Foreign relations of El Salvador

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El Salvador is a member of the United Nations and several of its specialized agencies, the Organization of American States (OAS), the Central American Common Market (CACM), the Central American Parliament (PARLACEN), and the Central American Integration System (SICA). It actively participates in the Central American Security Commission (CASC), which seeks to promote regional arms control.

El Salvador country in Central America

El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador, is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2016, the country had a population of approximately 6.34 million.

United Nations Intergovernmental organization

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.

Organization of American States international organization

The Organization of American States, or the OAS or OEA, is a continental organization that was founded on 30 April 1948, for the purposes of regional solidarity and cooperation among its member states. Headquartered in the United States capital Washington, D.C., the OAS's members are the 35 independent states of the Americas.

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In November, 1950 El Salvador helped the newly empowered 14th Dalai Lama by supporting his Tibetan Government cabinet minister's telegram requesting an appeal before the General Assembly of the United Nations to stop the Communist China's People's Liberation Army's invasion of Tibet. [2]

14th Dalai Lama Current Dalai Lama

The 14th Dalai Lama, religious name: Tenzin Gyatso, shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso; born Lhamo Thondup, is the current Dalai Lama. Dalai Lamas are important monks of the Gelug school, the newest school of Tibetan Buddhism, which was formally headed by the Ganden Tripas. From the time of the 5th Dalai Lama to 1959, the central government of Tibet, the Ganden Phodrang, invested the position of Dalai Lama with temporal duties.

Tibet plateau region in Asia

Tibet is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Inner Asia. It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpa, Tamang, Qiang, Sherpa, and Lhoba peoples and is now also inhabited by considerable numbers of Han Chinese and Hui people. Tibet is the highest region on Earth, with an average elevation of 5,000 metres (16,000 ft). The highest elevation in Tibet is Mount Everest, Earth's highest mountain, rising 8,848 m (29,029 ft) above sea level.

China Country in East Asia

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

El Salvador also is a member of the World Trade Organization and is pursuing regional free trade agreements. An active participant in the Summit of the Americas process, El Salvador chairs a working group on market access under the Free Trade Area of the Americas initiative.

World Trade Organization organization that intends to supervise and liberalize international trade

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that is concerned with the regulation of international trade between nations. The WTO officially commenced on 1 January 1995 under the Marrakesh Agreement, signed by 124 nations on 15 April 1994, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948. It is the largest international economic organization in the world.

Working group interdisciplinary collaboration of researchers

A working group or working party is a group of experts working together to achieve specified goals. The groups are domain-specific and focus on discussion or activity around a specific subject area. The term can sometimes refer to an interdisciplinary collaboration of researchers working on new activities that would be difficult to sustain under traditional funding mechanisms.

Free Trade Area of the Americas

The Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) was a proposed agreement to eliminate or reduce the trade barriers among all countries in the Americas, excluding Cuba.

El Salvador has joined its six Central American neighbors in signing the Alliance for Sustainable Development, known as the Conjunta Centroamerica-USA or CONCAUSA to promote sustainable economic development in the region.

Bilateral relations

Africa

CountryFormal Relations BeganNotes
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt
  • Egypt has an interest section in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador does not have an accreditation to Egypt.
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
  • El Salvador is accredited to Morocco from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
  • Morocco is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Guatemala City, Guatemala.
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 31 July 1989

El Salvador recognized the SADR on July 31, 1989. On April 1997, El Salvador cancelled relations with the SADR. On June 2009, and during a visit of SADR's president, Mohamed Abdelaziz, relations were restored. On November 30, 2010, the SADR and El Salvador upgrade their relations to ambassadorial level. [3]

Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
  • El Salvador is accredited to South Africa from its embassy in Tel Aviv, Israel.
  • South Africa is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.

Americas

CountryFormal Relations BeganNotes
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Flag of Belize.svg  Belize
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia
  • Bolivia is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in San José, Costa Rica.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in La Paz.
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
  • Brazil has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Brasília.
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 29 December 1961See Canada–El Salvador relations
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile
  • Chile has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Santiago.
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
  • Colombia has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Bogotá.
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica
  • Costa Rica has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in San José.
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba

Cuba and El Salvador have resumed diplomatic relations on June 1, 2009. El Salvador previously suspended diplomatic relations with Cuba in 1961 due to the Cuban Revolution. [6] The diplomatic ties have started after El Salvador's new president Mauricio Funes has been sworn into office, and pledged to re-establish diplomatic relations with Cuba. El Salvador is also the very last Latin American nation to do so. [ citation needed ]

  • Cuba has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Havana.
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic
  • Dominican Republic has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Santo Domingo.
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador
  • Ecuador has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Quito.
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Guatemala City.
  • Guatemala has an embassy in San Salvador.
Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana 1 May 1992
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti
  • El Salvador is accredited to Haiti from its embassy in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
  • Haiti is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras

In July 1969, El Salvador and Honduras fought the 100-hour Football War over disputed border areas and friction resulting from the 300,000 Salvadorans who had emigrated to Honduras in search of land and employment. The catalyst was nationalistic feelings aroused by a series of soccer matches between the two countries. The two countries formally signed a peace treaty on October 30, 1980, which put the border dispute before the International Court of Justice.

In September 1992, the court issued a 400-page ruling, awarding much of the disputed land to Honduras. Although there have been tensions between citizens on both sides of the border, the two countries have worked to maintain stability and signed an agreement in November 1996 to establish a framework for negotiating the final disposition of citizens and property in the affected areas. El Salvador and Honduras share normal diplomatic and trade relations.

The Honduras-El Salvador Border Protocol ratified by Honduras in May 1999 established a framework for a long-delayed border demarcation, which is currently underway; with respect to the maritime boundary in the Golfo de Fonseca, the International Court of Justice referred to the line determined by the 1900 Honduras-Nicaragua Mixed Boundary Commission and advised that some tripartite resolution among El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua likely would be required.

Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1838See El Salvador–Mexico relations

Diplomatic relations between Mexico and El Salvador were established in 1838.

Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Managua.
  • Nicaragua has an embassy in San Salvador.
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Panama City.
  • Panama has an embassy in San Salvador.
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay
  • El Salvador is accredited to Paraguay from its embassy in Montevideo, Uruguay.
  • Paraguay is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Bogotá, Colombia.
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Lima.
  • Peru has an embassy in San Salvador.
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in San José, Costa Rica.
Flag of the United States.svg  United States See El Salvador–United States relations

U.S. policy towards the country promotes the strengthening of El Salvador's democratic institutions, rule of law, judicial reform, and civilian police; national reconciliation and reconstruction; and economic opportunity and growth. El Salvador has been a committed member of the coalition of nations fighting against terrorism and has sent 10 rotations of troops to support the Iraq War. PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the United States Department of State website https://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/index.htm ( U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets ). [10]

  • El Salvador has an embassy in Washington, D.C. and has several consulates-general scattered about the country. [11]
  • United States has an embassy in San Salvador. [12]
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay See El Salvador–Uruguay relations
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Montevideo.
  • Uruguay has an embassy in San Salvador.
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Caracas.
  • Venezuela has an embassy in San Salvador.

Asia

CountryFormal Relations BeganNotes
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia 22 March 1999
  • Armenia does not have an accreditation in El Salvador.
  • El Salvador does not have an accreditation to Armenia.
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 21 August 2018

On August 21st, China's State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi held talks with El Salvador Foreign Minister Carlos Castaneda and signed a joint communique on the establishment of diplomatic relations, deciding to recognize each other and establish diplomatic relations at an ambassadorial level from the date of the communique's signing. The government of the Republic of China on Taiwan has preemptively severed diplomatic ties with El Salvador. [13]

  • China has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has not yet opened an embassy in Beijing.
Flag of India.svg  India See El Salvador–India relations
  • El Salvador has an embassy in New Delhi [14]
  • India is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Guatemala City, Guatemala.
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Tel Aviv.
  • Israel is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in San José, Costa Rica.
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Tokyo.
  • Japan has an embassy in San Salvador.
Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine 25 August 2011

El Salvador, which is home to a sizable ethnic Palestinian community, was widely expected to join the succession of South American governments that recognised Palestine in the end of 2010. [15] In May 2011, members of the country's Legislative Assembly including its president Sigfrido Reyes presented a proposal to the Cabinet to issue a statement formally recognising the State of Palestine. [16] [17]

The Central American Integration System (SICA) was expected to adopt a co-ordinated position on the issue at its summit in San Salvador on 18 August. [18] However, El Salvador, as the nation presiding over the summit, refused to include the matter on the official agenda, [19] insisting that discussion should retain a regional focus. [20] Despite this, the government officially recognised the Palestinian state on 25 August 2011. [21]

  • El Salvador conducts relations with Palestine from its embassy in Tel Aviv, Israel and maintains an honorary consulate in Bethlehem. [22]
  • Palestine has an embassy in San Salvador. [23]
  • See also Palestinian Salvadoran
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Doha.
  • Qatar has an embassy in San Salvador.
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 1962

The establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea and the Republic of El Salvador began on August 1962 and the number of the South Koreans living in El Salvador in 2013 was about 258. [24]

  • South Korea has an embassy in San Salvador.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Seoul.
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
  • El Salvador is accredited to Turkey from its embassy in Berlin, Germany.
  • Turkey is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Guatemala City, Guatemala.

Europe

CountryFormal Relations BeganNotes
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra 14 May 1998
  • Andorra does not have an accreditation to El Salvador.
  • El Salvador is accredited to Andorra from its embassy in Madrid, Spain.
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
  • Austria is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Vienna.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
  • Belgium is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Panama City, Panama.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Brussels.
Flag of France.svg  France
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Paris.
  • France has an embassy in San Salvador.
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Berlin.
  • Germany has an embassy in San Salvador.
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
  • El Salvador is accredited to Greece from its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • Greece is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
Flag of the Vatican City.svg  Holy See
  • El Salvador has an embassy to the Holy See based in Rome.
  • Holy See has an Apostolic Nunciature in San Salvador.
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Rome and a consulate-general in Milan.
  • Italy has an embassy in San Salvador.
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo 29 June 2013
  • El Salvador officially recognised Kosovo as an independent sovereign state on 29 June 2013. [25]
  • El Salvador and Kosovo established official diplomatic relations on 18 October 2014. [26]
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
  • El Salvador has an embassy in The Hague.
  • Netherlands is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in San José, Costa Rica.
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
  • El Salvador is accredited to Poland from its embassy in Berlin, Germany.
  • Poland is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Panama City, Panama.
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
  • El Salvador is accredited to Portugal from its embassy in Paris, France.
  • Portugal is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 1992

El Salvador established diplomatic relation with Russia in 1992 after the end of the Salvadoran Civil War and after the end of the cold war. Russian Federation foreign minister Sergei Lavrov visited El Salvador and since then legislative visits of legislative even from anti-narcotics cooperation have been accomplished. [ citation needed ] El Salvador has benefited with the selling of Russian tractors and Russian vans. [ citation needed ]

  • El Salvador has an embassy in Moscow.
  • Russia is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Managua, Nicaragua.
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 24 June 1865See El Salvador–Spain relations
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Madrid and a consulate-general in Barcelona. [27]
  • Spain has an embassy in San Salvador. [28]
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Stockholm.
  • Sweden is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Guatemala City, Guatemala.
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
  • El Salvador has an embassy in London.
  • United Kingdom has an embassy in San Salvador.

Oceania

CountryFormal Relations BeganNotes
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
  • Australia is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.
  • El Salvador has an embassy in Canberra and a consulate-general in Melbourne.
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
  • El Salvador is accredited to New Zealand from its embassy in Canberra, Australia.
  • New Zealand is accredited to El Salvador from its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico and maintains an honorary consulate in San Salvador.


See also

Related Research Articles

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References

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  16. Government of Honduras (2 August 2011). "Presidente Lobo Sosa pide de nuevo a empresarios tocarse el corazón" (in Spanish). Office of the President. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  17. Staff writer (6 August 2011). "CARICOM-Palestine seeking CARICOM support for homeland". Caricom News Network. CSME Network News. Retrieved 2011-08-15.
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  21. Ministro Castaneda recibe copias de estilo de parte del embajador del Estado de Palestina (in Spanish)
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  23. "Arrin nota verbale nga El Salvadori". Kosovo MFA. 4 July 2013. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
  24. "Republika e Kosovës vendos marrëdhëniet diplomatike me Republikën e El Salvadorit". Kosovo MFA. 18 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
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