Sitting volleyball

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Netherlands versus Japan women's match at the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London London 2012 paralympic volleyball (1).jpg
Netherlands versus Japan women's match at the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London

Sitting volleyball is a form of volleyball for athletes with a disability. As opposed to standing volleyball, sitting volleyball players must have at least one buttock in contact with the floor during the game.

Contents

History

Sitting volleyball was invented in the Netherlands by the Dutch Sport Committee in 1956 as a rehabilitation sport for injured soldiers. [1] [2] In 1958, the first international sitting volleyball contact was held between Germany and Dutch clubteams. [3] It was created as a combination of volleyball and sitzball, a German sport with no net and seated players. Standing volleyball first appeared in the Toronto 1976 Paralympic games as a demonstration sport for athletes with impaired mobility, and both standing and sitting volleyball became officially included as medal sports in the Paralympic games at Arnhem in 1980. Women’s sitting volleyball was added for the Athens 2004 Paralympic Games. [4] After the London 2012 games, VolleySLIDE was founded by Matt Rogers to promote and develop the sport globally. [5] Eight men's and eight women's teams are expected to play in the 2020 Tokyo Paralympic Games. [1]

Rules

Men's sitting volleyball match between a combined US Navy-Coast Guard team and the US Army US Navy 110517-N-CD297-109 Members from Team Navy-Coast Guard volley against members of the U.S. Army sitting volleyball team during a preliminary.jpg
Men's sitting volleyball match between a combined US Navy-Coast Guard team and the US Army

In sitting volleyball, a 7 meter-long, 0.8 meter-wide net is set at 1.15 meters high for men and 1.05 meters high for women. The court is 10 x 6 meters with a 2-meter attack line. The rules are the same as the original form of volleyball with the exceptions that players must have at least one buttock in contact with the floor whenever they make contact with the ball and it is also possible to block the serve. [6] [ self-published source ] [3] Athletes with the following disabilities are eligible to compete in sitting volleyball: athletes with amputations, spinal cord injuries, cerebral palsy, brain injuries and stroke. Classifications of these athletes by disability are placed into two categories: MD and D. MD stands for "Minimally Disabled," and D stands for “Disabled.” While Minimally Disabled athletes have lost only a fraction of their muscular strength and flexibility in a joint preventing them from successfully playing standing volleyball, Disabled athletes have lost all of their muscular strength and flexibility in that joint. Only two MD players are allowed on the roster for the Paralympic Games and only one is allowed on the court at a time; this is to keep the competition fair between rival teams. The rest of the team must be classified as D players. [3] [7]


Skills are largely identical to the sport of volleyball and the following game terminology apply:

Members

List also includes former members (national teams that took part in previous major tournaments).

List of sitting volleyball national teams [8]

Championships

Paralympics

Sitting volleyball was first demonstrated at the Summer Paralympic Games in 1976 and was introduced as a full Paralympic event in 1980. The 2000 games was the last time standing volleyball appeared on the Paralympic programme. The women's sitting volleyball event introduction followed in the 2004 Paralympic Games. [6]

World ParaVolley (formerly WOVD) World Championships

Sitting

Men's Sitting - Past winners

[9]

YearLocationGoldSilverBronze
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1983 Delden Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Germany.svg Germany Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Flag of Norway.svg 1985 Kristiansand Flag of Iran.svg Iran Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Yugoslavia Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Flag of Hungary.svg 1986 Pécs Flag of Iran.svg Iran Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Flag of the United States.svg 1989 Las Vegas Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary Flag of Germany.svg Germany
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1990 Assen Flag of Iran.svg Iran Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Yugoslavia
Flag of Germany.svg 1994 Bottrop Flag of Iran.svg Iran Flag of Norway.svg Norway Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Flag of Iran.svg 1998 Tehran Flag of Iran.svg Iran Flag of Finland.svg Finland Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina
Flag of Egypt.svg 2002 Cairo Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Germany.svg Germany Flag of Iran.svg Iran
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2006 Roermond Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Iran.svg Iran Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt
Flag of the United States.svg 2010 Edmond Flag of Iran.svg Iran Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt
Flag of Poland.svg 2014 Elblag Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil Flag of Iran.svg Iran
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2018 The Hague Flag of Iran.svg Iran Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine
  • Ranking
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Iran.svg  Iran  (IRI)71210
2Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina  (BIH)3216
3Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)2136
4Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)0213
5Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)0202
6Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)0112
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia  (YUG)0112
8Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)0101
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)0101
10Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt  (EGY)0022
11Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)0011
Totals (11 nations)12121236

Women's Sitting - Past winners

YearLocationGoldSilverBronze
Flag of Germany.svg 1994 Bottrop Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2000 Maastricht Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Finland.svg Finland Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Flag of Slovenia.svg 2002 Kamnik Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2006 Roermond Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Flag of the United States.svg 2010 Edmond Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Flag of the United States.svg United States Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine
Flag of Poland.svg 2014 Elblag Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Flag of the United States.svg United States Flag of Russia.svg Russia
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2018 Rotterdam Flag of Russia.svg Russia Flag of the United States.svg United States Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
  • Ranking
RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)4004
2Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)2114
3Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)1012
4Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)0303
5Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia  (SLO)0123
6Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)0112
7Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia  (LAT)0101
8Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania  (LTU)0011
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)0011
Totals (9 nations)77721

Standing

Beach

ParaVolley Europe (formerly ECVD) European Championships

Men's Sitting - Past winners

[9]

YearLocationGoldSilverBronze
Flag of Germany.svg 1981 Bonn Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Germany.svg Germany Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg 1987 Sarajevo Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Yugoslavia
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 1991 Nottingham Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Flag of Finland.svg 1993 Järvenpää Flag of Norway.svg Norway Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Flag of Slovenia.svg 1995 Ljubljana Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary
Flag of Estonia.svg 1997 Tallinn Flag of Finland.svg Finland Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg 1999Sarajevo Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Germany.svg Germany Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Flag of Hungary.svg 2001 Sárospatak Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Germany.svg Germany
Flag of Finland.svg 2003 Lappeenranta Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Germany.svg Germany Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Flag of Germany.svg 2005 Leverkusen Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Germany.svg Germany Flag of Russia.svg Russia
Flag of Hungary.svg 2007 Nyíregyháza Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Russia.svg Russia Flag of Germany.svg Germany
Flag of Poland.svg 2009 Elblag Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Russia.svg Russia Flag of Germany.svg Germany
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 2011 Rotterdam Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Russia.svg Russia Flag of Germany.svg Germany
Flag of Poland.svg 2013Elblag Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Russia.svg Russia Flag of Germany.svg Germany
Flag of Germany.svg 2015 Warendorf Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Germany.svg Germany Flag of Russia.svg Russia
Flag of Croatia.svg 2017 Poreč Flag of Russia.svg Russia Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina
Flag of Hungary.svg 2019 Budapest Flag of Russia.svg Russia Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Flag of Germany.svg Germany

Women's Sitting - Past winners

YearLocationGoldSilverBronze
1993 Flag of Finland.svg Jarvenpaa Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Finland.svg Finland Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia
1995 Flag of Slovenia.svg Ljubljana Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
1997 Flag of Estonia.svg Tallinn Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
1999 Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Sarajevo Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia Flag of Finland.svg Finland Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
2001 Flag of Hungary.svg Sarospatak Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia Flag of Finland.svg Finland
2003 Flag of Finland.svg Lappeenranta Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia Flag of Finland.svg Finland
2005 Flag of Germany.svg Leverkusen Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
2007 Flag of Hungary.svg Nyiregyhaza Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
2009 Flag of Poland.svg Elblag Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
2011 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Rotterdam Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands Flag of Russia.svg Russia
2013 Flag of Poland.svg Elblag Flag of Russia.svg Russia Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
2015 Flag of Slovenia.svg Podcetrtek Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine Flag of Russia.svg Russia Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
2017 Flag of Croatia.svg Poreč Flag of Russia.svg Russia Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
2019 Flag of Hungary.svg Budapest Flag of Russia.svg Russia Flag of Italy.svg Italy Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. 1 2 "Sitting Volleyball." Tokyo 1500. https://tokyo2020.org/en/games/sport/paralympic/sitting-volleyball/.
  2. "ParaVolley & Deaf Volleyball". www.volleyballaustralia.org.au. Retrieved 2020-10-15.
  3. 1 2 3 “Sitting Volleyball: Paralympic Classification Interactive.” Team USA, United States Olympic Committee, 2019, www.teamusa.org/US-Paralympics/athlete-classifications/standing- volleyball/.
  4. "Sport Week: History of Sitting Volleyball." Official Website of the Paralympic Movement, 2016. https://www.paralympic.org/news/sport-week-history-sitting-volleyball/.
  5. "VolleySlide Founder and Leader. World ParaVolley VolleySLIDE. http://www.volleyslide.net/founder-leader/4583509203/.
  6. 1 2 Ng, Kwok (2012). When Sitting is Not Resting: Sitting Volleyball. Bloomington, IL: Authorhouse. p. 152. ISBN   978-1-4772-1789-4.
  7. “Sitting Volleyball.” UCO, sites.uco.edu/wellness/sr/trainingsite/tssitvolleyball.asp.
  8. "Sitting Volleyball Rankings > World ParaVolley".
  9. 1 2 Kwok Ng (26 September 2016). "Major Competitions". www.sittingvolleyball.info. Retrieved 26 September 2016.