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|Highest governing body||International Ringette Federation|
|First played||1963 in Espanola, Ontario, Canada|
|Team members||6 players per side|
|Type||Team sport, winter sport|
|Equipment||Ringette ring, ringette stick, ice hockey skates, protective gear|
Ringette is a winter team sport created in Canada. Ringette players use ice skates and a straight stick to pass and shoot a hollow rubber ring. The sport uses an ice rink as its playing surface and is played on either an indoor or outdoor surface. The game objective is to outscore the opposing team by beating the opponents goaltender. Two teams face off simultaneously. Play involves six players on each team with five skaters and one goaltender for each side. The sport is played predominantly by girls and women.
The off-ice variation based on the ice sport is called gym ringette.
The sport is played on an ice surface, usually an ice hockey rink, while wearing ice skates.The ice skate model in official use today is the same design used in the team sport of ice hockey as opposed to the ice skate model used in the team sport of bandy or figure skating.
The sport uses a blue rubber pneumatic ring. In regards to sticks, with the exception of goaltenders who use a stick designed for their specific position, all players use a straight stick ending in a rectangular shaped drag-tip that includes ridges around its circumference, usually made of plastic. One of the sport's recognizable features is its absence of intentional body contact as a strategic component. Body checkinghas never been a tactic in the sport and is penalized.
While there have been, on rare occasions, more recent attempts to organize and pilot entirely male ringette teams and leagues among youththe sport since its inception has been developed and administered as a sport strictly for females rather than males. As a result, all elite ringette players in the sport are female athletes rather than male, both nationally and internationally.
The World Ringette Championships is the elite international amateur competition for the sport, the first of which took place in Canada in 1990. According to the International Ringette Federation (IRF) the next World Ringette Championships (WRC) will be held in 2022 from October 31 - November 6. Finland will be hosting the event.In Canada, ringette is also included in the Canada Winter Games.
In the sport's founding nation of Canada, the nation's elite ringette players compete in the National Ringette League (NRL). The final competition is held annually at the Canadian Ringette Championships. The winning team in the NRL division is awarded the Jeanne Sauvé Memorial Cupnamed after the late Governor General of Canada, Jeanne Sauvé. Initially coined the Jeanne Sauvé Cup and initiated in December 1984, it was first presented at the 1985 Canadian Ringette Championships in Dollard des Ormeaux, Québec. It is now entitled the Jeanne Sauvé Memorial Cup, in memory of the late Governor General of Canada and is awarded to the best team in the National Ringette League.
Since its beginning in 1963, ringette has spread to the United States, Finland, Sweden, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, and unofficially to the United Arab Emirates.
Required equipment for ringette is similar to ice hockey:
Ringette sticks have tapered ends, with plastic drag-tips specially designed with grooves to increase the lift and velocity of the wrist shot. A ringette stick is also reinforced to withstand the body weight of a player – a ring carrier leans heavily on his/her stick to prevent opposing players from removing the ring. Sticks are flexible and lightweight to bend without breaking.
According to the first set of ringette rules drafted in 1963, in a meeting with the Northern Ontario Recreation Directors Association (NORDA) it was recognized that while both girls broomball and girls ice hockey programs were already available, they were nevertheless unsuccessful in drawing in and maintaining female participation during the winter season. It also observed criticism that their sports programs tended to be too "male-oriented". Ringette was created in the hopes of correcting this problem in the administration of sport for females in these regional areas.
NORDA was a regional organization composed of members from a large area that included the Ontario communities of North Bay, Espanola, Deep River, Elliot Lake, Huntsville, Sturgeon Falls, Timmins, Sault Ste. Marie, Sudbury, Onaping and Phelps, as well as Témiscaming, Québec.
The sport was officially invented in 1963 by the two founders of ringette, Sam Jacks, from West Ferris, Ontario, director of Parks and Recreation for the city of North Bay, Ontario and Mirl "Red" McCarthy, recreation director for the town of Espanola, Ontario. The game was initially experimented with among various high school girls hockey teams in the area. The title of "birthplace of ringette" is shared by both North Bay, Ontario, and Espanola, Ontario, where the first game was played in the fall of 1963 under the direction of McCarthy. However, Sam Jacks is credited as the sport's visionary and was inducted into the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame as a "Builder" in 2007 post-humously.
After the creation or ringette, Sam Jacks stated that he wanted the Northern Ontario Recreation Directors Association (NORDA) to receive credit for the game's success as well as its birth.
A popular myth surrounding the origin story of ringette in Canada proposes the idea that girls were not allowed to play ice hockey and that this was the reason why the sport of ringette was created.However, by the 1960's, girls and women had been playing ice hockey in Canada since the late 1900's.
Another popular yet unsubstantiated claim involves the belief that Canadian parents entered their daughters in ringette rather than female ice hockey due to sexism and male chauvinism prior to the inclusion of women's ice hockey in the winter Olympic program in 1998. However, unlike ringette, bodycheckingwas still allowed in female ice hockey right up until the first women's world ice hockey championships in 1990, when team Canada, Team USA and some European countries used the tactic against countries with less experience. This resulted in a number of injured players and made the women's game less attractive to other competing nations. As a consequence, body checking was removed from the women's ice hockey game, the change being adopted internationally. Female ice hockey has not reintroduced body checking. In addition, once the female version of ice hockey eliminated bodychecking, registrations actually saw an increase. Conversely, the sport of ringette had never included bodychecking, helping the sport attract female players, almost thirty years before bodychecking was eliminated from female ice hockey.
Unlike the majority of the twentieth century, female ice hockey in the late twentieth to twenty-first century excludes bodychecking entirely and biological differences between biological males and biological females have been established through scientific research. In competitions between biological teenage male ice hockey players and elite biological women ice hockey players, competition has illustrated that a physiological advantage in biological males still exists regardless of the exclusion of bodychecking.
The first time the name "ringette" is mentioned was at the NORDA meetings held on January 20 and 21, 1963 in Sudbury, Ontario. Sam Jacks advised the group that "he had been working on a new girls' court game". Jacks had first considered an inside floor game for females, presumably based on his previous success with floor hockey.
At their September 15 and 16, 1963 meeting at North Bay's RCAF base, Sam Jacks informed the group that he would "like to have NORDA receive credit as a body for the birth of this game." Each one of the sports directors left this meeting agreeing to develop the game in their own community and report their findings at the next NORDA meeting in early 1964.
Under the guidance of Mirl Arthur "Red" McCarthy, the first game of ringette was held between a group of Espanola high school female ice hockey players at the Espanola Arena in the fall of 1963. He wrote up a set of rules and created a ring for this occasion, still on display inside the Espanola arena.
In 1963–1964, McCarthy's original ringette rules became experimental in the following Northern Ontario and Quebec communities:
McCarthy presented a written list of rules which he had developed, combined with comments and observations to NORDA at their meeting at Moose Lake Lodge in Onaping, Ontario (Sudbury), on January 19 and 20, 1964.
In 1964–1965, Sudbury, Ontario formed the first ever ringette league, comprising four teams. Diana Heit, assistant program director of Sudbury Parks and Recreation department, helped the teams with schedules, rules, and coaching.
On March 5, 1966, the first invitational tournament, the Northern Ontario and Quebec championships, was held in Temiscaming, Quebec. The tournament took place with five teams participating: North Bay Police Playground, Sudbury Rose Marie Playground, Sudbury East End Playground, Temiscaming Reds, and Temiscaming Whites. The tournament was won by the Temiscaming Reds team. This historic tournament created many firsts for the game of ringette:
Ringette was introduced in North Bay on January 21, 1965, at the Kiwanis Playground with teams from Kiwanis and Police zones participating. The game ended in a 5–5 overtime tie. Attempts were being made to form a four-team league.Growth in ringette came slowly to North Bay as ice time was seldom available. It was not until 1971-72 that West Ferris, Ontario, today part of North Bay, had a four-team league operating.
Ringette was introduced to the province of Québec by Bob Reid, director of recreation for Témiscaming, secretary, and chairman of NORDA.
By 1965–66, NORDA decided that they had carried the game about as far as it could go. The Society of Directors of Municipal Recreation of Ontario (SDMRO) was chosen to develop and organize it further on a larger scale.
By 1973, an agreement was worked out between SDMRO and the Ontario Ringette Association (ORA) where the copyright to the Official Ringette Rules would be held by the ORA. Finally, in 1983 in agreement with the ORA, these rights were acquired by Ringette Canada.
The West Ferris Arena, today called the West Ferris Centennial Community Centre, was built in 1967, four years after the birth of the sport in 1963 at the Espanola arena. The West Ferris arena, surrounding ball fields, and tennis courts is together called the Sam Jacks Recreational Complex.
After Sam Jacks died in May 1975, his wife Agnes promoted the game and acted as an ambassador for the sport until her own death in April 2005. She was awarded the Order of Canada.
The recreational format of the game is 2 halves with 16 to 24 minutes in each period.
However, in the National Ringette League the format of the game is 4 quarters, 13 minutes each with a 10 to 12 minute break between the second and third quarters.
Only six players on each team are permitted on the ice at one time, one centre, two forwards, two defenders, and a goaltender.
The red line at the top of the defensive circles is called the Ringette Line. It marks the restricted area of each team's attacking/defending zones. Only three players from each team, plus the defending goaltender, are permitted into the restricted areas.
A team may pull the goalie off the ice and one more player may go in the offensive or defensive end. If the goalie is pulled and the play returns to that team's defensive end, one skater may become an acting goaltender. Once they enter the crease, they are bound by the same rules as a regular goaltender. If a team pulls the goalie without adding an additional player to the ice, the goalie may return to the defensive end.
The game begins with the visiting team receiving control of the ring on the defending half of the center circle. This is formally called a 'Center Ice Free Pass' and more commonly known as a 'Center Free Ring'. One player from the visiting team must pass the ring to another player within five seconds, without leaving the half circle or crossing the centre line, or else possession is lost and granted to the home team. A Center Free Ring will also happen after half time to start the second period, as well as when the play is interrupted.
Players are not permitted to carry the ring over the two blue lines; they must advance the ring over the line only by passing it to another player. The ring must be touched by any other player first, but does not need to be under control before the passer take possession again (e.g., the passer bounces the ring off a player's skate and then picks it up). If a player touches the ring consecutively on both sides of the blue line their team loses possession and the opposing team is given a free pass. If the ring goes over both blue lines, the team that passed it may not touch it until the opposing team touches the ring.
If a goaltender throws the ring across the blue line, a delayed violation is signalled. The goaltender may use their stick to pass the ring over the blue line.
If the violation is non-intentional, the team in violation will lose possession of the ring and have it granted to the non-offending team. If the violation is deemed intentional, a delay of game penalty is assessed (rare). If an intentional violation occurs in the last two minutes of the game, a penalty shot is awarded instead. The Extended Zone Line is also known as the "ringette line".
The crease is the area in front of the net defined by a red semi circle on the ice. Goaltenders are the only players permitted in the crease. If a member of the team with ring possession violates the crease with a stick, skate, etc., the play is stopped and the goalie receives the ring. If any member of the non-possession team violates the crease, their team cannot touch the ring for five seconds (counted by the referee), or possession of the ring is given to the other team.
When the ring enters the crease, the goaltender then has five seconds to throw, pass with stick, deflect, or push the ring out to another player. If the goalie does not pass it within five seconds, the ring is awarded to the other team for a free pass from one of the defensive free play circles. The goalie may use the stick to touch the ring outside the crease, and can also pass through the crease, but may not pull it into the crease unless they pull it all the way through and out with one motion. Otherwise, this results in a loss of possession, and a penalty if they have already been given a warning. The goalie may not pick up or cover the ring with their glove outside the crease. The goalie can push the ring with a hand when outside the crease, as can any other player.
The team in possession of the ring has 30 seconds to shoot, though this rule does not apply to the younger teams (Bunny/U8, and Novice/U10). The shot clock is reset when possession of the ring changes teams, when the ring stops in the goaltender's crease, or when the ring bounces off of the goalie or the front of the goal posts. The shot clock is only applied in competitive levels, starting at the petite level (U12).
A violation is a minor penalty called for violations of game play rules, usually due to improper movement or handling of the ring. Common violations include entering the crease, touching the ring on either side of the blue line, four players in the zone and 2 (blue) line passes.
If a violation is committed by the team in possession of the ring, play is stopped immediately. The ring is awarded to the opposing team in the zone the violation occurred. If a violation is committed by the team not in possession of the ring, a 'delayed violation' is signaled by the official (arm raised with a 90 degree bend at the elbow) and a 5-second count begins. If the team in violation touches the ring within that time period, play is stopped and the violation is assessed. If the count expires, the violation is dropped and play continues.
If a violation occurs that would award the defending team a free pass in their own zone, the ring is given to the goaltender as a "goalie ring". Play resumes immediately when the goaltender receives the ring. Time is not provided for teams to perform line changes as can be done on a free pass, although on-the-fly changes are permitted as in normal play.
Penalties in ringette have the same concept as in hockey, with the notable exception that less body contact is allowed, and fighting has a zero-tolerance policy. Penalties are of the following classes:
-- body contact, slashing, tripping, boarding, charging and any other physical contact penalty, and unsportsmanlike can become a four-minute major penalty depending on the severity and roughness. Players may also receive multiple penalties at the same time for a combination of four or more minutes.
When a penalty is assessed against the goalie, a teammate on the ice at the time of the offence must serve it.
If the team not in control of the ring commits a penalty, play is not stopped until the penalized team gains control. This is called a delayed penalty. A minor penalty is nullified if a goal is scored during the delay, unless penalties of equal class were called on both teams. While the penalty is delayed, the attacking team can add a sixth skater to the ice by pulling their goalie. This player can enter the play zone as the fourth attacker.
A team can work off at most two penalties at a time. If a team commits a third penalty, the penalized player sits in the penalty box, but her interval does not start until the first of the other penalties expires (and so forth if there are more penalties). A team plays with a minimum of three skaters on the ice, regardless of the number of penalties. If freeing a player from the penalty box would give the team more players on the ice than it is entitled to (such as when the team is down to three attackers, but there are two other players in the penalty box), she will not be freed until a whistle stops play. During the stoppage, the team must remove one player from the ice to return to its proper strength.
A team with two penalties can have only two players (instead of the usual three) in its defensive zone. But if a third person is active in the defensive zone while two man down a third penalty will be called. If there is a third penalty that penalty time does not start till the first penalty is over. All three players may enter the offensive zone.
Ringette is currently not in the Olympics. Outreach efforts by officials in both Canada and Finland to have the sport recognized by the International Olympic Committee for inclusion have not been successful, since the sport is active in few countries.Marketing methods have included using social media as well as word of mouth.
In the 2017-2018 Canadian ringette season, more than 30,000 players were registered; which is the highest known participation for a season.Decreases in the number of ringette athletes have been attributed to women's hockey being recognized officially as an Olympic sport in 1998. Robyn Nimegeers, a former ringette athlete that had switched to hockey, said that "When I was younger I wanted to play in the Olympics and stuff like that and ringette wasn't in the Olympics". According to Shelley Coolidge, who is the manager of female hockey development for the Canadian Hockey Association, most women who join hockey appear to participating in sports for the first time and that there is no way to distinguish whether or not participation in women's hockey limits participation in ringette.
There are several levels of play in Ringette, categorized by age. Divisions were recently renamed as U* divisions under the new Long Term Development Plan (LTDP) rolled out nationally by Ringette Canada for the 2009-10 ringette season:
NRL Known as the National Ringette league, for elite players aged 18+
In 2010 the league put back in place previous age groups.
Boys are permitted to play at any age level but are restricted to competing at the "B" level or lower in many places, however efforts to include male players at the AA level is increasing. It isn't uncommon to see boys participating above U9 or U6 divisions in some provinces. Due to the pure speed of the sport, skating is emphasized at these levels. Levels of competition, based on skill, range from recreational to competitive, and include: Rec, C, B, BB, A, and AA and AAA, with AA being the highest level at which league competition occurs. AAA ringette is typically specific to particular regions who feel another category is necessary to clarify their league or tournament play. For example: AAA teams out of Quebec have played AA teams out of Alberta at various tournaments, including the National Championships. In Alberta, the highest level considered is AA, although they are deemed equal to the AAA teams from areas such as Quebec. For those who like the hockey parallel, playing AA ringette is the same as playing AAA hockey. The National Ringette League was introduced in 2004–2005 season and includes open-aged players at AA/AAA level.
The National Ringette League (also indicated by the initials NRL) is an elite league of ringette in Canada. The NRL groups together the very best players over the age of 19 in Canada. The NRL consists of fifteen teams separated into two conferences. The Western Conference has 5 teams and the Eastern Conference has 10 teams. The NRL recovers directly from Ringette Canada, the guiding organisation for Ringette in Canada.
The Championnats Canadien d'Ringuette/Canadian Ringette Championships took place for the first time in 1979 in Winnipeg, Manitoba.This tournament was conceived so as to be able to determine who are the Canadian champions in the categories Under-16 years, Under-19 years and Open (replaced by the National Ringette League since 2008). The Canadian Championships of ringette usually take place in April of every year.
|Year (Host City)||U16 (Junior)||U19 (Belle)||Open/NRL|
|2021 (Calgary, AB)|
|2020 (Ottawa, ON)|
|2019 (Charlottetown & Summerside, PE)||Calgary Core (AB4)||Guelph Predators (ON1)||Calgary Rath|
|2018 (Winnipeg, MB)||Bonivital Angels (Manitoba)||Laurentides (Quebec)||Atlantic Attack|
|2017 (Leduc, AB)||NB1 (New Brunswick)||Bonivital Angels (Manitoba)||Cambridge Turbos|
|2016 (London, ON)||Laurentides (Quebec)||Guelph Predators (Ontario)||Cambridge Turbos|
|2015 (Wood Buffalo, AB)||BVRA Angels (Manitoba)||Nepean Ravens (Ontario)||Cambridge Turbos|
|2014 (Regina, SK)||Guelph Predators (Ontario)||Winnipeg Magic (Manitoba)||Ottawa Ice|
|2013 (Fredericton, NB)||LMRL Thunder (British Columbia)||Nepean Ravens (Ontario)||Calgary Rath|
|2012 (Burnaby, BC)||NB1 (New Brunswick)||St. Clement Rockets (Ontario)||LMRL Thunder|
|2011 (Cambridge, ON)||Alberta||Quebec||Edmonton WAM!|
|2010 (Saskatoon, SK)||Alberta||Ontario||Edmonton WAM!|
|2009 (Charlottetown, PEI)||Ontario||Alberta||Cambridge Turbos|
|2008 (St. Albert, AB)||Alberta Host||Ontario||Cambridge Turbos|
|2007 (Halifax, NS)||Saskatchewan||Quebec||Alberta|
|2006 (Longueil, QE)||Quebec||Manitoba||Ontario|
|2005 (Winnipeg, MB)||Quebec||Alberta||Alberta|
|2004 (Calgary, AB)||Manitoba||Ontario||Alberta|
|2003 (Waterloo, ON)||Manitoba||Ontario||Alberta|
|2002 (Regina, SK)||Alberta||Manitoba||Ontario|
|2001 (Moncton, NB)||Manitoba||Alberta||Alberta|
The annual competition groups together Canadian universitiesin 2 conferences and is organized by the association Canadian University Ringette
|Year (Host University)||Tier 1||Tier 2|
|2020 (Wilfrid Laurier University)|
|2019 (Wilfrid Laurier University)||University of Calgary||Dalhousie University|
|2018 (University of Guelph)||University of Calgary||Wilfrid Laurier University|
|2017 (University of Guelph)||University of Ottawa||McMaster University|
|2016 (University of Calgary)||University of Calgary||N/A|
|2015 (University of Calgary)||University N. Alberta||N/A|
|2014 (Nipissing University)||University N. Alberta||University of Guelph|
|2013 (Nipissing University)||University of Alberta||McMaster University|
|2012 (University of Western Ontario)||University of Alberta||McMaster University|
|2011 (University of Western Ontario)||University of Calgary||University of Western Ontario|
|2010 (Brock University)||University of Calgary||University of Western Ontario|
|2009 (Brock University)||University of Calgary||University of Western Ontario|
|2008 (Ottawa)||University of Calgary||N/A|
|2007 (Ottawa)||University of Calgary||N/A|
|2006||University of Ottawa||N/A|
|2005 (University of Manitoba)||University of Calgary||N/A|
|2004 (Winnipeg)||University of Calgary||N/A|
|2003||College of Saint-Boniface||N/A|
|2002||College of Saint-Boniface||N/A|
|2001||University of Manitoba, Team A||N/A|
|2000||College of Saint-Boniface||N/A|
|1999||University of Winnipeg||N/A|
The Canada Winter Games are a multi-sport competition of two weeks duration. The Canada Games represent an important national competition. Twenty one sports appear. Ringette takes part in the event during one of two weeks of the Canada Games. Usually the competition begins on Mondays followed by the semi-final on Friday evening and of the National final on Saturdays. The best ringette athletes of ten provinces meet under the banner of teams of each of the provinces there. The Winter Games are held in every 4 years.
The provinces of Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario have competed in the Eastern Canadian Ringette Championships (ECRC) in the following 4 divisions since 2002: (U14AA, U16A, U19A and 18+ A).
The provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia have competed annually in the Western Canadian Ringette Championships (WCRC) since 2003, at the levels of U14AA, U16A, U19A, and 18+ A.
Some of the Canada's national level ringette players have also played for the Canadian women's national bandy team. Their best results are 4th at the 2007 Women's Bandy World Championship and 2010.
Canada's first goal scored in the nations history of organized women's bandy was by Lindsay Burns.Burns has also played for Canada's National Ringette Team.
Internationally, half-a-dozen countries currently participate and organize in the sport of Ringette, particularly those situated in the Northern Hemisphere. Ringette is currently organized and played in the countries of Canada, Finland, Sweden, United States, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Russia, with the largest community in Canada. In Canada over 50,000 participants register annually.
Elite level ringette leagues are present in Scandinavia and in Canada.
Canada, Finland and Sweden are members of the International Ringette Federation (IRF) established in 1986. Canada and Finland have always been the most active ambassadors in the International Federation. Canada and Finland regularly travel across various countries to demonstrate how ringette is played. Canadian teams have demonstrated in countries including Japan, Australia, Iceland, and New Zealand.
In 2012, the International Ringette Federation announced new promotional activities in Norway, Slovakia, as well as in South Korea.
In 1979, Juhani Wahlsten, also known as "Juuso" Wahlsten, introduced ringette in Finland.Wahlsten created some teams in Turku. Finland's first ringette club was Ringetteläisiä Turun Siniset and the country's first ringette tournament took place in December, 1980. In 1979 Juhani Wahlsten invited two coaches Wendy King and Evelyn Watson from Dollard des Ormeaux ( a suburb of Montreal Quebec. Canada to teach girls of various ages how to play ringette
The Ringette Association of Turku was established in 1981 and several Canadian coaches went there to make of the training and formation. The ski national week then organized an annual tournament to bring together all the ringette teams.
The National Association of Ringuette of Finland was created in 1983.
The 1985 tournament included several hundred girls. It became impossible to combine into a single event all the age groups and all the categories of players.
The visit of different Canadian teams in the winter of 1986 increased the popularity of the sport. Currently 10,000 young Finnish girls participate in 31 ringette clubs. Several cities have important clubs: Naantali, Turku, Uusikaupunki.
Finnish ringette takes place at the local amateur level to the professional level with the elite league Ringeten SM-Sarja .This professional women league established in 1987 and consists of eight clubs in 2011–2012 season:
The Swedish Ringette Association, Svenska Ringetteförbundet , is a special sports association for ringette. It was formed in 1994 and was elected as an associate member of the Swedish Sports Confederation, Riksidrottsförbundet, in 2003.The association's office is located in Solna .
Ringette was introduced to Sweden in the 1980s.The first ringette club was Ulriksdals, in Stockholm. The national federation of ringette was established in 1990 and the elite league Ringetteförbundet was established in 1994. The league groups together 7 professional women clubs:
Several junior teams, and numerous amateur teams are connected with these 7 semi-pro clubs. Most Swedish ringette associations are located in the Mälardalen region.There are programs of "twin towns" between Swedish ringette association and Canadian associations for the development of the sport within the Swedish population. More than 6,000 girls are registered annually.
The National Ringette Team of the USA competes regularly at the World Ringette Championships. The two major national sporting organization for ringette in the USA are USA Ringetteand Team USA Ringette.
At the beginning, the World Ringette Championships were held every other year. But since the world championship of 2004 held in Sweden, the World Championships are held once every three years. The winning national team is awarded the Sam Jacks Trophy.
The first World Championships were held in 1990 in the city of Gloucester in Ontario, Canada. Three countries participated: Canada,Finland and United States, sending a total of 8 teams. Finland finished seventh and the United States eighth while Canadian teams monopolized the podium.
The second world Championship took place in 1992 in Helsinki, in Finland. There were two Canada teams,Finland, United States, France, Sweden and Russia.
The third World Championship was played in 1994 in Minnesota, United States. There were two Canada teams,Finland, United States, Sweden and Russia. Finland won the World Cup, its very first world championship.
The 1996 World Championships took place in Stockholm, Sweden. Canadawon the gold medal beating Finland 6–5 in extra time.
Since 1994, these two countries (Canada and Finland) have battled for the world title. Finland took it in 1994 and in 2000,while Canada won the gold medal in 1996 and in 2002. The victory by Canada in 2002 is particularly notable. Having been defeated by the score 4–3 in extra time against Finland in 2000, Canada took its revenge by defeating their arch-rival by the score 3–1 in front of an arena filled with about 4,000 supporters in Edmonton, Alberta. The final match was broadcast on CBC and followed by 544,000 Canadian televiewers.
Since the 2004 World Championships, Finland has dominated.The 2004 World championships were played in Stockholm, where Finland took the world championship by crushing 9-3 Canada in the final.
In 2007, the World Championships were played in Ottawa, Canada. ·. Sweden won its first medal in the World Ringette Championship (a bronze medal) by beating 10-9 United States in overtime.The final game required overtime after Finnish player Marjukka Virta tied the game 4–4, and Anne Pohjola scored allowing Finland to overcome Canada 5-4
In 2010, Finlandwon its fifth world title in front of 10,000 spectators in Tampere by again beating Canada. The United States had their revenge on Sweden defeating them 19–1.
The 2013 World Championships marked the 50th anniversary of the sport and took place in North Bay, Ontario, Canada.
|Gloucester, Ontario, Canada||Alberta||Ontario||Quebec|
|Helsinki, Finland||Canada West||Canada East||Finland|
|Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States||Finland||Canada East||Canada West|
|Stockholm, Sweden||Canada||Finland||United States|
|Helsinki, Finland||Finland||Canada||United States|
|Edmonton, Alberta, Canada||Canada||Finland||United States|
|Stockholm, Sweden||Finland||Canada||United States|
|Ottawa, Ontario, Canada||Finland||Canada||Sweden|
|Tampere, Finland||Finland||Canada||United States|
|North Bay, Ontario, Canada||Finland||Canada||United States|
|Mississauga, Ontario, Canada||Finland||Canada||Sweden|
|Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada|| Finland (Sr.team)|
Sweden (President's pool)
| Canada (Sr.team)|
United States (President's pool)
|Czech Republic (President's pool)|
In November 2008, the First World Championship of Ringette Clubsinvolved six of the world's best clubs. The international tournament took place in Sault Ste-Marie, Canada. Four teams from the National Ringette League and 2 teams from the league of Finnish league Ringeten SM-Sarja participate in it: Cambridge Turbos, Montreal Mission, Calgary RATH, Richmond Hill Lightning participate with EKS-Espoo and LuKi-82 Luvia 75. The Tournament is taken gained by the Cambridge Turbos.
The Second World Championships of Ringette Clubs belong to Turku, in Finland,from December 27, 2011 till January 1, 2012. Canada is represented by two teams, namely the reigning world champion of clubs, the Cambridge Turbos, and by the Richmond Hill Lightning. 3 clubs represent Finland: Lapinlahden Luistin-89, Luvian Kiekko-82, Raision Nuorisokiekko Ry. The Swedish club Ulriksdals SK Ringette participate also in the international tournament. In semi-final Lapinlahden Luistin-89 overcomes 3-1 the Cambridge Turbos. Championship Finale is quite Finnish clubs because Lapinlahden Luistin 89 face Raision Nuorisokiekko Ry in the game for the golden medal. Lapinlahden Luistin-89 beats 5-4 the Raision Nuorisokiekko Ry to gain the golden medal, Tiina Randell score the victorious goals.
The Most Valuable Player is Anne Pohjola of Lapinlahden Luistin-89.
The first World Junior Ringette Championship took place in August, 2009 in Prague, Czech Republic: two Canadian teams, Canada West Under-19and Canada-East Under-19 faced two Finnish teams, Finland White and Finland Blue.
The second World Junior Championship was held in December, 2012 in London, Ontario, Canada.
Canada Post issued four stamps in a series entitled Canadian inventions: sports featuring four sports with Canadian origins: ringette, basketball, five-pin bowling and lacrosse. The commemorative stamps were issued on August 10, 2009. The stamp featured well-worn equipment used in each sport with a background line drawing of the appropriate playing surface.
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in an indoor or outdoor rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score goals. The sport is known to be fast-paced and physical, with teams usually fielding six players at a time: one goaltender to stop the puck from going into their own net, two defensemen, and three forwards who skate the span of the ice trying to control the puck and score goals against the opposing team.
Lacrosse is a team sport played with a lacrosse stick and a lacrosse ball. It is the oldest organized sport in North America, with its origins in a tribal game played by the indigenous peoples of the Eastern Woodlands and by various other indigenous peoples of North America. The game was extensively modified reducing the violence by European colonizers to create its current collegiate and professional form.
Box lacrosse, also known as boxla, box, or indoor lacrosse, is an indoor version of lacrosse played mostly in North America. The game originated in Canada in the 1930s, where it is more popular than field lacrosse and is the national summer sport. Box lacrosse is played between two teams of five players and one goalie each, and is traditionally played on an ice hockey rink once the ice has been removed or covered. The playing area is called a box, in contrast to the open playing field of field lacrosse. The object of the game is to use a lacrosse stick to catch, carry, and pass the ball in an effort to score by shooting a solid rubber lacrosse ball into the opponent's goal. The highest level of box lacrosse is the National Lacrosse League.
An ice hockey rink is an ice rink that is specifically designed for ice hockey, a competitive team sport. Alternatively it is used for other sports such as broomball, ringette and rink bandy. It is a rectangle with rounded corners and surrounded by walls approximately 1.22 metres (48 in) high called the boards.
Floor hockey is a family of indoor hockey games.
Gerald Michael "Cheesie" Cheevers is a Canadian former professional ice hockey goaltender who played in the National Hockey League (NHL) and World Hockey Association (WHA) between 1961 and 1980. Cheevers is best known for his two stints with the Boston Bruins, whom he helped win the Stanley Cup in 1970 and 1972. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1985.
The 2004 IIHF World Women's Championships were held March 30 – April 6, 2004 in Halifax and Dartmouth, Canada. The Canadian national women's hockey team won their eighth straight World Championships. The event had 9 teams, because the 2003 event was cancelled due to the SARS epidemic, therefore no teams were relegated and the winners of the 2002 and 2003 Division I tournaments qualified. Canada won their 37th consecutive World Championship game before losing 3–1 in their third game. They later avenged their loss to the US by defeating them in the gold medal game 2–1. Sweden and Finland also met each other twice, with Finland winning the bronze medal game 3–2 improving on the earlier draw.
The men's tournament in ice hockey at the 2006 Winter Olympics was held in Turin, Italy, from 15 to 26 February. Twelve teams competed, with Sweden winning the gold medal, Finland winning silver, and the Czech Republic winning bronze. It was the third Olympic tournament to feature National Hockey League (NHL) players and the tenth best-on-best hockey tournament in history. United States defenseman Chris Chelios set a standard for longest time between his first Olympic ice hockey tournament and his last—he had competed twenty-two years earlier at the 1984 Olympics. The old record was set by Swiss hockey player Bibi Torriani. who had played twenty years after his debut.
This is a list of common terms used in ice hockey along with the definition of these terms.
Sport is considered a national pastime in Finland and many Finns visit different sporting events regularly. Pesäpallo is the national sport of Finland, although the most popular forms of sport in terms of television viewers and media coverage are ice hockey and Formula One. In spectator attendance, harness racing comes right after ice hockey in popularity.
Foot hockey is a sport related to hockey in which the only equipment is a ball, most commonly a tennis ball, that is kicked about the playing surface by the players in an attempt to score a goal on the opposing goaltender. It has been described as a "combination of hockey, soccer and handball" and "a form of soccer with a tennis ball". Foot hockey is played indoors or outdoors; footwear is optional indoors, but must be worn by either all or none of the players. It may be unisex or coed. Participation in foot hockey produced fewer catastrophic injuries than other winter sports in studies from 1986 to 1995.
Daniel Taylor is an English-born Canadian-Belarusian professional ice hockey goaltender who currently plays for HC Dinamo Minsk of the Kontinental Hockey League (KHL). He was drafted in the seventh round of the 2004 NHL Entry Draft by the Los Angeles Kings and has appeared in four NHL games with the Kings, Calgary Flames, and Ottawa Senators.
William John Smith is a Canadian former professional ice hockey goaltender. He won four Stanley Cups with the New York Islanders and was the first goalie to be credited with a goal. In 2017 Smith was named one of the 100 Greatest NHL Players in history.
Anna Vanhatalo is a Finnish retired ice hockey and ringette player who competed with Finnish national ice hockey team and the Finnish national ringette team.
Sami Aittokallio is a Finnish professional ice hockey goaltender who currently plays for Ässät of the Liiga. He has formerly played with the Colorado Avalanche of the National Hockey League (NHL)
The goaltender or goalie is a playing position in indoor or box lacrosse. More heavily armoured than a field lacrosse goaltender, since the invent of indoor lacrosse in 1931, the box lacrosse goalie has evolved into a much different position than its field lacrosse cousin.
Meeri Räisänen is a Finnish ice hockey goaltender, currently playing with HPK Kiekkonaiset of the Naisten Liiga (NSML) and the Finnish national team. As a member of the Finnish national team, she won an Olympic bronze medal in the women's ice hockey tournament at the 2018 Winter Olympics, a World Championship bronze medal at the 2015 IIHF Women's World Championship, and was named to the World Championship All-Star Team in 2015 and 2016.
Carter Hart is a Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender for the Philadelphia Flyers of the National Hockey League (NHL).
The 2019 IIHF Women's World Championship Final was played on 14 April 2019, at Espoo Metro Areena in Espoo, Finland. The United States defeated Finland 2–1 in a game-winning shootout, to win its ninth World Championship.
Alba Gonzalo is a Spanish ice hockey goaltender, currently playing with HV71 Dam in the Swedish Women's Hockey League (SDHL).