List of earthquakes in Costa Rica

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Notable earthquakes in the history of Costa Rica include the following:


NameDateEpicentre Mag. MMDepthNotesDeaths
2017 Costa Rica earthquake 2017-11-13
02:28:24 UTC
16 km south east of Jaco 6.5VIII19.8 kmAll casualties caused by heart attacks. [1] 3
2012 Costa Rica earthquake (aftershock)2012-10-24
00:45:34 UTC
10°07′16″N85°18′50″W / 10.121001°N 85.314004°W / 10.121001; -85.314004
13 km east-northeast of Hojancha
6.6VII20.1 kmMost violent aftershock of the 2012 Costa Rica earthquake. [2]
2012 Costa Rica earthquake 2012-09-05
14:42:10 UTC
10°07′12″N85°20′49″W / 10.119900°N 85.347000°W / 10.119900; -85.347000
11 km east of Nicoya
7.6VIII40.8 km [3] 2
2009 Costa Rica earthquake 2009-01-08
19:21:34 UTC
10°11′49″N84°09′32″W / 10.197°N 84.159°W / 10.197; -84.159
30 km north of San José
6.1VII4.5 km [4] 40
2004 Costa Rica earthquake 2004-11-20
08:07:21 UTC
9°34′52″N84°13′41″W / 9.581°N 84.228°W / 9.581; -84.228
6.416 km [5] 8
1999 Costa Rica earthquake 1999-08-20
10:02:21 UTC
9°02′N84°09′W / 9.04°N 84.15°W / 9.04; -84.15
6.920 km [6]
1996 Costa Rica earthquake 1996-09-04
5.8 [7]
1991 Limon earthquake 1991-04-22
21:56:51 UTC
9°41′06″N83°04′23″W / 9.685°N 83.073°W / 9.685; -83.073
Limon-Pandora area
7.6IX10 kmAccording to the USGS: "Forty-seven people killed, 109 injured, 7,439 homeless and severe damage (IX) in the Limon-Pandora area. Intensity X was observed in some zones of liquefaction within the epicentral area. 27 people killed, 454 injured, 2,400 homeless and 866 buildings destroyed (VII-VIII) in the Guabito-Almirante-Bocas del Toro area, Panama." [8] 125
1990 Costa Rica earthquake (aftershock)1990-04-28
5.9 [7]
1990 Costa Rica earthquake 1990-03-25
13:22:55 UTC
9°55′08″N84°48′29″W / 9.919°N 84.808°W / 9.919; -84.808
Entrance to the Gulf of Nicoya
7.0VIII22 kmAccording to USGS: Heavy damage (MM VIII) in the area of Puntarenas, some 60 buildings damaged (MM VII) in the San José area. [9] 1
1983 Costa Rica earthquake1983-04-02Golfito7.2VIII26 kmSubduction of the Cocos Plate under the Caribbean Plate. Over 51 aftershocks reported with ML > 3,6.1
1974 Costa Rica earthquake 1974-02-28
5.8 [7]
1966 Costa Rica earthquake 1966-04-09
5.7 [7]
1910 Costa Rica earthquake 1910-05-04
Cartago 6.4 [10] 700

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2003 Puerto Armuelles earthquake

The 2003 Puerto Armuelles earthquake occurred on December 25 at 02:11 local time. The epicenter was located in Panama, at about 7 km east of Puerto Armuelles, near the Panama-Costa Rica border. The earthquake had a magnitude of Mw 6.5. Two people were reported dead in Puerto Armuelles. There was building damage in Panama and Costa Rica. Power outage lasted for about four hours in Puerto Armuelles. The maximal intensity was MM VIII in Finca Naranjo, Costa Rica. The intensity was MM VII in Armuelles, Panama, and MM IV in Limón and the Central Valley, Costa Rica, including San José. This earthquake could also be felt in Panama City.

1991 Limon earthquake

The 1991 Costa Rica earthquake, also known as Limon earthquake or Bocas del Toro earthquake, occurred at 3:57 pm local time on April 22. The epicenter of the 7.7 Mw earthquake was in Pandora, Valle La Estrella, in the Caribbean region of Limon, Costa Rica, 225 kilometres (140 mi) southeast of San José. The earthquake was the strongest recorded in Costa Rica's history, and was felt throughout the country as well as in western Panama.

2012 Costa Rica earthquake

The 2012 Costa Rica earthquake occurred at 08:42 local time on September 5. The epicenter of the 7.6 Mw earthquake was in the Nicoya Peninsula, 11 kilometers east-southeast of Nicoya. A tsunami warning was issued shortly afterwards, but later cancelled. Two people are known to have died, one from a heart attack and another, a construction worker, crushed by a collapsing wall. It was the second strongest earthquake recorded in Costa Rica's history, following the 1991 Limon earthquake.

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  1. "Sismo en Costa Rica deja tres muertos por infarto". El Universal (in Spanish). 13 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  2. Réplica de terremoto de Nicoya causó gran alarma en el país La Nación, 24 October 2012. (in Spanish)
  3. M7.6 – 10km NE of Hojancha, Costa Rica
  4. Magnitude 6.1 – COSTA RICA 8 January 2009 19:21:34 UTC Archived 2 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  5. Magnitude 6.4 – COSTA RICA, 20 November 2004 08:07:21 UTC Archived 18 December 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Significant Earthquakes of the World, 1991 Archived 25 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  7. 1 2 3 4 Se Espera un Nuevo Temblor en 10 Días Archived 17 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine Diario Extra, 13 October 2012. (in Spanish)
  8. Significant Earthquakes of the World, 1991
  9. Significant Earthquakes of the World, 1990
  10. Historic World Earthquakes: Costa Rica Archived 28 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine