Notable earthquakes in the history of El Salvador include the following:
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador, is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2016, the country had a population of approximately 6.34 million.
|1576 El Salvador earthquake||1576-05-23||Central El Salvador||Epicentre located between San Marcos, Santo Tomás and San Salvador. Heavy damage in San Salvador.|
|1593 El Salvador earthquake||1593||San Salvador||Heavy damage in San Salvador.|
|1625 El Salvador earthquake||1625||San Salvador||Heavy damage in San Salvador.|
|1650 El Salvador earthquake||1650||San Salvador||Damage reported in San Salvador.|
|1678 El Salvador earthquake||1678||Morazán||Slight damage reported in what is now El Rosario|
|1707 El Salvador earthquake||1707||San Salvador||Complete destruction of San Salvador.|
|1719 El Salvador earthquake||1719-05-05||San Salvador, San Vicente||Destruction in San Salvador, San Vicente and surrounding areas.|
|1776 El Salvador earthquake||1776-05-30||El Salvador||7.9 Mi||Magnitude estimated at 7.9 Mi ±0.2. Destruction from central El Salvador to south-eastern Guatemala.|
|1859 El Salvador earthquake||1859-12-08||Western El Salvador||7.6 Mi||Magnitude estimated at 7.6 Mi ±0.3. Also caused a Tsunami. Destruction reported in western El Salvador and eastern Guatemala.|
|1862 El Salvador earthquake||1862-12-19||Western El Salvador||8.0 Mi||Magnitude estimated at 8.0 Mi ±0.2. 2 minutes shaking duration. Severe destruction in western El Salvador, heavy damage (MM VII) from central El Salvador to central Guatemala. Destroyed Also caused a Tsunami.|
|1951 El Salvador earthquake||1951-05-06|
|1965 El Salvador earthquake||1965-05-03|
|La Libertad||6.3||VII||15||According to USGS: "125 people dead, about 500 injured and an estimated 48,000 homeless. Many of the victims were from the town of Ilopango which was almost completely destroyed. Several buildings were wrecked in San Marcos, San Salvador and Santo Tomas."||125|
|1982 El Salvador earthquake||offshore||7.2||82 km||8|
|1986 San Salvador earthquake||San Salvador||5.7||VIII–IX||7 km||Intensity VIII–IX in San Salvador, 1,000–1,500 people killed, 10,000 injured, 60,000 houses destroyed or severely damaged, 200,000 homeless. San Salvador area severely affected.||1000–1500|
|2001 El Salvador earthquake||offshore||7.7||VII||60 km||According to USGS:"At least 844 people killed, 4,723 injured, 108,226 houses destroyed and more than 150,000 buildings damaged in El Salvador. About 585 of the deaths were caused by large landslides in Nueva San Salvador and Comasagua. Utilities and roads damaged by more than 16,000 landslides. Damage and injuries occurred in every department of El Salvador. Eight people killed in Guatemala. Felt from Mexico City to Colombia."||944|
|2001 El Salvador earthquake||Cojutepeque||6.6||VI||10 km||Intensity VI in San Salvador.||315|
Ciudad de Mendoza is the capital of the province of Mendoza in Argentina. It is located in the northern-central part of the province, in a region of foothills and high plains, on the eastern side of the Andes. As of the 2010 census [INDEC], Mendoza had a population of 115,041 with a metropolitan population of 1,055,679, making Greater Mendoza the fourth largest census metropolitan area in the country.
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The 1985 Algarrobo earthquake occurred on 3 March at 22:47 UTC. Its epicenter was located on the south coasts of Valparaíso Region, Chile, close to the beach of Algarrobo. It had a magnitude of 8.0 Mw.
The 1751 Concepción earthquake was one of the strongest and most destructive recorded quakes in Chilean history. It struck the Central Valley of the country, destroying the cities of Concepción, Chillán, Cauquenes, Curicó and Talca, probably on May 24, 1751, although there is currently a debate among scholars as to the exact date of the earthquake.
The Lempa River is a 422-kilometre (262 mi) long river in Central America.
Water resources management in El Salvador is characterized by difficulties in addressing severe water pollution throughout much of the country's surface waters due to untreated discharges of agricultural, domestic and industrial run off. The river that drains the capital city of San Salvador is considered to be polluted beyond the capability of most treatment procedures.
The 1985 Rapel Lake earthquake occurred on 8 April at 21:56:59 local time with a moment magnitude of 7.5 and a maximum perceived intensity of VII. The shock was centered 75 kilometres (47 mi) southwest of Santiago, Chile, with a focal depth of 37.8 km (23 mi).
The 1982 El Salvador earthquake occurred southeast of San Salvador on 19 June at 00:21 local time. This undersea earthquake struck offshore in the Pacific Ocean and had a surface wave magnitude of 7.2 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VII. Occurring adjacent to a subduction zone at the Middle America Trench, this normal-slip shock left at least 16 and as many as 43 people dead, and many injured, and also inflicted $5 million in damage.
The 1906 Valparaíso earthquake hit Valparaíso, Chile, on August 16 at 19:55 local time. Its epicenter was offshore from the Valparaíso Region, and its intensity was estimated at magnitude 8.2 Mw.
The 1960 Concepción earthquakes were a succession of three destructive earthquakes that happened between 21 and 22 May 1960. They formed part of the foreshock sequence for the 1960 Valdivia earthquake, the largest recorded earthquake in history.
The 1928 Talca earthquake occurred on 1 December at 00:06 local time near Curepto, Maule Region, Chile, with an estimated magnitude of 7.6 MW, 8.3 MS and 7.9 ML. In Talca, it lasted 1 minute 45 seconds.
The 1928 Chachapoyas earthquake occurred on May 14 at 17:14 local time. It had a magnitude of Mw 7.2, Ms 7.3, or ML 7.3. Chachapoyas, Peru was almost completely destroyed. A landslide in Pinpincos caused the death of 25 people. Many houses were damaged in Machala, Ecuador. The maximum intensity was X (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The earthquake could be felt in Lima. It could also be felt in Ecuador, Brazil, and Colombia.
The 2012 Guerrero–Oaxaca earthquake struck southern Mexico with a moment magnitude of 7.4 at 12:02 local time on Tuesday, 20 March. Its epicenter was near Ometepec, in the border between the states of Guerrero and Oaxaca. With a shallow focus of 15 to 20 km, the earthquake caused strong shaking over a large area along the Oaxaca–Guerrero border and the adjacent Pacific coastline. Significant tremors were felt in areas up to several hundred kilometers away, including Mexico City and also in Guatemala. Two people were killed and over 30,000 houses were damaged or destroyed.
The 2012 Guatemala earthquake occurred on November 7 at 10:35:45 local time. The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.4 and a maximum Mercalli Intensity of VII. The epicenter was located in the Pacific Ocean, 35 kilometres (22 mi) south of Champerico in the department of Retalhuleu. The region is one of many earthquakes, where the Cocos Plate is being subducted along the Middle America Trench beneath the North American and the Caribbean Plates, near their triple junction.
The 1625 El Salvador earthquake struck El Salvador in 1625. Described as a "violent earthquake that caused serious damage", it affected the city of San Salvador, and left it in ruins. Surrounding pueblos were also affected.
Ana Santos Aramburo is the director of the National Library of Spain, effective February 2013.
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The Geological Society of America (GSA) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the advancement of the geosciences.
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.