squad achieved a third-place finish.

FIFA World Cup association football competition for mens national teams

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.

1934 FIFA World Cup 1934 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1934 FIFA World Cup was the second FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams. It took place in Italy from 27 May to 10 June 1934.

1938 FIFA World Cup 1938 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1938 FIFA World Cup was the third staging of the World Cup, and was held in France from 4 to 19 June 1938. Italy retained the championship by beating Hungary 4–2 in the final. Italy's 1934 and 1938 teams became the only ones to have won two World Cups under the same coach, Vittorio Pozzo.

The team is known as gli Azzurri (the Blues). Blue is the traditional colour of the national teams representing Italy and it comes from the border colour of the royal House of Savoy crest used on the flag of the Kingdom of Italy. The national team is also known for its long-standing rivalries with other top footballing nations, such as those with Brazil, France, Germany and Spain. In the FIFA World Ranking, in force since August 1993, Italy has occupied the first place several times, in November 1993 and during 2007 (February, April-June, September), with its worst placement in August 2018 in 21st place.

House of Savoy noble family

The House of Savoy is a royal family that was established in 1003 in the historical Savoy region. Through gradual expansion, the family grew in power from ruling a small county in the Alps north-west of Italy to absolute rule of the kingdom of Sicily in 1713 to 1720. Through its junior branch, the House of Savoy-Carignano, it led the unification of Italy in 1861 and ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 until 1946 and, briefly, the Kingdom of Spain in the 19th century. The Savoyard kings of Italy were Victor Emmanuel II, Umberto I, Victor Emmanuel III, and Umberto II. The last monarch ruled for a few weeks before being deposed following the Constitutional Referendum of 1946, after which the Italian Republic was proclaimed.

Kingdom of Italy kingdom on the Appenine Peninsula between 1861 and 1946

The Kingdom of Italy was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when civil discontent led a constitutional referendum to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic. The state was founded as a result of the unification of Italy under the influence of the Kingdom of Sardinia, which can be considered its legal predecessor state.

Brazil–Italy football rivalry Wikimedia list article

The Brazil–Italy football rivalry, also known as the Clásico Mundial in Spanish or the World Derby in English, is a football rivalry between the national football teams of Brazil and Italy, two of the most successful football nations in the world, having achieved nine World Cups between the two countries. They have played against each other five times in the World Cup. Most notably, the 1970 World Cup Final and the 1994 World Cup final in which Brazil won 4–1, and 3–2 on penalties after a goalless draw, respectively, as well as the semifinals of the 1938 World Cup and the final second group stage match of the 1982 World Cup won 3–2 by Italy. They have also met at two FIFA Confederations Cups as well as the 1976 U.S.A. Bicentennial Cup Tournament and the 1997 Tournoi de France.

History

1910–1938: Origins and first two World Cups

The squad celebrating its first FIFA World Cup in 1934. Italy celebrating 1934.jpg
The squad celebrating its first FIFA World Cup in 1934.

The team's first match was held in Milan on 15 May 1910. Italy defeated France by a score of 6–2, with Italy's first goal scored by Pietro Lana. [3] [4] [5] The Italian team played with a (2–3–5) system and consisted of: De Simoni; Varisco, Calì; Trerè, Fossati, Capello; Debernardi, Rizzi, Cevenini I, Lana, Boiocchi. First captain of the team was Francesco Calì. [6]

Milan Italian city

Milan is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,372,810 while its metropolitan city has a population of 3,245,308. Its continuously built-up urban area has a population estimated to be about 5,270,000 over 1,891 square kilometres. The wider Milan metropolitan area, known as Greater Milan, is a polycentric metropolitan region that extends over central Lombardy and eastern Piedmont and which counts an estimated total population of 7.5 million, making it by far the largest metropolitan area in Italy and the 54th largest in the world. Milan served as capital of the Western Roman Empire from 286 to 402 and the Duchy of Milan during the medieval period and early modern age.

France national football team mens national association football team representing France

The France national football team represents France in international football and is controlled by the French Football Federation, also known as FFF, or in French: Fédération française de football. The team's colours are blue, white and red, and the coq gaulois its symbol. France are colloquially known as Les Bleus. The French side are the reigning World Cup holders, having won the 2018 FIFA World Cup on 15 July 2018.

Pietro "Piero" Lana was an Italian professional footballer, who played as a striker. In 1910, he scored the first ever goal of the Italy national football team.

The first success in an official tournament came with the bronze medal in 1928 Summer Olympics, held in Amsterdam. After losing the semi-final against Uruguay, an 11–3 victory against Egypt secured third place in the competition. In the 1927–30 and 1933–35 Central European International Cup, Italy achieved the first place out of five Central European teams, topping the group with 11 points in both editions of the tournament. [7] [8] Italy would also later win the gold medal at the 1936 Summer Olympics with a 2–1 victory in extra time in the gold medal match over Austria on 15 August 1936. [9]

Football at the 1928 Summer Olympics 1928 edition of the association football torunament during the Olympic Summer Games

Football was one of the tournament at the 1928 Summer Olympics. It was won by Uruguay against Argentina, and was the last Olympic football tournament before the inception of the FIFA World Cup, which was held for the first time in 1930.

Amsterdam Capital city of the Netherlands and municipality

Amsterdam is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Netherlands. Its status as the capital is mandated by the Constitution of the Netherlands, although it is not the seat of the government, which is The Hague. Amsterdam has a population of 854,047 within the city proper, 1,357,675 in the urban area and 2,410,960 in the metropolitan area. The city is located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country but is not its capital, which is Haarlem. The Amsterdam metropolitan area comprises much of the northern part of the Randstad, one of the larger conurbations in Europe, which has a population of approximately 8.1 million.

Uruguay national football team mens national association football team representing Uruguay

The Uruguay national football team represents Uruguay in international association football and is controlled by the Uruguayan Football Association, the governing body for football in Uruguay. The current head coach is Óscar Tabárez. The Uruguayan team is commonly referred to as La Celeste . They have won the Copa América 15 times, the most successful national team in the tournament, the most recent title being the 2011 edition. The team has won the FIFA World Cup twice, including the first World Cup in 1930 as hosts, defeating Argentina 4–2 in the final. They won their second title in 1950, upsetting host Brazil 2–1 in the final match, which received an attendance higher than any football match ever.

After declining to participate in the first World Cup (1930, in Uruguay) the Italian national team won two consecutive editions of the tournament in 1934 and 1938, under the direction of coach Vittorio Pozzo and the performance of Giuseppe Meazza, who is considered one of the best Italian football players of all time by some. [10] [11] Italy hosted the 1934 World Cup, and played their first ever World Cup match in a 7–1 win over the United States in Rome. Italy defeated Czechoslovakia 2–1 in extra time in the final in Rome, with goals by Raimundo Orsi and Angelo Schiavio to achieve their first World cup title in 1934. They achieved their second title in 1938 in a 4–2 defeat of Hungary, with two goals by Gino Colaussi and two goals by Silvio Piola in the World Cup that followed. Rumour has it, before the 1938 finals fascist Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini was to have sent a telegram to the team, saying "Vincere o morire!" (literally translated as "Win or die!"). However, no record remains of such a telegram, and World Cup player Pietro Rava said, when interviewed, "No, no, no, that's not true. He sent a telegram wishing us well, but no never 'win or die'." [12]

1930 FIFA World Cup 1930 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1930 FIFA World Cup was the inaugural FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams. It took place in Uruguay from 13 to 30 July 1930. FIFA, football's international governing body, selected Uruguay as host nation, as the country would be celebrating the centenary of its first constitution, and the Uruguay national football team had successfully retained their football title at the 1928 Summer Olympics. All matches were played in the Uruguayan capital, Montevideo, the majority at the Estadio Centenario, which was built for the tournament.

Vittorio Pozzo Italian footballer and manager

Vittorio Pozzo was an Italian football manager, player and journalist.

Giuseppe Meazza Italian association football player and manager

Giuseppe "Peppino" Meazza, also known as il Balilla, was an Italian football manager and player. Throughout his career, he played mainly for Internazionale in the 1930s, scoring 242 goals in 365 games for the club, and winning three Serie A titles, as well as the Coppa Italia; he later also played for local rivals Milan, as well as Turin rivals Juventus, in addition to his spells with Varese and Atalanta. At international level, he led Italy to win two consecutive World Cups: in 1934 on home soil, and in 1938 as captain; he was named to the All-star Team and won the Golden Ball Award at the 1934 World Cup, as the tournament's best player. Along with Giovanni Ferrari and Eraldo Monzeglio, he is one of only three Italian players to have won two World Cups. Following his retirement, he served as a coach for the Italy national team, and with several Italian clubs, including his former club sides Inter and Atalanta, as well as Pro Patria, and Turkish club Beşiktaş; he was Italy's head coach at the 1952 Summer Olympics.

1946–1966: Post-World War II

The Italian national team in 1965 Italy Team - Rome, 1965.jpg
The Italian national team in 1965

In 1949, 10 of the 11 players in the team's initial line-up were killed in a plane crash that affected Torino, winners of the previous five Serie A titles. Italy did not advance further than the first round of the 1950 World Cup, as they were weakened severely due to the air disaster. The team had travelled by boat rather than by plane, fearing another accident. [13]

In the World Cup finals of 1954 and 1962, Italy failed to progress past the first round, and did not qualify for the 1958 World Cup due to a 2–1 defeat to Northern Ireland in the last match of the qualifying round. Italy did not take part in the first edition of the European Championship in 1960 (then known as the European Nations Cup), and was knocked out by the Soviet Union in the first round of the 1964 European Nations' Cup qualifying.

Their participation in the 1966 World Cup was ended by a 0–1 defeat at the hands of North Korea. Despite being the tournament favourites, the Azzurri, whose 1966 squad included Gianni Rivera and Giacomo Bulgarelli, were eliminated in the first round by the semi-professional North Koreans. The Italian team was bitterly condemned upon their return home, while North Korean scorer Pak Doo-ik was celebrated as the David who killed Goliath. Upon Italy's return home, furious fans threw fruit and rotten tomatoes at their transport bus at the airport. [14] [15]

1968–1976: European champions and World Cup runners-up

Captain Giacinto Facchetti celebrates Italy's UEFA Euro 1968 victory. Italia, Euro '68, Giacinto Facchetti.jpg
Captain Giacinto Facchetti celebrates Italy's UEFA Euro 1968 victory.

In 1968, Italy participated in their first European Championship, hosting the European Championship and winning their first major competition since the 1938 World Cup, beating Yugoslavia in Rome for the title. The match holds the distinction of being the only European Championship or World Cup final to go to a replay. [16] After extra time the final ended in a 1–1 draw, and in the days before penalty shootouts, the rules required the match to be replayed a few days later. Italy won the replay 2–0 (with goals from Luigi Riva and Pietro Anastasi) to take the trophy.

In the 1970 World Cup, exploiting the performances of European champions' players like Giacinto Facchetti, Gianni Rivera and Luigi Riva and with a new center-forward Roberto Boninsegna, the team were able to come back to a World Cup final match after 32 years. They reached this result after one of the most famous matches in football history—the "Game of the Century", the 1970 World Cup semifinal between Italy and Germany that Italy won 4–3 in extra time, with five of the seven goals coming in extra time. [17] They were later defeated by Brazil in the final 4–1. The cycle of international successes ended in the 1974 World Cup, when the team was eliminated by Grzegorz Lato's Polish team in the first round.

1978–1986: The third World Cup generation

Italy's line up, before the match against France in a group stage game at the 1978 FIFA World Cup at Estadio Jose Maria Minella (Mar del Plata, Argentina - 2 June 1978) Italia v Francia Mondiale 1978.jpg
Italy's line up, before the match against France in a group stage game at the 1978 FIFA World Cup at Estadio José María Minella (Mar del Plata, Argentina  – 2 June 1978)

In the 1978 FIFA World Cup in Argentina, a new generation of Italian players, the most famous being Paolo Rossi, came to the international stage. Italy were the only team in the tournament to beat the eventual champions and host team Argentina. Second-round games against West Germany (0–0), Austria (1–0) and Netherlands (1–2) led Italy to the third-place final, where the team was defeated by Brazil 2–1. In the match that eliminated Italy from the tournament against the Netherlands, Italian goalkeeper Dino Zoff was beaten by a long-distance shot from Arie Haan, and Zoff was criticized for the defeat. [18] Italy hosted the 1980 UEFA European Football Championship, the first edition to be held between eight teams instead of four, [19] automatically qualifying for the finals as hosts. After two draws with Spain and Belgium and a narrow 1–0 win over England, Italy were beaten by Czechoslovakia in the third-place match on penalties 9–8 after Fulvio Collovati missed his kick.

Italy's starting line-up, before the match against Argentina in a group stage game at the 1982 FIFA World Cup. Italia82.JPG
Italy's starting line-up, before the match against Argentina in a group stage game at the 1982 FIFA World Cup.
One of the widely remembered pictures of the 1982 FIFA World Cup, Italian President Sandro Pertini playing scopone with Dino Zoff, Franco Causio and coach Bearzot. Sandro Pertini Spagna 1982.jpg
One of the widely remembered pictures of the 1982 FIFA World Cup, Italian President Sandro Pertini playing scopone with Dino Zoff, Franco Causio and coach Bearzot.

After a scandal in Serie A where some National team players such as Paolo Rossi [20] were prosecuted and suspended for match fixing and illegal betting, the Azzurri qualified for the second round of the 1982 World Cup after three uninspiring draws against Poland, Peru and Cameroon. Having been loudly criticized, the Italian team decided on a press black-out from then on, with only coach Enzo Bearzot and captain Dino Zoff appointed to speak to the press.

Italy's regrouped in the second round group, a group of death with Argentina and Brazil. In the opener, Italy prevailed 2–1 over Argentina, with Italy's goals, both left-footed strikes, were scored by Marco Tardelli and Antonio Cabrini. After Brazil defeated Argentina 3–1, Italy needed to win in order to advance to the semi-finals. Twice Italy went in the lead with Paolo Rossi's goals, and twice Brazil came back. When Falcão scored to make it 2–2, Brazil would have been through on goal difference, but in the 74th minute Rossi scored the winning goal, for a hat-trick, in a crowded penalty area to send Italy to the semifinals after one of the greatest games in World Cup history. [21] [22] [23] Italy then progressed to the semi final where they defeated Poland with two goals from Rossi.

In the final, Italy met West Germany, who had advanced by a penalty shootout victory against France. The first half ended scoreless, after Antonio Cabrini missed a penalty awarded for a Hans-Peter Briegel foul on Bruno Conti. In the second half Paolo Rossi again scored the first goal, and while the Germans were pushing forward in search of an equaliser, Marco Tardelli and substitute Alessandro Altobelli finalised two contropiede counterattacks to make it 3–0. Paul Breitner scored home West Germany's consolation goal seven minutes from the end.

Tardelli's cry, "Gol! Gol!" was one of the defining images of Italy's 1982 World Cup triumph. [24] Paolo Rossi won the Golden Boot with six goals as well as the Golden Ball Award for the best player of the tournament, [25] and 40-year-old captain-goalkeeper Dino Zoff became the oldest player to win the World Cup. [26]

However, Italy failed to qualify for the 1984 European Championship. [27] [28] Italy then entered as reigning champions in the 1986 World Cup [29] [30] [31] but were eliminated by reigning European Champions, France, in the round of 16. [32]

1988–2000: World Cup and European Championship runners-up

1986 also led to Bearzot's departure, with Azeglio Vicini appointed in his place. [33] New coach conceded a chance to young players, such as Ciro Ferrara and Gianluca Vialli: [34] Sampdoria striker scored goals that gave Italy 1988 European Championship pass. [35] He was also shown like Altobelli's possibly successor, having his same goal attitude. [36] Both forwards stroke the target in Germany, where Soviet Union defeated azzurri in semi-finals. [37]

Italy hosted the World Cup for the second time in 1990. The Italian attack featured talented forwards Salvatore Schillaci and a young Roberto Baggio. Italy played nearly all of their matches in Rome and did not concede a single goal in their first five matches, however, Italy lost in the semi-final to defending champion Argentina in Naples, losing 4–3 on penalty kicks following a 1–1 draw after extra time. Schillaci's first half opener was equalised in the second half by Claudio Caniggia's header for Argentina. Aldo Serena missed the final penalty kick (with Roberto Donadoni also having his penalty saved by goalkeeper Sergio Goycochea). Italy went on to defeat England 2–1 in the third place match in Bari, with Schillaci scoring the winning goal on a penalty to become the tournament's top scorer with six goals. Italy then failed to qualify for the 1992 European Championship. In November 1993, FIFA ranked Italy first in the FIFA World Rankings for their first time since the ranking system was introduced in December 1992. [38]

At the 1994 World Cup in the United States, Italy lost the opening match against Ireland 0–1 at the Giants Stadium near New York City. After a 1–0 win against Norway in New York City and a 1–1 draw with Mexico at the RFK Stadium in Washington, D.C., Italy advanced from Group E based on goals scored among the four teams tied on points. During their round of 16 match at the Foxboro Stadium near Boston, Italy was down 0–1 late against Nigeria, but Baggio rescued Italy with an equaliser in the 88th minute and a penalty in extra time to take the win. [39] Baggio scored another late goal against Spain at their quarter-final match in Boston to seal a 2–1 win and two goals against Bulgaria in their semi-final match in New York City for another 2–1 win. [40] [41]

In the final, which took place in Los Angeles's Rose Bowl stadium 2,700 miles (4,320 km) and three time zones away from the Atlantic Northeast part of the United States where they had played all their previous matches, Italy, who had 24 hours less rest than Brazil, played 120 minutes of scoreless football, taking the match to a penalty shootout, the first time a World Cup final was settled in a penalty shootout. [42] Italy lost the subsequent shootout 3–2 after Baggio, who had been playing with the aid of a pain-killer injection [43] and a heavily bandaged hamstring, [44] [45] missed the final penalty kick of the match, shooting over the crossbar. [46] [47]

Italy (right) lineup ahead of the UEFA Euro 2000 Final against France Italy - France, 2 July 2000.jpg
Italy (right) lineup ahead of the UEFA Euro 2000 Final against France

Italy did not progress beyond the group stage at the finals of Euro 1996. Having defeated Russia 2–1 but losing to the Czech Republic by the same score, Italy required a win to be sure of progressing. Gianfranco Zola failed to convert a decisive penalty in a 0–0 draw against Germany, [48] who eventually won the tournament. During the qualifying campaign for the 1998 World Cup, Italy drew 0–0 to England on the last day of Group 2 matches as Italy finished in second place, one point behind England. Italy were then required to go through the play-off against Russia, advancing 2–1 on aggregate on 15 November 1997 with the winner coming from Pierluigi Casiraghi. [49] In the final tournament, Italy found themselves in another critical shootout for the third World Cup in a row. The Italian side, where Alessandro Del Piero and Baggio renewed the controversial staffetta ("relay") between Mazzola and Rivera from 1970, held the eventual World Champions and host team France to a 0–0 draw after extra time in the quarter-finals, but lost 4–3 in the shootout. With two goals scored in this tournament, Baggio is still the only Italian player to have scored in three different FIFA World Cup editions. [50]

In the Euro 2000, another shootout decided Italy's fate but this time in their favour when defeating the co-hosts the Netherlands in the semi final. Italian goalkeeper Francesco Toldo saved one penalty during the match and two in the shootout, while the Dutch players missed one other penalty during the match and one during the shootout with a rate of one penalty scored out of six attempts. Emerging star Francesco Totti scored his penalty with a cucchiaio ("spoon") chip. Italy finished the tournament as runners-up, losing the final 2–1 against France (to a golden goal in extra time) after conceding les Bleus equalising goal just 30 seconds before the expected end of injury time (93rd minute). After the defeat, coach Dino Zoff resigned in protest after being criticized by Milan club president and politician Silvio Berlusconi. [51]

2000–2004: Trapattoni Era

In the 2002 World Cup, a 2–0 victory against Ecuador with two Christian Vieri goals was followed by a series of controversial matches. During the match against Croatia, two goals were disallowed resulting in a 2–1 defeat for Italy. Despite two goals being ruled for borderline offsides, a late headed goal from Alessandro Del Piero helped Italy to a 1–1 draw with Mexico proving enough to advance to the knockout stages. However, co-host country South Korea eliminated Italy in the round of 16 by a score of 2–1. The game was highly controversial with members of the Italian team, most notably striker Francesco Totti and coach Giovanni Trapattoni, suggesting a conspiracy to eliminate Italy from the competition. [52] Trapattoni even obliquely accused FIFA of ordering the official to ensure a Korean victory so that one of the two host nations would remain in the tournament. [53] The most contentious decisions by the game referee Byron Moreno were an early penalty awarded to South Korea (saved by Buffon), a golden goal by Damiano Tommasi ruled offside, and the sending off of Totti after being presented with a second yellow card for an alleged dive in the penalty area. [54] FIFA President Sepp Blatter stated that the linesmen had been a "disaster" and admitted that Italy suffered from bad offside calls during the group matches, but he denied conspiracy allegations. While questioning Totti's sending off by Moreno, Blatter refused to blame Italy's loss entirely on the referees, stating: "Italy's elimination is not only down to referees and linesmen who made human not premeditated errors ... Italy made mistakes both in defense and in attack." [55]

A three-way five point tie in the group stage of the 2004 European Championship left Italy as the "odd man out", as they failed to qualify for the quarter finals after finishing behind Denmark and Sweden on the basis of number of goals scored in matches among the tied teams. Italy's winning goal scored during stoppage time giving them a 2–1 victory over Bulgaria by Antonio Cassano proved futile, ending the team's tournament.

2006: Fourth World Cup title

Within the crowd in the Circus Maximus in Rome, after the Italian team scored against France. FIFA world cup 2006 - Rome circus maximus flag.jpg
Within the crowd in the Circus Maximus in Rome, after the Italian team scored against France.
Italian President Napolitano congratulates coach Lippi and captain Cannavaro after the final match against France. Berlin, 9 July 2006. Italy 2006 FIFA World Cup Champion - Melandri, Napolitano, Cannavaro and Lippi.jpg
Italian President Napolitano congratulates coach Lippi and captain Cannavaro after the final match against France. Berlin, 9 July 2006.

The summer of 2004 marked the choice, by FIGC, to appoint Marcello Lippi for Italy's bench. [56] He made his debut in an upset 2–0 defeat in Iceland [57] but then managed to qualify for 2006 World Cup. [58] [59] Italy's campaign in the tournament hosted by Germany was accompanied by open pessimism [60] due to the controversy caused by the 2006 Serie A scandal, [61] however these negative predictions were then refuted, as the Azzurri eventually won their fourth World Cup.

Italy won their opening game against Ghana 2–0, with goals from Andrea Pirlo (40th minute) and substitute Vincenzo Iaquinta (83rd minute). The team performance was judged the best among the opening games by FIFA President Sepp Blatter. [62]

The second match was a less convincing 1–1 draw with United States, with Alberto Gilardino's diving header equalized by a Cristian Zaccardo own goal. After the equaliser, midfielder Daniele De Rossi and the United States's Pablo Mastroeni and Eddie Pope were sent off, leaving only nine men on the field for nearly the entirety of the second half, but the score remained unchanged despite a controversial decision when Gennaro Gattuso's shot was deflected in but disallowed because of an offside ruling. The same happened at the other end when U.S. winger DaMarcus Beasley's goal was not given due to teammate Brian McBride being ruled offside. De Rossi was suspended for four matches for elbowing McBride in the face and only returned for the final match.

Italy finished first in Group E with a 2–0 win against the Czech Republic, with goals from defender Marco Materazzi (26th minute) and striker Filippo Inzaghi (87th minute), advancing to the Round of 16 in the knockout stages, where they faced Australia. In this match, Materazzi was controversially sent off early in the second half (53rd minute) after an attempted two-footed tackle on Australian midfielder Marco Bresciano. In stoppage time a controversial penalty kick was awarded to the Azzurri when referee Luis Medina Cantalejo ruled that Lucas Neill fouled Fabio Grosso. Francesco Totti converted into an upper corner of the goal past Mark Schwarzer for a 1–0 win. [63]

In the quarterfinals Italy beat Ukraine 3–0. Gianluca Zambrotta opened the scoring early (in the sixth minute) with a left-footed shot from outside the penalty area after a quick exchange with Totti created enough space. Luca Toni added two more goals in the second half (59th and 69th minute), as Ukraine pressed forward but were not able to score, hitting the crossbar and requiring several saves from Gianluigi Buffon and a goal-line clearance from Zambrotta. Afterwards, manager Marcello Lippi dedicated the victory to former Italian international Gianluca Pessotto, who was in the hospital recovering from an apparent suicide attempt. [64]

In the semi-finals, Italy beat hosts Germany 2–0 with the two goals coming in the last two minutes of extra time. After a back-and-forth half-hour of extra time during which Alberto Gilardino and Gianluca Zambrotta struck the post and the crossbar respectively, Fabio Grosso scored in the 119th minute after a disguised Andrea Pirlo pass found him open in the penalty area for a bending left-footed shot into the far corner past German goalkeeper Jens Lehmann's dive. Substitute striker Alessandro Del Piero then sealed the victory by scoring with the last kick of the game at the end of a swift counterattack by Cannavaro, Totti and Gilardino. [65]

The Azzurri won their fourth World Cup, defeating their long-time rivals France in Berlin, on 9 July, 5–3 on penalty kicks after a 1–1 draw at the end of extra time in the final. French captain Zinedine Zidane opened the scoring in the seventh minute with a chipped penalty kick, awarded for a controversial foul by Materazzi on Florent Malouda. Twelve minutes later, a header by Materazzi from a corner kick by Pirlo brought Italy even. In the second half, a potential winning goal by Toni was disallowed for a very close offside call by linesman Luc La Rossa. In the 110th minute, Zidane (playing in the last match of his career) was sent off by referee Horacio Elizondo for headbutting Materazzi in the chest after a verbal exchange; [66] Italy then won the penalty shootout 5–3; the crucial penalty miss being David Trezeguet's, the same player who scored the golden goal for France in the Euro 2000. Trezeguet's attempt hit the crossbar, then shot down after its impact, and just stayed ahead of the line. [67]

Ten different players scored for Italy in the tournament, and five goals out of twelve were scored by substitutes, while four goals were scored by defenders. Seven players — Gianluigi Buffon, Fabio Cannavaro, Gianluca Zambrotta, Andrea Pirlo, Gennaro Gattuso, Francesco Totti and Luca Toni — were named to the 23-man tournament All Star Team. [68] Buffon also won the Lev Yashin Award, given to the best goalkeeper of the tournament; he conceded only two goals in the tournament's seven matches, the first an own goal by Zaccardo and the second from Zidane's penalty kick in the final, and remained unbeaten for 460 consecutive minutes. [69] In honour of Italy winning the FIFA World Cup for a fourth time, all members of the World Cup-winning squad were awarded the Italian Order of Merit of Cavaliere Ufficiale. [70] [71]

2006–2010: Post World Cup and Lippi's second term

Marcello Lippi, who had announced his resignation three days after the World Cup triumph, was replaced by Roberto Donadoni as the new coach of the Azzurri. [72] Italy played in the 2008 UEFA European Football Championship qualifying Group B, along with France. Italy won the group, with France being the runner-up. On 14 February 2007, Italy climbed to first in the FIFA World Rankings from second, with a total of 1,488 points, 37 points ahead of second ranked Argentina. This was the second time in the Azzurri's history that it had been ranked in first place, the first time being in 1993; they would also be ranked first several times throughout 2007, also in April–June and September. [38] [73]

In Euro 2008, the Azzurri lost 3–0 to the Netherlands. The following game against Romania ended 1–1, with a goal by Christian Panucci that came only one minute after Romania's Adrian Mutu capitalized on a mistake by Gianluca Zambrotta to give Romania the lead. [74] The result was preserved by Gianluigi Buffon who saved a penalty kick from Mutu in the 80th minute. [74]

The final group game against France, a rematch of the 2006 World Cup Final, was a 2–0 Italy win. Andrea Pirlo scored from the penalty spot after a foul and red card for France defender Eric Abidal, and later a free kick by Daniele De Rossi took a deflection resulting Italy's second goal. Romania, entering the day a point ahead of the Italians in Group C, lost to the Netherlands 2–0, allowing Italy to pass into the quarter finals against eventual champions Spain, where they lost 2–4 on penalties after a 0–0 draw after 120 minutes. Within a week after the game, Roberto Donadoni's contract was terminated and Marcello Lippi was rehired as coach. [75]

Italy qualified for their first ever FIFA Confederations Cup held in South Africa in June 2009 by virtue of winning the 2006 World Cup. They won their opening match of the tournament by a score of 3–1 against the United States, but subsequent defeats to Egypt (0–1) and Brazil (0–3) meant that they only finished third in the group on goals scored, and were eliminated.

The national football team of Italy qualified for the 2010 FIFA World Cup after playing home games at Stadio Friuli, Stadio Via del Mare, Stadio San Nicola, Stadio Olimpico di Torino and Stadio Ennio Tardini. In October 2009, they achieved qualification after drawing with the Republic of Ireland 2–2. On 4 December 2009, the draw for the World Cup was made: Italy would be in Group F alongside three underdog teams: Paraguay, New Zealand and Slovakia.

At the 2010 World Cup in South Africa, reigning champions Italy were unexpectedly eliminated in the first round, finishing last place in their group. After being held to 1–1 draws by Paraguay and New Zealand, they suffered a 3–2 loss to Slovakia. [76] It was the first time Italy failed to win a single game at a World Cup finals tournament, and in doing so became the third nation to be eliminated in the first round while holding the World Cup crown; the first being Brazil in 1966 and the second France in 2002. [77] Coincidentally, France who had been Italy's adversaries and the losing finalist in the 2006 World Cup, were also eliminated without winning a game in the first round in South Africa, making it the first time ever that neither finalist of the previous edition were able to reach the second round. [78]

2010–2014: European Championship runners-up

The national football team of Italy before the UEFA Euro 2012 Final, Olympic Stadium, Kiev, 1 July 2012. Italy national football team Euro 2012 final.jpg
The national football team of Italy before the UEFA Euro 2012 Final, Olympic Stadium, Kiev, 1 July 2012.

Marcello Lippi stepped down after Italy's World Cup campaign and was replaced by Cesare Prandelli, although Lippi's successor had already been announced before the tournament. [79] Italy began their campaign with Prandelli with a disappointing 0–1 loss to the Ivory Coast in a friendly match. [80] Then, during a Euro 2012 qualifier, Italy came back from behind to defeat Estonia 2–1. In the next Euro qualifier, Italy dominated the Faroe Islands 5–0. Italy then tied 0–0 with Northern Ireland. Five days later, Italy played Serbia; however, Serbian fans in Stadio Luigi Ferraris began to riot, throwing flares and shooting fireworks onto the pitch, subsequently causing the abandonment of the game. [81] Upon UEFA Disciplinary Review, Italy was awarded a 3–0 victory that propelled them to the top of their group. [82] In their first match of 2011, Italy drew 1–1 a friendly with Germany at Dortmund, in the same stadium where they beat Germany 2–0 to advance to the final of the 2006 World Cup. In March 2011, Italy won 1–0 over Slovenia to again secure its spot at the top of the qualification table. They then defeated Ukraine 2–0 in a friendly, despite being reduced to ten men for the late stages of the match. With their 3–0 defeat of Estonia in another Euro 2012 qualifier, Prandelli's Italy secured the table lead and also achieved 9 undefeated games in a row since their initial debacle. The streak was ended on 7 June 2011 by Trapattoni's current charges, the Republic of Ireland, with Italy losing 0–2 in a friendly in Liège.

At the beginning of the second season under coach Prandelli, on 10 August 2011, Italy defeated the reigning world champions Spain for 2–1 in a friendly match played in Bari's Stadio San Nicola, but lost in a friendly to the United States, 1–0, on home soil on 29 February 2012. [83]

Italy started their Euro 2012 campaign with a 1–1 draw to current reigning European and world champions Spain. Following this they met Croatia and were also held to a 1–1 draw. They finished second in their group behind Spain by beating the Republic of Ireland 2–0, which earned them a quarter final match against the winners of group D, England. After a mostly one-sided affair in which Italy failed to take their chances, they managed to best England on penalty kicks, even though they were down early in the shootout. A save by goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon put them ahead after a chip shot from Andrea Pirlo. Prandelli's side won the shootout 4–2. [84] [85]

In their next game, the first semi-final of the competition, they faced Germany team who were tipped by many to be the next European champions. [86] [87] [88] [89] [90] However, two first-half goals by Mario Balotelli saw Germany sent home, and the Italians went through to the finals to face the title defenders Spain.

In the final, however, they were unable to repeat their earlier performance against Spain, falling 4–0 to lose the championship. Prandelli's men were further undone by the string of injuries which left them playing with ten men for the last half-hour, as substitute Thiago Motta was forced to go off after all three substitutions had been made. [91]

During the 2013 Confederations Cup in Brazil, Italy started in a group with Mexico, Japan and Brazil. After beating Mexico 2–1 and Japan 4–3, Italy eventually lost their final group game against tournament hosts Brazil 4–2. Italy then faced Spain in the semi-finals, in a rematch of the Euro 2012 final. Italy lost 7–6 (0–0 after extra time) in a penalty shoot-out after Leonardo Bonucci failed to score his kick. [92] Prandelli was praised for his tactics against the current World Cup and European champions. [93] Italy was then able to win the match for the third place by defeating Uruguay with the penalty score of 5–4 (2–2 after extra time).

Italy was drawn in UEFA Group B for the 2014 World Cup qualification campaign. They won the qualifying group without losing a match. Despite this successful run they were not seeded in pot 1 for the final seeding. In December 2013, Italy was drawn in Group D against Costa Rica, England and Uruguay. In its first match, Italy defeated England 2–1. However, in the second group stage match, underdogs Costa Rica beat the Italians 1–0. [94] In Italy's last group match, they were knocked out by Uruguay 1–0, due in part to two controversial calls from referee Marco Antonio Rodríguez (Mexico): in the 59th minute, midfielder Claudio Marchisio was sent off for a questionable tackle. [95] [96] Later in the 80th minute, with the teams knotted at 0–0 which would have sent Italy to the next round, Uruguayan striker Luis Suárez bit defender Giorgio Chiellini on the shoulder but was not sent off. [97] [98] Uruguay went on to score moments later in the 81st minute with a Diego Godín header from a corner kick, winning the game 1–0 and eliminating Italy. This marked Italy's second consecutive failure to reach the round of 16 at the World Cup finals. Shortly after this loss, coach Cesare Prandelli resigned. [99]

2014–2016: Euro 2016 campaign

The successful former Juventus manager Antonio Conte was selected to replace Cesare Prandelli as coach after the 2014 World Cup. Conte's debut as manager was against 2014 World Cup semi-finalists the Netherlands, in which Italy won 2–0. Italy's first defeat under Conte came ten games in to his empowerment from a 1–0 international friendly loss against Portugal on 16 June 2015. [100] On 10 October 2015, Italy qualified for Euro 2016, courtesy of a 3–1 win over Azerbaijan; [101] the result meant that Italy had managed to go 50 games unbeaten in European qualifiers. [102] Three days later, with a 2–1 win over Norway, Italy topped their Euro 2016 qualifying group with 24 points; four points clear of second placed Croatia. [103] However, with a similar fate to the 2014 World Cup group stage draw, Italy were not top seeded into the first pot. This had Italy see a draw with Belgium, Sweden and the Republic of Ireland in Group E. [104]

On 4 April 2016, it was announced that Antonio Conte would step down as Italy coach after Euro 2016 to become head coach of English club Chelsea at the start of the 2016–17 Premier League season. [105] The 23-man squad, which was initially criticized by many fans and members of the media for its tactics and level of quality, [106] saw notable absences with Andrea Pirlo and Sebastian Giovinco controversially left out [107] and Claudio Marchisio and Marco Verratti omitted due to injury. [108] [109] Italy opened Euro 2016 with a 2–0 victory over Belgium on 13 June. [110] Italy qualified for the round of 16 with one game to spare on 17 June with a lone goal by Éder for the victory against Sweden; the first time they won the second group game in a major international tournament since Euro 2000. [111] Italy also finished top of the group for the first time in a major tournament since the 2006 World Cup. [112] Italy defeated reigning European champions Spain 2–0 in the round of 16 match on 27 June. [113] Italy then faced off against the reigning World champions, rivals Germany, in the quarter-finals. Mesut Özil opened the scoring in the 65th minute for Germany, before Leonardo Bonucci converted a penalty in the 78th minute for Italy. The score remained 1–1 after extra time and Germany beat Italy 6–5 in the ensuing penalty shoot-out. It was the first time Germany overcame Italy in a major tournament, however, since the win occurred on penalties, it is statistically considered a draw. [114] [115]

2016–present: Failure to qualify for 2018 FIFA World Cup and rebuild

For the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification Italy were placed into the second pot due to being in 17th place in the FIFA World Rankings at the time of the group draws; Italy were drawn with Spain from pot one on 25 July 2015. [116] After Conte's planned departure following Euro 2016, Gian Piero Ventura took over as manager for the team, on 18 July 2016, signing a two-year contract. [117] His first match at the helm was a friendly against France, held at the Stadio San Nicola on 1 September, which ended in a 3–1 loss. [118] Four days later, he won his first competitive match in charge of Italy, the team's opening 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifier against Israel at Haifa, which ended in a 3–1 victory for Italy. [119]

After Italy won all of their qualifying matches except for a 1–1 draw at home to Macedonia, as well as a 1–1 draw with Spain at home on 6 October 2016, and a 3–0 loss away to Spain on 2 September 2017, Italy finished in Group G in second place, five points behind Spain. [120] [121] Italy were then required to go through the play-off against Sweden. After a 1–0 aggregate loss to Sweden, on 13 November 2017, Italy failed to qualify for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, the first time they failed to qualify for the World Cup since 1958. [122] Immediately following the match, veterans Giorgio Chiellini, Andrea Barzagli, Daniele De Rossi and captain Gianluigi Buffon all declared their retirement from the national team. [123] [124] [125] [126] [127] On 15 November 2017, Ventura was dismissed as head coach [128] and on 20 November 2017, Carlo Tavecchio resigned as president of the Italian Football Federation. [129] [130] On 5 February 2018, the Italy U21 manager Luigi Di Biagio was appointed as the caretaker manager of the senior team. [131] On 17 March 2018, despite the initial decision to retire by veterans Buffon and Chiellini, they were both called up for Italy's March 2018 friendlies by caretaker manager Di Biagio. [132] Following the March friendlies against Argentina and England in which Italy were defeated and drew respectively, on 12 April 2018, Italy dropped six places to their lowest FIFA World Ranking at the time, to 20th place. [133] On 14 May 2018, Roberto Mancini was announced as the new manager. [134] On 28 May 2018, Italy won their first match under Mancini, a 2–1 victory in a friendly over Saudi Arabia. [135] On 16 August 2018, in the FIFA World Ranking that followed the 2018 World Cup, Italy dropped two places to their lowest ever ranking, to 21st place. [136] On 7 September 2018, Italy participated in the inaugural UEFA Nations League, drawing their first match of the tournament against Poland in Bologna with a score of 1–1. [137]

Team image

Kits, colours and badges

Italy in 1910, wearing the original white jersey. They would switch to the traditional blue shirt a year later. Italy national football team1910.jpg
Italy in 1910, wearing the original white jersey. They would switch to the traditional blue shirt a year later.
Giuseppe Meazza 1930-1933.jpg
The blue shirt had a House of Savoy badge during the early 1930s.
Giacinto Facchetti, Italia, Euro '68.jpg
Italy's classic kit in 1968, worn by Giacinto Facchetti.
Andrea Pirlo Euro 2012 vs England 01.jpg
Pirlo wearing the all-blue kit in 2012.

The first shirt worn by the Italian national team, in its debut against France on 15 May 1910, was white. The choice of colour was due to the fact that a decision about the appearance of the kit had not yet been made, so it was decided not to have a colour, which was why white was chosen. [138] After two games, for a friendly against Hungary in Milan on 6 January 1911, the white shirt was replaced by a blue jersey — blue being the border colour of the royal House of Savoy crest used on the flag of the Kingdom of Italy; the shirt was accompanied by white shorts and black socks (which later became blue). [138] The team later became known as gli Azzurri (the Blues). [138] [139] [140]

In the 1930s, Italy wore a black kit, ordered by the fascist regime of Benito Mussolini. The black kit debuted on 17 February 1935 in a friendly against France at the Stadio Nazionale PNF in Rome. [141] A blue shirt, white shorts and black socks were, however, worn at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin the following year. But at the 1938 FIFA World Cup in France the all-black kit was worn. [142]

After World War II, the fascist regime fell and the monarchy was abolished in 1946. The same year saw the birth of the Italian Republic, and the blue-and-white kit was reinstated. The cross of the former Royal House of Savoy was removed from the flag of Italy, and consequently from the national team's badge, now consisting solely of the Tricolore . For the 1954 FIFA World Cup, the country's name in Italian, "ITALIA", was placed above the tricolour shield, and for the 1982 FIFA World Cup, "FIGC", the abbreviation of the Italian Football Federation, was incorporated into the badge. [138]

In 1983, to celebrate the victory at the World Cup of the previous year, three gold stars replaced the word "ITALIA" above the tricolour, representing their three World Cup victories until that point. And in 1984, a round emblem was launched, featuring the three stars, the inscriptions "ITALIA" and "FIGC", and the tricolour. [138]

The first known kit manufacturer was Adidas in 1974. Since 2003, the kit has been made by Puma. [138] Since the 2000s, an all-blue uniform including blue shorts has occasionally been used, particularity in international tournaments. [138] After Italy's 2006 World Cup victory, a fourth star was added to the tricolour badge.

Kit suppliers

Kit supplierPeriod
None1910–1974
Flag of Germany.svg Adidas 1974–1978
Flag of Italy.svg Baila1978–1979
Flag of France.svg Le Coq Sportif 1979–1984
Flag of Italy.svg Ennerre1984–1985
Flag of Italy.svg Diadora 1985–1994
Flag of the United States.svg Nike 1994–1999
Flag of Italy.svg Kappa 1999–2003
Flag of Germany.svg Puma 2003–present

Rivalries

France-Italy match on 20 February 1921. France - Italy, football, 20 feb 1921 (2).jpg
France–Italy match on 20 February 1921.

Italy has four main rivalries with other top footballing nations.

Their rivalry with Brazil, known as the Clásico Mundial in Spanish or the World Derby in English, [143] is between two of the most successful football nations in the world, having achieved nine World Cups between the two countries. Since their first match at 1938 World Cup, they have played against each other a total of five times in the World Cup, most notably in the 1970 World Cup Final and the 1994 World Cup final in which Brazil won 4–1 and 3–2 on penalties after a goalless draw respectively. [144]

Their rivalry with France dates back the earliest, with the match played on 15 May 1910, Italy's first official match ending in a 6–2 victory. [145] [146] Notable matches in the World Cup and the European Football Championship include the 2006 World Cup Final, when the Italians defeated the French 5–3 in the penalty shoot-out, after a 1–1 draw, and the 2000 European Championship, won by France with an extra-time golden goal by David Trezeguet. [147]

Their rivalry with Germany is also long-standing, having played against each other five times in the World Cup, notably in the "Game of the Century", the 1970 World Cup semifinal between the two countries that Italy won 4–3 in extra time, with five of the seven goals coming in extra time. [148] Germany has also won three European Championships while Italy has won it once. The two countries have faced each other four times in the European championship, with three draws (one German penalty shoot-out victory) and one Italian victory. [149] Germany had never defeated Italy in a major tournament match until their victory in the Euro 2016 quarterfinals, on penalties (though statistically considered a draw), with all Germany's other wins over Italy being in friendly competitions. [115]

Their rivalry with Spain, sometimes referred to as the Mediterranean derby, [150] has been contested since 1920, and, although the two nations are not immediate geographical neighbours, their rivalry at international level is enhanced by the strong performances of the representative clubs in UEFA competitions, in which they are among the leading associations and have each enjoyed spells of dominance. [151] [152] Since the quarterfinal match between the two countries at Euro 2008, the rivalry has renewed, with its most notable match between the two sides being in the UEFA Euro 2012 Final, which Spain won 4–0. [153] [154]

Competitive record

For the all-time record, see Italy national football team all-time record.

    Champions      Runners-up       Third Place       Fourth Place  

FIFA World Cup

FIFA World Cup record FIFA World Cup qualification record
YearRoundPositionPldWD*LGFGAPldWDLGFGA
Flag of Uruguay.svg 1930 Did not enterDid not enter
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg 1934 Champions 1st5410123110040
Flag of France.svg 1938 Champions 1st4400115Qualified as defending champions
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg 1950 Group stage7th210143Qualified as defending champions
Flag of Switzerland.svg 1954 10th310267220072
Flag of Sweden.svg 1958 Did not qualify420255
Flag of Chile.svg 1962 Group stage9th3111322200102
Flag of England.svg 1966 9th3102226411173
Flag of Mexico.svg 1970 Runners-up 2nd63211084310103
Flag of Germany.svg 1974 Group stage10th3111546420120
Flag of Argentina.svg 1978 Fourth Place4th7412966501184
Flag of Spain.svg 1982 Champions 1st74301268521125
Flag of Mexico.svg 1986 Round of 1612th412156Qualified as defending champions
Flag of Italy.svg 1990 Third Place3rd7610102Qualified as hosts
Flag of the United States.svg 1994 Runners-up 2nd74218510721227
Flag of France.svg 1998 Quarter-finals5th53208310640132
Flag of South Korea.svg Flag of Japan.svg 2002 Round of 1615th4112558620163
Flag of Germany.svg 2006 Champions 1st752012210721178
Flag of South Africa.svg 2010 Group stage26th30214510730187
Flag of Brazil.svg 2014 22nd31022310640199
Flag of Russia.svg 2018 Did not qualify12732219
Flag of Qatar.svg 2022 TBD
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Flag of Mexico.svg Flag of the United States.svg 2026
Total4 Titles18/2183452117128771097426922169
*Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty shoot-out.
**Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
***Red border colour indicates tournament was held on home soil.

FIFA Confederations Cup

FIFA Confederations Cup record
YearRoundPositionPldWD*LGFGASquad
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 1992 No European team participated
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 1995 Did not qualify
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg 1997
Flag of Mexico.svg 1999
Flag of South Korea.svg Flag of Japan.svg 2001
Flag of France.svg 2003 Did not enter [155]
Flag of Germany.svg 2005 Did not qualify
Flag of South Africa.svg 2009 Group stage5th310235 Squad
Flag of Brazil.svg 2013 Third Place3rd52211010 Squad
Flag of Russia.svg 2017 Did not qualify
TotalThird Place2/1083231315-
*Draws include knockout matches decided by penalty shoot-out.

UEFA European Championship

UEFA European Championship record UEFA European Championship qualifying record
YearRoundPositionPldWD*LGFGAPldWDLGFGA
Flag of France.svg 1960 Did not enterDid not enter
Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg 1964 Did not qualify421183
Flag of Italy.svg 1968 Champions 1st3120318611216
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 1972 Did not qualify8431136
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg 1976 623133
Flag of Italy.svg 1980 Fourth Place4th413021Qualified as hosts
Flag of France.svg 1984 Did not qualify8134612
Flag of Germany.svg 1988 Semi-finals3rd4211438611164
Flag of Sweden.svg 1992 Did not qualify8341125
Flag of England.svg 1996 Group stage10th31113310721206
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2000 Runners-up 2nd6411948431135
Flag of Portugal.svg 2004 Group stage9th3120328521174
Flag of Austria.svg Flag of Switzerland.svg 2008 Quarter-finals8th41213412921229
Flag of Poland.svg Flag of Ukraine.svg 2012 Runners-up 2nd62316710820202
Flag of France.svg 2016 Quarter-finals6th53116210730167
Flag of Europe.svg 2020 Qualifications in progress220080
Flag of Germany.svg 2024 TBD
Total1 Title9/153816166392711066301419572
*Draws include knockout matches decided by penalty shoot-out.
**Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
***Red border colour indicates tournament was held on home soil.

UEFA Nations League

UEFA Nations League record
YearDivisionRoundPosPldWDLGFGA
2018–19 A Group stage8th412122
2020–21 A To be determined
TotalGroup stage
League A
1/1412122

Honours

This is a list of honours for the senior Italian national team
CompetitionGold medal icon.svgSilver medal icon.svgBronze medal icon.svgTotal
World Cup 4217
European Championship 123
Confederations Cup 0011
Olympic Games 1023
Total64414

Coaching staff

Current technical staff: [156]

PositionName
Head Coach Flag of Italy.svg Roberto Mancini
Assistant Coach Flag of Italy.svg Alberigo Evani
Flag of Italy.svg Giulio Nuciari
Flag of Italy.svg Fausto Salsano
Flag of Italy.svg Attilio Lombardo
Goalkeeping Coach Flag of Italy.svg Massimo Battara
Team Manager Flag of Italy.svg Gabriele Oriali
Athletic Trainers Flag of Italy.svg Giovanni Brignardello
Flag of Italy.svg Claudio Donatelli
Doctors Flag of Italy.svg Carmine Costabile
Flag of Italy.svg Angelo De Carli
Physiotherapists Flag of Italy.svg Alfonso Casano
Flag of Italy.svg Maurizio Fagorzi
Flag of Italy.svg Emanuele Randelli
Flag of Italy.svg Fabrizio Scalzi
Osteopath Flag of Italy.svg Walter Martinelli
Nutritionist Flag of Italy.svg Matteo Pincella
Match Analyst Flag of Italy.svg Antonio Gagliardi
Secretary Flag of Italy.svg Emiliano Cozzi

During the earliest days of Italian nation football, it was common for a Technical Commission to be appointed. The Commission took the role that a standard coach would currently play. Ever since 1967, the national team has been controlled by the coaches only.

For this reason, the coach of the Italian national team is still called Technical Commissioner (Commissario tecnico or CT, the use of this denomination has since then expanded into other team sports in Italy).

Results and fixtures

  Win  Draw  Loss


2018

2019

Players

Current squad

The following players were called up for the UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying matches against Finland on 23 March 2019 and Liechtenstein on 26 March 2019.

Caps and goals as of 26 March 2019, after the match against Liechtenstein.

No.Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClub
11 GK Salvatore Sirigu (1987-01-12) 12 January 1987 (age 32)200 Flag of Italy.svg Torino
121 GK Alessio Cragno (1994-06-28) 28 June 1994 (age 24)00 Flag of Italy.svg Cagliari
221 GK Gianluigi Donnarumma (1999-02-25) 25 February 1999 (age 20)120 Flag of Italy.svg Milan
1 GK Mattia Perin (1992-11-10) 10 November 1992 (age 26)20 Flag of Italy.svg Juventus

22 DF Armando Izzo (1992-03-02) 2 March 1992 (age 27)10 Flag of Italy.svg Torino
32 DF Giorgio Chiellini (captain) (1984-08-14) 14 August 1984 (age 34)1018 Flag of Italy.svg Juventus
42 DF Cristiano Biraghi (1992-09-01) 1 September 1992 (age 26)51 Flag of Italy.svg Fiorentina
52 DF Gianluca Mancini (1996-04-17) 17 April 1996 (age 22)10 Flag of Italy.svg Atalanta
72 DF Leonardo Spinazzola (1993-03-25) 25 March 1993 (age 26)70 Flag of Italy.svg Juventus
132 DF Alessio Romagnoli (1995-01-12) 12 January 1995 (age 24)90 Flag of Italy.svg Milan
192 DF Leonardo Bonucci (1987-05-01) 1 May 1987 (age 31)876 Flag of Italy.svg Juventus

63 MF Marco Verratti (1992-11-05) 5 November 1992 (age 26)312 Flag of France.svg Paris Saint-Germain
83 MF Jorginho (1991-12-20) 20 December 1991 (age 27)151 Flag of England.svg Chelsea
153 MF Stefano Sensi (1995-08-05) 5 August 1995 (age 23)21 Flag of Italy.svg Sassuolo
183 MF Nicolò Barella (1997-02-07) 7 February 1997 (age 22)51 Flag of Italy.svg Cagliari
233 MF Nicolò Zaniolo (1999-07-02) 2 July 1999 (age 19)20 Flag of Italy.svg Roma
3 MF Bryan Cristante (1995-03-03) 3 March 1995 (age 24)60 Flag of Italy.svg Roma

94 FW Leonardo Pavoletti (1988-11-26) 26 November 1988 (age 30)11 Flag of Italy.svg Cagliari
104 FW Federico Bernardeschi (1994-02-16) 16 February 1994 (age 25)172 Flag of Italy.svg Juventus
114 FW Vincenzo Grifo (1993-04-07) 7 April 1993 (age 26)10 Flag of Germany.svg Freiburg
144 FW Moise Kean (2000-02-28) 28 February 2000 (age 19)32 Flag of Italy.svg Juventus
164 FW Matteo Politano (1993-08-03) 3 August 1993 (age 25)31 Flag of Italy.svg Internazionale
174 FW Ciro Immobile (1990-02-20) 20 February 1990 (age 29)367 Flag of Italy.svg Lazio
204 FW Kevin Lasagna (1992-08-10) 10 August 1992 (age 26)30 Flag of Italy.svg Udinese
214 FW Fabio Quagliarella (1983-01-31) 31 January 1983 (age 36)279 Flag of Italy.svg Sampdoria

Recent call-ups

The following players have also been called up to the Italy squad within the last 12 months. Players that have retired from the national team and are not available for selection anymore are not displayed.

Pos.PlayerDate of birth (age)CapsGoalsClubLatest call-up
GK Alex Meret (1997-03-22) 22 March 1997 (age 22)00 Flag of Italy.svg Napoli Training camp, February 2019

DF Alessandro Florenzi (1991-03-11) 11 March 1991 (age 28)312 Flag of Italy.svg Roma v. Flag of Finland.svg  Finland , 23 March 2019 INJ
DF Cristiano Piccini (1992-09-26) 26 September 1992 (age 26)30 Flag of Spain.svg Valencia v. Flag of Finland.svg  Finland , 23 March 2019 INJ
DF Mattia De Sciglio (1992-10-20) 20 October 1992 (age 26)370 Flag of Italy.svg Juventus Training camp, February 2019
DF Domenico Criscito (1986-12-30) 30 December 1986 (age 32)260 Flag of Italy.svg Genoa Training camp, February 2019
DF Andrea Conti (1994-03-02) 2 March 1994 (age 25)10 Flag of Italy.svg Milan Training camp, February 2019
DF Manuel Lazzari (1993-11-29) 29 November 1993 (age 25)10 Flag of Italy.svg SPAL Training camp, February 2019
DF Alessandro Bastoni (1999-04-13) 13 April 1999 (age 20)00 Flag of Italy.svg Parma Training camp, February 2019
DF Daniele Rugani (1994-07-29) 29 July 1994 (age 24)70 Flag of Italy.svg Juventus v. Flag of the United States.svg  United States , 20 November 2018
DF Francesco Acerbi (1988-02-10) 10 February 1988 (age 31)30 Flag of Italy.svg Lazio v. Flag of the United States.svg  United States , 20 November 2018
DF Emerson Palmieri (1994-08-03) 3 August 1994 (age 24)20 Flag of England.svg Chelsea v. Flag of the United States.svg  United States , 20 November 2018
DF Lorenzo Tonelli (1990-01-17) 17 January 1990 (age 29)00 Flag of Italy.svg Sampdoria v. Flag of Poland.svg  Poland , 14 October 2018
DF Danilo D'Ambrosio (1988-09-09) 9 September 1988 (age 30)20 Flag of Italy.svg Internazionale v. Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine , 10 October 2018 INJ
DF Davide Zappacosta (1992-06-11) 11 June 1992 (age 26)130 Flag of England.svg Chelsea v. Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal , 10 September 2018
DF Mattia Caldara (1994-05-05) 5 May 1994 (age 24)20 Flag of Italy.svg Milan v. Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal , 10 September 2018

MF Lorenzo Pellegrini (1996-06-19) 19 June 1996 (age 22)90 Flag of Italy.svg Roma Training camp, February 2019
MF Roberto Gagliardini (1994-04-07) 7 April 1994 (age 25)60 Flag of Italy.svg Internazionale Training camp, February 2019
MF Marco Benassi (1994-09-08) 8 September 1994 (age 24)00 Flag of Italy.svg Fiorentina Training camp, February 2019
MF Sandro Tonali (2000-05-08) 8 May 2000 (age 18)00 Flag of Italy.svg Brescia Training camp, February 2019
MF Giacomo Bonaventura (1989-08-22) 22 August 1989 (age 29)140 Flag of Italy.svg Milan v. Flag of Poland.svg  Poland , 14 October 2018
MF Daniele Baselli (1992-03-12) 12 March 1992 (age 27)10 Flag of Italy.svg Torino v. Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands , 4 June 2018
MF Rolando Mandragora (1997-06-29) 29 June 1997 (age 21)10 Flag of Italy.svg Udinese v. Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands , 4 June 2018
MF Claudio Marchisio (1986-01-19) 19 January 1986 (age 33)555 Flag of Russia.svg Zenit Saint Petersburg v. Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia , 28 May 2018 INJ

FW Stephan El Shaarawy (1992-10-27) 27 October 1992 (age 26)233 Flag of Italy.svg Roma v. Flag of Finland.svg  Finland , 23 March 2019 INJ
FW Federico Chiesa (1997-10-25) 25 October 1997 (age 21)110 Flag of Italy.svg Fiorentina v. Flag of Finland.svg  Finland , 23 March 2019 INJ
FW Lorenzo Insigne (1991-06-04) 4 June 1991 (age 27)304 Flag of Italy.svg Napoli Training camp, February 2019
FW Domenico Berardi (1994-08-01) 1 August 1994 (age 24)50 Flag of Italy.svg Sassuolo Training camp, February 2019
FW Sebastian Giovinco (1987-01-26) 26 January 1987 (age 32)231 Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Al-Hilal v. Flag of Poland.svg  Poland , 14 October 2018
FW Gianluca Caprari (1993-07-30) 30 July 1993 (age 25)00 Flag of Italy.svg Sampdoria v. Flag of Poland.svg  Poland , 14 October 2018
FW Simone Zaza (1991-06-25) 25 June 1991 (age 27)182 Flag of Italy.svg Torino v. Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine , 10 October 2018 INJ
FW Patrick Cutrone (1998-01-03) 3 January 1998 (age 21)10 Flag of Italy.svg Milan v. Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine , 10 October 2018 INJ
FW Mario Balotelli (1990-08-12) 12 August 1990 (age 28)3614 Flag of France.svg Marseille v. Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal , 10 September 2018
FW Andrea Belotti (1993-12-20) 20 December 1993 (age 25)205 Flag of Italy.svg Torino v. Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal , 10 September 2018
FW Pietro Pellegri (2001-03-17) 17 March 2001 (age 18)00 Flag of France.svg Monaco v. Flag of Poland.svg  Poland , 7 September 2018 INJ
FW Antonio Candreva (1987-02-28) 28 February 1987 (age 32)547 Flag of Italy.svg Internazionale v. Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands , 4 June 2018
FW Simone Verdi (1992-07-12) 12 July 1992 (age 26)40 Flag of Italy.svg Napoli v. Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands , 4 June 2018

Previous squads

Records

Most capped players

Gianluigi Buffon is the most capped player in the history of Italy with 176 caps. Gianluigi Buffon (2014).jpg
Gianluigi Buffon is the most capped player in the history of Italy with 176 caps.

As of 26 March 2019, the players with the most appearances for Italy are: [157]

#PlayerPeriodCapsGoals
1 Gianluigi Buffon 1997–20181760
2 Fabio Cannavaro 1997–20101362
3 Paolo Maldini 1988–20021267
4 Daniele De Rossi 2004–201711721
5 Andrea Pirlo 2002–201511613
6 Dino Zoff 1968–19831120
7 Giorgio Chiellini 2004–1018
8 Gianluca Zambrotta 1999–2010982
9 Giacinto Facchetti 1963–1977943
10 Alessandro Del Piero 1995–20089127

Players in bold are still active in the national football team.

Top goalscorers

Luigi Riva is the top scorer in the history of Italy with 35 goals. Gigi Riva, Italia, 1968 (cropped).JPG
Luigi Riva is the top scorer in the history of Italy with 35 goals.

As of 26 March 2019, the players with the most goals for Italy are: [158]

#PlayerPeriodGoalsCapsAverage
1 Luigi Riva (list)1965–197435420.83
2 Giuseppe Meazza 1930–193933530.62
3 Silvio Piola 1935–195230340.88
4 Roberto Baggio 1988–200427560.48
Alessandro Del Piero 1995–200827910.30
6 Adolfo Baloncieri 1920–193025470.53
Filippo Inzaghi 1997–200725570.44
Alessandro Altobelli 1980–198825610.41
9 Christian Vieri 1997–200523490.47
Francesco Graziani 1975–198323640.36

Players in bold are still active in the national football team.

Captains

List of captaincy periods of the various captains throughout the years. [159]

Hat-tricks

Head to head records

For head to head records against other countries, see Italy national football team head to head.

See also

Notes

  1. This edition of the tournament was interrupted due to the annexation of Austria to Nazi Germany on 12 March 1938.
  2. During UEFA Euro 2008, Alessandro Del Piero was named the Italian national team's acting captain, as Cannavaro was injured and unable to take part in the competition, however Gianluigi Buffon was often played as captain as Del Piero was frequently deployed as a substitute. [160] [161] [162]
  3. Gianluigi Buffon served as second acting captain in UEFA Euro 2008 after Alessandro Del Piero was named the team's acting captain, as Cannavaro was injured and unable to take part in the competition, however Del Piero was frequently deployed as a substitute. [162] Although Buffon was officially named Italy's new captain in 2010, [163] following Fabio Cannavaro's retirement subsequent to the 2010 FIFA World Cup, Andrea Pirlo was named the Italian national team's acting captain after the tournament (while Daniele De Rossi was named the team's second acting captain), [163] [164] [165] as Buffon was ruled out until the end of the year due to injury, and only made his first appearance as Italy's official captain on 9 February 2011, in a 1–1 friendly away draw against Germany. [163] [166] [167] [168]

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