Five-a-side football

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Five-a-side game on artificial turf pitch, Singapore Indoor soccer singapore z.JPG
Five-a-side game on artificial turf pitch, Singapore

Five-a-side football is a variation of association football and a version of minifootball in which each team fields five players (four outfield players and a goalkeeper). Other differences from football include a smaller pitch, smaller goals, and a reduced game duration. Matches are played indoors, or outdoors on artificial grass pitches that may be enclosed within a barrier or "cage" to prevent the ball from leaving the playing area and keep the game constantly flowing.

Contents

Rules

The penalty area is significantly different from football: it is semi-circular in shape, only the goalkeeper is allowed to touch the ball within it, and he or she may or may not be allowed out. Goalkeepers are only allowed to give the ball out to another player through hands. The goalkeeper may only kick the ball if it is in the course of making a save. There are no offside rules. Headers are allowed. There is no protocol of deliberate handball versus accidental handball the referee needs to make a decision based on the distance from where the ball was hit. Yellow cards may result in the offending player being sent to the "sin bin" for a predetermined length of time. Red cards work in the same way as the 11-a-side game, the offending player being dismissed from the match. Charging/sliding tackles are awarded a yellow card.

Additionally, metal studded boots cannot be worn, as this would damage the playing surface. Players are also required to wear shin guards, but enforcement of this is usually at the discretion of the referee.

Five-a-side is commonly played informally, and the rules are therefore flexible and are sometimes decided immediately before play begins; this is in contrast to futsal, for which official laws are published by FIFA.

The English FA have drawn up a full list of laws for the small-sided game which expands upon the rules outlined above and includes minimum/maximum pitch dimensions as well as technicalities on free-kicks and other parts of the game. [1] [2] [3] [4]

Variations

Futsal

Futsal is a version of indoor five-a-side football developed by the Asociación Mundial de Fútbol de Salón (AMF / English:World Futsal Association). It currently has two governing bodies: the AMF and the association football international body; the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA).

Indoor soccer

Indoor soccer is an indoor variant played primarily in North America, typically with six-a-side teams on an ice hockey-sized pitch.

Jorkyball

Jorkyball is a 2vs2 format of football played in a plexiglass cage of 10m x 5m. The players can use the walls to pass and to score. The governing body is the Jorkyball International Federation.

Beach soccer

Beach soccer is a variation on five-a-side football in that it is played on a sandy surface. Rules do not greatly differ from those found in regular five-a-side football.

Seven-a-side pitch markings. Dimensions and shape of penalty area may differ for other variants. 7asidesoccerpitch.jpg
Seven-a-side pitch markings. Dimensions and shape of penalty area may differ for other variants.

Six-a-side football

A variation with increased pitch size and number of players on a team. In this variation there are five outfield players and one goalkeeper on the pitch for each team at any time. Other rules do not differ from those found in five-a-side football.

Seven-a-side football

This is another variation with increased pitch and team size; in this case with six outfield players and a goalkeeper on each side. The rules differ from those from five-a-side. [5]

SUB football is a variation of seven-a-side football primarily played in Australia and New Zealand. The rules have been modified slightly to encourage new players to the game, with strict enforcement of non-contact and two ways to score points: by scoring a goal in the same manner as the other formats, or by scoring a board that is on either side of the goal. The boards are usually 2.5m long and one third of the height of the goal. A goal is 3 points and a board is 1 point. When the ball goes out of play, it may be kicked or thrown in. This applies to the sideline and corners. [6] [7]

Blind football

Different organisations

There are many operators of five-a-side football in Europe (Powerleague, Goals Soccer Center, UrbanSoccer), and most of all in the UK. [8]

World Minifootball Federation (WMF) unites 71 national associations, grouped into federations by continent. European Minifootball Federation consists of 32 member associations. EMF organizes EMF miniEURO and EMF Champions League competitions.

International Socca Federation (ISF) is a 6 a side football organization, running yearly Socca World Cup events since 2018. 40 national teams participated in the 2019 Socca World Cup.

The F5WC is the world's largest amateur five-a-side football tournament in the world with over 48 participating nations.[ citation needed ]

IFA7 is the international association that promotes seven-a-side football. IFA7 held the first known Seven-a-side Football World Cup in 2017 in Guatemala, with Russia winning the title. [9] [ circular reference ] [10] [11]

Youth organisations

The popularity of five-a-side youth football has grown tremendously within the U.S. [12] [13] Many organisations have chosen this format and modified it slightly to promote an environment where children can excel early in youth sports. [14] The American Youth Soccer Organization and the United States Youth Soccer Association are among the largest organisations bringing this format to the regional US-based youth soccer arena. [15] [16] [17]

Sponsorships

In recent years a few five-a-side teams have found themselves with sponsorship deals amounting up to thousand of pounds contracts. Sponsors feel with the vast numbers of participation in five-a-side football rising in the UK that it is a good place to advertise and tend to sponsor competition winners or league winners at local facilities so that they know that their deals are with the best five-a-side teams around the area. [18]

See also

Related Research Articles

Association football Team sport played with a spherical ball

Association football, more commonly known as simply football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of 11 players. It is played by approximately 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score more goals than the opposition by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal, usually within a time frame of 90 or more minutes.

Field hockey Team sport version of hockey played on grass or artificial turf with sticks and a round ball

Field hockey is a team sport of the hockey family. Each team plays with ten field players and a goalkeeper, and must carry a round, hard, plastic hockey ball with a hockey stick to the rival goal.

Rush goalie, also known as a fly goalie or fly keeper and in some parts of the UK, goalie wag or nearest dearest, is a variation of association football in which the role of the goalkeeper is more flexible than normal. The goalkeeper position is taken by any player who can run out of and leave their goal to actively participate in outfield play. However, when defending the player returns to their goal and takes up the role of goalkeeper once again; in rush goalie only one player can be the goalkeeper and handle the ball. Once the danger has passed, that player returns to normal outfield play. Rush goalie is only played in informal football matches, usually by children, and often when the players want to play a more active role in the game than the position of goalkeeper would normally allow; it can also be applied when the number of players per side is low.

Futsal Ballgame-team sport, variant of association football

Futsal is an association football game played on a hard court, smaller than a football pitch, and mainly indoors. It has similarities to five-a-side football.

Indoor soccer

Indoor soccer or arena soccer is one of small-sided games and version of minifootball, derived from association football and adapted for play in a walled indoor arena. Indoor soccer, as it is most often known in the United States and Canada, was originally developed in these two countries as a way to play soccer during the winter months, when snow would make outdoor play difficult. In those countries, gymnasiums are adapted for indoor soccer play. In other countries the game is played in either indoor or outdoor arenas surrounded by walls, and is referred to by different names.

A penalty shoot-out is a method of determining which team is awarded victory in an association football match that cannot end in a draw, when the score is tied after the regulation playing time as well as extra time have expired. In a penalty shoot-out, each team takes turns shooting at goal from the penalty mark, with the goal defended only by the opposing team's goalkeeper. Each team has five shots which must be taken by different kickers; the team that makes more successful kicks is declared the victor. Shoot-outs finish as soon as one team has an insurmountable lead. If scores are level after five pairs of shots, the shootout progresses into additional "sudden-death" rounds. Balls successfully kicked into the goal during a shoot-out do not count as goals for the individual kickers or the team, and are tallied separately from the goals scored during normal play. Although the procedure for each individual kick in the shoot-out resembles that of a penalty kick, there are some differences. Most notably, neither the kicker nor any player other than the goalkeeper may play the ball again once it has been kicked.

The Laws of the Game (LOTG) are the codified rules of association football. The laws mention the number of players a team should have, the game length, the size of the field and ball, the type and nature of fouls that referees may penalise, the offside law, and many other laws that define the sport. During a match, it is the task of the referee to interpret and enforce the Laws of the Game.

Corner kick Method of restarting play in association football

A corner kick is the method of restarting play in a game of association football when the ball goes out of play over the goal line, without a goal being scored and having last been touched by a member of the defending team. The kick is taken from the corner of the field of play nearest to where it went out.

Seven-a-side football

Seven-a-side football is one of the small-sided variations of football and a version of Minifootball, which is played among seven players in each team. In the game consists of one goalkeeper and six outfield players. The pitch of seven-a-side football is bigger than the five-a-side football, ranging from 50-65 yards in length and 25-50 yards in width respectively.

Football Group of related team sports

Football is a family of team sports that involve, to varying degrees, kicking a ball to score a goal. Unqualified, the word football normally means the form of football that is the most popular where the word is used. Sports commonly called football include association football ; gridiron football ; Australian rules football; rugby union and rugby league; and Gaelic football. These various forms of football share to varying extent common origins and are known as football codes.

Mini football may refer to:

Futsal positions

This is the list of futsal positions, with a brief explanation of what the position is and notable futsal players of that position. The positioning of these players can attribute to different strategies during the game.

Amputee football

Amputee football is a disabled sport played with seven players on each team. Outfield players have lower extremity amputations, and goalkeepers have an upper extremity amputation. Outfield players use loftstrand (forearm) crutches, and play without their prosthesis.

Comparison of association football and rugby union

Comparison of association football (football/soccer) and rugby union (rugby/rugger) is possible because of the games' similarities and shared origins.

World Minifootball Federation

The World Minifootball Federation (WMF) is the highest authority of minifootball in the world. WMF exists to promote, supervise and direct minifootball in the world, to contribute to the positive development of society. Its members are national minifootball associations and continental minifootball federations from each continent.

Walking football is a variant of association football that is aimed at keeping people aged over 50 involved with football if, due to a lack of mobility or for other reason, they are not able to play the traditional game. The sport can be played both indoors and outdoors. Walking football was devised as a competitive sport by John Croot of Chesterfield FC. Coverage of a walking football session on Sky Sports News and a documentary aired on Sky Sports Football in October 2017, led to several other clubs taking up this version of the game. It has since become a current craze.

Minifootball is a variation of small-sided football. It is mainly play in 5-a-side format, with additional variations of 6-a-side, 7-a-side and 8-a-side on an astro turf. The highest authority of mini football is currently World Minifootball Federation. Over the years, the popularity of minifootball has increased globally.

Comparison of association football and futsal

Futsal began in the 1930s in South America as a version of association football, taking elements of its parent game into an indoor format so players could still play during inclement weather. Over the years, both sports have developed, creating a situation where the two sports share common traits while also hosting various differences.

Free kick (association football) Method of restarting play in association football

A free kick is a method of restarting play in association football. It is awarded after an infringement of the laws by the opposing team.

References

  1. "TheFA.com - Small Sided Football - Laws of the Game". The FA. Retrieved 2016-05-20.
  2. David Conn (2012-05-28). "FA votes for smaller-sided matches for young footballers | Football". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  3. Football (2012-05-28). "Football Association make historic decision on future of youth football for the future good of England". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  4. Roan, Dan (2012-05-28). "BBC Sport - Football Association vote in favour of youth football changes". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  5. "FA changes to youth football – what's in store? « Club Website – News and Updates". Clubwebsite.co.uk. 2012-05-31. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
  6. "SUB football is on the way". Stuff. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
  7. "Sub Football Call For Teams For 14th Season | Scoop News". www.scoop.co.nz. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
  8. Terry Macalister (2007-09-03). "Popularity of five-a-side kicks off profits | Business". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
  9. es:IFA7
  10. https://ifa7.com/index.php/ifa7-tournaments/world-cup
  11. https://www.publinews.gt/gt/deportes/2017/10/29/resultado-del-partido-guatemala-vs-rusia-final-la-ifa7-2017.html
  12. ESPN FC, Relegation Zone, Sep. 20, 2012, Soccer's big takeover
  13. New York Times, July 23, 2010, Soccer's Growth in the U.S. Seems Steady
  14. Livestrong.com, Jan. 6, 2011, The History of Women's High School Soccer
  15. AYSO National Rules & Regulations AYSO 2011–2012 Version
  16. At a Glance | US Youth Soccer
  17. "About AYSO". Archived from the original on 2013-09-17. Retrieved 2013-09-12.
  18. Hans Kundnani (2006-10-03). "Five-a-side fever nets increased turnover for Powerleague | Business". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-08-03.