List of earthquakes in Canada

Last updated

This is a list of earthquakes in Canada.



DatePlace Lat Lon DeathsInjuries Mag. MMI Comments
2018-10-22 Vancouver Island, British Columbia 49.335-129.289006.8IV [1]
2017-05-01 Stikine Region, British Columbia 59.83-136.70006.3VIIIMinor damage / Doublet earthquake [2]
2017-05-01 Stikine Region, British Columbia 59.82-136.71006.2VII [3]
2017-01-08 Nunavut 74.39-92.42006.0VII [4]
2015-04-24South of Haida Gwaii 51.62-130.77006.2V [5]
2014-07-17 Yukon 60.35-140.33006.0VI [6]
2014-04-24West of Vancouver Island 49.64-127.73006.5VI [7]
2013-09-04182 km SW of Bella Bella, British Columbia 51.18-130.23006.0IV [8]
2013-01-05 Near Craig, Alaska 55.23-134.86007.5VIFirst supershear earthquake observed in an oceanic plate boundary
2015-04-24South of Haida Gwaii 51.62-130.77006.2V
2012-11-08West of Vancouver Island49.23-128.48006.1IV [9]
2012-10-30 Haida Gwaii 52.37-131.90006.2Aftershock of 7.8 earthquake [10]
2012-10-28Haida Gwaii52.67-132.60006.3VAftershock of 7.8 earthquake [11]
2012-10-27 Haida Gwaii52.77-131.931 [12] 7.8VNon-destructive tsunami [13]
2011-09-09 Vancouver Island 49.49-126.976.4 Mw 20–30 second strike-slip intraplate shock [14]
2010-06-23 Central Canada45.9-75.55.0 Mw VI
2009-11-17Queen Charlotte Islands, BC51.82-131.786.5 Mw [15]
2009-07-07 Baffin Bay 75.35-72.45006.1 [16]
2008-01-05Queen Charlotte Islands, BC51.07-131.066.5 Mw Doublet (6.4 Mw shock 40 minutes later) [15]
2007-10-09 The Nazko region52.88-124.8≤4.0I Swarm ended June 2008
2004-11-02Vancouver Island, BC49.28-128.776.7 Mw [15]
2004-07-19 Vancouver Island 49.62-126.97006.4VI [17]
2001-04-14 Alberta 56.08119.81005.3VIISlight damage [18]
2001-02-28 Puget Sound 47.19-122.660–14006.8 Mw VIIIOne possible related heart attack in Washington.
2000-01-01 Timiskaming46.84-78.925.2 mN VI
1997-11-05Quebec City, QC
46.75-71.3515.2 mN
1989-12-25 Ungava Region60.12-73.66.0 Mw IVFirst shock in eastern North America with surface faulting
1988-11-25 Saguenay48.12-71.185.9 Mw VII
1985-12-23 The Nahanni region, Northwest Territories 62.22-124.246.9 Mw The strongest of a sequence of major earthquakes
1982-01-09 Miramichi, NB47.00-66.605.7Doublet (two days apart) [19]
1979-02-28Southern Yukon–Alaska Border60.59-141.477.2 Mw [19]
1970-06-24Queen Charlotte Islands, BC51.77-130.767.4 Mw [19]
1958-07-09 Lituya Bay, Alaska58.6-137.1057.8 Mw XIRockfall caused a megatsunami (524 m (1,719 ft) runup)
1949-08-22 Queen Charlotte Islands, BC53.62-133.278.1 Mw VIIINon-destructive tsunami
1946-06-23 Vancouver Island, BC49.75-124.527.5 Mw VIII
1944-09-05 Cornwall, ON/Massena, NY44.96-74.835.8 Mw VII
1935-11-01 Timiskaming46.78-79.076.1 Mw VII
1933-11-20 Baffin Bay 73.12-70.017.4 Mw Largest known earthquake north of the Arctic Circle
1929-11-18 Grand Banks of Newfoundland 44.54-56.0127–287.2 Mw VIIIUnderwater slump caused destructive tsunami
1929-05-26 Queen Charlotte Islands, BC51.51-130.747.0 Mw [19]
1925-03-01 Charlevoix–Kamouraska, QC47.8-69.86.2 Mw VIII
1918-12-06 Vancouver Island, BC49.44-126.227.2 Mw VII
1899-09-04 Yukon–Alaska border60.00-140.008.2 Ms [19]
1872-12-15 Washington State47.9-120.36.5–7.0 Mw VIII
1870-10-20 Charlevoix, QC47.4-70.566.5 [20]
1860-10-17Charlevoix, QC47.5-70.16.0 [19]
1791-12-06Charlevoix47.4-70.56.0 [19]
1732-09-16 Montreal, QC45.5-73.65.8 Mw VIII–IX
1700-01-26 Pacific Northwest 45.0-125.08.7–9.2 Mw Linked to the destructive "orphan tsunami" in Japan
1663-02-05 CharlevoixKamouraska, QC 47.6-70.17.3–7.9 Mw X

Abbreviations used:

See also

Related Research Articles

Lists of earthquakes Lists of earthquakes

Earthquakes are caused by movements within the Earth's crust and uppermost mantle. They range from events too weak to be detectable except by sensitive instrumentation, to sudden and violent events lasting many minutes which have caused some of the greatest disasters in human history. Below, earthquakes are listed by period, region or country, year, magnitude, cost, fatalities and number of scientific studies.

Haida Gwaii An archipelago in British Columbia, Canada

Haida Gwaii is an archipelago located between 55–125 km (34–78 mi) off the northern Pacific coast of Canada. The islands are separated from the mainland to the east by the shallow Hecate Strait. Queen Charlotte Sound lies to the south, with Vancouver Island beyond. To the north, the disputed Dixon Entrance separates Haida Gwaii from the Alexander Archipelago in the U.S. state of Alaska.

British Columbia Coast Coastal region of British Columbia, Canada

The British Columbia Coast, popularly referred to as the BC Coast or simply the Coast, is a geographic region of the Canadian province of British Columbia. As the entire western continental coastline of Canada along the Pacific Ocean is in B.C., it is synonymous with being the West Coast of Canada.

Moresby Island

Moresby Island is a large island that forms part of the Haida Gwaii archipelago in British Columbia, Canada, located at 52°45′00″N131°50′00″W.

Queen Charlotte Fault

The Queen Charlotte Fault is an active transform fault that marks the boundary of the North American plate and the Pacific plate. It is Canada's right-lateral strike-slip equivalent to the San Andreas Fault to the south in California. The Queen Charlotte Fault forms a triple junction south with the Cascadia subduction zone and the Explorer Ridge. The Queen Charlotte Fault (QCF) forms a transpressional plate boundary, and is as active as other major transform fault systems in terms of slip rates and seismogenic potential. It sustains the highest known deformation rates among continental or continent-ocean transform systems globally, accommodating greater than 50mm/yr dextral offset. The entire approximately 900 km offshore length has ruptured in seven greater than magnitude 7 events during the last century, making the cumulative historical seismic moment release higher than any other modern transform plate boundary system.

The 1949 Queen Charlotte Islands earthquake struck Haida Gwaii and the Pacific Northwest coast at 8:01 p.m. PDT on August 21. The shock had a surface wave magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli Intensity of VIII (Severe).

United States Geological Survey Scientific agency of the United States government

The United States Geological Survey, abbreviated USGS and formerly simply known as the Geological Survey, is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it. The organization's work spans the disciplines of biology, geography, geology, and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility.

The 2012 Haida Gwaii earthquake occurred just after 8:04 p.m. PDT on October 27. The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.8 and a maximum Mercalli Intensity of V (Moderate). The earthquake's epicentre was on Moresby Island of the Haida Gwaii archipelago. This was the second largest Canadian earthquake ever recorded by a seismometer, after the 1949 Queen Charlotte Islands earthquake, about 135 kilometres (84 mi) away. One person died due to a car crash related to the tsunami in Oahu, Hawaii.

2013 Craig, Alaska earthquake Earthquake in Alaska and British Columbia

The 2013 Craig, Alaska earthquake struck on January 5th, at 12:58 am (UTC–7) near the city of Craig and Hydaburg, on Prince of Wales Island. The Mw 7.5 earthquake came nearly three months after an Mw  7.8 quake struck Haida Gwaii on October 28, in 2012. The quake prompted a regional tsunami warning to British Columbia and Alaska, but it was later cancelled. Due to the remote location of the quake, there were no reports of casualties or damages.

2021 Chignik earthquake 7th largest earthquake in the US

An earthquake occurred off the coast of the Alaska Peninsula on July 28, 2021, at 10:15 p.m. local time. The large megathrust earthquake had a moment magnitude of 8.2 according to the United States Geological Survey (USGS). A tsunami warning was issued by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) but later cancelled. The mainshock was followed by a number of aftershocks, including three that were of magnitude 5.9, 6.1 and 6.9 respectively.


  1. "M 6.8 - 210km SW of Port McNeill, Canada". Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  2. "M 6.3 - 88km WNW of Skagway, Alaska". Retrieved 2017-12-25.
  3. "M 6.2 - 88km WNW of Skagway, Alaska". Retrieved 2017-12-25.
  4. "M 6.0 - 79km ESE of Resolute, Canada". Retrieved 2017-12-25.
  5. "M 6.2 - 192km WSW of Bella Bella, Canada". Retrieved 2017-12-25.
  6. "M 6.0 - 90km NNW of Yakutat, Alaska". Retrieved 2017-12-25.
  7. "M 6.5 - 120km S of Port Hardy, Canada". Retrieved 2017-12-25.
  8. "M 6.0 - 182km SW of Bella Bella, Canada". Retrieved 2017-12-25.
  9. "M 6.1 - Vancouver Island, Canada region". Retrieved 2018-01-02.
  10. "M 6.2 - Haida Gwaii, Canada". Retrieved 2018-01-02.
  11. "M 6.3 - Haida Gwaii, Canada". Retrieved 2018-01-02.
  12. "Tsunami Event: HAIDA GWAII, CANADA". NGDC.
  13. "M 7.8 - Haida Gwaii, Canada". Retrieved 2018-01-02.
  14. Mann, Ted (10 September 2011). "Vancouver Looks to New Zealand to Prepare for Quakes". The Atlantic Wire. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  15. 1 2 3 Natural Resources Canada. "Search results for earthquakes M>3.4, 1990-2011". Search the Earthquake Database. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  16. "M 6.1 - Baffin Bay". Retrieved 2017-12-25.
  17. "M 6.4 - Vancouver Island, Canada region". Retrieved 2017-12-25.
  18. "M 5.3 - 44 km NE of Dawson Creek, Canada". Retrieved 2022-05-08.
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Natural Resources Canada. "Important Canadian Earthquakes". Earthquakes Canada. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  20. "M 6.6 - Near Baie-Saint-Paul, Quebec, Canada". USGS. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  21. Natural Resources Canada (12 August 2011). "Frequently Asked Questions about Earthquakes (FAQ)" . Retrieved 3 December 2011.
  22. Canada, Steven Halchuk, Earthquakes Canada, Geological Survey of Canada, Natural Resources. "Recent Earthquakes in/near Canada". Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  23. Canada, Government of Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Earthquakes. "Earthquakes Canada". Retrieved 24 October 2018.