Five-a-side football

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Five-a-side game on astroturf pitch, Singapore Indoor soccer singapore z.JPG
Five-a-side game on astroturf pitch, Singapore

Five-a-side football is a variation of association football, in which each team fields five players (four outfield players and a goalkeeper). Other differences from football include a smaller pitch, smaller goals, a reduced game duration. Matches are played indoors, or outdoors on AstroTurf or artificial grass pitches that may be enclosed within a barrier or "cage" to prevent the ball from leaving the playing area and keep the game constantly flowing.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

The goalkeeper, often shortened to keeper or goalie, is one of the major positions of association football. It is the most specialised position in the sport. The goalkeeper's primary role is to prevent the opposing team from scoring. This is accomplished by the goalkeeper moving into the path of the ball and either catching it or directing it away from the vicinity of the goal line. Within the penalty area goalkeepers are able to use their hands, making them the only players on the field permitted to handle the ball. The special status of goalkeepers is indicated by them wearing different coloured kits from their teammates.

AstroTurf is an American subsidiary that produces artificial turf for playing surfaces. The original AstroTurf product was a short-pile synthetic turf. Since the early 2000s, AstroTurf has marketed taller pile systems that use infill materials to better replicate natural turf. The prime reason to incorporate AstroTurf on game fields is to avoid the cost of laying and maintaining natural turf and to maximize hours of usage. In 2016, AstroTurf became a subsidiary of German-based SportGroup, a family of sports surfacing companies, which itself is owned by the investment firm Equistone Partners Europe.

Contents

Rules

The penalty area is significantly different from football: it is semi-circular in shape, only the goalkeeper is allowed to touch the ball within it, and he or she may or may not be allowed out. Goalkeepers are only allowed to give the ball out to another player through hands. The goalkeeper may only kick the ball if it is in the course of making a save. There are no offside rules. Headers are allowed. There is no protocol of deliberate handball versus accidental handball the referee needs to make a decision based on the distance from where the ball was hit. Yellow cards may result in the offending player being sent to the "sin bin" for a predetermined length of time. Red cards work in the same way as the 11-a-side game, the offending player being dismissed from the match. Charging/sliding tackles are awarded a yellow card.

Offside (association football) law in association football

Offside is one of the laws of association football, codified in Law 11 of the Laws of the Game. The law states that a player is in an offside position if any of their body parts, except the hands and arms, are in the opponents' half of the pitch, and closer to the opponents' goal line than both the ball and the second-last opponent. In simple terms players have to be behind the defenders at the point the ball is released

Additionally, metal studded boots cannot be worn, as this would damage the playing surface. Players are also required to wear shin guards, but enforcement of this is usually at the discretion of the referee.

Five-a-side is commonly played informally, and the rules are therefore flexible and are sometimes decided immediately before play begins; this is in contrast to futsal, for which official laws are published by FIFA.

Futsal Ballgame-team sport, variant of association football

Futsal is a variant of association football played on a hard court, smaller than a football pitch, and mainly indoors. It can be considered a version of five-a-side football.

The English FA have drawn up a full list of laws for the small-sided game which expands upon the rules outlined above and includes minimum/maximum pitch dimensions as well as technicalities on free-kicks and other parts of the game. [1] [2] [3] [4]

The Football Association governing body of association football in England

The Football Association (FA) is the governing body of association football in England, the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man. Formed in 1863, it is the oldest football association in the world and is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the amateur and professional game in its territory.

Variations

Futsal

Futsal is a version of indoor five-a-side football developed by the Asociación Mundial de Fútbol de Salón (AMF / English:World Futsal Association). It currently has two governing bodies: the AMF and the association football international body; the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA).

Indoor soccer

Indoor soccer is an indoor variant played primarily in North America, typically with six-a-side teams on an ice hockey-sized pitch.

Indoor soccer game derived from association football adapted for play in an indoor arena

Indoor soccer or arena soccer(known internationally as indoor football, minifootball, fast football, floorball or showball), is a game derived from association football adapted for play in a walled indoor arena. Indoor soccer, as it is most often known in the United States and Canada, was originally developed in these two countries as a way to play soccer during the winter months, when snow would make outdoor play difficult. In those countries, gymnasiums are adapted for indoor soccer play. In other countries the game is played in either indoor or outdoor arenas surrounded by walls, and is referred to by different names.

Ice hockey team sport played on ice using sticks, skates, and a puck

Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points. The sport is known to be fast-paced and physical, with teams usually consisting of six players each: one goaltender, and five players who skate up and down the ice trying to take the puck and score a goal against the opposing team.

Beach soccer

Beach soccer is a variation on five-a-side football in that it is played on a sandy surface. Rules do not greatly differ from those found in regular five-a-side football.

Seven-a-side pitch markings. Dimensions and shape of penalty area may differ for other variants. 7asidesoccerpitch.jpg
Seven-a-side pitch markings. Dimensions and shape of penalty area may differ for other variants.

Six-a-side football

A variation with increased pitch size and number of players on a team. In this variation there are five outfield players and one goalkeeper on the pitch for each team at any one time. Rules do not greatly differ from those found in five-a-side football.

Seven-a-side football

This is another variation with increased pitch and team size; in this case with six outfield players and a goalkeeper on each side. The rules generally do not differ from those from five-a-side. [5]

SUB football

This is a variation of seven-a-side football primarily played in Australia and New Zealand. The rules have been modified slightly to encourage new players to the game, with strict enforcement of non-contact and two ways to score points: by scoring a goal in the same manner as the other formats, or by scoring a board that is on either side of the goal. The boards are usually 2.5m long and one third of the height of the goal. A goal is 3 points and a board is 1 point. When the ball goes out of play, it may be kicked or thrown in. This applies to the sideline and corners. [6] [7]

Blind football

Organisations

There are many operators of five-a-side football in Europe (PowerLeague, Goals Soccer Center, UrbanSoccer), and most of all in the UK. [8]

The F5WC is the world's largest amateur five-a-side football tournament in the world with over 48 participating nations.[ citation needed ]

IFA7 is an international association that promotes outdoor seven-a-side football. IFA7 held the first known Seven-a-side Football World Cup in 2017 in Guatemala, with Russia winning the title. [9] [10] [11]

Youth organisations

The popularity of five-a-side youth football has grown tremendously within the U.S. [12] [13] Many organisations have chosen this format and modified it slightly to promote an environment where children can excel early in youth sports. [14] American Youth Soccer Organization, United States Youth Soccer Association, and Fun Fair Positive Soccer are among the largest organisations bringing this format to the regional US-based youth soccer arena. [15] [16] [15] [17] [18] [19]

Sponsorships

In recent years a few five-a-side teams have found themselves with sponsorship deals amounting up to thousand of pounds contracts. Sponsors feel with the vast numbers of participation in five-a-side football rising in the UK that it is a good place to advertise and tend to sponsor competition winners or league winners at local facilities so that they know that their deals are with the best five-a-side teams around the area. [20]

See also

Related Research Articles

Field hockey team sport version of hockey played on grass or turf with sticks and a round ball

Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family. The earliest origins of the game date back to the Middle Ages in Pakistan. The game can be played on grass, water turf, artificial turf or synthetic field as well as an indoor board surface. Each team plays with eleven players, including the goalie. Players use sticks made out of wood, carbon fibre, fibre glass or a combination of carbon fibre and fibre glass in different quantities to hit a round, hard, plastic ball. The length of the stick depends on the player's individual height. Only one face of the stick is allowed to be used. Goalies often have a different kind of stick, however they can also use an ordinary field hockey stick. The specific goal-keeping sticks have another curve at the end of the stick, this is to give them more surface area to save the ball. The uniform consists of shin guards, shoes, shorts, a mouth guard and a jersey. Today, the game is played globally, mainly in parts of Western Europe, South Asia, Southern Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, and parts of the United States. Known simply as "hockey" in many territories, the term "field hockey" is used primarily in Canada and the United States where ice hockey is more popular. In Sweden, the term "landhockey" is used and to some degree also in Norway where it is governed by Norway's Bandy Association.

The Laws of the Game (LOTG) are the codified rules that help define association football. They are the only rules of association football subscribed to by FIFA. The laws mention the number of players a team should have, the game length, the size of the field and ball, the type and nature of fouls that referees may penalise, the frequently misinterpreted offside law, and many other laws that define the sport. During a match, it is the task of the referee to interpret and enforce the Laws of the Game.

The FIFA Futsal World Cup is the international championship for futsal, the indoor version of association football organized by FIFA.

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, can be traced to as far back as the ancient period in China. The modern game of association football originates from cuju, an ancient Chinese football game, as recognized by FIFA. The formation of The Football Association was later implemented in London, England in 1863 based on multiple efforts to standardize the varying forms of the game. This allowed clubs to play each other without dispute and which specifically banned handling of the ball and hacking during open field play. After the fifth meeting of the association a schism emerged between association football and the rules played by the Rugby school, later to be called rugby football. At the time, football clubs had played by their own, individual codes and game-day rules usually had to be agreed upon before a match could commence. For example, the Sheffield Rules that applied to most matches played in the Sheffield area were a different code. Football has been an Olympic sport ever since the second modern Summer Olympic Games in 1900.

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Futsal positions

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American Youth Soccer Organization organization

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Comparison of association football and rugby union

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Comparison of association football and futsal

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References

  1. "TheFA.com - Small Sided Football - Laws of the Game". The FA. Retrieved 2016-05-20.
  2. David Conn (2012-05-28). "FA votes for smaller-sided matches for young footballers | Football". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  3. Football (2012-05-28). "Football Association make historic decision on future of youth football for the future good of England". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  4. Roan, Dan (2012-05-28). "BBC Sport - Football Association vote in favour of youth football changes". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  5. "FA changes to youth football – what's in store? « Club Website – News and Updates". Clubwebsite.co.uk. 2012-05-31. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
  6. "SUB football is on the way". Stuff. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
  7. "Sub Football Call For Teams For 14th Season | Scoop News". www.scoop.co.nz. Retrieved 2017-08-09.
  8. Terry Macalister (2007-09-03). "Popularity of five-a-side kicks off profits | Business". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
  9. https://ifa7.com/index.php
  10. https://ifa7.com/index.php/ifa7-tournaments/world-cup
  11. https://www.publinews.gt/gt/deportes/2017/10/29/resultado-del-partido-guatemala-vs-rusia-final-la-ifa7-2017.html
  12. ESPN FC, Relegation Zone, Sep. 20, 2012, Soccer's big takeover
  13. New York Times, July 23, 2010, Soccer's Growth in the U.S. Seems Steady
  14. Livestrong.com, Jan. 6, 2011, The History of Women's High School Soccer
  15. 1 2 AYSO National Rules & Regulations AYSO 2011–2012 Version
  16. At a Glance | US Youth Soccer
  17. About AYSO
  18. Fun-Fair-Positive Soccer (FFPS) - Houston Youth Soccer for Kids
  19. Fun-Fair-Positive Soccer (FFPS) - Houston Soccer for Kids - Katy and the Greater Houston Area
  20. Hans Kundnani (2006-10-03). "Five-a-side fever nets increased turnover for Powerleague | Business". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-08-03.