List of extreme summits of Central America

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This article comprises four sortable tables of mountain summits of Central America that are the higher than any other point north or south of their latitude or east or west their longitude in the region.

Summit A point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it, in topography

A summit is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. The topographic terms acme, apex, peak, and zenith are synonymous.

Central America central geographic region of the Americas

Central America is located on the southern tip of North America, or is sometimes defined as a subcontinent of the Americas, bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The combined population of Central America has been estimated to be 41,739,000 and 42,688,190.

Elevation Height of a geographic location above a fixed reference point

The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface . The term elevation is mainly used when referring to points on the Earth's surface, while altitude or geopotential height is used for points above the surface, such as an aircraft in flight or a spacecraft in orbit, and depth is used for points below the surface.

Contents

The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

  1. The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level. [1]
  2. The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings. [2] [3] [1]
  3. The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation. [4]

Northernmost high summits

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Southernmost high summits

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Easternmost high summits

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Westernmost high summits

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Volcán Tacaná and Volcán Tajumulco are the two highest summits of Central America.

Volcán Tacaná mountain in Guatemala

The volcano Tacaná is the second highest peak in Central America at 4,060 metres (13,320 ft), located in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas of northern Guatemala and southern Mexico. It is also known in Mexico as Volcán Tacina.

Volcán Tajumulco stratovolcano in Guatemala

Volcán Tajumulco is a large stratovolcano in the department of San Marcos in western Guatemala. It is the highest mountain in Central America at 4,202 metres (13,786 ft). It is part of the mountain range of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, which begins in Mexico's southernmost state of Chiapas.

Guatemala Republic in Central America

Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala, is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an estimated population of around 16.6 million, it is the most populated country in Central America. Guatemala is a representative democracy; its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.

See also

Mountain peaks of Canada Wikimedia list article

This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaks of Canada.

Physical geography The study of processes and patterns in the natural environment

Physical geography is one of the two major sub-fields of geography. Physical geography is the branch of natural science which deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment like the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere, as opposed to the cultural or built environment, the domain of human geography.

References

  1. 1 2 If the elevation or prominence of a summit is calculated as a range of values, the arithmetic mean is shown.
  2. The topographic prominence of a summit is the topographic elevation difference between the summit and its highest or key col to a higher summit. The summit may be near its key col or quite far away. The key col for Denali in Alaska is the Isthmus of Rivas in Nicaragua, 7642 kilometers (4749 miles) away.
  3. This article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least 100 meters (328.1 feet) of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence. All summits in this article have at least 500 meters of topographic prominence. An ultra-prominent summit is a summit with at least 1500 meters (4921 feet) of topographic prominence.
  4. The topographic isolation of a summit is the great-circle distance to its nearest point of equal elevation.
  5. The summit of Doyle's Delight is the highest point of Belize and the Yucatán Peninsula.
  6. Doyle's Delight is the northernmost 1000-meter (3281-foot) summit of Central America.
  7. "Doyle's Delight". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  8. Pico Bonito is the northernmost 2000-meter (6562-foot) summit of Central America.
  9. "Pico Bonito". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  10. Alto Cuchumatanes is the northernmost 3000-meter (9843-foot) summit of Central America.
  11. "Alto Cuchumatanes". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  12. 1 2 Volcán Tacaná on the international border with Guatemala is the highest point of Estado Libre y Soberano de Chiapas.
  13. 1 2 "Volcán Tacaná". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  14. 1 2 "Volcán Tacaná". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  15. 1 2 3 4 The summit of Volcán Tajumulco is the highest point of the Sierra de las Nubes, the Republic of Guatemala, and all of Central America.
  16. 1 2 3 4 Volcán Tajumulco is the southernmost and easternmost 4000-meter (13,123-foot) summit of greater North America.
  17. 1 2 3 4 "Volcán Tajumulco". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  18. Cerro Hoya is the southernmost 1000-meter (3281-foot) summit of Central America and greater North America.
  19. "Cerro Hoya". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  20. 1 2 Cerro Tacarcuna is the southernmost ultra-prominent summit of Central America and greater North America.
  21. 1 2 "Cerro Tacarcuna". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  22. 1 2 The summit of Volcán Barú is the highest point of the Republic of Panama.
  23. 1 2 Volcán Barú is the southernmost 3000-meter (9843-foot) summit of Central America and greater North America.
  24. 1 2 "Volcán Barú". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  25. 1 2 The summit of Chirripó Grande is the highest point of the Republic of Costa Rica.
  26. 1 2 Chirripó Grande is the southernmost and easternmost summit of its elevation in Central America and greater North America.
  27. 1 2 "Chirripó Grande". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  28. 1 2 Volcán Acatenango is the southernmost and easternmost summit of its elevation in Central America and greater North America.
  29. 1 2 "Volcán Acatenango". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.

Coordinates: 15°02′35″N91°54′13″W / 15.0430°N 91.9037°W / 15.0430; -91.9037 (Volcán Tajumulco)