Transport in French Guiana

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Map of French Guiana Guyane map-fr.svg
Map of French Guiana

Transport in French Guiana consists of transport by road, boat, bus, and airplane. There is a railway line within the Guiana Space Centre to transport spacecraft. The road network is mainly concentrated in the coastal region. The interior of Guiana is accessed by plane or boat. There is one main airport, however there are several smaller airstrips in the interior.

Contents

Highways

RN1 near Cayenne RN1cayenne1.JPG
RN1 near Cayenne

As of 2018, there are 440 kilometres of national roads, 408 kilometres of departmental road, and 1,311 kilometres of municipal roads. There is no motorway. [1]

RN1 connects Cayenne with Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni. [2] RN2 connects Cayenne with Saint-Georges. [3]

Following a treaty between France and Brazil signed in July 2005, the Oyapock River Bridge over the Oyapock River was built and completed in 2011, becoming the first land crossing ever between French Guiana and the rest of the world (there is a ferry crossing to Albina, Suriname). The bridge was officially opened on 18 March 2017, however the border post introduction on the Brazilian caused additional delays. [4] As of 2020, it possible to drive uninterrupted from Cayenne to Macapá, the capital of the state of Amapá in Brazil. [5]

RN3 to Dégrad des Cannes, the main harbour, and RN4 to Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport became departmental routes in 2007, and merely retain the name. [6]

There are plans to built a Route nationale from Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni to Maripasoula, [7] however as of 2021, the road ends south of Apatou. [8]

Departmental roads

The most important departmental roads in French Guiana in 2007 are: [9]

NumberStartEndComment
RD1Cayenne Remire-Montjoly Northern route
RD2CayenneRemire-MontjolySouthern route
RD5 Macouria (RN1)RN2Via Montsinéry
RD6 Matoury (RN2) Kaw Via Roura
RD8 Iracoubo (RN1) Mana
RD9ManaSaint-Laurent-du-Maroni (RN1)Via Charvein
RD10 Charvein (RD9) Acarouany
RD11Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni (RN1) Saint-Jean-du-Maroni Continues to Apatou
RD16 Kourou Sinnamary Old route via Guiana Space Centre. RN1 is the main road. RD16 is closed during launches.
RD21Sinnamary (RN1) Saint-Élie Road ends at Petit-Saut Dam, and a 45 minute ferry is needed to Piste de Saint-Elie near Saint-Nazaire. [10]
RD22Mana Awala-Yalimapo
RD24Remire-MontjolyMatoury (RN2)
RD50Régina (RN2) Cacao
RN3Cayenne (RN1) Dégrad des Cannes Downgraded to departmental road
RN4 Sainte-Rose-de-Lima (RN2) Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport Downgraded to departmental road

Railways

The railway in the Guiana Space Centre Ariane 5 launch pad.jpg
The railway in the Guiana Space Centre

A short railway is used within the Guiana Space Centre (this short railway is for transporting spacecraft inside the base to the launch pad, not for passenger use). The railway is double tracked and used by unpowered rail cars (tanker cars, flatcars and launch table transporter platforms fitted with bogies) and are towed by rubber wheeled vehicles with railway wheels or bogies to ride along the rail tracks. [11]

From 1880s to sometime after 1926 a steam narrow gauge railway was used for gold mines in Saint-Elie [12] and two other lines were partially built and never used. [13]

Two prison railways were built in the 1890s. One line connected Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni to Saint-Jean-du-Maroni. Another line went to Charvein. The railway lines were abandoned after prisons closed and disappeared sometime after 1946. [14]

There are no other railways in French Guiana and none have existed for revenue passenger service, and there are no connections to neighbouring countries.

Airports

CASA/IPTN CN-235 taking off from Maripasoula Airport Casa maripasoula.jpg
CASA/IPTN CN-235 taking off from Maripasoula Airport

The main airport of French Guiana is Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport.

The other international airport is Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni Airport. [15]

There are six smaller restricted airports: [16]

In October 2020, the Camopi Airport was upgraded for regular passenger transport. [17]

Public transport

The CACL (Communauté d’Agglomération du Centre Littoral) provides bus service for the urban area of Cayenne and its suburbs. As of 2021, there are six urban bus lines. School transport is also handled by CACL. [18]

Since early 2010, an agreement was established between the General Council, responsible for organizing transport between the towns, and Taxi Co. The new public service became known as TIG (Long Distance Transport of Guyana). [19]

As of 2021, TIG provides nine bus lines to towns outside the urban area of Cayenne. [20]

Harbours

Degrad des Cannes Degrad des cannes quatre.jpg
Degrad des Cannes

The main harbour is Degrad des Cannes. The harbour was built in 1972, and handles all international cargo from and to French Guiana. In 2007, the port handled about 700,000 tonnes of cargo. The port also includes as a marina. [21]

Other harbours include Cayenne, Kourou, Larivot in Matoury, and Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni. [22]

Related Research Articles

Cayenne Capital city of French Guiana

Cayenne is the capital city of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. The city stands on a former island at the mouth of the Cayenne River on the Atlantic coast. The city's motto is "fert aurum industria", which means "work brings wealth".

Air Guyane SP is a French airline with its head office on the grounds of Cayenne-Rochambeau Airport in Matoury, French Guiana, France. It operates regional scheduled flights. Its main base is Cayenne-Rochambeau Airport.

Aluku

The Aluku are a Bushinengue ethnic group living mainly on the riverbank in Maripasoula in southwest French Guiana. The group are sometimes called Boni, referring to the 18th-century leader, Bokilifu Boni.

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni Subprefecture and commune in French Guiana, France

Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni (French pronunciation: ​[sɛ̃ loʁɑ̃ dy maʁɔni] is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is one of the two sub-prefectures of French Guiana and the seat of the Arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni. It is the second most populous city of French Guiana, with 45,576 inhabitants at the January 2018 census.

Saint-Georges, French Guiana Commune in French Guiana, France

Saint-Georges is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. It lies on the Oyapock River, opposite the Brazilian town of Oiapoque. The town contains a town hall, a French Foreign Legion detachment, and some hotels.

Régina Commune in French Guiana, France

Régina is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. With a land area of 12,130 km2 (4,680 sq mi), it is the second-largest commune of France. The town is named after the first merchant who settled in the area.

Arrondissements of the Guyane department

The 2 arrondissements of the Guyane department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Cayenne, with 14 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 176,357 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, with 8 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 92,995 in 2016.
Arrondissement of Cayenne Arrondissement in French Guiana, France

The arrondissement of Cayenne is an arrondissement of France in French Guiana department in French Guiana region. It has 14 communes. Its population is 176,357 (2016), and its area is 42,589 km2 (16,444 sq mi). It is the larger of the two arrondissements in French Guiana.

Arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni Arrondissement in French Guiana, France

The arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is an arrondissement of France in French Guiana department in French Guiana region. It has eight communes. Its population is 92,995 (2016), and its area is 40,945 km2 (15,809 sq mi).

Maripasoula Commune in French Guiana, France

Maripasoula is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America on the northern Atlantic coast. With a land area of 18,360 km2 (7,090 sq mi), Maripasoula is the largest commune of France.

Papaichton Commune in French Guiana, France

Papaichton is a commune in the overseas region and department of French Guiana. The village lies on the shores of the Lawa River. Papaichton is served by the Maripasoula Airport.

Index of French Guiana–related articles Wikipedia index

Articles related to the French overseas department of Guiana(Région Guyane) include:

French Guiana Overseas department of France

French Guiana is an overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity of France on the northern Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas. It borders Brazil to the east and south and Suriname to the west.

Oyapock River Bridge Bridge between Brazil and French Guiana

The Oyapock River Bridge spans the Oyapock River, linking the cities of Oiapoque in Amapá, Brazil and Saint-Georges-de-l'Oyapock in French Guiana, France. The bridge is cable-stayed, with two towers rising to a height of 83 metres (272 ft) and a length of 378 metres (1,240 ft). There are two lanes for vehicles with a total width of 9 metres (30 ft) and a pedestrian sidewalk with a width of 2.50 metres. The vertical clearance under the bridge is 15 metres (49 ft).

COVID-19 pandemic in French Guiana Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in French Guiana, France

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the French overseas department and region of French Guiana. The first five cases were found on 4 March and the first death was announced on 20 April 2020. On 30 April, the territory was green listed, because the pandemic appeared to be under control except for St-Georges de l'Oyapock. In June, the virus started circulating all over the territory.

Sainte-Rose-de-Lima, French Guiana Village in French Guiana, France

Sainte-Rose-de-Lima is a village of Lokono Amerindians in the commune of Matoury in French Guiana. The village is located on the RN2 near Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport. It is the largest settlement of Lokono in French Guiana.

Route nationale 1 (French Guiana)

Route nationale 1 (RN1) is a highway in French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France in South America. The highway connects Cayenne with Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni and measures 258 kilometres (160 mi). The highway is the busiest road of French Guiana.

Route nationale 2 (French Guiana)

Route nationale 2 (RN2) is a highway in French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France in South America. The highway connects Cayenne with Saint-Georges and measures 185 kilometres (115 mi). The highway provides a direct connection to Brazil.

References

  1. "Document Général d'Orientations Guyane 2018-2022" (PDF). PRÉFET DE LA RÉGION GUYANE (in French). Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  2. Ministère de l'Écologie, du Développement durable, des Transports et du Logement (2010). "La sécurité routière en Guyane" (PDF) (in French). Retrieved 19 March 2021.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. "Saint-Georges". Maires 973 (in French). Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  4. "Ponte entre Brasil e União Europeia é aberta no Amapá após 6 anos pronta". Amapá (in Portuguese). 2017-03-18. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  5. "Le pont de l'Oyapock inauguré et officiellement ouvert à la circulation". Guyane la 1ère (in French). Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  6. "Le réseau routier national de la Guyane". DGTM Guyane (in French). Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  7. "Route de l'intérieur : de rendez-vous manqués en promesses non tenues". Guyane, le Première (in French). 5 May 2018. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  8. "La route d'Apatou raccommodée". Guyane la Première (in French). Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  9. "Réseau routier départemental". CG973.fr via Archive.org (in French). 2007. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  10. "La barrière de la discorde à Saint-Elie". France TV Info (in French). Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  11. http://www.internationalsteam.co.uk/trains/frenchguiana04.htm
  12. http://www.internationalsteam.co.uk/trains/frenchguiana03.htm
  13. http://www.internationalsteam.co.uk/trains/frenchguiana02.htm
  14. http://www.internationalsteam.co.uk/trains/frenchguiana02.htm
  15. "French Guiana". Airport Code (in French). Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  16. "Find all airports worldwide". Airport Code (in French). Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  17. "La piste d'atterrissage de Camopi déclarée conforme : les travaux ont coûté 750 000 euros". 21 March 2021 (in French).
  18. "Transports". City of Cayenne (in French). Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  19. "Transport Iterurbain de la Guyane (TIG)". CG973 via Archive.org (in French). 2010. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  20. "L'avis du Petit Futé sur TIG (TRANSPORT INTERURBAIN GUYANAIS)". Petit Futé (in French). Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  21. "Port of Degrad des Cannes". World Port Source. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
  22. "French Guiana". World Port Source. Retrieved 21 March 2021.