List of extreme summits of Central America

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This article comprises four sortable tables of mountain summits of Central America that are the higher than any other point north or south of their latitude or east or west their longitude in the region.

Contents

The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

  1. The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level. [1]
  2. The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings. [2] [3] [1]
  3. The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation. [4]

Northernmost high summits

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The northernmost summits of their elevation in Central America

Rank Mountain Peak Country Mountain range Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
5 Doyle's Delight [5] [lower-alpha 1] [lower-alpha 2] Flag of Belize.svg  Belize Yucatán Peninsula 1174 m
3,852 ft
500 m
1,640 ft
138.3 km
85.9 mi
16°29′39″N89°02′44″W / 16.4941°N 89.0456°W / 16.4941; -89.0456 (Doyle's Delight)
4 Pico Bonito [6] [lower-alpha 3] Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras Cordillera Nombre de Dios 2450 m
8,038 ft
1710 m
5,610 ft
151 km
93.8 mi
15°33′27″N86°52′32″W / 15.5575°N 86.8756°W / 15.5575; -86.8756 (Pico Bonito)
3 Alto Cuchumatanes [7] [lower-alpha 4] Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Huehuetenango 3837 m
12,589 ft
1877 m
6,158 ft
65.2 km
40.5 mi
15°31′06″N91°32′40″W / 15.5182°N 91.5445°W / 15.5182; -91.5445 (Alto Cuchumatanes)
2 Volcán Tacaná [8] [9] [lower-alpha 5] Flag of Chiapas.svg  Chiapas
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
Sierra de Istatan 4067 m
13,343 ft
1037 m
3,402 ft
24.1 km
14.99 mi
15°07′56″N92°06′30″W / 15.1323°N 92.1084°W / 15.1323; -92.1084 (Volcán Tacaná)
1 Volcán Tajumulco [10] [lower-alpha 6] [lower-alpha 7] Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Sierra de las Nubes 4220 m
13,845 ft
3990 m
13,091 ft
722 km
448 mi
15°02′35″N91°54′13″W / 15.0430°N 91.9037°W / 15.0430; -91.9037 (Volcán Tajumulco)

Southernmost high summits

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The southernmost summits of their elevation in Central America

Rank Mountain Peak Country Mountain range Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
6 Cerro Hoya [11] [lower-alpha 8] Flag of Panama.svg  Panama Azuero Peninsula 1559 m
5,115 ft
500 m
1,640 ft
135.7 km
84.3 mi
7°19′04″N80°40′52″W / 7.3179°N 80.6810°W / 7.3179; -80.6810 (Cerro Hoya)
5 Cerro Tacarcuna [12] [lower-alpha 9] Flag of Panama.svg  Panama Darién 1875 m
6,152 ft
1770 m
5,807 ft
174.4 km
108.3 mi
8°09′57″N77°17′45″W / 8.1659°N 77.2959°W / 8.1659; -77.2959 (Cerro Tacarcuna)
4 Volcán Barú [13] [lower-alpha 10] [lower-alpha 11] Flag of Panama.svg  Panama Chiriquí 3474 m
11,398 ft
1324 m
4,344 ft
74.2 km
46.1 mi
8°48′32″N82°32′34″W / 8.8088°N 82.5427°W / 8.8088; -82.5427 (Volcán Barú)
3 Chirripó Grande [14] [lower-alpha 12] [lower-alpha 13]
(Cerro Chirripó)
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Cordillera de Talamanca 3819 m
12,530 ft
3755 m
12,320 ft
878 km
546 mi
9°29′03″N83°29′20″W / 9.4843°N 83.4889°W / 9.4843; -83.4889 (Chirripó Grande)
2 Volcán Acatenango [15] [lower-alpha 14] Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Chimaltenango 3975 m
13,041 ft
1835 m
6,020 ft
125.9 km
78.2 mi
14°30′06″N90°52′32″W / 14.5016°N 90.8755°W / 14.5016; -90.8755 (Volcán Acatenango)
1 Volcán Tajumulco [10] [lower-alpha 6] [lower-alpha 7] Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Sierra de las Nubes 4220 m
13,845 ft
3990 m
13,091 ft
722 km
448 mi
15°02′35″N91°54′13″W / 15.0430°N 91.9037°W / 15.0430; -91.9037 (Volcán Tajumulco)

Easternmost high summits

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The easternmost summits of their elevation in Central America

Rank Mountain Peak Country Mountain range Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
5 Cerro Tacarcuna [12] [lower-alpha 9] Flag of Panama.svg  Panama Darién 1875 m
6,152 ft
1770 m
5,807 ft
174.4 km
108.3 mi
8°09′57″N77°17′45″W / 8.1659°N 77.2959°W / 8.1659; -77.2959 (Cerro Tacarcuna)
4 Volcán Barú [13] [lower-alpha 10] [lower-alpha 11] Flag of Panama.svg  Panama Chiriquí 3474 m
11,398 ft
1324 m
4,344 ft
74.2 km
46.1 mi
8°48′32″N82°32′34″W / 8.8088°N 82.5427°W / 8.8088; -82.5427 (Volcán Barú)
3 Chirripó Grande [14] [lower-alpha 12] [lower-alpha 13]
(Cerro Chirripó)
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Cordillera de Talamanca 3819 m
12,530 ft
3755 m
12,320 ft
878 km
546 mi
9°29′03″N83°29′20″W / 9.4843°N 83.4889°W / 9.4843; -83.4889 (Chirripó Grande)
2 Volcán Acatenango [15] [lower-alpha 14] Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Chimaltenango 3975 m
13,041 ft
1835 m
6,020 ft
125.9 km
78.2 mi
14°30′06″N90°52′32″W / 14.5016°N 90.8755°W / 14.5016; -90.8755 (Volcán Acatenango)
1 Volcán Tajumulco [10] [lower-alpha 6] [lower-alpha 7] Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Sierra de las Nubes 4220 m
13,845 ft
3990 m
13,091 ft
722 km
448 mi
15°02′35″N91°54′13″W / 15.0430°N 91.9037°W / 15.0430; -91.9037 (Volcán Tajumulco)

Westernmost high summits

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Volcán Tacaná and Volcán Tajumulco are the two highest summits of Central America.

The westernmost summits of their elevation in Central America

Rank Mountain Peak Country Mountain range Elevation Prominence Isolation Location
2 Volcán Tacaná [8] [9] [lower-alpha 5] Flag of Chiapas.svg  Chiapas
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala
Sierra de Istatan 4067 m
13,343 ft
1037 m
3,402 ft
24.1 km
14.99 mi
15°07′56″N92°06′30″W / 15.1323°N 92.1084°W / 15.1323; -92.1084 (Volcán Tacaná)
1 Volcán Tajumulco [10] [lower-alpha 6] [lower-alpha 7] Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Sierra de las Nubes 4220 m
13,845 ft
3990 m
13,091 ft
722 km
448 mi
15°02′35″N91°54′13″W / 15.0430°N 91.9037°W / 15.0430; -91.9037 (Volcán Tajumulco)

See also

Notes

  1. The summit of Doyle's Delight is the highest point of Belize and the Yucatán Peninsula.
  2. Doyle's Delight is the northernmost 1000-meter (3281-foot) summit of Central America.
  3. Pico Bonito is the northernmost 2000-meter (6562-foot) summit of Central America.
  4. Alto Cuchumatanes is the northernmost 3000-meter (9843-foot) summit of Central America.
  5. 1 2 Volcán Tacaná on the international border with Guatemala is the highest point of Estado Libre y Soberano de Chiapas.
  6. 1 2 3 4 The summit of Volcán Tajumulco is the highest point of the Sierra de las Nubes, the Republic of Guatemala, and all of Central America.
  7. 1 2 3 4 Volcán Tajumulco is the southernmost and easternmost 4000-meter (13,123-foot) summit of greater North America.
  8. Cerro Hoya is the southernmost 1000-meter (3281-foot) summit of Central America and greater North America.
  9. 1 2 Cerro Tacarcuna is the southernmost ultra-prominent summit of Central America and greater North America.
  10. 1 2 The summit of Volcán Barú is the highest point of the Republic of Panama.
  11. 1 2 Volcán Barú is the southernmost 3000-meter (9843-foot) summit of Central America and greater North America.
  12. 1 2 The summit of Chirripó Grande is the highest point of the Republic of Costa Rica.
  13. 1 2 Chirripó Grande is the southernmost and easternmost summit of its elevation in Central America and greater North America.
  14. 1 2 Volcán Acatenango is the southernmost and easternmost summit of its elevation in Central America and greater North America.

References

  1. 1 2 If the elevation or prominence of a summit is calculated as a range of values, the arithmetic mean is shown.
  2. The topographic prominence of a summit is the topographic elevation difference between the summit and its highest or key col to a higher summit. The summit may be near its key col or quite far away. The key col for Denali in Alaska is the Isthmus of Rivas in Nicaragua, 7642 kilometers (4749 miles) away.
  3. This article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least 100 meters (328.1 feet) of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence. All summits in this article have at least 500 meters of topographic prominence. An ultra-prominent summit is a summit with at least 1500 meters (4921 feet) of topographic prominence.
  4. The topographic isolation of a summit is the great-circle distance to its nearest point of equal elevation.
  5. "Doyle's Delight". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  6. "Pico Bonito". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  7. "Alto Cuchumatanes". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  8. 1 2 "Volcán Tacaná". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  9. 1 2 "Volcán Tacaná". Bivouac.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  10. 1 2 3 4 "Volcán Tajumulco". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  11. "Cerro Hoya". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  12. 1 2 "Cerro Tacarcuna". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  13. 1 2 "Volcán Barú". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  14. 1 2 "Chirripó Grande". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  15. 1 2 "Volcán Acatenango". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 May 2016.

Coordinates: 15°02′35″N91°54′13″W / 15.0430°N 91.9037°W / 15.0430; -91.9037 (Volcán Tajumulco)