Timeline of Brazilian economic stabilization plans

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The following is a timeline of the Brazilian economic stabilization plans in the "new Republic" (post-military dictatorship) era, a period characterized by intense inflation of the local currency, exceeding 2,700% in the period of 1989 to 1990.

This period was marked by intense economic experimentation (including many forms of economic heterodox shocks) and, as a whole, comprises a unique case study on macroeconomics.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Politics of Brazil</span> Political system of Brazil

The politics of Brazil take place in a framework of a federal presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. The political and administrative organization of Brazil comprises the federal government, the 26 states and a federal district, and the municipalities.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fernando Collor de Mello</span> President of Brazil from 1990 to 1992

Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello is a Brazilian politician who served as the 32nd president of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he resigned in a failed attempt to stop his impeachment trial by the Brazilian Senate. Collor was the first President democratically elected after the end of the Brazilian military dictatorship. He became the youngest president in Brazilian history, taking office at the age of 40. After he resigned from the presidency, the impeachment trial on charges of corruption continued. Collor was found guilty by the Senate and disqualified from holding elected office for eight years (1992–2000). He was later acquitted of ordinary criminal charges in his judicial trial before Brazil's Supreme Federal Court, for lack of valid evidence.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">José Sarney</span> President of Brazil from 1985 to 1990

José Sarney de Araújo Costa is a Brazilian politician, lawyer, and writer who served as 31st president of Brazil from 1985 to 1990. He briefly served as the 20th vice president of Brazil for a month between April and May 1985.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Itamar Franco</span> President of Brazil from 1992 to 1994

Itamar Augusto Cautiero Franco was a Brazilian politician who served as the 33rd president of Brazil from 29 December 1992 to 31 December 1994. Previously, he was the 21st vice president of Brazil from 1990 until the resignation of President Fernando Collor de Mello. During his long political career Franco also served as Senator, Mayor, Ambassador and Governor. At the time of his death he was a senator from Minas Gerais, having won the seat in the 2010 election.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of Brazil (1985–present)</span> Aspect of history

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Plano Collor</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zélia Cardoso de Mello</span> Brazilian politician

Zélia Maria Cardoso de Mello served as Brazil's Minister of Economy from 1990 to 1991 under Fernando Collor de Mello. She was later married to Brazilian comedian Chico Anysio, with whom she has two children, Rodrigo and Victoria. The couple divorced in 1998.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brazilian cruzado novo</span>

The Cruzado Novo was the short-lived currency of Brazil between 15 January 1989 and 15 March 1990. It replaced the cruzado in the rate of 1000 cruzados = 1 cruzado novo. It had the symbol and the ISO 4217 code BRN. In 1990, the cruzado novo was renamed the (third) cruzeiro. This currency was subdivided in 100 centavos.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1989 Brazilian presidential election</span>

Presidential elections were held in Brazil in 1989, with the first round on November 15 and a second round on December 17. They were the first direct presidential elections since 1960, the first to be held using a two-round system and the first to take place under the 1988 constitution, which followed two decades of authoritarian rule after the 1964 Brazilian coup d'état.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1994 Brazilian general election</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hyperinflation in Brazil</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maílson da Nóbrega</span> Economist

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">1989 in Brazil</span> Brazil-related events during the year of 1989

The following lists events that happened in the year 1989 in Brazil.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maria da Conceição Tavares</span> Brazilian economist (born 1930)

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira</span>

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira is a Brazilian economist and social scientist. He teaches at the Getulio Vargas Foundation, in São Paulo. Since 1981, he has been the editor of the Brazilian Journal of Political Economy.

Dilson Domingos Funaro was a Brazilian businessman and politician, owner of the toy company Indústria de Brinquedos Trol. He was also CEO of the Brazilian Development Bank and later Finance Minister of Brazil during the term of President José Sarney, from August 1985 to April 1987. During his tenure as Finance Minister he was responsible for the creation of a plan for the stabilization of Brazil's monetary policy, the Plano Cruzado. He also was responsible for the unilateral suspension of payments on the Brazilian Republic's external debt to foreign financial institutions, which was implemented on February 20, 1987. With Brazil's financial crisis continuing with seemingly no solution on the horizon, Funaro was asked to resign from his post just a few months later.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Banknotes of the Brazilian cruzado</span> Currency of Brazilians

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Brazilian cruzeiro (1990–1993)</span> Brazilian currency from 1990 to 1993

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Presidency of Collor de Mello</span> Government of the 32nd President of Brazil

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Presidency of José Sarney</span> Period in Brazilian political history.

The presidency of José Sarney, also called the José Sarney government was a period in Brazilian political history that corresponds to José Ribamar Ferreira Araújo da Costa Sarney's first mandate as President of the Republic until his succession by Fernando Collor. Sarney took over the position on an interim basis after Tancredo Neves was hospitalized, and definitively on April 21, 1985, with his death, when Sarney became the first civilian president after more than twenty years of military dictatorship in Brazil.


  1. Villela, Anibal. The Collor Plan and the Industrial and Foreign Trade Policy Archived 2011-05-19 at the Wayback Machine . Institute of Applied Economic Research. 1997. Retrieved September 8, 2007.
  2. "How Fake Money Saved Brazil".