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The two lists of the largest cities in Central America given below are based on two different definitions of a city, the urban agglomeration and the city proper. In both lists Central America is defined as consisting of Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. All estimates and projections given have a reference date of mid-2015.
A city proper is the area contained within city limits. A city proper is not limited to a city; it can describe the complete area of any locality that fits the definition. The United Nations defines the term as "the single political jurisdiction which contains the historical city centre."
Central America is located on the southern tip of North America, or is sometimes defined as a subcontinent of the Americas, bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The combined population of Central America has been estimated to be 41,739,000 and 42,688,190.
Belize is a country located on the eastern coast of Central America. Belize is bordered on the northwest by Mexico, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, and on the south and west by Guatemala. It has an area of 22,970 square kilometres (8,867 sq mi) and a population of 387,879 (2017). Its mainland is about 180 mi (290 km) long and 68 mi (110 km) wide. It has the lowest population and population density in Central America. The country's population growth rate of 1.87% per year (2015) is the second highest in the region and one of the highest in the Western Hemisphere.
Estimates for all agglomerations with 300,000 or more inhabitants are included.
|City||Population||Year of projection||Country|
|San José||1,324,000||2015||Costa Rica|
|San Salvador||1,098,000||2015||El Salvador|
|San Pedro Sula||852,000||2015||Honduras|
All cities proper with a population of 200,000 or more are included.
|City||Population||Year of estimate||Country|
|San Pedro Sula||742,118||2015||Honduras|
|San José||333,980||2015||Costa Rica|
|Santa Ana||269,386||2015||El Salvador|
|San Salvador||257,754||2015||El Salvador|
|San Miguel||257,621||2015||El Salvador|
|San Juan Sacatepéquez||237,245||2015||Guatemala|
This is a list of list articles of cities in Central America.
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