This article is about the demographic features of the population of Panama, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Panama's population was 4,176,869 people in 2018, compared to 860,000 in 1950. The proportion of the population aged below 15 in 2010 was 29%. 64.5% of the population were aged between 15 and 65, with 6.6% of the population being 65 years or older.
Structure of the population (01.07.2013) (Estimates - Data refer to projections based on the 2010 Population Census):
|Total||1 934 264||1 916 471||3 850 735||100|
|0-4||187 797||179 822||367 619||9.55|
|5-9||184 487||176 909||361 396||9.39|
|10-14||180 579||173 379||353 958||9,19|
|15-19||170 895||164 639||335 534||8,71|
|20-24||160 414||155 878||316 292||8.21|
|25-29||154 493||150 986||305 479||7.93|
|30-34||147 618||144 488||292 106||7.59|
|35-39||140 942||138 936||279 878||7.27|
|40-44||130 725||130 042||260 767||6.77|
|45-49||113 877||114 213||228 090||5.92|
|50-54||96 564||98 076||194 640||5.05|
|55-59||76 084||78 641||154 725||4.02|
|60-64||58 974||62 105||121 079||3.14|
|65-69||45 360||48 700||94 060||2.44|
|70-74||33 839||37 313||71 152||1.85|
|75-79||23 622||27 020||50 642||1.32|
|80-84||14 944||17 956||32 900||0.85|
|85-89||8 174||10 458||18 632||0.48|
|90-94||3 573||4 938||8 511||0,22|
|95-99||1 119||1 678||2 797||0.07|
|0-14||552 863||530 110||1 082 973||28.12|
|15-64||1 250 586||1 238 004||2 488 590||64.63|
|65+||130 815||148 357||279 172||7.25|
More than half the population lives in the Panama City-Colón metropolitan corridor.
|Province||Capital city||Population(2010 Est.)|
|Bocas del Toro||Bocas del Toro||118,405|
|Los Santos||Las Tablas||90,984|
|Panamá||Ciudad de Panamá||1,796,674|
|Kuna de Madugandí||N/D||N/D|
|Kuna Yala||El Porvenir||37,545|
|Kuna de Wargandí||N/D||N/D|
The culture, customs, and language of Panama are predominantly Caribbean Spanish. In 2010 the population was 65% mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian), 12.3% Native Panamanians, 9.2% black, 6.8% mulattoes, and 6.7% white.
European Panamanians or Caucasian ethnic groups in Panama include Spanish, British and Irish, Dutch, French, Germans, Italians, Portuguese, Poles, Russians or Ukrainians (a large number are Jews), Greeks, and Americans.
|Census 1990||Census 2000||Census 2010|
|Census 1990||Census 2000||Census 2010|
Panama has a considerable population of Arabs and Asians: in particular Chinese, Lebanese, Palestinians, South Asians (from India and Pakistan) and Syrians. The first Chinese immigrated to Panama from southern China in the 19th century to help build the Panama Railroad. There followed several waves of immigrants, especially after the 1970s, when the ensuing decades saw up to 80,000 immigrants from all over China. At least 50,000 Panamanians are ethnic Chinese, though some estimates count as many as 135,000. Most of the Chinese population reside in the province of Chiriquí. Some studies suggest that almost 1 million Panamanians have at least one Chinese ancestor.
Afro-Panamanians first arrived during the colonial era. They are intermixed in the general population or live in small Afro-Panamanian communities along the Atlantic Coast and in villages within the Darién jungle. Most of the people in Darien are fishermen or small-scale farmers growing crops such as bananas, rice and coffee as well as raising livestock. Other Afro-Panamanians descend from later migrants from the Caribbean who came to work on railroad-construction projects, commercial agricultural enterprises, and (especially) the canal. Important Afro-Caribbean community areas include towns and cities such as Colón, Cristobal and Balboa, in the former Canal Zone, as well as the Río Abajo area of Panama City. Another region with a large Afro-Caribbean population is the province of Bocas del Toro on the Caribbean coast just south of Costa Rica.
Most of the Panamanian population of West Indian descent owe their presence in the country to the monumental efforts to build the Panama Canal in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Three-quarters of the 50,000 workers who built the canal were Afro Caribbean migrants from the British West Indies. Thousands of Afro-Caribbean workers were recruited from Jamaica, Barbados and Trinidad.
Many languages, including seven indigenous languages, are spoken in Panama, although Spanish is the official and dominant language. The local variant is Panamanian Spanish. English is sometimes spoken by many professionals and those working in the business or governmental sectors of society.
Indigenous languages include Guaymí, Kuna, Northern Embera and Teribe. Bocas del Toro Creole is also spoken.
The majority of Panamanians are Christian; most are Roman Catholics as a result centuries of Spanish colonial influence. Other faiths exist in Panama by the country's tolerance and freedom of religion, there are large Protestant, Jewish, Bahá'í, Muslim and Hindu religious groups in Panama.
Registration of vital events is in Panama not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates.
|CBR*||CDR*||NC*||TFR*||IMR*||Life expectancy |
|Life expectancy |
|Life expectancy |
|1950-1955||38 000||11 000||27 000||41.4||12.0||29.5||5.76||92||56.8||55.9||57.8|
|1955-1960||44 000||11 000||33 000||41.7||10.6||31.1||5.87||80||59.5||58.6||60.5|
|1960-1965||50 000||11 000||39 000||40.9||9.2||31.6||5.79||68||62.1||61.1||63.3|
|1965-1970||55 000||12 000||44 000||38.8||8.1||30.7||5.41||58||64.3||63.2||65.6|
|1970-1975||59 000||11 000||48 000||36.1||7.0||29.2||4.88||48||66.7||65.1||68.5|
|1975-1980||61 000||11 000||50 000||32.5||5.9||26.6||4.19||39||69.2||67.2||71.5|
|1980-1985||62 000||11 000||51 000||29.5||5.4||24.1||3.63||34||71.0||68.6||73.7|
|1985-1990||64 000||12 000||53 000||27.3||5.1||22.3||3.24||29||72.4||69.6||75.4|
|1990-1995||67 000||13 000||54 000||25.5||4.9||20.6||2.96||26||73.6||70.8||76.5|
|1995-2000||71 000||14 000||57 000||24.6||4.8||19.8||2.87||24||74.6||72.2||77.2|
|2000-2005||74 000||15 000||59 000||23.1||4.8||18.3||2.76||20||75.6||73.0||78.3|
|2005-2010||75 000||17 000||58 000||21.3||4.9||16.4||2.62||17||76.4||73.6||79.5|
|* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)|
|Year||Population||Live births||Deaths||Natural increase||Crude birth rate||Crude death rate||Rate of natural increase||TFR|
Panama’s census has been postponed by one year due to the COVID-19 pandemic but the government are currently assessing additional implications. They are evaluating the preparatory processes that can begin now, such as procurement.
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Panama, officially the Republic of Panama, is a transcontinental country in Central America and South America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half the country's 4 million people.
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