|Demographics of Costa Rica|
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Costa Rica, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica, is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around 5 million in a land area of 51,060 square kilometers. An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José with around 2 million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.
An ethnic group or an ethnicity is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation. Ethnicity is usually an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage, ancestry, origin myth, history, homeland, language or dialect, symbolic systems such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing style, art or physical appearance.
According to the United Nations, in 2016 Costa Rica had an estimated population of 4,857,274 people. White and Mestizos make up 83.4% of the population, 7% are black people (including mixed race), 2.4% Amerindians, 0.2% Asians, and 7% other/none.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.
Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other populations. As such, the meaning of the expression varies widely both between and within societies, and depends significantly on context. For many other individuals, communities and countries, "black" is also perceived as a derogatory, outdated, reductive or otherwise unrepresentative label, and as a result is neither used nor defined.
In 2010, just under 3% of the population is of black African descent who are called Afro-Costa Ricans or West Indians and are English-speaking descendants of 19th-century black Jamaican immigrant workers. Another 1% is composed of ethnic Chinese, and less than 1% are Middle Easterners, mainly of Lebanese descent but also Palestinians. The 2011 Census provided the following data: whites and mestizos make up 83.4% of the population, 7% are black people (including mixed race), 2.4% Amerindians, 0.2% Asians, and 7% other/none.
A West Indian is a native or inhabitant of the West Indies. For more than 100 years the words West Indian specifically described natives of the West Indies, but by 1661 Europeans had begun to use it also to describe the descendants of European colonists who stayed in the West Indies. Some West Indian people reserve this term for citizens or natives of the British West Indies.
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning 10,990 square kilometres (4,240 sq mi) in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and the fourth-largest island country in the Caribbean. Jamaica lies about 145 kilometres (90 mi) south of Cuba, and 191 kilometres (119 mi) west of Hispaniola.
Lebanon, officially known as the Lebanese Republic, is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus is west across the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland facilitated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity. At just 10,452 km2, it is the smallest recognized sovereign state on the mainland Asian continent.
There is also a community of North American retirees from the United States and Canada, followed by fairly large numbers of European Union expatriates (esp. Scandinavians and from Germany) come to retire as well, and Australians.[ citation needed ] Immigration to Costa Rica made up 9% of the population in 2012. This included permanent settlers as well as migrants who were hoping to reach the U.S. In 2015, there were some 420,000 immigrants in Costa Rica and the number of asylum seekers (mostly from Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua) rose to more than 110,000. An estimated 10% of the Costa Rican population in 2014 was made up of Nicaraguans.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi) and an estimated population of about 513 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries and regional development. For travel within the Schengen Area, passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002 and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency.
As of the 2011 census, the number of Immigrants in Costa Rica totaled about 390,000 individuals, or about 9% of the country's population. Following a considerable drop from 1950 through 1980, immigration to Costa Rica has increased in recent decades.
The indigenous population today numbers about 60,000 (just over 1% of the population) with some Miskito and Garifuna (a population of mixed black African and Carib Indian descent) living in the coastal regions.
The Miskito are an indigenous ethnic group in Central America, of whom many are mixed race. In the northern end of their territory, the people are primarily of African-Native American ancestry; others are of mixed African-Native American and English descent. Their territory extends from Cape Camarón, Honduras, to Río Grande, Nicaragua, along the Mosquito Coast, in the Western Caribbean Zone. Their population is estimated at 180,000 people as of 2016.
The Island Carib, also known as the Kalinago or simply Caribs, are an indigenous people of the Greater and Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean. They have descended from the Mainland Caribs (Kalina) of South America as well as the Arawakan people of the Greater Antilles. The women and children spoke an Arawakan language known as Eyeri. Meanwhile the men spoke a carib pidgin language of Karina origins.
Costa Rica's emigration is the smallest in the Caribbean Basin and is among the smallest in the Americas. By 2015 about just 133,185 (2.77%) of the country's people live in another country as immigrants. The main destination countries are the United States (85,924), Nicaragua (10,772), Panama (7,760), Canada (5,039), Spain (3,339), Mexico (2,464), Germany (1,891), Italy (1,508), Guatemala (1,162) and Venezuela (1,127).
The Caribbean Basin is generally defined as the area running from Florida westward along the Gulf coast, then south along the Mexican coast through Central America and then eastward across the northern coast of South America. This region includes the islands of the archipelago of the West Indies. Bermuda is also included within the region even though it is in the west-central Atlantic, due to its common cultural history created by European colonization of the region, and in most of the region by the presence of a significant group of African descent.
The Americas comprise the totality of the continents of North and South America. Together, they make up most of the land in Earth's western hemisphere and comprise the New World.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
|Costa Rican Censuses|
In 2016, Costa Rica had a population of 4,857,274. The population is increasing at a rate of 1.5% per year. At current trends the population will increase to 9,158,000 in about 46 years. The population density is 94 people per square km, the third highest in Central America.
Approximately 40% lived in rural areas and 60% in urban areas. The rate of urbanization estimated for the period 2005–2015 is 2.74% per annum, one of the highest among developing countries. About 75% of the population live in the upper lands (above 500 meters) where temperature is cooler and milder.
The 2011 census counted a population of 4.3 million peopledistributed among the following groups: 83.6% whites or mestizos, 6.7% black mixed race, 2.4% Native American, 1.1% black or Afro-Caribbean; the census showed 1.1% as Other, 2.9% (141,304 people) as None, and 2.2% (107,196 people) as unspecified.
In 2011, there were over 104,000 Native American or indigenous inhabitants, representing 2.4% of the population. Most of them live in secluded reservations, distributed among eight ethnic groups: Quitirrisí (in the Central Valley), Matambú or Chorotega (Guanacaste), Maleku (northern Alajuela), Bribri (southern Atlantic), Cabécar (Cordillera de Talamanca), Guaymí (southern Costa Rica, along the Panamá border), Boruca (southern Costa Rica) and Térraba (southern Costa Rica).
The population includes European Costa Ricans (of European ancestry), primarily of Spanish descent,with significant numbers of Italian, German, English, Dutch, French, Irish, Portuguese, and Polish families, as well a sizable Jewish community. The majority of the Afro-Costa Ricans are Creole English-speaking descendants of 19th century black Jamaican immigrant workers.
The 2011 census classified 83.6% of the population as white or Mestizo; the latter are persons of combined European and Amerindian descent. The Mulatto segment (mix of white and black) represented 6.7% and indigenous people made up 2.4% of the population.Native and European mixed blood populations are far less than in other Latin American countries. Exceptions are Guanacaste, where almost half the population is visibly mestizo, a legacy of the more pervasive unions between Spanish colonists and Chorotega Amerindians through several generations, and Limón, where the vast majority of the Afro-Costa Rican community lives.
|Province||Province population||City||City population|
|San José Province||1,345,750||San José||350,535|
|Limón Province||339,395||Puerto Limon||105,000|
According to the United Nations, Costa Rica's literacy rate stands at 95.8%,the fifth highest among American countries. Costa Rica's Education Index in 2006 was 0.882; higher than that of richer countries, such as Singapore and Mexico. Costa Rica's gross enrolment ratio is 73.0%, smaller than that of the neighbors countries of El Salvador and Honduras.
All students must complete primary school and secondary school, between 6 and 15 years. Some students drop out because they must work to help support their families. In 2007 there were 536,436 pupils enrolled in 3,771 primary schools and 377,900 students attended public and private secondary schools.
Costa Rica's main universities are the University of Costa Rica, in San Pedro and the National University of Costa Rica, in Heredia. Costa Rica also has several small private universities.
Costa Rica's emigration is among the smallest in the Caribbean Basin. About 3% of the country's people live in another country as immigrants. The main destination countries are the United States, Spain, Mexico and other Central American countries. In 2005, there were 127,061 Costa Ricans living in another country as immigrants. Remittances were $513,000,000 in 2006 and they represented 2.3% of the country's GDP.
Costa Rica's immigration is among the largest in the Caribbean Basin. According to the 2011 census 385,899 residents were born abroad.The vast majority were born in Nicaragua (287,766). Other countries of origin were Colombia (20,514), United States (16,898), Spain (16,482) and Panama (11,250). Outward Remittances were $246,000,000 in 2006.
According to the World Bank, about 489,200 migrants lived in the country in 2010 mainly from Nicaragua, Panama, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, and Belize, while 125,306 Costa Ricans live abroad in the United States, Panama, Nicaragua, Spain, Mexico, Canada, Germany, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, and Ecuador.The number of migrants declined in later years but in 2015, there were some 420,000 immigrants in Costa Rica and the number of asylum seekers (mostly from Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala and Nicaragua) rose to more than 110,000, a fivefold increase from 2012. In 2016, the country was called a "magnet" for migrants from South and Central America and other countries who were hoping to reach the U.S.
|Costa Rican Spanish, English|
|Roman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical 13.7%, other 4.8%, none 3.2%, Buddhism 2%|
|Related ethnic groups|
|White Latin Americans, White Caribbeans|
European Costa Ricans are people from Costa Rica whose ancestry lies within the continent of Europe, most notably Spain. According to DNA studies, around 67%of the population have some level of European ancestry.
Percentages of the Costa Rican population by race are known as the national census does have the question of ethnicity included in its form. As for 2012 65.80% of Costa Ricans identify themselves as white/castizo and 13.65% as mestizo, giving around 80% of Caucasian population. This, however, is based in self-identification and not in scientific studies. According to PLoS Genetics Geographic Patterns of Genome Admixture in Latin American Mestizos study of 2012, Costa Ricans have 67% of European ancestry, 29% aboriginal and 3% African.According to CIA Factbook, Costa Rica has white or mestizo population of the 83.6%.
Cristopher Columbus and crew were the first Europeans ever to set foot on what is now Costa Rica in Columbus last trip when he arrived to Uvita Island (modern day Limón province) in 1502.Costa Rica was part of the Spanish Empire and colonized by Spaniards mostly Castilians, Basque and Sefardi Jews. After the independence large migrations of wealthy Americans, Germans, French and British businessmen came to the country encouraged by the government and followed by their families and employees (many of them technicians and professionals) creating colonies and mixing with the population, especially the high and middle classes. Later, more humble migrations of Italians, Spanish (mostly Catalans) and Arab (mostly Lebanese and Syrians) migrants visit the country escaping economical crisis in their home countries, setting in large, more closed colonies. Polish migrants, mostly Ashkenazi Jews escaping anti-Semitism and nazi persecution in Europe also migrated to the country in large numbers. In 1901 president Ascensión Esquivel Ibarra closes the country to all non-white immigration forbidding the entrance of all Black African, Chinese, Arab, Turkish or Gypsy migration in the country. After the beginning of the Spanish Civil War large migration of Republican refugees also settle in the country, mostly Castilians, Galicians and Asturians, as later Chilean, Mexican and Colombian migrants would leave their countries traveling to Costa Rica escaping from war or dictatorships as Costa Rica is the longest running democracy in Latin America and unlike most of its neighbors had no dictatorship during the 20th century.
The following listing is taken from a publication of the Costa Rica 2011 Census:
|Average population (x 1000)||Live births||Deaths||Natural change||Crude birth rate (per 1000)||Crude death rate (per 1000)||Natural change (per 1000)||TFR|
|1934||558||23 858||10 020||13 838||44.2||18.6||25.6|
|1935||572||24 934||12 630||12 304||45.2||22.9||22.3|
|1936||585||25 450||11 811||13 639||45.2||21.0||24.2|
|1937||599||25 624||11 032||14 592||44.5||19.2||25.3|
|1938||615||26 839||10 422||16 417||45.5||17.7||27.8|
|1939||631||27 027||11 687||15 340||44.7||19.3||25.4|
|1940||648||28 004||11 211||16 793||45.3||18.1||27.2|
|1941||664||28 823||11 429||17 394||45.5||18.1||27.4|
|1942||680||28 263||13 559||14 704||43.7||21.0||22.7|
|1943||697||30 468||11 734||18 734||46.1||17.7||28.4|
|1944||716||29 935||11 295||18 640||44.2||16.7||27.5|
|1945||736||32 529||10 768||21 761||46.8||15.5||31.3|
|1946||759||32 159||9 971||22 188||45.0||13.9||31.1|
|1947||787||32 600||10 967||21 633||44.7||14.9||29.8|
|1948||808||35 956||10 666||25 290||44.5||13.2||31.3|
|1949||832||36 774||10 566||26 208||44.2||12.7||31.5|
|1950||966||39 943||10 480||29 463||41.3||10.8||30.5|
|1951||994||43 068||10 390||32 678||43.3||10.5||32.9|
|1952||1 025||45 816||10 672||35 144||44.7||10.4||34.3|
|1953||1 058||45 697||11 353||34 344||43.2||10.7||32.5|
|1954||1 093||48 857||10 681||38 176||44.7||9.8||34.9|
|1955||1 129||49 800||11 000||39 269||44.1||9.7||34.8|
|1956||1 167||51 350||10 476||40 874||44.0||9.0||35.1|
|1957||1 206||52 860||11 544||41 316||43.9||9.6||34.3|
|1958||1 246||53 919||10 608||43 311||43.3||8.5||34.8|
|1959||1 289||57 801||11 160||46 641||44.8||8.7||36.2|
|1960||1 334||59 701||11 035||48 666||44.8||8.3||36.5|
|1961||1 382||60 641||10 644||49 997||43.9||7.7||36.2|
|1962||1 431||60 750||11 953||48 797||42.5||8.4||34.1|
|1963||1 482||62 821||12 519||50 302||42.4||8.5||34.0|
|1964||1 533||61 870||13 527||48 343||40.4||8.8||31.6|
|1965||1 583||62 400||12 814||49 586||39.4||8.1||31.3|
|1966||1 633||62 330||11 403||50 927||38.2||7.0||31.2|
|1967||1 681||61 229||11 289||49 940||36.4||6.7||29.7|
|1968||1 729||60 902||10 653||50 249||35.2||6.2||29.1|
|1969||1 776||59 636||11 599||48 037||33.6||6.5||27.1|
|1970||1 822||59 557||11 504||48 053||32.7||6.3||26.4|
|1971||1 867||58 138||10 575||47 563||31.2||5.7||25.5|
|1972||1 911||59 274||10 855||48 419||31.0||5.7||25.4|
|1973||1 956||58 177||9 702||48 475||29.8||5.0||24.8|
|1974||2 002||57 749||9 512||48 237||28.9||4.8||24.1|
|1975||2 052||59 175||9 615||49 560||28.9||4.7||24.2|
|1976||2 105||60 668||9 356||51 312||28.8||4.4||24.4|
|1977||2 162||64 190||8 907||55 283||29.7||4.1||25.6|
|1978||2 222||67 722||8 625||59 097||30.5||3.9||26.6|
|1979||2 284||69 318||9 143||60 175||30.4||4.0||26.4|
|1980||2 348||70 048||9 268||61 780||29.8||3.9||26.3|
|1981||2 415||72 294||8 990||63 304||30.0||3.7||26.2|
|1982||2 483||73 168||9 168||64 000||29.5||3.7||25.8|
|1983||2 554||72 944||9 432||63 536||28.6||3.7||24.9|
|1984||2 626||76 878||9 931||66 217||29.0||3.8||25.2|
|1985||2 699||84 337||10 493||73 841||31.3||3.9||27.4|
|1986||2 773||83 194||10 449||72 745||30.0||3.8||26.3|
|1987||2 848||80 326||10 687||69 639||28.2||3.8||24.5|
|1988||2 924||81 376||10 944||70 432||27.8||3.7||24.1|
|1989||3 001||83 460||11 272||72 188||27.8||3.8||24.1|
|1990||3 079||81 939||11 366||70 573||26.6||3.7||22.9|
|1991||3 156||81 110||11 792||69 318||25.7||3.7||22.0|
|1992||3 234||80 164||12 253||67 911||24.8||3.8||21.0|
|1993||3 312||79 714||12 544||67 170||24.1||3.8||20.3|
|1994||3 394||80 391||13 313||67 078||23.7||3.9||19.8|
|1995||3 478||80 306||14 061||66 245||23.1||4.0||19.0|
|1996||3 567||79 203||13 993||65 210||22.2||3.9||18.3|
|1997||3 658||78 018||14 260||63 758||21.3||3.9||17.4|
|1998||3 751||76 982||14 708||62 274||20.5||3.9||16.6|
|1999||3 842||78 526||15 052||63 474||20.4||3.9||16.5|
|2000||3 930||78 178||14 944||63 234||19.9||3.8||16.1|
|2001||4 013||76 401||15 608||60 793||19.0||3.9||15.1|
|2002||4 094||71 144||15 004||56 140||17.4||3.7||13.7|
|2003||4 171||72 938||15 800||57 138||17.5||3.8||13.7|
|2004||4 246||72 247||15 949||56 298||17.0||3.8||13.3|
|2005||4 320||71 548||16 139||55 409||16.6||3.7||12.8|
|2006||4 392||71 291||16 766||54 525||16.2||3.8||12.4|
|2007||4 463||73 144||17 071||56 073||16.4||3.8||12.6|
|2008||4 533||75 187||18 021||57 166||16.6||4.0||12.6|
|2009||4 601||75 000||18 560||56 440||16.2||4.0||12.2||1.974|
|2010||4 670||70 922||19 077||51 845||15.5||4.2||11.4||1.810|
|2011||4 738||73 459||18 801||54 658||15.9||4.1||11.8||1.870|
|2012||4 652||73 326||19 200||54 126||15.7||4.1||11.6||1.88|
|2013||4 713||70 550||19 647||50 903||15.0||4.2||10.8||1.76|
|2014||4 773||71 793||20 553||51 240||15.0||4.3||10.7||1.86|
|2015||4 832||71 819||21 039||50 780||14.9||4.3||10.6||1.75|
|2016||4 890||70 004||22 603||47 401||14.3||4.6||9.7||1.70|
|2017||4 947||68 816||23 251||45 565||13.9||4.7||9.2||1.67|
Structure of the population (01.07.2017) (Estimates - the source of data is the national household survey):
|Total||2 405 636||2 541 064||4 946 700||100|
|0-4||153 647||153 302||306 949||6,20|
|5-9||180 403||179 809||360 212||7,28|
|10-14||200 123||174 821||374 944||7,57|
|15-19||216 776||211 077||427 853||8,64|
|20-24||215 301||205 588||420 889||8,50|
|25-29||188 815||198 789||387 604||7,83|
|30-34||176 356||198 185||373 541||7,55|
|35-39||161 288||174 851||336 139||7,40|
|40-44||145 430||164 672||310 102||6,26|
|45-49||136 591||163 412||300 003||6,06|
|50-54||146 253||168 407||314 660||6,36|
|55-59||133 924||144 718||278 642||5,63|
|60-64||108 422||126 063||234 485||4,74|
|65-69||83 152||92 321||175 473||3,54|
|70-74||55 495||75 098||130 593||2,64|
|75-79||50 799||45 514||96 313||1,94|
|80-84||28 176||31 126||59 302||1,20|
|85-89||16 164||20 771||36 935||0,74|
|90-94||6 159||10 188||16 347||0,33|
|95+||2 362||3 352||5 714||0,11|
|unknown||3 000||2 158||5 158||0,10|
|0-14||522 072||498 520||1 020 592||21,63|
|15-64||1 580 192||1 676 121||3 256 313||69,02|
|65+||187 174||248 444||435 618||9,23|
|Period||Life expectancy in |
|Period||Life expectancy in |
Source: UN World Population Prospects
Nearly all Costa Ricans speak Spanish; but many blacks speak a traditional Jamaican dialect of English, also a few of the Natives speak their own language, such as the case of the Ngobes.
According to the World Factbook the main religions are: Roman Catholic, 76.3%; Evangelical, 13.7%; Jehovah's Witnesses, 1.3%; other Protestant, 0.7%; other, 4.8%; none, 3.2%.
The most recent nationwide survey of religion in Costa Rica , conducted in 2007 by the University of Costa Rica, found that 70.5 percent of the population identify themselves as Roman Catholics (with 44.9 percent practicing, 25.6 percent nonpracticing), 13.8 percent are Evangelical Protestants, 11.3 percent report that they do not have a religion, and 4.3 percent declare that they belong to another religion.
Apart from the dominant Catholic religion, there are several other religious groups in the country.Methodist, Lutheran, Episcopal, Baptist, and other Protestant groups have significant membership. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) claim more than 35,000 members and has a temple in San José that served as a regional worship center for Costa Rica, Panama, Nicaragua, and Honduras.
Although they represent less than 1 percent of the population, Jehovah's Witnesses have a strong presence on the Caribbean coast.Seventh-day Adventists operate a university that attracts students from throughout the Caribbean Basin. The Unification Church maintains its continental headquarters for Latin America in San José.
Non-Christian religious groups, including followers of Judaism, Islam, Taoism, Hare Krishna, Paganism, Wicca, Scientology, Tenrikyo, and the Bahá'í Faith, claim membership throughout the country, with the majority of worshipers residing in the Central Valley (the area of the capital).While there is no general correlation between religion and ethnicity, indigenous peoples are more likely to practice animism than other religions.
Article 75 of the Costa Rican Constitution states that the "Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman Religion is the official religion of the Republic".That same article provides for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respects this right in practice. The US government found no reports of societal abuses or discrimination based on religious belief or practice in 2007.
The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook
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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Nicaragua, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Uruguay, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Costa Rican culture has been heavily influenced by Spanish culture ever since the Spanish colonization of the Americas including the territory which today forms Costa Rica. Parts of the country have other strong cultural influences, including the Caribbean province of Limón and the Cordillera de Talamanca which are influenced by Jamaican immigrants and indigenous native people, respectively.
Afro-Latin American or Black Latin American refers to Latin Americans of significant African ancestry. The term may also refer to historical or cultural elements in Latin America thought to have emanated from this community.
Nicaraguans are people inhabiting in, originating or having significant heritage from Nicaragua. Most Nicaraguans live in Nicaragua, although there is also a significant Nicaraguan diaspora, particularly in Costa Rica and the United States with smaller communities in other countries around the world. There are also people living in Nicaragua who are not Nicaraguans because they were not born or raised in Nicaragua nor have they gained citizenship.
Latin Americans are the citizens of the Latin American countries and dependencies. Latin American countries are multi-ethnic, home to people of different ethnic and national backgrounds. As a result, some Latin Americans do not take their nationality as an ethnicity, but identify themselves with both their nationality and their ancestral origins. Aside from the indigenous Amerindian population, all Latin Americans or their ancestors immigrated since 1492. Latin America has the largest diasporas of Spaniards, Portuguese, Black Africans, Italians, Lebanese and Japanese in the world. The region also has large German, French, and Jewish diasporas.
Central America is a region of North America formed by six Latin American countries and one (officially) Anglo-American country, Belize. As an isthmus it connects South America with the remainder of mainland North America, and comprises the following countries : Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Costa Rica:
Christianity is the largest religion in Costa Rica, with Roman Catholics having the most adherents.
Afro-Costa Ricans are Costa Ricans of African ancestry.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Colombia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. It is the second-most populous country in South America after Brazil.
Jamaicans are the citizens of Jamaica and their descendants in the Jamaican diaspora. Most Jamaicans are of African descent, with smaller minorities of Europeans, East Indians, Chinese and others or mixed ancestry. The bulk of the Jamaican diaspora resides in other Anglophone countries, namely Australia, Canada, United States and the United Kingdom and, to a lesser extent, other Caribbean countries and Commonwealth realms. Outside of Anglophone countries, the largest diaspora of Jamaicans lies in Costa Rica, where Jamaicans make up a significant percentage of the population.
Afro-Nicaraguans are Nicaraguans of African descent in Nicaragua. They make up 9% of the population and they're the largest group of African descent in in Central America. Numbering almost 600,000, according to the CIA factbook (2011), they primarily live on the southeastern coast, the Mosquito Coast, Bluefields and Managua. The 1990 Nicaraguan national census recorded 25,000 or 1% of the population. Creoles are from the Anglo-Caribbean and speak a dialect of Jamaican patois known as Miskito Coast Creole. Nicaragua also has a Garifuna population.
Costa Ricans, also called Ticos, are a group of people from a multiethnic Spanish speaking nation in Central America called Costa Rica. Costa Ricans are predominantly whites, castizos, harnizos and mestizo, but their country is considered a multiethnic society, which means that it is home to people of many different ethnic backgrounds. As a result, modern-day Costa Ricans do not consider their nationality as an ethnicity but as a citizenship with various ethnicities. Costa Rica has four small minority groups: Mulattoes, Blacks, Asians, and Amerindians. In addition to the "Indigenas", whites, mestizos, blacks and mulattoes, Costa Rica is also home to thousands of Asians. Most of the Chinese and Indians now living in the country are descendants of those that arrived during the 19th century as migrant workers.
Panamanian people or Panamanians are people identified with Panama, a country in Central America, whose connection may be residential, legal, historical, or cultural. For most Panamanians, several or all of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their Panamanian identity. Panama is a multilingual and multicultural society, home to people of many different ethnicities and religions. Therefore, many Panamanians do not equate their nationality with ethnicity, but with citizenship and allegiance to Panama. The overwhelming majority of Panamanians are the product of varying degrees of admixture between European ethnic groups with native Amerindians who are indigenous to Panama’s modern territory.