List of largest cities in Central America

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The two lists of the largest cities in Central America given below are based on two different definitions of a city, the urban agglomeration and the city proper. In both lists Central America is defined as consisting of Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. All estimates and projections given have a reference date of mid-2015.

City proper city proper

A city proper is the area contained within city limits. A city proper is not limited to a city; it can describe the complete area of any locality that fits the definition. The United Nations defines the term as "the single political jurisdiction which contains the historical city centre."

Central America central geographic region of the Americas

Central America is located on the southern tip of North America, or is sometimes defined as a subcontinent of the Americas, bordered by Mexico to the north, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The combined population of Central America has been estimated to be 41,739,000 and 42,688,190.

Belize country in Central America

Belize is a country located on the eastern coast of Central America. Belize is bordered on the northwest by Mexico, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, and on the south and west by Guatemala. It has an area of 22,970 square kilometres (8,867 sq mi) and a population of 387,879 (2017). Its mainland is about 180 mi (290 km) long and 68 mi (110 km) wide. It has the lowest population and population density in Central America. The country's population growth rate of 1.87% per year (2015) is the second highest in the region and one of the highest in the Western Hemisphere.


Guatemala City, the largest urban agglomeration in Central America Guatemalacityvolcanoes.jpg
Guatemala City, the largest urban agglomeration in Central America
Panama City, the second largest agglomeration in Central America Panama 08 2013 7035.jpg
Panama City, the second largest agglomeration in Central America
San Jose, the third largest agglomeration in Central America 4- Vue San Jose.jpg
San José, the third largest agglomeration in Central America

Largest urban agglomerations

Estimates for all agglomerations with 300,000 or more inhabitants are included. [1]

CityPopulation [1] Year of projectionCountry
Guatemala City 2,918,0002015Guatemala
Panama City 1,673,000 [lower-alpha 1] 2015Panama
San José 1,324,0002015Costa Rica
Tegucigalpa 1,170,0002015Honduras
San Salvador 1,098,000 [lower-alpha 2] 2015El Salvador
Managua 956,0002015Nicaragua
San Pedro Sula 852,0002015Honduras
Choloma 453,0002015Honduras

Largest cities proper

All cities proper with a population of 200,000 or more are included.

CityPopulationYear of estimateCountry
Tegucigalpa 1,190,230 [2] 2015Honduras
Managua 1,039,290 [3] 2015Nicaragua
Guatemala City 994,078 [4] 2015Guatemala
San Pedro Sula 742,118 [2] 2015Honduras
Villa Nueva 564,686 [4] 2015Guatemala
Mixco 495,079 [4] 2015Guatemala
Panama City 468,843 [lower-alpha 3] [6] 2015Panama
San Miguelito 355,429 [6] 2015Panama
San José 333,980 [7] 2015Costa Rica
Soyapango 280,435 [8] 2015El Salvador
Santa Ana 269,386 [8] 2015El Salvador
San Salvador 257,754 [8] 2015El Salvador
San Miguel 257,621 [8] 2015El Salvador
Choloma 242,973 [2] 2015Honduras
San Juan Sacatepéquez 237,245 [4] 2015Guatemala
León 204,985 [3] 2015Nicaragua
La Ceiba 204,140 [2] 2015Honduras

See also

Lists of cities in Central America Wikimedia list article

This is a list of list articles of cities in Central America.


  1. Refers to the population of urban localities in the districts of Panamá, Arraiján, La Chorrera and San Miguelito. [1]
  2. Refers to the urban parts of the municipios of San Salvador, Mejicanos, Soyapango, Delgado, Ilopango, Cuscatancingo, Ayutuxtepeque and San Marcos. [1]
  3. Panama's National Statistics and Census Institute (INEC) defines the city proper of Panama City as comprising the corregimientos of San Felipe, El Chorrillo, Santa Ana, Calidonia, Curundú, Betania, Bella Vista, Pueblo Nuevo, San Francisco, Parque Lefevre, Río Abajo, Juan Diaz and Pedregal. [5]

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