This article is about the demographic features of the population of Panama, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
In biology, a population is the number of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding. The area of a sexual population is the area where inter-breeding is potentially possible between any pair within the area, and where the probability of interbreeding is greater than the probability of cross-breeding with individuals from other areas.
Panama, officially the Republic of Panama, is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half the country's 4 million people.
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.
Panama's population was 4,034,119 people in 2016, compared to 860,000 in 1950. The proportion of the population aged below 15 in 2010 was 29%. 64.5% of the population were aged between 15 and 65, with 6.6% of the population being 65 years or older.
Structure of the population (01.07.2013) (Estimates - Data refer to projections based on the 2010 Population Census):
|Total||1 934 264||1 916 471||3 850 735||100|
|0-4||187 797||179 822||367 619||9,55|
|5-9||184 487||176 909||361 396||9,39|
|10-14||180 579||173 379||353 958||9,19|
|15-19||170 895||164 639||335 534||8,71|
|20-24||160 414||155 878||316 292||8,21|
|25-29||154 493||150 986||305 479||7,93|
|30-34||147 618||144 488||292 106||7,59|
|35-39||140 942||138 936||279 878||7,27|
|40-44||130 725||130 042||260 767||6,77|
|45-49||113 877||114 213||228 090||5,92|
|50-54||96 564||98 076||194 640||5,05|
|55-59||76 084||78 641||154 725||4,02|
|60-64||58 974||62 105||121 079||3,14|
|65-69||45 360||48 700||94 060||2,44|
|70-74||33 839||37 313||71 152||1,85|
|75-79||23 622||27 020||50 642||1,32|
|80-84||14 944||17 956||32 900||0,85|
|85-89||8 174||10 458||18 632||0,48|
|90-94||3 573||4 938||8 511||0,22|
|95-99||1 119||1 678||2 797||0,07|
|0-14||552 863||530 110||1 082 973||28,12|
|15-64||1 250 586||1 238 004||2 488 590||64,63|
|65+||130 815||148 357||279 172||7,25|
More than half the population lives in the Panama City-Colón metropolitan corridor.
Panama City is the capital and largest city of Panama. It has an urban population of 880,691, with over 1.5 million in its metropolitan area. The city is located at the Pacific entrance of the Panama Canal, in the province of Panama. The city is the political and administrative center of the country, as well as a hub for banking and commerce.
Colón is a city and sea port in Panama, beside the Caribbean Sea, lying near the Atlantic entrance to the Panama Canal. It is the capital of Panama's Colón Province and has traditionally been known as Panama's second city. Originally it was located entirely on Manzanillo Island, surrounded by Limon Bay, Manzanillo Bay and the Folks River; however, since the disestablishment of the Panama Canal Zone, the city's limits have been redefined to include Fort Gulick, a former U.S. Army base, as well the former Canal Zone towns of Cristobal, Margarita and Coco Solo.
|Province||Capital city||Population(2010 Est.)|
|Bocas del Toro||Bocas del Toro||118,405|
|Los Santos||Las Tablas||90,984|
|Panamá||Ciudad de Panamá||1,796,674|
|Kuna de Madugandí||N/D||N/D|
|Kuna Yala||El Porvenir||37,545|
|Kuna de Wargandí||N/D||N/D|
The culture, customs, and language of Panama are predominantly Caribbean Spanish. In 2010 the population was 65% Mestizo (mixed white, Native American), 9.2% Black, 6.8% mulattoes, 13% White and 6% Native Americans.
The Caribbean is a region of The Americas that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands and the surrounding coasts. The region is southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and the North American mainland, east of Central America, and north of South America.
Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
Mestizo is a term traditionally used in Spain, Latin America and the Philippines that originally referred to a person of combined European and Indigenous American descent, regardless of where the person was born. The term was used as an ethnic/racial category in the casta system that was in use during the Spanish Empire's control of its American and Asian colonies. Nowadays though, particularly in Spanish America, mestizo has become more of a cultural term, with culturally mainstream Latin Americans regarded or termed as mestizos regardless of their actual ancestry and with the term Indian being reserved exclusively for people who have maintained a separate indigenous ethnic identity, language, tribal affiliation, etc. Consequently, today, the vast majority of Spanish-speaking Latin Americans are regarded as mestizos.
Caucasian ethnic groups in Panama include Spanish, British and Irish, Dutch, French, Germans, Italians, Portuguese, Poles, Russians or Ukrainians, (a large number are Jews), Greeks, and Americans.
The British people, or the Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territories, and the Crown dependencies. British nationality law governs modern British citizenship and nationality, which can be acquired, for instance, by descent from British nationals. When used in a historical context, "British" or "Britons" can refer to the Celtic Britons, the indigenous inhabitants of Great Britain and Brittany, whose surviving members are the modern Welsh people, Cornish people, and Bretons. It may also refer to citizens of the former British Empire.
The Irish are a Celtic nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry, identity and culture. Ireland has been inhabited for about 12,500 years according to archaeological studies. For most of Ireland's recorded history, the Irish have been primarily a Gaelic people. Anglo-Normans conquered parts of Ireland in the 12th century, while England's 16th/17th-century (re)conquest and colonisation of Ireland brought a large number of English and Lowland Scots people to parts of the island, especially the north. Today, Ireland is made up of the Republic of Ireland and the smaller Northern Ireland. The people of Northern Ireland hold various national identities including British, Irish, Northern Irish or some combination thereof.
Dutch people or the Dutch are a Germanic ethnic group native to the Netherlands. They share a common culture and speak the Dutch language. Dutch people and their descendants are found in migrant communities worldwide, notably in Aruba, Suriname, Guyana, Curaçao, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and the United States. The Low Countries were situated around the border of France and the Holy Roman Empire, forming a part of their respective peripheries, and the various territories of which they consisted had become virtually autonomous by the 13th century. Under the Habsburgs, the Netherlands were organised into a single administrative unit, and in the 16th and 17th centuries the Northern Netherlands gained independence from Spain as the Dutch Republic. The high degree of urbanization characteristic of Dutch society was attained at a relatively early date. During the Republic the first series of large-scale Dutch migrations outside of Europe took place.
|Census 1990||Census 2000||Census 2010|
|Census 1990||Census 2000||Census 2010|
Panama has a considerable population of Arabs and Asians: in particular Chinese, Lebanese, Palestinians, South Asians (from India and Pakistan) and Syrians. The first Chinese immigrated to Panama from southern China in the 19th century to help build the Panama Railroad. There followed several waves of immigrants, especially after the 1970s, when the ensuing decades saw up to 80,000 immigrants from all over China. At least 50,000 Panamanians are ethnic Chinese, though some estimates count as many as 135,000. Most of the Chinese population reside in the province of Chiriquí. Some studies suggest that almost 1 million Panamanians have at least one Chinese ancestor.
Arabs are a population inhabiting the Arab world. They primarily live in the Arab states in Western Asia, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and western Indian Ocean islands. They also form a significant diaspora, with Arab communities established around the world.
Lebanon, officially known as the Lebanese Republic, is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus is west across the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland facilitated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity. At just 10,452 km2, it is the smallest recognized sovereign state on the mainland Asian continent.
The Palestinian people, also referred to as Palestinians or Palestinian Arabs, are an ethnonational group comprising the modern descendants of the peoples who have lived in Palestine over the centuries, including Jews and Samaritans, and who today are largely culturally and linguistically Arab. Despite various wars and exoduses, roughly one half of the world's Palestinian population continues to reside in historic Palestine, the area encompassing the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and Israel. In this combined area, as of 2005, Palestinians constituted 49% of all inhabitants, encompassing the entire population of the Gaza Strip, the majority of the population of the West Bank and 20.8% of the population of Israel proper as Arab citizens of Israel. Many are Palestinian refugees or internally displaced Palestinians, including more than a million in the Gaza Strip, about 750,000 in the West Bank and about 250,000 in Israel proper. Of the Palestinian population who live abroad, known as the Palestinian diaspora, more than half are stateless, lacking citizenship in any country. Between 2.1 and 3.24 million of the diaspora population live in neighboring Jordan, over 1 million live between Syria and Lebanon and about 750,000 live in Saudi Arabia, with Chile's half a million representing the largest concentration outside the Middle East.
Afro-Panamanians first arrived during the colonial era. They are intermixed in the general population or live in small Afro-Panamanian communities along the Atlantic Coast and in villages within the Darién jungle. Most of the people in Darien are fishermen or small-scale farmers growing crops such as bananas, rice and coffee as well as raising livestock. Other Afro-Panamanians descend from later migrants from the Caribbean who came to work on railroad-construction projects, commercial agricultural enterprises, and (especially) the canal. Important Afro-Caribbean community areas include towns and cities such as Colón, Cristobal and Balboa, in the former Canal Zone, as well as the Río Abajo area of Panama City. Another region with a large Afro-Caribbean population is the province of Bocas del Toro on the Caribbean coast just south of Costa Rica.
Most of the Panamanian population of West Indian descent owe their presence in the country to the monumental efforts to build the Panama Canal in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Three-quarters of the 50,000 workers who built the canal were Afro Caribbean migrants from the British West Indies. Thousands of Afro-Caribbean workers were recruited from Jamaica, Barbados and Trinidad.
Many languages, including seven indigenous languages, are spoken in Panama, although Spanish is the official and dominant language. The local variant is Panamanian Spanish. English is sometimes spoken by many professionals and those working in the business or governmental sectors of society.
Indigenous languages include Guaymí, Kuna, Northern Embera and Teribe. Bocas del Toro Creole is also spoken.
The majority of Panamanians are Christian; most are Roman Catholics as a result centuries of Spanish colonial influence. Other faiths exist in Panama by the country's tolerance and freedom of religion, there are large Protestant, Jewish, Bahá'í, Muslim and Hindu religious groups in Panama.
Registration of vital events is in Panama not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates.
|CBR*||CDR*||NC*||TFR*||IMR*||Life expectancy |
|Life expectancy |
|Life expectancy |
|1950-1955||38 000||11 000||27 000||41.4||12.0||29.5||5.76||92||56.8||55.9||57.8|
|1955-1960||44 000||11 000||33 000||41.7||10.6||31.1||5.87||80||59.5||58.6||60.5|
|1960-1965||50 000||11 000||39 000||40.9||9.2||31.6||5.79||68||62.1||61.1||63.3|
|1965-1970||55 000||12 000||44 000||38.8||8.1||30.7||5.41||58||64.3||63.2||65.6|
|1970-1975||59 000||11 000||48 000||36.1||7.0||29.2||4.88||48||66.7||65.1||68.5|
|1975-1980||61 000||11 000||50 000||32.5||5.9||26.6||4.19||39||69.2||67.2||71.5|
|1980-1985||62 000||11 000||51 000||29.5||5.4||24.1||3.63||34||71.0||68.6||73.7|
|1985-1990||64 000||12 000||53 000||27.3||5.1||22.3||3.24||29||72.4||69.6||75.4|
|1990-1995||67 000||13 000||54 000||25.5||4.9||20.6||2.96||26||73.6||70.8||76.5|
|1995-2000||71 000||14 000||57 000||24.6||4.8||19.8||2.87||24||74.6||72.2||77.2|
|2000-2005||74 000||15 000||59 000||23.1||4.8||18.3||2.76||20||75.6||73.0||78.3|
|2005-2010||75 000||17 000||58 000||21.3||4.9||16.4||2.62||17||76.4||73.6||79.5|
|* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)|
|Year||Population||Live births||Deaths||Natural increase||Crude birth rate||Crude death rate||Rate of natural increase||TFR|
|1952||29 013||6 791||22 222||36.0||8.4||27.6|
|1953||31 428||7 638||23 790||37.9||9.2||28.7|
|1954||33 521||7 511||26 010||39.3||8.8||30.5|
|1955||34 592||8 059||26 533||39.4||9.2||30.2|
|1956||35 582||8 352||27 230||39.3||9.2||30.1|
|1957||37 743||8 656||29 087||40.5||9.3||31.2|
|1958||37 733||8 364||29 369||39.3||8.7||30.6|
|1959||40 296||8 959||31 337||40.8||9.1||31.7|
|1960||42 359||8 827||33 532||39.9||8.3||31.6|
|1961||44 207||8 851||35 356||40.4||8.1||32.3|
|1962||46 274||8 239||38 035||41.1||7.3||33.8|
|1963||46 656||9 239||37 417||40.2||8.0||32.2|
|1964||47 419||8 743||38 676||39.6||7.3||32.3|
|1965||48 377||9 035||39 342||39.2||7.3||31.9|
|1966||49 394||9 184||40 210||38.9||7.2||31.7|
|1967||50 795||8 938||41 857||38.8||6.8||32.0|
|1968||52 489||9 568||42 921||38.9||7.1||31.8|
|1969||52 799||9 791||43 008||38.0||7.0||31.0|
|1970||53 287||10 225||43 062||37.1||7.1||30.0||5.0|
|1971||54 948||9 857||45 091||37.2||6.7||30.5|
|1972||54 910||9 076||45 834||36.0||6.0||30.0|
|1973||52 091||9 161||42 930||33.2||5.8||27.4|
|1974||52 772||9 001||43 771||32. 6||5.6||27.0|
|1975||53 790||8 683||45 107||32.3||5.2||27.1|
|1976||53 002||8 564||44 438||30.8||5.0||25.8|
|1977||52 722||8 036||44 686||29.8||4.5||25.3|
|1978||53 040||7 555||45 485||29.1||4.1||25.0|
|1979||52 919||8 192||44 727||28.2||4.4||23.8|
|1980||52 626||7 959||44 667||26.9||4.1||22.8||3.4|
|1981||53 873||7 976||45 897||26.9||4.0||22.9|
|1982||54 491||8 142||46 349||26.7||4.0||22.7|
|1983||55 222||8 499||46 723||26.4||4.1||22.3|
|1984||56 659||8 250||48 409||26.5||3.9||22.6|
|1985||58 038||8 991||49 047||26.6||4.1||22.5|
|1986||57 655||8 942||48 713||25.9||4.0||21.9|
|1987||57 647||9 105||48 542||25.3||4.0||21.3|
|1988||58 459||9 382||49 077||25.2||4.0||21.2|
|1989||59 069||9 557||49 512||25.1||4.1||21.0|
|1990||59 904||9 799||50 105||25.0||4.1||20.9||2.9|
|1991||60 080||9 683||50 397||24.6||4.0||20.6|
|1992||59 905||10 143||49 762||24.1||4.1||20.0|
|1993||59 191||10 669||48 522||23.3||4.2||19.1|
|1994||59 947||10 983||48 964||23.2||4.3||18.9|
|1995||61 939||11 032||50 907||23.5||4.2||19.3|
|1996||63 401||11 161||52 240||23.7||4.2||19.5|
|1997||68 009||12 179||55 830||25.0||4.5||20.5|
|1998||62 351||11 824||50 527||22.6||4.3||18.3|
|1999||64 248||11 938||52 310||22.9||4.2||18.7|
|2000||64 839||11 841||52 998||22.7||4.1||18.6||2.7|
|2001||63 900||12 442||51 458||21.3||4.1||17.2|
|2002||61 671||12 428||49 243||20.2||4.1||16.1|
|2003||61 753||13 248||48 505||19.8||4.3||15.5|
|2004||62 743||13 475||49 268||19.8||4.2||15.6|
|2005||63 645||14 180||49 465||19.7||4.4||15.3|
|2006||65 764||14 358||51 406||20.0||4.4||15.6|
|2007||67 634||14 775||52 589||19.4||4.3||15.1|
|2008||68 759||15 115||53 644||19.4||4.3||15.1|
|2009||68 364||15 498||52 866||19.0||4.3||14.7||2.5|
|2010||3 405 813||67 955||16 542||51 413||18.6||4.5||14.1||2.4|
|2011||73 292||16 367||56 925||19.7||4.4||15.3||2.5|
|2012||75 486||17 350||58 136||19.9||4.6||15.3||2.5|
|2013||73 804||17 767||56 037||19.2||4.6||14.6|
|2014||75 183||18 171||57 012||19.2||4.6||14.6|
|2015||75 901||18 182||57 919||19.1||4.6||14.5|
|2016||75 184||18 882||56 302||18.6||4.7||13.9||2.4|
|2017||74 832||18 388||56 444||18.3||4.7||13.6|
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Costa Rica, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Dominican Republic, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Nicaragua, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Panama is a country located in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica. Panama is located on the narrow and low Isthmus of Panama.
Limón is one of seven provinces in Costa Rica. The province covers an area of 9,189 km², and has a population of 386,862.
Bocas del Toro (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbokaz ðel ˈtoɾo]; meaning "Bull’s river mouths") is a province of Panama. Its area is 4,643.9 square kilometers, comprising the mainland and nine main islands. The province consists of the Bocas del Toro Archipelago, Bahía Almirante, Chiriquí Lagoon, and adjacent mainland. The capital is the city of Bocas del Toro on Isla Colón. Other major cities or towns include Almirante and Changuinola. The province has a population of 125,461 as of 2010.
Bocas del Toro, also known colloquially as Bocas Town, is the capital of the Panamanian province of Bocas del Toro and the district of Bocas del Toro. It is a town and a tourist resort located on the southern tip of Colón Island in the Bocas del Toro Archipelago in the Caribbean Sea. Bocas Town had 12,996 residents in 2008.
Emberá is a dialect continuum spoken by 100,000 people in northwestern Colombia and southeastern Panama. It belongs to the Choco language family.
Almirante is a city in Bocas del Toro Province in the Republic of Panama. Its name is Spanish for admiral.
Chiriquí Grande is a corregimiento in Chiriquí Grande District, Bocas del Toro Province, Panama. It is the seat of Chiriquí Grande District. It has a land area of 58.8 square kilometres (22.7 sq mi) and had a population of 3,014 as of 2010, giving it a population density of 51.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (133/sq mi). Its population as of 1990 was 7,637; its population as of 2000 was 2,069. The town is located on the southern shore of Chiriquí Lagoon and its port serves as the northern terminus of the Trans-Panama pipeline.
Kusapín (Sabricotte) is a district of the county Panamanian indigenous Ngobe Bugle. Its capital is the town of Kusapín. It has an area of 1,693.2 km2 and a population of 33,121 inhabitants according to 2010 census data. The district's population is predominantly ethnic Ngobe Bugle.
The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Republic of Panamá.
Afro-Panamanians are Panamanians of African descent. The Afro-Panamanian population can be mainly broken into one of two categories "Afro-Colonials," Afro-Panamanians descended from slaves brought to Panama during the colonial period, and "Afro-Antilleans," West Indian immigrant-descendants with origins in Trinidad, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Grenada, Haiti, Barbados and Jamaica, whose ancestors were brought in to build the Panama Canal. Afro-Panamanians can be found in the towns and cities of Colón, Cristóbal and Balboa, the Río Abajo area of Panama City, the Canal Zone and the province of Bocas del Toro.
The Bocas del Toro Archipelago is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea in the northwest of Panama. The archipelago separates Almirante Bay and Chiriquí Lagoon from the open Caribbean Sea. The archipelago is part of the Bocas del Toro District which is part of Bocas del Toro Province. The major city is Bocas del Toro, also called Bocas Town, on Isla Colón. The islands are accessible by water taxis and private boats. Isla Colón is accessible by airplanes, ferries, private boats, and water taxis. Bocas del Toro "Isla Colón" International Airport, located just west of Bocas Town, provides air transportation to and from the islands. Ferries serve Bocas Town from Almirante, Changuinola, and Chiriquí Grande.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Colombia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. It is the second-most populous country in South America after Brazil.
Indigenous peoples of Panama, or Native Panamanians, are the native peoples of Panama. According to the 2010 census, they make up 12.3% of the overall population of 3.4 million, or just over 418,000 people. The Guaymí and Ngöbe-Buglé comprise half of the indigenous peoples of Panama.
Panamanian people or Panamanians are people identified with Panama, a country in Central America, whose connection may be residential, legal, historical, or cultural. For most Panamanians, several or all of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their Panamanian identity. Panama is a multilingual and multicultural society, home to people of many different ethnicities and religions. Therefore, many Panamanians do not equate their nationality with ethnicity, but with citizenship and allegiance to Panama. The overwhelming majority of Panamanians are the product of varying degrees of admixture between European ethnic groups with native Amerindians who are indigenous to Panama’s modern territory.
José Antonio Price (1890–1951) was a prominent Afro-Panamanian physician and Liberal politician who graduated from University of West Tennessee College of Medicine and Surgery in 1913. Dr. Price is regarded as the first black Panamanian to hold a medical degree in early republican Panama.