List of earthquakes in El Salvador

Last updated

Notable earthquakes in the history of El Salvador include the following:

El Salvador country in Central America

El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador, is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2016, the country had a population of approximately 6.34 million.

NameDateEpicentreMMMDepthNotesDeaths
1576 El Salvador earthquake 1576-05-23Central El SalvadorEpicentre located between San Marcos, Santo Tomás and San Salvador. Heavy damage in San Salvador. [1]
1593 El Salvador earthquake 1593 San Salvador Heavy damage in San Salvador. [1]
1625 El Salvador earthquake 1625 San Salvador Heavy damage in San Salvador. [1]
1650 El Salvador earthquake 1650 San Salvador Damage reported in San Salvador. [1]
1678 El Salvador earthquake 1678MorazánSlight damage reported in what is now El Rosario
1707 El Salvador earthquake 1707 San Salvador Complete destruction of San Salvador. [1]
1719 El Salvador earthquake 1719-05-05 13°18′N89°07′W / 13.30°N 89.12°W / 13.30; -89.12 San Salvador, San Vicente Destruction in San Salvador, San Vicente and surrounding areas. [1]
1776 El Salvador earthquake 1776-05-30 El Salvador 7.9 MiMagnitude estimated at 7.9 Mi ±0.2. Destruction from central El Salvador to south-eastern Guatemala. [2]
1859 El Salvador earthquake 1859-12-08Western El Salvador7.6 MiMagnitude estimated at 7.6 Mi ±0.3. Also caused a Tsunami. Destruction reported in western El Salvador and eastern Guatemala. [2]
1862 El Salvador earthquake 1862-12-19Western El Salvador8.0 MiMagnitude estimated at 8.0 Mi ±0.2. 2 minutes shaking duration. Severe destruction in western El Salvador, heavy damage (MM VII) from central El Salvador to central Guatemala. Destroyed Also caused a Tsunami. [2]
1951 El Salvador earthquake 1951-05-06
23:08
13°31′N88°24′W / 13.52°N 88.40°W / 13.52; -88.40 Jucuapa, Chinameca [1] [3] 6.210400
1965 El Salvador earthquake 1965-05-03
10:01 UTC
La Libertad 6.3VII15According to USGS: "125 people dead, about 500 injured and an estimated 48,000 homeless. Many of the victims were from the town of Ilopango which was almost completely destroyed. Several buildings were wrecked in San Marcos, San Salvador and Santo Tomas." [4] 125
1982 El Salvador earthquake 1982-06-19
13°19′N89°20′W / 13.31°N 89.34°W / 13.31; -89.34 offshore7.282 km8
1986 San Salvador earthquake 1986-10-10
13°49′37″N89°07′05″W / 13.827°N 89.118°W / 13.827; -89.118 San Salvador 5.7VIII–IX7 kmIntensity VIII–IX in San Salvador, 1,000–1,500 people killed, 10,000 injured, 60,000 houses destroyed or severely damaged, 200,000 homeless. San Salvador area severely affected. [1] 1000–1500
2001 El Salvador earthquake 2001-01-13
13°02′N88°40′W / 13.04°N 88.66°W / 13.04; -88.66 offshore7.7VII60 kmAccording to USGS:"At least 844 people killed, 4,723 injured, 108,226 houses destroyed and more than 150,000 buildings damaged in El Salvador. About 585 of the deaths were caused by large landslides in Nueva San Salvador and Comasagua. Utilities and roads damaged by more than 16,000 landslides. Damage and injuries occurred in every department of El Salvador. Eight people killed in Guatemala. Felt from Mexico City to Colombia." [3] 944
2001 El Salvador earthquake 2001-02-13
13°40′N88°56′W / 13.67°N 88.93°W / 13.67; -88.93 Cojutepeque 6.6VI10 kmIntensity VI in San Salvador.315

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Servicio Geológico Nacional. "Estadística de Registros. Cronología de sismos destructivos en El Salvador". Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (SNET). Retrieved 2010-03-14.
  2. 1 2 3 White e.a., 2004: 394
  3. 1 2 Historic World Earthquakes: El Salvador Archived 2010-07-28 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Historic Earthquakes: La Libertad, El Salvador

Other sources

Inés Lucia Cifuentes was an English-born American seismologist and educator. From 1994 to 2005, she was director of the Carnegie Academy for Science Education.

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