Elections in El Salvador

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politics and government of
El Salvador

The government of El Salvador is a presidential representative democratic republic.

The government of El Salvador is a presidential representative democratic republic. The seat of the federal government is in San Salvador.


El Salvador doesn't elect head of state the President of El Salvador directly through a fixed-date general election whose winner is decided by absolute majority. If an absolute majority (50% + 1) is not achieved by any candidate in the first round of a presidential election, then a run-off election is conducted 30 days later between the two candidates who obtained the most votes in the first round. The presidential period is five years. Consecutive re-election is not permitted, though previously elected presidents may run for a second, non-consecutive term.

El Salvador country in Central America

El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador, is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2016, the country had a population of approximately 6.34 million.

A head of state is the public persona who officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state. Depending on the country's form of government and separation of powers, the head of state may be a ceremonial figurehead or concurrently the head of government. In a parliamentary system the head of state is the de jure leader of the nation, and there is a separate de facto leader, often with the title of prime minister. In contrast, a semi-presidential system has both heads of state and government as the leaders de facto of the nation.

President of El Salvador office of the head of state of El Salvador, created in the Constitution of 1841 (during 1821–1841, the head of state of El Salvador was styled simply as Head of State [Jefe de Estado])

The President of El Salvador officially known as the President of the Republic of El Salvador is the head of state of El Salvador. The office was created in the Constitution of 1841. From 1821 until 1841, the head of state of El Salvador was styled simply as Head of State.

Salvadorans also elect a single-chamber, unicameral national legislature the Legislative Assembly of El Salvador composed of 84 members (deputies). They are elected by open-list proportional representation for three-year terms, with the possibility of immediate re-election. All 84 seats in the Legislative Assembly are elected on the basis of 14 multi-member constituencies (corresponding to El Salvador's 14 departments). They range from 3-16 seats each according to department population size.

A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city. Legislatures form important parts of most governments; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government.

Legislative Assembly of El Salvador

The Legislative Assembly is the legislative branch of the government of El Salvador.

Departments of El Salvador administrative division

El Salvador is divided into 14 departments for administrative purposes, subdivided into 262 municipalities. The country is a unitary state.

Political culture

El Salvador has a single-party system. One political party, the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) has tended to dominate elections. ARENA candidates won four consecutive presidential elections until the election of March 2009.

A political party is an organized group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. The party agrees on some proposed policies and programmes, with a view to promoting the collective good or furthering their supporters' interests.

Nationalist Republican Alliance political party in El Salvador

The Nationalist Republican Alliance is a conservative, right-wing political party of El Salvador. It was founded on 30 September 1981, by retired Salvadoran soldier Roberto D'Aubuisson and Mercedes Gloria Salguero Gross. It defines itself as a political institution constituted by "Salvadorans who defend the democratic, republican, and representative system of government, the social market economy system and nationalism".

Geographically, the departments of the Central region, especially the capital and the coastal regions, known as departamentos rojos, or red departments, are relatively Leftist. The departamentos azules, or blue departments in the east, western and highland regions are relatively conservative.



Position 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Type Gubernatorial (March)
National Congress (March)
NonePresidential (March)National Congress (March)
Gubernatorial (March)
President and
vice president
None President and vice presidentNone
National CongressAll seatsNone All seatsNone
Provinces, cities and municipalitiesAll positionsNone All positionsNone


Position 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Type Gubernatorial (June)
National Congress (June)
NonePresidential (June)
National Congress (June)
President and
vice president
None 1 JuneNone
National Congress1 MayNone 1 MayNone
Provinces, cities and municipalities1 MayNone 1 MayNone

Latest elections

2012 Legislative Assembly election

e    d  Summary of the 10 March 2012 Salvadoran Legislative Assembly election results
Nationalist Republican Alliance (Alianza Republicana Nacionalista)870,41839.76%33Increase2.svg 1
Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional)804,76036.76%31Decrease2.svg 4
Grand Alliance for National Unity (Alianza por la Unidad Nacional)210,1019.6%11Increase2.svg 11
National Coalition (Concertación Nacional)1157,0747.18%74Decrease2.svg 4
Party of Hope (Partido de la Esperanza)260,4862.76%14Decrease2.svg 4
Democratic Change (Cambio Democrático)46,8382.14%1Steady2.svg 0
National Liberal Party (Partido Nacional Liberal)14,3790.66%0Steady2.svg 0
People's Party (Partido Popular)10,9520.50%0Steady2.svg 0
Independents 314,0980.63%0Steady2.svg 0
1Compared to National Conciliation Party in 2009.
2Compared to Christian Democratic Party in 2009.
3Five independent candidates. Percentage and votes are cumulative.
4A MP from Chalatenango that won, ran on a joint CN and PES ticket and got 17,072 votes, or 0.78% (counted here for CN).
Source: Supreme Electoral Tribunal

2014 presidential election

CandidatePartyFirst roundSecond round
Salvador Sánchez Cerén Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front 1,315,76848.931,495,81550.11
Norman Quijano Nationalist Republican Alliance 1,047,59238.961,489,45149.89
Antonio Saca Unity Movement 307,60311.44
René Rodriguez HurtadoSalvadoran Progressive Party11,3140.42
Óscar LemusSalvadoran Patriot Fraternity6,6590.25
Invalid/blank votes34,31019,579
Registered voters/turnout4,955,10754.964,955,10760.64
Source: TSE [1] [2]

See also

Related Research Articles

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  1. "TSE El Salvador – Elecciones Presidenciales 2014 – Escrutinio Final". Archived from the original on March 6, 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-08.
  2. "TSE El Salvador – Segunda Elección Presidencial 2014 – Escrutinio Final". Archived from the original on March 16, 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-08.