Transport in El Salvador

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The road to San Salvador, leaving from Apopa. Vertical road leads to Quezaltepeque. The volcano of San Salvador is seen in the distance. Rd to SS.jpg
The road to San Salvador, leaving from Apopa. Vertical road leads to Quezaltepeque. The volcano of San Salvador is seen in the distance.

El Salvador has transport links by road, rail, sea and air.

El Salvador country in Central America

El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador, is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2016, the country had a population of approximately 6.34 million.

Transport human-directed movement of things or people between locations

Transport or transportation is the movement of humans, animals and goods from one location to another. In other words the action of transport is defined as a particular movement of an organism or thing from a point A to the Point B. Modes of transport include air, land, water, cable, pipeline and space. The field can be divided into infrastructure, vehicles and operations. Transport is important because it enables trade between people, which is essential for the development of civilizations.

Road transport collective term for all forms of transport which takes place on roads, exept railroads

Road transport or road transportation is a type of transport by using roads. Transport on roads can be roughly grouped into the transportation of goods and transportation of people. In many countries licensing requirements and safety regulations ensure a separation of the two industries. Movement along roads may be by bike or automobile, truck, or by animal such as horse or oxen. Standard networks of roads were adopted by Romans, Persians, Aztec, and other early empires, and may be regarded as a feature of empires. Cargo may be transported by trucking companies, while passengers may be transported via mass transit. Commonly defined features of modern roads include defined lanes and signage. Within the United States, roads between regions are connected via the Interstate Highway System.


El Salvador has over 10,000 km of roads, and one passenger rail service. There are several seaports on the Pacific Ocean, and two international airports.

Pacific Ocean Ocean between Asia and Australia in the west, the Americas in the east and Antarctica or the Southern Ocean in the south.

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south and is bounded by Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east.


A weekday passenger service links San Salvador and Apopa, a journey of 40 minutes. [1] Of a total of 602 km narrow gauge (3 ft (914 mm)) rail, much is abandoned. In November 2013 the government rail agency FENADESAL announced plans for development of four electrified railways serving San Salvador, Sitio del Niño (La Libertad), El Salvador International Airport, La Unión, and the Honduran frontier. [2]

San Salvador National capital in San Salvador Department, El Salvador

San Salvador is the capital and the most populous city of El Salvador and its eponymous department. It is the country's political, cultural, educational and financial center. The Metropolitan Area of San Salvador which comprises the capital itself and 13 of its municipalities has a population of 2,404,097.

Apopa Place in San Salvador Department, El Salvador

Apopa is a municipality in the San Salvador department of El Salvador. Probably the seventh biggest city in El Salvador with a little more than 150,000 people, the city has now collided with Soyapango and San Salvador, making it part of the Great San Salvador Metro.

La Unión, El Salvador Municipality in La Unión Department, El Salvador

La Unión is a municipality in La Unión Department of El Salvador.

Transport in Guatemala

Transportation in Guatemala includes roads, waterways, and airports. It formerly included railways.

Transport in Honduras

Transport in Honduras refers to transport in Honduras, a country in Central America.


FERISTSA was the name of a proposed 1,600-mile (2,600 km) US$3 billion privately owned commercial railroad going from the Panama Canal Railway Company through the entire length of Central America, linking with Mexico's rail system at the Guatemala border, and thus to Belize, the United States, and Canada.


The bus running between Santa Ana and San Salvador. El-Salvador-Bus.jpg
The bus running between Santa Ana and San Salvador.
Highway A public road or other public way on land

A highway is any public or private road or other public way on land. It is used for major roads, but also includes other public roads and public tracks: It is not an equivalent term to controlled-access highway, or a translation for autobahn, autoroute, etc.

The RN-21 (Bulevar Monseñor Romero) (East–West) is the very first freeway to be built in El Salvador and in Central America. The freeway passes the northern area of the city of Santa Tecla, La Libertad. It has a small portion serving Antiguo Cuscatlan, La Libertad, and merges with the RN-5 (Autopista Comalapa) (East–West, Boulevard de Los Proceres/Autopista del Aeropuerto) in San Salvador.

Central America central geographic region of the Americas

Central America is located on the southern tip of North America, or is sometimes defined as a subcontinent of the Americas, bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The combined population of Central America has been estimated to be 41,739,000 and 42,688,190.

RN-5 (Autopista Comalapa) highway in El Salvador

The RN-5 serves as one of the main highways in the Metropolitan Area of San Salvador. The highway connects the metropolitan area with the El Salvador International Airport, located in San Luis Talpa, La Paz, a municipality that borders with the San Salvador Department. The highway was built to replace the old Carretera al Aeropuerto, a small road that runs on the side of a mountain range, parallel to the Autopista Comalapa. This road has been turned into a scenic road. It overlooks the new RN-5 and the southern hills of the San Salvador Department. The total length of the highway is 40.7 kilometres (25.3 mi). It is currently the only highway that connects to the airport coming from the metropolitan area. Other highways connect with the RN-5 to provide connection to the other departments in the country. The construction of the first Carretera a Comalapa was made in 1980. The construction of the highway began in 2001 and it was completed and inaugurated on November 22, 2002. The part of the highway known as Boulevard de Los Proceres runs through the southern side of the city of San Salvador. The highway is also a vital area in the city. It connects with various restaurants, business centers, and other dealerships.

The total length of the RN-21 is 9.95 kilometres (6.18 mi) and is currently working as a traffic reliever in the metropolitan area. The RN-21 was named in honor of Monseñor Romero. The first phase of the highway was completed in 2009, and the second phase in November 2012.

Ports and harbors

Pacific Ocean

Merchant marine

none (1999 est.)


El Salvador International Airport. Comalapa airport.jpg
El Salvador International Airport.

75 (2006 est.)

Airports - with paved runways

Airports - with unpaved runways


1 (2006 est.)

Airports by name

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Rail transport in El Salvador

At present (2015), no trains are operated in El Salvador. The national railroad corporation is FENADESAL, a division of CEPA. It oversees 554.8 km of all disused 3 ft narrow gauge lines connecting major cities and formerly linked with Guatemala railroads at Anguiatú.

Monseñor Óscar Arnulfo Romero International Airport airport in El Salvador

Monseñor Óscar Arnulfo Romero International Airport, previously known as Comalapa International Airport ; previous Official name El Salvador International Airport. is an airport located about 50 km (31 mi) from San Salvador in El Salvador. With 2,984,746 passengers in 2016, it is the busiest airport in El Salvador and third-busiest in Central America by passenger traffic.

RN-21 (Boulevard Diego Holguin) highway in El Salvador

The Santa Tecla FreewayRN-21 (East-West) is the very first freeway to be built in El Salvador. The freeway passes the northern area of the city of Santa Tecla, La Libertad. It has a small portion serving Antiguo Cuscatlán, La Libertad, and merges with the RN-5 in San Salvador. The total span of the RN-21 is 9.35 kilometres (5.81 mi) and is currently working as a traffic reliever in the metropolitan area. Initially, the RN-21 was going to be named "Boulevard Diego de Holguín" in Honor of the first mayor of San Salvador, Diego de Holguín; but it was finally named "Bulevar Monseñor Romero;" though with much disagreement the name is still in dispute, due to its political motives by El Salvador's former president Mauricio Funes of the FMLN party who also changed the name of El Salvador's International Airport, historically known as Comalapa, to Monseñor Oscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez for political purposes and gain votes for the fmln. The first phase of the highway was completed in 2009, and the second phase was completed on November 2012. The expressway also contains a bicycle lane.