Elections in Panama

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Coat of arms of Panama.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Panama

Panama elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president and the vice-president are elected on one ballot for a five-year term by the people. The National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) has 71 members, elected for a five-year term in single-seat and multi-seat constituencies.

Contents

Political culture

Panama has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

Schedule

Election

Position200920102011201220132014
TypePresidential (May)
National Congress (May)
Gubernatorial (May)
NonePresidential (May)
National Congress (May)
Gubernatorial (May)
President and
vice president
President and vice presidentNonePresident and vice president
National CongressAll seatsNoneAll seats
Provinces, cities and municipalitiesAll positionsNoneAll positions

Inauguration

Position200920102011201220132014
TypePresidential (July)
National Congress (July)
Gubernatorial (July)
NonePresidential (July)
National Congress (July)
Gubernatorial (July)
President and
vice president
1 JulyNone1 July
National Congress1 JulyNone1 July
Provinces, cities and municipalities1 JulyNone1 July

Latest elections

CandidatePartyVotes%
Juan Carlos Varela Panameñista Party 724,76239.09
José Domingo Arias Democratic Change 581,82831.38
Juan Carlos Navarro Democratic Revolutionary Party 521,84228.14
Genaro López Broad Front for Democracy 11,1270.60
Juan JovanéIndependent10,8050.58
Esteban RodríguezIndependent2,2400.12
Gerardo BarrosoIndependent1,5980.09
Invalid/blank votes37,106
Total1,886,308100
Registered voters/turnout2,457,40176.76
Source: Election Tribunal

Past elections and referendums

e    d  Summary of the 3 May 2009 Panamanian presidential election results
CandidatesPartiesVotes%
Ricardo Martinelli Democratic Change, Patriotic Union Party, Panameñista Party, Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement 952,33359.97
Balbina Herrera Democratic Revolutionary Party, People's Party, Liberal Party 597,22737.70
Guillermo Endara Fatherland's Moral Vanguard Party 36,8672.33
Valid votes (turnout 73.99%)1,558,445100.0
Blank votes19,1051.17
Invalid votes30,9761.89
Total votes1,636,508100.00
Source: Tribunal Electoral
e    d  Summary of the 3 May 2009 Panamanian National Assembly election results
AlliancesPartiesVotes%Seats
One Country for All Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD)537,42635.7%26
People's Party (PP)55,5983.7%1
Liberal Party (PL)18,1111.2%0
Alliance for Change Democratic Change (CD)352,31923.4%14
Panameñista Party (PAN)334,28222.2%22
Patriotic Union (UP)85,6095.7%4
Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement (MOLIRENA)70,4574.7%2
Independents 35,7932.4%2
Moral Vanguard of the Fatherland (VMP)14,7601.0%0
Valid votes (turnout 70.05%)1,504,355100.0%71
Source: Tribunal Electoral
e    d  Summary of the 2 May 2004 Panama presidential election results
CandidatesPartiesVotes%
Martín Torrijos New Fatherland (Democratic Revolutionary PartyPeople's Party coalition)711,44747.44
Guillermo Endara Solidarity Party 462,76630.86
José Miguel Alemán Arnulfista Party 245,84516.39
Ricardo Martinelli Democratic Change 79,5955.31
Total (turnout 76.9%)1,499,072100.0
Ballot papers left blank17,3661.13
Spoiled ballot papers21,2761.38
Total votes1,537,714
e    d  Summary of the 2 May 2004 National Assembly of Panama election results
PartiesVotes%Seats
Democratic Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Democrático)37.841
Arnulfista Party (Partido Arnulfista )19.217
Solidarity Party (Partido Solidaridad)15.79
Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement (Movimiento Liberal Republicano Nacionalista)8.64
Democratic Change (Cambio Democrático)7.43
People's Party (Partido Popular)6.01
National Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Nacional)5.23
Total (turnout 76.9 %) 78
Source: Source: Tribunal Electoral de Panama

See also

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