This article is about the ethnic groups and population of Honduras.
An ethnic group or an ethnicity is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation. Ethnicity is usually an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage, ancestry, origin myth, history, homeland, language or dialect, symbolic systems such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing style, art or physical appearance.
Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras, is a country in Central America. In the past, it was sometimes referred to as "Spanish Honduras" to differentiate it from British Honduras, which later became modern-day Belize. The republic of Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.
|Census population and average annual growth rate|
According to the 2017 revision of the World Population Prospects the total population was 9,112,867 in 2016, compared to 1,487,000 in 1950 (a fivefold increase in 60 years). The proportion of the population aged below 15 in 2010 was 36.8%, 58.9% were aged between 15 and 65 years of age, and 4.3% were aged 65 years or older.
As of 2014, 60% of Hondurans live below the poverty line.More than 30% of the population is divided between the lower middle and upper middle class, less than 10% are wealthy or belong to the higher social class (most live in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula).
Tegucigalpa, colloquially referred to as Téguz, is the capital and largest city of Honduras along with its twin sister, Comayagüela.
San Pedro Sula is the capital of Cortés Department, Honduras. It is located in the northwest corner of the country in the Sula Valley, about 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of Puerto Cortés on the Caribbean Sea. With a census population of 719,063 in 2013, and 1,445,598 people living in its metropolitan area in 2010, it is the nation's primary industrial center and second largest city after the capital Tegucigalpa.
Structure of the population (01.07.2007) (estimates) (data refer to projections based on the 2001 Population Census):
|Total||3 717 577||3 819 375||7 536 952||100|
|0-4||541 070||522 177||1 063 247||14,11|
|5-9||511 733||497 666||1 009 399||13,39|
|10-14||464 403||456 447||920 850||12,22|
|15-19||402 792||400 001||802 793||10,65|
|20-24||353 317||357 434||710 751||9,43|
|25-29||308 283||318 130||626 413||8,31|
|30-34||255 818||266 861||522 679||6,93|
|35-39||205 171||219 874||425 045||5,64|
|40-44||157 492||177 140||334 632||4,44|
|45-49||128 813||147 464||276 277||3,67|
|50-54||105 428||121 993||227 421||3,02|
|55-59||83 643||97 033||180 676||2,40|
|60-64||63 863||73 789||137 652||1,83|
|65-69||49 404||58 136||107 540||1,43|
|70-74||37 134||44 984||82 118||1,09|
|75-79||24 368||30 225||54 593||0,72|
|80+||24 845||30 021||54 866||0,73|
|0-14||1 517 206||1 476 290||2 993 496||39,72|
|15-64||2 064 620||2 179 719||4 244 339||56,31|
|65+||135 751||163 366||299 117||3,97|
Structure of the population (01.07.2010) (estimates):
|Total||3 965 430||4 080 560||8 045 990||100|
|0-4||549 179||530 110||1 079 289||13,41|
|5-9||525 938||509 139||1 035 077||12,86|
|10-14||492 090||481 523||973 613||12,10|
|15-19||434 856||431 337||866 193||10,77|
|20-24||371 818||375 696||747 514||9,29|
|25-29||326 377||337 526||663 903||8,25|
|30-34||282 042||295 519||577 561||7,18|
|35-39||230 506||244 378||474 884||5,90|
|40-44||181 554||200 161||381 715||4,74|
|45-49||140 031||161 534||301 565||3,75|
|50-54||116 240||135 378||251 618||3,13|
|55-59||93 205||109 982||203 187||2,53|
|60-64||72 071||85 246||157 317||1,96|
|65-69||53 835||63 955||117 790||1,46|
|70-74||40 470||49 655||90 125||1,12|
|75-79||27 381||34 757||62 138||0,77|
|80+||27 837||34 664||62 501||0,78|
|0-14||1 567 207||1 520 772||3 087 979||38,38|
|15-64||2 248 700||2 376 757||4 625 457||57,49|
|65+||149 523||183 031||332 554||4,13|
Registration of vital events is in Honduras not complete. The Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates.
|CBR*||CDR*||NC*||TFR*||IMR*||Life expectancy |
|Life expectancy |
|Life expectancy |
|1950-1955||84 000||40 000||44 000||52.1||24.7||27.4||7.50||169||41.8||40.5||43.1|
|1955-1960||95 000||40 000||55 000||51.1||21.5||29.6||7.50||154||44.6||43.0||46.3|
|1960-1965||108 000||40 000||68 000||49.5||18.3||31.2||7.42||136||48.0||46.3||49.8|
|1965-1970||122 000||40 000||82 000||48.4||16.0||32.4||7.42||119||51.0||49.2||53.0|
|1970-1975||133 000||40 000||93 000||45.9||13.7||32.2||7.05||104||54.1||52.1||56.2|
|1975-1980||150 000||38 000||112 000||44.5||11.4||33.1||6.60||81||57.7||55.6||59.9|
|1980-1985||166 000||36 000||130 000||42.3||9.2||33.1||6.00||65||61.6||59.4||63.8|
|1985-1990||180 000||33 000||147 000||39.5||7.3||32.2||5.37||53||65.4||63.2||67.7|
|1990-1995||195 000||33 000||162 000||37.1||6.3||30.8||4.92||43||67.7||65.4||70.1|
|1995-2000||198 000||33 000||165 000||33.4||5.6||27.9||4.30||35||69.8||67.5||72.3|
|2000-2005||197 000||35 000||163 000||30.0||5.3||24.8||3.72||31||71.0||68.6||73.4|
|2005-2010||201 000||37 000||164 000||27.7||5.1||22.7||3.31||28||72.1||69.7||74.5|
|* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)|
Births and deaths
|Year||Population (x1000)||Live births||Deaths||Natural increase||Crude birth rate||Crude death rate||Rate of natural increase||TFR|
|2009||223 483||36 536||186 947|
|2010||223 345||36 812||186 533|
|2011||224 409||37 211||187 198|
Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):
|Year||CBR (Total)||TFR (Total)||CBR (Urban)||TFR (Urban)||CBR (Rural)||TFR (Rural)|
|2005-2006||27||3,3 (2,3)||24||2,6 (1,9)||29||4,1 (2,8)|
|2011-2012||25,6||2,9 (2,2)||24,2||2,5 (1,9)||27,2||3,5 (2,6)|
Mestizos (European mixed with Amerindian) make up more than 90% of the population of Honduras. Amerindians are 6% of the population and AfroHondurans comprise 3%. As in other Latin American countries, the question of racial breakdown of a national population is contentious. Since the beginning of the 20th century at least, Honduras has publicly framed itself as a mestizo nation, ignoring and at times disparaging both the African component of the population and often also the surviving indigenous population that was still regarded as pure blood.
Because of social stigmas attached, many people denied having African ancestry, and after African descended Caribbean workers arrived in Honduras, an active campaign to denigrate all people of African descent, made persons of mixed race anxious to deny any African ancestry. Hence official statistics quite uniformly under-represent those people who have ancestry in favor of a "two race" solution.
According to the 2001 census the Amerindian population in Honduras included 381,495 people (6.3% of the total population).With the exception of the Lenca and the Ch'orti' they still keep their language.
Six different Amerindian groups were counted at the 2001 census:
The Afro-Honduran population consists of Garifuna and Creoles.
Honduras hosts a significant Palestinian community (the vast majority of whom are Christian Arabs).These Arab-Hondurans are sometimes called "Turcos", because they arrived in Honduras using Turkish travel documents, as their homeland was then under the control of the Ottoman Empire. The Palestinians arrived in the country in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, establishing themselves especially in the city of San Pedro Sula.
The Italians in Honduras were 389 in 2014, nearly all of them concentrated in the capital area
There is also a small Chinese community in Honduras. A lawyer of the Committee for the Defense of Human Rights in Honduras (CODEH) stated that the Chinese community in Honduras is rather small. Many of the Chinese are immigrants who arrived from China after the revolution and their descendants.
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