Elections in Honduras

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Honduras National Congress has 128 members (diputados); they serve four-year terms.

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Honduras elects on national level a head of state the president and a legislature. The President of Honduras is elected for a four-year term by the people by a simple majority of valid votes (nulls and blanks excluded). The unicameral National Congress (Congreso Nacional) has 128 members (diputados), elected for four-year term by proportional representation to represent the country's various departments. Honduras' presidential elections are held on the last Sunday of November of the election year.

Honduras republic in Central America

Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras, is a country in Central America. In the past, it was sometimes referred to as "Spanish Honduras" to differentiate it from British Honduras, which later became modern-day Belize. The republic of Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

A head of state is the public persona who officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state. Depending on the country's form of government and separation of powers, the head of state may be a ceremonial figurehead or concurrently the head of government. In a parliamentary system the head of state is the de jure leader of the nation, and there is a separate de facto leader, often with the title of prime minister. In contrast, a semi-presidential system has both heads of state and government as the leaders de facto of the nation.

The president is a common title for the head of state in most republics. In politics, president is a title given to leaders of republican states.

Honduras has a multi-party system, but used to have a two-party system, which means that there were two dominant political parties: the Liberal Party of Honduras (PLH) and the National Party of Honduras (PNH). Ahead of the 2013 general election various new parties emerged as contenders for power and influence. Elections in Honduras gives information on elections and election results in the Honduras.

A multi-party system is a system in which multiple political parties across the political spectrum run for national election, and all have the capacity to gain control of government offices, separately or in coalition. Apart from one-party-dominant and two-party systems, multi-party systems tend to be more common in parliamentary systems than presidential systems and far more common in countries that use proportional representation compared to countries that use first-past-the-post elections.

A two-party system is a party system where two major political parties dominate the government. One of the two parties typically holds a majority in the legislature and is usually referred to as the majority or governing party while the other is the minority or opposition party. Around the world, the term has different senses. For example, in the United States, Jamaica, and Malta, the sense of two-party system describes an arrangement in which all or nearly all elected officials belong to one of the only two major parties, and third parties rarely win any seats in the legislature. In such arrangements, two-party systems are thought to result from various factors like winner-takes-all election rules. In such systems, while chances for third-party candidates winning election to major national office are remote, it is possible for groups within the larger parties, or in opposition to one or both of them, to exert influence on the two major parties. In contrast, in the United Kingdom and Australia and in other parliamentary systems and elsewhere, the term two-party system is sometimes used to indicate an arrangement in which two major parties dominate elections but in which there are viable third parties which do win seats in the legislature, and in which the two major parties exert proportionately greater influence than their percentage of votes would suggest.

Liberal Party of Honduras political party

The Liberal Party of Honduras is a centre-right liberal political party in Honduras that was founded in 1891. The party is a member of the Liberal International. The PLH is identified with the color red and white, as the flag Francisco Morazan used in most of his military campaigns during time of the Central American Federal Republic.

Primary elections of Honduras

Primary elections in Honduras, are mechanisms by means of which the political parties of the country choose their presidential candidates, held during the third year in office of the current government. These primary elections are not compulsory, nor paid for by the state The electoral high court of Honduras regulates this process, and the National Register of the People is an organism of support that gives legitimacy to the electoral process.

Primary elections in Honduras

Primary elections in Honduras The primary elections in Honduras, are mechanisms through which the political parties of the country choose their presidential candidates, they are made during the third year of government of the current government, specifically the second Sunday of March of every four years in the same year eight months before the general elections according to the amendment to article 113 of the Electoral Law of Honduras carried out in 2014. These are not mandatory or paid for by the state. The Supreme Electoral Tribunal of Honduras is the regulator of this process, the National Registry of Persons is a support body that gives legitimacy to the electoral process.

A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.

General elections of Honduras

General elections in Honduras are held during the fourth year in office of the government, some months before finalising his mandate and a year after the primary elections that chose the presidential candidates of each political party. In them they renewed the headlines of the charges of popular election of the Republic of Honduras.

Schedule

Election

Position200920102011201220132017
TypePresidential (November)
National Congress (November)
Gubernatorial (November)
NonePresidential (November)
National Congress (November)
Gubernatorial (November)
Central American Parliament(November)
Presidential (November)
National Congress (November)
Central American Parliament(November)
Mayoral (November)
President and
vice president
President and vice presidentNonePresident and vice presidentPresident and vice president
National CongressAll seatsNoneAll seatsAll seats
Provinces, cities and municipalitiesAll positionsNoneAll positionsAll positions
Central American ParliamentAll seatsNoneAll seatsAll seats

Inauguration

Position201020112012201320142017
TypePresidential (January)
National Congress (January)
Gubernatorial (January)
NonePresidential (January)
National Congress (January)
Gubernatorial (January)
Central American Parliament (January)
Presidential (January)
National Congress (January)
Central American Parliament (January)
Mayoral (January)
President and
vice president
27 JanuaryNone27 January27 January
National Congress27 JanuaryNone27 January27 January
Provinces, cities and municipalities27 JanuaryNone27 January27 January
Central American Parliament27 JanuaryNone27 January27 January

Recent elections

2017 Presidential and parliamentary elections

2013 Presidential and parliamentary elections

2009 Presidential and parliamentary elections

Disputed in the wake of the 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis

2009 Honduran constitutional crisis

The 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis was a political dispute over plans to either rewrite the Constitution of Honduras or write a new one.

2005 Presidential election

e    d  Summary of the 27 November 2005 Honduras presidential election results
Candidates and nominating partiesVotes%
José Manuel Zelaya Rosales - Liberal Party of Honduras (Partido Liberal de Honduras )999,00645.6%
Porfirio Lobo Sosa - National Party of Honduras (Partido Nacional de Honduras)923,24342.2%
Juan Ángel Almendares Bonilla - Democratic Unification Party (Unificación Democrática)29,7541.4%
Juan Ramón Martínez - Christian Democratic Party of Honduras (Partido Demócrata Cristiano de Honduras)27,8121.3%
Carlos Sosa Coello - Innovation and Unity Party (Partido Innovación y Unidad)20,0930.9%
Valid Votes Total2,000,90891.5%
Null133,3516.1%
Blank55,1392.5%
Total2,190,398100.0%
Registered voters3,976,55055.1%
Source: TSE Honduras government election website

2005 Parliamentary election

e    d  Summary of the 27 November 2005 National Congress of Honduras election results
PartiesSeats
Liberal Party of Honduras (Partido Liberal de Honduras)62
National Party of Honduras (Partido Nacional de Honduras)55
Democratic Unification Party (Partido de Unificación Democrática)5
Christian Democratic Party of Honduras (Partido Demócrata Cristiano de Honduras)4
Innovation and Unity Party (Partido Innovación y Unidad)2
Total votes: 1,833,710 (turnout 45.97 %)128
Registered voters: 3,988,605
Source regarding number of votes IPU Parline

Past elections

See also

Politics of Honduras

Politics of Honduras takes place in a framework of a multi-party system presidential representative democratic republic. The President of Honduras is both head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in the National Congress of Honduras. The party system is dominated by the conservative National Party of Honduras and the Liberal Party of Honduras. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

The Republic of Honduras has had a considerable number of constitutional codes through its history.

Supreme Court of Honduras

The Supreme Court of Honduras is the Supreme Court and Constitutional Court of Honduras. The Supreme Court is the highest judicial authority in Honduras.

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