Amputee football

Last updated
Amputee football
ZaryenGamePhoto.jpg
Highest governing body World Amputee Football Federation
Characteristics
ContactContact
Team members7
Mixed-sex Single
TypeOutdoor (mainly)
2017 European Amputee Football Championship final match between Turkey (red/black) and England. (blue). 2017EAFCfinalTURvsENG (46).jpg
2017 European Amputee Football Championship final match between Turkey (red/black) and England. (blue).

Amputee football is a disabled sport played with seven players on each team (six outfield players and one goalkeeper). Outfield players have lower extremity amputations, and goalkeepers have an upper extremity amputation. Outfield players use loftstrand (forearm) crutches, and play without their prosthesis.

Contents

History

The game was created by Don Bennett, who was inspired from his accidental kick of basketballs on a crutch in 1982. [1] In 1985, it became international with the help of soccer coach Bill Barry. [1]

Around the world

There are several amputee football associations around the world. A couple examples of this are the England Amputee Association and The Irish Amputee Football Association. [2] Each organization promotes the advancement of the sport and that it gains more recognition. The England Amputee Football Association states their main goal on their website as: "The England Amputee Football Association's aim is to provide all amputees, people with congenital limb deficiencies and persons with restricted use of limbs, with the opportunity to play football locally, nationally and internationally." [3]

Main competitions

Amputee Football World Cup

European Amputee Football Championship

Other championships

YearEventHostDateGoldSilverBronze
19991st Open European Championships Flag of Ukraine.svg Kyiv Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan
2006Volgograd Open Championships Flag of Russia.svg Volgograd Sep 24 – 30Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Flag of England.svg  England Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan
20071st All-Africa Amputee Soccer Tournament Flag of Sierra Leone.svg Freetown FebruaryFlag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  Sierra Leone
2008European Amputee Football Championship Flag of Turkey.svg Istanbul Oct 2–10Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey Flag of England.svg  England
20176th Amp Futbol Cup Flag of Poland.svg Warsaw Jun 24–25Flag of England.svg  England Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

Rules

The official FIFA sanctioned rules are: [4]

See also

Related Research Articles

Amputation Medical procedure that removes a part of the body

Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery. As a surgical measure, it is used to control pain or a disease process in the affected limb, such as malignancy or gangrene. In some cases, it is carried out on individuals as a preventive surgery for such problems. A special case is that of congenital amputation, a congenital disorder, where fetal limbs have been cut off by constrictive bands. In some countries, amputation is currently used to punish people who commit crimes. Amputation has also been used as a tactic in war and acts of terrorism; it may also occur as a war injury. In some cultures and religions, minor amputations or mutilations are considered a ritual accomplishment. When done by a person, the person executing the amputation is an amputator.

Association football Team sport played with a spherical ball

Association football, more commonly known as simply football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of 11 players. It is played by approximately 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The objective of the game is to score more goals than the opposition by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal, usually within a time frame of 90 or more minutes.

Penalty area Part of an association football pitch

The penalty area or 18-yard box is an area of an association football pitch. It is rectangular and extends 16.5m to each side of the goal and 16.5m in front of it.

Prosthesis Artificial device that replaces a missing body part

In medicine, a prosthesis or prosthetic implant is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part, which may be lost through trauma, disease, or a condition present at birth. Prostheses are intended to restore the normal functions of the missing body part. Amputee rehabilitation is primarily coordinated by a physiatrist as part of an inter-disciplinary team consisting of physiatrists, prosthetists, nurses, physical therapists, and occupational therapists. Prostheses can be created by hand or with computer-aided design (CAD), a software interface that helps creators design and analyze the creation with computer-generated 2-D and 3-D graphics as well as analysis and optimization tools.

Futsal Team sport, variant of association football

Futsal is an association football-based game, a variation of minifootball played on a hard court smaller than a football pitch, and mainly indoors. It has similarities to five-a-side football and indoor soccer.

The Laws of the Game are the codified rules of association football. The laws mention the number of players a team should have, the game length, the size of the field and ball, the type and nature of fouls that referees may penalize, the offside law, and many other laws that define the sport. During a match, it is the task of the referee to interpret and enforce the Laws of the Game.

In rugby football, the penalty is the main disciplinary sanction available to the referee to penalise players who commit deliberate infringements. The team who did not commit the infringement are given possession of the ball and may either kick it towards touch, attempt a place kick at goal, or tap the ball with their foot and run it. It is also sometimes used as shorthand for penalty goal.

Football pitch Rectangular area where association football is played

A football pitch is the playing surface for the game of association football. Its dimensions and markings are defined by Law 1 of the Laws of the Game, "The Field of Play". The pitch is typically made of natural turf or artificial turf, although amateur and recreational teams often play on dirt fields. Artificial surfaces must be green in colour.

Throw-in Method of restarting play in association football

A throw-in is a method of restarting play in a game of association football when the ball has exited the side of the field of play. It is governed by Law 15 of The Laws Of The Game.

Dropped-ball

A dropped-ball is a method of restarting play in a game of association football. It is used when play has been stopped due to reasons other than normal gameplay, fouls, or misconduct. The situations requiring a dropped-ball restart are outlined in Law 8 and Law 9 of the Laws of the Game; Law 8 also contains the dropped-ball procedure.

Rec footy

Recreational Football was a non-contact version of the Australian rules football game first played in 2003 and later sanctioned by the Australian Football League's game development arm. It was a more accessible version of Australian rules football that people could pick up and play. It was a mixed competition, with eight players on each team, accessible to players of both sexes, all shapes and sizes and requires minimal equipment to play. Rec Footy was criticised mainly by Australian rules players for appearing similar to netball and being too restrictive, lacking of ability for skilled footballers to run kick and play naturally whilst also penalising newer unskilled players with frequent turnovers.

Fouls and misconduct (association football) Unfair act by a player in association football

In the sport of association football, fouls and misconduct are acts committed by players which are deemed by the referee to be unfair and are subsequently penalised. An offence may be a foul, misconduct or both depending on the nature of the offence and the circumstances in which it occurs. Fouls and misconduct are addressed in Law 12 of the Laws of the Game.

Goalkeeper (association football) Position in association football

The goalkeeper, sometimes shortened to keeper or goalie, is one of the major positions of association football. It is the most specialised position in the sport. The goalkeeper's primary role is to prevent the opposing team from scoring. This is accomplished by the goalkeeper moving into the path of the ball and either catching it or directing it away from the vicinity of the goal line. Within the penalty area goalkeepers are able to use their hands, making them the only players on the field permitted to handle the ball. The special status of goalkeepers is indicated by them wearing different coloured kits from their teammates and the opposition.

A penalty in rugby union is the main disciplinary sanction available to the referee to penalise a team who commit deliberate infringements. The team who did not commit the infringement are given possession of the ball and they may either kick it towards touch, attempt a place kick at goal, or tap the ball with their foot and run. It is also sometimes used as shorthand for penalty goal.

Team Zaryen Disabled soccer football team in Haiti

Team Zaryen is a Haitian Amputee soccer team, located in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Zaryen is the Creole word for Tarantula. When asked why the tarantula was chosen to represent the soccer team the players give two answers. First because when a tarantula attacks, it pursues its enemy slowly and is deadly with just one bite. A tarantula is a spider known to carry on despite the loss of a leg and with the ability to regrow a lost limb. Another reason for the team mascot is because the tarantula has so many legs, much like the appearance of the soccer players with their loftstrand (forearm) crutches.

Paratriathlon classification is the classification system for athletes participating in paratriathlon. It is governed by the World Triathlon The sport has been included in the 2016 Summer Paralympics.

Comparison of association football and rugby union

Comparison of association football (football/soccer) and rugby union (rugby/rugger) is possible because of the games' similarities and shared origins.

A4 is an amputee sport classification used by the International Sports Organization for the Disabled (ISOD).for people with acquired or congenital amputations. People in this class have one leg amputated below the knee. Their amputations impact their sport performance, including having balance issues, increased energy costs, higher rates of oxygen consumption, and issues with their gait. Sports people in this class are eligible to participate in include athletics, swimming, sitting volleyball, archery, weightlifting, wheelchair basketball, amputee basketball, amputee football, lawn bowls, and sitzball.

Comparison of association football and futsal

Futsal began in the 1930s in South America as a version of association football, taking elements of its parent game into an indoor format so players could still play during inclement weather. Over the years, both sports have developed, creating a situation where the two sports share common traits while also hosting various differences.

Free kick (association football) Method of restarting play in association football

A free kick is a method of restarting play in association football. It is awarded after an infringement of the laws by the opposing team.

References

  1. 1 2 "World Amputee Football Federation - History of the Game".
  2. "Home". Irish Amputee Football Association. 2015-12-07. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  3. "Home". Theeafa.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  4. "Amputee football – The Rules of the Game". FIFA.com. 2016-02-04. Archived from the original on April 17, 2012. Retrieved 2016-02-18.