Transport in Brazil

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Rio-Niteroi Bridge Ilha de Mocangue by Diego Baravelli (cropped).jpg
Rio–Niterói Bridge
Port of Itajai, Santa Catarina, Brazil A Saude dos Portos (7110638275).jpg
Port of Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brazil

Transport infrastructure in Brazil is characterized by strong regional differences and lack of development of the national rail network. [1] Brazil's fast-growing economy, and especially the growth in exports, will place increasing demands on the transport networks. [2] However, sizeable new investments that are expected to address some of the issues are either planned or in progress. [2] [3] It is common to travel domestically by air because the price is low. [4] Brazil has the second highest number of airports in the world, after USA. [5]

Contents

Railways

Norte Brasil Railway Ponte Rubineia 4.jpg
Norte Brasil Railway

The Brazilian railway network has an extension of about 30,000 kilometers. It is basically used for transporting ores. [6] Usually, the railway sector is treated in a secondary way in Brazil, due to logistical, economic or political difficulties to install more railways.

Broad gauge: 4,932 km 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) gauge (939 km electrified)
Narrow gauge: 23,773 km 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) gauge (581 km electrified)
Dual gauge: 396 km 1000 mm and 1600 mm gauges (three rails)
Standard gauge: 202.4 km 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) gauge (2006)

Cities with metros

Rio de Janeiro Metro Estacao Antero de Quental (15-07-2016) 03.jpg
Rio de Janeiro Metro

International rail links exist between Brazil and Argentina, Bolivia and Uruguay.

Tramways

Brazil had a hundred tramway systems. [7] Currently, there are vintage tramways operating in Belém, [8] Campinas, [9] Campos do Jordão, [10] Itatinga, [11] Rio de Janeiro [12] and Santos. [13]

Highways

Rodovia dos Imigrantes Rodovia dos Imigrantes 1.jpg
Rodovia dos Imigrantes
Road system in Brazil, with divided highways highlighted in red. The Sao Paulo state, which has state control of most federal roads in its territory, made its road network the most extensive one in the country, thanks to this fact. Rodovias Duplicadas do Brasil, Junho de 2019.jpg
Road system in Brazil, with divided highways highlighted in red. The São Paulo state, which has state control of most federal roads in its territory, made its road network the most extensive one in the country, thanks to this fact.

Brazil has more than 1.7 million km of roads, of which 215,000 km are paved, and about 14,000 km are divided highways. The two most important highways in the country are BR-101 and BR-116. [14]

The country has a low rate of car ownership of 140 per 1000 people, however in comparison to the other developing economies of the BRIC group Brazil exceeds India and China.

Waterways

50,000 km navigable (most in areas remote from industry or population) (2008)

Pipelines

Seaports and harbors

Port of Santos Port Santos.jpg
Port of Santos
Port of Manaus on the Rio Negro, the largest river port in the country. Porto Manaus.jpg
Port of Manaus on the Rio Negro, the largest river port in the country.
Main ports in Brazil Mapa portos.jpg
Main ports in Brazil

The busiest port in the country, and the 2nd busiest in all of Latin America, losing only to the Port of Colón, is the Port of Santos. Other high-movement ports are the Port of Rio de Janeiro, Port of Paranaguá, Port of Itajaí, Port of Rio Grande, Port of São Francisco do Sul and Suape Port. [15]

Atlantic Ocean

Amazon river

Paraguay River (international water way)

Merchant marine

total: 136 ships (1,000  gross tonnage  (GT) or over) totaling 3,964,808  GT/6,403,284 tonnes deadweight (DWT)

ships by type: (1999 est.)

Airports

Sao Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport. ViewfromAir-SaoPaulo.jpg
São Paulo–Guarulhos International Airport.
Rio de Janeiro-Galeao International Airport. Riodejaneiro aerea aeroportogaleao-131756(cut).jpg
Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport.

The country has the second largest number of airports in the world, behind only the United States. São Paulo/Guarulhos, is the largest and busiest in the country. Brazil has 44 international airports, such as those in Rio de Janeiro, Brasília, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, Florianópolis, Cuiabá, Salvador, Recife, Fortaleza, Belém and Manaus, among others.

Most international flights must go to São Paulo–Guarulhos International Airport or Rio de Janeiro–Galeão International Airport. Belo Horizonte is the main international airport outside Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. A few go to Brasília, Recife, Natal, and just recently Fortaleza has accepted international flights.

In 2013 Brazil had the sixth largest passenger air market in the world. [16]

Airports - with paved runways

Airports - with unpaved runways

Main airlines

Passenger flow between the main airports in Brazil (2001). ARCHELLA E THERY Img 10.png
Passenger flow between the main airports in Brazil (2001).

Heliports

See also

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Guarulhos Municipality in Southeast, Brazil

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Rail transport in Brazil

Rail transport in Brazil began in the 19th century and there were many different railway companies. The railways were nationalised under RFFSA in 1957. Between 1999 and 2007, RFFSA was broken up and services are now operated by a variety of private and public operators, including América Latina Logística, Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos and SuperVia.

Transport in São Paulo

Transport in São Paulo plays a key role in the daily lives of the people of São Paulo and offers various methods of public transport that are offered in the city, including a complex bus system run by SPTrans, and various subway and railway lines. A contactless smartcard is used to pay fares for the buses, subway, and railway systems. São Paulo also has three airports.

Santa Teresa Tram Tramway in Rio de Janeiro

The Santa Teresa Tram, or Tramway, is a historic tram line in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It connects the city centre with the primarily residential, inner-city neighbourhood of Santa Teresa, in the hills immediately southwest of downtown. It is mainly maintained as a tourist attraction and is nowadays considered a heritage tramway system, having been designated a national historic monument in 1985. The line has a very unusual gauge: 1,100 mm. The main line is 6.0 kilometres long.

Empresa de Transportes Aéreos Aerovias Brasil S/A was a Brazilian airline founded in 1942. It was merged into Varig in 1961, when Varig bought the Consórcio Real-Aerovias-Nacional, of which Aerovias Brasil was one of the partners.

High-speed rail in Brazil


The TAV is planned to be Brazil's first planned high-speed rail service. The first line was proposed to run between Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. It was expected to cover the 403 kilometres (250 mi) between Barão de Mauá station, and Campo de Marte Airport in an 85 minutes, reaching a maximum speed of 350 kilometres per hour (220 mph).

Tietê Bus Terminal

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Metre and 3 ft gauge lines are found in South America. Some of the 1,000 mm gauge lines cross international borders, though not as efficiently as they might.

References

  1. "Logistics in Brazil - DHL Logistik". Archived from the original on 2012-07-24.
  2. 1 2 "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-22. Retrieved 2012-09-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. Home page | The world's leading construction web site [ permanent dead link ]
  4. "Travelling in Brazil - Transportation: Air, bus, car..." www.aboutbrasil.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  5. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  6. The World Factbook — Central Intelligence
  7. "INTRODUCTION". www.tramz.com.
  8. "The Tramways of Belém". www.tramz.com.
  9. "The Tramways of Campinas". www.tramz.com.
  10. "Campos do Jordão". www.tramz.com.
  11. "CODESP hydroelectric complex (Brazil)". www.tramz.com.
  12. "THE SANTA TERESA TRAMWAY". www.tramz.com.
  13. "THE SCOTTISH TRAMS OF SANTOS". www.tramz.com.
  14. Anuário CNT do transporte 2018
  15. Port Activity of Latin America and the Caribbean 2018
  16. World Bank Datebase, http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IS.AIR.PSGR