Transport in French Guiana consists of transport by road, boat, bus, and airplane. There is a railway line within the Guiana Space Centre to transport spacecraft. The road network is mainly concentrated in the coastal region. The interior of Guiana is accessed by plane or boat. There is one main airport, however there are several smaller airstrips in the interior.
As of 2018, there are 440 kilometres of national roads, 408 kilometres of departmental road, and 1,311 kilometres of municipal roads. There is no motorway.
RN1 connects Cayenne with Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni.RN2 connects Cayenne with Saint-Georges.
Following a treaty between France and Brazil signed in July 2005, the Oyapock River Bridge over the Oyapock River was built and completed in 2011, becoming the first land crossing ever between French Guiana and the rest of the world (there is a ferry crossing to Albina, Suriname). The bridge was officially opened on 18 March 2017, however the border post introduction on the Brazilian caused additional delays.As of 2020, it possible to drive uninterrupted from Cayenne to Macapá, the capital of the state of Amapá in Brazil.
RN3 to Dégrad des Cannes, the main harbour, and RN4 to Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport became departmental routes in 2007, and merely retain the name.
There are plans to built a Route nationale from Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni to Maripasoula,however as of 2021, the road ends south of Apatou.
The most important departmental roads in French Guiana in 2007 are:
|RD5||Macouria (RN1)||RN2||Via Montsinéry|
|RD6||Matoury (RN2)||Kaw||Via Roura|
|RD9||Mana||Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni (RN1)||Via Charvein|
|RD11||Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni (RN1)||Saint-Jean-du-Maroni||Continues to Apatou|
|RD16||Kourou||Sinnamary||Old route via Guiana Space Centre. RN1 is the main road. RD16 is closed during launches.|
|RD21||Sinnamary (RN1)||Saint-Élie||Road ends at Petit-Saut Dam, and a 45 minute ferry is needed to Piste de Saint-Elie near Saint-Nazaire.|
|RN3||Cayenne (RN1)||Dégrad des Cannes||Downgraded to departmental road|
|RN4||Sainte-Rose-de-Lima (RN2)||Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport||Downgraded to departmental road|
A short railway is used within the Guiana Space Centre (this short railway is for transporting spacecraft inside the base to the launch pad, not for passenger use). The railway is double tracked and used by unpowered rail cars (tanker cars, flatcars and launch table transporter platforms fitted with bogies) and are towed by rubber wheeled vehicles with railway wheels or bogies to ride along the rail tracks.
From 1880s to sometime after 1926 a steam narrow gauge railway was used for gold mines in Saint-Elieand two other lines were partially built and never used.
Two prison railways were built in the 1890s. One line connected Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni to Saint-Jean-du-Maroni. Another line went to Charvein. The railway lines were abandoned after prisons closed and disappeared sometime after 1946.
There are no other railways in French Guiana and none have existed for revenue passenger service, and there are no connections to neighbouring countries.
The main airport of French Guiana is Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport.
The other international airport is Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni Airport.
There are six smaller restricted airports:
In October 2020, the Camopi Airport was upgraded for regular passenger transport.
The CACL (Communauté d’Agglomération du Centre Littoral) provides bus service for the urban area of Cayenne and its suburbs. As of 2021, there are six urban bus lines. School transport is also handled by CACL.
Since early 2010, an agreement was established between the General Council, responsible for organizing transport between the towns, and Taxi Co. The new public service became known as TIG (Long Distance Transport of Guyana).
As of 2021, TIG provides nine bus lines to towns outside the urban area of Cayenne.
The main harbour is Degrad des Cannes. The harbour was built in 1972, and handles all international cargo from and to French Guiana. In 2007, the port handled about 700,000 tonnes of cargo. The port also includes as a marina.
Other harbours include Cayenne, Kourou, Larivot in Matoury, and Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni.
Cayenne is the capital city of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. The city stands on a former island at the mouth of the Cayenne River on the Atlantic coast. The city's motto is "fert aurum industria", which means "work brings wealth".
Air Guyane SP is a French airline with its head office on the grounds of Cayenne-Rochambeau Airport in Matoury, French Guiana, France. It operates regional scheduled flights. Its main base is Cayenne-Rochambeau Airport.
The Aluku are a Bushinengue ethnic group living mainly on the riverbank in Maripasoula in southwest French Guiana. The group are sometimes called Boni, referring to the 18th-century leader, Bokilifu Boni.
Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni (French pronunciation: [sɛ̃ loʁɑ̃ dy maʁɔni] is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is one of the two sub-prefectures of French Guiana and the seat of the Arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni. It is the second most populous city of French Guiana, with 45,576 inhabitants at the January 2018 census.
Saint-Georges is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. It lies on the Oyapock River, opposite the Brazilian town of Oiapoque. The town contains a town hall, a French Foreign Legion detachment, and some hotels.
Régina is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America. With a land area of 12,130 km2 (4,680 sq mi), it is the second-largest commune of France. The town is named after the first merchant who settled in the area.
The 2 arrondissements of the Guyane department are:
The arrondissement of Cayenne is an arrondissement of France in French Guiana department in French Guiana region. It has 14 communes. Its population is 176,357 (2016), and its area is 42,589 km2 (16,444 sq mi). It is the larger of the two arrondissements in French Guiana.
The arrondissement of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni is an arrondissement of France in French Guiana department in French Guiana region. It has eight communes. Its population is 92,995 (2016), and its area is 40,945 km2 (15,809 sq mi).
Maripasoula is a commune of French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France located in South America on the northern Atlantic coast. With a land area of 18,360 km2 (7,090 sq mi), Maripasoula is the largest commune of France.
Papaichton is a commune in the overseas region and department of French Guiana. The village lies on the shores of the Lawa River. Papaichton is served by the Maripasoula Airport.
Articles related to the French overseas department of Guiana(Région Guyane) include:
French Guiana is an overseas department/region and single territorial collectivity of France on the northern Atlantic coast of South America in the Guianas. It borders Brazil to the east and south and Suriname to the west.
The Oyapock River Bridge spans the Oyapock River, linking the cities of Oiapoque in Amapá, Brazil and Saint-Georges-de-l'Oyapock in French Guiana, France. The bridge is cable-stayed, with two towers rising to a height of 83 metres (272 ft) and a length of 378 metres (1,240 ft). There are two lanes for vehicles with a total width of 9 metres (30 ft) and a pedestrian sidewalk with a width of 2.50 metres. The vertical clearance under the bridge is 15 metres (49 ft).
The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the French overseas department and region of French Guiana. The first five cases were found on 4 March and the first death was announced on 20 April 2020. On 30 April, the territory was green listed, because the pandemic appeared to be under control except for St-Georges de l'Oyapock. In June, the virus started circulating all over the territory.
Sainte-Rose-de-Lima is a village of Lokono Amerindians in the commune of Matoury in French Guiana. The village is located on the RN2 near Cayenne – Félix Eboué Airport. It is the largest settlement of Lokono in French Guiana.
Route nationale 1 (RN1) is a highway in French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France in South America. The highway connects Cayenne with Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni and measures 258 kilometres (160 mi). The highway is the busiest road of French Guiana.
Route nationale 2 (RN2) is a highway in French Guiana, an overseas region and department of France in South America. The highway connects Cayenne with Saint-Georges and measures 185 kilometres (115 mi). The highway provides a direct connection to Brazil.
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