Foreign relations of Guatemala

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Guatemala's major diplomatic interests are regional security and increasingly, regional development and economic integration.


Bilateral relations

CountryFormal Relations BeganNotes
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra 27 November 2700
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to Guatemala.
  • Guatemala is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
  • Argentina has an embassy in Guatemala City.
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Buenos Aires.
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia 29 June 1998

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 29 June 1998.

Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 7 January 1993

There are four Australia–Guatemala bilateral treaties. Guatemala has an embassy in Canberra, Australia. [1] The Australian embassy in Mexico has consular responsibility for Guatemala. [2] Trade between the two countries is A$32 Million. [3]

Flag of Belize.svg  Belize 11 September 1993See Belize-Guatemala relations

Guatemala has a longstanding claim to a large portion of Belize. The territorial dispute caused problems with the United Kingdom and later with Belize following its 1981 independence from the UK. In December 1989 Guatemala sponsored Belize for permanent observer status in the Organization of American States (OAS). In September 1991 Guatemala recognized Belize's independence and established diplomatic ties, while acknowledging that the boundaries remained in dispute. In anticipation of an effort to bring the border dispute to an end in early 1996, the Guatemalan Congress ratified two long-pending international agreements governing frontier issues and maritime rights.

In early 2000 the Guatemalan Foreign Ministry proposed a border settlement that would transfer more than half of Belize's territory to Guatemala. Following a spate of border incidents, both sides agreed during talks under OAS auspices in November 2000 to confidence-building measures to reduce tensions. They followed that with an agreement on opening substantive discussions on the dispute. Both Guatemala and Belize are participating in the confidence-building measures, including the Guatemala-Belize Language Exchange Project.

In September 2010 the Guatemalan Congress overwhelmingly gave its approval for a referendum to be held to give the people of Guatemala a say in whether or not that country’s claim to Belize should be taken to the International Court of Justice for final resolution. Under the special agreement (compromis) signed in December 2008 by Belize and Guatemala it was agreed that if the people of both nations approved, by way of a simultaneous referendum on the same day, that the dispute would proceed to the ICJ. The outcome of any ruling handed down by the ICJ will be final and binding, regardless of in whose favor the ruling is handed down.

Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 1961
  • Canada has an embassy in Guatemala City. [4]
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Ottawa and a consulate-general in Montreal. [5]
Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China (Taiwan)1902
Guatemala Diplomat Antonio Roberto Castellanos Lopez and ROC President Tsai Ing-wen in Taiwan. Cai Ying Wen Zong Tong Jie Jian Gua Di Ma La Zhu Wei Ye Na Lian He Guo Chang Ren Dai Biao Qia Si Di Ye Nuo Si Kang Li .jpg
Guatemala Diplomat Antonio Roberto Castellanos Lopez and ROC President Tsai Ing-wen in Taiwan.

Guatemala maintains official relations with the Republic of China (ROC).

Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica
  • Costa Rica has an embassy in Guatemala City.
  • Guatemala has an embassy in San José.
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 1821
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Guatemala City. [6]
  • Guatemala has an embassy in San Salvador. [7]
Flag of France.svg  France
  • France has an embassy in Guatemala City.
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Paris.
Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana 1 May 1992
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on 1 May 1992. [8]
  • Both countries are full members of Organization of American States and Association of Caribbean States.
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras 1821
Flag of India.svg  India 16 May 1972See Guatemala-India relations
  • India maintains an embassy in Guatemala City. [10]
  • Guatemala has an embassy in New Delhi.
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 19 May 1948 [11]
Dinner hosted by Israeli Ambassador to Guatemala Joshua Shai, in honor of President of Guatemala Enrique Peralta Azurdia, at his residence in Guatemala, 1964. Ambassador of Israel to Guatemala Joshua N Shai 1964.jpg
Dinner hosted by Israeli Ambassador to Guatemala Joshua Shai, in honor of President of Guatemala Enrique Peralta Azurdia, at his residence in Guatemala, 1964.
  • Israel maintains an embassy in Guatemala City. [12]
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Jerusalem.
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1838See Guatemala–Mexico relations

Diplomatic relations between Mexico and Guatemala began in 1838 after the dissolution of the Federal Republic of Central America.

Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Rabat.
  • Morocco has an embassy in Guatemala City.
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Managua.
  • Nicaragua has an embassy in Guatemala City.
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Panama City.
  • Panama has an embassy in Guatemala City.
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 19 April 1945See Guatemala-Russia relations
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Moscow.
  • Russia has an embassy in Guatemala City. [15]
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 24 October 1962

The establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea and the Republic of Guatemala started on 24 October 1962. [16]

  • Guatemala has an embassy in Seoul, South Korea. [17]
  • South Korea has an embassy in Guatemala City. [18]
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1838See Guatemala–Spain relations
  • Guatemala has an embassy in Madrid. [19]
  • Spain has an embassy in Guatemala City. [20]
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1830See Guatemala–United States relations

Relations between the United States and Guatemala traditionally have been close, although at times strained by human rights and civil-military issues. U.S. policy objectives in Guatemala include:

The United States, as a member of "the Friends of Guatemala", along with Colombia, Mexico, Spain, Norway, and Venezuela, played an important role in the UN-moderated peace accords. The United States strongly supported the six substantive and three procedural accords, which, along with the signing of the December 29, 1996 final accord, form the blueprint for profound political, economic, and social change. To that end, the U.S. government committed over $500 million to support peace implementation since 1997.

Violent criminal activity continues to be a problem in Guatemala, including murder, rape, and armed assaults. In recent years the number of violent crimes reported by U.S. citizens has steadily increased, though the number of Americans traveling to Guatemala has increased.

Most U.S. assistance to Guatemala is provided through the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) offices for Guatemala. USAID/Guatemala's current program builds on the gains of the peace process that followed the signing of the peace accords in December 1996, as well as on the achievements of its 1997–2004 peace program. The current program works to advance U.S. foreign policy objectives by focusing on Guatemala's potential as Central America's largest economy and trading partner of the United States, but also recognizes the country's lagging social indicators and widespread poverty. The three areas of focus for USAID/Guatemala's program are modeled after the Millennium Challenge Account areas—ruling justly, economic freedom, and investing in people.

Multilateral relations

The Central American Ministers of Trade meet on a regular basis to work on regional approaches to trade issues. In March 1998, Guatemala joined its Central American neighbors in signing a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA). In 2000 it joined Honduras and El Salvador in signing a free trade agreement with Mexico, which went into effect in 2001. Guatemala also originated the idea for, and is the seat of, the Central American Parliament (PARLACEN).

Guatemala participates in several regional groups, particularly those related to the environment and trade. For example, US President Clinton and the Central American presidents signed the CONCAUSA (Conjunto Centroamerica-USA) agreement at the Summit of the Americas in December 1994. CONCAUSA is a cooperative plan of action to promote clean, efficient energy use; conserve the region's biodiversity; strengthen legal and institutional frameworks and compliance mechanisms; and improve and harmonize environmental protection standards.

Illicit drugs: Guatemala is a transit country for cocaine shipments; minor producer of illicit opium poppy and cannabis for the international drug trade; active eradication program in 1996 effectively eliminated the cannabis crop; proximity to Mexico makes Guatemala a major staging area for drugs (cocaine shipments).

See also

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  1. "Search results". Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Archived from the original on 11 June 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  2. "Guatemala". Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  3. (PDF). Dept Foreign Affairs and Trade . Retrieved 6 July 2017.Missing or empty |title= (help); External link in |website= (help)
  4. Canada, Global Affairs Canada-Affaires mondiales (20 November 2008). "Embassy of Canada to Guatemala". GAC.
  5. "Forbidden".
  6. Embassy of El Salvador in Guatemala (in Spanish)
  7. "Forbidden".
  8. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-07. Retrieved 2016-07-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. "Forbidden".
  10. "Embassy of India Guatemala".
  13. Embassy of Mexico in Guatemala City (in Spanish).
  14. Embassy of Guatemala in Mexico City (in Spanish).
  15. Embassy of the Russian Federation in Guatemala City
  16. "Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Korea-Latin America and Caribbean".
  17. "알짜 유럽여행 정보 노리터 : 네이버 블로그".
  18. Embajada de la República de Corea en Guatemala
  19. admin. "Homepage".
  20. "Páginas - Embajada de España en Guatemala".