Foreign relations of Honduras

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Honduras is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Central American Parliament (PARLACEN), the Central American Integration System (SICA), and the Central American Security Commission (CASQ). During 1995-96, Honduras, a founding member of the United Nations, for the first time served as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Honduras is also a member of the International Criminal Court with a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US-military (as covered under Article 98).

Honduras republic in Central America

Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras, is a country in Central America. In the past, it was sometimes referred to as "Spanish Honduras" to differentiate it from British Honduras, which later became modern-day Belize. The republic of Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

United Nations Intergovernmental organization

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.

World Trade Organization organization that intends to supervise and liberalize international trade

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that is concerned with the regulation of international trade between nations. The WTO officially commenced on 1 January 1995 under the Marrakesh Agreement, signed by 124 nations on 15 April 1994, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948. It is the largest international economic organization in the world.

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Central American relations

President Flores[ who? ] consulted frequently with the other Central American presidents on issues of mutual interest. He continued his predecessor's strong emphasis on Central American cooperation and integration, which resulted in an agreement easing border controls and tariffs among Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and El Salvador. Honduras also joined its six Central American neighbors at the 1994 Summit of the Americas in signing the Alliance for Sustainable Development, known as the Conjunta Centroamerica-USA, or CONCAUSA, to promote sustainable economic development in the region. Honduras held the 6-month SICA presidency during the second half of 1998.

Central America central geographic region of the Americas

Central America is located on the southern tip of North America, or is sometimes defined as a subcontinent of the Americas, bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The combined population of Central America has been estimated to be 41,739,000 and 42,688,190.

Guatemala republic in Central America

Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala, is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an estimated population of around 16.6 million, it is the most populated country in Central America. Guatemala is a representative democracy; its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.

Nicaragua Country in Central America

Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the northwest, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. Managua is the country's capital and largest city and is also the third-largest city in Central America, behind Tegucigalpa and Guatemala City. The multi-ethnic population of six million includes people of indigenous, European, African, and Asian heritage. The main language is Spanish. Indigenous tribes on the Mosquito Coast speak their own languages and English.

At the 17th Central American Summit in 1995, hosted by Honduras in the northern city of San Pedro Sula, the region's six countries (excluding Belize) signed treaties creating confidence- and security-building measures and combating the smuggling of stolen automobiles in the isthmus. In subsequent summits (held every 6 months), Honduras has continued to work with the other Central American countries on issues of common concern.

San Pedro Sula Place in Cortés, Honduras

San Pedro Sula is the capital of Cortés Department, Honduras. It is located in the northwest corner of the country in the Sula Valley, about 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of Puerto Cortés on the Caribbean Sea. With a census population of 719,063 in 2013, and 1,445,598 people living in its metropolitan area in 2010, it is the nation's primary industrial center and second largest city after the capital Tegucigalpa.

Belize country in Central America

Belize is a country located on the eastern coast of Central America. Belize is bordered on the northwest by Mexico, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, and on the south and west by Guatemala. It has an area of 22,970 square kilometres (8,867 sq mi) and a population of 387,879 (2017). Its mainland is about 180 mi (290 km) long and 68 mi (110 km) wide. It has the lowest population and population density in Central America. The country's population growth rate of 1.87% per year (2015) is the second highest in the region and one of the highest in the Western Hemisphere.

Relations by country

CountryFormal Relations BeganNotes
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia 16 September 2011

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 16 September 2011.

Flag of Belize.svg  Belize 21 September 1982
Flag of Dominica.svg  Dominica 4 June 2014

The two countries established diplomatic relations on June 04, 2014 [2] during the General Assembly of the Organization of American States in Asunción.

Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador

In 1969, El Salvador and Honduras fought the brief "Football War" over disputed border areas and friction resulting from the 300,000 Salvadorans who had emigrated to Honduras in search of land and employment. The catalyst was nationalistic feelings aroused by a series of soccer matches between the two countries. The two countries formally signed a peace treaty on October 30, 1980, which put the border dispute before the International Court of Justice (ICJ).

In September 1992, the court awarded most of the disputed territory to Honduras. In January 1998, Honduras and El Salvador signed a border demarcation treaty that will implement the terms of the ICJ decree. The treaty awaits legal ratification in both countries. Honduras and El Salvador maintain normal diplomatic and trade relations.

Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana 1 May 1992
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel

In July 2011, President Lobo announced that Honduras would recognise the State of Palestine and support its admission to the General Assembly in September. [4] This broke with the traditional policy of Honduras, which was to encourage a settlement reached through negotiations. [5] After the decision was publicised, Israel withheld its ambassador to Honduras and made a formal protest with the Honduran embassy in Tel Aviv. [6] In response, Lobo defended his intention "from a moral point of view". [7]

Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad al-Maliki claimed that official recognition would be announced by the Honduran Foreign Ministry on 20 August following the summit of the Central American Integration System (SICA) on 18 August. [8] According to Lobo, the organisation was expected to adopt a co-ordinated position on the issue, [7] but El Salvador, the nation presiding over the summit, refused to include the matter on the official agenda, insisting that discussion should retain a regional focus. [9] Despite this, Honduras and El Salvador both officially recognised the Palestinian state on 26 August. [10] [11]

In December 2017, Honduras was one of nine countries (including the United States and Israel) to support Israel and vote against a motion adopted by the United Nations General Assembly condemning the United States' recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. [12] [13]

Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo 3 September 2010

Honduras officially recognized the Republic of Kosovo on 3 September 2010. [14] Kosovo and Honduras established diplomatic relations on 2 December 2010. [15]

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1879See Honduras–Mexico relations

Diplomatic relations between both nations began in 1879.

Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua

Honduras and Nicaragua had tense relations throughout 2000 and early 2001 due to a boundary dispute off the Atlantic coast. Nicaragua imposed a 35% tariff against Honduras due to the dispute, and the matter is currently awaiting a decision from the ICJ. [19]

Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 30 September 1990See Honduras–Russia relations

Diplomatic relations between the USSR and Honduras started on 30 September 1990. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, Honduras recognized Russia as the USSR's successor on January 3, 1992. In 1993 in both countries ambassadors accredited in combination - Ambassador of the Russian Federation, Ambassador of Nicaragua, and of Honduras in Moscow. In 1995, Honorary Consulate of Russia was built in Honduras and was appointed a major entrepreneur Fredy Antonio Nasser Selman. It supports inter-parliamentary ties.

In 1988 and 1991 in Moscow, the delegation visited the National Congress of Honduras. In 1989 he traveled to Honduras. In late September 1996 a visit to the country the delegation of the Federation Council of Federal Assembly of Russian Federation headed by Moscow Gordumy VM Platonov. To date, the Russian-Honduran context, has achieved some progress. It is a political dialogue on pressing international issues, Central American contacts at the United Nations.

Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 1 April 1962

The establishment of diplomatic relations between Honduras and the Republic of Korea was on 1 April 1962. [20]

Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 17 November 1894See Honduras–Spain relations
  • Honduras has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in Barcelona. [21]
  • Spain has an embassy in Tegucigalpa. [22]
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1830See Honduras–United States relations

In May 1997, former President Carlos Roberto Reina met with former US President Bill Clinton in Costa Rica, and the President of the Dominican Republic to reaffirm support for strengthening democracy, good governance, and promoting prosperity through economic integration, free trade, and investment. The leaders also expressed their commitment to the continued development of just and equitable societies and responsible environmental policies as an integral element of sustainable development.

In Summer 2003 Honduras sent around 370 soldiers to Iraq as part of the U.S. coalition of countries that were engaging in war in this country. Immediately after 21 April 2004 these troops were withdrawn by President Ricardo Maduro in the wake of a similar decision by Spanish prime minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. Honduras joining the coalition was largely an attempt to improve foreign relations with the United States over the issue of the migration of many thousands of Hondurans to the US. The money these migrants send back to their families in Honduras is a crucial factor in the Honduran economy, while any political strategy to help these migrants is a guaranteed vote winner.

Illicit drugs

Honduras is a transshipment point for drugs and narcotics; illicit producer of cannabis, cultivated on small plots and used principally for local consumption; corruption is a major problem.

Illegal drug trade global black market

The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global black market dedicated to the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs that are subject to drug prohibition laws. Most jurisdictions prohibit trade, except under license, of many types of drugs through the use of drug prohibition laws.

Cannabis (drug) preparation of the Cannabis plant intended for use as a psychoactive drug and medicine

Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes. The main psychoactive part of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), one of 483 known compounds in the plant, including at least 65 other cannabinoids. Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract.

Political corruption is the use of powers by government officials or their network contacts for illegitimate private gain. An illegal act by an officeholder constitutes political corruption only if the act is directly related to their official duties, is done under color of law or involves trading in influence.

Parts of this article are based on text from the CIA World Factbook.

See also

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References

  1. OAS (1 August 2009). "OAS - Organization of American States: Democracy for peace, security, and development". Oas.org. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  2. Peña, Billy (30 July 2011). "Honduras Breaks Tradition, Will Recognize Palestine". Honduras Weekly. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
  3. Staff writers (29 July 2011). "Apoyo de Honduras a Palestina rompe tradición de política exterior". La Tribuna. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
  4. Keinon, Herb (8 August 2011). "J'lem tells envoy to Honduras to remain at home". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
  5. 1 2 Government of Honduras (2 August 2011). "Presidente Lobo Sosa pide de nuevo a empresarios tocarse el corazón" (in Spanish). Office of the President. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  6. Levy, Elior (6 August 2011). "PA: Wave of recognition ahead". Ynet News. Yedioth Internet. Retrieved 2011-08-01.
  7. Medzini, Ronen (22 August 2011). "Central America 'battles' over PA's UN bid". Ynet News. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
  8. Government of El Salvador (25 August 2011). "El Salvador reconoce a Palestina como Estado libre, soberano e independiente" (in Spanish). Ministry of Exterior Relations. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
  9. Peña, Billy (26 August 2011). "Honduras Communiqué Recognizing Palestine". Honduras Weekly. Archived from the original on 2011-10-14. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
  10. "Jerusalem: UN resolution rejects Trump's declaration", BBC News, 21 December 2017
  11. Honduras recognises the Republic of Kosovo, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kosovo, 2010-09-03
  12. "Established Diplomatic Relations between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Honduras". Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Republic of Kosovo. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  13. "Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores - Gobierno - gob.mx". Sre.gob.mx. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  14. "Inicio". embamex.sre.gob.mx. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  15. "Inicio". consulmex.sre.gob.mx. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  16. "Honduras (4/01)". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
  17. "Countries and Regions > Latin America and Caribbean > List of the Countries". Mofa.go.kr. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  18. "Embajada de Honduras en España". Embahonduras.es. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  19. "Páginas - Embajada de España en Honduras". Exteriores.gob.es. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  20. "EMBASSY OF HONDURAS TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA". Hondurasemb.org. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  21. "Embassy of the United States in Tegucigalpa (in English and Spanish)". Honduras.usembassy.gov. Retrieved 4 October 2017.