List of presidents of Honduras

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This article lists the presidents of Honduras , since the country declared its independence from Spain on 15 September 1821.


Heads of state of Honduras within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1839)

On 1 July 1823 Honduras, along with Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, declared its independence from the First Mexican Empire to form the short lived Federal Republic of Central America, also known as United Provinces of Central America. Honduras remained as a member state until it decided to separate in 1838. The entire union dissolved in civil war between 5 November 1838, when Nicaragua separated from the federation, and about 1840.

No.PortraitHead of State
Term of officePolitical party
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1 DionisioDeHerrera.jpg Dionisio de Herrera
Supreme Director
16 September 182410 May 1827
2 years, 236 daysLiberal
2 Jose Justo Milla.JPG Jose Justo Millia
10 May 182713 September 1827126 daysLiberal
Cleto Bendana.png Cleto Bendaña
13 September 182724 October 182741 daysConservative
3 Coat of arms of Honduras.svg José Jeronimo Zelaya
27 October 182711 November 182715 daysConservative
4 MiguelEusebioBustamante.jpg Miguel Eusebio Bustamante
11 November 182726 November 182715 daysLiberal
General Francisco Morazan.JPG Francisco Morazán
26 November 182730 June 1828217 daysLiberal
5 Dvijil.JPG Diego Vigil Cocaña
30 June 18282 December 18291 year, 155 daysLiberal
6 General Francisco Morazan.JPG Francisco Morazán
2 December 182924 December 182922 daysLiberal
7 Juan Angel Arias.jpg Juan Ángel Arias
24 December 182922 April 1830119 daysLiberal
(6) General Francisco Morazan.JPG Francisco Morazán
22 April 183028 July 183097 daysLiberal
Jose Santos del Valle.png Jose Santos del Valle
28 July 183012 March 1831227 daysConservative
8 Jose Antonio Marquez.png Jose Antonio Marquez
12 March 183122 March 18321 year, 10 daysConservative
9 Jose Francisco Milla.png Jose Francisco Milla Guevara
22 March 18327 January 1833291 daysConservative
10 Joaquin-Rivera-Bragas.png Joaquín Rivera
7 January 183331 December 18363 years, 359 days Independent
JoseMariaMS.png José María Martinez Salinas
1 January 183728 May 1837147 days Independent
11 JustoJHerrera.png Justo Herrera
28 May 18373 September 18381 year, 98 daysLiberal
12 JoseMariaMS.png José María Martinez Salinas
3 September 183812 November 183870 days Independent
13 Coat of arms of Honduras.svg José Lino Matute
12 November 18389 January 183958 daysLiberal

Presidents of independent Honduras (1839–present)

Honduras declared itself independent on 15 November 1838, and a constitution was formally adopted in January 1839. After a period of instability, conservative General Francisco Ferrera became the first elected president of the country for a two-year term, but then extended his de facto control of the nation for the next five years.

Most presidents after 1900 represent one of the two dominant political parties, the Liberal Party of Honduras (PLH) and the National Party of Honduras (PNH).

The most recent general election was held on 28 November 2021, with Xiomara Castro of Libre elected president, taking office on 27 January 2022. [1] [2]

ElectedTerm of officePolitical party
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1 Juan Francisco de Molina.jpg Juan Francisco de Molina 11 January 183913 April 183992 daysLiberal
Felipe Neri Medina.jpg Felipe Neri Medina
Acting President
13 April 183915 April 18392 daysLiberal
Juan Jose Alvarado.png Juan José Alvarado
Acting President
15 April 183927 April 183912 days Independent
JoseMariaGuerrero.jpg José María Guerrero
Acting President
27 April 183910 August 1839105 daysConservative
Mariano-Garrigo.png Mariano Garrigó
Acting President
10 August 183920 August 183910 days Independent
Jose Maria Bustillo.JPG José María Bustillo
Acting President
20 August 183927 August 18397 daysConservative
Coat of arms of Honduras.svg Council of Ministers27 August 183921 September 183925 daysCouncil of Ministers
Jose Francisco Zelaya y Ayes.jpg Francisco Zelaya y Ayes
Acting President
21 September 18391 January 18411 year, 102 daysConservative
2 General Francisco Ferrera.JPG Francisco Ferrera
1 January 184131 December 18421 year, 364 daysConservative
Coat of arms of Honduras.svg Council of Ministers1 January 184323 February 184353 daysCouncil of Ministers
3 General Francisco Ferrera.JPG Francisco Ferrera
23 February 184331 December 18441 year, 312 daysConservative
Coat of arms of Honduras.svg Council of Ministers1 January 18458 January 18457 daysCouncil of Ministers
4 Chavez-Coronado.png Coronado Chávez
8 January 18451 January 18471 year, 358 daysConservative
Coat of arms of Honduras.svg Council of Ministers1 January 184712 February 184742 daysCouncil of Ministers
5 Licenciado Juan Lindo, Presidente de El Salvador y de Honduras.jpg Juan Lindo
12 February 18471 February 18524 years, 354 daysConservative
Francisco Gomez.jpg Francisco Gómez
Acting President
1 February 18521 March 185229 daysLiberal
6 Jose Trinidad Cabanas 001.jpg José Trinidad Cabañas
1852 1 March 185218 October 18553 years, 231 daysLiberal
JoseSantiagoBS.jpg José Santiago Bueso
Acting President
18 October 18558 November 185521 daysLiberal
Francisco de Aguilar (politico).JPG Francisco de Aguilar
Acting President
8 November 185517 February 1856101 daysLiberal
7 Jose Santos Guardiola.jpg José Santos Guardiola
17 February 185611 January 18625 years, 328 daysConservative
Jose Francisco Montes Fonseca.JPG José Francisco Montes
Acting President
11 January 18624 February 186224 daysLiberal
Victoriano Castellanos Cortes.JPG Victoriano Castellanos
Acting President
4 February 186211 December 1862310 daysLiberal
Jose Francisco Montes Fonseca.JPG José Francisco Montes
Acting President
11 December 18627 September 1863270 daysLiberal
General Jose Maria Medina.jpg José María Medina
Acting President
7 September 186331 December 1863115 daysConservative
Coat of arms of Honduras.svg Francisco Inestroza
Acting President
31 December 186315 March 186475 daysConservative
Francisco Cruz Castro.JPG Francisco Cruz Castro
Provisional President
5 September 186914 January 1870131 daysConservative
8 General Jose Maria Medina.jpg José María Medina
15 March 186426 July 18728 years, 133 daysConservative
Celeo Arias.jpg Céleo Arias
Provisional President
26 July 187213 January 18741 year, 171 daysLiberal
9 Ponciano Leiva.jpg Ponciano Leiva
1874 13 January 18748 June 18762 years, 147 daysConservative
Coat of arms of Honduras.svg Marcelino Mejía
Provisional President
8 June 187613 June 18765 daysConservative
Coat of arms of Honduras.svg Crescencio Gómez
Provisional President
13 June 187612 August 187660 daysConservative
General Jose Maria Medina.jpg José María Medina
Provisional President
12 August 187627 August 187615 daysConservative
10 Marco Aurelio Soto.JPG Marco Aurelio Soto
27 August 187619 October 18837 years, 53 daysLiberal
Coat of arms of Honduras.svg Council of Ministers19 October 188330 November 188342 daysCouncil of Ministers
11 El General Luis Bogran.jpg Luis Bográn
30 November 188330 November 18918 yearsConservative
12 Ponciano Leiva.jpg Ponciano Leiva
1891 30 November 18917 August 18931 year, 250 daysConservative
13 Domingo Vasquez.jpg Domingo Vásquez
1893 7 August 189322 February 1894199 daysConservative
14 Policarpo Bonilla 01.jpg Policarpo Bonilla
1894 22 February 18941 February 18994 years, 344 days Liberal
15 Terencio Sierra photo.JPG Terencio Sierra
1898 1 February 18991 February 19034 years Liberal
16 Coat of arms of Honduras.svg Juan Ángel Arias Boquín
1 February 190313 April 190371 days Liberal
17 Manuel Bonilla.jpg Manuel Bonilla
1902 13 April 190325 February 19073 years, 318 days National
MIGUEL OQUELI BUSTILLO.jpg Miguel Oquelí Bustillo
Chairman of the Provisional Government Junta
25 February 190718 April 190752 days Liberal
18 Miguel Rafael Davila Cuellar.jpg Miguel R. Dávila
18 April 190728 March 19113 years, 344 days Liberal
FranciscoBertrand.jpg Francisco Bertrand
Acting President
28 March 19111 February 1912310 days National
19 Manuel Bonilla.jpg Manuel Bonilla
1911 1 February 191221 March 19131 year, 48 days National
20 FranciscoBertrand.jpg Francisco Bertrand
1915 21 March 19139 September 19196 years, 172 days National
Coat of arms of Honduras.svg Salvador Aguirre
Acting President
9 September 191916 September 19197 days National
Vicente Mejia Colindres.jpg Vicente Mejía Colindres
Acting President
16 September 19195 October 191919 days Liberal
Francisco-bogran.jpg Francisco Bográn
Acting President
5 October 19191 February 1920119 days Liberal
21 Rafael Lopez Gutierrez.jpg Rafael López Gutiérrez
1919 1 February 192010 March 19244 years, 68 days Liberal
Coat of arms of Honduras.svg Francisco Bueso
Acting President
10 March 192427 April 192448 days Liberal
Dictador General Tiburcio Carias Andino.jpg Tiburcio Carías Andino
First Chief of the Liberating Revolution
1923 27 April 192430 April 19243 days National
Coat of arms of Honduras.svg Vicente Tosta
Provisional President
30 April 19241 February 1925277 days Liberal
22 Miguel Paz Barahona.jpg Miguel Paz Barahona
1924 1 February 19251 February 19294 years National
23 Vicente Mejia Colindres.jpg Vicente Mejía Colindres
1928 1 February 19291 February 19334 years Liberal
24 Dictador General Tiburcio Carias Andino.jpg Tiburcio Carías Andino
1 February 19331 January 194915 years, 335 days National
25 Juan Manuel Gálvez
1948 1 January 19495 December 19545 years, 338 days National
Julio Lozano Díaz
Supreme Head of State
5 December 195421 October 19561 year, 321 days National
Coat of arms of Honduras.svg Military Junta 21 October 195621 December 19571 year, 61 days Military
26 Ramon Villeda Morales 1962r.jpg Ramón Villeda Morales
21 December 19573 October 1963
5 years, 286 days Liberal
27 Oswaldo López Arellano
1965 3 October 19637 June 19717 years, 247 days Military
28 Ramón Ernesto Cruz Uclés
1971 7 June 19714 December 19721 year, 180 days National
Oswaldo López Arellano
Head of State
4 December 197222 April 1975
2 years, 139 days Military
Juan Alberto Melgar Castro
Head of State
22 April 19757 August 19783 years, 107 days Military
Policarpo Paz García
Provisional President
1980 7 August 197827 January 19823 years, 173 days Military
29 Roberto Suazo Córdova
1981 27 January 198227 January 19864 years Liberal
30 Jose Azcona 1987.jpg José Azcona del Hoyo
1985 27 January 198627 January 19904 years Liberal
31 Rafael Leonardo Callejas Romero (cropped 3x4).jpg Rafael Leonardo Callejas Romero
1989 27 January 199027 January 19944 years National
32 Carlos Roberto Reina
1993 27 January 199427 January 19984 years Liberal
33 Carlos Flores Facusse.JPG Carlos Roberto Flores
(born 1950)
1997 27 January 199827 January 20024 years Liberal
34 US Navy 030820-F-2828D-168 Honduran President Ricardo Maduro 2003-08-20.jpg Ricardo Maduro
(born 1946)
2001 27 January 200227 January 20064 years National
35 Manuel Zelaya (Brasilia, 03 April 2006).jpeg Manuel Zelaya
(born 1952)
2005 27 January 200628 June 2009
3 years, 152 days Liberal
Roberto micheletti 01.jpg Roberto Micheletti
(born 1943)
(Acting President)
28 June 200927 January 2010213 days Liberal
36 Pepe Lobo 2010-01-27.jpg Porfirio Lobo Sosa
(born 1947)
2009 27 January 201027 January 20144 years National
37 Juan Orlando Hernandez-Enrique Pena (cropped).jpg Juan Orlando Hernández
(born 1968)
27 January 201427 January 20228 years National
38 Xiomara Castro on presidential inauguration (cropped).jpg Xiomara Castro
(born 1959)
2021 27 January 2022Incumbent297 days Libre

Living former presidents

As of 20 November 2022, there are six living former Honduran presidents:

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Honduras</span> Country in Central America

Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras, is a country in Central America. The republic of Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea. Its capital and largest city is Tegucigalpa.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Honduras</span> Historical development of Honduras

Honduras was inhabited by many indigenous peoples when the Spanish arrived in the 16th century. The western-central part of Honduras was inhabited by the Lencas, the central north coast by the Tol, the area east and west of Trujillo by the Pech, the Maya and Sumo. These autonomous groups maintained commercial relationships with each other and with other populations as distant as Panama and Mexico. Honduras has ruins of several cities dating from the Mesoamerican pre-classic period that show the pre-Columbian past of the country.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Politics of Honduras</span> Poltitical system of Honduras

Politics of Honduras takes place in a framework of a multi-party system presidential representative democratic republic. The President of Honduras is both head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in the National Congress of Honduras. The party system is dominated by the conservative National Party of Honduras, the Liberal Party of Honduras, and Liberty and Refoundation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Central America</span> Aspect of history

Central America is commonly said to include Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. This definition matches modern political borders. Central America begins geographically in Mexico, at the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Mexico's narrowest point, and the former country of Yucatán (1841–1848) was part of Central America. At the other end, before its independence in 1903 Panama was part of South America, as it was a Department of Colombia. At times Belize, a British colony until 1981, where English instead of Spanish is spoken, and where the population is primarily of African origin, has been considered not part of (Spanish-speaking) Central America.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Federal Republic of Central America</span> State in Central America from 1823 to 1841

The Federal Republic of Central America, originally named the United Provinces of Central America, and sometimes simply called Central America, in its first year of creation, was a sovereign state in Central America that consisted of the territories of the former Captaincy General of Guatemala of New Spain. It existed from July 1823 to February 1841 as a democratic republic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Flag of Honduras</span> National flag

The flag of Honduras consists of three equal horizontal stripes of cyan, white and cyan, with five cyan stars in a quincuncial pattern at the centre of the middle stripe. The two outer bands represent the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, and also represent the blue sky and brotherhood. The inner band represents the land between the ocean and the sea, the peace and prosperity of its people, and purity of thoughts. The five stars represent the five nations of the former Federal Republic of Central America and the hope that the nations may form a union again.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Manuel Zelaya</span> President of Honduras from 2006 to 2009

José Manuel Zelaya Rosales is a Honduran politician who was President of Honduras from 27 January 2006 until 28 June 2009, and who since January 2022 serves as the first First Gentleman of Honduras. He is the eldest son of a wealthy businessman, and inherited his father's nickname "Mel". Before entering politics he was involved in his family's logging and timber businesses.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Xiomara Castro</span> President of Honduras since 2022

Iris Xiomara Castro Sarmiento is a Honduran politician who is the 56th president of Honduras, in office since January 2022. She is the country's first female president, having earlier served as first lady during the presidency of her husband Manuel Zelaya.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Constitution of Honduras</span> Fundamental law of Honduras

The Political Constitution of the Republic of Honduras was approved on 11 January 1982, published on 20 January 1982, amended by the National Congress of Honduras 26 times from 1984 to 2005, and 10 interpretations by Congress were made from 1982 to 2005. It is Honduras' twelfth constitution since independence in 1838. Previous charters were adopted in 1839, 1848, 1865, 1873, 1880, 1894, 1906, 1924, 1936, 1957 and 1965.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2009 Honduran coup d'état</span> 2009 deposition of Honduran President Manuel Zelaya by the military

The 2009 Honduran coup d'état, part of the 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis, occurred when the Honduran Army on 28 June 2009 followed orders from the Honduran Supreme Court to oust President Manuel Zelaya and send him into exile. Zelaya had attempted to schedule a non-binding poll on holding a referendum on convening a constituent assembly to rewrite the constitution. Zelaya refused to comply with court orders to cease, and the Honduran Supreme Court issued a secret warrant for his arrest dated 26 June. Two days later, Honduran soldiers stormed the president's house in the middle of the night and detained him, forestalling the poll. Instead of bringing him to trial, the army put him on a military aeroplane and flew him to Costa Rica. Later that day, after the reading of a resignation letter of disputed authenticity, the Honduran Congress voted to remove Zelaya from office, and appointed Speaker of Congress Roberto Micheletti, his constitutional successor, to replace him. It was the first coup to occur in the country since 1978.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Liberty and Refoundation</span> Political party in Honduras

Liberty and Refoundation is a left-wing political party in Honduras. Libre was founded in 2011 by the National Popular Resistance Front (FNRP), a leftist coalition of organizations opposed to the 2009 coup.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2013 Honduran general election</span>

General elections were held in Honduras on 24 November 2013. Voters went to the polls to elect a new President, the 128 members of the National Congress, 298 Mayors and vice-mayors and their respective councilors and 20 representatives to the Central American Parliament.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Honduras–Mexico relations</span> Bilateral relations

Honduras–Mexico relations are the diplomatic relations between Honduras and Mexico. Both nations are members of the Association of Caribbean States, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the United Nations.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Laura Farnsworth Dogu</span> American diplomat

Laura Farnsworth Dogu is an author and diplomat who is the United States Ambassador to Honduras. She previously served as the United States Ambassador to Nicaragua in the Obama administration.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Honduras–Spain relations</span> Bilateral relations

Honduras–Spain relations refers to the diplomatic relations between Honduras and Spain. Both nations are members of the Association of Academies of the Spanish Language and the Organization of Ibero-American States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2021 Honduran general election</span> Election in Honduras

General elections were held in Honduras on 28 November 2021. Among the positions being contested was the President of Honduras, head of state and head of government of Honduras, to replace Juan Orlando Hernández from the National Party. Also up for election were the 128 deputies of the National Congress, 20 deputies to the Central American Parliament, 298 mayors and 298 vice mayors, as well as 2,092 council members.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Luis Redondo</span> Honduran politician and engineer

Luis Rolando Redondo Guifarro is a Honduran politician and engineer, serving as deputy and president of the National Congress of Honduras since 25 January 2022.

Abortion in Honduras is completely prohibited under any circumstance, and has been constitutionally prohibited since 1982. The country's constitutional prohibition on abortion was further cemented by the country's Congress on January 22, 2021. In order to change this law, a three-quarters majority in the Congress will be required, or 96 out of 128 votes.

Events of 2022 in Honduras.

The following lists events that happened during 2022 in Central America.


  1. "Xiomara Castro poised to become first female president of Honduras". the Guardian. 2021-11-29. Retrieved 2021-11-29.
  2. "Honduras set for first female president as Castro holds wide lead". Retrieved 2021-11-29.