Santiago de los Caballeros

Last updated
Santiago

Santiago de los Caballeros
City
Santiago-de-los-Caballeros.jpg
CentroLeon.jpg
Puente Hermanos Patino Santiago 07 2018 9622.jpg
Santiago de los Caballeros - Monumento a los Heroes de la Restauracion 0726.JPG
Catedral Santiago Apostol-IMG 0131.jpg
Santiago, Dominican Republic
Escudo del Municipio Santiago de los Caballeros.svg
Seal
Motto(s): 
"La Ciudad Corazón", "Primer Santiago de América" (in Spanish)
("The Heartland City", "First Santiago of the Americas")
Dominican Republic relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Santiago
Location in the Dominican Republic
Coordinates: 19°27′26.13″N70°41′19.68″W / 19.4572583°N 70.6888000°W / 19.4572583; -70.6888000 Coordinates: 19°27′26.13″N70°41′19.68″W / 19.4572583°N 70.6888000°W / 19.4572583; -70.6888000
Country Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic
Province Santiago
MunicipalitySantiago de los Caballeros
Founded1495
Government
  MayorAbel Martínez
Area
  Total524.01 km2 (202.32 sq mi)
Elevation
[1]
175 m (574 ft)
Population
 (December 2010 −IX Census) [2]
  Total1,173,015
  Density2,200/km2 (5,800/sq mi)
   Urban
1,550,753
  Demonym
Spanish: Santiaguero
Time zone UTC-4
Climate Aw
Municipal districts 5
Website

Santiago de los Caballeros (Spanish pronunciation:  [sanˈtjaɣo ðe los kaβaˈʝeɾos] ; English: 'Saint James of the Knights'), or simply Santiago, is the second-largest city in the Dominican Republic and the fourth-largest city in the Caribbean by population. It is the capital of Santiago Province and major metropolis in the Cibao (northwestern) region of the country. The city has a total population of 1,173,015 inhabitants. Santiago is located approximately 155 km (96 mi) northwest of the capital Santo Domingo with an average altitude of 178 meters (584 ft).

Contents

Founded in 1495 during the first wave of European settlement in the New World, the city is the "first Santiago of the Americas". [3] Today it is one of the Dominican Republic's cultural, political, industrial and financial centers. Due to its location in the fertile Cibao Valley it has a robust agricultural sector and is a leading exporter of rum, textiles, and cigars. [4] Santiago is known as "La Ciudad Corazón" (the "Heartland City"). [5]

Santiago de los Caballeros has historically been the capital of the country, and was an important strategic city in the Dominican War of Independence. The name of the city, Saint James of the Knights refers to the Hidalgos de la Isabela, a group of knights who had come from La Isabela city to stay in Santiago. Sometimes the city is called Santiago de los 30 Caballeros (English: Saint James of the 30 Knights).

History

The name of the city, Saint James of the Knights refers to the Hidalgos de la Isabela, a group of knights who had come from La Isabela to settle in Santiago. The colony originally was located in the town of San Francisco de Jacagua (now a suburb of the city) which was founded in 1495, but when it was destroyed by an earthquake it was moved to its current location in 1506. In granting in 1508 the Royal Privilege of Concession de Armas to the Villa de Santiago of Hispaniola, the heraldic emblem that was included in his shield was venerated. The royal decree signed by King Ferdinand as administrator of the kingdoms of his daughter Joanna I of Castile.

The city was devastated by another earthquake on December 2, 1562. [6] The survivors settled on land belonging to Petronila Jáquez of Minaya, adjacent to the Yaque del Norte, which is the current location of the city's river. The domination of the French during the Peace of Basel (which yielded the Spanish part of the island to France in 1795) left its mark on Santiago. During this era Santiago began its modern urban planning. European neoclassicism is represented at the Palace Hall, built between 1892 and 1895, by a Belgian architect named Louis Bogaert. The late 1800s saw a peak of architecture in the city. Numerous residences were built in European styles, which make up the central core of Santiago.

Geography

Panoramic view of Santiago. SantiagoCityDominicanRep.JPG
Panoramic view of Santiago.

Santiago de los Caballeros is located on a hilly terrain in the middle of the Cibao Valley in the Central Region of the Dominican Republic, one of the most fertile lands found in the island. The Yaque del Norte River passes by Santiago which is in between the Cordillera Central and the Cordillera Septentrional, two of the three major mountain ranges on the island of Hispaniola, forming the Cibao Valley.

Climate

Santiago features a tropical wet and dry climate under the Köppen climate classification. The average temperature varies little in the city, because the tropical trade winds help mitigate the heat and humidity throughout the year. December and January are the coolest months and July and August are the warmest. Santiago and the rest of the country are in the Caribbean and have a tropical climate, which, when coupled with the city's altitude, 183 meters above sea level, causes cloudy conditions to persist through much of the year. While the city lies within the Hurricane belt, Santiago is more sheltered than other parts of the country from hurricanes because of its location in the Cibao Valley.

Climate data for Santiago de los Caballeros (1971-2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)34.4
(93.9)
34.7
(94.5)
35.8
(96.4)
36.0
(96.8)
36.0
(96.8)
36.7
(98.1)
36.6
(97.9)
38.2
(100.8)
37.6
(99.7)
36.5
(97.7)
39.8
(103.6)
34.7
(94.5)
39.8
(103.6)
Average high °C (°F)28.9
(84.0)
29.4
(84.9)
30.4
(86.7)
31.1
(88.0)
31.9
(89.4)
32.9
(91.2)
33.1
(91.6)
33.2
(91.8)
33.1
(91.6)
32.4
(90.3)
30.5
(86.9)
28.9
(84.0)
31.3
(88.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)23.7
(74.7)
24.0
(75.2)
24.8
(76.6)
25.6
(78.1)
26.6
(79.9)
27.6
(81.7)
27.8
(82.0)
27.8
(82.0)
27.6
(81.7)
27.0
(80.6)
25.5
(77.9)
23.9
(75.0)
26.0
(78.8)
Average low °C (°F)18.5
(65.3)
18.7
(65.7)
19.3
(66.7)
20.2
(68.4)
21.4
(70.5)
22.4
(72.3)
22.4
(72.3)
22.4
(72.3)
22.0
(71.6)
21.6
(70.9)
20.5
(68.9)
19.0
(66.2)
20.7
(69.3)
Record low °C (°F)11.2
(52.2)
12.2
(54.0)
12.5
(54.5)
12.7
(54.9)
16.3
(61.3)
18.5
(65.3)
17.0
(62.6)
17.6
(63.7)
18.6
(65.5)
17.5
(63.5)
15.0
(59.0)
12.1
(53.8)
11.2
(52.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches)55.0
(2.17)
42.3
(1.67)
61.9
(2.44)
109.3
(4.30)
133.1
(5.24)
63.7
(2.51)
48.1
(1.89)
71.9
(2.83)
85.3
(3.36)
112.4
(4.43)
94.4
(3.72)
68.2
(2.69)
945.6
(37.25)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)8.06.56.08.09.65.36.87.47.99.39.69.694
Average relative humidity (%)77.275.171.671.573.571.070.571.573.475.478.478.574.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 224.1202.2245.2236.9242.7245.9255.1262.8234.5235.4212.2205.12,802.1
Source: ONAMET [7]
Climate data for Santiago de los Caballeros (1961-1990)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)34.4
(93.9)
34.4
(93.9)
37.2
(99.0)
38.4
(101.1)
36.2
(97.2)
37.4
(99.3)
36.2
(97.2)
39.0
(102.2)
41.0
(105.8)
37.0
(98.6)
36.8
(98.2)
34.7
(94.5)
41.0
(105.8)
Average high °C (°F)28.8
(83.8)
29.4
(84.9)
30.4
(86.7)
31.2
(88.2)
31.8
(89.2)
32.9
(91.2)
33.0
(91.4)
33.2
(91.8)
33.3
(91.9)
32.4
(90.3)
30.3
(86.5)
28.7
(83.7)
31.3
(88.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)23.5
(74.3)
23.8
(74.8)
24.7
(76.5)
25.5
(77.9)
26.5
(79.7)
27.4
(81.3)
27.5
(81.5)
27.7
(81.9)
27.6
(81.7)
26.9
(80.4)
25.2
(77.4)
23.7
(74.7)
25.8
(78.4)
Average low °C (°F)18.2
(64.8)
18.4
(65.1)
19.0
(66.2)
19.9
(67.8)
21.2
(70.2)
22.1
(71.8)
22.2
(72.0)
22.2
(72.0)
21.9
(71.4)
21.5
(70.7)
20.2
(68.4)
18.7
(65.7)
20.5
(68.9)
Record low °C (°F)11.2
(52.2)
12.2
(54.0)
12.0
(53.6)
12.7
(54.9)
16.3
(61.3)
18.5
(65.3)
17.0
(62.6)
17.6
(63.7)
18.6
(65.5)
17.5
(63.5)
15.0
(59.0)
12.0
(53.6)
11.2
(52.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches)49.8
(1.96)
47.7
(1.88)
59.2
(2.33)
104.4
(4.11)
151.2
(5.95)
67.6
(2.66)
56.4
(2.22)
73.1
(2.88)
96.8
(3.81)
109.7
(4.32)
125.6
(4.94)
80.2
(3.16)
1,021.7
(40.22)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)7.46.25.77.910.55.67.28.08.18.710.79.895.8
Average relative humidity (%)77.875.972.672.574.872.471.972.674.076.179.179.674.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 2242022452372432462552632352352122052,802
Source 1: NOAA, [8] Acqweather (sun) [9]
Source 2: Temperature Extreme Records [10] [11] [12]

Economy

La Trinitaria area in Santiago Dominican Republic. 14235 187485325998 186908945998 2904382 7793948 n.jpg
La Trinitaria area in Santiago Dominican Republic.

Santiago's economy is mainly based by the commercialization and industrialization of its products and finished goods, production of goods in the free zones, and by commerce. The city has headquarters and branches of all the main stores, supermarkets, restaurants and financial entities of the country. The city also has several shopping centers and multinational companies.

Since it is the second-largest city in the Dominican Republic it currently produces the second highest percentage of the nations GDP, while also having one of the highest incomes per capita, and a large middle-class population. Telecommunications, such as; wireless phones, cable service, internet service and other services are important for the local economy. Tourism, to a lesser extent, also accounts for a portion of the city's economy.

Santiago, like most cities and towns in the Cibao valley, has historically benefited from the fertile lands of this region. [13] This makes Santiago de los Caballeros an important area for farming and livestock. Santiago's industrial sector is also one of the most dynamic in the country. It has the concentration of 15% of domestic industries. This means 308 manufacturing companies, which in 2004 employed more than 14,000 people or 12% of the labor of Dominican manufacturing work. The products range from cigars, coffee, and alcoholic beverages, to concrete, plywood and sheet products. [14]

The Mercado Modelo on Calle del Sol is a shopping center where there are various stores of handicrafts and native articles made by hand.

Growth and development

Santiago has recently experienced an era of rapid growth and development. It has become a city of great importance for the nation and the region's development. The approximate population of Santiago was about 691,262 inhabitants (as of 2010). [15]

Arts and culture

Architecture

Hotel Mercedes in Santiago's historic center. Hotel Mercedes, Santiago, Dominican Republic.jpg
Hotel Mercedes in Santiago's historic center.

The Victorian era was the zenith of architecture in the city. Numerous residences were built in this European style, which makes up the historic center of Santiago. The neo-classical gothic Cathedral of Santiago was built in 1895 by Onofre de Lora, an architect native to the city. [16]

The Hermanos Patiño Bridge is both the largest and oldest bridge in the city connecting the North and South sides of the city of Santiago[ citation needed ]. [17] Its construction was started by Rafael Leónidas Trujillo and inaugurated in 1962, one year after his death. The bridge is named after the five brothers that died in an effort to end Trujillo's regime and dictatorship in the Dominican Republic in the mid 20th century. The anti-Trujillo legacy of the Patiño family did not begin with the brothers, but with their father who was killed in 1931 in the first anti-Trujillo insurrection of the Dominican Republic. [18]

On a hill overlooking Santiago is a 67 meters (220 ft) high marble monument, the Monumento de Santiago. Construction of the monument began in 1944 on the orders of then-dictator Rafael Trujillo. He named it the "Trujillo's Monument to Peace", and was designed by architect Henry Gazón Bona. Trujillo was assassinated in 1961, after which the monument was renamed the "Monument to the Heroes of the Restoration", in remembrance of the Independence Restoration War of 1863, in which the Dominican Republic regained its independence from Spain. [19]

Museums

The Centro Leon exhibits Dominican culture and some Dominican customs and national parks CentroLeon.jpg
The Centro Leon exhibits Dominican culture and some Dominican customs and national parks
Aurora cigar factory. Aurora cigar factory, Santiago, Dominican Republic.jpg
Aurora cigar factory.

Museums in the city include the Museo Folklórico Yoryi Morel which exhibits Santiago's Carnival culture, and displays some garments worn by lechones of Santiago Province in the Carnival, as well as those worn in other provinces. The museum is named after noted Santiago painter Yoryi Morel. Museo del Tabaco or The Tobacco Museum which shows manufacturing methods as well as the effect of the tobacco plantations along the city's history, the Museo Histórico Fortaleza San Luis or Historic San Luis Fort Museum which previously served as a municipal prison., [20] the Museo de los Héroes de la Restauración or Restoration Heroes Museum is currently under construction and houses a display of pictures from the Restoration War from the 1863–1865 battles between the Dominican Government and the Spanish army. [21] and Centro León which displays elements of the Caribbean and Dominican cultures, Natural Dominican History, Native Indian Evolution and Culture.

Sports

Estadio Cibao home of Las Aguilas Cibaenas baseball team. Bleachers del right field.jpg
Estadio Cibao home of Las Aguilas Cibaeñas baseball team.

As much as the rest of the nation, Santiago residents enjoy baseball and look forward to the Dominican winter season with the local team being the Aguilas Cibaeñas. [22] Besides baseball, basketball is also played at a professional level in the city of Santiago. The institution in charge of organizing these events is the Asociación de Baloncesto de Santiago de los Treinta Caballeros (ABASACA) [23] Santiago de Los Caballeros is the 2nd most successful city in the Dominican Republic based on Dominican League teams. Águilas Cibaeñas is the 2nd most successful baseball team not only in the Dominican Republic, but in the Caribbean, this team has 21 National Championship, and 5 Caribbean titles. This is what causes what a lot of people[ who? ] call Baseballs most intense rivalry, which is a long historic Rivalry between Águilas Cibaeñas and Tigres del Licey, being "Licey" the most popular winter league baseball team in the world, and Águilas Cibaeñas being second.

Santiago's major baseball and basketball teams are Las Aguilas Cibaeñas and Los Metros de Santiago.

Santiago has two stadiums, and the stadiums are The Estadio Cibao home of the Aguilas Cibaeñas and The Gran Arena del Cibao home of Los Metros De Santiago

The Female Volleyball Team have claimed two bronze medals [24] in the professional Dominican Volleyball League.

In early 2015, there was the official launch of Liga Dominicana de Fútbol in the Dominican Republic. Santiago is the first city in the country to hold a FIFA Certified Stadium, [25] which was built in the campus of the Pontificia Universidad Catolica Madre y Maestra and became the home of the major and first city soccer team Cibao FC from Liga Dominicana de Fútbol.

Education

Principal entrance of Pontificia Universidad Catolica Madre y Maestra (PUCMM) Tanque Pucmm2009.jpg
Principal entrance of Pontificia Universidad Catolica Madre y Maestra (PUCMM)

Santiago is home of several universities including Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra (PUCMM) and Universidad Tecnológica de Santiago (UTESA). Other higher learning institutions present in Santiago are: Universidad Organización & Método (O&M), Universidad Abierta para Adultos (UAPA), Universidad Nacional Evangélica and one regional campus belonging to the Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo

Santiago is also home to a Binational Center, the Centro Cultural Domínico-Americano (CCDA), which founded in 1962 by a group of Dominicans and Americans living in Santiago. At the beginning, the CCDA set about providing English language courses. Later, the library was opened and included the lending of overhead projectors and documentary films. These last two were sponsored by the American Embassy.

CCDA is located on Estrella Sadhalá Avenue. These facilities of the CCDA were opened on July 23, 1962. [26] Throughout its 50 years of existence, the CCDA has taught English language courses, painting classes and manual activities.

Transportation

Cibao International Airport in 2003 AIC MDST-2003.JPG
Cibao International Airport in 2003 AIC

Santiago has share taxis (called Carros Públicos or conchos) and private and independent bus owners who form their own routes according to their demands

The city has private bus transportation to other cities. Bus companies include Dioni, Metro, Caribe Tours, Transporte Espinal, Aetra Bus.

Bridge over Yaque del Norte. Puente Hermanos Patino Santiago 07 2018 9622.jpg
Bridge over Yaque del Norte.

The Autopista Juan Pablo Duarte highway, officially known as DR-1, passes by the city center and connects the city directly to Santo Domingo. Other minor highways connect the city to Puerto Plata, Samana, and the northwestern region of the country.

The Cibao International Airport serves mostly Dominicans living in the United States and other Caribbean islands like Cuba, Turks and Caicos Islands, Puerto Rico and Panama. [27] The airport of the city was the Santiago Municipal Airport, a regional airport that closed in March 2002. It served destinations such as San Juan, Port-au-Prince, Miami and Santo Domingo with regular services.

Health

Hospital Metropolitano de Santiago Homs 183.jpg
Hospital Metropolitano de Santiago

Facilities include Hospital Cabral y Baez, Clínica Corominas, Hospital De Especialidades Medicas Materno Infantil, Union Médica, and Hospital Metropolitano De Santiago (HOMS).

Sites

Gran Cibao Hotel seen from the HOMS. In the back the Cibao Airport Terminal Area is visible. HotelGranCibao.JPG
Gran Cibao Hotel seen from the HOMS. In the back the Cibao Airport Terminal Area is visible.
Plaza Hache commercial center. EdificioHache.jpg
Plaza Haché commercial center.

In the Strategic Plan of Santiago it is indicated that the construction of the Metropolitan Park would increase the Santiagos green area from its currently 1.1% to 4%.

Recreation

Some of the recreational places found in Santiago are:

Notable people from Santiago de los Caballeros

Actors, artists, musicians, writers

Athletes

Politicians

Other

Twin towns – sister cities

Santiago has twinning agreements with the following sister cities:

See also

Related Research Articles

Dominican Republic Country in the Caribbean

The Dominican Republic is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region. It occupies the eastern five-eighths of the island, which it shares with Haiti, making Hispaniola one of only two Caribbean islands, along with Saint Martin, that are shared by two sovereign states. The Dominican Republic is the second-largest nation in the Antilles by area at 48,671 square kilometers (18,792 sq mi), and third-largest by population, with approximately 10.8 million people, of whom approximately 3.3 million live in the metropolitan area of Santo Domingo, the capital city. The official language of the country is Spanish.

Santo Domingo Capital city in National District, Dominican Republic

Santo Domingo, once known as Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city of the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population. As of 2010, the city had a total population of 2,908,607, when including the metropolitan area. The city is coterminous with the boundaries of the Distrito Nacional, itself bordered on three sides by Santo Domingo Province.

San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic Place in San Cristóbal, Dominican Republic

San Cristóbal is a municipality (municipio) and the capital of the San Cristóbal province in the Dominican Republic. Within the municipality there is one municipal district : Hato Damas.

Santiago Province (Dominican Republic) Province of the Dominican Republic

Santiago is a province which currently comprises one of the 32 provinces of the Dominican Republic. It is divided into 10 municipalities and its capital city is Santiago de los Caballeros. Located in north-central Dominican Republic, in the Cibao region, it is bordered by the provinces of Valverde to the north-west, Puerto Plata to the north, Espaillat and La Vega to the east, San Juan to the south and Santiago Rodríguez to the west.

Cibao Place in Dominican Republic

The Cibao, usually referred as "El Cibao", is a region of the Dominican Republic located at the northern part of the country. As of 2009 the Cibao has a population of 5,622,378 making it the most populous region in the country.

La Vega, Dominican Republic Municipality in La Vega, Dominican Republic

La Vega, is the fourth largest city and municipality of the Dominican Republic. It is in La Vega Province. The city is known as the heart of the Dominican Republic for its geographical position and its large agricultural production methods throughout its province.

Tigres del Licey

Tigres del Licey is a professional baseball team founded in 1907 based in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. It is one of the two franchises of the Capital city of the country, the oldest and arguably the most successful team in the Dominican league, with and 10 Caribbean Series as of January, 2017. Some of their best players have included Alonzo Perry, Pedro González, Manuel Mota, Guayubín Olivo, César Gerónimo, and Elvio Jiménez. Many of the best Dominican players and Major League Baseball players have taken part in the long history of the Tigres, including Tommy Lasorda, baseball hall-of-famer who took the team to the 1973 Caribbean World Series title. The Licey logo is a cursive "L". The team, nicknamed "El Glorioso" has a passionate fan base.

Águilas Cibaeñas

The Águilas Cibaeñas is a professional baseball team in the Dominican Republic's winter baseball league. Founded on January 28, 1933 and based in Santiago, the team has won 6 Caribbean Series and 22 national titles.

Gigantes del Cibao

The Gigantes del Cibao (English: Giants of the Cibao) are a baseball team that plays in the Dominican Winter League. The team was founded in 1996 as Gigantes del Noroeste then with a change of ownership the name was changed several times, being called Pollos del Cibao, Pollos Nacionales and Pollos Baseball Club.

DR-1 is a dual carriageway highway that forms part of the five designated national highways of the Dominican Republic. DR-1 provides a fast connection between Santo Domingo, the capital, on the southern coast, and the second city Santiago and the rest of the northerly Cibao region, one of the country's main regions.

Fernando Cabrera (writer)

Fernando Cabrera is a Dominican-American poet, essayist, visual artist, songwriter and professor. He is a National Poetry and Literary Essay Prize Winner.

Sports are a central part of the culture of the Dominican Republic, and have been practiced in the whole country since the native inhabitants were living in the island. Sports play a key role in the culture and makeup of Dominican Republic society. Baseball is the most popular sport on the island country and Major League Baseball has been recruiting players from the Dominican Republic since the 1960s. Association football is the second sport of the country.

Manuel del Cabral

Manuel del Cabral was a Dominican poet, writer, and diplomat. The son of Mario Fermín Cabral y Báez, an influential senator during the "Era of Trujillo", he served at the Embassy of the Dominican Republic to Argentina. During his long stay in Buenos Aires, he married an Argentine and fathered his 4 children, among them, the television journalist and politician Peggy Cabral. In 1992 he was awarded the Premio Nacional de Literatura.

The nineteenth edition of the Caribbean Series was played in 1976. It was held from February 4 through February 9 with the champions teams from the Dominican Republic, Águilas Cibaeñas; Mexico, Naranjeros de Hermosillo; Puerto Rico, Vaqueros de Bayamón and Venezuela, Tigres de Aragua. The format consisted of 12 games, each team facing the other teams twice, and was played in Dominican Republic. For the first time in Series history, the games were played at two different venues, the Estadio Quisqueya in Santo Domingo and the Estadio Cibao in Santiago de los Caballeros.

White Dominicans are Dominicans of complete or predominant European descent. They represent 16.1% of the Dominican Republic's population, according to the last population census in which race was queried. The majority of white Dominicans are descendants from the first European settlers to arrive in Hispaniola and have ancestry of the Spanish and French who settled in the island during colonial times, as well as the Portuguese who settled in the 17th and 18th centuries. Many others also descend from Italians, Dutchmen, Germans, Hungarians, Americans and other nationalities who have migrated between the 19th and 20th centuries. Similar to the rest of the Hispanic Caribbean, the majority of Spaniards who settled the Dominican Republic came from southern Spain, Andalusia and the Canary Islands, the latter of whom are of partial North African Berber (Guanche) descent.

Tourism in the Dominican Republic

Tourism in the Dominican Republic is an important sector of the country's economy. More than 6 million tourists visit the Dominican Republic, making it the most popular tourist destination in the Caribbean and putting it in the top 5 overall in the Americas. The industry accounts for 11.6% of the nation's GDP and is a particularly important source of revenue in coastal areas of the country. The nation's tropical climate, white sand beaches, diverse mountainous landscape and colonial history attracts visitors from around the world.

Cibao Fútbol Club is a Dominican professional football team based in Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic, founded in 2015. The team plays in the Liga Dominicana de Fútbol.

Campuzano Polanco family

Campuzano Polanco was a prominent family from the colony of Santo Domingo with origins in Santiago de los Caballeros. During the colonial era of the Hispaniola, their members and descendants went on to occupy high political, military and ecclesiastical positions, locally and outside the Island, as well as in the metropolis of Spain. Their merits extend since the beginning and until the end of the colony.

Events in the year 2021 in the Dominican Republic.

References

  1. De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  2. Ayuntamiento de Santiago de los Caballeros (13 July 2011). "Datos Demográficos". Ayuntamientosantiagord.com. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  3. Shimp, Tanna (2014-10-05). Ultimate Handbook Guide to Santiago De Los Caballeros.
  4. "Dominican Dominance".
  5. "Santiago de los Caballeros - Ciudad Corazón de la República Dominicana". El Veedor Digital (in Spanish). 2019-03-01. Retrieved 2021-04-24.
  6. "Accounts of Damage from Historical Earthquakes in the Northeastern Caribbean, to Aid in the Determination of their Location and Intensity Magnitudes" (PDF). U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey. 2002. p. 15. Retrieved April 24, 2021.
  7. "Datos climatológicos normales y extremos 71-2000 estaciones Sinópticas - tercer trimestre 2019" (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Meteorología. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  8. "Santiago, Dominican Republic Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved December 24, 2012.
  9. "Normales Climatológicas" (in Spanish). Acqweather. Retrieved September 21, 2016.
  10. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-08. Retrieved 2011-10-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) ONAMET/ National Bureau of Meteorology (Recorded on September 13, 1960)
  11. EFEMÉRIDES METEOROLÓGICAS DOMINICANAS (Recorded on January 31, 1987)
  12. Ogimet.com (Recorded on March 9, 2010)
  13. Agate, Nicky; Guides, Rough (2002). The Caribbean . Rough Guides. p.  339. ISBN   9781858288956. fertile cibao.
  14. "La economía de Santiago de los Caballeros".
  15. "Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE)" (PDF). one.gob.do. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-13.
  16. "Iglesia Catedral Santiago Apostol El Mayor". Archivohistorico.santiagodominicana.com. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  17. "PUENTE HERMANOS PATIÑO".
  18. "Puente Hermanos Patiño". Archivohistorico.santiagodominicana.com. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  19. "Monumento a los Heroes de la Restauración". Archivohistorico.santiagodominicana.com. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  20. "Museo Cultural Fortaleza San Luis, Santiago, República Dominicana". Livio.com. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  21. Archived August 20, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  22. "at". Aguilascibaenas.net. Archived from the original on 3 September 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  23. "www.lainformacionrd.net". lainformacionrd.net. 30 October 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  24. Archived April 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  25. "Estadio de la PUCMM para el Cibao Fútbol Cibao está casi terminado". El Caribe. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  26. "Nosotros". ccda.edu.do.
  27. Archived August 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine