Buddhism in Central America

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Buddhism is practiced throughout Central America . Buddhism's presence in the region was primarily driven by the presence of Chinese immigrant workers during the early 19th century. Presently, Buddhism in the region is primarily of the Mahayana and Vajrayana schools, with many countries in the region having several Buddhist temples, schools, and meditation centers. [1]

Buddhism World religion, founded by the Buddha

Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists. Buddhism encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism originated in ancient India as a Sramana tradition sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, spreading through much of Asia. Two major extant branches of Buddhism are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada and Mahayana.

Central America central geographic region of the Americas

Central America is located on the southern tip of North America, or is sometimes defined as a subcontinent of the Americas, bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The combined population of Central America has been estimated to be 41,739,000 and 42,688,190.

Mahayana branch of Buddhism

Mahāyāna is one of two main existing branches of Buddhism and a term for classification of Buddhist philosophies and practice. This movement added a further set of discourses, and although it was initially small in India, it had long-term historical significance. The Buddhist tradition of Vajrayana is sometimes classified as a part of Mahāyāna Buddhism, but some scholars consider it to be a different branch altogether.

Buddhist percentage by country

Buddhism by country in the Central America
National flagCountryPopulation(2007E)% of BuddhistsBuddhist total
Flag of Belize.svg Belize 294,3850.35% [2] 1,030
Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica 4,133,8842.34% [3] 96,733
Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador 7,076,5980.1% [4] 7,076
Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala 12,728,1110.1% [5] 12,728
Flag of Honduras.svg Honduras 7,483,7630.1% [6] 7,484
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua 5,675,3560.1% [7] 5,675
Flag of Panama.svg Panama 3,242,1730.1%100
Total40,634,2700.489%198,812

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