Palarong Pambansa

Last updated
Palarong Pambansa
Palarong Pambansa Logo.svg
MottoDiscipline, Teamwork, Excellence
First event Manila, Philippines
Occur everyAnnually
Last event 2019 in Davao City
Organized by DepEd (Department of Education)

The Palarong Pambansa (Filipino for "National Games") is an annual multi-sport event involving student-athletes from 17 regions of the Philippines. The event, started in 1948, is organized and governed by the Department of Education.

Contents

Student-athletes from public and private schools at elementary and secondary levels can compete provided they qualified by winning at their regional meet. For young Filipino student-athletes, Palarong Pambansa is the culmination of school sports competition, which start with local school intramurals, followed by the congressional district, provincial, and regional athletic meets.

The objectives of the Palaro are:

The legal basis of the Palarong Pambansa is stipulated in the provision of the 1987 Philippine Constitution Article XIV, Section 19.

History

The first edition of the games was held in Manila in 1948. Before it was called Palarong Pambansa, it was dubbed as Bureau of Public Schools-Interscholastic Athletics Association Games or BPISAA. It continued yearly until it was cancelled in 1957 due to the death of President Ramon Magsaysay. In 1958, Tagbilaran, Bohol hosted the 10th edition of the game. The game was again cancelled in 1972 when President Ferdinand Marcos declared Martial Law. In 1973, the last BPISAA which was held in Vigan, Ilocos Sur.

In 1974, the Bureau of Public Schools-Interscholastic Athletics Association Games was renamed Palarong Pambansa.

In 1980, 1984-1987 and 1999 Palarong Pambansa was not conducted. In 1980 Palarong Pambansa was substituted with another game called Palarong Bagong Lipunan hosted by Marikina. Between 1984 and 1987 the event's cancellation was due to the People Power Revolution.

Misamis Oriental and Negros Occidental have hosted Palarong Pambansa four times each, more than any other provinces. Misamis Oriental hosted the Palarong Pambansa in 1975, 1977, 1978 and 1988. Negros Occidental hosted the games in 1974, 1979, 1998 and 2000. Lingayen, Pangasinan has hosted three times, in 1959, 1999 and 2012. [1]

Starting with the 2015 edition of the games, the Palarong Pambansa Board, which was created due to the Palarong Pambansa Law signed in May 2014, shall be mainly responsible for the preparation and conduct of the games. The board shall be the main policy-making and coordinating body of the annual tournament. [2]

Participating regions

The regions participating in the annual Palarong Pambansa has become bigger as some regions have split. For instance, Southern Tagalog Regional Athletics Association (STRAA) represented the 10 provinces of Southern Tagalog in the later Palarong Pambansa. But it was divided into two which is now Region 4-A or the Calabarzon region and Region 4-B or the Mimaropa region. Both are taking part in Palarong Pambansa as different teams or regions.

Creation of administrative and autonomous regions such as Bangsamoro (competing since the 2019 edition [3] ) and Cordillera Administrative Region and splitting of big region into new regions like the Southern Mindanao, Central Visayas and Western Visayas causes more teams. All these reasons made the 18 regions participating in Palarong Pambansa.

Defunct regions that has competed in the Palarong Pambansa include the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (which has been replaced by Bangsamoro) and the short-lived Negros Island Region. [4]

A color coding system was introduced to uniquely identify each region based on their designated colors. Here are the participating regions with their assigned colors.

Regions
CodeNameColors
BARMMAA Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao   
CARAA Cordillera Administrative Region   
NCRAA National Capital Region   
R1AARegion I or Ilocos Region   
CAVRAARegion II or Cagayan Valley   
CLRAARegion III or Central Luzon   
STCAARegion IV-A or Southern Tagalog - Calabarzon   
MRAARegion IV-B or Southern Tagalog - Mimaropa   
BRAARegion V or Bicol Region   
WVRAARegion VI or Western Visayas   
CVRAARegion VII Central Visayas   
EVRAARegion VIII or Eastern Visayas   
ZPRAARegion IX or Zamboanga Peninsula   
NMRAARegion X or Northern Mindanao   
DAVRAARegion XI or Davao Region   
SRAARegion XII or Soccsksargen   
CAA-RSCRegion XIII or Caraga Region   

Sports

Currently there are 20 sports disciplines and a special event being contested at the Palarong Pambansa. With the exception of archery (which is not played at the elementary level), competition at the events and disciplines are at the elementary and secondary levels.

In the 2013 Palarong Pambansa in Dumaguete, three demonstration sports were played. These were futsal, [5] wushu and billiards. Below are sports competed at the Palarong Pambansa.

The Department of Education will plan to add more events by 2017, particularly for the people with special needs, including the 50-meter and 100-meter runs for athletics and chess for the blind. [6]

Note:

Arnis was included among the priority sports in Palarong Pambansa and begun in 2010, in accordance to Republic Act No. 9850 in 2009, signed by former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. [8]

Editions

EditionYearHost/VenueNotes/RemarksRef / Notes
SystemFirst PlaceSecond PlaceThird Place
Bureau of Public Schools-Interscholastic Athletics Association Games
1st1948 Manila, NCR
2nd1949 Tuguegarao, Cagayan, R-2
3rd1950 Davao City, Davao del Sur, R-11
4th1951 Cavite City, Cavite, R-4A
5th1952 Legazpi, Albay, R-5
6th1953 Vigan, Ilocos Sur, R-1
7th1954 Cebu City, Cebu, R-7
8th1955 Iloilo City, Iloilo, R-6 February 27 - March 6, 1955
9th1956 Batangas City, Batangas, R-4A
1957Cancelled due to President Ramon Magsaysay's Death
10th1958 Tagbilaran, Bohol, R-7
11th1959 Lingayen, Pangasinan, R-1
12th1960 Manila, NCR
13th1961 Cavite City, Cavite, R-4A
14th1962 Ozamiz, Misamis Occidental, R-10
15th1963 Roxas, Capiz, R-6
16th1964 Pasig, NCR
17th1965 Tacloban, Leyte, R-8
18th1966 Quezon City, NCR
19th1967 Laoag, Ilocos Norte, R-1
20th1968 Zamboanga City, Zamboanga del Sur, R-9
21st1969 Pili, Camarines Sur, R-5
22nd1970 Surigao City, Surigao del Norte, R-13
23rd1971 Bacolod, Negros Occidental, R-6 2
1972Cancelled due to declaration of martial law
24th1973 Vigan, Ilocos Sur, R-1
Palarong Pambansa
25th1974 Bacolod, Negros Occidental, R-6 2
26th1975 Cagayan de Oro, Misamis Oriental, R-10
27th1976 Lucena, Quezon, R-4A
28th1977 Cagayan de Oro, Misamis Oriental, R-10
29th1978 Cagayan de Oro, Misamis Oriental, R-10 [ citation needed ]
30th1979 Bacolod, Negros Occidental, R-6 2
1980Cancelled but substituted by Palarong Bagong Lipunan hosted by Marikina, National Capital Region
31st1981 Tuguegarao, Cagayan, R-2
32nd1982 Dipolog, Zamboanga del Norte, R-9
33rd1983 Tacloban, Leyte, R-8
1984-87Cancelled due to assassination of Benigno Aquino, Jr. and EDSA Revolution
34th1988 Cagayan de Oro, Misamis Oriental, R-10 [ citation needed ]
35th1989 Lucena, Quezon, R-4A
36th1990 San Fernando, Pampanga, R-3
37th1991 Iloilo City, Iloilo, R-6
38th1992 Zamboanga City, Zamboanga del Sur, R-9
39th1993 Ilagan, Isabela, R-2
40th1994 Cebu City, Cebu, R-7
41st1995 Lingayen, Pangasinan, R-1
42nd1996 Koronadal, South Cotabato, R-12
General Santos City, South Cotabato, R-12
Province of Sarangani, R-12
Point System320 - National Capital Region (NCR) 223.75 - Western Visayas (R-6) 215 - Southern Mindanao
Medal Tally86 - National Capital Region (NCR) 86 - Western Visayas (R-6) 47 - Southern Mindanao
43rd1997 Legazpi, Albay, R-5
44th1998 Bacolod, Negros Occidental, R-6 2[ citation needed ]
1999Cancelled
45th2000 Bacolod, Negros Occidental, R-6 2
2001Scheduled in Tubod, Lanao del Norte but cancelled due to lack of funds and peace & order situation
46th2002 Naga, Camarines Sur, R-5
47th2003 Tubod, Lanao del Norte, R-10
2004Cancelled due to 2004 National Elections
Palarong Pambansa Point System and Medal Tally1
48th2005 Iloilo, Iloilo, R-6 Point System638 - National Capital Region (NCR) 434 - Western Visayas (R-6) 411.1 - Calabarzon (R-4A)
Medal Tally
49th2006 Naga, Camarines Sur, R-5 Point System512.67 - National Capital Region (NCR) 428 - Calabarzon (R-4A) 367.5 - Western Visayas (R-6)
Medal Tally
50th2007 Koronadal, South Cotabato, R-12 Point System640.4 - National Capital Region (NCR) 455 - Western Visayas (R-6) 332 - Calabarzon (R-4A)
Medal Tally
51st2008 Puerto Princesa, Palawan, R-4B Point System638 - National Capital Region (NCR) 434 - Western Visayas (R-6) 411.1 - Calabarzon (R-4A)
Medal Tally
52nd2009 Tacloban, Leyte, R-8 Point System588.34 - National Capital Region (NCR) 460.17 - Western Visayas (R-6) 382.5 - Calabarzon (R-4A)
Medal Tally
53rd2010 San Jose, Tarlac, R-3 Point System643 - National Capital Region (NCR) 432.67 - Western Visayas (R-6) 404.67 - Calabarzon (R-4A) [9]
Medal Tally
54th2011 Dapitan, Zamboanga del Norte, R-9 Point System572.66 - National Capital Region (NCR) 479.50 - Western Visayas (R-6) 429.50 - Calabarzon (R-4A) [10]
Medal Tally77 - National Capital Region (NCR) 51 - Calabarzon (R-4A) 49 - Western Visayas (R-6)
55th2012 Lingayen, Pangasinan, R-1 Point System733 - National Capital Region (NCR) 452 - Western Visayas (R-6) 335.5 - Calabarzon (R-4A) [11] [12]
Medal Tally114 - National Capital Region (NCR) 47 - Western Visayas (R-6) 27 - Calabarzon (R-4A)
56th 2013 Dumaguete, Negros Oriental, R-7 2Point System596.5 - National Capital Region (NCR) 446.34 - Western Visayas (R-6) 333 - Central Visayas (R-7) [13]
Medal Tally114 - National Capital Region (NCR) 78 - Western Visayas (R-6) 38 - Northern Mindanao (R-10)
57th 2014 Santa Cruz, Laguna, R-4A Point SystemTBA - National Capital Region (NCR) TBA - Calabarzon (R-4A) TBA - Western Visayas (R-6) [14] [15]
Medal Tally107 - National Capital Region (NCR) 38 - Calabarzon (R-4A) 32 - Western Visayas (R-6)
58th 2015 Tagum, Davao del Norte, R-11 Point SystemTBA - National Capital Region (NCR) TBA - Calabarzon (R-4A) TBA - Western Visayas (R-6) [16] [17] [18] [19]
Medal Tally236 - National Capital Region (NCR) 141 - Calabarzon (R-4A) 131 - Western Visayas (R-6)
59th 2016 3 Legazpi, Albay, R-5 Medal Tally209 - National Capital Region (NCR) 142 - Calabarzon (R-4A) 109 - Western Visayas (R-6) [20]
60th 2017 San Jose de Buenavista, Antique, R-6 Medal Tally209 - National Capital Region (NCR) 155 - Calabarzon (R-4A) 107 - Western Visayas (R-6) [21] [22]
61st 2018 Vigan, Ilocos Sur, R-1 Medal Tally220 - National Capital Region (NCR) 178 - Calabarzon (R-4A) 146 - Western Visayas (R-6) [23] [24] [25]
62nd 2019 Davao City, Davao del Sur, R-11 Medal Tally213 - National Capital Region (NCR) 188 - Calabarzon (R-4A) 147 - Western Visayas (R-6) [26]
Future Palarong Pambansa
2020 4,5Cancelled due to coronavirus pandemic [27] [28]
63rd 2021 5 Marikina, NCR To be determined [28] [29]
64th2022 Bacolod, Negros Occidental, R-6 To be determined [28]
65th2023 Sorsogon City, Sorsogon, R-5 To be determined [28]
66th2024 Mindanao Possible venues (to be announced in October 2022)
67th2024 Bocaue, Bulacan, R-3 To be determined [28]

Note:

List of hosts

By city/municipality
Host City/MunicipalityEvent Hosted
Bacolod, Negros Occidental 5
Cagayan de Oro, Misamis Oriental 4
Iloilo City, Iloilo 3
Naga, Camarines Sur 3
Tacloban, Leyte 3
Lingayen, Pangasinan 3
Vigan, Ilocos Sur 3
Manila, Metro Manila 2
Tuguegarao, Cagayan 2
Lucena, Quezon 2
Zamboanga City, Zamboanga del Sur 2
Cebu City, Cebu 2
Koronadal, South Cotabato a2
Davao City, Davao del Sur 2
Marikina, Metro Manila b1
Cavite City, Cavite 1
Legazpi, Albay 1
Batangas City, Batangas 1
Tagbilaran, Bohol 1
Ozamiz, Misamis Occidental 1
Roxas, Capiz 1
Pasig, Metro Manila 1
Quezon City, Metro Manila 1
Laoag, Ilocos Norte 1
Pili, Camarines Sur 1
Surigao City, Surigao del Norte 1
Dipolog, Zamboanga del Norte 1
San Fernando, Pampanga 1
Ilagan, Isabela 1
Tubod, Lanao del Norte 1
Puerto Princesa, Palawan 1
San Jose, Tarlac 1
Dapitan, Zamboanga del Norte 1
Dumaguete, Negros Oriental 1
Santa Cruz, Laguna 1
Tagum, Davao del Norte 1
Guinobatan, Albay 1
San Jose de Buenavista, Antique 1
Note
By province
Host ProvinceEvent Hosted
Negros Occidental (R-6) 5
Metro Manila (NCR) ac5
Misamis Oriental (R-10) 4
Camarines Sur (R-5) 4
Iloilo (R-6) 3
Leyte (R-8) 3
Pangasinan (R-1) 3
Ilocos Sur (R-1) 3
Cavite (R-4A) 2
Cagayan (R-2) 2
Quezon (R-4A) 2
Zamboanga del Sur (R-9) 2
Cebu (R-7) 2
South Cotabato (R-12) b2
Zamboanga del Norte (R-9) 2
Albay (R-5) 2
Davao del Sur (R-11) 2
Batangas (R-4A) 1
Bohol (R-7) 1
Misamis Occidental (R-10) 1
Capiz (R-6) 1
Ilocos Norte (R-1) 1
Surigao del Norte (R-13) 1
Pampanga (R-3) 1
Isabela (R-2) 1
Lanao del Norte (R-10) 1
Palawan (R-4B) 1
Tarlac (R-3) 1
Negros Oriental (R-7) 1
Laguna (R-4A) 1
Davao del Norte, (R-11) 1
Antique, (R-6) 1
Note
  • a Metro Manila is not a province. It is a representation to complete the data.
  • b 1996 Palarong Pambansa was co-hosted by Province of Sarangani
  • c Upcoming host for the 2020 Palarong Pambansa
By region
Host RegionEvent Hosted
Bicol Region (R-5) 10
Western Visayas (R-6) 10
Ilocos Region (R-1) 7
Northern Mindanao (R-10) 6
Calabarzon (R-4A) 6
National Capital Region (NCR) a5
Central Visayas (R-7) 4
Zamboanga Peninsula (R-9) 4
Cagayan Valley (R-2) 3
Eastern Visayas (R-8) 3
Davao Region (R-11) 3
Soccsksargen (R-12) 2
Central Luzon (R-3) 2
Caraga Region (R-13) 1
Mimaropa (R-4B) 1
Note
  • a upcoming host for the 2020 Palarong Pambansa
By inter-island
Host Inter-IslandEvent Hosted
Luzon (NCR) a29 (5)
Visayas 17
Mindanao 15
Note
  • a Upcoming host for the 2020 Palarong Pambansa

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