List of mountain ranges

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Physiographic world map with mountain ranges and highland areas in brown, pink, and gray Physical World Map 2004-04-01.jpeg
Physiographic world map with mountain ranges and highland areas in brown, pink, and gray

This is a list of mountain ranges on Earth and a few other astronomical bodies. First, the highest and longest mountain ranges on Earth are listed, followed by more comprehensive alphabetical lists organized by continent. Ranges in the oceans and on other celestial bodies are listed afterwards.


Mountain ranges on Earth

By height

  1. Himalayas – Asia: Nepal, India, China, Pakistan, Bhutan; highest point: Everest, 8848 meters above sea level.
  2. Karakoram (part of Hindu Kush-Himalayas region) – Asia: Pakistan, China, India; highest point: K2, 8611 meters above sea level.
  3. Hindu Kush (part of Hindu Kush-Himalayas region) – Asia: Afghanistan, Pakistan; highest point: Tirich Mir, 7708 meters above sea level.
  4. Pamirs (part of Hindu Kush-Himalayas region) – Asia: Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Afghanistan; highest point: Kongur Tagh, 7649 meters above sea level, a peak included in the "Eastern Pamirs" [1] more often than in the Kunlun Mountains, as Kongur Tagh and the Kunlun range are separated by the large Yarkand River valley; no valley of such significance separates the Pamirs and Kongur Tagh, just political boundaries.
  5. Hengduan Mountains (part of Hindu Kush-Himalayas region) – Asia: China, Myanmar; highest point: Mount Gongga, 7556 meters above sea level.
  6. Tian Shan – Asia: China, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan; highest point: Jengish Chokusu, 7439 meters above sea level.
  7. Kunlun – Asia: China; highest point: Liushi Shan, 7167 meters above sea level.
  8. Transhimalaya (part of Hindu Kush-Himalayas region) – Asia: China; highest point: Mount Nyenchen Tanglha, 7162 meters above sea level.
  9. Andes – South America: Argentina, Chile, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; highest point: Aconcagua, 6962 meters above sea level.
  10. Alaska Range – North America: United States; highest point: Denali, 6194 meters above sea level.

All of the Asian ranges above have been formed in part over the past 35 to 55 million years by the collision between the Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate. The Indian Plate is still particularly mobile and these mountain ranges continue to rise in elevation every year; of these the Himalayas are rising most quickly; the Kashmir and Pamirs region to the north of the Indian subcontinent is the point of confluence of these mountains which encircle the Tibetan Plateau on three sides.

By prominence

See List of peaks by prominence (ranking the mountain ranges as well).

Mountain ranges by length

Mountain systems, ranges and chains by length (over 500 km):

  1. The underwater Mid-ocean ridge40,389 km (25,097 mi)
  2. Ring of Fire40,000 km (25,000 mi) [2]
    1. American Cordillera13,400 km (8,300 mi)
      1. Andes7,000 km (4,300 mi). Northern and Southern Andes main subdivisions, along both run three vast, almost parallel chain systems of mountain ranges - Cordillera Occidental, Cordillera Central and Cordillera Oriental.
      2. North American Cordillera6,400 km (4,000 mi)
  3. Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt – more than 15,000 km (9,300 mi)
    1. Hindu Kush-Himalayas region – 3,500 km (2,200 mi) [3]
  4. Rocky Mountains4,830 km (3,000 mi) (section of the North American Cordillera)
  5. Great Dividing Range3,500 km (2,200 mi)
  6. Transantarctic Mountains3,500 km (2,200 mi)
  7. Kunlun Mountains3,000 km (1,900 mi) (section of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt)
  8. Atlas Mountains2,500 km (1,600 mi) (section of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt)
  9. Ural Mountains2,500 km (1,600 mi)
  10. Appalachian Mountains2,414 km (1,500 mi)
  11. Himalayas – c.2,500 km (1,600 mi) (main section of the Hindu Kush-Himalayas region) [4]
    1. High Himalayas2,300 km (1,400 mi) [5]
    2. Sivalik Hills2,400 km (1,500 mi)
    3. Lesser Himalayas2,500 km (1,600 mi) [6]
  12. Altai mountain system2,000 km (1,200 mi)
  13. Barisan Mountains – c. 1,700 km (1,100 mi) (section of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt)
  14. Carpathian Mountains1,700 km (1,100 mi) (section of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt)
  15. Scandinavian Mountains (Scandes) – c. 1,700 km (1,100 mi)
  16. Coast Mountains1,600 km (990 mi) (section of the North American Cordillera)
  17. Qin Mountains1,600 km (990 mi)
  18. Transhimalaya1,600 km (990 mi) (section of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt)
  19. Western Ghats1,600 km (990 mi)
  20. Peninsular mountain ranges1,500 km (930 mi) (section of the North American Cordillera)
  21. Serra do Mar1,500 km (930 mi)
  22. Taurus Mountains1,500 km (930 mi) (section of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt)
  23. Zagros Mountains1,500 km (930 mi) (section of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt)
  24. Sierra Madre Occidental1,500 km (930 mi) (section of the North American Cordillera)
  25. Mantiqueira Mountains/Espinhaço Mountains1,320 km (820 mi)
  26. Alps1,200 km (750 mi) (section of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt)
    1. Western Alps – approx. 600 km (370 mi)
    2. Eastern Alps – approx. 600 km (370 mi)
      1. Central Eastern Alps – approx. 600 km (370 mi)
      2. Northern Limestone Alps – approx. 600 km (370 mi)
      3. Southern Limestone Alps and Western Limestone Alps – approx. 600 km (370 mi)
  27. Apennines1,200 km (750 mi) (section of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt)
  28. Caucasus Mountains1,200 km (750 mi) (section of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt)
    1. Greater Caucasus1,200 km (750 mi)
    2. Lesser Caucasus600 km (370 mi)
  29. Cordillera Occidental (Colombia)1,200 km (750 mi) (section of the Northern Andes, American Cordillera)
  30. Cordillera Oriental (Colombia)1,200 km (750 mi) (section of the Northern Andes, American Cordillera)
  31. Vindhya Range1,200 km (750 mi)
  32. Drakensberg1,125 km (700 mi)
  33. Cascade Range1,100 km (680 mi)
  34. Annamite Range1,100 km (680 mi)
  35. Brooks Range1,100 km (680 mi) (section of the North American Cordillera)
  36. Cordillera Central (Colombia)1,023 km (636 mi) (section of the Northern Andes, American Cordillera)
  37. Pontic Mountains1,000 km (620 mi) (section of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt)
  38. Eastern Sayan Mountains1,000 km (620 mi)
  39. Sierra Madre del Sur1,000 km (620 mi) (section of the North American Cordillera)
  40. Arakan Mountains950 km (590 mi)
  41. Hengduan Mountains900 km (560 mi) as a system of mountain ranges
  42. Hindu Kush800 km (500 mi) (section of the Hindu Kush-Greater Himalayas region)
  43. Precordillera800 km (500 mi) (considered section of the Southern Andes, American Cordillera)
  44. Aravalli Range692 km (430 mi)
  45. Alaska Range650 km (400 mi) (section of the North American Cordillera)
  46. Kopet Mountains650 km (400 mi) (section of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt)
  47. Dinaric Mountains645 km (401 mi) (section of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt)
  48. Sierra Nevada (U.S.)640 km (400 mi) (section of the North American Cordillera)
  49. California Coast Ranges640 km (400 mi) (section of the North American Cordillera)
  50. Balkan Mountains557 km (346 mi) (section of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt)
  51. Karakoram500 km (310 mi) (section of the Hindu Kush-Greater Himalayas region)
  52. Southern Alps500 km (310 mi)

By continental area



  1. Alagalla Mountain Range, Sri Lanka
  2. Alborz, Iran
  3. Al Hajar Mountains, Oman, United Arab Emirates
  4. Altai Mountains, Russia, China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan
  5. Annamite Range, Laos, Viet Nam
  6. Anti-Lebanon, Lebanon, Syria, Israel
  7. Arfak Mountains, Indonesia
  8. Aravalli Range, India
  9. Asir Mountains, Saudi Arabia
  10. Barisan Mountains, Indonesia
  11. Caraballo, Philippines
  12. Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia
  13. Carmel Mountains, Israel
  14. Caucasus, Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkey
  15. Chersky Range, Siberia
  16. Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh
  17. Cordillera Central, Philippines
  18. Crocker Range, Malaysia
  19. Dieng Volcanic Complex, Indonesia
  20. Dzhugdzhur Mountains, Siberia
  21. Eastern Ghats, India
  22. Fansipan, Vietnam
  23. Gydan Mountains
  24. Haraz Mountains, Yemen
  25. Hijaz Mountains
  26. Himalaya, Nepal, Bhutan, China, India, Pakistan
    1. Mahabharat Range or Lesser Himalaya
    2. Siwalik Range or Churia Hills, Subhimalaya
  27. Hindu Kush, Afghanistan, Pakistan
  28. Japanese Alps, Japan
    1. Akaishi Mountains
    2. Hida Mountains
    3. Kiso Mountains
  29. Jayawijaya Mountains, Indonesia
  30. Kabir Kuh, Iran, Iraq
  31. Karakoram, Pakistan, China, India
  32. Khingan Mountains, China
    1. Greater Khingan
    2. Lesser Khingan
  33. Khibinsky Mountains, Russia
  34. Kirthar Mountains, Pakistan
  35. Knuckles Mountain Range, Sri Lanka
  36. Koryak Mountains Siberia
  37. Kunlun Mountains, China (Tibet)
  38. Kuray Mountains, Russia
  39. Mount Lebanon Range, Lebanon
  40. Owen Stanley Range, Papua New Guinea
  41. Pamir Mountains, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan, China
  42. Safed Koh, Afghanistan, Pakistan
  43. Salt Range, Pakistan
  44. Sayan Mountains, Siberia
  45. Sivalik Hills range of outer Himalayas, India
  46. Sierra Madre, Philippines
  47. Sikhote Alin Mountains, Siberia
  48. Stanovoi Range, Siberia
  49. Sudirman Range, Indonesia
  50. Sulaiman Mountains, Pakistan, Iran
  51. Taurus Mountains, Turkey
  52. Toba Kakar Range, Afghanistan, Pakistan
  53. Tian Shan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
  54. Taiwan Mountains, Taiwan
  55. Tengger Mountains, Indonesia
  56. Titiwangsa Mountains, Malaysia
  57. Ural Mountains, Russia
  58. Verkhoyansk Range, Russia
  59. Western Ghats, India
  60. Zagros Mountains, Iran, Iraq
  61. Zambales Mountains, Philippines
  62. Zamboanga Cordilleras, Philippines


  1. Alps
    1. Eastern Alps, Austria, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovenia, Switzerland
      1. Central Eastern Alps, Austria, Italy, Slovenia, Switzerland
        1. Bergamo Alps, Italy
        2. Hohe Tauern, Austria, Italy
          1. Ankogel Group
          2. Defereggen Mountains
          3. Grossglockner
          4. Goldberg Group
          5. Granatspitz Group
          6. Hafner Group
          7. Kreuzeck Group
          8. Rieserferner Group
          9. Schober Group
          10. Venediger Group
        3. Kitzbühel Alps, Austria
        4. Niedere Tauern, Austria
        5. Ötztal Alps, Austria, Italy
        6. Rhaetian Alps, Austria, Italy, Switzerland
          1. Albula Range
          2. Bernina Range
          3. Bregaglia Range
          4. Livigno Range
          5. Oberhalbstein Range
          6. Plessur Range
          7. Samnaun Alps
          8. Sesvenna Range
          9. Silvretta
        7. Rätikon, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland
        8. Stubai Alps, Austria, Italy
        9. Tux Alps, Austria
        10. Verwall Alps, Austria
        11. Zillertal Alps, Austria, Italy
      2. Northern Limestone Alps, Austria, Germany
        1. Allgäu Alps, Austria, Germany
        2. Berchtesgaden Alps, Austria, Germany, France
        3. Dachstein, Austria
        4. Ennstaler Alpen, Austria
        5. Karwendel, Austria, Germany
        6. Lechtal Alps, Austria
        7. Totes Gebirge, Austria
        8. Wetterstein, Austria, Germany
        9. Wilden Kaiser, Austria
      3. Southern Limestone Alps, Austria, Italy, Slovenia, Switzerland
        1. Adamello-Presanella, Italy
        2. Brenta Group, Italy
        3. Carnic Alps, Austria, Italy
        4. Dolomites, Italy
        5. Julian Alps, Italy, Slovenia
        6. Kamnik Alps, Austria, Slovenia
        7. Karawanken, Austria, Slovenia
        8. Ortler Alps, Italy, Switzerland
    2. Western Alps (France, Italy, and Switzerland)
      1. Bernese Alps, Switzerland
      2. Cottian Alps, France, Italy
      3. Glarus Alps, Switzerland
      4. Graian Alps, France, Italy, Switzerland
        1. Mont Blanc Group, France, Italy
        2. Beaufortain Massif, France
        3. Vanoise, France
        4. Gran Paradiso, France, Italy
      5. Lepontine Alps, Italy, Switzerland
      6. Ligurian Alps, France, Italy
      7. North-Eastern Swiss Alps, Switzerland
      8. Pennine Alps, Italy, Switzerland
      9. Dauphiné Alps, France
      10. Maritime Alps, France, Italy
      11. Prealps, France, Italy
        1. Provence Prealps, France
          1. Dentelles de Montmirail, France
        2. Savoy Prealps, France
      12. Savoie Alps, France Switzerland
      13. Urner Alps, Switzerland
  2. Apennines, Italy, San Marino
  3. Balkan Mountains range, mainly Bulgaria, smaller part in Serbia
    1. Central Balkan Mountains
      1. Kaloferska Mountain, Botev Peak, Central Balkan Mountains, Bulgaria
      2. Zlatishko-Tetevenska Mountain, Bulgaria [7]
    2. Western Balkan Mountains
      1. Chiprovska Mountain [8]
      2. Berkovska Mountain, Bulgaria [9]
      3. Vrachanski Balkan, Bulgaria
  4. Black Forest, Germany
  5. Cantabrian Mountains, Spain
    1. Picos de Europa
    2. Basque Mountains
  6. Carpathian Mountains, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Ukraine
    1. Western Carpathians
      1. Tatra Mountains, Poland, Slovakia
      2. Western Beskids and Central Beskids
    2. Eastern Carpathians
      1. Lower Beskids
      2. Eastern Beskids
      3. Moldavian-Muntenian Carpathians
    3. Southern Carpathians
      1. Făgăraș Mountains group
      2. Retezat-Godeanu Mountains group
      3. Poiana Ruscă Mountains
      4. Banat Mountains
    4. Apuseni Mountains
      1. Bihor Mountains
  7. Caucasus Mountains, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia
  8. Dinaric Alps, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia
    1. Prokletije
  9. Scanderberg Range, Albania
  10. Gennargentu, Italy
  11. Harz, Germany
  12. Ireland mountains
    1. MacGillycuddy's Reeks, Ireland
    2. Wicklow Mountains, Ireland
    3. Mourne Mountains, Ireland
  13. Jura mountains, France, Switzerland
  14. Karelides, Finland
  15. Lake District, England
  16. Măcin Mountains, Romania
  17. Massif Central, France
  18. Olympus Range
    1. Mount Olympus
  19. Owl Mountains
  20. Ore Mountains (Erzgebirge), Czech Republic, Germany
  21. Pennines, England
  22. Pindus Mountains, mainly Greece, smaller parts in Albania
  23. Pyrenees, Andorra, France, Spain
  24. Rila-Rhodope mountain massif, mainly Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Greece
    1. Rila, Bulgaria
    2. Pirin, Bulgaria
    3. Slavyanka (mountain)
    4. Osogovo-Belasitsa mountain range
      1. Osogovo
      2. Belasitsa
      3. Vlahina
      4. Malashevska mountain
      5. Plačkovica
      6. Ogražden
    5. Rhodope Mountains, mainly Bulgaria, Greece
      1. Western Rhodopes
      2. Eastern Rhodopes
  25. Rhön Mountains, Germany
  26. Šar range, Albania, Kosovo, North Macedonia
    1. Šar Mountains
    2. Mount Korab
    3. Mount Bistra
    4. Stogovo
    5. Dešat
    6. Jablanica
    7. Galičica
  27. Scandinavian Mountains, Finland, Norway, Sweden
    1. Setesdalsheiene
    2. Jotunheimen
    3. Rondane
    4. Dovrefjell
    5. Trollheimen
    6. Kjolen mountains
    7. Saltfjellet
    8. Svecofennides
    9. Lyngen Alps
  28. Scottish Highlands
    1. Grampian mountains, Scotland
      1. Ben Nevis
    2. Cairngorms, Scotland
  29. Sierra Morena, Spain
  30. Sistema Bético, Spain
  31. Sistema Central, Portugal, Spain
    1. Sierra de Guadarrama
  32. Sistema Ibérico, Spain
  33. Srednogorie mountain system, Bulgaria
    1. Vitosha, Bulgaria
    2. Sredna Gora, Bulgaria
  34. Strandzha, Bulgaria, Turkey
  35. Świętokrzyskie Mountains, Poland
  36. Sudetes, Czech Republic, Germany, Poland
    1. Ślęża Masiff
    2. Lusatian Mountains
    3. Ještěd ridge
    4. Jizera Mountains
    5. Kaczawskie Mountains
    6. Krkonoše
    7. Rudawy Janowickie
    8. Krkonoše foothills
    9. Wałbrzyskie Mountains
    10. Stone Mountains
    11. Owl Mountains
    12. Bardzkie Mountains
    13. Stołowe Mountains
    14. Orlicke Mountains
    15. Bystrzyckie Mountains
    16. Golden Mountains
    17. Śnieżnik Mountains
    18. Opawskie Mountains
    19. Hrubý Jeseník
    20. Low Jeseník
  37. Šumava, Austria, Czech Republic, Germany
  38. Swabian Alb, Germany
  39. Serra de Tramuntana, Spain
  40. Ural Mountains, Russia
  41. Vogelsberg Mountains, Germany
  42. Vosges mountains, France
  43. Wales mountains
    1. Black Mountains
    2. Brecon Beacons
    3. Snowdonia
  44. West Vardar/Pelagonia mountain range, North Macedonia, Greece
    1. Baba Mountain
    2. Jakupica
    3. Nidže
    4. Kožuf

North America

  1. Alángup Qáqai
  2. Alexandrine Range
  3. Amitsorssûp Qulâ
  4. Barth Range
  5. Brages Range
  6. Crown Prince Frederick Range
  7. Daly Range
  8. Didrik Pining Range
  9. Ejnar Mikkelsen Range
  10. Ellemands Range
  11. Fynske Alps
  12. Giesecke Range
  13. Graah Mountains
  14. Gronau Nunataks
  15. Grønne Range
  16. H. H. Benedict Range
  17. Halle Range
  18. Haug Range
  19. Heywood Range
  20. Hjelm Range
  21. Kangerluluk Range
  22. Knud Rasmussen Range
  23. Lacroix Range
  24. Lemon Range
  25. Lilloise Range
  26. Lindbergh Range
  27. Mols Range
  28. Murchison Range
  29. Musk Ox Mountains
  30. Norlund Alps
  31. Pentamerus Range
  32. Pictet Range
  33. Prince of Wales Range
  34. Princess Caroline Mathilde Alps
  35. Princess Elizabeth Alps
  36. Qârusuit Range
  37. Qivssakatdlagfik
  38. Queen Louise Land
  39. Rold Range
  40. Roosevelt Range
  41. Schweizerland
  42. Sioraq Range (Sioraq Fjelde)
  43. Stauning Alps
  44. Svinhufvud Range
  45. Tågefjeldene
  46. Watkins Range
  47. Wiedemann Range
  1. Adam Range
  2. Adamant Range
  3. Alsek Ranges, British Columbia, Alaska, Yukon
  4. Anvil Range, Yukon
  5. Arctic Cordillera, northeastern Canada
  6. Asulkan Range
  7. Badshot Range
  8. Baffin Mountains
  9. Battle Range
  10. Beaufort Range
  11. Belcher Mountains, Hudson Bay
  12. Big Bend Ranges, British Columbia
  13. Big Salmon Range, Yukon
  14. Blackwelder Mountains
  15. Blue Mountains
  16. Bonanza Range
  17. Bonnet Plume Range, Yukon
  18. Bonnington Range
  19. Britannia Range
  20. British Empire Range
  21. British Mountains, Yukon
  22. Bruce Mountains
  23. Byam Martin Mountains
  24. Cadwallader Range
  25. Camelsfoot Range
  26. Cameron Range
  27. Canadian Rockies
  28. Cantilever Range
  29. Cariboo Mountains
  30. Cascade Range
  31. Cayoosh Range
  32. Challenger Mountains
  33. Chilcotin Ranges
  34. Clachnacudainn Range
  35. Clendinning Range
  36. Coast Mountains, Alaska, Yukon, British Columbia
  37. Columbia Mountains, Canada and U.S.
  38. Conger Range
  39. Coquitlam Range
  40. Crease Range
  41. Cunningham Mountains
  42. Dawson Range
  43. Dickson Range
  44. Douglas Ranges
  45. Douro Range
  46. Duncan Ranges
  47. Elk River Mountains
  48. Everett Mountains
  49. Fannin Range
  50. Franklin Range
  51. Garfield Range
  52. Garibaldi Ranges
  53. Genevieve Range
  54. Glenyon Range, Yukon
  55. Goat Range
  56. Gowlland Range
  57. Grinnell Range
  58. Grogan Morgan Range
  59. Haddington Range
  60. Haihte Range
  61. Ha-Iltzuk Icefield
  62. Halifax Range
  63. Hankin Range
  64. Hartz Mountains (Nunavut)
  65. Hermit Range
  66. Hess Mountains, Yukon
  67. Homathko Icefield
  68. Ilgachuz Range
  69. Inglefield Mountains
  70. Innuitian Mountains
  71. Insular Mountains, British Columbia
  72. Itcha Range
  73. Jeffries Range
  74. Joy Range
  75. Karmutzen Range
  76. Kaumajet Mountains, Labrador, Canada
  77. Kettle River Range, Washington and British Columbia
  78. Kiglapait Mountains, Labrador
  79. Kitimat Ranges
  80. Kluane Ranges, Yukon
  81. Knorr Range, Yukon
  82. Kokanee Range
  83. Kootenay Ranges, British Columbia
    1. Vermilion Range
    2. Stanford Range
    3. Beaverfoot Range
  84. Krag Mountains
  85. Krieger Mountains
  86. Lardeau Range
  87. Lillooet Icecap
  88. Lillooet Ranges
  89. MacDonald Range, British Columbia
  90. McKay Range
  91. Monashee Mountains, British Columbia and Washington
  92. Nadaleen Range, Yukon
  93. Nelson Range
  94. Newcastle Range
  95. Niut Range
  96. Norns Range
  97. North Shore Mountains
  98. Ogilvie Mountains
  99. Osborn Range
  100. Pelham Range
  101. Pelly Mountains, Yukon
  102. Pierce Range
  103. Precipitous Mountains
  104. Premier Range
  105. Prince of Wales Mountains
  106. Prince of Wales Range
  107. Princess Margaret Range
  108. Purity Range
  109. Queen Charlotte Mountains, British Columbia
  110. Quesnel Highland
  111. Rainbow Range
  112. Refugium Range
  113. Richardson Mountains, Yukon
  114. Rocky Mountains, western United States and Canada
  115. Rocky Mountain Foothills, British Columbia and Alberta
  116. Ruby Range
  117. Saint Elias Mountains, southern Alaska, Yukon and British Columbia
  118. San Christoval Range
  119. Sawtooth Range (Nunavut)
  120. Scoresby Hills
  121. Selamiut Range
  122. Selkirk Mountains, British Columbia, Idaho and Washington
  123. Selwyn Mountains, Yukon
  124. Seymour Range
  125. Shulaps Range
  126. Shuswap Highland
  127. Sir Donald Range
  128. Sir Sandford Range
  129. Somerset Range
  130. Sophia Range
  131. Spearhead Range
  132. Spectrum Range
  133. St. Cyr Range, Yukon
  134. Stokes Range
  135. Sutton Range
  136. Swiss Range
  137. Tantalus Range
  138. Thorndike Peaks
  139. Tochquonyalla Range
  140. Torngat Mountains
  141. Treuter Mountains
  142. United States Range
  143. Valhalla Ranges
  144. Valkyr Range
  145. Vancouver Island Ranges, British Columbia
  146. Victoria and Albert Mountains
  147. Waddington Range
  148. Wernecke Mountains, Yukon
  149. Windy Range
  150. Winston Churchill Range, Alberta
United States
  1. Adirondack Mountains, New York
  2. Alaska Range, Alaska
  3. Aleutian Range, Alaska
    1. Chigmit Mountains, Alaska
    2. Neacola Mountains, Alaska
  4. Amargosa Range, California
  5. Appalachian Mountains, Eastern United States
    1. Allegheny Mountains
    2. Appalachian (Allegheny) Plateau
    3. Catskill Mountains
    4. Blue Ridge Mountains
      1. Great Smoky Mountains
    5. Green Mountains, Vermont
    6. Talladega Mountains, Alabama
    7. White Mountains, New Hampshire
  6. Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma
  7. Bears Paw Mountains, Montana
  8. Beaver Lake Mountains, Utah
  9. Big Snowy Mountains, Montana
  10. Black Hills, South Dakota and Wyoming
  11. Black Mountains, Utah
  12. Blue Mountains, Oregon and Washington
  13. Brooks Range, northern Alaska
    1. Baird Mountains, Alaska
    2. Davidson Mountains, Alaska
    3. De Long Mountains, Alaska
    4. Endicott Mountains, Alaska
    5. Franklin Mountains, Alaska
    6. Phillip Smith Mountains, Alaska
    7. Romanzof Mountains, Alaska
    8. Schwatka Mountains, Alaska
    9. Shubelik Mountains, Alaska
    10. Waring Mountains, Alaska
  14. Bull Mountains, Montana
  15. Capitan Mountains, New Mexico
  16. Cascade Range, Western Canada and US
  17. Castle Mountains, Montana
  18. Cedar Mountains, Utah
  19. Chalk Buttes, Montana
  20. Chinati Mountains, Texas
  21. Chisos Mountains, Texas
  22. Chugach Mountains, Alaska
    1. Granite Range, Alaska
    2. Robinson Mountains, Alaska
  23. Coast Mountains, Alaska, Yukon, British Columbia
  24. Columbia Mountains, Canada and U.S.
    1. Monashee Mountains, British Columbia and Washington
      1. Kettle River Range, Washington and British Columbia
    2. Purcell Mountains, British Columbia and Montana
    3. Selkirk Mountains, British Columbia, Idaho and Washington
  25. Coso Range, California
  26. Cricket Mountains, Utah
  27. Davis Mountains, Texas
  28. Delamar Mountains, Nevada
  29. Delaware Mountains, Texas
  30. Desert Range, Nevada
  31. Driftless Area, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Iowa
    1. Ocooch Mountains, Wisconsin
  32. East Desert Range, Nevada
  33. East Humboldt Range, Nevada
  34. Franklin Mountains, Texas
  35. Gila Mountains, Arizona
  36. Guadalupe Mountains, Texas
  37. Highwood Mountains, Montana
  38. Huron Mountains, Michigan
  39. Judith Mountains, Montana
  40. Klamath Mountains, California and Oregon
    1. Marble Mountains, California
    2. Northern Yolla-Bolly Mountains, California
    3. Salmon Mountains, California
    4. Scott Mountains, California
    5. Siskiyou Mountains, Oregon and California
    6. Trinity Alps, California
    7. Trinity Mountains, California
  41. Lake Range, Nevada
  42. Little Rocky Range, Montana
  43. Little Snowy Mountains, Montana
  44. Little Wolf Mountains, Montana
  45. Mineral Mountains, Arizona
  46. Mineral Mountains, Utah
  47. Nulato Hills, Alaska
  48. North Moccasin Mountains, Montana
  49. Olympic Mountains, Washington
  50. Oquirrh Mountains, Utah
  51. Oregon Coast Range, Oregon
  52. Organ Mountains, New Mexico
  53. Ortiz Mountains, New Mexico
  54. Pahranagat Range, Nevada
  55. Panamint Range, California
  56. Pavant Range, Utah
  57. Peninsular Ranges, California and México
    1. Laguna Mountains, California
    2. San Jacinto Mountains, California
    3. Santa Ana Mountains, California
      1. Elsinore Mountains
    4. Temescal Mountains, California
  58. Pinaleno Mountains, Arizona
  59. Porcupine Mountains, Western Upper Peninsula of Michigan
  60. Pryor Mountains, Montana
  61. Rocky Mountains, western United States and Canada
    1. Absaroka Range, Montana and Wyoming
    2. Beartooth Mountains, Montana and Wyoming
    3. Bighorn Mountains, Montana and Wyoming
    4. Bitterroot Range, Montana and Idaho
      1. Beaverhead Mountains, Montana and Idaho
      2. Bitterroot Mountains, Montana and Idaho
      3. Centennial Mountains, Montana and Idaho
      4. Coeur d'Alène Mountains, Montana and Idaho
      5. Saint Joe Mountains, Idaho
    5. Boise Mountains, Idaho
    6. Boulder Mountains, Idaho
    7. Boulder Mountains, Montana
    8. Bridger Mountains, Wyoming
    9. Bridger Range, Montana
    10. Cabinet Mountains, Montana
    11. Clearwater Mountains, Idaho
    12. Crazy Mountains, Montana
    13. Elk Mountains, Colorado
    14. Elkhorn Mountains, Montana
    15. Flathead Range, Montana
    16. Front Range, Colorado
    17. Gallatin Range, Montana
    18. Garnet Range, Montana
    19. Granite Mountains, Wyoming
    20. Green Mountains, Wyoming
    21. Gros Ventre Range, Wyoming
    22. Henry Mountains, Utah
    23. John Long Mountains, Montana
    24. La Sal Mountains, Utah
    25. Laramie Mountains, Wyoming
    26. Lemhi Range, Idaho
    27. Lewis Range, Montana
    28. Livingston Range, Montana
    29. Madison Range, Montana
    30. Medicine Bow Mountains, Colorado and Wyoming
      1. Snowy Range, Wyoming
    31. Mosquito Range, Colorado
    32. Owl Creek Mountains, Wyoming
    33. Pioneer Mountains, Idaho
    34. Pioneer Mountains, Montana
    35. Red Mountains, Wyoming
    36. Salish Mountains, Montana
    37. Salmon River Mountains, Idaho
    38. Salt River Range, Wyoming
    39. San Juan Mountains, Colorado
    40. Sangre de Cristo Mountains, Colorado and New Mexico
    41. Sawatch Range, Colorado
    42. Sawtooth Range, Idaho
    43. Shoshone Range, Idaho
    44. Smoky Mountains, Idaho
    45. Soldier Mountains, Idaho
    46. Swan Range, Montana
    47. Tenmile Range, Colorado
    48. Teton Range, Wyoming
    49. Tobacco Root Mountains, Montana
    50. Uinta Mountains, Utah, Colorado, and Wyoming
    51. Wasatch Range, Utah
      1. Bear River Mountains, Utah and Idaho
    52. Washburn Range, Wyoming
    53. White Cloud Mountains, Idaho
    54. Whitefish Range, Montana and British Columbia
    55. Wind River Range, Wyoming
    56. Wyoming Range, Wyoming
  62. Ruby Mountains, Nevada
  63. Sacramento Mountains, New Mexico
  64. Saint Elias Mountains, southern Alaska, Yukon and British Columbia
    1. Brabazon Range, Alaska
    2. Fairweather Range, Alaska
  65. San Andres Mountains, New Mexico
  66. San Francisco Mountains, Utah
  67. San Francisco Peaks, Arizona
  68. Sandia–Manzano Mountains, New Mexico
    1. Manzano Mountains, New Mexico
    2. Sandia Mountains, New Mexico
  69. Sawtooth Mountains, Minnesota
  70. Schell Creek Range, Nevada
  71. Selenite Range, Nevada
  72. Seward Peninsula ranges, Alaska
    1. Bendeleben Mountains, Alaska
    2. Darby Mountains, Alaska
    3. Kigluaik Mountains, Alaska
    4. York Mountains, Alaska
  73. Sheep Range, Nevada
  74. Shoshone Mountains, Nevada
  75. Shoshone Range, Nevada
  76. Sierra Nevada, California and Nevada
  77. Snake Range, Nevada
  78. South Moccasin Mountains, Montana
  79. Spring Mountains, Nevada
  80. Star Range, Utah
  81. Superstition Mountains, Arizona
  82. Sutter Buttes, California
  83. Texas Hill Country, Texas
  84. Toiyabe Range, Nevada
  85. Transverse Ranges, California
    1. Chalk Hills, California
    2. Little San Bernardino Mountains, California
    3. Pine Mountain Ridge, California
    4. Puente Hills, California
    5. San Bernardino Mountains, California
    6. San Emigdio Mountains, California
    7. San Gabriel Mountains, California
    8. San Jose Hills, California
    9. San Rafael Hills, California
    10. San Rafael Mountains, California
    11. Santa Monica Mountains, California
    12. Santa Susana Mountains, California
    13. Santa Ynez Mountains, California
    14. Shandin Hills, California
    15. Sierra Pelona Ridge, California
    16. Simi Hills, California
    17. Tehachapi Mountains, California
    18. Topatopa Mountains, California
  86. Tushar Mountains, Utah
  87. U.S. Interior Highlands, Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma
    1. Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas and Oklahoma
    2. Ozark Plateau, Missouri, Arkansas, and Oklahoma
      1. Boston Mountains, Arkansas
      2. St. Francois Mountains, Missouri
  88. Uwharrie Mountains, North Carolina
  89. Virginia Mountains, Nevada
  90. West Humboldt Range, Nevada
  91. West Mountains, Idaho
  92. White Mountains, Alaska
  93. White Mountains, Arizona
  94. White Mountains, California
  95. Wichita Mountains, Oklahoma
  96. Wolf Mountains, Montana
  1. Peninsular Ranges, California and México
    1. Sierra de Juarez, México
    2. Sierra de la Giganta, México
    3. Sierra de la Laguna, México
    4. Sierra de San Borja, México
    5. Sierra de San Francisco, México
    6. Sierra San Pedro Martir, Baja California, México
  2. Sierra Madre de Chiapas, México, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador
  3. Sierra Madre del Sur, México
  4. Sierra Madre Occidental, México
    1. Sierra Huichola, México
    2. Sierra Tarahumara, México
  5. Sierra Madre Oriental, México
    1. Sierra del Burro, México
    2. Sierra del Carmen, México
  6. Sierra Norte de Puebla, México
  7. Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt (Sierra Nevada), México
  8. Tuxtla Mountains, México
Central America
  1. Cerros de Escazú, Costa Rica
  2. Cordillera de Guanacaste, Costa Rica
  3. Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica and Panamá
  4. Cordillera de Tilarán, Costa Rica
  5. Cordillera Isabelia, Nicaragua, Honduras
  6. Cordillera Los Maribios, Nicaragua
  7. Cordillera Central, Costa Rica
  8. Maya Mountains, Belize
  9. Sierra de Chinajá, Guatemala
  10. Sierra de Chuacús, Guatemala
  11. Sierra de los Cuchumatanes, Guatemala
  12. Sierra del Merendón, Guatemala and Honduras
  13. Sierra Madre de Chiapas, México, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador
  1. Blue Mountains, Jamaica
  2. Cordillera Central, Dominican Republic
  3. Dry Harbour Mountains, Jamaica
  4. John Crow Mountains, Jamaica
  5. Massif du Nord, Haïti
  6. Mocho Mountains, Jamaica

South America

The longest mountain range in the world (above sea level) is the Andes, consisting of several subranges.

Other ranges in South America include:


  1. Great Dividing Range, Australia
  2. Hunter Mountains, New Zealand
  3. Kaikoura Ranges, New Zealand
  4. Kaweka Range, New Zealand
  5. MacDonnell Ranges, Australia
  6. Ruahine Range, New Zealand
  7. Southern Alps, New Zealand
  8. Tararua Range, New Zealand



Extraterrestrial mountain ranges

The Moon

By IAU convention, lunar mountain ranges are given Latin names.


See also

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Alpine orogeny orogeny

The Alpine orogeny or Alpide orogeny is an orogenic phase in the Late Mesozoic (Eoalpine) and the current Cenozoic that has formed the mountain ranges of the Alpide belt. These mountains include the Atlas, the Rif, the Baetic Cordillera, the Cantabrian Mountains, the Pyrenees, the Alps, the Apennine Mountains, the Dinaric Alps, the Pindus (Hellenides), the Carpathians, the Balkanides - Balkan Mountains and Rila-Rhodope massifs, the Pontic Mountains, the Taurus, the Armenian Highlands, the Caucasus, the Alborz, the Zagros, the Hindu Kush, the Pamir, the Karakoram, and the Himalayas. Sometimes other names occur to describe the formation of separate mountain ranges: for example Carpathian orogeny for the Carpathians, Hellenic orogeny for the Pindus, Altai orogeny for Altai Mountains or the Himalayan orogeny for the Himalayas.

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Ice field extensive area of interconnected valley glaciers

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Alpide belt mountain

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North American Cordillera mountain chain along the western side of North America

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  1. N. O. Arnaud; M. Brunel; J. M. Cantagr4=P. Tapponnier (1993). "High cooling and denudation rates at Kongur Shan, Eastern Pamir (Xinjiang, China)". Tectonics. 12 (3): 1335–1346. doi:10.1029/93TC00767.
  10. Ocean Facts, National Ocean Service