Demographics of Costa Rica

Last updated
Demographics of Costa Rica
Population4,999,441 [1] [2]

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Costa Rica, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Contents

According to the United Nations, in 2018 Costa Rica had an estimated population of 4,999,441 people. White and Mestizos make up 83.4% of the population, 7% are black people (including mixed race), 2.4% Amerindians, 0.2% Asians, and 7% other/none. [3]

In 2010, just under 3% of the population is of black African descent who are called Afro-Costa Ricans or West Indians and are English-speaking descendants of 19th-century black Jamaican immigrant workers. Another 1% is composed of ethnic Chinese, and less than 1% are Middle Easterners, mainly of Lebanese descent but also Palestinians. The 2011 Census provided the following data: whites and mestizos make up 83.4% of the population, 7% are black people (including mixed race), 2.4% Amerindians, 0.2% Asians, and 7% other/none. [3]

There is also a community of North American retirees from the United States and Canada, followed by fairly large numbers of European Union expatriates (esp. Scandinavians and from Germany) come to retire as well, and Australians.[ citation needed ] Immigration to Costa Rica made up 9% of the population in 2012. This included permanent settlers as well as migrants who were hoping to reach the U.S. [4] In 2015, there were some 420,000 immigrants in Costa Rica [5] and the number of asylum seekers (mostly from Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua) rose to more than 110,000. [6] An estimated 10% of the Costa Rican population in 2014 was made up of Nicaraguans. [7]

The indigenous population today numbers about 60,000 (just over 1% of the population) with some Miskito and Garifuna (a population of mixed black African and Carib Indian descent) living in the coastal regions.

Costa Rica's emigration is the smallest in the Caribbean Basin and is among the smallest in the Americas. By 2015 about just 133,185 (2.77%) of the country's people live in another country as immigrants. The main destination countries are the United States (85,924), Nicaragua (10,772), Panama (7,760), Canada (5,039), Spain (3,339), Mexico (2,464), Germany (1,891), Italy (1,508), Guatemala (1,162) and Venezuela (1,127). [8]

Costa Rica's population, (1961-2003). Costa Rica demography.png
Costa Rica's population, (1961-2003).

Population and ancestry

In 2018, Costa Rica had a population of 4,999,441. The population is increasing at a rate of 1.5% per year. At current trends the population will increase to 9,158,000 in about 46 years. [9] The population density is 94 people per square km, the third highest in Central America.

Approximately 40% lived in rural areas and 60% in urban areas. The rate of urbanization estimated for the period 20052015 is 2.74% per annum, [10] one of the highest among developing countries. About 75% of the population live in the upper lands (above 500 meters) where temperature is cooler and milder.

The 2011 census counted a population of 4.3 million people [11] distributed among the following groups: 83.6% whites or mestizos, 6.7% black mixed race, 2.4% Native American, 1.1% black or Afro-Caribbean; the census showed 1.1% as Other, 2.9% (141,304 people) as None, and 2.2% (107,196 people) as unspecified. [12]

In 2011, there were over 104,000 Native American or indigenous inhabitants, representing 2.4% of the population. Most of them live in secluded reservations, distributed among eight ethnic groups: Quitirrisí (in the Central Valley), Matambú or Chorotega (Guanacaste), Maleku (northern Alajuela), Bribri (southern Atlantic), Cabécar (Cordillera de Talamanca), Guaymí (southern Costa Rica, along the Panamá border), Boruca (southern Costa Rica) and Térraba (southern Costa Rica).

The population includes European Costa Ricans (of European ancestry), primarily of Spanish descent, [13] with significant numbers of Italian, German, English, Dutch, French, Irish, Portuguese, and Polish families, as well a sizable Jewish community. The majority of the Afro-Costa Ricans are Creole English-speaking descendants of 19th century black Jamaican immigrant workers.

Costa Rican school children Ninos costarricenses.JPG
Costa Rican school children

The 2011 census classified 83.6% of the population as white or Mestizo; the latter are persons of combined European and Amerindian descent. The Mulatto segment (mix of white and black) represented 6.7% and indigenous people made up 2.4% of the population. [13] Native and European mixed blood populations are far less than in other Latin American countries. Exceptions are Guanacaste, where almost half the population is visibly mestizo, a legacy of the more pervasive unions between Spanish colonists and Chorotega Amerindians through several generations, and Limón, where the vast majority of the Afro-Costa Rican community lives.

ProvinceProvince populationCityCity population
San José Province 1,345,750 San José 350,535
Alajuela Province 716,286 Alajuela 46,554
Cartago Province 432,395 Cartago 156,600
Puntarenas Province 357,483 Puntarenas 102,504
Heredia Province 354,732 Heredia 42,600
Limón Province 339,395 Puerto Limon 105,000
Guanacaste Province 264,238 Liberia 98,751

Education

According to the United Nations, Costa Rica's literacy rate stands at 95.8%, [14] the fifth highest among American countries. Costa Rica's Education Index in 2006 was 0.882; higher than that of richer countries, such as Singapore and Mexico. Costa Rica's gross enrolment ratio is 73.0%, smaller than that of the neighbors countries of El Salvador and Honduras. [15]

All students must complete primary school and secondary school, between 6 and 15 years. Some students drop out because they must work to help support their families. In 2007 there were 536,436 pupils enrolled in 3,771 primary schools and 377,900 students attended public and private secondary schools. [16]

Costa Rica's main universities are the University of Costa Rica, in San Pedro and the National University of Costa Rica, in Heredia. Costa Rica also has several small private universities.

Emigration

Costa Rica's emigration is among the smallest in the Caribbean Basin. About 3% of the country's people live in another country as immigrants. The main destination countries are the United States, Spain, Mexico and other Central American countries. In 2005, there were 127,061 Costa Ricans living in another country as immigrants. Remittances were $513,000,000 in 2006 and they represented 2.3% of the country's GDP.

Immigration

Costa Rica's immigration is among the largest in the Caribbean Basin. According to the 2011 census 385,899 residents were born abroad. [17] The vast majority were born in Nicaragua (287,766). Other countries of origin were Colombia (20,514), United States (16,898), Spain (16,482) and Panama (11,250). Outward Remittances were $246,000,000 in 2006.

Migrants

According to the World Bank, about 489,200 migrants lived in the country in 2010 mainly from Nicaragua, Panama, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, and Belize, while 125,306 Costa Ricans live abroad in the United States, Panama, Nicaragua, Spain, Mexico, Canada, Germany, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, and Ecuador. [18] The number of migrants declined in later years but in 2015, there were some 420,000 immigrants in Costa Rica [5] and the number of asylum seekers (mostly from Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua) rose to more than 110,000, a fivefold increase from 2012. [6] In 2016, the country was called a "magnet" for migrants from South and Central America and other countries who were hoping to reach the U.S. [19] [20]

European Costa Ricans

European Costa Ricans
Total population
c. 3,597,000 [21] [22]
Languages
Costa Rican Spanish, English
Religion
Roman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical 13.7%, other 4.8%, none 3.2%, Buddhism 2% [23]
Related ethnic groups
White Latin Americans, White Caribbeans

European Costa Ricans are people from Costa Rica whose ancestry lies within the continent of Europe, most notably Spain. According to DNA studies, around 75% [24] of the population have some level of European ancestry. [21]

Percentages of the Costa Rican population by race are known as the national census does have the question of ethnicity included in its form. As for 2012 65.80% of Costa Ricans identify themselves as white/castizo and 13.65% as mestizo, giving around 80% of Caucasian population. This, however, is based in self-identification and not in scientific studies. According to PLoS Genetics Geographic Patterns of Genome Admixture in Latin American Mestizos study of 2012, Costa Ricans have 68% of European ancestry, 29% aboriginal and 3% African. [25] According to CIA Factbook, Costa Rica has white or mestizo population of the 83.6%. [13]

Cristopher Columbus and crew were the first Europeans ever to set foot on what is now Costa Rica in Columbus last trip when he arrived to Uvita Island (modern day Limón province) in 1502. [26] Costa Rica was part of the Spanish Empire and colonized by Spaniards mostly Castilians, Basque and Sefardi Jews. After the independence large migrations of wealthy Americans, Germans, French and British businessmen [26] came to the country encouraged by the government and followed by their families and employees (many of them technicians and professionals) creating colonies and mixing with the population, especially the high and middle classes. [27] Later, more humble migrations of Italians, Spanish (mostly Catalans) and Arab (mostly Lebanese and Syrians) migrants visit the country escaping economical crisis in their home countries, setting in large, more closed colonies. [26] Polish migrants, mostly Ashkenazi Jews escaping anti-Semitism and nazi persecution in Europe also migrated to the country in large numbers. [26] In 1901 president Ascensión Esquivel Ibarra closes the country to all non-white immigration forbidding the entrance of all Black African, Chinese, Arab, Turkish or Gypsy migration in the country. After the beginning of the Spanish Civil War large migration of Republican refugees also settle in the country, mostly Castilians, Galicians and Asturians, [27] as later Chilean, Mexican and Colombian [26] migrants would leave their countries traveling to Costa Rica escaping from war or dictatorships as Costa Rica is the longest running democracy in Latin America and unlike most of its neighbors had no dictatorship during the 20th century. [26] [27]

Ethnic groups

The following listing is taken from a publication of the Costa Rica 2011 Census: [28]

Vital statistics

Average population [29] [30] Live birthsDeathsNatural changeCrude birth rate (per 1000)Crude death rate (per 1000)Natural change (per 1000)TFR
1934558,00023,85810,02013,83844.218.625.6
1935572,00024,93412,63012,30445.222.922.3
1936585,00025,45011,81113,63945.221.024.2
1937599,00025,62411,03214,59244.519.225.3
1938615,00026,83910,42216,41745.517.727.8
1939631,00027,02711,68715,34044.719.325.4
1940648,00028,00411,21116,79345.318.127.2
1941664,00028,82311,42917,39445.518.127.4
1942680,00028,26313,55914,70443.721.022.7
1943697,00030,46811,73418,73446.117.728.4
1944716,00029,93511,29518,64044.216.727.5
1945736,00032,52910,76821,76146.815.531.3
1946759,00032,1599,97122,18845.013.931.1
1947787,00032,60010,96721,63344.714.929.8
1948808,00035,95610,66625,29044.513.231.3
1949832,00036,77410,56626,20844.212.731.5
1950966,00039,94310,48029,46341.310.830.5
1951994,00043,06810,39032,67843.310.532.9
19521,025,00045,81610,67235,14444.710.434.3
19531,058,00045,69711,35334,34443.210.732.5
19541,093,00048,85710,68138,17644.79.834.9
19551,129,00049,80011,00039,26944.19.734.8
19561,167,00051,35010,47640,87444.09.035.1
19571,206,00052,86011,54441,31643.99.634.3
19581,246,00053,91910,60843,31143.38.534.8
19591,289,00057,80111,16046,64144.88.736.2
19601,334,00059,70111,03548,66644.88.336.5
19611,382,00060,64110,64449,99743.97.736.2
19621,431,00060,75011,95348,79742.58.434.1
19631,482,00062,82112,51950,30242.48.534.0
19641,533,00061,87013,52748,34340.48.831.6
19651,583,00062,40012,81449,58639.48.131.3
19661,633,00062,33011,40350,92738.27.031.2
19671,681,00061,22911,28949,94036.46.729.7
19681,729,00060,90210,65350,24935.26.229.1
19691,776,00059,63611,59948,03733.66.527.1
19701,822,00059,55711,50448,05332.76.326.4
19711,867,00058,13810,57547,56331.25.725.5
19721,911,00059,27410,85548,41931.05.725.4
19731,956,00058,1779,70248,47529.85.024.8
19742,002,00057,7499,51248,23728.94.824.1
19752,052,00059,1759,61549,56028.94.724.2
19762,105,00060,6689,35651,31228.84.424.4
19772,162,00064,1908,90755,28329.74.125.6
19782,222,00067,7228,62559,09730.53.926.6
19792,284,00069,3189,14360,17530.44.026.4
19802,348,00070,0489,26861,78029.83.926.3
19812,415,00072,2948,99063,30430.03.726.2
19822,483,00073,1689,16864,00029.53.725.8
19832,554,00072,9449,43263,53628.63.724.9
19842,626,00076,8789,93166,21729.03.825.2
19852,699,00084,33710,49373,84131.33.927.4
19862,773,00083,19410,44972,74530.03.826.3
19872,848,00080,32610,68769,63928.23.824.5
19882,924,00081,37610,94470,43227.83.724.1
19893,001,00083,46011,27272,18827.83.824.1
19903,079,00081,93911,36670,57326.63.722.9
19913,156,00081,11011,79269,31825.73.722.0
19923,234,00080,16412,25367,91124.83.821.0
19933,312,00079,71412,54467,17024.13.820.3
19943,394,00080,39113,31367,07823.73.919.8
19953,478,00080,30614,06166,24523.14.019.0
19963,567,00079,20313,99365,21022.23.918.3
19973,658,00078,01814,26063,75821.33.917.4
19983,751,00076,98214,70862,27420.53.916.6
19993,842,00078,52615,05263,47420.43.916.5
20003,930,00078,17814,94463,23419.93.816.1
20014,013,00076,40115,60860,79319.03.915.1
20024,094,00071,14415,00456,14017.43.713.7
20034,171,00072,93815,80057,13817.53.813.7
20044,246,00072,24715,94956,29817.03.813.3
20054,320,00071,54816,13955,40916.63.712.8
20064,392,00071,29116,76654,52516.23.812.4
20074,463,00073,14417,07156,07316.43.812.61.984
20084,533,00075,18718,02157,16616.64.012.61.974
20094,601,00075,00018,56056,44016.24.012.21.950
20104,670,00070,92219,07751,84515.54.211.41.810
20114,738,00073,45918,80154,65815.94.111.81.858
20124,652,00073,32619,20054,12615.74.111.61.840
20134,713,00070,55019,64750,90315.04.210.81.756
20144,773,00071,79320,55351,24015.04.310.71.774
20154,832,00071,81921,03950,78014.94.310.61.763
20164,890,00070,00422,60347,40114.34.69.71.706
20174,947,00068,81623,25145,56513.94.79.21.671
20185,003,00068,44923,80644,64313.74.88.91.661
20195,058,00064,28724,23740,05012.74.87.9

Current vital statistics

[31]

Structure of the population [32]

Structure of the population (01.07.2017) (Estimates - the source of data is the national household survey):

Age GroupMaleFemaleTotal%
Total2 405 6362 541 0644 946 700100
0-4153 647153 302306 9496,20
5-9180 403179 809360 2127,28
10-14200 123174 821374 9447,57
15-19216 776211 077427 8538,64
20-24215 301205 588420 8898,50
25-29188 815198 789387 6047,83
30-34176 356198 185373 5417,55
35-39161 288174 851336 1397,40
40-44145 430164 672310 1026,26
45-49136 591163 412300 0036,06
50-54146 253168 407314 6606,36
55-59133 924144 718278 6425,63
60-64108 422126 063234 4854,74
65-6983 15292 321175 4733,54
70-7455 49575 098130 5932,64
75-7950 79945 51496 3131,94
80-8428 17631 12659 3021,20
85-8916 16420 77136 9350,74
90-946 15910 18816 3470,33
95+2 3623 3525 7140,11
unknown3 0002 1585 1580,10
Age groupMaleFemaleTotalPercent
0-14522 072498 5201 020 59221,63
15-641 580 1921 676 1213 256 31369,02
65+187 174248 444435 6189,23

Life expectancy at birth

PeriodLife expectancy in

Years

PeriodLife expectancy in

Years

1950–195556.01985–199075.1
1955–196058.81990–199576.1
1960–196562.41995–200077.0
1965–197065.22000–200577.8
1970–197567.72005–201078.4
1975–198070.52010–201579.2
1980–198573.4

Source: UN World Population Prospects [33]

Demographic statistics

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019. [34]

Demographic statistics according to the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. [35]

Population

4,987,142 (July 2018 est.)
4,872,543 (July 2016 est.)

Ethnic groups

Age structure

Population pyramid of Costa Rica in 2017 Costa Ricapop.svg
Population pyramid of Costa Rica in 2017
0-14 years: 22.43% (male 572,172 /female 546,464)
15-24 years: 15.94% (male 405,515 /female 389,433)
25-54 years: 44.04% (male 1,105,944 /female 1,090,434)
55-64 years: 9.48% (male 229,928 /female 242,696)
65 years and over: 8.11% (male 186,531 /female 218,025) (2018 est.)

Median age

Total: 31.7 years. Country comparison to the world: 109th
Male: 31.2 years
Female: 32.2 years (2018 est.)
Total: 30.9 years
Male: 30.4 years
Female: 31.3 years (2016 est.)

Birth rate

15.3 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 121st

Death rate

4.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 200th

Total fertility rate

1.89 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 135th

Net migration rate

0.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 65th

Population growth rate

1.13% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 95th

Contraceptive prevalence rate

76.2% (2011)

Religions

Roman Catholic 71.8%, Evangelical and Pentecostal 12.3%, other Protestant 2.6%, Jehovah's Witness 0.5%, other 2.4%, none 10.4% (2016 est.)

Dependency ratios

Total dependency ratio: 45.4 (2015 est.)
Youth dependency ratio: 32.4 (2015 est.)
Elderly dependency ratio: 12.9 (2015 est.)
Potential support ratio: 7.7 (2015 est.)

Urbanization

Urban population: 79.3% of total population (2018)
Rate of urbanization: 1.5% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total population: 78.9 years. Country comparison to the world: 55th
Male: 76.2 years
Female: 81.7 years (2018 est.)
Total population: 78.6 years
Male: 75.9 years
Female: 81.3 years (2016 est.)

HIV/AIDS

Adult prevalence rate: 0.33%
People living with HIV/AIDS: 10,000
Deaths:200 (2015 est.)

Education expenditures

7.4% of GDP (2017) Country comparison to the world: 11th

Literacy

Total population: 97.8%
Male: 97.7%
Female: 97.8% (2015 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

Total: 15 years
Male: 15 years
Female: 16 years (2016)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

Total: 20.6%. Country comparison to the world: 61st
Male: 17.6%
Female: 25.9% (2017 est.)

Nationality

Languages

Sex ratio

Languages

The Basilica Los Angeles, Cartago, Costa Rica. Basilica los Angeles, Spring 2006.jpg
The Basilica Los Angeles, Cartago, Costa Rica.

Nearly all Costa Ricans speak Spanish; but many blacks speak a traditional Jamaican dialect of English, also a few of the Natives speak their own language, such as the case of the Ngobes.

Religions

Religion in Costa Rica (2008) [36] [37]

   Catholicism (70.5%)
   Protestantism (13.8%)
   Irreligion (11.3%)
   Buddhism (2.1%)
  Other religions (2.2%)

According to the World Factbook the main religions are: Roman Catholic, 76.3%; Evangelical, 13.7%; Jehovah's Witnesses, 1.3%; other Protestant, 0.7%; other, 4.8%; none, 3.2%.

The most recent nationwide survey of religion in Costa Rica , conducted in 2007 by the University of Costa Rica, found that 70.5 percent of the population identify themselves as Roman Catholics (with 44.9 percent practicing, 25.6 percent nonpracticing), 13.8 percent are Evangelical Protestants, 11.3 percent report that they do not have a religion, and 4.3 percent declare that they belong to another religion. [38]

Apart from the dominant Catholic religion, there are several other religious groups in the country. [38] Methodist, Lutheran, Episcopal, Baptist, and other Protestant groups have significant membership. [38] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) claim more than 35,000 members and has a temple in San José that served as a regional worship center for Costa Rica, Panama, Nicaragua, and Honduras. [39]

Although they represent less than 1 percent of the population, Jehovah's Witnesses have a strong presence on the Caribbean coast. [38] Seventh-day Adventists operate a university that attracts students from throughout the Caribbean Basin. [38] The Unification Church maintains its continental headquarters for Latin America in San José. [38]

Non-Christian religious groups, including followers of Judaism, Islam, Taoism, Hare Krishna, Paganism, Wicca, Scientology, Tenrikyo, and the Bahá'í Faith, claim membership throughout the country, with the majority of worshipers residing in the Central Valley (the area of the capital). [38] While there is no general correlation between religion and ethnicity, indigenous peoples are more likely to practice animism than other religions. [38]

Article 75 of the Costa Rican Constitution states that the "Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman Religion is the official religion of the Republic". [40] That same article provides for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respects this right in practice. [38] The US government found no reports of societal abuses or discrimination based on religious belief or practice in 2007. [38]

See also

Related Research Articles

Demographics of Angola

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Angola, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Antigua and Barbuda, including population density, ethnicity, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Costa Rica Republic in Central America

Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica, is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around 5 million in a land area of 51,060 square kilometers. An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José, with around 2 million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.

Demographics of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Dominican Republic, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of El Salvador

This article is about the demographic features of the population of El Salvador, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Equatorial Guinea, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

The demographics of Guatemala are diverse; the population, 14,901,286 strong, primarily comprises Mestizos, Amerindians, and people of European descent. The population is divided almost evenly between rural and urban areas.

Demographics of the Republic of Ireland Demography of Ireland

The Republic of Ireland had a population of 4,761,865 at the 2016 census.

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Senegal, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Uruguay, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

The Demographics of Venezuela are the condition and overview of Venezuela's peoples. Demographic topics include basic education, health, and population statistics as well as identified racial and religious affiliations

Demographics of Belgium

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Belgium, including ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. All figures are from the National Institute for Statistics unless otherwise indicated.

Demographics of the Bahamas demographic features of the population of The Bahamas

This article is about the demographic features of the population of The Bahamas, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

This article is about the demographics of Barbados, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Belize

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Belize, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Cuba

The demographic characteristics of Cuba are known through census which have been conducted and analyzed by different bureaus since 1774. The National Office of Statistics of Cuba (ONE) since 1953. The most recent census was conducted in September 2012. The population of Cuba at the 2012 census was 11.1 million. The population density is 100.7 inhabitants per square kilometer, and the overall life expectancy in Cuba is 78.0 years. The population has always increased from one census to the next, with the exception of the 2011 census, when the count decreased by 10,000. Since 1740, Cuba's birth rate has surpassed its death rate; the natural growth rate of the country is positive. Cuba is in the fourth stage of demographic transition. In terms of age structure, the population is dominated (71.1%) by the 15- to 64-year-old segment. The median age of the population is 39.5, and the gender ratio of the total population is 0.99 males per female.

Nicaraguans People of Nicaragua

Nicaraguans are people inhabiting in, originating or having significant heritage from Nicaragua. Most Nicaraguans live in Nicaragua, although there is also a significant Nicaraguan diaspora, particularly in Costa Rica and the United States with smaller communities in other countries around the world. There are also people living in Nicaragua who are not Nicaraguans because they were not born or raised in Nicaragua nor have they gained citizenship.

Ethnic groups in Central America

Central America is a subregion of the Americas formed by six Latin American countries and one (officially) Anglo-American country, Belize. As an isthmus it connects South America with the remainder of mainland North America, and comprises the following countries : Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama.

Costa Ricans People from the country of Costa Rica

Costa Ricans, also called Ticos, are a group of people from a multiethnic Spanish-speaking nation in Central America called Costa Rica. Costa Ricans are predominantly castizos, whites and mestizo, but their country is considered a multiethnic society, which means that it is home to people of many different ethnic backgrounds. As a result, modern-day Costa Ricans do not consider their nationality as an ethnicity but as a citizenship with various ethnicities. Costa Rica has four small minority groups: Mulattoes, Blacks, Asians, and Amerindians. In addition to the "Indigenas", whites, mestizos, blacks and mulattoes, Costa Rica is also home to thousands of Asians. Most of the Chinese and Indians now living in the country are descendants of those that arrived during the 19th century as migrant workers.

References

  1. ""World Population prospects – Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  2. ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  3. 1 2 Costa Rica es multirracial, último censo lo pone en evidencia
  4. "Principal". Inec.go.cr. 27 March 2012. Archived from the original on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  5. 1 2 "International Migrants by Country". Pewglobal.org. 10 November 2016. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  6. 1 2 Holpuch, Amanda (26 July 2016). "US partners with Costa Rica to protect Central American refugees". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  7. Cherry, Andrew; Mary Dillon (2014). International Handbook of Adolescent Pregnancy: Medical, Psychosocial, and Public Health Responses. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 258. ISBN   978-1-4899-8026-7 . Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  8. Costa Rica - Emigrantes totales (in Spanish) Según los últimos datos publicados Costa Rica tiene 133.185 emigrantes, lo que supone un 2,77% de la población de Costa Rica. Si miramos el ranking de emigrantes vemos que tiene un porcentaje de emigrantes medio, ya que está en el puesto 44º de los 195 del ranking de emigrantes.
  9. "World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision, Highlights, Working Paper No. ESA/P/WP.202" (PDF). United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. New York. 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  10. "Field listing: Urbanization: Costa Rica". The World Factbook . Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  11. "Costa Rica Population Statistics". Costaricalaw.com. 30 September 2016. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  12. "Live Costa Rica Population Clock 2017 - Population of Costa Rica Today". Livepopulation.com. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  13. 1 2 3 Central Intelligence Agency (2011). "Costa Rica". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency . Retrieved 2011-10-04.
  14. "Human development indices" (PDF). Hdr.undp.org. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2008.
  15. "Human Development Report 2009: Costa Rica". Hdrstats.undp.org. Archived from the original on 11 October 2009.
  16. "Costa Rica". MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on 6 October 2009.
  17. Censo 2011 Archived November 20, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  18. "Costa Rica country profile (from the Migration and Remittances Factbook 2011)" (PDF). World Bank. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-11-03. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
  19. "Costa Rica Becomes A Magnet For Migrants". Npr.org. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  20. "Nicaragua, Trump, Deportations and the Affect on Family Remittances - Havana Times.org". Havanatimes.org. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  21. 1 2 "Ticos tenemos más de africanos y chinos de lo que se pensaba" [Costa Rica has more Africans and Chinese than was thought]. Nacion.com. 12 October 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  22. http://www.crhoy.com/costa-rica-es-multirracial-ultimo-censo-lo-pone-en-evidencia/
  23. "Costa Rica". The World Factbook. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  24. "Genomic components in American demographic". Genetics. 1 (3): 25. 2015.
  25. Wang, S; Ray, N; Rojas, W; et al. (March 2008). "Geographic Patterns of Genome Admixture in Latin American Mestizos Tabla". PLoS Genetics. 4 (3): e1000037. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1000037. PMC   2265669 . PMID   18369456.
  26. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Costa Rica". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  27. 1 2 3 "OVERVIEW OF THE HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION (Costa Rica)". SICREM. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  28. "Costa Rica: Población total por autoidentificación étnica-racial, según provincia y sexo. (Spanish)". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (Costa Rica). Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  29. "United Nations Demographic Yearbooks". Unstats.un.org. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  30. "Principal". Inec.go.cr. Archived from the original on 27 March 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  31. "Estadísticas vitales". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos - INEC. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  32. "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics" (PDF). Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  33. "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations" . Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  34. "Costa Rica Population 2018", World Population Review
  35. "World Factbook EUROPE : FINLAND", The World Factbook , July 12, 2018
  36. International Religious Freedom Report 2008: Costa Rica. United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (September 14, 2007)
  37. Johnson, Terrence (5 August 2012). "Buddhism in Costa Rica". Buddhistchannel.tv. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  38. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "Costa Rica: International Religious Freedom Report 2008". United States Department of State . 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  39. "Facts and Statistics", Church News , 2020. Retrieved on 30 March 2020.
  40. "Title VI: Religion: Article 75 (As amended with regard to its number by Article 1, Law No. 5703)". CostaRicaLaw.com. 6 June 1975. Archived from the original on 21 April 2001.

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document: "2006 edition".