This article is about the ethnic groups and population of Honduras.
|Census population and average annual growth rate|
According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects the total population was 9,587,522 in 2018, compared to 1,487,000 in 1950 (a fivefold increase in 60 years). The proportion of the population aged below 15 in 2010 was 36.8%, 58.9% were aged between 15 and 65 years of age, and 4.3% were aged 65 years or older.
As of 2014, 60% of Hondurans live below the poverty line.More than 30% of the population is divided between the lower middle and upper middle class, less than 10% are wealthy or belong to the higher social class (most live in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula).
Structure of the population (01.07.2007) (estimates) (data refer to projections based on the 2001 Population Census):
|Total||3 717 577||3 819 375||7 536 952||100|
|0-4||541 070||522 177||1 063 247||14,11|
|5-9||511 733||497 666||1 009 399||13,39|
|10-14||464 403||456 447||920 850||12,22|
|15-19||402 792||400 001||802 793||10,65|
|20-24||353 317||357 434||710 751||9,43|
|25-29||308 283||318 130||626 413||8,31|
|30-34||255 818||266 861||522 679||6,93|
|35-39||205 171||219 874||425 045||5,64|
|40-44||157 492||177 140||334 632||4,44|
|45-49||128 813||147 464||276 277||3,67|
|50-54||105 428||121 993||227 421||3,02|
|55-59||83 643||97 033||180 676||2,40|
|60-64||63 863||73 789||137 652||1,83|
|65-69||49 404||58 136||107 540||1,43|
|70-74||37 134||44 984||82 118||1,09|
|75-79||24 368||30 225||54 593||0,72|
|80+||24 845||30 021||54 866||0,73|
|0-14||1 517 206||1 476 290||2 993 496||39,72|
|15-64||2 064 620||2 179 719||4 244 339||56,31|
|65+||135 751||163 366||299 117||3,97|
Structure of the population (01.07.2010) (estimates):
|Total||3 965 430||4 080 560||8 045 990||100|
|0-4||549 179||530 110||1 079 289||13,41|
|5-9||525 938||509 139||1 035 077||12,86|
|10-14||492 090||481 523||973 613||12,10|
|15-19||434 856||431 337||866 193||10,77|
|20-24||371 818||375 696||747 514||9,29|
|25-29||326 377||337 526||663 903||8,25|
|30-34||282 042||295 519||577 561||7,18|
|35-39||230 506||244 378||474 884||5,90|
|40-44||181 554||200 161||381 715||4,74|
|45-49||140 031||161 534||301 565||3,75|
|50-54||116 240||135 378||251 618||3,13|
|55-59||93 205||109 982||203 187||2,53|
|60-64||72 071||85 246||157 317||1,96|
|65-69||53 835||63 955||117 790||1,46|
|70-74||40 470||49 655||90 125||1,12|
|75-79||27 381||34 757||62 138||0,77|
|80+||27 837||34 664||62 501||0,78|
|0-14||1 567 207||1 520 772||3 087 979||38,38|
|15-64||2 248 700||2 376 757||4 625 457||57,49|
|65+||149 523||183 031||332 554||4,13|
Registration of vital events is in Honduras not complete. The Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates.
|CBR*||CDR*||NC*||TFR*||IMR*||Life expectancy |
|Life expectancy |
|Life expectancy |
|1950-1955||84 000||40 000||44 000||52.1||24.7||27.4||7.50||169||41.8||40.5||43.1|
|1955-1960||95 000||40 000||55 000||51.1||21.5||29.6||7.50||154||44.6||43.0||46.3|
|1960-1965||108 000||40 000||68 000||49.5||18.3||31.2||7.42||136||48.0||46.3||49.8|
|1965-1970||122 000||40 000||82 000||48.4||16.0||32.4||7.42||119||51.0||49.2||53.0|
|1970-1975||133 000||40 000||93 000||45.9||13.7||32.2||7.05||104||54.1||52.1||56.2|
|1975-1980||150 000||38 000||112 000||44.5||11.4||33.1||6.60||81||57.7||55.6||59.9|
|1980-1985||166 000||36 000||130 000||42.3||9.2||33.1||6.00||65||61.6||59.4||63.8|
|1985-1990||180 000||33 000||147 000||39.5||7.3||32.2||5.37||53||65.4||63.2||67.7|
|1990-1995||195 000||33 000||162 000||37.1||6.3||30.8||4.92||43||67.7||65.4||70.1|
|1995-2000||198 000||33 000||165 000||33.4||5.6||27.9||4.30||35||69.8||67.5||72.3|
|2000-2005||197 000||35 000||163 000||30.0||5.3||24.8||3.72||31||71.0||68.6||73.4|
|2005-2010||201 000||37 000||164 000||27.7||5.1||22.7||3.31||28||72.1||69.7||74.5|
|* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)|
Births and deaths
|Year||Population||Live births||Deaths||Natural increase||Crude birth rate||Crude death rate||Rate of natural increase||TFR|
Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):
|Year||CBR (Total)||TFR (Total)||CBR (Urban)||TFR (Urban)||CBR (Rural)||TFR (Rural)|
|2005-2006||27||3,3 (2,3)||24||2,6 (1,9)||29||4,1 (2,8)|
|2011-2012||25,6||2,9 (2,2)||24,2||2,5 (1,9)||27,2||3,5 (2,6)|
Mestizos (Native American mixed with European) have been reported by the CIA World Factbook to be about 90% of the population of Honduras.As in other Latin American countries, the question of racial breakdown of a national population is contentious. Since the beginning of the 20th century at least, Honduras has publicly framed itself as a mestizo nation, ignoring and at times disparaging both the African component of the population and often also the surviving indigenous population that was still regarded as pure blood.
Because of social stigmas attached, many people denied having African ancestry, and after African descended Caribbean workers arrived in Honduras, an active campaign to denigrate all people of African descent, made persons of mixed race anxious to deny any African ancestry. Hence official statistics quite uniformly under-represent those people who have ancestry in favor of a "two race" solution.
According to the 2001 census the Amerindian population in Honduras included 381,495 people (6.3% of the total population).With the exception of the Lenca and the Ch'orti' they still keep their language.
Six different Amerindian groups were counted at the 2001 census:
The Afro-Honduran population consists of Garifuna and Creoles.
Examples of well-known Afro-Hondurans are footballers David Suazo, Victor "Muma" Bernardez, and Wilson Palacios; and actor Skai Jackson.
White people along with Afro-descendants and Amerindians belong to the minorities of Honduras. Most of the Honduran whites are descendants of the Spanish colonist, they inhabit most of the western part of the country. Other Honduran whites are descendants of European immigrants who arrived at the beginning of the 20th century.
Examples of white Hondurans are film director Juan Carlos Fanconi, former president of the Central American federation Francisco Morazan.
Honduras hosts a significant Palestinian community (the vast majority of whom are Christian Arabs).These Arab-Hondurans are sometimes called "Turcos", because they arrived in Honduras using Turkish travel documents, as their homeland was then under the control of the Ottoman Empire. The Palestinians arrived in the country in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, establishing themselves especially in the city of San Pedro Sula.
The Italians in Honduras were 389 in 2014, nearly all of them concentrated in the capital area
There is also a small Chinese community in Honduras. A lawyer of the Committee for the Defense of Human Rights in Honduras (CODEH) stated that the Chinese community in Honduras is rather small. Many of the Chinese are immigrants who arrived from China after the revolution and their descendants.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Cayman Islands, including population density, ethnicity, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Costa Rica, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of El Salvador, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
The demographics of Guatemala are diverse; the population, 14,901,286 strong, historically comprises primarily of Mestizos (60%), then Amerindians (30%) and people of European descent (10%). The population is divided almost evenly between rural and urban areas.
According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects, Nicaragua has a population of 6,465,501. Whites and Mestizos/Castizos combined make up about 86% of the population. The remainder of the Nicaraguan population is 9% Afro-Latino, and 5% Native American.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Panama, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This article discusses the demographic features of the population of Paraguay, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This article is about the demographics of the population of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, including population density, ethnicity, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This article is about the demographic features of Guyana, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Zambo and cafuzo are racial terms historically used in the Casta caste class system of the Spanish and Portuguese empires. Occasionally in the 21st century, the term is used in the Americas to refer to persons who are of mixed African and Amerindian ancestry.. Historically, the racial cross between enslaved Africans and Amerindians was referred to as a zambayga, then zambo, then sambo.
Afro-Latin American or Black Latin American, refers to Latin Americans of significant or mainly African ancestry. The term may also refer to historical or cultural elements in Latin America thought to have emanated from this community.
The wealth of cultural expression in Honduras owes its origins primarily to being a part of Latin America but also to the multi-ethnic nature of the country. The population comprises 85% Mestizo, 8% Caucasian, 6% Amerindian, and 2% Black. This influences all facets of the culture: customs, practices, ways of dressing, religion, rituals, codes of behavior and belief systems.
Guatemalans are people identified with Guatemala, a multiethnic country in Central America. Guatemalans are mainly of Mestizos, indigenous people or Amerindians and descendants from European people. Guatemalans are also nicknamed chapines by other mainly Spanish-speaking countries of the Latin America.
Latin Americans are the citizens of the Latin American countries and dependencies. Latin American countries are multi-ethnic, home to people of different ethnic and national backgrounds. As a result, some Latin Americans do not take their nationality as an ethnicity, but identify themselves with both their nationality and their ancestral origins. Aside from the indigenous Amerindian population, all Latin Americans or their ancestors immigrated since 1492. Latin America has the largest diasporas of Spaniards, Portuguese, Black Africans, Italians, Lebanese and Japanese in the world. The region also has large German, French, and Jewish diasporas.
Central America is a subregion of the Americas formed by six Latin American countries and one (officially) Anglo-American country, Belize. As an isthmus it connects South America with the remainder of mainland North America, and comprises the following countries : Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama.
Hondurans are people inhabiting in, originating from, or having significant heritage from Honduras. Most Hondurans live in Honduras, although there is also a significant Honduran diaspora, particularly in the United States, with smaller communities in other countries around the world. There are also people living in Honduras who are not Hondurans, because they were not born or raised in Honduras, nor have they yet gained citizenship.
Afro-Nicaraguans are Nicaraguans of African descent in Nicaragua. They make up 9% of the population and they're the largest group of African descent in in Central America. Numbering almost 600,000, according to the CIA factbook (2011), they primarily live on the southeastern coast, the Mosquito Coast, Bluefields and Managua. Creoles are from the Anglo-Caribbean and speak a dialect of Jamaican patois known as Miskito Coast Creole. Nicaragua also has a Garifuna population.
Afro-Hondurans or Black Hondurans, are Hondurans of African descent. They descended from Africans, who were enslaved from the West Indies and identified as Garifunas and Creole peoples. The Creole people were originally from Jamaica and other Caribbean islands, while the Garifuna people were originally from Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. They arrived in Honduras between the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to work on the export of bananas, and on construction work.
Race and ethnicity in Colombia descends mainly from three racial groups—Amerindians, Europeans, and Africans—that have mingled throughout the last 500 years of the country's history. Some demographers describe Colombia as one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the Western Hemisphere and in the World, with 85 different ethnic groups. Most Colombians identify themselves and others according to ancestry, physical appearance, and sociocultural status. Social relations reflect the importance attached to certain characteristics associated with a given racial group. Although these characteristics no longer accurately differentiate social categories, they still contribute to one's rank in the social hierarchy. Genetic research with over 60,000 blood tests and 25 variables, determined that the average Colombian has a mixture of 70% European, 20% native Amerindian and 10% African ancestry, however these proportions vary widely from one region to another. These proportions also vary widely among ethnicities.
Panamanians are people identified with Panama, a country in Central America, whose connection may be residential, legal, historical, or cultural. For most Panamanians, several or all of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their Panamanian identity. Panama is a multilingual and multicultural society, home to people of many different ethnicities and religions. Therefore, many Panamanians do not equate their nationality with ethnicity, but with citizenship and allegiance to Panama. The overwhelming majority of Panamanians are the product of varying degrees of admixture between European ethnic groups with native Amerindians who are indigenous to Panama’s modern territory.