List of earthquakes in Costa Rica

Last updated

Notable earthquakes in the history of Costa Rica include the following:

Costa Rica Country in Central America

Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica, is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around 5 million in a land area of 51,060 square kilometers. An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José with around 2 million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.

Name Date Epicentre Mag. MM Depth Notes Deaths
2017 Costa Rica earthquake 2017-11-13
02:28:24 UTC
16 km south east of Jaco 6.5VIII19.8 kmAll casualties caused by heart attacks. [1] 3
2012 Costa Rica earthquake (aftershock)2012-10-24
00:45:34 UTC
10°07′16″N85°18′50″W / 10.121001°N 85.314004°W / 10.121001; -85.314004
13 km east-northeast of Hojancha
6.6VII 20.1 km Most violent aftershock of the 2012 Costa Rica earthquake. [2]
2012 Costa Rica earthquake 2012-09-05
14:42:10 UTC
10°07′12″N85°20′49″W / 10.119900°N 85.347000°W / 10.119900; -85.347000
11 km east of Nicoya
7.6VIII 40.8 km [3] 2
2009 Costa Rica earthquake 2009-01-08
19:21:34 UTC
10°11′49″N84°09′32″W / 10.197°N 84.159°W / 10.197; -84.159
30 km north of San José
6.1VII 4.5 km [4] 40
2004 Costa Rica earthquake 2004-11-20
08:07:21 UTC
9°34′52″N84°13′41″W / 9.581°N 84.228°W / 9.581; -84.228
offshore
6.4 16 km [5] 8
1999 Costa Rica earthquake 1999-08-20
10:02:21 UTC
9°02′N84°09′W / 9.04°N 84.15°W / 9.04; -84.15
offshore
6.9 20 km [6] -
1996 Costa Rica earthquake 1996-09-04
5.8 [7]
1991 Limon earthquake 1991-04-22
21:56:51 UTC
9°41′06″N83°04′23″W / 9.685°N 83.073°W / 9.685; -83.073
Limon-Pandora area
7.6 IX 10 km According to USGS: "Forty-seven people killed, 109 injured, 7,439 homeless and severe damage (IX) in the Limon-Pandora area. Intensity X was observed in some zones of liquefaction within the epicentral area. 27 people killed, 454 injured, 2,400 homeless and 866 buildings destroyed (VII-VIII) in the Guabito-Almirante-Bocas del Toro area, Panama." [8] 125
1990 Costa Rica earthquake (aftershock)1990-04-28
5.9 [7]
1990 Costa Rica earthquake 1990-03-25
13:22:55 UTC
9°55′08″N84°48′29″W / 9.919°N 84.808°W / 9.919; -84.808
Entrance to the Gulf of Nicoya
7.0 VIII 22 km According to USGS: Heavy damage (MM VIII) in the area of Puntarenas, some 60 buildings damaged (MM VII) in the San José area. [9] 1
1983 Costa Rica earthquake1983-04-02Golfito7.2VIII26 kmSubduction of the Cocos Plate under the Caribbean Plate. Over 51 aftershocks reported with ML > 3,6.1
1974 Costa Rica earthquake 1974-02-28
5.8 [7]
1966 Costa Rica earthquake 1966-04-09
5.7 [7]
1910 Costa Rica earthquake 1910-05-04
Cartago 6.4 [10] 700

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2010 Chile earthquake

The 2010 Chile earthquake occurred off the coast of central Chile on Saturday, 27 February at 03:34 local time, having a magnitude of 8.8 on the moment magnitude scale, with intense shaking lasting for about three minutes. It was felt strongly in six Chilean regions, that together make up about 80 percent of the country's population. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS) the cities experiencing the strongest shaking—VIII (Severe) on the Mercalli intensity scale (MM)—were Concepción, Arauco and Coronel. According to Chile's Seismological Service Concepción experienced the strongest shaking at MM IX (Violent). The earthquake was felt in the capital Santiago at MM VII or MM VIII. Tremors were felt in many Argentine cities, including Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Mendoza and La Rioja. Tremors were felt as far north as the city of Ica in southern Peru.

1982 El Salvador earthquake

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2011 Lorca earthquake Teresa Washington a big earthquake in Lorca (Murcia)

The 2011 Lorca earthquake was a moderate 5.1 Mw earthquake that occurred 6:47 p.m. CEST on 11 May 2011, near the town of Lorca, causing significant localized damage in the Region of Murcia, Spain, and panic among locals, and displacing many from their homes. The quake was preceded by a magnitude 4.4 (Mw) foreshock at 17:05, that inflicted substantial damage to many older structures in the area, including the historical Espolón Tower of Lorca Castle, the Hermitage of San Clemente and the Convent of Virgen de Las Huertas. Three people were killed by a falling cornice. A total of nine deaths have been confirmed, while dozens are reported injured. The earthquake was the worst to hit the region since a 5.0 Mw tremor struck west of Albolote, Granada in 1956.

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2003 Puerto Armuelles earthquake

The 2003 Puerto Armuelles earthquake occurred on December 25 at 02:11 local time. The epicenter was located in Panama, at about 7 km east of Puerto Armuelles, near the Panama-Costa Rica border. The earthquake had a magnitude of Mw 6.5. Two people were reported dead in Puerto Armuelles. There was building damage in Panama and Costa Rica. Power outage lasted for about four hours in Puerto Armuelles. The maximal intensity was MM VIII in Finca Naranjo, Costa Rica. The intensity was MM VII in Armuelles, Panama, and MM IV in Limón and the Central Valley, Costa Rica, including San José. This earthquake could also be felt in Panama City.

1991 Limon earthquake

The 1991 Costa Rica earthquake, also known as Limon earthquake or Bocas del Toro earthquake, occurred at 3:57 pm local time on April 22. The epicenter of the 7.7 Mw earthquake was in Pandora, Valle La Estrella, in the Caribbean region of Limon, Costa Rica, 225 kilometres (140 mi) southeast of San José. The earthquake was the strongest recorded in Costa Rica's history, and was felt throughout the country as well as in western Panama.

2012 Costa Rica earthquake

The 2012 Costa Rica earthquake occurred at 08:42 local time on September 5. The epicenter of the 7.6 Mw earthquake was in the Nicoya Peninsula, 11 kilometers east-southeast of Nicoya. A tsunami warning was issued shortly afterwards, but later cancelled. Two people are known to have died, one from a heart attack and another, a construction worker, crushed by a collapsing wall. It was the second strongest earthquake recorded in Costa Rica's history, following the 1991 Limon earthquake.

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