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Dionisio de Herrera
|Head of State of Honduras|
|Preceded by||office created|
|Succeeded by||JoséJusto Milla|
|Head of State of Nicaragua|
|Preceded by||Juan Espinosa|
|Succeeded by||Benito Morales|
|Born||9 October 1781|
|Died||13 June 1850 68) (aged|
San Vicente,El Salvador
|Political party||Liberal Party|
JoséDionisio de la Trinidad de Herrera y Díaz del Valle (9 October 1781 in Choluteca,Honduras – 13 June 1850 in San Vicente,El Salvador) was a Liberal Honduran politician,head of state of Honduras from 1824 to 1827 and head of state of Nicaragua from 1830 to 1833. During his terms,Honduras and Nicaragua were states within the Federal Republic of Central America. Herrera was an uncle of the Liberal Central American general Francisco Morazán.
From a land-owning family,Herrera studied at the University of San Carlos of Guatemala,where he earned a law degree  and came in contact with the liberal ideas of the French Revolution. He was a tutor of his nephew,General Morazán.
In 1820 he occupied his first public office,as secretary of the town government of Tegucigalpa. On 16 September 1824 he became the first head of state of Honduras,after the independence of Central America from Spain and from Mexico. Colonel JoséJusto Milla was his vice-head of state. During his term he decreed the first territorial subdivisions of Honduras,creating the departments of Comayagua,Tegucigalpa,Santa Bárbara,Yoro,Olancho and Choluteca (department). He also promulgated the first constitution of the country (state),on 11 December 1825.
The government of Herrera was overthrown on May 10,1827 in a coup d'état led by Colonel Milla and aided by Honduran Conservatives. Herrera was sent as a prisoner to Guatemala,where he remained until 1829.
Thereafter he was elected head of state of Nicaragua,taking office on 12 May 1830. He exercised this office until November 1833,relying on the support of General Morazán. He tried to implement various Liberal reforms,but unsuccessfully,due to the opposition of the clergy. In 1835 he was elected head of state of El Salvador,but he declined the office. In 1838 he retired from politics,working as a teacher in the city of San Vicente,El Salvador. He remained there until his death in 1850.
The Federal Republic of Central America, originally named the United Provinces of Central America, and sometimes simply called Central America, in its first year of creation, was a sovereign state in Central America that consisted of the territories of the former Captaincy General of Guatemala of New Spain. It existed from July 1823 to February 1841 as a democratic republic.
Comayagua is a city, municipality and old capital of Honduras, located 80 km (50 mi) northwest of Tegucigalpa on the highway to San Pedro Sula and 594 m (1,949 ft) above sea level.
José Francisco Morazán Quesada was a Central American politician who served as president of the Federal Republic of Central America from 1830 to 1839. Before he was president of Central America he was the head of state of Honduras. He rose to prominence at the Battle of La Trinidad on November 11, 1827. Morazán then dominated the political and military scene of Central America until his execution in 1842.
José Cecilio Díaz del Valle was a philosopher, politician, lawyer, and journalist and one of the most important figures in Central America during the transition from colonial government to independence, displaying a wide-ranging expertise in public administration management.
Manuel José Arce y Fagoaga was a decorated salvadoran General and president of the Federal Republic of Central America from 1825 to 1829, followed by Francisco Morazán.
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José Rafael Carrera y Turcios was the president of Guatemala from 1844 to 1848 and from 1851 until his death in 1865, after being appointed President for life in 1854. During his military career and presidency, new nations in Central America were facing numerous problems: William Walker's invasions, liberal attempts to overthrow the Catholic Church and aristocrats' power, the Civil War in the United States, Mayan uprising in the east, Belize boundary dispute with the United Kingdom, and the wars in Mexico under Benito Juarez. This led to a rise of caudillos, a term that refers to charismatic populist leaders among the indigenous people.
Juan Nepomuceno Fernández Lindo y Zelaya was a Conservative Central American politician, provisional president of the Republic of El Salvador from 1841 to 1842 and of the Republic of Honduras from 1847 to 1852.
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Tomás Valladares was a Nicaraguan politician and military officer who served as acting Supreme Director of Nicaragua from November 7, 1839 to September 21, 1840. His son was Juan de la Cruz Valladares.
Choluteca is a municipality and the capital city of the Honduran department of the same name. Situated in southern Honduras between El Salvador and Nicaragua, the city is generally considered the regional centre of southern Honduras and is a major transit point on the Pan-American Highway. It has a major bus station and is home to the regional light (ENEE) and water (SANAA) utilities. The city is located on the Choluteca River, near the centre of the department. An arching silver bridge crosses the river into the city.
Diego Vigil y Cocaña was a Central American politician. He was the last president of the Federal Republic of Central America (1839–40), during its disintegration. He was also chief of state of the federal states of Honduras (1829) and El Salvador.
Mariano Prado Baca was a Central American lawyer and a four-time, liberal chief of state of El Salvador, while it was a state in the Federal Republic of Central America.
Licenciado José María Silva was a Liberal Salvadoran politician. He was twice briefly chief of state of the State of El Salvador, within the Federal Republic of Central America.
Timoteo Menéndez was a Salvadoran politician who served twice as head of state of El Salvador when it was a state within the Federal Republic of Central America.
Hondurans are the citizens of Honduras. Most Hondurans live in Honduras, although there is also a significant Honduran diaspora, particularly in the United States, Spain, and many smaller communities in other countries around the world.
Ramón Rosa Soto was a prominent lawyer, journalist, politician and liberal writer of the second half of the nineteenth century. He was the ideologue of educational changes of Liberal Reform in Guatemala and then in Honduras. He served as Principal Minister during the rule of his cousin, Dr. Marco Aurelio Soto and was associated with Soto's mining investments.
The 1827 Honduran coup d'état was a military takeover of the Honduran government under Dionisio de Herrera, initiated on April 4 by the then Lieutenant General José Justo Milla.
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