UEFA European Championship

Last updated

UEFA European Championship
Founded1958;61 years ago (1958)
RegionEurope (UEFA)
Number of teams24 (finals)
55 (eligible to enter qualification)
Current championsFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal (1st title)
Most successful team(s)Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
(3 titles each)
Website Official website
Soccerball current event.svg UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying

The UEFA European Football Championship (known informally as the Euros) is the primary association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), determining the continental champion of Europe. Held every four years since 1960, in the even-numbered year between World Cup tournaments, it was originally called the European Nations' Cup, changing to the current name in 1968. Starting with the 1996 tournament, specific championships are often referred to in the form "UEFA Euro [year]"; this format has since been retroactively applied to earlier tournaments.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

UEFA international sport governing body

The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football, futsal and beach soccer in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members.

1960 European Nations Cup 1960 edition of the UEFA European Nations Cup

The 1960 UEFA European Nations' Cup was the first European Football Championship, held every four years and endorsed by UEFA. The first tournament was held in France. It was won by the Soviet Union, who beat Yugoslavia 2–1 in Paris after extra time.

Contents

Prior to entering the tournament all teams other than the host nations (which qualify automatically) compete in a qualifying process. The championship winners until 2016 earn the opportunity to compete in the following FIFA Confederations Cup, but are not obliged to do so. [1]

UEFA European Championship qualifying

This page is a summary of the UEFA European Championship qualifying, the process that UEFA-affiliated national association football teams go through in order to qualify for the UEFA European Championship.

The FIFA Confederations Cup was an international association football tournament for men's national teams, held every four years by FIFA. It was contested by the holders of each of the six continental championships, along with the current FIFA World Cup holder and the host nation, to bring the number of teams up to eight.

The 15 European Championship tournaments have been won by ten national teams: Germany and Spain each have won three titles, France has two titles, and Soviet Union, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Netherlands, Denmark, Greece and Portugal have won one title each. To date, Spain is the only team in history to have won consecutive titles, doing so in 2008 and 2012. It is the second most watched football tournament in the world after the FIFA World Cup. The Euro 2012 final was watched by a global audience of around 300 million. [2]

Germany national football team mens national association football team representing Germany

The Germany national football team is the men's football team that has represented Germany in international competition since 1908. It is governed by the German Football Association, founded in 1900. Ever since the DFB was reinaugurated in 1949 the team has represented the Federal Republic of Germany. Under Allied occupation and division, two other separate national teams were also recognised by FIFA: the Saarland team representing the Saarland (1950–1956) and the East German team representing the German Democratic Republic (1952–1990). Both have been absorbed along with their records by the current national team. The official name and code "Germany FR (FRG)" was shortened to "Germany (GER)" following the reunification in 1990.

Spain national football team National association football team representing Spain

The Spain national football team has represented Spain in international men's football competition since 1920. It is governed by the Royal Spanish Football Federation, the governing body for football in Spain.

France national football team mens national association football team representing France

The France national football team represents France in international football and is controlled by the French Football Federation, also known as FFF, or in French: Fédération française de football. The team's colours are blue, white and red, and the coq gaulois its symbol. France are colloquially known as Les Bleus. The French side are the reigning World Cup holders, having won the 2018 FIFA World Cup on 15 July 2018.

The most recent championship, hosted by France in 2016, was won by Portugal, who beat France 1–0 in the final at the Stade de France in Saint-Denis after extra time. The final also attracted 284 million viewers which is the second most viewed game in European tournament history. [3]

UEFA Euro 2016 2016 edition of the UEFA Euro

The 2016 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2016 or simply Euro 2016, was the 15th UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international men's football championship of Europe organised by UEFA. It was held in France from 10 June to 10 July 2016. Spain were the two-time defending champions, having won the 2008 and 2012 tournaments, but were eliminated in the round of 16 by Italy. Portugal won the tournament for the first time, following a 1–0 victory after extra time over the host team, France, in the final played at the Stade de France.

Stade de France French national stadium

Stade de France is the national stadium of France, located just north of Paris in the commune of Saint-Denis. Its seating capacity of 80,698 makes it the eighth-largest stadium in Europe. The stadium is used by the France national football team and French rugby union team for international competition. It is the largest in Europe for track and field events, seating 78,338 in that configuration. Despite that, the stadium's running track is mostly hidden under the football pitch. Originally built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, the stadium's name was recommended by Michel Platini, head of the organising committee. On 12 July 1998, France defeated Brazil 3–0 in the 1998 FIFA World Cup Final contested at the stadium. It will host the opening and closing ceremonies and the athletics events at the 2024 Summer Olympics. It will also host matches for the 2023 Rugby World Cup.

Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis Subprefecture and commune in Île-de-France, France

Saint-Denis is a commune in the northern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 9.4 km (5.8 mi) from the centre of Paris. Saint-Denis is a subprefecture of the department of Seine-Saint-Denis, being the seat of the arrondissement of Saint-Denis.

History

Beginnings

Map of countries' best results. 10 countries have won, counting Germany and West Germany as one UEFA European Championship best results.svg
Map of countries' best results. 10 countries have won, counting Germany and West Germany as one

The idea for a pan-European football tournament was first proposed by the French Football Federation's secretary-general Henri Delaunay in 1927, but it was not until 1958 that the tournament was started, three years after Delaunay's death. [4] [5] In honour of Delaunay, the trophy awarded to the champions is named after him. [6] The 1960 tournament, held in France, had four teams competing in the finals out of 17 that entered the competition. [7] It was won by the Soviet Union, beating Yugoslavia 2–1 in a tense final in Paris. [8] Spain withdrew from its quarter-final match against the USSR because of two political protests. [9] Of the 17 teams that entered the qualifying tournament, notable absentees were England, the Netherlands, West Germany and Italy. [10]

French Football Federation governing body of association football in France

The French Football Federation (FFF) is the governing body of football in France. It also includes the overseas departments and the overseas collectivities and also in Monaco. It was formed in 1919 and is based in the capital, Paris. The FFF was a founding member of FIFA and is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the game of football in France, both professional and amateur. The French Football Federation is a founding member of UEFA and joined FIFA in 1907 after replacing the USFSA, who were founding members.

Henri Delaunay French football administrator

Henri Delaunay was a French football administrator.

Soviet Union national football team Former mens national association football team representing the Soviet Union

The Soviet Union national football team was the national football team of the Soviet Union.

Spain held the next tournament in 1964, which saw an increase in entries to the qualification tournament, with 29 entering; [11] West Germany was a notable absentee once again and Greece withdrew after being drawn against Albania, with whom they were still at war. [12] The hosts beat the title holders, the Soviet Union, 2–1 at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in Madrid. [13]

1964 European Nations Cup 1964 edition of the UEFA European Nations Cup

The 1964 UEFA European Nations' Cup was the second European Championship. The final tournament was held in Spain. It was won by the hosts 2–1 over defending champions Soviet Union.

Greece national football team mens national association football team representing Greece

The Greece national football team represents Greece in international football and is controlled by the Hellenic Football Federation, the governing body for football in Greece. Greece's main home stadiums are located in the capital-city Athens at the Olympic Stadium in Maroussi and in the port of Piraeus at the Karaiskakis Stadium. Greece is one of only ten national teams to have been crowned UEFA European Champions.

Albania national football team mens national association football team representing Albania

The Albania national football team is the men's football team that has represented Albania in international competition since 1946 and is controlled by the Albanian Football Association which is headquartered in the city of Tirana. The team is affiliated with UEFA and competes in the three major professional tournaments, the FIFA World Cup, UEFA European Championship and the UEFA Nations League. Albania was the winner of the 1946 Balkan Cup and the 2000 Malta Rothmans International Tournament. At Euro 2016, Albania made its debut at a major men's football tournament after 50 years. After its completion in 2019, the Arena Kombëtare will be the home ground of the national team. Albania's highest FIFA World Ranking was 22nd in August 2015.

The tournament format stayed the same for the 1968 tournament, hosted and won by Italy. [14] [15] For the first and only time a match was decided on a coin toss (the semi-final Italy vs. Soviet Union) [16] and the final went to a replay, after the match against Yugoslavia finished 1–1. [17] Italy won the replay 2–0. [18] More teams entered this tournament (31), a testament to its burgeoning popularity. [19]

Belgium hosted the 1972 tournament, which West Germany won, beating the USSR 3–0 in the final, with goals coming from Gerd Müller (twice) and Herbert Wimmer at the Heysel Stadium in Brussels. [20] This tournament would provide a taste of things to come, as the German side contained many of the key members of the 1974 FIFA World Cup Champions. [21] [22]

The 1976 tournament in Yugoslavia was the last in which only four teams took part in the final tournament, and the last in which the hosts had to qualify. Czechoslovakia beat West Germany in the newly introduced penalty shootout. After seven successful conversions, Uli Hoeneß missed, leaving Czechoslovakian Antonín Panenka with the opportunity to score and win the tournament. An "audacious" chipped shot, [23] described by UEFA as "perhaps the most famous spot kick of all time" secured the victory as Czechoslovakia won 5–3 on penalties. [24]

Expansion to 8 teams

The competition was expanded to eight teams in the 1980 tournament, again hosted by Italy. It involved a group stage, with the winners of the groups going on to contest the final, and the runners-up playing in the third place play-off. [25] West Germany won their second European title by beating Belgium 2–1, with two goals scored by Horst Hrubesch at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome. [26] Horst Hrubesch scored early in the first half before René Vandereycken equalised for Belgium with a penalty in the second half. With two minutes remaining, Hrubesch headed the winner for West Germany from a Karl-Heinz Rummenigge corner. [27]

France won their first major title at home in the 1984 tournament, with their captain Michel Platini scoring 9 goals in just 5 games, including the opening goal in the final, in which they beat Spain 2–0. [28] [29] The format also changed, with the top two teams in each group going through to a semi-final stage, instead of the winners of each group going straight into the final. The third place play-off was also abolished. [30]

West Germany hosted UEFA Euro 1988, but lost 2–1 to the Netherlands, their traditional rivals, in the semi-finals, which sparked vigorous celebrations in the Netherlands. [31] [32] The Netherlands went on to win the tournament in a rematch of their first game of the group stage, beating the USSR 2–0 at the Olympia Stadion in Munich, [33] a match in which Marco van Basten scored one of the most memorable goals in football history, a spectacular volley over the keeper from the right wing. [34]

UEFA Euro 1992 was held in Sweden, and was won by Denmark, who were only in the finals because UEFA did not allow Yugoslavia to participate as some of the states constituting the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia were at war with each other. [35] [36] The Danes beat holders the Netherlands on penalties in the semi-finals, [37] then defeated world champion Germany 2–0. [38] This was the first tournament in which a unified Germany took part and also the first major tournament to have the players' names printed on their backs.

Expansion to 16 teams

England hosted UEFA Euro 1996, the first tournament to use the nomenclature "Euro [year]" and would see the number of teams taking part double to 16. [39] The hosts, in a replay of the 1990 FIFA World Cup semi-final, were knocked out on penalties by Germany, [40] who would go on to win in the Final 2–1 against the newly formed Czech Republic thanks to the first golden goal ever in a major tournament, scored by Oliver Bierhoff. [41] [42] This was Germany's first title as a unified nation.

UEFA Euro 2000 was the first tournament to be held by two countries, in the Netherlands and Belgium. [43] France, the reigning World Cup champions, were favoured to win, and they lived up to expectations when they beat Italy 2–1 after extra time, having come from being 1–0 down: Sylvain Wiltord equalised in the very last minute of the game and David Trezeguet scored the winner in extra time. [44]

The UEFA Euro 2004 opening ceremony in Portugal. Euro2004OpeningCeremony.jpg
The UEFA Euro 2004 opening ceremony in Portugal.

UEFA Euro 2004, like 1992, produced an upset: Greece, who had only qualified for one World Cup (1994) and one European Championship (1980) before, beat hosts Portugal 1–0 in the final (after having also beaten them in the opening game) with a goal scored by Angelos Charisteas in the 57th minute to win a tournament that they had been given odds of 150–1 to win before it began (being the second least likely team to have any success after Latvia). [45] On their way to the Final, they also beat holders France [46] as well as the Czech Republic with a silver goal, [47] [48] a rule which replaced the previous golden goal in 2003, before being abolished itself shortly after this tournament. [49]

The 2008 tournament, hosted by Austria and Switzerland, marked the second time that two nations co-hosted and the first edition where the new trophy was awarded. [50] It commenced on 7 June and finished on 29 June. [51] The Final between Germany and Spain was held at the Ernst Happel Stadion in Vienna. [52] Spain defeated Germany 1–0, with a goal scored by Fernando Torres in the 33rd minute, sparking much celebration across the country. [53] This was their first title since the 1964 tournament. Spain were the highest scoring team with 12 goals scored and David Villa finished as the top scorer with four goals. Xavi was awarded the player of the tournament, and nine Spanish players were picked for the team of the tournament.

The UEFA Euro 2012 tournament was co-hosted by Poland and Ukraine. [54] Spain defeated Italy 4–0 in the final, thus becoming the first nation to defend a European Championship title and the first nation to win three major international tournaments in succession (Euro 2008, 2010 World Cup, Euro 2012). [55] In scoring the third goal of the Final, Fernando Torres became the first player to score in two European Championship finals. He was equal top scorer for the tournament with three goals in total, along with Mario Balotelli, Alan Dzagoev, Mario Gómez, Mario Mandžukić, and Cristiano Ronaldo, despite only being used as a substitute player. The tournament was otherwise notable for having the most headed goals in a Euro tournament (26 out of 76 goals in total); a disallowed goal in the England versus Ukraine group game which replays showed had crossed the goal line, and which prompted President of FIFA Sepp Blatter to tweet, "GLT (Goal-line technology) is no longer an alternative but a necessity", [56] thus reversing his long-held reluctance to embrace such technology; and some crowd violence in group games.

Expansion to 24 teams

In 2007, the Football Association of Ireland and Scottish Football Association proposed the expansion of the tournament, which was later confirmed by the UEFA Executive Committee in September 2008. [57] [58] Out of the 54 member associations of UEFA, only three including England and Germany opposed the expansion. [59] On 28 May 2010, UEFA announced that Euro 2016 would be hosted by France. France beat bids of Turkey (7–6 in voting in second voting round) and Italy, which had the fewest votes in the first voting round. [60] UEFA Euro 2016 was the first to have 24 teams in the finals. [61] This was the third time France have hosted the competition. Portugal, which qualified for the knock-out phase despite finishing third in its group, went on to win the championship by defeating heavily favoured host team France 1–0 in the final, thanks to a goal from Eder in the 109th minute. Cristiano Ronaldo, Portugal's world renowned striker, came out of the game due to injury in the 25th minute. This was the first time Portugal won a major tournament.

For the 2020 tournament, three bids were proposed, including a bid from Turkey, [62] a joint bid from the Republic of Ireland, Scotland and Wales, [63] and a joint bid from Georgia and Azerbaijan. [64] In December 2012, however, UEFA announced that the 2020 tournament would be hosted in several cities in various countries across Europe. [65] The venues were selected and announced by UEFA on 19 September 2014. [66] However, Brussels was removed as a host city on 7 December 2017 due to delays with the building of the Eurostadium. [67]

Trophy

The current trophy Coupe Henri Delaunay 2017.jpg
The current trophy

The Henri Delaunay Trophy, which is awarded to the winner of the European Championship, is named in honour of Henri Delaunay, the first General Secretary of UEFA, who came up with the idea of a European championship but died five years prior to the first tournament in 1960. His son, Pierre, was in charge of creating the trophy. [68] Since the first tournament it has been awarded to the winning team for them to keep for four years, until the next tournament. This trophy bore the words "Coupe d'Europe", "Coupe Henri Delaunay", and "Championnat d'Europe" on the front and a juggling boy on the back.

For the 2008 tournament, the Henri Delaunay Trophy was remodelled to make it larger, as the old trophy was overshadowed by UEFA's other trophies such as the new European Champion Clubs' Cup. The new trophy, which is made of sterling silver, now weighs 8 kilograms (18 lb) and is 60 centimetres (24 in) tall, being 2 kilograms (4.4 lb) heavier and 18 centimetres (7.1 in) longer than the old one. The marble plinth that was serving as base was removed. The new silver base of the trophy had to be enlarged to make it stable. The names of the winning countries that had appeared on the plaques glued to the plinth are now engraved on the back of the trophy, [69] under the word "Coupe Henri Delaunay" and are written in English rather than French its predecessor had. Oddly, the 1972 and 1980 winning country, West Germany, is written as its successor state, "Germany". Since 2016, the juggling boy was returned on the trophy's back.

The players and coaches of the winning team and the runner-up team are awarded gold and silver medals, respectively. Each association that competes in the final tournament receives a commemorative plaque. Each losing semi-finalist as well as each finalist receive a dedicated plaque. Though there is no longer a third place play-off, UEFA decided in the 2008 edition to award the semi-final losers (Turkey and Russia) bronze medals for the first time, [70] and did the same in the 2012 edition when Germany and Portugal received bronze medals. [71] However, UEFA decided that losing semi-finalists would no longer receive medals from the 2016 edition onwards. [72] Bronze medals were previously awarded for winners of the third place play-off, the last of which was held in 1980.

Format

The competition

Before 1980, only four teams qualified for the final tournament. From 1980, eight teams competed. In 1996 the tournament expanded to 16 teams, since it was easier for European nations to qualify for the World Cup than their own continental championship; 14 of the 24 teams at the 1982, 1986 and 1990 World Cups had been European, whereas the European Championship finals still involved only eight teams.

For 2016, the competition has increased to 24 teams. In 2007, there was much discussion about an expansion of the tournament to 24 teams, started by Scotland and the Republic of Ireland, due to the increased number of football associations in Europe after the break-ups of Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union, and the inclusion of Israel and Kazakhstan. The new president of UEFA, Michel Platini, was reported to be in favour of expansion which proved an accurate assumption. Whilst on 17 April 2007, UEFA's Executive Committee formally decided against expansion in 2012, Platini indicated in June 2008 that UEFA will increase participation from 16 to 24 teams in future tournaments, starting from 2016. [73] On 25 September, it was announced by Franz Beckenbauer that an agreement had been reached, and the expansion to 24 teams would be officially announced the next day. [74]

The competing teams are chosen by a series of qualifying games: in 1960 and 1964 through home and away play-offs; from 1968 through a combination of both qualifying groups and play-off games. The host country was selected from the four finalists after they were determined through qualifying.

Since the expansion of the final tournament starting from 1980, the host country, or countries, have been chosen beforehand and qualify automatically.

Qualifying

To qualify, a team must finish in one of the qualifying spots or win a play-off. After this, a team proceeds to the finals round in the host country, although hosts qualify for the tournament automatically. The qualifying phase begins in the autumn after the preceding FIFA World Cup, almost two years before the finals.

The groups for qualification are drawn by a UEFA committee using seeding. Seeded teams include reigning champions, and other teams on the basis of their performance in the preceding FIFA World Cup qualifying and the last European Championship qualifying. To obtain an accurate view of the teams abilities, a ranking is produced. This is calculated by taking the total number of points won by a particular team and dividing it by the number of games played, i.e. points per game. In the case of a team having hosted one of the two previous competitions and therefore having qualified automatically, only the results from the single most recent qualifying competition are used. If two teams have equal points per game, the committee then bases their positions in the rankings on:

  1. Coefficient from the matches played in its most recent qualifying competition.
  2. Average goal difference.
  3. Average number of goals scored.
  4. Average number of away goals scored.
  5. Drawing of lots.

The qualifying phase is played in a group format, the composition of the groups is determined through means of a draw of teams from pre-defined seeded bowls. The draw takes place after the preceding World Cup's qualifying competition. For UEFA Euro 2012, the group qualifying phase consists of nine groups; six of six teams and the remainder of five teams each.

Each group is played in a league format with teams playing each other home and away. Teams then either qualify for the final tournament or to further playoffs depending on their position in the group. As with most leagues, the points are awarded as three for a win, one for a draw, and none for a loss. In the eventuality of one or more teams having equal points after all matches have been played, the following criteria are used to distinguish the sides:

  1. Higher number of points obtained in the group matches played among the teams in question.
  2. Superior goal difference from the group matches played among the teams in question.
  3. Higher number of goals scored in the group matches played among the teams in question.
  4. Higher number of goals scored away from home in the group matches played among the teams in question.
  5. Results of all group matches:
    1. Superior goal difference
    2. Higher number of goals scored
    3. Higher number of goals scored away from home
    4. Fair play conduct.
  6. Drawing of lots.

Final tournament

Sixteen teams progressed to the final tournament for the 2012 tournament. They were joint hosts Poland and Ukraine, the winners and the highest ranked second placed team from the nine qualifying groups as well as the winners of four play-off matches between the runners-up of the other groups. These sixteen teams were divided equally into four groups, A, B, C and D, each consisting of four teams. The groups were drawn up by the UEFA administration, again using seeding. The seeded teams being the host nations, the reigning champions, subject to qualification, and those with the best points per game coefficients over the qualifying phase of the tournament and the previous World Cup qualifying. Other finalists were assigned to by means of a draw, using coefficients as a basis.

For the 2016 tournament, the expansion to 24 teams means that the teams will be drawn into six groups of four, with the six group winners, six group runners-up and the four best third-placed teams advancing to the round of 16 when it becomes a knockout competition. [72]

The groups are again played in a league format, where a team plays its opponents once each. The same points system is used (three points for a win, one point for a draw, no points for a defeat). A schedule for the group matches will be drawn up, but the last two matches in a group must kick off simultaneously. The winner and runner-up of each group progresses to the next round, where a knockout system is used (the two teams play each other once, the winner progresses), this is used in all subsequent rounds as well. The winners of the quarter-finals matches progress to the semi-finals, where the winners play in the final. If in any of the knockout rounds, the scores are still equal after normal playing time, extra time and penalties are employed to separate the two teams. Unlike the FIFA World Cup, this tournament no longer has a third place playoff.

Results

YearHostFinalThird place playoffNumber of teams
WinnersScoreRunners-upThird placeScoreFourth place
1960
Details
Flag of France.svg  France Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
2–1 ( a.e.t. )Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
2–0Flag of France.svg
France
4
1964
Details
Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Spain Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg
Spain
2–1 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of Hungary.svg
Hungary
3–1( a.e.t. )Flag of Denmark.svg
Denmark
4
1968
Details
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
1–1 ( a.e.t. )
2–0 (replay)
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
Flag of England.svg
England
2–0Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
4
1972
Details
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Flag of Germany.svg
West Germany
3–0 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
Belgium
2–1Flag of Hungary.svg
Hungary
4
1976
Details
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
2–2 ( a.e.t. )
(5–3 p )
Flag of Germany.svg
West Germany
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Netherlands
3–2( a.e.t. )Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
4
1980
Details
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Flag of Germany.svg
West Germany
2–1 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
Belgium
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
1–1 [upper-alpha 1]
(9–8 p )
Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
8
YearHost(s)FinalLosing semi-finalists [upper-alpha 2] Number of teams
WinnerScoreRunner-up
1984
Details
Flag of France.svg  France Flag of France.svg
France
2–0 Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark and Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 8
1988
Details
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Netherlands
2–0 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy and Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 8
1992
Details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Flag of Denmark.svg
Denmark
2–0 Flag of Germany.svg
Germany
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands and Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 8
1996
Details
Flag of England.svg  England Flag of Germany.svg
Germany
2–1 ( a.s.d.e.t. )Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czech Republic
Flag of England.svg  England and Flag of France.svg  France 16
2000
Details
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Flag of France.svg
France
2–1 ( a.s.d.e.t. )Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands and Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 16
2004
Details
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Flag of Greece.svg
Greece
1–0 Flag of Portugal.svg
Portugal
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic and Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 16
2008
Details
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
1–0 Flag of Germany.svg
Germany
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia and Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 16
2012
Details
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
4–0 Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany and Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 16
2016
Details
Flag of France.svg  France Flag of Portugal.svg
Portugal
1–0 ( a.e.t. )Flag of France.svg
France
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany and Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales 24
2020
Details
Flag of Europe.svg Pan-European 24
2024
Details
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 24
  1. No extra time was played.
  2. No third place play-off has been played since 1980; losing semi-finalists are listed in alphabetical order.

Summary

Map of winners. Germany: twice as West Germany and once as united Germany, Russia as Soviet Union and Czech Republic as Czechoslovakia European Football Championship winners.png
Map of winners. Germany: twice as West Germany and once as united Germany, Russia as Soviet Union and Czech Republic as Czechoslovakia
TeamWinnersRunners-up
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 3 (1972 [lower-alpha 1] , 1980 [lower-alpha 1] , 1996)3 (1976 [lower-alpha 1] , 1992, 2008)
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 3 (1964 [lower-alpha 2] , 2008, 2012)1 (1984)
Flag of France.svg  France 2 (1984 [lower-alpha 2] , 2000)1 (2016 [lower-alpha 2] )
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 1 (1960)3 (1964, 1972, 1988)
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1 (1968 [lower-alpha 2] )2 (2000, 2012)
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 1 (1976 [lower-alpha 3] )1 (1996)
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 1 (2016)1 (2004 [lower-alpha 2] )
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1 (1988)
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 1 (1992)
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 1 (2004)
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 2 (1960, 1968)
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 1 (1980)

Records and statistics

See also

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UEFA Euro 1992 1992 edition of the UEFA Euro

The 1992 UEFA European Football Championship was hosted by Sweden between 10 and 26 June 1992. It was the ninth European Football Championship, which is held every four years and supported by UEFA.

UEFA Euro 1980 1980 edition of the UEFA Euro

The 1980 UEFA European Football Championship final tournament was held in Italy. This was the sixth European Football Championship, which is held every four years and endorsed by UEFA. It was the first edition to feature eight teams, taking place between 11 and 22 June 1980. West Germany won the final 2–1 for their second title. This was the last European Championship with a third place play-off.

UEFA Euro 1976 1976 edition of the UEFA Euro

The 1976 UEFA European Football Championship final tournament was held in Yugoslavia. This was the fifth European Football Championship, held every four years and endorsed by UEFA. The final tournament took place between 16 and 20 June 1976.

UEFA Euro 1972 1972 edition of the UEFA Euro

The 1972 UEFA European Football Championship final tournament was held in Belgium. This was the fourth European Football Championship, held every four years and endorsed by UEFA. The final tournament took place between 14 and 18 June 1972.

UEFA Euro 1968 1968 edition of the UEFA Euro

The 1968 UEFA European Football Championship final tournament was held in Italy. This was the third European Football Championship, an event held every four years and organised by UEFA. The final tournament took place between 5 and 10 June 1968.

UEFA Euro 2008 2008 edition of the UEFA Euro

The 2008 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2008 or simply Euro 2008, was the 13th UEFA European Football Championship, a quadrennial football tournament contested by European nations. It took place in Austria and Switzerland from 7 to 29 June 2008.

Latvia national football team mens national association football team representing Latvia

The Latvia national football team represents Latvia in international football and is controlled by the Latvian Football Federation, the governing body for football in Latvia. They have never qualified for the FIFA World Cup, however, they qualified for the European Championship in 2004 under head coach Aleksandrs Starkovs.

Croatia national football team Croatian national association football team

The Croatia national football team represents Croatia in international football matches. The team is controlled by the Croatian Football Federation (HNS), the governing body for football in Croatia. Football is widely supported throughout the country due to the ever-present popularity of the sport. Most home matches are played at the Stadion Maksimir in Zagreb, although other smaller venues are also used occasionally. They are one of the youngest national teams to reach the knockout stage of a major tournament, as well as the youngest team to occupy the top 10 in the FIFA World Rankings.

UEFA Euro 2012 2012 edition of the UEFA Euro

The 2012 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2012 or simply Euro 2012, was the 14th European Championship for men's national football teams organised by UEFA. The final tournament, held between 8 June and 1 July 2012, was co-hosted for the first time by Poland and Ukraine, and was won by Spain, who beat Italy 4–0 in the final at the Olympic Stadium, Kiev, Ukraine.

UEFA European Under-21 Championship European association football tournament for under-21 national teams

The UEFA European Under-21 Championship is a biennial football competition contested by the European men's under-21 national teams of the member associations of UEFA.

Group A of UEFA Euro 2008 is one of four groups competing of nations at UEFA Euro 2008. The group's first round of matches was played on 7 June, with the final round played on 15 June. All six group matches were played at venues in Switzerland, in Basel and Geneva. The group consisted of co-host Switzerland, UEFA Euro 2004 host and finalist Portugal, as well as Czech Republic and Turkey.

UEFA Womens Euro 2013 2013 edition of the UEFA Womens Euro

The 2013 UEFA Women's Championship, commonly referred to as Women's Euro 2013, was the 11th European Championship for women's national football teams organised by UEFA. The final tournament, held in Sweden from 10 to 28 July 2013, became the most-watched in the history of the Women's Euros. It concluded with Germany, the defending champions, winning their sixth consecutive and eighth overall Women's Euro title after defeating Norway in the final.

2015 UEFA European Under-21 Championship 2015 edition of the UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship

The 2015 UEFA European Under-21 Championship was the 20th edition of the UEFA European Under-21 Championship, a biennial international football competition for men's under-21 national teams organised by UEFA. The final tournament was hosted for the first time in the Czech Republic from 15–30 June 2015, after their bid was selected by the UEFA Executive Committee on 20 March 2012 in Istanbul.

The knockout phase of UEFA Euro 2012 began with the quarter-finals on 21 June 2012, and was completed on 1 July 2012 with the final at the Olympic Stadium in Kiev, won by Spain 4–0 against Italy. After the completion of the group stage on 19 June 2012, eight teams qualified for the quarter-finals, which are to be played from 21 to 24 June 2012. Host nations Poland and Ukraine failed to qualify for the quarter-finals, making it only the third time in European Championship history that the host nation(s) failed to make it out of the group stage; at Euro 2000, co-host Belgium were eliminated at the group stage, and at Euro 2008, co-hosts Austria and Switzerland also failed to qualify for the quarter-finals.

UEFA Euro 2020 2020 edition of the UEFA Euro

The 2020 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2020 or simply Euro 2020, is scheduled to be the 16th UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international men's football championship of Europe organised by UEFA.

2017 UEFA European Under-21 Championship

The 2017 UEFA European Under-21 Championship was the 21st edition of the UEFA European Under-21 Championship, a biennial international youth football championship organised by UEFA for the men's under-21 national teams of Europe. The final tournament was hosted in Poland for the first time, after their bid was selected by the UEFA Executive Committee on 26 January 2015 in Nyon, Switzerland. The tournament took place from 16–30 June 2017. Players born on or after 1 January 1994 were eligible for the tournament.

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