Central American Games

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The Central American Games (Spanish : Juegos Deportivos Centroamericanos) are a multi-sport regional championships event, held quadrennial (every 4 years), typically in the first year after Summer Olympics. The Games are open for member federations of the Central American Sports Organization (Spanish: Organización Deportiva Centroamericana) ORDECA in Central American countries. [1] (in Spanish)

Spanish language Romance language

Spanish or Castilian is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.

A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-states. The first major, modern, multi-sport event of international significance is the modern Olympic Games.

ORDECA

The Central American Sports Organization is an international organization which represents the current 7 National Olympic Committees of the Central American region. It is affiliated with the Pan American Sports Organization.

Contents

The Games have had an equivalent to the Olympic Flame, being ignited in Q'umarkaj, one of the ancient cultural Mayan centers located in El Quiché, Guatemala. [2] However, some people and organizations have criticised the games for not including the Mesoamerican ballgame, the oldest ball sport in the continent, on the sports programme.

Quiché Department Department in Guatemala

Quiché is a department of Guatemala.

Guatemala Republic in Central America

Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala, is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an estimated population of around 16.6 million, it is the most populated country in Central America. Guatemala is a representative democracy; its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.

The Mesoamerican ballgame was a sport with ritual associations played since 1400 B.C. by the pre-Columbian people of Ancient Mesoamerica. The sport had different versions in different places during the millennia, and a newer more modern version of the game, ulama, is still played in a few places by the indigenous population.

The competition is the second multi-sport event to have the name: the Central American and Caribbean Games began life in 1926 as the Central American Games and had this moniker until it expanded its remit in 1935.

The Central American and Caribbean Games are a multi-sport regional championship event, held quadrennial, typically in the middle (even) year between Summer Olympics. The Games are for countries in Central America, the Caribbean, Mexico, and the South American Caribbean countries of Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.

Editions

Outline map of Central America.svg
Host cities of the Central American Games
YearEventOpened byHost CountryHost CityDurationCountriesSports [3] AthletesTop Placed Team
1973 I Alejandro Maldonado Aguirre Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Guatemala City 24 November – 2 December616966Flag of Panama.svg  Panama
1977 II Carlos Humberto Romero Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador San Salvador 25 November – 4 December5181282Flag of Panama.svg  Panama
1986 III Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Guatemala City 4–10 January520 + 3 exh.1320Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
1990 IV José Azcona Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras Tegucigalpa 5–14 January622 + 1 exh.2082Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
1994 V Armando Calderón Sol Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador San Salvador 25 November – 1 December7272112Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador
1997 VI Carlos Roberto Reina Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras San Pedro Sula 5–15 December725 + 1 exh.2290Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador
2001 VII Harris Whitbeck Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Guatemala City 22 November – 3 December729 + 1 exh.2182Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
2006 VIII Melitón Sánchez Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua Managua 2–12 March6191095Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
2010 IX Ricardo Martinelli Flag of Panama.svg  Panama Panama City 9–19 April6231739Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador
2013 X Laura Chinchilla Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica San José 3–17 March726 + 3 exh.2738Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
2017 XI Daniel Ortega Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua Managua 3–17 December727 + 1 exh.3500Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
2021 XII Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador Santa Tecla 5–19 December7

All time medal table (1997 - 2017)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala  (GUA)5354813821398
2Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador  (ESA)4633513881202
3Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica  (CRC)3423433751060
4Flag of Panama.svg  Panama  (PAN)203235272710
5Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua  (NIC)166230383779
6Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras  (HON)166225333724
7Flag of Belize.svg  Belize  (BLZ)11253268
Totals (7 nations)1886189021655941

Sports

Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same color:

     Aquatics     Cycling     Football     Gymnastics     Roller sports     Volleyball

The Central American Games football tournament is a football competition organised by UNCAF and ORDECA. It is scheduled to be held every four years.

Volleyball has been in the Central American Games event since the first inaugural edition in 1973 in Guatemala City, Guatemala Since then the volleyball competitions for both men and women was presented in all editions except the 2006 Central American Games Edition That was Cancelled at that time.

Sport (Discipline) Body 73 77 86 90 94 97 01 06 10 13 17
WorldCentral America
 
Diving Diving pictogram.svg FINA CCCAN X
Open water swimming Pictgram swimming.svg X X
Swimming Swimming pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X X
Synchronized swimming Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg X X
Water polo Water polo pictogram.svg X X X X X X X
 
Archery Archery pictogram.svg FITA COPARCO X X
Athletics Athletics pictogram.svg IAAF CADICA X X X X X X X X X X X
Badminton Badminton pictogram.svg BWF BPA X
Baseball Baseball pictogram.svg IBAF COPABE X X X X X X X X X X
Basketball Basketball pictogram.svg FIBA FIBA Americas X X X X X X X X X X X
Bodybuilding Bodybuilding pictogram.svg IFBB CACBBFF X X X X X X X X
Bowling Bowling pictogram.svg FIQ PABCON X X X X X X
Boxing Boxing pictogram.svg AIBA AMBC X X X X X X X X X X X
Chess Chess pictogram.svg FIDE CCA X X X X X X X X
 
BMX racing Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg UCI COPACI X
Mountain Biking Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg X X
Road Cycling Cycling (road) pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Equestrian Equestrian pictogram.svg FEI PAEC X X X X X X X X X X
Fencing Fencing pictogram.svg FIE CPE X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Football Football pictogram.svg FIFA UNCAF X X X X X X X X X
Futsal Futsal pictogram.svg X X X
 
Gymnastics Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg FIG UPAG X X X X X X X X
 
Handball Handball pictogram.svg IHF PATHF X X X X
Judo Judo pictogram.svg IJF PJC X X X X X X X X X X X
Karate Karate pictogram.svg WKF PKF X X X X X X
Racquetball Racquets pictogram.svg IRF PARC X X X X X X X
 
Roller speed skating Speed rolling pictogram.jpg FIRS CPRS X X
 
Rowing Rowing pictogram.svg FISA X X X X
Sailing Sailing pictogram.svg ISAF X X
Shooting Shooting pictogram.svg ISSF CAT X X X X X X X X
Softball Softball pictogram.svg ISF CONPASA X X X X X X X X X X X
Squash Squash pictogram.svg WSF FPS X X
Table tennis Table tennis pictogram.svg ITTF LATTU X X X X X X X X X X X
Taekwondo Taekwondo pictogram.svg WTF PATU X X X X X X X X
Tennis Tennis pictogram.svg ITF COTECC X X X X X X X X X
Triathlon Triathlon pictogram.svg ITU PATCO X X X X X X X
 
Beach Volleyball Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg FIVB NORCECA X X X X
Volleyball Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg X X X X X X X X X X
 
Weightlifting Weightlifting pictogram.svg IWF PAWC X X X X X X X X X X X
Wrestling Wrestling pictogram.svg UWW CPLA X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Total sports161820+322+12725+129+11923

: Exhibition contest

See also

Related Research Articles

Bolivarian Games sporting event

The Bolivarian Games are a regional multi-sport event held in honor of Simón Bolívar, and organized by the Bolivarian Sports Organization. The event is open to athletes from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. In 2010, ODEBO decided to include Chile as seventh member of ODEBO.

2010 Central American and Caribbean Games

The 21st Central American and Caribbean Games took place in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, from 18 July 2010 to 1 August 2010.

2010 Central American Games

The IX Central American Games was a multi-sport event that took place between 9 and 19 April 2010. The competition featured 23 sports which were contested at various venues, with Panama acting as the primary host country and El Salvador playing a supporting role.

2018 Central American and Caribbean Games

The 23rd Central American and Caribbean Games were held in Barranquilla, Colombia.

Athletics competitions have been held at the quadrennial Central American Games that are open for member federations of the Central American Sports Organization ORDECA since the inaugural edition 1973 in Ciudad de Guatemala, Guatemala. The 1981 games was cancelled due to the unstable political situation in the region. In 2006 the athletics events were not contested by Costa Rica, El Salvador or Panamá. In 2010, Guatemala did not participate.

The VIII Central American Games was a multi-sport event that took place between 3 and 12 March 2006.

Athletics competitions at the 2001 Central American Games were held at the Estadio La Pedrera in Guatemala City, Guatemala, between November 30 - December 3, 2001.

2001 Central American Games

The VII Central American Games was a multi-sport event that took place between 22 November and 3 December 2001.

Athletics competitions at the 1997 Central American Games were held at the Estadio Olímpico Metropolitano in San Pedro Sula, Honduras, between December 12-15, 1997.

The VI Central American Games was a multi-sport event that took place between 5–15 December 1997. The shooting competitions were hosted by San Salvador, El Salvador.

Athletics at the 1994 Central American Games

Athletics competitions at the 1994 Central American Games were held at the Estadio Flor Blanca in San Salvador, El Salvador, in November – December 1, 1994.

Athletics at the 1990 Central American Games

Athletics competitions at the 1990 Central American Games were held at the Estadio Tiburcio Carías Andino in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, in January, 1990.

Athletics competitions at the 1986 Central American Games were held at the Estadio Nacional Mateo Flores in Guatemala City, Guatemala, in January 1986.

Athletics competitions at the 1973 Central American Games were held at the Estadio Nacional Mateo Flores in Guatemala City, Guatemala, in November 1973.

1994 Central American Games

The V Central American Sports Games was a multi-sport event held in San Salvador, El Salvador between January 10 and January 23, 1994.

The IV Central American Games was a multi-sport event that took place between 5–14 January 1990. The games were officially opened by Honduran president José Azcona. Torch lighter was Zacarías Arzú, who represented Honduras internationally in both baseball and football.

The III Central American Games was a multi-sport event that took place between 4–10 January 1986. Initially, the Games were scheduled for 1981 in Managua, Nicaragua, but were cancelled due to the unstable political situation.

1977 Central American Games

The II Central American Games was a multi-sport event that took place between 25 November - 4 December 1977.

The I Central American Games was a multi-sport event that took place between 24 November - 2 December 1973.

References

  1. Centroamericanos - Resultados en la historia (in Spanish), masgoles.com, archived from the original on September 19, 2012, retrieved August 10, 2012
  2. Comenzaron los juegos ayer en Guatemala (in Spanish), La Nación, Costa Rica, November 25, 1973, p. 35 (original page no.: 62A), retrieved August 27, 2012
  3. Pregunta 270 sobre (in Spanish), masgoles.com, September 27, 2011, retrieved August 10, 2012