Amputee football

Last updated
Amputee football
ZaryenGamePhoto.jpg
Highest governing body World Amputee Football Federation
Characteristics
ContactContact
Team members7
Mixed gender Single
TypeOutdoor (mainly)
2017 European Amputee Football Championship final match between Turkey (red/black) and England. (blue). 2017EAFCfinalTURvsENG (46).jpg
2017 European Amputee Football Championship final match between Turkey (red/black) and England. (blue).

Amputee football is a disabled sport played with seven players on each team (six outfield players and one goalkeeper). Outfield players have lower extremity amputations, and goalkeepers have an upper extremity amputation. Outfield players use loftstrand (forearm) crutches, and play without their prosthesis.

Contents

History

The game was created by Don Bennett, who was inspired from his accidental kick of basketballs on a crutch in 1982. [1] .In 1985, it became international with the help of soccer coach Bill Barry. [1]

Around the world

There are several amputee football associations around the world. A couple examples of this are the England Amputee Association and The Irish Amputee Football Association. [2] Each organization promotes the advancement of the sport and that it gains more recognition. The England Amputee Football Association states their main goal on their website as: "The England Amputee Football Association's aim is to provide all amputees, people with congenital limb deficiencies and persons with restricted use of limbs, with the opportunity to play football locally, nationally and internationally." [3]

Amputee Football World Cup

Former name : Amputee Football World Championships (from first to 2003)

NumberYearHost CityTeamsGoldSilverBronze4th Place
1 1984 Flag of the United States.svg Seattle, United States
2 1988 Flag of the United States.svg Seattle, United States Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador Flag of the United States.svg  USA Flag of England.svg  ENG
3 1989 Flag of the United States.svg Seattle, United States
4 1991 Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Tashkent, Uzbekistan
5 1998 Flag of England.svg Manchester, England Flag of Russia.svg  RUS Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  UZB Flag of Brazil.svg  BRA
6 2000 Flag of the United States.svg Seattle, United States Flag of Brazil.svg  BRA Flag of Russia.svg  RUS Flag of Ukraine.svg  UKR
7 2001 Flag of Brazil.svg Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Flag of Brazil.svg  BRA Flag of Russia.svg  RUS Flag of England.svg  ENG
8 2002 Flag of Russia.svg Sochi, Russia Flag of Russia.svg  RUS Flag of Brazil.svg  BRA Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  UZB
9 2003 Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Tashkent, Uzbekistan 4Flag of Russia.svg  RUS Flag of Ukraine.svg  UKR Flag of Brazil.svg  BRA Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  UZB
10 2005 Flag of Brazil.svg Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 6Flag of Brazil.svg  BRA Flag of Russia.svg  RUS Flag of England.svg  ENG Flag of Ukraine.svg  UKR
11 2007 Flag of Turkey.svg Antalya, Turkey 10Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  UZB Flag of Russia.svg  RUS Flag of Turkey.svg TUR ?
12 2010 Flag of Argentina.svg Crespo, Argentina Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  UZB Flag of Argentina.svg  ARG Flag of Turkey.svg TUR Flag of Russia.svg  RUS
13 2012 Flag of Russia.svg Kaliningrad, Russia 12Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  UZB Flag of Russia.svg  RUS Flag of Turkey.svg TUR Flag of Argentina.svg  ARG
14 2014 Flag of Mexico.svg Culiacán, Mexico 23Flag of Russia.svg  RUS Flag of Angola.svg  ANG Flag of Turkey.svg TUR Flag of Poland.svg  POL
15 2018 Flag of Mexico.svg San Juan de los Lagos, Mexico Flag of Angola.svg  ANG Flag of Turkey.svg TUR Flag of Brazil.svg  BRA Flag of Mexico.svg  MEX

Other Championships

YearEventHostDateGoldSilverBronze
19991st Open European ChampionshipsFlag of Ukraine.svg  UKR Kiev Flag of Brazil.svg  BRA Flag of Russia.svg  RUS Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  UZB
2006Volgograd Open ChampionshipsFlag of Russia.svg  RUS Volgograd Sep 24 – 30Flag of Russia.svg  RUS Flag of England.svg  ENG Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  UZB
20071st All-Africa Amputee Soccer TournamentFlag of Sierra Leone.svg  SLE Freetown FebFlag of Ghana.svg  GHA Flag of Liberia.svg  LBR Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  SLE
2008European Amputee Football ChampionshipFlag of Turkey.svg  TUR Istanbul Oct 2–10Flag of Russia.svg  RUS Flag of Turkey.svg TUR Flag of England.svg  ENG
2017 6th Amp Futbol Cup Flag of Poland.svg  POL Warsaw Jun 24–25Flag of England.svg  ENG Flag of Poland.svg  POL Flag of Japan.svg  JPN
2017 European Amputee Football ChampionshipFlag of Turkey.svg  TUR Istanbul Oct 1–10 Flag of Turkey.svg TUR Flag of England.svg  ENG Flag of Poland.svg  POL

Rules

The official FIFA sanctioned rules are: [4]

See also

Related Research Articles

Amputation Medical procedure

Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery. As a surgical measure, it is used to control pain or a disease process in the affected limb, such as malignancy or gangrene. In some cases, it is carried out on individuals as a preventive surgery for such problems. A special case is that of congenital amputation, a congenital disorder, where fetal limbs have been cut off by constrictive bands. In some countries, such as the United States and Iran, amputation was proposed, was formerly used, or is currently used to punish people who committed crimes. Amputation has also been used as a tactic in war and acts of terrorism; it may also occur as a war injury. In some cultures and religions, minor amputations or mutilations are considered a ritual accomplishment.

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Penalty area

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Prosthesis Artificial device that replaces a missing body part

In medicine, a prosthesis or prosthetic implant is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part, which may be lost through trauma, disease, or a condition present at birth. Prostheses are intended to restore the normal functions of the missing body part. Amputee rehabilitation is primarily coordinated by a physiatrist as part of an inter-disciplinary team consisting of physiatrists, prosthetists, nurses, physical therapists, and occupational therapists. Prostheses can be created by hand or with computer-aided design (CAD), a software interface that helps creators design and analyze the creation with computer-generated 2-D and 3-D graphics as well as analysis and optimization tools.

Futsal Ballgame-team sport, variant of association football

Futsal is a football game played on a hard court, smaller than a football pitch, and mainly indoors. It has similarities to five-a-side football.

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A penalty kick is a method of restarting play in association football, in which a player is allowed to take a single shot on the goal while it is defended only by the opposing team's goalkeeper. It is awarded when a foul punishable by a direct free kick is committed by a player in their own penalty area. The shot is taken from the penalty mark, which is 11 m from the goal line and centred between the touch lines.

The Laws of the Game (LOTG) are the codified rules of association football. The laws mention the number of players a team should have, the game length, the size of the field and ball, the type and nature of fouls that referees may penalise, the frequently misinterpreted offside law, and many other laws that define the sport. During a match, it is the task of the referee to interpret and enforce the Laws of the Game.

In rugby football, the penalty is the main disciplinary sanction available to the referee to penalise players who commit deliberate infringements. The team who did not commit the infringement are given possession of the ball and may either kick it towards touch, attempt a place kick at goal, or tap the ball with their foot and run it. It is also sometimes used as shorthand for penalty goal.

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Throw-in Method of restarting play in association football

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Rec footy

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Fouls and misconduct (association football) Unfair act by a player in association football

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A penalty in rugby union is the main disciplinary sanction available to the referee to penalise a team who commit deliberate infringements. The team who did not commit the infringement are given possession of the ball and they may either kick it towards touch, attempt a place kick at goal, or tap the ball with their foot and run. It is also sometimes used as shorthand for penalty goal.

Team Zaryen

Team Zaryen is a Haitian Amputee football team, located in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Zaryen is the Creole word for Tarantula. When asked why the tarantula was chosen to represent the football team the players give two answers. First because when a tarantula attacks, it pursues its enemy slowly and is deadly with just one bite. A tarantula is a spider known to carry on despite the loss of a leg and with the ability to regrow a lost limb. Another reason for the team mascot is because the tarantula has so many legs, much like the appearance of the football players with their loftstrand (forearm) crutches.

Paratriathlon classification is the classification system for athletes participating in paratriathlon. It is governed by the World Triathlon The sport has been included in the 2016 Summer Paralympics.

Comparison of association football and rugby union

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A4 is an amputee sport classification used by the International Sports Organization for the Disabled (ISOD).for people with acquired or congenital amputations. People in this class have one leg amputated below the knee. Their amputations impact their sport performance, including having balance issues, increased energy costs, higher rates of oxygen consumption, and issues with their gait. Sports people in this class are eligible to participate in include athletics, swimming, sitting volleyball, archery, weightlifting, wheelchair basketball, amputee basketball, amputee football, lawn bowls, and sitzball.

Comparison of association football and futsal

Futsal began in the 1930s in South America as a version of association football, taking elements of its parent game into an indoor format so players could still play during inclement weather. Over the years, both sports have developed, creating a situation where the two sports share common traits while also hosting various differences.

Free kick (association football) Method of restarting play in association football

A free kick is a method of restarting play in association football. It is awarded after an infringement of the laws by the opposing team.

References

  1. 1 2 https://www.worldamputeefootball.org/history.htm
  2. "Home". Irish Amputee Football Association. 2015-12-07. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  3. "Home". Theeafa.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  4. "Amputee football – The Rules of the Game". FIFA.com. 2016-02-04. Retrieved 2016-02-18.