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The following sortable table comprises the 23 ultra-prominent summits of Central America . Each of these peaks has at least 1500 meters (4921 feet) of topographic prominence. This article defines Central America as the seven nations of Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panamá.
An ultra-prominent peak, or Ultra for short, is a mountain summit with a topographic prominence of 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) or more; it is also called a P1500. There are approximately 1,524 such peaks on Earth. Some well-known peaks, such as the Matterhorn and Eiger, are not Ultras because they are connected to higher mountains by high cols and therefore do not achieve enough topographic prominence.
Central America is located on the southern tip of North America, or is sometimes defined as a subcontinent of the Americas, bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The combined population of Central America has been estimated to be 41,739,000 and 42,688,190.
In topography, prominence measures the height of a mountain or hill's summit relative to the lowest contour line encircling it but containing no higher summit within it. It is a measure of the independence of a summit. A peak's key col is a unique point on this contour line and the parent peak is some higher mountain, selected according to various objective criteria.
The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:
A summit is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. The topographic terms acme, apex, peak, and zenith are synonymous.
Of these 23 ultra-prominent summits of Central America, eight are located in Honduras, six in Guatemala, four in El Salvador, three in Costa Rica, two in Nicaragua, and one in Panamá. Cerro El Pital straddles the border between El Salvador and Honduras.
|Rank||Mountain Peak||Nation||Mountain Range||Elevation||Prominence||Isolation||Location|
|1||Volcán Tajumulco||Sierra de las Nubes||4220 m|
|2|| Chirripó Grande |
|Cordillera de Talamanca||3819 m|
|3||Montaña de Santa Bárbara||Santa Bárbara||2744 m|
|4||Cerro Las Minas||Sierra de las Nubes||2849 m|
|5||Volcán de Agua||Escuintla||3761 m|
|6||Volcán Irazú||Cordillera Central, Costa Rica||3432 m|
|7||Alto Cuchumatanes||Huehuetenango||3837 m|
|8||Montañas Peña Blanca||Sierra Madre de Chiapas||3518 m|
|9||Volcán Acatenango||Chimaltenango||3975 m|
|10||Volcán San Miguel||Sierra Madre de Chiapas||2131 m|
|11||Cerro Tacarcuna||Darién||1875 m|
|12||Volcán Atitlán||Sierra Madre de Chiapas||3537 m|
|13||Pico Bonito||Cordillera Nombre de Dios||2450 m|
|14||Montaña San Ildefonso||Cortés||2242 m|
|15||Volcán San Cristóbal||Cordillera Los Maribios||1745 m|
|16||Volcán de Santa Ana||Sierra Madre de Chiapas||2362 m|
|17||Volcán Concepción||Rivas||1610 m|
|18||Pico Pijol||Yoro||2320 m|
|19||Volcán de San Vicente||Sierra Madre de Chiapas||2182 m|
|20||Cerro El Pital||Sierra de las Nubes||2730 m|
|21||Volcán Miravalles||Cordillera de Guanacaste||2028 m|
|22||Montaña los Comayagua||Comayagua||2407 m|
|23||Sierra de Agalta high point||Sierra de Agalta||2335 m|
Volcán Tajumulco is a large stratovolcano in the department of San Marcos in western Guatemala. It is the highest mountain in Central America at 4,202 metres (13,786 ft). It is part of the mountain range of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, which begins in Mexico's southernmost state of Chiapas.
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala, is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an estimated population of around 16.6 million, it is the most populated country in Central America. Guatemala is a representative democracy; its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.
Costa Rica, officially the Republic of Costa Rica, is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around 5 million in a land area of 51,060 square kilometers. An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José with around 2 million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.
This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaks of Canada.
Physical geography is one of the two major sub-fields of geography. Physical geography is the branch of natural science which deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment like the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere, as opposed to the cultural or built environment, the domain of human geography.
Mount Chirripó is the highest mountain in Costa Rica with an elevation of 3,821 meters. It is located in Chirripó National Park and is noted for its ecological wealth. The mountain was named "Chirripo," meaning "land of eternal waters", by native Americans because there are many lakes and streams around the mountain. The high peaks in Chirripó National Park and La Amistad International Park host important areas of Talamancan montane forest and Costa Rican Páramo with high endemism and an extremely high biodiversity. The peaks of these mountains constitute sky islands for many species of plants and animals. Snow has not fallen on the peak in the past 100 years or so, according to the University of Costa Rica, but hail is sometimes reported.