Mediterranean Games

Last updated
Mediterranean Games
Mediterranean games logo.gif
Flag of the games
Alexandria Mediterranean Games 1951 logo.jpg
Alexandria Mediterranean Games 1951
First event1951, in Alexandria, Egypt
Occur everyFour years
Last event2018, Tarragona, Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
PurposeSports for the Mediterranean
PresidentAmar Addadi (Algeria)
Website International Mediterranean Games Committee

The Mediterranean Games is a multi-sport games held usually every four years, between nations around or very close to the Mediterranean Sea, where Europe, Africa, and Asia meet. The games are under the auspices of the International Committee of Mediterranean Games (CIJM).

Contents

History

The idea was proposed at the 1948 Summer Olympics by Muhammed Taher Pasha, chairman of the Egyptian Olympic Committee and vice-president of the International Olympic Committee (I.O.C.), assisted by the Greek member of the I.O.C. Ioannis Ketseas. [1] Separate Mediterranean sports events preceded the games. From 1947 to 1949, the Mediterranean Athletics Championships were contested, [2] [3] and the Mediterranean Cup football competition was held in 1949 and 1950. [4] The first official Mediterranean Games were held in Egypt in 1951.

The Games were inaugurated in October 1951, in Alexandria, Egypt, in honour of Muhammed Taher Pasha, with contests being held in 13 sports along with the participation of 734 athletes from 10 countries. In 1955, in Barcelona, during the II Games, the set up was decided of a Supervisory and Controlling Body for the Games, a kind of Executive Committee. The decisions were finally materialized on 16 June 1961, and the said Body was named, upon a Greek notion, ICMG (International Committee for the Mediterranean Games). Twelve countries were hosted for Mediterranean Games - four from Africa: Egypt (1951), Tunisia (1967, 2001), Algeria (1975) and Morocco (1983); six from Europe: Spain (1955, 2005, 2018), Italy (1963, 1997, 2009), Turkey (1971, 2013), Yugoslavia (1979), Greece (1991) and France (1993) and two from Asia: Lebanon (1959) and Syria (1987).

The first 11 games took place always one year preceding the Summer Olympic Games. However, from 1993 on, they were held the year following the Olympic games. This transition meant that the only time the Mediterranean Games were not held four years after the previous Games was in 1993, when Languedoc-Roussillon in France hosted the Games just two years after Athens.

Description

The Mediterranean Games, in terms of the preparation and composition of the National Delegation, are held under the auspices of the International Olympic Committee and the Hellenic Olympic Committee (HOC). However, their establishment too must be credited to the HOC, for it held a leading part in their being founded despite all difficulties.

Athens is the permanent seat of the ICMG (regardless of who the President might be) and the committee's General Secretary is Greek. This comes as a further tribute to Greece, highlighting its leading role with regard to the function and strengthening of the institution. Except that Greece bailed out of its 2013 Mediterranean Games commitment when the two cities of Volos and Larissa were supposed to host the 2013 edition of the Games. But because of Greece's financial troubles, they had to give that up and the 2013 honors went instead to Turkey, with the city of Mersin rescuing the 2013 edition of the Games instead.

The logo of the games, also referred to as the "Mediterranean Olympics", is composed of three white rings symbolically representing Africa, Asia, and Europe the three continents that border the Mediterranean Sea. This logo has been used since the Split games in 1979, for which it was devised and afterwards accepted for the whole Games. During the closing ceremony, the flag of the games is transferred to the country of the city chosen for the organization of the next Mediterranean Games.

Participating countries

Participating countries Partecipanti GdM.png
Participating countries

At present, 26 countries participate in the games: [5]

Kosovo was accepted as a member of the International Committee of Mediterranean Games in October 2015 and participated for the first time in the 2018 Mediterranean Games in Tarragona, Spain. [6]

Of all the National Olympic Committees within the Olympic Movement bordering the Mediterranean Sea, Israel and Palestine have not participated in the games, nor has Great Britain who represents the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.

In the case of Israel, Allen Guttman in The Games Must Go On argued that Israel's exclusion is both antisemitic and politically motivated due to antagonism towards Israel by the participating Arab nations. The IOC's Avery Brundage was not supportive of Israel's desire to compete, saying: "I cannot understand why anyone wants to go where he is not wanted". The International Amateur Athletics Federation pushed the issue at the 1959 Mediterranean Games in Beirut by refusing to grant permission to hold an athletics competition unless Israel were allowed to compete. Lebanese games organizer Gabriel Gemayel conceded to this, but sidestepped the ruling by holding a parallel Lebanese Games comprising athletics events between the present nations alongside the official Mediterranean Games competitions. [7]

There are countries not bordering the Mediterranean Sea which nonetheless participate: Portugal, Andorra, Kosovo, San Marino, Serbia and North Macedonia.

The Hellenic Olympic Committee has suggested that nine more countries that do not satisfy geographic criteria could be allowed to participate, such as Bulgaria, and some Arab countries such as Jordan and Iraq.[ citation needed ] Portugal competed in the 2018 Mediterranean Games after a decision which approved Portugal as effective National Olympic Committee. [8] [9]

Flag

The symbol of the Mediterranean Games consists of three rings representing Asia, Africa and Europe, the three continents involved in this competition. [10] The rings dissolve in a wavy line in their lower part, as if they were immersed in the Mediterranean Sea. During the closing ceremony, the flag is transferred to the country of the city chosen to host the next Mediterranean Games. [10]

Mediterranean Games

No inland city has ever hosted the games. All but one of the host cities to date have been situated on the Mediterranean coast (Casablanca is located on the Atlantic coast).

Cities that have hosted the Games Edizioni gdm.png
Cities that have hosted the Games
NoYearHost CityOpened byNationsCompetitorsSportsEventsTop Country On
Medal Table
MenWomenTotal
1 1951 Flag of Egypt (1922-1958).svg Alexandria Farouk I 10734---7341491Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
2 1955 Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg Barcelona Francisco Franco 101135---113520102Flag of France.svg  France
3 1959 Flag of Lebanon.svg Beirut Fuad Chehab 11792---79217106Flag of France.svg  France
4 1963 Flag of Italy.svg Naples Antonio Segni 131057---10571793Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
5 1967 Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunis Habib Bourguiba 1212113812491493Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
6 1971 Flag of Turkey.svg İzmir Cevdet Sunay 141235127136218137Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
7 1975 Flag of Algeria.svg Algiers Houari Boumédiène 152095349244419160Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
8 1979 Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Split Josip Broz Tito 142009399240826192Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia
9 1983 Flag of Morocco.svg Casablanca Hassan II 161845335218020162Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
10 1987 Flag of Syria.svg Latakia Hafez al-Assad 181529467199619162Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
11 1991 Flag of Greece.svg Athens Konstantinos Karamanlis 182176586276224217Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
12 1993 Flag of France.svg Languedoc-Roussillon François Mitterrand 201994604259824217Flag of France.svg  France
13 1997 Flag of Italy.svg Bari Oscar Luigi Scalfaro 212195804299927234Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
14 2001 Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunis Zine El Abidine Ben Ali 23 [11] 20021039304123230Flag of France.svg  France
15 2005 Flag of Spain.svg Almería Juan Carlos I 2121341080321427258Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
16 2009 Flag of Italy.svg Pescara Renato Schifani 2321831185336828244Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
17 2013 Flag of Turkey.svg Mersin Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 2419941070306427264Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
18 2018 Flag of Spain.svg Tarragona Felipe VI 2626561885454128246Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
19 2022 Flag of Algeria.svg Oran Abdelmadjid Tebboune (expected)26Future Event
20 2026 Flag of Italy.svg Taranto TBDFuture Event
Notes

    Mediterranean Beach Games

    The International Mediterranean Games Committee held a meeting on October 20, 2012 in Mersin, Turkey, and decided to organize the Mediterranean Beach Games every 4 years starting from 2015. The Games consist only water sports and beach sports, which aim at bringing together young athletes of the Mediterranean area, giving them the opportunity to participate in sport events. [12]

    Pescara, Italy was awarded the rights to host the first edition of the Mediterranean Beach Games from 28 August to 6 September. [13] The sports included in the program of the 1st Mediterranean Beach Games are the following: Aquathlon, Beach Handball, Beach Soccer, Beach Tennis, Beach Volley, Beach Wrestling, Finswimming, Canoe Ocean Racing, Open Water Swimming, Rowing Beach Sprint, and Water Ski.

    NoYearHost CountryHost CityNationsAthletesSportsTop Country On Medal Table
    1 2015Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Pescara 2490011Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
    2 2019Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Patras 2670011Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
    3 2023Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Pesaro

    Medal tables

    Competitions

    Throughout the history of the Mediterranean Games, 33 different sports have been presented.

    SportYears
    Archery pictogram.svg Archery Since 1971
    Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics Since 1951
    Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton Since 2013
    Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball Since 1951
    Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Beach volleyball Since 2005
    Bocce pictogram.svg Bocce Since 1997
    Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing Since 1951
    Canoeing pictogram.svg Canoeing Since 1979
    Cycling pictogram.svg Cycling Since 1955
    Diving pictogram.svg Diving Since 1951
    Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian Since 1955
    SportYears
    Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing Since 1951
    Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey Since 1955
    Football pictogram.svg Football Since 1951
    Golf pictogram.svg Golf Since 1983
    Gymnastics pictogram.svg Gymnastics Since 1951
    Handball pictogram.svg Handball Since 1967
    Judo pictogram.svg Judo Since 1971
    Karate pictogram.svg Karate Since 1993
    Roller hockey pictogram.svg Roller hockey Since 1955
    Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing Since 1951
    Rugby pictogram.svg Rugby union Since 1955
    SportYears
    Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing Since 1955
    Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting Since 1951
    Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming Since 1951
    Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis Since 1971
    Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo Since 2013
    Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis Since 1963
    Volleyball pictogram.svg Volleyball Since 1959
    Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo Since 1951
    Water skiing pictogram.svg Waterskiing Since 2009
    Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting Since 1951
    Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling Since 1951

    See also

    Related Research Articles

    The Games of the New Emerging Forces (GANEFO) were the games set up by Indonesia as a counter to the Olympic Games. Established for the athletes of the so-called "emerging nations", GANEFO was the name given both to the games held in Jakarta in 1963 and the 36-member sporting federation established the same year. A second GANEFO scheduled for Cairo in 1967 was cancelled and GANEFO had only one subsequent event, an "Asian GANEFO" held in Phnom Penh in 1966.

    1955 Mediterranean Games

    The II Mediterranean Games – Barcelona 1955, commonly known as the 1955 Mediterranean Games, were the 2nd Mediterranean Games. The Games were held in Barcelona, Spain over 10 days, from 15 to 25 July 1955, where 1,135 athletes from 10 countries participated. There were a total of 102 medal events from 19 different sports. In the medals table France was first on the podium, Italy second and Egypt came third.

    1959 Mediterranean Games

    The III Mediterranean Games – Beirut 1959, commonly known as the 1959 Mediterranean Games, were the 3rd Mediterranean Games. After visiting Africa and Europe, the Mediterranean Games were for the first time held in Asia in Beirut, Lebanon, thus completing the trio of continents belonging to the Mediterranean Sea.

    1967 Mediterranean Games

    The V Mediterranean Games – Tunis 1967, commonly known as the 1967 Mediterranean Games, were the 5th Mediterranean Games. The Games were held in Tunis, Tunisia over 9 days, from 8 to 17 September 1967, where 1,249 athletes from 11 countries participated. For the first time, women took part in the games. There were a total of 93 medal events from 14 different sports.

    1971 Mediterranean Games

    The VI Mediterranean Games – İzmir 1971, commonly known as the 1971 Mediterranean Games, were the 6th Mediterranean Games. The Games were held in İzmir, Turkey, from 6 to 17 October 1971, where 1,362 athletes from 15 countries participated. There were a total of 137 medal events from 18 different sports.

    1975 Mediterranean Games

    The VII Mediterranean Games – Algiers 1975, commonly known as the 1975 Mediterranean Games, were the 7th Mediterranean Games. The Games were held in Algiers, Algeria, from 23 August to 6 September 1975, where 2,444 athletes from 15 countries participated. There were a total of 160 medal events from 19 different sports.

    The VIII Mediterranean Games – Split 1979, commonly known as the 1979 Mediterranean Games, were the 8th Mediterranean Games. The Games were held in Split, Yugoslavia, from 15 to 29 September 1979, where 2,408 athletes from 14 countries participated. There were a total of 192 medal events from 26 different sports.

    1983 Mediterranean Games

    The IX Mediterranean Games – Casablanca 1983, commonly known as the 1983 Mediterranean Games, were the 9th Mediterranean Games. The Games were held in Casablanca, Morocco, from 3 to 17 September 1983, where 2,192 athletes from 16 countries participated. There were a total of 162 medal events from 20 different sports.

    1991 Mediterranean Games

    The XI Mediterranean Games – Athens 1991, commonly known as the 1991 Mediterranean Games, were the 11th Mediterranean Games. The Games were held in Athens, Greece, from 28 June to 12 July 1991, where 2,762 athletes from 18 countries participated. There were a total of 214 medal events from 24 different sports.

    1997 Mediterranean Games

    The XIII Mediterranean Games – Bari 1997, commonly known as the 1997 Mediterranean Games, were the 13th Mediterranean Games. The Games were held in Bari, Italy, from 13 to 25 June 1997, where 2,956 athletes from 21 countries participated. There were a total of 234 medal events from 27 different sports.

    2018 Mediterranean Games

    The XVIIIth Mediterranean Games, commonly known as the 2018 Mediterranean Games, were an international multi-sport event held from 22 June to 1 July 2018 in Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain. Kosovo took part for the first time.

    International Committee of Mediterranean Games

    The International Committee of Mediterranean Games is the organization of the National Olympic Committees who presides, regulates and organizes the Mediterranean Games. It is based in sport complex OACA in Athens.

    2009 Mediterranean Games 16th edition of the Mediterranean Games

    The 2009 Mediterranean Games, officially the XVI Mediterranean Games and commonly known as Pescara 2009, was a multi-sport event held in Pescara, Italy, from 26 June to 5 July 2009. It was governed by the International Committee of Mediterranean Games (ICMG). A total of 3,368 athletes from 23 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participated in the Games. Montenegro participated for the first time at the Mediterranean Games, after their independence in 2006. The program included competitions in 24 different sports, including three non-Olympic sports – bocce, karate, and water skiing – and golf, which will be reinstated as an official Olympic sport in 2016 Summer Olympics. Water skiing was introduced as a demonstration sport. Two disabled sports, athletics and swimming, were also contested in the Games. Italy became the first nation to host the Mediterranean Games three times, having previously hosted them in Naples (1963) and Bari (1997).

    2013 Mediterranean Games 17th edition of the Mediterranean Games

    The 2013 Mediterranean Games, officially known as the XVII Mediterranean Games, was an international multi-sport event held in the tradition of the Mediterranean Games, as governed by the International Committee of Mediterranean Games (ICMG). The host city of the Games was Mersin, Turkey, as announced after an on-line poll conducted on 23 February 2011 by the ICMG. The games were held from 20 to 30 June 2013. Mersin is the second city in Turkey after İzmir to host the Mediterranean Games. All 24 member National Olympic Committees (NOCs) of the ICMG participated in the Games. The official programme for the Games is featuring events in 27 different sports.

    2009 Mediterranean Games medal table

    The 2009 Mediterranean Games, officially known as the XVI Mediterranean Games, was a multi-sport event held in Pescara, Italy, from 26 June to 5 July 2009. A record total of 3,368 athletes—2,183 men and 1,185 women—representing 23 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participated in the Games. The number of competing NOCs was the highest in Mediterranean Games history, alongside Tunis 2001.

    The XIXth Mediterranean Games, commonly known as the 2022 Mediterranean Games, will be the 19th Mediterranean Games. The Games will be held in Oran, Algeria, originally scheduled for 10 June to 20 June 2021. Oran is the second city in Algeria to host the Mediterranean Games after Algiers which hosted the 1975 Mediterranean Games.

    2015 Mediterranean Beach Games

    The 2015 Mediterranean Beach Games was the first edition of the Mediterranean Beach Games. It was held from 28 August to 6 September 2015 in Pescara, Italy.

    The International Mediterranean Games Committee held a meeting on October 20, 2012 in Mersin, Turkey, and decided to organize the Mediterranean Beach Games every 4 years starting from 2015. The Games consist only water sports and beach sports, which aim at bringing together young athletes of the Mediterranean area, giving them the opportunity to participate in sport events.

    2019 Mediterranean Beach Games

    The 2019 Mediterranean Beach Games is the second edition of the Mediterranean Beach Games. It was held from 25 to 31 August 2019 in Patras, Greece.

    References

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    2. εφ. "Αθλητική Ημέρα", Μάιος 1935.
    3. "Mediterranean Games". gbrathletics.com. Retrieved 21 December 2012. The Mediterranean Games were first held in 1951, although an unofficial Games was previously held in 1949.
    4. Mediterranean Cup and Games. RSSSF. Retrieved 2019-08-16.
    5. "Participating countries". pescara2009.it. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
    6. Kosovo accepted as member of International Committee of the Mediterranean Games.
    7. The games must go on: Avery Brundage and the Olympic movement, Allen Guttmann, page 225.
    8. "Participation of Portugal in the MG Tarragona 2017". cijm.org.gr. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
    9. "Portugal new member of the ICMG". cijm.org.gr. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
    10. 1 2 "Mediterranean Games History". Mediterranean Games Site. 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-02.
    11. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-28. Retrieved 2013-06-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
    12. 1 2 "International Committee of the Mediterranean Games".
    13. "Pescara 2015 - Italia". www.pescara2015.it. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
    14. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 "Medals table per country and per Games".