The 1st Central American and Caribbean Games were held in Mexico City, Mexico, at Estadio Nacional from October 30 to November 2, 1926. It featured 269 athletes from three countries (Mexico, Cuba and Guatemala), competing in nine sports: athletics, basketball, baseball, diving, fencing, shooting, swimming, tennis, and volleyball.
The Central American and Caribbean Games are a multi-sport regional championship event, held quadrennial, typically in the middle (even) year between Summer Olympics. The Games are for countries in Central America, the Caribbean, Mexico, and the South American Caribbean countries of Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico, is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America. Mexico City is one of the most important cultural and financial centres in the Americas. It is located in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,350 ft). The city has 16 boroughs.
Estadio Nacional was a multi-use stadium in the Colonia Roma Sur neighborhood of Mexico City, Mexico. It was built in 1923; the architect was José Villagrán García. It was mostly used for football and athletics and was used as the main stadium for the 1926 Central American and Caribbean Games. It was replaced by the Estadio Olímpico Universitario in the Ciudad Universitaria, in the south of the city, in 1949, and the site was used for multifamily housing which was demolished after damage from the 1985 Mexico City earthquake. Today the site is a park, the Jardín Ramón López Velarde. The capacity of the stadium was 30,000 spectators.
Athletics is a collection of sporting events that involve competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking. The most common types of athletics competitions are track and field, road running, cross country running, and walking race.
The athletics competition in the 1926 Central American and Caribbean Games were held in Mexico City, Mexico.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team, called the pitcher, throws a ball which a player on the batting team tries to hit with a bat. The objectives of the offensive team are to hit the ball into the field of play, and to run the bases—having its runners advance counter-clockwise around four bases to score what are called "runs". The objective of the defensive team is to prevent batters from becoming runners, and to prevent runners' advance around the bases. A run is scored when a runner legally advances around the bases in order and touches home plate. The team that scores the most runs by the end of the game is the winner.
Diving is the sport of jumping or falling into water from a platform or springboard, usually while performing acrobatics. Diving is an internationally recognized sport that is part of the Olympic Games. In addition, unstructured and non-competitive diving is a recreational pastime.
Fencing is a group of three related combat sports. The three disciplines in modern fencing are the foil, the épée, and the sabre; winning points are made through the contact with an opponent. A fourth discipline, singlestick, appeared in the 1904 Olympics but was dropped after that, and is not a part of modern fencing. Fencing was one of the first sports to be played in the Olympics. Based on the traditional skills of swordsmanship, the modern sport arose at the end of the 19th century, with the Italian school having modified the historical European martial art of classical fencing, and the French school later refining the Italian system. There are three forms of modern fencing, each of which uses a different kind of weapon and has different rules; thus the sport itself is divided into three competitive scenes: foil, épée, and sabre. Most competitive fencers choose to specialize in one weapon only.
Swimming is an individual or team sport that requires the use of one's entire body to move through water. The sport takes place in pools or open water. Competitive swimming is one of the most popular Olympic sports, with varied distance events in butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle, and individual medley. In addition to these individual events, four swimmers can take part in either a freestyle or medley relay. A medley relay consists of four swimmers who will each swim a different stroke. The order for a medley relay is: backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, and freestyle. Swimming each stroke requires a set of specific techniques; in competition, there are distinct regulations concerning the acceptable form for each individual stroke. There are also regulations on what types of swimsuits, caps, jewelry and injury tape that are allowed at competitions. Although it is possible for competitive swimmers to incur several injuries from the sport, such as tendinitis in the shoulders or knees, there are also multiple health benefits associated with the sport.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles). Each player uses a tennis racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court. The object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will.
Volleyball is a popular team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court under organized rules. It has been a part of the official program of the Summer Olympic Games since Tokyo 1964.
Three countries took part in the first Central American and Caribbean Games.
The Caribbean Series, also called Caribbean World Series, is the highest tournament for professional baseball teams in Latin America. The tournament location is rotated annually among the countries and is normally played in February after all of the leagues have ended their national tournaments.
The CONCACAF Gold Cup is the main association football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONCACAF, determining the continental champion of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean.
The Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football is the continental governing body for association football in North America, which includes Central America and the Caribbean region. Three geographically South American entities — the independent nations of Guyana and Suriname and the French overseas department of French Guiana — are also members. CONCACAF's primary functions are to organize competitions for national teams and clubs, and to conduct World Cup and Women's World Cup qualifying tournaments.
El Salvador national football team is governed by the Salvadoran Football Federation (FESFUT).
The Cuba national football team is controlled by the Asociación de Fútbol de Cuba, the governing body for football in Cuba. They are affiliated to the Caribbean Football Union of CONCACAF.
The Caribbean Basin is generally defined as the area running from Florida westward along the Gulf coast, then south along the Mexican coast through Central America and then eastward across the northern coast of South America. This region includes the islands of the archipelago of the West Indies. Bermuda is also included within the region even though it is in the west-central Atlantic, due to its common cultural history created by European colonization of the region, and in most of the region by the presence of a significant group of African descent.
The Caribbean Legion is the name of a group of progressive Latin American leaders, exiles, and revolutionaries with the aim of overthrowing dictatorships across Central America and replacing them with democratic governments.
Latin American culture is the formal or informal expression of the people of Latin America and includes both high culture and popular culture as well as religion and other customary practices.
The 2nd Central American and Caribbean Games were held in Havana in Cuba from March 15 to April 5, 1930. The sports festival featured 606 athletes from nine countries, competing in ten sports. Women participated for the first time in this second edition. Football (soccer) was added.
The Latin American Social Sciences Institute or Latin American School of Social Sciences is an inter-governmental autonomous organization for Latin America and the Caribbean dedicated to research, teaching and spreading of social sciences.
The 2008 America Baseball Cup was held in the Venezuelan cities of Puerto Ordaz and El Tigre, from September 26 to October 7. The tournament acted as a qualifier for the 2009 World Cup.
The 2002 Central American and Caribbean Games were held in San Salvador, El Salvador from 27 November through 7 December 2002. The defending champion Cuban national baseball team did not come, citing security concerns.
The CONCACAF Under-20 Championship was expanded to 12 teams beginning in 2011. The tournament determined the four CONCACAF teams that participated at the 2011 FIFA U-20 World Cup to be held in Colombia. In addition, the top three finishers from Central America or the Caribbean, in addition to hosts Mexico, qualified to participate at the 2011 Pan American Games. The Executive Committee approved that for men's U-20 championships all three North American teams again qualified automatically for the finals. Central America received four berths, and the Caribbean received five.
The 23rd Central American and Caribbean Games were held in Barranquilla, Colombia.
Guatemala competed in the 2015 Pan American Games in Toronto, Ontario, Canada from July 10 to 26, 2015.
The racquetball competition at the 2018 Central American and Caribbean Games in Barranquilla, Colombia is being held from 20 to 28 July 2018 at the Parque de Racquetas La Castellana.
The tennis competition at the 2018 Central American and Caribbean Games was held in Barranquilla, Colombia from 27 July to 2 August at the Parque Distrital de Raquetas.
The athletics competition at the 2018 Central American and Caribbean Games was held in Barranquilla, Colombia from 29 July to 3 August at the Estadio Metropolitano Roberto Meléndez.