Demographics of Belize

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Belize, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population All the organisms of a given species that live in the specified region

In biology, a population is all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding. The area of a sexual population is the area where inter-breeding is potentially possible between any pair within the area, and where the probability of interbreeding is greater than the probability of cross-breeding with individuals from other areas.

Belize country in Central America

Belize is an independent and sovereign country located on the north eastern coast of Central America. Belize is bordered on the northwest by Mexico, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, and on the south and west by Guatemala. It has an area of 22,970 square kilometres (8,867 sq mi) and a population of 387,879 (2017). Its mainland is about 180 mi (290 km) long and 68 mi (110 km) wide. It has the lowest population and population density in Central America. The country's population growth rate of 1.87% per year (2015) is the second highest in the region and one of the highest in the Western Hemisphere.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

Contents

Belize's population, 1961-2003. Belize-demography.png
Belize's population, 1961-2003.

Belize is the most sparsely populated nation in Central America. It is larger than El Salvador. Slightly more than half of the people live in rural areas. About one-fourth live in Belize City, the principal port, commercial centre, and former capital. About 80% of the population are Christian.

Central America central geographic region of the Americas

Central America is located on the southern tip of North America, or is sometimes defined as a subcontinent of the Americas, bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The combined population of Central America has been estimated to be 41,739,000 and 42,688,190.

El Salvador country in Central America

El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador, is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2016, the country had a population of approximately 6.34 million.

Belize City City in Belize, Belize

Belize City is the largest city in Belize and was once the capital of the former British Honduras. According to the 2010 census, Belize City has a population of 57,169 people in 16,162 households. It is at the mouth of the Haulover Creek, which is a tributary of the Belize River. The Belize River empties into the Caribbean Sea five miles from Belize City on the Philip Goldson Highway on the coast of the Caribbean. The city is the country's principal port and its financial and industrial hub. Cruise ships drop anchor outside the port and are tendered by local citizens. The city was almost entirely destroyed in 1961 when Hurricane Hattie swept ashore on October 31. It was the capital of British Honduras until the government was moved to the new capital of Belmopan in 1970.

Most Belizeans are of multiracial descent. About 34% of the population is of mixed Maya and European descent (Mestizo), 35% are Kriols, about 10.6% are Maya, and about 6.1% are Afro-Amerindian (Garifuna). [1] The remaining population includes European, East Indian, Chinese, Middle Eastern, and North American groups. In the case of Europeans, most are descendants of Spanish and British colonial settlers, whether pure-blooded or mixed with each other. Most Spanish left the nation just after it was taken by the British colonists who, in the same way, left after independence. Dutch and German Mennonites settled in Belize, mostly in isolated areas.

Maya peoples People of southern Mexico and northern Central America

The Maya peoples are a large group of indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica. They inhabit southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and Honduras. The overarching term "Maya" is a collective designation that includes the peoples of the region which share some degree of cultural and linguistic heritage; however, the term embraces many distinct populations, societies and ethnic groups that each have their own particular traditions, cultures and historical identity.

Europe Continent in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

Mestizo race

Mestizo is a term traditionally used in Spain, Latin America and the Philippines that originally referred to a person of combined European and Indigenous American descent, regardless of where the person was born. The term was used as an ethnic/racial category in the casta system that was in use during the Spanish Empire's control of its American and Asian colonies. Nowadays though, particularly in Spanish America, mestizo has become more of a cultural term, with culturally mainstream Latin Americans regarded or termed as mestizos regardless of their actual ancestry and with the term Indian being reserved exclusively for people who have maintained a separate indigenous ethnic identity, language, tribal affiliation, etc. Consequently, today, the vast majority of Spanish-speaking Latin Americans are regarded as mestizos.

Belize's largest cities and towns by population

  1. Belize City, BZ - 57,169
  2. San Ignacio, CY - 17,878
  3. Belmopan, CY - 13,931
  4. Orange Walk Town, OW - 13,709
  5. San Pedro, BZ - 11,765
  6. Corozal Town, CZ - 10,287
  7. Dangriga, SC - 9,591
  8. Benque Viejo del Carmen, CY - 6,148
  9. Ladyville, BZ - 5,458
  10. Punta Gorda, TO - 5,351

- Based on 2010 census.

Population

According to the 2015 revision of the CIA World Fact Book the estimated mid year population of 2016 is 347,369. [2]

In conjunction with a census of the British Empire, census data was compiled for Belize in 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1921, 1931 and 1946. Belize conducted its own censuses in 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991 and in 2000. None has been held since then.

Ethnic groups

Most Belizeans are of multiracial descent. About 52.9% are Mestizo, 25.9% Creole, 11.3% Maya, 6.1.% Garifuna, 3.9% East Indian, 3.6% Mennonites, 1.2% White, 1% Asian, 1.2% Other and 0.3% Unknown. [2]

Creole people are ethnic groups which originated during the colonial-era from racial mixing between Europeans and non-European peoples, known as creolisation. Creole peoples vary widely in ethnic background and mixture, and many have since developed distinct ethnic identities. The development of creole languages is sometimes mistakenly attributed to the emergence of creole ethnic identities; however, they are independent developments.

Mennonites Anabaptist groups originating in Northern Europe

The Mennonites are members of certain Christian groups belonging to the church communities of Anabaptist denominations named after Menno Simons (1496–1561) of Friesland. Through his writings, Simons articulated and formalized the teachings of earlier Swiss founders. The early teachings of the Mennonites were founded on the belief in both the mission and ministry of Jesus, which the original Anabaptist followers held to with great conviction despite persecution by the various Roman Catholic and Protestant states. An early set of Mennonite beliefs was codified in the Dordrecht Confession of Faith in 1632, but the various groups do not hold to a common confession or creed. Rather than fight, the majority of these followers survived by fleeing to neighboring states where ruling families were tolerant of their belief in believer's baptism. Over the years, Mennonites have become known as one of the historic peace churches because of their commitment to pacifism.

White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly and often exclusively for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view. The term has at times been expanded to encompass persons of Middle Eastern and North African descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts. The usage of "white people" or a "white race" for a large group of mainly or exclusively European populations, defined by their light skin, among other physical characteristics, and contrasting with "black people", Amerindians, and other "colored" people or "persons of color", originated in the 17th century. It was only during the 19th century that this vague category was transformed in a quasi-scientific system of race and skin color relations. The term "Caucasian" is sometimes used as a synonym for "white" in its racial sense and sometimes to refer to a larger racial category that includes white people among other groups.

In the case of Europeans, most are descendants of Spanish and British colonial settlers, whether pure-blooded or mixed with each other. Most Spanish left the nation just after it was taken by the British colonists who, in the same way, left after independence. Beginning in 1958, German Mennonites of "Russian" Mennonite and Pennsylvania Dutch heritage settled in Belize, mostly in isolated areas.

British people citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, British Overseas Territories, Crown Dependencies, and their descendants

The British people, or the Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies. British nationality law governs modern British citizenship and nationality, which can be acquired, for instance, by descent from British nationals. When used in a historical context, "British" or "Britons" can refer to the Celtic Britons, the indigenous inhabitants of Great Britain and Brittany, whose surviving members are the modern Welsh people, Cornish people, and Bretons. It may also refer to citizens of the former British Empire.

Russian Mennonite ethnic group

The Russian Mennonites are a group of Mennonites who are descendants of Dutch Anabaptists who settled for about 250 years in West Prussia and established colonies in the south west of the Russian Empire beginning in 1789. Since the late 19th century, many of them have come to countries throughout the Western Hemisphere. The rest were forcibly relocated, so that very few of their descendants now live at the location of the original colonies. Russian Mennonites are traditionally multilingual with Plautdietsch as their first language and lingua franca. In 2014 there are several hundred thousand Russian Mennonites: about 200,000 in Germany, 100,000 in Mexico, 70,000 in Bolivia, 40,000 in Paraguay, 10,000 in Belize and tens of thousands in Canada and the US and a few thousand in Argentina, Uruguay, Belize, and Brazil.

The Pennsylvania Dutch (Pennsilfaanisch-Deitsche), also referred to as the Pennsylvania Germans, are a cultural group formed by early German-speaking immigrants to Pennsylvania and their descendants. The word "Dutch" does not refer to the Dutch people or Dutch language, but to the German settlers, known as Deutsch and Deitsch. Most emigrated, in the 17th and 18th centuries, to the Americas from within the Holy Roman Empire, which included areas that were later to become Germany and Switzerland. Over time, the various dialects spoken by these immigrants fused into a unique dialect of German known as Pennsylvania German or Pennsylvania "Dutch".

Maya

Because Belize's original Maya peoples were decimated by disease and wars, or fled to Mexico and Guatemala, most of the country's Maya today are descended from other groups. The current Maya population consists mainly of three language groups. The Yucatec fled to Belize in the late 1840s to escape the Caste War in Yucatán, Mexico. Their descendants live in the Orange Walk and Corozal districts, which border on Mexico. Before the massive migration of Yucatec Maya from Mexico to Belize, a local Yucatec Maya group named the Iciache Maya already inhabited the land. Today most Yucatec Maya work in the sugar cane. In the 1870s-1880s, many Q'eqchi' fled from Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, where their lands were being stolen for coffee plantations, which then enslaved them. They settled villages in the Toledo district.

Living near rivers and streams, they are primarily farmers, though many younger people now work in tourism, and on shrimp, banana and citrus plantations. The Mopans originated in Belize, but most were driven out to Guatemala after the British displaced Spanish in a struggle that took most of the 18th century. They returned to Belize in 1886, running from enslavement and taxation in Petén. The Cayo district and San Antonio in the Toledo district are their homes now. Q'eqchi' and Mopan have intermarried, though the two languages remain distinct and mutually unintelligible.

Population of Belize according to ethnic group [3] [4]
Ethnic
group
Census 1946Census 1991Census 2000 [1] Census 2010
Number%Number%Number%Number%
Q'eqchi' Maya 10,03016.97,9544.312,3665.317,4095.7
Mopan Maya 6,7703.78,9803.910,5573.5
Yucatec/other Maya 5,6863.13,1551.42,1410.7
Mestizo/Spanish/Latino18,36031.080,47743.6113,04548.7150,92149.7
Creole 22,69338.355,05129.857,85924.963,05721.8
Black African5820.31,1510.4
Garifuna 4,1126.912,2746.614,0616.113,9854.6
White
* German Mennonite
* Other white
2,329
0
2,329
3.9
0
3.9
7,257
5,763
1,494
3.9
3.1
0.8
10,034
8,276
1,758
4.3
3.6
0.8
13,964
10,865
3,099
4.6
3.6
1.0
East Indian 1,3662.36,4553.56,8683.07,0732.3
Chinese/Asians 500.17470.41,7160.72,8230.9
Mixed18,9476.2
Syrian/Lebanese 1280.21670.12400.1
Other1,8671.02,6101.17620.3
Unknown1520.3170.08350.43920.1
Total59,220184,722232,111324,528

Birth Rate by Ethnic Groups (2000 Census) [5]

Ethnic GroupPopulation (2000)Birth Rate (1999)Births
African58217.1810
British1,7589.1016
Chinese1,71619.2333
Creole57,85928.881,671
East Indian6,86827.66190
Garifuna14,06127.17382
Q'eqchi'12,36644.88555
Mopan8,98035.30317
Yucatec3,15519.3361
Mennonite8,27642.53352
Mestizo78,53729.732,335
Spanish34,50832.221,112
Other2,61021.8457
Not Available83545.5138
Total232,11130.717,128

Vital statistics [6] [7] [8]

Average population (x 1000)Live birthsDeathsNatural changeCrude birth rate (per 1000)Crude death rate (per 1000)Natural change (per 1000)Total fertility rate [9] Infant mortality rate [9]
1934521 94597197437.418.718.7
1935532 0811 37770439.326.013.3
1936531 8791 25662335.523.711.8
1937541 8761 05482234.719.515.2
1938542 0521 17887438.021.816.2
1939552 0841 09299237.919.918.0
1940562 1929861 20639.117.621.5
1941572 1331 0301 10337.418.119.4
1942571 9051 25065533.421.911.5
1943581 9251 13678933.219.613.6
1944582 0311 15387835.019.915.1
1945592 1411 20493736.320.415.9
1946592 0651 0191 04635.017.317.7
1947612 4731 0491 42440.517.223.3
1948632 5068611 64539.813.726.1
1949652 5488771 67139.213.525.7
1950692 6578451 81239.712.627.0
1951712 9058012 10442.111.630.5
1952733 0287942 23442.111.031.0
1953762 9868202 16640.411.129.3
1954783 2318762 35542.511.531.0
1955803 4638582 60544.411.033.4
1956823 7258212 90446.010.135.9
1957853 6159322 68343.611.232.3
1958873 9887953 19346.49.237.1
1959894 0167303 28645.68.337.3
1960924 0917173 37445.07.937.1
1961954 2447083 53645.67.638.0
1962974 4618533 60847.09.038.0
19631004 7837124 07148.87.341.5
19641034 5687293 83945.27.238.0
19651064 6377103 92744.66.837.8
19661094 8987764 12245.87.338.5
19671134 8518114 04043.77.336.4
19681164 6717143 95741.06.334.7
19691194 6607833 87739.86.733.1
19701224 4558133 64237.16.830.4
19711255 0526254 42741.45.136.3
19721274 9546694 28540.05.434.6
19731295 0108014 30339.86.434.2
19741315 0397214 37939.45.634.2
19751335 2018004 40140.06.233.9
19761355 3408814 45940.26.633.5
19771375 5707674 80341.05.635.3
19781395 3848854 49938.76.432.4
19791415 5237104 81338.95.033.9
19801446 2647175 54743.24.938.3
19811485 8217095 11239.14.834.3
19821515 8996635 23638.64.334.3
19831566 0447245 32038.24.633.6
19841605 7567505 00638.04.933.0
19851655 9166935 22335.64.231.5
19861706 1366885 44836.24.132.1
19871746 1216755 44635.13.931.3
19881796 3257085 61735.44.031.4
19891836 6867625 92436.54.232.3
19901887 2008196 38138.44.434.0
19911916 5558425 71334.34.429.9
19921957 5978466 75139.04.334.6
19931986 4629355 52732.64.727.9
19942025 8879444 94329.14.724.4
19952076 6239315 69232.04.527.5
19962126 6789645 71431.44.526.9
19972187 3481 1736 17533.65.428.3
19982256 8441 3505 49430.46.024.4
19992327 1131 1905 92330.75.125.5
20002397 3131 5345 77930.76.424.2
20012457 2151 2615 95429.45.124.3
20022527 5531 2846 26930.05.124.9
20032587 4401 2776 16328.84.923.9
20042658 0831 2986 78530.54.925.6
20052838 3961 3697 02729.64.824.83.618.4
20062917 1711 3965 77524.64.819.83.019.6
20072987 0361 3895 64723.54.618.92.917.2
20083067 1261 3025 82423.24.219.02.812.0
20093157 4171 4535 96423.54.618.818.9
20103237 2281 5545 67422.34.817.513.6
20113327 2171 5545 66321.74.717.116.5
20123407 1251 6505 47520.94.516.42.40
20133497 2641 6375 62720.84.716.12.39
20143587 3181 6205 69820.44.515.92.35
20153707 4561 7725 68420.14.815.32.34
20163877 2001 7965 4042.20

Languages

English is the only official language of Belize due to being a former British colony. It is the main language used in government and education. [10] Although only 5.6% of the population speaks it as the main language at home, 54% can speak it very well, and another 26% can speak some English. 37% of Belizeans consider their primary language to be Kriol, an English-based creole of words and syntax from various African languages (namely Akan, Igbo, and Twi), [11] and other languages (Miskito, Caliche). It is also a second or third language for another 40% of the multilingual country.

Kriol shares similarities with many Caribbean English Creoles as far as phonology and pronunciations are concerned. Also, many of its words and structures are both lexically and phonologically similar to English, its superstrate language. Because it is English-based, all Kriol speakers can understand English. A number of linguists classify Belizean Kriol as a separate language, while others consider it to be a dialect of English.

Spanish is the mother tongue of Mestizo and Central American refugees and is commonly spoken at home by 43% of the population. Maya dialects such as Q'eqchi', Mopan and Yucatec are spoken. Garifuna (which is Arawakan/Maipurean based, with elements of the Carib language, French, and Spanish) and the Plautdietsch and Pennsylvania German dialects of the Mennonites are spoken as well. Literacy currently stands at nearly 80%. In 2001, UNESCO declared the Garifuna language, dance, and music a "Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity". English is the primary language of public education, with Spanish taught in primary and secondary school as well. Bilingualism is highly encouraged, and therefore, very common.

English & Spanish Language Proficiency [1]
LanguageSpeaks Very WellSpeaks SomeTotal
English 54%26%80%
Spanish 52%11%63%
Languages in Belize [2]
LanguagePercentage
English 62.9%
Spanish 56.6%
Creole 44.6%
Maya 10.5%
German 3.2%
Garifuna 2.9%
Other1.8%
unknown0.3%
none (cannot speak)0.2%

Religion

According to the 2010 census [12] [13] Catholics constitute 40.0% of the population of Belize, down from 49.6% in 2000 and 57.7% in 1991; [14] Protestants constitute 31.7% of the population, with a slight growth in percentage for some groups since 2000 (8.5% Pentecostal; 5.5% Adventist; 4.6% Anglican; 3.8% Mennonite; 3.6% Baptist; 2.9% Methodist; 2.8% Nazarene); Jehova's Witnesses are 1.7% of the population. 10.2% of Belizeans follow other religions (with a growth in percentage since 2000); amongst these there are followers of the indigenous Maya religion, Garifuna religion, Obeah and Myalism, and minorities of Mormons, Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims, Baha'is, Rastafarians and other. [15] The Mennonites, of German descent, live mostly in the rural districts of Cayo and Orange Walk. 15.6% of the Belizean population do not adhere to any religion, up from 9.4% in 2000.

Belizean Roman Catholic churches belong to the Diocese of Belize City-Belmopan; Anglican churches belong to the Diocese of Belize, part of the Church in the Province of the West Indies. Hinduism is followed by most Indian immigrants, while Islam is common among Middle Eastern immigrants and has gained a following among some Kriols. Catholics frequently visit the country for special gospel revivals. The Greek Orthodox Church has a presence in Santa Elena. [16]

The Constitution of Belize provides for freedom of religion, and other laws and policies contribute to the generally free practice of religion. The Government at all levels protects this right in full against abuse, either by governmental or private actors. The Government generally respects religious freedom in practice. In 2008, the U.S. government received no reports of societal abuses or discrimination based on religious affiliation, belief, or practice.

Religions in Belize [2]
ReligionPercentage
Catholic 40.1%
Protestant 31.5%
Pentecostal 8.4%
Seventh-day Adventist 5.4%
Anglican 4.7%,
Mennonite 3.7%
Baptist 3.6%
Methodist 2.9%
Nazarene 2.8%
Jehovah's Witness 1.7%
Other (includes Baha'i, Buddhist, Hindu, Mormon, Islam, Rastafarian)10.5%
Unknown0.6%
None15.5%

Structure of the population

Structure of the population (01.07.2017) (Estimates) [17]
Age GroupMaleFemaleTotal%
Total193 942193 937387 879100
0-423 16322 11645 33011,68
5-923 77123 42447 19512,17
10-1422 69322 65945 35211,69
15-1920 85020 83141 68110,75
20-2418 04618 69536 7419,47
25-2915 42716 45831 8858,22
30-3413 33514 13727 4727,08
35-3912 14412 73224 8766,41
40-4410 36710 49520 8625,38
45-499 1878 80217 9894,64
50-547 1526 94914 1013,64
55-595 4164 97610 3922,68
60-643 9573 5277 4841,93
65-692 8142 4745 2881,36
70-742 2301 9754 2051,08
75-791 5641 5183 0820,79
80+1 7761 9943 7700,97
Age groupMaleFemaleTotalPercent
0-1462 82461 649124 47335,59
15-64104 484106 035210 51960,20
65+7 5577 17914 7364,21

Life expectancy at birth

PeriodLife expectancy in

Years

PeriodLife expectancy in

Years

1950–195555.91985–199071.5
1955–196058.61990–199570.6
1960–196561.31995–200068.6
1965–197064.32000–200568.5
1970–197566.72005–201069.5
1975–198068.62010–201569.8
1980–198570.4

Source: UN World Population Prospects [18]

Other demographics statistics

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019. [19]

Demographic statistics according to the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. [2]

Population
385,854 (July 2018 est.)
Ethnic groups
This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population. Ethnic groups field listing
mestizo 52.9%, Creole 25.9%, Maya 11.3%, Garifuna 6.1%, East Indian 3.9%, Mennonite 3.6%, white 1.2%, Asian 1%, other 1.2%, unknown 0.3% (2010 est.)
note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin
Languages
English 62.9% (official), Spanish 56.6%, Creole 44.6%, Maya 10.5%, German 3.2%, Garifuna 2.9%, other 1.8%, unknown 0.3%, none 0.2% (cannot speak) (2010 est.)
note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census
Age structure
Population pyramid of Belize in 2017 Belizepop.svg
Population pyramid of Belize in 2017
0-14 years: 33.61% (male 66,207 /female 63,466)
15-24 years: 18.74% (male 37,184 /female 35,127)
25-54 years: 37.43% (male 70,222 /female 74,187)
55-64 years: 5.88% (male 11,397 /female 11,284)
65 years and over: 4.35% (male 8,293 /female 8,487) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 23.7 years. Country comparison to the world: 168th
male: 23.2 years
female: 24.4 years (2018 est.)
Birth rate
22.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 63rd
Death rate
4.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 206th
Total fertility rate
2.8 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 60th
Net migration rate
-0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 129th
Population growth rate
1.8% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 57th
Contraceptive prevalence rate
51.4% (2015/16)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 56.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 50.9 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 17 (2015 est.)
Religions

Roman Catholic 40.1%, Protestant 31.5% (includes Pentecostal 8.4%, Seventh Day Adventist 5.4%, Anglican 4.7%, Mennonite 3.7%, Baptist 3.6%, Methodist 2.9%, Nazarene 2.8%), Jehovah's Witness 1.7%, other 10.5% (includes Baha'i, Buddhist, Hindu, Mormon, Muslim, Rastafarian, Salvation Army), unspecified 0.6%, none 15.5% (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
total population: 74.7 years
male: 73.1 years
female: 76.3 years (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 45.7% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 2.32% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2017)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 17.7%. Country comparison to the world: 73rd
male: 11%
female: 28.4% (2016 est.)

See also

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Belizean Creoles, also known as Kriols, are Creole descendants of Black Africans, enslaved and brought to Belize by English and Scottish log cutters, who were known as the Baymen. Over the years they have also intermarried with Miskito from Nicaragua, Jamaicans and other West Indians, Mestizos and East Indians, who were brought to Belize as indentured laborers. These varied peoples have all mixed to create this ethnic group.

Culture of Belize

The Belizean culture is a mix of influences and people from Kriol, Maya, East Indian, Garinagu, Mestizo, Mennonites who are of German descent, with a blend of many other cultures from Chinese to Lebanese. It is a unique blend that emerged through the country's long and occasionally violent history.

Ethnic groups in Central America

Central America is a region of North America formed by six Latin American countries and one (officially) Anglo-American country, Belize. As an isthmus it connects South America with the remainder of mainland North America, and comprises the following countries : Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama.

Religion in Belize religion in Belize

Christianity is the dominant religion in Belize. The single largest denomination is the Roman Catholic Church with about 40.1% of the population, a reduction from 49.6% of the population in 2000, 57.7% in 1991 and 61.9% in 1980, although absolute numbers have still risen. Other major groups include Pentecostal with 8.4% of the population up from 7.4% in 2000 and 6.3% in 1991, Seventh-day Adventists with 5.4% of the population up from 5.2% in 2000 and 4.1% in 1991. The following of the Anglican Church has been steadily declining, with only 4.7% of the population in 2010 compared to 6.95% in 1991. About 12,000 Mennonites live mostly in the rural districts of Cayo and Orange Walk. People who declared they belong to no religion make up 15.5% of the population in 2010, more than double their 2000 census numbers. 11.2% adhere to other religions which include the Maya religion, Afro-American religions, Mormons, Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims, Bahá'ís, Rastafarians and others.

The Mopan are one of the Maya peoples in Belize and Guatemala. Their indigenous language is also called Mopan and is one of the Yucatec Maya languages.

The History of Belize dates back thousands of years. The Maya civilization spread into the area of Belize between 1500 BC to 1200 BC and flourished until about 1000 AD. Several Maya ruin sites, including Cahal Pech, Caracol, Lamanai, Lubaantun, Altun Ha, and Xunantunich reflect the advanced civilization and much denser population of that period. The first recorded European settlement was established by shipwrecked English seamen in 1638. Over the next 150 years, more English settlements were established. This period also was marked by piracy, indiscriminate logging, sporadic attacks by natives, and neighboring Spanish settlements.

Belizeans

Belizeans are people associated with the country of Belize through citizenship or descent. Belize is a multiethnic country with residents of African, Amerindian, European and Asian descent or any combination of those groups.

Index of Central America-related articles

This is an Index of Central America-related articles. This index defines Central America as the seven nations of Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.

Index of Belize-related articles Wikimedia list article

The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the nation of Belize.

Mennonites in Belize

Mennonites in Belize form different religious bodies and come from different ethnic backgrounds. There are groups of Mennonites living in Belize who are quite traditional and conservative, while others have modernized to various degrees.

Belize Evangelical Mennonite Church is a church denomination of the Fellowship of Evangelical Bible Churches in Belize.

The Chinese community in Belize consists of descendants of Chinese immigrants who were brought to British Honduras as indentured laborers as well as recent immigrants from China and Taiwan.

Hispanic Belizean

A Hispanic Belizean or Belizean Mestizo is a Belizean of Hispanic and mestizo origin. Currently, they comprise around 52.9% of Belize's population.

St. Peter Claver Catholic parish is located in Punta Gorda, Toledo District, Belize.

References

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  3. UN Demographic Yearbooks
  4. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 August 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. http://celade.cepal.org/cgibin/RpWebEngine.exe/PortalAction?&MODE=MAIN&BASE=CPVBLZ2000&MAIN=WebServerMain.inl%5B%5D
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