This is a list of rivers in Costa Rica .
This list is arranged by drainage basin, with respective tributaries indented under each larger stream's name.
A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water. The drainage basin includes all the surface water from rain runoff, snowmelt, and nearby streams that run downslope towards the shared outlet, as well as the groundwater underneath the earth's surface. Drainage basins connect into other drainage basins at lower elevations in a hierarchical pattern, with smaller sub-drainage basins, which in turn drain into another common outlet.
Frío River is a river of Costa Rica, Alajuela province. The last few kilometers it passes through Nicaragua.
Sabogal River is a river of Costa Rica.
Celeste River is a river in Tenorio Volcano National Park of Costa Rica. It is notable for its distinctive turquoise coloration. The Celeste River also borders several hot springs and has one large waterfall. It takes about an hour to hike to the waterfall from the park's entrance.
The Sarapiquí River, or Rio Sarapiquí, in Costa Rica is a tributary of the San Juan River and forms the eastern border of Sarapiquí Canton. The area around the river is mostly lowlands tropical rainforest, having lush vegetation with a large variety of plant, animal and insect life. This river is navigable and is a local trading artery, and also supports fishing and tourism activity.
Toro River is a river of Costa Rica.
The Sucio River is a river of Costa Rica. The river gets its name from the sulfur deposits found on the Irazú Volcano. It is a tributary of the Río San Juan.
Jiménez River is a river of Costa Rica.
Atirro River is a river of Costa Rica.
Pejibaye River is a river of Costa Rica.
Yorkin River is a river of Costa Rica and Panama.
Uren River is a river of Costa Rica.
Lari River is a river of Costa Rica.
The San Juan River, also known as El Desaguadero, is a 192-kilometre (119 mi) river that flows east out of Lake Nicaragua into the Caribbean Sea. A large section of the border between Nicaragua and Costa Rica runs on the southern bank of the river. It was part, with the lake, of a proposed route for a Nicaragua Canal in the 19th century. The idea of the project has been revived in the last decade, including the possibility of other routes within the country. The Ecocanal project has obtained a Concession from the National Assembly of Nicaragua to re-open the San Juan River to commercial barge traffic.
The Colorado River, or the Rio Colorado, in Costa Rica is a distributary of the San Juan River which flows 96 kilometres (60 mi) towards the Caribbean in the northern parts of Heredia and Limón Provinces. The surrounding habitats are protected as part of the second largest rain forest preserve in the country, the Barra del Colorado Wildlife Refuge.
Chirripó River is a river of Costa Rica.
Costa Rica is located on the Central American Isthmus, surrounding the point 10° north of the equator and 84° west of the prime meridian. It borders both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, with a total of 1,290 km of coastline.
Mount Chirripó is the highest mountain in Costa Rica with an elevation of 3,821 meters. It is located in Chirripó National Park and is noted for its ecological wealth. The mountain was named "Chirripo," meaning "land of eternal waters", by Native Americans because there are many lakes and streams around the mountain. The high peaks in Chirripó National Park and La Amistad International Park host important areas of Talamancan montane forest and Costa Rican Páramo with high endemism and an extremely high biodiversity. The peaks of these mountains constitute sky islands for many species of plants and animals. Snow has not fallen on the peak in the past 100 years or so, according to the University of Costa Rica, but hail is sometimes reported.
The Filibuster War was a military conflict between filibustering multinational troops stationed in Nicaragua and a coalition of Central American armies.
The Naso or Teribe people are an indigenous people of Panama and Costa Rica. They primarily live in northwest Panama in the Bocas del Toro Province. There are roughly 3,500 people who belong to the Naso tribe. It is one of the few Native American indigenous groups or tribes that continues to have a monarchy.
Territorial disputes of Nicaragua include the territorial dispute with Colombia over the Archipelago de San Andres y Providencia and Quita Sueno Bank. Nicaragua also has a maritime boundary dispute with Honduras in the Caribbean Sea and a boundary dispute over the Rio San Juan with Costa Rica.
The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Republic of Costa Rica.
The Cañas-Jerez Treaty between Costa Rica and Nicaragua was enacted April 15, 1858 as a solution to the growing border tension between the two countries. The treaty was negotiated between Máximo Jerez representing Nicaragua and José María Cañas representing Costa Rica. It established a border between the two countries that skirts the southern edge of Lake Nicaragua, then moves east along the San Juan River for the last third of the division, following it north from where it forks from the Rio Colorado. The treaty puts the border on the right bank of the river, giving the river to Nicaragua, but provides commercial navigation rights to Costa Rica.
Térraba River, in the southern Brunca region of Costa Rica, is the largest river in that country.
Costa Rica is divided into three major drainage basins encompassing 34 watersheds with numerous rivers and tributaries, one major lake used for hydroelectric generation, and two major aquifers that serve to store 90% of the municipal, industrial, and agricultural water supply needs of Costa Rica. Agriculture is the largest water user demanding around 53% of total supplies while the sector contributes 6.5% to the Costa Rica GDP. About a fifth of land under cultivation is being irrigated by surface water. Hydroelectric power generation makes up a significant portion of electricity usage in Costa Rica and much of this comes from the Arenal dam.
Isla Calero is the largest island in Costa Rica, as well as along the San Juan River, which marks the border between Nicaragua and Costa Rica. The island lies between the San Juan, the Río Colorado of Costa Rica, and the Caribbean Sea. The entire island has an area of 151.6 km2 (58.5 sq mi).
The Nicaragua–Costa Rica San Juan River border dispute is a series of periodical conflicts between the two Central American nations over the correct delimitation of their common border at its east-end, and the interpretation of the navigation rights on the San Juan River established in the Cañas-Jerez Treaty of 1858.
The El Diquís Hydroelectric Project was an ICE hydroelectric dam project, proposed to be located between Buenos Aires, Osa, and Pérez Zeledón in Puntarenas Province in southwestern Costa Rica. Planned as the largest hydroelectric dam in Central America, the El Diquís Hydroelectric Project would have generated electricity for more than one million consumers, dwarfing both the Reventazón dam that opened in 2016 and the Pirrís hydroelectric plant which completed construction in January, 2011 and is set to begin producing electricity in September 2011. The PHED project would have required 7363.506 hectares of land, 915.59 hectares of which are indigenous territories, and displace 1547 people. It would also employ in the region of 3,500 people and the electricity produced has the potential to be exported to neighbouring countries. The PHED was suspended indefinitely by ICE on November 2, 2018. In the announcement, the executive president of ICE, Irene Cañas, cited financial issues as a primary reason for the decision and also announced a series of adjustments to improve the financial conditions of the entity.
San Vito, originally named San Vito de Java, is the capital of the Coto Brus district of Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica. It is located about 271 kilometres (168 mi) southeast of the capital San José, and close to the Panama border.
The Costa Rica–Nicaragua border is the 309 kilometres (192 mi) long international border, extending east–west, between the Caribbean Sea (E) and the Pacific Ocean (W) it separates the northern part of Costa Rica from the Southern part of Nicaragua. It passes near Lake Nicaragua. The southern bank of the River San Juan lies on the border for much of its length.
Colorado is the 6th district of the Canton of Pococí, in Limón Province, at the north-easterly corner of Costa Rica where it meets Nicaragua and the Caribbean Sea.
The election of the Head of State of Costa Rica in 1844 was the first Costa Rican election in which the system of direct suffrage was used to elect the Supreme Head of State, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of April 9, 1844. A method that was abolished by the next election returning to indirect suffrage until 1913.