Central American and Caribbean Games

Last updated
Central American and Caribbean Games (CACGs)
Juegos Centroamericanos y del Caribe(in Spanish)
First eventOctober 30 – November 2, 1926
Occur every4 years
Last eventJuly 19 – August 3, 2018
PurposeSports for Central American and Caribbean people

The Central American and Caribbean Games (CAC or CACGs) are a multi-sport regional championship event, held quadrennial (once every four years), typically in the middle (even) year between Summer Olympics. The Games are for countries in Central America, the Caribbean, Mexico, and the South American Caribbean countries of Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.

A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-states. The first major, modern, multi-sport event of international significance is the modern Olympic Games.

Summer Olympic Games international multi-sport event

The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad, first held in 1896, is a major international multi-sport event held once every four years. The most recent Olympics were held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) organises the Games and oversees the host city's preparations. In each Olympic event, gold medals are awarded for first place, silver medals are awarded for second place, and bronze medals are awarded for third place; this tradition began in 1904. The Winter Olympic Games were created due to the success of the Summer Olympics.

Central America central geographic region of the Americas

Central America is located on the southern tip of North America, or is sometimes defined as a subcontinent of the Americas, bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The combined population of Central America has been estimated to be 41,739,000 and 42,688,190.

Contents

The Games are overseen by the Central American and Caribbean Sports Organization (CACSO) (the organization also goes by the acronym "ODECABE", from its full Spanish name: Organización Deportiva Centroamericana y del Caribe). [1] They are designed to provide a step between sub-CACG-region Games held the first year following a Summer Olympics (e.g. Central American Games) and the Continental Championships, the Pan American Games, held the year before the Summer Olympics.

CACSO organization

The Central American and Caribbean Sports Organization (CACSO) is a regional sports federation which oversees the Central American and Caribbean Games. It is also known by its Spanish acronym ODECABE and/or its name in Spanish: Organización Deportiva Centroamericana y del Caribe.

Pan American Games Multi-sport event of the Americas

The Pan American Games is a major sporting event in the Americas featuring summer sports, in which thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions. The competition is held among athletes from nations of the Americas, every four years in the year before the Summer Olympic Games. The only Winter Pan American Games were held in 1990. And from 2021, there would be a Junior Pan American Games for young athletes. The Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) is the governing body of the Pan American Games movement, whose structure and actions are defined by the Olympic Charter.

The last games were held in Barranquilla, Colombia between 19 July to 3 August.The next games will be held in 2022, between 22 April~8 May in multiple venues in Panama.

2018 Central American and Caribbean Games

The 23rd Central American and Caribbean Games were held in Barranquilla, Colombia.

Barranquilla Municipality and city in Caribbean, Colombia

Barranquilla is the capital district of Atlántico located near the Caribbean Sea and it is the largest city and port in the northern Caribbean Coast region of Colombia, with a population of 1,232,766 as of 2018, which makes it Colombia's fourth most populous city after Bogotá, Medellín and Cali.

Colombia Country in South America

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America. Colombia shares a border to the northwest with Panama, to the east with Venezuela and Brazil and to the south with Ecuador and Peru. It shares its maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic. Colombia is a unitary, constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments, with the capital in Bogotá.

History

The CACGs are the oldest continuing regional games in the world, [2] and only the Olympics have run longer. Mexico, Cuba and Guatemala were the three countries present at the first games, which were then called the Central American Games. In 1935 their name was changed to Central American and Caribbean Games to reflect expanding participation.

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the tenth most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Cuba Country in the Caribbean

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean meet. It is east of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico), south of both the U.S. state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Haiti and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. Havana is the largest city and capital; other major cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. The area of the Republic of Cuba is 110,860 square kilometers (42,800 sq mi). The island of Cuba is the largest island in Cuba and in the Caribbean, with an area of 105,006 square kilometers (40,543 sq mi), and the second-most populous after Hispaniola, with over 11 million inhabitants.

Guatemala Republic in Central America

Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala, is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an estimated population of around 16.6 million, it is the most populated country in Central America. Guatemala is a representative democracy; its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.

A "Central American Games" does exist today, Juegos Centroamericanos, involving just Central American countries.

Editions

The first two editions of the games were known as the "Central American Games" at the time, but the edition lineage continued after the inclusion of the Caribbean in 1935.

YearGamesHost cityHost nationStart DateEnd DateCountriesSportsAthletesTop Placed Team
1926 I Mexico City Flag of the United Mexican States (1916-1934).svg  Mexico October 30November 239269Flag of the United Mexican States (1916-1934).svg  Mexico
1930 II Havana Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba March 15April 1599606Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
1935 III San Salvador Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador March 16April 5913741Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico
1938 IV Panama City Flag of Panama.svg  Panama February 5February 2410161216Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico
1946 V Barranquilla Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia March 5March 2513171540Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico
1950 VI Guatemala City Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala February 28March 1214191390Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico
1954 VII Mexico City Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico March 5March 2012191356Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico
1959 VIII Caracas Flag of Venezuela (1954-2006).svg  Venezuela January 6January 1512171150Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico
1962 IX Kingston Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica August 15August 2815161559Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico
1966 X San Juan Flag of Puerto Rico (1952-1995).svg  Puerto Rico July 11July 2518171689Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Mexico
1970 XI Panama City Flag of Panama.svg  Panama February 28March 1321162095Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
1974 XII Santo Domingo Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic February 27March 1323181928Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
1978 XIII Medellín Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia July 7July 2821182605Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
1982 XIV Havana Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba August 7August 1819242420Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
1986 XV Santiago de los Caballeros Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic June 24July 526252963Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
1990 XVI Mexico City Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico November 20December 329304206Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
1993 XVII Ponce Flag of Puerto Rico (1952-1995).svg  Puerto Rico November 19November 3032323570Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
1998 XVIII Maracaibo Flag of Venezuela (1954-2006).svg  Venezuela August 8August 2231305200Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
2002 XIX San Salvador Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador November 19November 3031377000Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
2006 XX Cartagena de Indias Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia July 15July 3032374,865Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
2010 XXI Mayagüez Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico July 17August 131425204 [3] Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
2014 XXII Veracruz Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico November 14November 3031365707Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
2018 XXIII Barranquilla Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia July 19August 337365854Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
2022 XXIV Panama City Flag of Panama.svg  Panama April 22May 8

Sports

Sport 1926 1930 1935 1938 1946 1950 1954 1959 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1993 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018
Archery pictogram.svg Archery X X X X X X X X X X
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton X X X X X X
Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Basque pelota pictogram.svg Basque Pelota X X X
Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Beach Volleyball X X X X X X
Bowling pictogram.svg Bowling X X X X X X X X X X
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing X X X X X X X
Cycling pictogram.svg Cycling X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Diving pictogram.svg Diving X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey X X X X X X X X X X
Football pictogram.svg Football X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Golf pictogram.svg Golf X X X X X X X
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Artistic gymnastics X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Rhythmic gymnastics X X X X X X
Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg Trampoline

X

X X
Handball pictogram.svg Handball X X X X X X
Judo pictogram.svg Judo X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Karate pictogram.svg Karate X X X X X X X
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon X X X X X
Racquets pictogram.svg Racquetball X X X X X X X X
Speed skating pictogram.svg Roller skating X X X X X X
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing X X X X X X X X X X
Rugby pictogram.svg Rugby Sevens X X X
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Softball pictogram.svg Softball X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Squash pictogram.svg Squash X X X X X
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Synchronized swimming X X X X X X X X X X X
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis X X X X X X X X X X
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo X X X X X X X X
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon X X X X X X
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Water skiing pictogram.svg Water ski X X
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

Nations

Nation 1926 1930 1935 1938 1946 1950 1954 1959 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1993 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018
Flag of the Netherlands Antilles.svg  AHO X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Aruba.svg  ARU X X X X X X X X
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  ATG X X X X X X X X X
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  BAH X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Barbados.svg  BAR X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Bermuda.svg  BER X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Belize.svg  BIZ X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  IVB X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  CAY X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Colombia.svg  COL X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  CRC X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Cuba.svg  CUB X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Dominica.svg  DMA X X X X X X
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  DOM X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of El Salvador.svg  ESA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Grenada.svg  GRN X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Guatemala.svg  GUA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Guyana.svg  GUY X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Haiti.svg  HAI X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Honduras.svg  HON X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  ISV X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Jamaica.svg  JAM X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  LCA X X X X X X X
Flag of Mexico.svg  MEX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  NCA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Panama.svg  PAN X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  PUR X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  SKN X X X X X X X
Flag of Suriname.svg  SUR X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  TRI X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  VIN X X X X X X X X
Flag of Venezuela.svg  VEN X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

Historical medal count

[4] [5]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)17528896793320
2Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico  (MEX)1235121510873537
3Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela  (VEN)5647829182264
4Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia  (COL)4515225591532
5Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico  (PRI)3234866921501
6Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic  (DOM)147250382779
7Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)101118125344
8Flag of Panama.svg  Panama  (PAN)86151170407
9Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala  (GUA)84162329575
10Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador  (SLV)49119214382
11Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago  (TTO)4376101220
12Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica  (CRC)374185163
13Flag of the Netherlands Antilles.svg  Netherlands Antilles  (ANT)313148110
14Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas  (BAH)24243280
15Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados  (BAR)14154675
16Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname  (SUR)1251128
17Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  U.S. Virgin Islands  (VIR)11201950
18Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana  (GUY)7153658
19Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands  (CYM)55616
20Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands  (VGB)4004
21Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua  (NIC)3154967
22Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras  (HON)3123348
23Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti  (HTI)3112438
24Flag of Aruba.svg  Aruba  (ABW)32510
25Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia  (LCA)3115
26Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda  (BMU)241420
27Flag of Belize.svg  Belize  (BLZ)1225
28Flag of Dominica.svg  Dominica  (DMA)1023
29Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  Antigua and Barbuda  (ATG)05510
30Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada  (GRD)0347
31Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis  (KNA)0167
32Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  (VCT)0011
Totals (32 nations)49994982568515666

See also

Athletics was a sport at the inaugural Central American Games in 1926 and it has remained part of the event's sporting programme throughout its history.

Related Research Articles

1993 Central American and Caribbean Games

The 17th Central American and Caribbean Games were held in Ponce, a city in southern Puerto Rico. The Games were held 19-30 November 1993, and included 3,570 athletes from 31 nations.

2010 Central American and Caribbean Games

The 21st Central American and Caribbean Games took place in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, from 18 July 2010 to 1 August 2010.

2014 Central American and Caribbean Games

The 22nd Central American and Caribbean Games were held November 14–30, 2014 in Veracruz, Mexico. The Games featured 36 sports, with most occurred in Veracruz, but some occurred in Boca del Río, Xalapa, Córdoba, Tuxpan, and Coatzacoalcos

Emilio Ballado is a Mexican former boxer who represented his native country in the 1935 Central American and Caribbean Games and in the 1936 Summer Olympics.

Yuderqui Contreras Two times World Championships medalist and Olympic weightlifter

Yuderqui Maridalia Contreras, also known as Yudelkis Contreras, is a Dominican Republican weightlifter. She went to the 2008 Summer Olympics where she was 5th. After the Games, she was accused of failing a doping control, but the case ended with her name cleared. She was one of the two athletes that represented her home country in weightlifting at the 2012 Summer Olympics. She failed her three attempts in the snatch stage ending with no mark.

Giovanna José Blanco Bazon is a female judoka from Venezuela, who won the silver medal in the women's heavyweight division at the 2003 Pan American Games in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

Central American Games

The Central American Games are a multi-sport regional championships event, held quadrennial, typically in the first year after Summer Olympics. The Games are open for member federations of the Central American Sports Organization ORDECA in Central American countries.

Anny Lorena Cortés Ortíz) is a judoka from Colombia.

The artistic gymnastics competition of the 2006 Central American and Caribbean Games was held in Cartagena, Colombia, from 15–30 July 2006.

Athletics at the 2010 Central American Games

Athletics competitions at the 2010 Central American Games were held at the Estadio Rommel Fernández in Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá, between April 16–19, 2010.

The Judo competition at the 2006 Central American and Caribbean Games was held in Cartagena, Colombia. The tournament was scheduled to be held from 25–29 July at the Coliseo de Gimnasia y Deportes de Combate, Unidad Deportiva Pedro de Heredia in Cartagena. This was the first time that the regional games held the Kata division.

The Wrestling competition at the 2006 Central American and Caribbean Games was held in Cartagena, Colombia.

Saúl Gutiérrez Macedo is a taekwondo practitioner from Mexico.

Eduardo José Lorenzo Casasnova is a sports shooter who competed for the Dominican Republic in the 2016 Summer Olympics. He won the gold medal in the 2014 Pan American Championship in trap and the silver in trap team. He is also multimedalist in the Central American and Caribbean Games having won the gold medal in trap team in 2010 and 2014, silver in trap team in Trap Team and the 2014 trap competition and also the trap team bronze in 2002.

The Field hockey competition at the Central American and Caribbean Games is an international field hockey event organized by the Central American and Caribbean Sports Organization (CACSO) as part of the Central American and Caribbean Games. The men's competition was introduced in 1982, and women's field hockey competition was first organized during the 1986 games. The winning teams qualify for the next Pan American Games.

2022 Central American and Caribbean Games

The 24th Central American and Caribbean Games will be held in 2022 in Panama City, Panama.

Racquetball has been included at the Central American and Caribbean Games since 1990. Over that period Mexican players have dominated the podium, winning gold at every event in Men’s and Women’s Doubles, and winning gold in Men’s and Women’s Singles all but two times each. Mexico has also won every gold medal in the Men’s and Women’s Team events. Venezuela has the second most medals in men’s events, while the Dominican Republic has won the second most medals in women’s events.

References

  1. (in Spanish) ODECABE website www.odecabe.org; retrieved 2010-03-03
  2. History of CACSO Archived July 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine from the CACSO website (www.cacso.org); retrieved 2009-06-26.
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-20. Retrieved 2010-07-17.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. Medals – Total of Medals (1926-2010) from the ODECABE website (http://www.odecabe.org Archived 2012-09-09 at Archive.today ); retrieved 2014-11-26.
  5. Veracruz 2014 – Medal Count Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine from the Veracruz 2014 website ( "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-12. Retrieved 2014-11-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)); retrieved 2014-11-30.